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THE  LIBRARY 

OF 

THE  UNIVERSITY 

OF  CALIFORNIA 

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KANSAS 


A   Cyclopedia   of   State    History,    Emliracing   Events, 

Institutions,    Inaustries,    Counties,   Cities, 

Towns,  Prominent  Persons,    Etc. 


SUPPLEMENTARY  VOLUME  OF  PERSONAL  HISTORY 
AND  REMINISCENCE 


WITH    PORTRAITS 


STANDARD     PUBLISHING    COMPANY 

CHICAGO 


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k'! 


V 


I  ■ 

,3 


IISTDEX 


Adams,   Dr.   Franklin  S 443 

Alexa,  John   M 331 

Alford,  William  C 299 

Anderson,  Roland  ^lax   342 

Anderson,   Perry    558 

Armstrong,  Elvvood,  M.  D 403 

Atwater,  John  W 312 

Auld,  John   B 422 

Avery,    Henry    410 

Baker,  Addison    240 

Baker,   Charles   Edgar 125 

Ballard.  Alonzo   430 

Bartleson,  John   W 86 

Baxter,  Marble  Lane 1 54 

Bean,  Charles  M 192 

Beckner,  George  L 412 

IJennett,   Edgar    485 

I'.enton,  Otis  L 79 

1  tallard,  David  Ellenwood 407 

I'.itler,  William  Sawyer 522 

Blake,  Albert  E 588 

Blue,    Henry    AI 579 

Blume,  A.  C 85 

Blocher,    Jacob    446 

Bonham,  Glenn  Irvin  517 

Braden,    William    H 160 

B>rady,  Dr.  John  J 418 

Braddock,  James  Thomas 520 

lirandenberg,  William  Aaron  191 

Breeding,  Walter  Raleigh,   AI.   D 500 

Ijrewer,  David  J 31 

Brice.    Owen    A 352 

Brodrick,  Harry  M 472 

Brown,    John    Q 249 

lirown,   I'^merald   E 576 

Burke,   Richard   H 291 

Burnette,    Howard    R 236 

Burns,    Lewis   C 269 

Burns,  Joseph   AT 268 


1\  INDEX 

Burton.   Tolin   M 62 

Bussell.  belbert  J 34© 

Calvert.  George  Lee i^^ 

Campbell,  Altes  II .^U 

Campbell.  James  \\'a.sliins:ton    2S9 

Campbell.    James    H 286 

Cam])bell,   Alexander    15 475 

Cam])bell.   Floyd  Robert   127 

Campbell.   James   A\' 4- 

Capper.   Arthur    63 

Carpenter.  Arthur  A I5'5 

Carson.  Caleb  W 224 

Caster.    Herbert    O log 

Chambers.   John    0 525 

Chapman.  Henry  W 132 

Chevraux,  Richard  Pierre   299 

Christian.  Robert  O.,  M.  D 263 

Clarke,  Charles  W 484 

Clements,  Milton  Higg'ins 295 

Clemens,  Ira   112 

Coburn,  Foster  Dwight 20 

Coffman,   Treadwell    C 437 

Cole.  Charles  M 141 

Coleman.  Walter  Allen   271 

Coleman,    David    270 

Collelmo,  U.  A.  D.,  M.  D 232 

Connelly,  John  Robert   108 

Cosby.  Merit  M 193 

Coslett.  Isaac 248 

Cowie.  James.  Jr 99 

Cowie.  James   98 

Crandall,  George  B 53 

Crawford,  Robert  M 601 

Creech,  John   Worth 432 

Crosby,  Josiah    91 

Cumpton.  John  A r62 

Cummings,  C.  E 463 

Curran,   John    P 163 

Curran,  Thomas  J 2n 

Curran.  Hon.  .\ndrevv  J 242 

Darby,  Philip   4:^3 

Darby.  Asa  Ray ^qg 

Darlington,  John   W..  M.  D 280 

Davis.  Jeptha  H 25 1 


INDEX  V 

Davis,  Alexander  G 4i 

Dawson,  Benoni  J 301 

Dean,  Edward  M 608 

Delaney,    Michael    480 

Delaney,  George 502 

DeLair,   Sidney  A 121 

Dcnman,  Frank  B 353 

Dcnney,  David  B I45 

Denison,  Charles  S 170 

Dieter,  John  G 53^ 

Dillon,  Alfred  C.,  M.  D 359 

Dillon,  Asa  Brade 361 

Dingman,  Dr.  Wilson  S 524 

Dorsey,  John  J 151 

Dorsey,  Robert  A 153 

Downs,  Thomas  P 336 

Drake,  Aaron  Sampson  220 

Elder,  John  S 89 

Elledge,    Lycurgus    L 313 

Elliott,  John  L 581 

Ellison,  Isaac  B 577 

Ellsworth,  James  0 56 

Evans,  John  N 594 

Evans,  Thomas  Davis 532 

Evans,  Charles  Clark 104 

Everitt,  Charles  C 204 

Farrell,  George  J 37 

I'eather,  William  Henry   3f>3 

Ferguson,  Thomas  T 543 

Fil:e,  James  Xelson 327 

Finley,  John   L 30 

Fipps,  Alonzo  J 320 

Foster,  Eli   G 597 

Foster,  Frank  Sharon  94 

Fox,  George  G 284 

Fox.   Edward    B 395 

Fox,  William  Harrison 148 

Fox,  Henry  F 148 

Fuest,  Joseph  F 591 

Fulton,  John  Gilmore 228 

Fraker,  Emory  T 381 

Garlinghouse,  Orestes  L.,  M.  D 262 

Gaunt,  Fernando  Wood 47 

Geiger,  A.  C.  T loi 


VI  INDEX 

Georq;c.  Emmet  D 3" 

Gibson,   J.    Albert • 237 

Gibson,  Abraham   W 614 

Gillette,  William  P 355 

Gilliland.  William  Albert  260 

Gilman,  George   543 

Gould,  George   287 

Graham,  Alvah  J 226 

Gramme,  Julius  C 4^5 

Guild,  William  R 304 

Hall,  Charles  Edwin 102 

Hamilton,  Stephen  H 518 

Hamm,  Rev.  R.  P 274 

Henshall,  Edgar  Owen,  M.  D 354 

Harbaugh,  Joseph  E 142 

Harbison,  Weslie    34i 

Harden,  Charles  E 146 

Harrison,  Latham  E 90 

Hawes,  Charles  W 45^ 

Hawk,  David  C 319 

Haws,  Samuel    414 

Hawley.  Joseph  E.,  M.  D 32 

Hazen,  Albert    432 

Hepler,  Edwin  Lee 184 

Helton,  George  H 123 

Hemphill,  Thomas  W 396 

Hensley,  Joseph 1 1 1 

Herington,  Monroe  Davis 376 

Herrick,  James  F 619 

Hcwett,  Sheldon  B.,  ]\L  D 133 

Hickok,    Charles    D 612 

Hill,   Ed.   C 38 

Hindman.  Joseph  H.,  ^L  D 264' 

Hinkle,    Fred 196 

Hinshaw,  Thomas  D 466 

Hitz,   C 177 

Hobart,  Frank   „ 346 

Hnbbs.   Dr.   William   X 550 

Hogue,  Clinton  485 

Hohn,  August    ^71 

Hoisington,   Roy  A 538 

Holmbcrg.   Andrew    H 398 

Horn,  Dr.  Matthaus  H 478 

Hudson,  James  Samuel   218 


INDEX  VII 

'  H nghs.  Samuel  H 200 

11  unter,  John  W " 620 

Hunter,  John  Davis   231 

Hurd.  \V.  J 2TJ 

Hurd,   Robert  J 278 

Hutchinson,  Perry 50 

Hutchinson,  Wilber  L 305 

Hyland,  James  R 490 

Ingalls,  John  James 35 

Jackson,  William  Vonneida   195 

Jeffries,  John  A 569 

Johnson,  George    356 

Johnson,   David   C 526 

Johnson.    Perry   A 122 

Johnson,   William   D 459 

Johnson,  James  Wesley   501 

Jellison,  Arthur  Dale 95 

Jones,  Thomas  R 139 

Kackley,  L.  B.,  M.  D 137 

Kagey,   Charles   L 345 

Kehoe,  Peter 369 

Keller,  Adam  P. 180 

Kcll\'.  John    622 

Kelly,  Hon.  George 609 

Kennedy,  James 565 

Kennedy,   Henry    \<a2 

Kenney.  C.  S 57 

Kerschen,  \ichoIas  S 560 

Kimmel.  Samuel   L 290 

Kimple,  William  Henry 135 

King,  Charles  Lincoln   244 

Klaner,  J.  !•" 233 

Klaumann,    I  icrman 257 

Kneciu,  William  Henry 189 

Knight,  John  Jones 106 

Koester.   Charles    F .' 508 

Koster,    Frederick    100 

Knmm,   Harrv   P>rent    192 

Kumm,  Louis   176 

Kurz,  Jacob    .' . .  120 

Lackey,  Squire  Hazen   t68 

Ladd.  Ole  E 5^8 

Lake,  Riley  294 

Landis,  Charles   W 348 


Mil  INDEX 

Lanyon,  Edwin  \* i^7 

Larkin,  Arthur 9*^ 

I.arrick,  Sevwood    59 

LaShelle.  Dr.  Charles  0 49> 

Laury,  John  \\'esley 296 

Lees.'  Dr.  John  \\' 487 

r.ee.  John  1 216 

LeGrande.    Benjamin    3.^4 

Leonard.  J.  T 152 

Lewis.  J.  Claude    I97 

Lightner.  John    Adams 227 

Lindburg.  John   R 1/4 

Lindley,  Nathan 241 

Linscott.  George  S ~7- 

Little.  William  Cutter   2.t 

Longley.  Sylvanus.  S 392 

Lynch,  Austin  B 606 

^IcChesnej',  Leander   476 

McClintock.  John  C.  :\L  D 5S9 

McColloch.   Robert   P 307 

McConnell.  Edgar  B 598 

McCoy,  Frank  A 599 

!McGhee.  James  ^^' 331 

McGinley.  Patrick  J 173 

McGregor.   Alexander    390 

McGrew.  Milton  Smyth,  M.  D 268 

Mclntire.  Davis  T 136 

McKee.  Leonard  V 457 

McKown.   Emery  Howard 116 

Mackey.   Richard   Fairfax 13O 

MacLennan.   Frank   Pitts 48 

Macy.    Frederick    S 39 

Magruder.    Harry    W 583 

Malcolm.  George  R 181 

^fann.  Joseph   316 

Markiiam.    Harvev    :>09 

Marshall.  John   375 

Mason.    Walt    323 

^^arti^.  George  W 34c) 

Martin.  John 308 

^Lirtlens.  John  G 274 

Marty.  John  Jacob _ji6 

^[artindale.  Howard  F c;So 

Matthews.  James  E 298 


INDEX 


IX 


May,   W.  j -75 

Mead,   Anson   G ^^^ 

AFeek,  James   ^  " 

Messing.   I'.ertrand   Delman ^^^ 

Mevn.  Fred  A ■+'^9 

Miers,  Edward  ]\I.,  M.  D ?o5 

Mitchell.  William  H -^21 

Miller,   Ellis    300 

Miller.  Xoah  E ^^'^ 

Mueller,  Henry  M 529 

Mueller,   T.   H.  Edward    52» 

Mueller.  Charles  J 5io 

Milligan.  J.  A.,  M.  D 282 

Mulvane.  John  R 5»o 

Murphv.   ilontraville    -°7 

Moberg.  Arthur.  M.  D 10° 

Montee.  Dr.  Charles   F '^3 

Montee.  James  W ]^^ 

Moore.  James  M.,  M.  D 533 

Moore.    William   M 292 

Moore,  Lee  E 5^^ 

Moore.  John   ' 

Morton.  John  R ~"^3 

I^Iorrison.  Henry  R ^^4 

Morrison,  James    ^'4 

Morrow,  James  Calvin 44° 

Nester,  Michael  5o2 

Nichols.  Roscoe  T 5^^*^ 

Nordstrom.   John  W 574 

Nork,  Axel  A 44i 

O'Brien.  Daniel  S..  M.  D 345 

O'Laughlin.  John    -'^5 

Oliver,"  Francois.  Sr., 3' ' 

Olson.  Charles  H ^5^ 

Osborn,  Toll"  H "55 

Osterhold,   Samuel  T 281 

Olt,   Frederick    523 

Page,  C.  G 5« 

Parker,  Lester  M 45 

Parker,  Schuvler  R 4^0 

P.nrker,    D.    6 37« 

Pancoasl,    Benjamin    F ~^^ 

I'nttersnn,  Moses  G 544 

Paulcv,  Rolev  S 559 


X  INDEX 

Pavne,  Edward  Bell,  M.  D 230 

Pearl.  F.  M 253 

Peckham.  John  \V 17 - 

Peffer,  'riiomas  Clayton 515 

Perdue,  \\illiam  Channing 344 

Peterson.  John  E 49^ 

Petterson,  Herman  Lesley 338 

Pettijohn.  William  R 267 

Pettijohn.  Johnson  \\'.,  M.  D 266 

Phillips,  Lewis  H iji 

Pierson.  John  J 206 

Pike.   Lossen   Green 1 43 

Pike,  Nathan  E i49 

Pingry,  Carl  Oscar 169 

Pine.  Robert  Harvey i  .=i9 

Piper.  Dorus  H.,  M.  D 530 

Piper.  Hugh    279 

Plumb.   Preston   B 364 

Poore.  John 535 

Pomeroy,   Franklin  Clark 252 

Potter.  William  A 499 

Porter.  Hon.  Ebenezer  F 234 

Powell,  Samuel  T 557 

Puckey,  Walter   427 

Punteney.   Eli    M 496 

Price,  Wilson  C 541 

Raines.  V.  C 324 

Raines.  J.  1 324 

Reed.  Howard    423 

Reitzel.  Milford  0 489 

Rhodes,  Theodore  F 436 

Richmond.  Jesse  P 571- 

Robson.  R.,  M.  D 276 

Robinson.  Hardy  C 428 

Robinson,  Sara  Tappan  Doolittle 23 

Robinson.   Charles    17 

Rodgers.    Isaac   Kirby 153 

Rogers,  James  L 211 

Roche,  David ". 380 

Roche,  A\'illiam  Thomas 379 

Rowland.  Claude   158 

Russ.  Russell  S 144 

Rust.  Robert  1 482 

Ryan.  William  H 208 


INDEX  XI 

Sanders,  William  Peaiiey 1 19 

Sanborn,   Make    P 371 

Schaeffer,  Oscar  Weimer 186 

Scliilling,  Jacob  G 318 

Scbmitt,  Paul  N' 562 

Scholz,  Robert  G 414 

Schilling,  Capt.  John 317 

Scott,  Ralph  Warren 238 

Scott,  Dempster 81 

Seacat,   Porter    147 

Seaton,  John  615 

Seelye,  Alfred  Barns 402 

Seelye,  John  Mason 400 

Sexton,  Francis  M 464 

Shaw,  George  C 507 

Sherman,   Charles   W 243 

Shibley,  Robert  Y 512 

Shiffler,  Clinton  R 179 

Short,   J.   T 68 

Shultz,  George  J 468 

Simpson,  Samuel  S 578 

Skourup,  Xis  H 190 

Slade,  Orien   L 470 

Sloan,  Edward  R 313 

Smith,  Solomon  A 223 

Smith,  William  H 506 

Smith,  Dr.  Henry  D 492 

Smith,  Robert  1 607 

Smith,  George  S.,  M.  D 593 

Snyder,  \\'illiam   E 157 

Snyder,  Daniel   115 

Soper,   Stanley   Livingstone 493 

Solt,  Clarence   1 388 

Solt,  L.  C ." 387 

Solt,  Mclancthon   368 

Stanley,  William  Eugene 71 

Stark.  John   W 216 

Stevenson,  Myron  G 131 

Stewart,  Capt.  Samuel  J 264 

Stidham,  James  Emmett 33 

Stol])e,  Gustavas    536 

Stoufer.   .Abe    K 582 

Strong,   James   G 573 

Sughrue,    Michael    201 


XII  INDEX 

Swenson.  Eric  H 6i6 

Taylor,  J.   Luther i^^S 

Taylor,  Joseph   P 1^4 

Tholen.  John  Herman 284 

Thomann.  Frank   55- 

Thompson,  James   \\" 473 

Thompson,   James    A 455 

Thompson.  M.  A 3^4 

Thisler,  Otis  L 38-^ 

Tibbetts,  Charles  C 445 

Tibbetts,   Livv   B 444 

Tilley,  J.  J..  .'. 564 

Tilton,  Stuart  E 540 

Todd,  John  E 222 

Towner,  Benjamin  Ulysses 205 

Towner,  Calvin  Clermont 126 

Travis,  Frank  L 310 

Tremble,  George  T 93 

Trigg,  Thomas  E 547 

Travers,  John  L 358 

Tucker,   John    W 367 

Tudor,   Herbert  O : 316 

Turkington,  J.  D 117 

Turner,  Guy  E 215 

\''ance,  Hugh  \V 167 

Van  Wey,  Arthur 229 

Veatch,  John  J 419 

Vicory,  Freeman   623 

\\'aggener.   Balie  P 602 

Walker,   Andrew   Dunham 24s 

Walker,  David  B 566 

Wallingford.  Webster  N 217 

Wallingford.  Charles  Augustine 221 

Wallingford.  Samuel  P 221 

Ward,  C.  W 61 

W^askey,  Thomas   P . .  182 

Wasser,  Elias  Albert 149 

Watson,  Capt.  ^^■illiam  J 128 

Wayde,  John  M 164 

Wayland,  Julius  Augustus 113 

Waynant,  Frank  0 479 

Webb.  Herbert  M.,  ^f.  D '. '  26^5 

Webster,  William  H 335 

Webster,  John    35^ 


INDEX  XIII 

Wells,  Charles  W 362 

Welsh,  Charles  Robert 509 

Wheeler.  Frederick  B 1 72 

Wheeler,  James  A 3 ' 5 

Whitehair,  Joseph  A 373 

Wicks,  Wallace  W 5/6 

\\ieters.    William    : 503 

Williams,    Mark    H 439 

Williams,  Walter 5^8 

Williams,  Henry 322 

Willington,  Edward  Winslow 69 

Wilson,  Walter  Everett 521 

Woods,  Ollie  McClure 618 

Woodward,  Earl  Cool 39i 

Young,  P.  C 440 

Young,  Odus  G 203 


BIOORi^PHICiVL 


Charles  Robinson,  the  first  governor  of  the  State  of  Kansas,  was 
born  at  Hardwick,  Mass.,  July  21,  1818.  He  was  descended  from  sturdy 
New  England  stock,  the  son  of  Jonathan  and  Huldah  (Woodward) 
Robinson.  His  father  was  a  direct  descendant  of  the  John  Robinson 
of  Plymouth  Rock  fame,  and  was  a  farmer  and  zealous  anti-slavery 
man.  His  mother  came  of  an  old  New  England  family  not  prominent 
in  the  record,  but  not  less  to  be  honored.  The  parents  were  of  decided 
religious  views,  and  desired  to  give  their  ten  children  as  good  an  edu- 
cation as  was  possible  in  New  England  at  that  time.  In  the  private 
schools  near  his  parental  farm  home,  Charles  Robinson  first  attended 
school,  and  at  the  age  of  seventeen  he  was  sent  to  Hadley  Academy, 
a  year  later  to  Amherst  Academy,  thence  to  Amherst  College.  At  the 
age  of  seventeen  he  was  thrown  upon  his  own  resources  owing  to 
the  large  family  of  his  not  well-to-do  parents,  and  while  pursuing  his 
studies  he  taught  three  terms  of  winter  schools  and  otherwise  employed 
his  time  when  not  in  the  school  room  toward  earning  funds  whert- 
with  to  defray  the  expenses  of  his  education.  After  remaining  a  year 
and  a  half  at  Amherst  College,  during  which  his  eyes  failed  him,  he 
applied  to  the  celebrated  Dr.  Twitchell,  of  Kenne.  N.  H..  for  medical 
aid.  Dr.  Twitchell  invited  him  to  study  medicine  under  his  preceptor- 
ship,  and  yielding  to  the  invitation  he  took  up  the  study  of  medicine 
under  Dr.  Twitchell,  with  whom  he  remained  si.x  months,  after  which 
he  attended  medical  lectures  at  Pittsfield,  Mass.  Still  later  he  pur- 
sued his  studies  under  Dr.  Gridley  at  Amherst,  and  still  later  attended 
medical  lectures  at  Woodstock,  Vt.,  finally  returning  to  Dr.  Gridley, 
under  whom  he  completed  his  medical  education.  Dr.  Robinson  began 
the  practice  of  medicine,  in  1843,  ^^  Belchertown,  Mass.,  where  he  gained 
a  large  practice,  which  proved  to  be  a  great  strain  on  his  not  over- 
rugged  constitution.  He,  therefore,  removed,  in  1845,  to  Springfield, 
Mass.,  where  he  opened  a  hospital  practice.  In  the  summer  of  1843, 
soon  after  he  located  at  P.elchertown,  Dr.  Robinson  married  Miss  Sarah 
Adams,  of  Brookfield,  Mass.  She  died  at  Springfield  on  January  17, 
1846,  leaving  no  children.  Broken  in  spirit  and  health.  Dr.  Robinson 
left  Springfield  and  located  at  Fitchburg,  Mass.,  where  he  practiced  med- 
icine until  failing  health  prompted  him  to  become  the  physician  of  a 
company  which  was  formed  in  Boston  for  an  overland  trip  to  Cali- 
fornia. With  this  company  he  started  out  from  Boston  to  the  Golden 
Gate,  on  March  19.  1849,  arriving  at  Sacramento  August  12  of  that  year. 
Many  were  the  tlirilliiig  ads'cnlures  of  the  trip,  hut  when    Dr.   Robin- 


l8  BIOGRAPHICAL 

son  reached  Sacramento  he  had  changed  from  a  slender  man  of  145 
pounds  to  a  robust  person  of  170,  with  every  trace  of  his  puhnonary 
trouble  gone.  He  soon  abandoned  mining  and  took  up  his  residence  in 
Sacramento,  where  he  practiced  medicine,  became  a  restaurant-keeper, 
editor,  and  leader  of  a  squatter  rebellion.  He  espoused  the  cause  of 
the  settlers  and  squatters,  even  to  the  narrow  risk  of  losing  his  life 
in  the  squatter  riots  of  1850,  but  to  the  extent  of  gaining  a  popularity 
that  resulted  in  his  election,  in  1851,  to  the  legislature  of  California. 
After  serving  with  distinction  in  the  legislature  Dr.  Robinson  took  a 
steamer  for  Boston  by  way  of  the  isthmus,  reaching  his  New  England 
home  September  9,  185 1.  At  Fitchburg  he  reengaged  in  the  practice  of 
medicine,  and  also  edited  a  newspaper,  but  the  variety  of  positions  that 
he  held  in  California  seemed  to  indicate  that  in  the  future  he  would 
have  a  wider  sphere  of  usefulness  than  that  of  practicing  medicine  in 
a  countrj'  town.  The  passage  of  the  Kansas-Nebraska  bill  threw  the 
Territory  of  Kansas  open  to  settlement,  and  the  North  and  South  vied 
with  each  other  in  sending  emigrants  into  the  new  territory  for  occupa- 
tion under  the  law  of  "squatter  sovereignty."  The  Emigrant  Aid  Com- 
pany was  formed  at  Boston  for  the  purpose  of  colonizing  Kansas  with 
persons  who  opposed  slavery.  It  was  through  identification  with  the 
Emigrant  Aid  Company  as  its  agent  that  Dr.  Robinson  began  his  career 
in  Kansas.  As  agent  for  this  company  he  started  for  Kansas  on  June 
28,  1854,  and  in  that  same  year  the  colonists  sent  out  by  the  company 
became  the  founders  of  Lawrence.  As  agent  of  this  company  Dr. 
Robinson  acted,  as  in  other  matters,  according  to  his  earnest  convic- 
tions. He  opposed  slavery ;  believed  in  the  settlement  01  Kansas  and 
the  conquest  of  the  slave  power  by  building  up  homes  of  freemen  on 
a  free  soil,  and  once  committed  to  this  proposition  he  brought  his  varied 
experience  and  his  excessive  energy  to  the  support  of  the  work.  As 
progress  was  made  in  the  settlement  of  Kansas,  troubles  deepened  and 
clouds  appeared  on  the  horizon,  and  it  was  not  long  before  the  hardy- 
pioneers  were  called  upon  to  test  their  strength  in  adherence  to  the 
purpose  for  which  thej-  came  to  Kansas.  Apparently  the  odds  wfere 
against  them,  for  the  free-state  men  were  under  the  shadow  of  the 
populous  State  of  Missouri,  whose  inhabitants  were  determined  to  make 
Kansas  a  slave  State  and  drive  the  abolitionists  and  free-state  men 
from  the  country.  The  attempt  at  territorial  organization  that  was 
now  made  defined  the  situation  and  precipitated  the  struggle.  Dr. 
Robinson  was  a  valuable  leader  of  the  free-state  men,  and  when  they 
had  framed  the  Topeka  constitution,  looking  to  the  admission  of  Kan- 
sas as  a  State,  and  when  it  was  thought  best  to  organize  and  complete 
a  State  government  to  be  ready  to  go  into  full  operation  should  State- 
hood be  granted  under  the  Topeka  constitution.  Dr.  Robinson  was 
elected  governor  on  January  15,  1856,  but  under  this  constitution  Kansas 
failed  of  admission  into  the  Union.     It  was  under  the  Wvandotte  con- 


BIOGRAPHICAL  I9 

stitution  that  Kansas  came  into  tlie  Union  on  January  29,  1861,  and  Dr. 
Robinson's  election  as  the  first  governor  of  the  State  having  taken  place 
over  a  year  previous — December  6,  1859.  The  first  free-state  party  had 
ended  in  the  formal  organization  of  the  Republican  party,  which  was  to 
be  the  standard  bearer  of  freedom  in  Kansas,  and  it  was  as  the  candidate 
of  the  Republican  party  that  Dr.  Robinson  was  elected  first  State  gov- 
ernor, and  in  Volume  II  appears  an  account  of  his  administration.  It  is 
worthy  of  note,  however,  here  to  state  that  perhaps  no  other  governor 
of  Kansas  ever  encountered  so  many  difficulties  as  did  Governor  Rob- 
inson. He  met  all  with  a  calm  and  courageous  spirit;  started  the  ma- 
chinery of  the  State  government ;  gave  the  new  State  an  impulse  toward 
right  government;  in  defense  of  the  Union  mustered  find  equipped 
thirteen  regiments  and  several  battalions,  and  when  his  term  of  office 
expired  he  cheerfully  surrendered  the  office  to  Governor  Carney,  who 
succeeded  him  on  January  12,  1863.  Compared  with  his  previous  expe- 
riences in  California,  Massachusetts  and  Kansas,  the  life  of  Governor 
Robinson,  after  the  close  of  his  term  as  governor  of  Kansas,  was  a 
quiet  one,  yet  it  was  a  life  of  activity  as  the  world  goes,  for  he  served 
two  terms  in  the  State  senate — elected  in  1874  and  1876:  was  regent 
of  the  University  of  Kansas,  superintendent  of  the  Haskell  Institute,  and 
president  of  the  State  llistorical  Society,  and  was  engaged  in  agri- 
culture. 

Independent  in  spirit  and  thoroughly  democratic  in  liis  ideas,  Dr. 
Robinson  finally  rebelled  against  the  restraint  of  a  political  regime. 
From  1872  on  he  had  followed  the  liberal  wing  of  the  Republican  party, 
but  becoming  gradually  more  and  more  estranged  from  the  old  party, 
he  was  induced,  in  1866,  to  leave  it  and  enter  upon  a  political  campaign 
as  a  candidate  for  Congress  against  E.  II.  Funston,  but  failed  of  elec- 
tion. In  1890  he  was  induced  to  run  for  governor,  supported  by  the 
Democrats,  Populists  and  Greenbackers,  but  again  he  failed  of  election. 
In  1892  he  helped  to  organize  the  fusion  of  the  Democrats  and  Popu- 
lists, which  ended  in  the  election  of  the  Populist  Governor  Lewelling. 

Throughout  life  Governor  Robinson  was  an  ardent  friend  of  educa- 
tion. From  the  beginning  of  the  University  of  Kansas  to  the  time  of 
his  death,  with  the  exception  of  a  short  interval,  he  was  regent  of 
the  institution.  In  1889,  in  recognition  of  his  eminent  services  to  the 
university  and  the  cause  of  education,  as  well  as  on  account  of  his 
acknowledged  ability  in  many  directions,  the  board  of  regents  conferred 
upon  him  the  honorary  degree  of  Doctor  of  Laws,  an  unusual  act  for 
the  regents,  as  it  was  the  first  and  last  honorary  degree  of  that  kind 
ever  issued.  Governor  Robinson  was  not  a  member  of  the  board  of 
regents  when  it  was  issued.  Another  worthy  tribute  to  Governor  Rob- 
inson in  recognition  of  his  services  in  behalf  of  education  was  paid  by 
the  legislature  of  Kansas  in.  1895,  when  it  passed  an  act  to  appropriate 
$1,000   for   a   bust   of  ex-Governor  Robinson    to   be   placed    in    the   uni- 


20  BIOGRAPHICAL 

versity  chapel,  where  it  now  stands.  An  important  educational  work 
in  which  ex-Governor  Robinson  was  engaged  was  as  the  superintend- 
ent of  Haskell  Institute,  one  of  the  prominent  Indian  schools  of  the 
Federal  Government,  located  at  Lawrence.  But  after  several  years  of 
able  conduction  of  this  institute  he  was  compelled  to  resign  his  trust  on 
account  of  failing  health. 

After  the  burning  of  Dr.  Robinson's  house,  in  May,  1856,  which  was 
situated  on  the  hill  south  of  North  College  in  Lawrence,  he  built  his 
country  home,  "Oakridge,"  about  four  miles  north  of  Lawrence,  and 
there  he  spent  the  remainder  of  his  days,  except  as  he  was  called  to  and 
fro  in  his  busy  life.  Here  he  passed  a  quiet  life,  devoted  largely  to 
the  management  of  his  extensive  farming  interests  and  to  the  details 
of  private  business.  He  was  an  excellent  farmer,  both  theoretical  and 
practical,  not  only  tilling  his  broad  acres  well,  but  also  taking  an  active 
mierest  in  improved  methods  of  agriculture.  He  was  well  known  in 
agricultural  and  horticultural  circles,  frequently  addressing  societies  on 
topics  relating  to  these  two  industries.  In  addition  to  many  other  things 
Governor  Robinson  was  more  or  less  frequently  engaged  in  writing 
for  newspapers  and  periodicals.  While  he  contributed  much  of  value 
concerning  the  historical,  political  and  social  affairs  of  the  State  and 
Nation,  his  greatest  work  was  "The  Kansas  Conflict,"  which  book 
received  much  favorable  comment.  However  much  men  may  have 
differed  from  Governor  Robinson  in  politics,  polities,  public  policy,  no 
one  who  will  examine  his  career  can  help  admiring  him  as  a  citizen  and 
patriot.  His  whole  life  was  an  object  lesson  of  freedom,  liberty,  ear- 
nest conviction,  and  of  help  to  those  who  needed  help,  of  strength  to 
the  strong  and  of  support  to  the  weak.  He  dealt  justly  with  all  men 
in  private  business  relations,  and  in  the  home  he  was  an  excellent  and 
exemplary  husband. 

On  October  30,  1851,  he  married  Miss  Sara  T.  D.  Lawrence,  the  cultured 
and  gifted  daughter  of  Myron  and  Clarissa  (Dwight)  Lawrence,  who 
proved  to  be  a  worthy  companion  to  her  distinguished  husband,  and 
who  survived  him.  (Elsewhere  is  given  a  jjersonal  sketch  of  Mrs. 
Robinson.) 

Governor  Robinson  died  at  "Oakridge,"  his  country  home,  on  .\ugust 
17,  1894,  at  the  age  of  seventy-six  years.  He  met  "death  as  bravely 
as  if  it  were  an  ordinar}-  event  in  life.  He  had  often  fearlessly  faced 
it  before,  but  now  it  came,  bringing  the  welcome  end  of  a  well-spent 
life.  No  citizen  of  Kansas  has  passed  away  amid  more  ardent  expres- 
sion of  affectionate  regret  than  Charles  Robinson.  The  whole  State 
knew  him  and  felt  its  loss. 

Foster  Dwight  Coburn,  secretary  of  the  Kansas  State  Board  of  Ag- 
riculture, and  probably  the  mo.st  widely  known  citizen  of  the  State, 
was  born  in  Jefferson  county.  Wisconsin,  May  7.  1846,  a  son  of  Ephraim 
W.  and  Mary  Jane  (Mulks)  Coburn.    He  was  reared  on  a  farm  until  the 


BIOGRAPHICAL  21 

age  of  thirteen  years;  received  his  clenientar\-  education  in  the  country 
schools;  served  during  the  latter  years  of  the  great  Civil  war  in  two 
Illinois  regiments — first  as  corporal  in  Compan}'  F,  One  Hundred  and 
Thirty-fifth  infantry,  and  subsequently  as  private  and  sergeant-major 
of  the  Sixty-second  veteran  infantry.  In  1867  he  came  to  Kansas  and 
located  in  Franklin  county,  where  he  worked  as  a  farm  laborer,  taught 
school,  and  later  became  a  farmer  and  breeder  of  improved  live  stock 
on  his  own  account.  In  Julj^  1880,  while  farming  in  Franklin  county, 
Mr.  Coburn  was  invited  to  a  position  in  the  office  of  the  State  Board  of 
Agriculture  by  its  secretary,  Joseph  K.  Hudson.  He  accepted,  which 
act  proved  the  beginning  of  his  subsequent  useful  career  in  promoting 
the  agricultural  interests  of  Kansas.  Shortly  after  he  entered  the  office, 
Mr.  Hudson  resigned  the  office  of  secretary  and  Mr.  Coburn  was  unani- 
mously elected  to  fill  the  vacancy,  remaining  as  secretary  until  January 
II,  1882.  For  several  years  from  that  time  he  was  editor  of  the  Live 
Stock  Indicator,  published  at  Kansas  City,  ]\Io.,  and  was  also  president  of 
the  Indicator  Publishing  Company.  On  January  2,  1894,  he  was,  without 
solicitation,  again  elected  secretary  of  the  State  Hoard  of  Agriculture 
and  has  held  the  position  continuously  since  that  date,  having  been 
reelected  without  opposition  and  by  acclamation  for  nine  consecutive 
biennial  terms.  At  the  time  he  came  to  the  office,  in  1894,  the  duties  of 
the  position  were  largely  of  a  clerical  nature,  but,  having  been  actively 
engaged  in  farming  for  many  years,  the  mere  collection  and  publica- 
tion of  statistics  did  not  satisfy  him.  He,  therefore,  put  new  ideas  into 
the  office  b}'  the  gathering  and  distribution  of  such  information  as 
would  be  of  practical  benefit  to  the  farmers  of  the  State  in  their  daily 
work.  The  result  has  been  that  the  Kansas  agricultural  department 
has  become  one  of  the  most  important  branches  of  the  State  government, 
and  has,  perhaps,  attracted  more  attention  and  respect  throughout  the 
country  than  that  of  any  other  State.  His  reports  have  been  widely  dis- 
tributed and  are  regarded  as  authority  on  many  subjects  relating  to  ag- 
riculture, and  his  books,  ''Swine  Husbandry"  and  "Swine  in  .\merica," 
are  considered  the  most  valuable  publications  on  the  subject  of  swine 
raising.  Since  he  became  secretary  he  has  devoted  much  attention  to 
the  subject  of  alfalfa  culture,  being  one  of  the  first  officials  in  the 
United  States  to  take  an  interest  in  the  alfalfa  plant  and  promote  its 
more  general  growing.  Several  years  ago  he  wrote  a  work  entitled 
"Alfalfa,"  and  still  later  "The  Book  of  Alfalfa,"  the  latter  being  un- 
questionably the  best  treatise  on  alfalfa  that  has  found  its  way  into 
print.  Among  other  books  written  by  Mr.  Coburn  may  be  mentioned 
"The  Helpful  Hen,"  devoted  to  the  poultry  interests;  "Corn  and 
Sorghums;"  "Railroads  and  Agriculture,"  a  discussion  of  the  trans- 
portation question;  several  works  on  different  breeds  of  cattle;  "Pork 
Production,"  "Wheat  Growing,"  "Forage  and  Fodders,"  "The  Horse 
Useful;"  "Modern  Dairying;"  "Profitable  Poultry;"  "The  Modern 
Sheep;"  as  well  as  a  number  of  others  on  kindred  subjects 


22  BIOGRAPHICAL 

Mr.  Coburn  was  sole  judge  of  swine  at  the  New  Orleans  exposition  in 
1884 ;  was  one  of  the  judges  of  swine  at  the  Chicago  exposition  in  1893 ; 
was  unanimously  elected  president  of  the  first  National  corn  congress 
at  Chicago  in  1898 ;  has  served  several  terms  as  president  and  vice- 
president  of  the  board  of  regents  of  the  Kansas  State  Agricultural  Col- 
lege; was  chief  of  the  department  of  live  stock  at  the  Louisiana  Pur- 
chase Exposition  at  St.  Louis  in  1904;  served  as  treasurer  of  the  fund 
raised  by  the  people  of  Kansas  for  the  famine  sufferers  of  India ;  was 
strongly  recommended  to  President  McKinley  by  State  legislatures, 
stock  breeders'  associations,  etc.,  in  the  ^^'est  for  Secretary  of  Agri- 
culture in  the  cabinet ;  was  elected  president  of  the  Kansas  semi-cen- 
tennial Exposition  Association,  but  declined  to  serve;  served  four  terms 
as  president  of  the  State  Temperance  Union ;  was  treasurer  of  the  same 
organization  for  four  years,  and  was  chairman  of  the  executive  com- 
mittee during  the  ten  )'ears  the  union  was  most  active  in  its  work; 
was  chairman  ex-officio  of  the  Kansas  State  dairy  commission  during 
the  whole  period  of  its  existence  in  1907-08;  twice  served  as  chairman 
of  committees  to  investigate  the  Kansas  penitentiary ;  has  been  chair- 
man ex-officio  of  the  Kansas  State  entomological  commission  since  it 
was  established  in  1909,  and  has  been  honored  in  various  other  ways 
in  connection  with  agricultural,  industrial  and  educational  affairs. 

Politically,  Mr.  Coburn  is  an  unflinching  Republican,  but  in  1898, 
after  a  campaign  to  secure  his  nomination  as  governor  was  well  under 
way,  he  delivered  an  address  before  the  State  editorial  association  at 
Kansas  City,  in  which  he  positively  declined  to  be  a  candidate.  Not- 
withstanding this,  he  received  over  eighty  votes  in  the  convention. 
Again,  when  Senator  Joseph  R.  Burton  resigned  his  seat  in  the  L^nited 
States  Senate,  Mr.  Coburn  was  tendered  the  appointment  by  Governor 
Hoch,  but  declined  it,  with  the  declaration  that  he  preferred  his  ag- 
ricultural work  in  Kansas  to  any  other,  anywhere,  within  the  gift  of  ' 
the  people.  Mr.  Coburn  is  a  director  and  vice-president  of  the  Pru- 
dential Trust  Company ;  a  director  of  the  Prudential  State  Bank,  and 
vice-president  and  a  director  of  the  Capitol  Building  and  Loan  Asso- 
ciation, all  of  Topeka.  He  is  an  honorary  life  member  of  the  Kansas 
State  Horticultural  Society,  and  an  honorary  member  of  the  Kansas 
State  Editorial  Association,  and  has  several  times  been  unanimously 
elected  a  director  of  the  Kansas  State  Historical  Society.  In  June, 
1909,  he  was  honored  with  the  degree  of  A.  M.  from  Baker  Univer- 
sity, and  the  following  November  he  received  the  degree  of  LL.  D.  from 
the  Kansas  State  .Xgricultural  College. 

In  1869  Mr.  Coburn  married  Miss  Lou  Jenkins,  and  they  have  two 
daughters — Mrs.  Frank  Davis  Tomson,  of  Cedar  Rapids.  Iowa,  and 
Mrs.  Theodore  Jessup,  of  Chicago,  111.,  and  a  son.  Dr.  Clay  E.  Coburn, 
of  Kansas  City,  Kan. 


a 


Ja^^^-u^,  Jo.  dlc^^T^^^^yl^^' 


BIOGRAPHICAL  23 

Sara  Tappan  Doolittle  Robinson  was  born  at  Belchertown.  Mass., 
July  12,  1827,  the  eldest  daughter  of  Myron  and  Clarissa  (Dwight) 
Lawrence.  Her  father  was  born  at  Middlebury,  Mass.,  May  8,  1799, 
and  in  1820  graduated  at  the  college  in  his  native  town.  He  studied 
law  under  Hon.  Willain  Mark  Doolittle,  a  graduate  of  Yale  College  and 
an  able  lawyer  of  Middlebury.  He  became  a  member  of  the  family  of 
his  preceptor  in  the  law,  remaining  such  until  his  marriage,  March 
25,  1824,  to  Miss  Clarissa  Dwight,  a  daughter  of  Capt.  Henry  Dwight 
and  Ruth  Rich.  The  Dwights  have  been  prominent  in  the  records  for 
many  years  in  this  countr\-,  their  name  always  recognized  as  a  symbol 
of  earnest  appreciation  of  all  that  is  highest  and  best  in  education,  re- 
ligion and  personal  worth  and  industry.  The  mother  of  Mrs.  Robinson 
was  possessed  of  personal  charm,  intellectual  strength,  great  independ- 
ence of  character  and  marked  individuality.  Mrs.  Robinson  was  given 
the  full  name  of  the  wife  of  her  father's  preceptor  in  the  law — Sara 
Tappan  Doolittle.  Myron  Lawrence  became  an  eminent  lawyer  and  citi- 
zen. At  the  age  of  twenty-seven  he  served  as  a  representative  in  the 
Massachusetts  legislature,  and  afterward  several  years  in  the  State 
senate,  over  which  body  he  presided  as  president.  In  June,  before  his 
death  on  November  7,  1852,  he  was  honored  with  the  nomination  for  gov- 
ernor of  Massachusetts  on  the  temperance  ticket,  but  failing  health  pre- 
vented his  acceptance.  At  his  home  the  distinguished  people  of  the 
times  visited  him.  Among  the  most  noted,  Daniel  Webster,  Miss  Har- 
riet Martineau,  Stephen  Olin,  Robert  Rantoul,  George  Ashman  and 
W.  B.  Calhoun  never  passed  him  by.  \\'hen  Louis  Kossuth,  the  great 
Hungarian  patriot,  visited  Boston,  in  1850,  Myron  Lawrence  presided  at 
the  immense  meeting  in  Faneuil  Hall,  which  welcomed  Kossuth  to 
that  city. 

Mrs.  Robinson  received  an  excellent  education  in  the  classical  school 
at  Belchertown  and  at  the  Salem  Academy.  While  attending  school 
she  met  with  a  severe  accident  by  falling  upon  some  stone  steps  with 
such  violence  as  to  injure  her  spine.  Tier  natural  vigor  declined,  and 
a  sympathetic  blindness  set  in.  At  the  time  Dr.  Charles  Robinson, 
afterward  the  first  governor  of  the  State  of  Kansas,  was  practicing 
medicine  at  Belchertown,  and  one  evening  he  was  introduced  in  the 
home  of  Miss  Lawrence  by  Dr.  Gridley,  his  preceptor  iii  medicine. 
From  that  time  on  Dr.  Robinson  treated  Miss  Lawrence,  who  regained 
her  health  under  his  treatment,  and  in  after  years  became  the  wife  of 
her  successful  physician,  to  whom  she  was  married  on  October  30.  185 1. 
She  came  with  him  to  Kansas,  in  1854,  and  was  of  great  aid  to  him  in 
his  work  as  agent  for  the  Emigrant  Aid  Society  of  New  England.  She 
was  admirably  qualified  for  the  responsible  position  as  a  support  to 
her  husband  in  that  early  day  of  conflict  against  the  pro-slavery  fac- 
tion in  Kansas.  She  had  a  keen  insight  into  affairs,  a  quick  perception 
and  ready  judgment,  as  well  as  a  fearless  and  active  nature,  which 
brought  her  services  more  than  once  into  demand  in   times  of  critical 


24  BIOGRAPHICAL 

moment.  Like  her  husband,  she  was  entirely  devoted  to  the  cause  of 
freedom.  She  was  a  source  of  inspiration  to  other  women  of  those 
trying  pioneer  days.  In  1856  she  published  a  book  of  peculiar  charm 
and  value — "Kansas,  Its  Interior  and  Exterior  Life" — in  which  she 
graphical]}'  sets  forth  the  scenes,  actors  and  events  of  the  struggle 
between  the  anti-slavery  and  the  pro-slavery  factions  of  Kansas  in  that 
early  day.  This  work  had  a  wide  circulation  and  is  today  reckoned 
among  the  most  valuable  productions  touching  that  period  of  Kansas 
history  with  which  it  deals.  Mrs.  Robinson  was  a  pleasing  writer  and 
a  generous  contributor  to  periodical  literature.  To  the  cause  of  free- 
dom, liberty,  education  and  church  she  was  always  an  ardent  friend 
and   generous   supporter. 

In  1856  Mrs.  Robinson  and  her  distinguished  husband  established 
'"Oakridge,"  a  beautiful  rural  estate  near  Lawrence,  and  from  that  time 
on  Mrs.  Robinson  resided  there,  where  many  prominent  people  of  the 
times  visited.  Here  she  and  her  husband  shared  the  comforts  and 
delights  of  many  years.  Her  husband  died  on  August  17,  189-I.  After 
his  death  Mrs.  Robinson  lived  in  quiet  retirement  at  "Oakridge"  until 
her  death  on  November  15,  191 1. 

.  William  Cutter  Little. — A  man's  real  worth  to  his  community  is  best 
determined  b\-  inquiring  into  the  sentiment  of  his  neighbors  and  fellow 
citizens.  Their  estimate  of  him  is  found  to  be  of  more  value  in  uncover- 
ing the  truth  than  all  other  sources  of  information.  However,  if  there  is 
found  in  this  sentiment  a  diversity  of  opinion,  it  is  difficult  to  arrive  at 
accurate  conclusions.  On  the  other  hand,  if  absolute  harmany  prevails 
in  it,  if  it  is  found  to  be  a  single  unit,  if  a  man's  neighbors  and  dail}'  asso- 
ciates, without  a  single  dissenter,  proclaim  him  to  be  a  worthy  citizen 
and  a  power  for  good  in  the  community,  then  accuracy  of  conclusion  is 
made  easy ;  for  no  precedent  exists  in  which  perfect  harmony  of  public 
sentiment  has  proved  to  be  wrong.  The  conclusions  formed  and  herein 
set  forth  with  reference  to  the  man  under  consideration  have  been 
molded  entirely  from  the  sentiment  of  his  friends  and  fellow  citizens, 
and  since  this  sentiment  had  in  it  not  a  single  discordant  note,  its  accu- 
racy can  be  fully  vouchsafed  and  relied  upon.  Judge  William  Cutter 
Little  is  one  of  the  real  pioneers  of  Wichita,  as  well  as  one  of  her  sub- 
stantial men  and  most  highly  respected  citizens.  Locating  there  in  1870, 
when  the  place  was  a  mere  hamlet,  he  has  resided  in  Wichita  constantly 
for  more  than  forty  years,  and  has  been  an  important  factor  in  the  city's 
growth  from  that  period  of  its  infancy  to  the  present  time.  During  all 
these  years  he  has  helped  to  shape  its  destiny;  has  helped  to  solve  its 
various  municipal  problems ;  has  been  a  most  potent  factor  in  its  de- 
velopment;  has  had  the  satisfaction  of  seeing  it  become  the  prosperous 
and  important  commercial  city  of  more  than  50.000  people  that  it  is 
today,  and  has  contributed  to  its  social,  architectural,  religious  and  edu- 
cational advancement  as  few  others  have  done.     He  has  also  been  just 


BIOGRAPHICAL  25 

as  active  during  this  time  in  promoting  the  welfare  and  industrial  better- 
ment of  Sedgwick  county  and  of  the  State  of  Kansas. 

Judge  I^ittle  was  born  in  W'ethersfield,  Henry  county,  Illinois,  March 
17,  1847,  descended  from  good  old  New  England  Revolutionary  stock 
and  a  member  of  a  worthy,  numerous  and  highly  representative  Amer- 
ican family.  His  father  was  Caleb  Jewett  Tenny  I^ittle,  who  was  born 
at  Goffstown,  In^.  H.,  July  13,  181 1,  and  removed  to  the  State  of  Hllinois 
in  1837.  His  mother's  maiden  name  was  liliza  Ann  Brooks,  born  at  Gro- 
ton,  Mass.,  July  27,  1813.  Both  lived  to  a  mature  old  age,  the  father, 
who  by  occupation  was  a  general  merchant,  dying  in  his  eigthy-fourth 
j'ear,  and  the  mother  in  her  eightieth  year.  The  paternal  grandfather, 
Abner  Bailey  Little,  died  in  his  ninetieth  year.  The  family  was  founded 
in  America  by  George  Little,  who  immigrated  to  New  England  from 
L'nicorn  street,  London  Bridge,  England,  and  located  at  Newbury, 
Mass.,  in  1640.  His  descendants  spread  from  Massachusetts  to  New 
Hampshire,  Maine,  V'ermont,  New  York,  Ohio,  Indiana  and  Illinois, 
and  thence  to  other  parts  of  the  country,  until  today  they  inhabit  prac- 
tically every  State  of  the  American  L'nion.  The  family  has  contributed 
its  full  share  toward  the  building  up  of  American  institutions,  and,  per- 
haps, no  other  family  can  lay  claim  to  a  larger  number  of  true  Amer- 
ican patriots.  The  chief  characteristics  of  its  members  have  been  thrift, 
industry,  sobriety,  intelligence  and  patriotism,  together  with  religious 
and  educational  tendencies  of  a  high  degree.  In  short,  the  descendants 
of  George  Little,  in  America,  belong  to  that  class  of  citizens  who  have 
been  noted  for  their  rugged  honesty,  their  sturdy  high  character,  their 
activity'  in  the  founding  of  schools,  colleges  and  churches,  their  loyalty 
and  patriotism  in  time  of  war,  and  their  industry  and  progressiveness  in 
time  of  peace.  George  Little,  though  he  came  from  England,  was  un- 
doubtedly of  Scotch  descent,  and  the  high  standards  for  which  the  Scotch 
are  noted  have  been  worthily  maintained  by  his  American  descendants. 
In  Judge  Little's  possession  there  is  a  book  entitled,  "Descendants  of 
George  Little,"  which  was  published  in  1882  by  George  Thomas  Little, 
A.  M.,  of  Auburn,  Me.,  a  member  of  the  Maine  Historical  Society.  This 
volume  shows  George  Little's  descendants  to  be  very  numerous  through- 
out this  country,  there  being  personal  accounts  in  it  of  more  than  1,400 
heads  of  families  and  6,500  members,  and  it  was  published  nearly  thirty 
years  ago. 

In  religion  the  family  has  been  altogether  Protestant,  and  foi  the  most 
part  Congregationalists,  while  in  occupation  it  has  been  about  equally 
divided  among  three  of  the  principal  vocations — one-third  of  them  giv- 
ing their  attention  to  agriculture,  one-third  to  commercial  and  mechan- 
ical pursuits,  and  the  remaining  third  to  the  learned  professions,  being 
about  equally  divided  in  law,  medicine  and  theology.  There  have  been 
five  college  presidents  among  them  ;  there  have  been  representatives  in 
both  branches  of  the  National  Congress,  and  statistics  show  that  one  out 


26  BIOGRAPHICAL 

of  every  twenty  has  served  in  State  legislatures.  The  faniily  has  been 
represented  in  all  of  the  principal  American  wars,  including  the  French 
and  Indian,  the  Revolution,  the  War  of  1812  and  the  Civil  war.  Col. 
Moses  Little,  who  was  officer  of  the  daj'  when  Washington  took  com- 
mand of  the  Continental  army,  and  who  commanded  a  regiment  at  the 
battle  of  Bunker  Hill,  was  one  of  George  Little's  descendants,  while 
others  of  his  descendants  have  been  prominent  ag  authors  and  publish- 
ers ;  and  through  maternal  lines  kinship  can  be  traced  to  the  poets — 
Longfellow  and  AMiittier.  Three  towns  of  the  American  Union  bear 
the  name  of  Littleton  in  honor  of  their  founders,  while  the  names  of 
members  of  the  family  appear  in  generous  numbers  on  the  alumni  rolls 
of  American  colleges,  those  of  Harvard  and  Dartmouth  predominating. 
The  branch  of  the  family  to  which  William  C.  Little  belongs  has  been 
noted  for  its  remarkable  longevity,  his  grandfather  and  both  of  his  par- 
ents reaching  a  ripe  old  age,  as  has  already  been  noted,  while  five  golden 
weddings  were  celebrated  by  the  brothers  and  sisters  in  his  father's 
family.  It  will  be  seen  by  the  foregoing  that  William  C.  Little  belongs 
to  a  most  worthy  American  family — a  family  which  has  maintained  a 
high  standard  in  all  matters  relating  to  American  progress,  and  which 
represents  the  best  sentiments  and  highest  ideals  in  American  life ; 
and  it  may  also  be  said  to  be  a  family  of  pioneers,  for  his  great  ancestor, 
George  Little,  was  a  pioneer  of  Massachusetts  and  of  the  country  itself, 
while  his  father  was  a  pioneer  of  the  State  of  Illinois,  and  he.  himself, 
was  a  pioneer  of  the  State  of  Kansas. 

Judge  William  Cutter  Little  was  reared  to  manhood  in  his  native  State 
of  Illinois  and  was  educated  in  its  public  schools  and  in  Kewanee  Acad- 
em}',  in  which  he  graduated  in  1866.  Besides  the  common  branches, 
his  studies  included  English,  Latin,  Greek  and  German.  In  the  fall  of 
1866  he  entered  Beloit  College,  but  after  a  short  time  his  studies  there 
were  discontinued  on  account  of  ill  health.  He  taught  a  country  school 
during  one  winter  and  later  read  law  in  the  offices  of  Howe  &  North,  at 
Kewanee,  111.,  and  was  admitted  to  practice  by  the  Supreme  Court  oi 
Illinois.  April  25,  1870.  His  attention  was  first  attracted  to  Kajisas 
when,  as  a  small  boy,  he  assisted  in  shelling  corn  which  had  been  donated 
by  his  father  to  the  Kansas  Immigration  Aid  Society.  Later,  when  he 
was  older,  his  father  pointed  out  to  him  the  advantages  which  a  new 
country  offered  to  young  men  of  pluck,  energ\',  and  tenacity  of  purpose, 
and  of  limited  means.  Accordingly,  soon  after  his  admission  to  the  bar, 
and  while  considering  the  question  of  a  location,  he  decided  that  he 
would  make  Kansas  his  future  home.  Reaching  this  State  September  20, 
1870,  he  went  directly  to  Wichita,  where  he  has  since  resided.  After 
practicing  law  about  fourteen  years  he  turned  his  entire  attention  to 
financial  matters,  and  for  more  than  twenty-five  years  has  been  promi- 
nently identified  with  the  financial,  commercial  and  industrial  history 
and  affairs  of  the  city.    During  1881  and  1882  he  wound  up  the  affairs 


BIOGRAPHICAL  2/ 

of  the  First  National  Bank  of  \\ichita,  as  receiver.  lie  is  now  presi- 
dent of  the  Wichita  Loan  and  Trust  Company,  ])resident  of  the  \\'estern 
Investment  and  Realty  Company,  and  is  vice-president  of  the  State  Sav- 
ings Bank  of  Wichita.  Together  with  associates  he  built  the  first  rein- 
forced concrete  building  in  the  State,  the  present  Boston  Store  on  the 
corner  of  Douglas  and  Main  streets,  Wichita,  and  is  still  the  principal 
owner  of  this  valuable  property,  which  is,  perhaps,  the  largest  and  best 
building,  devoted  exclusively  to  retail  purposes,  in  the  State  of  Kansas. 
Judge  Little  has  always  taken  an  active  part  in  the  affairs  of  Wichita 
and  of  Sedgwick  county  and  has  been  one  of  the  foremost  men  in  the 
city  in  devoting  his  time,  attention  and  energies  to  the  public  weal.  He 
was  vice-president  of. the  compan)-  that  built  the  first  street  railway  *o 
Fairmount;  was  chairman  of  the  court-house  committee  which  acquired 
title  to  the  ground  and  located  the  present  county  court  house,  and 
he  had  charge  of  the  election  which  voted  the  bonds  to  build  it.  He 
was  a  member  of  the  citizens'  cominittee,  which,  in  conjunction  with  a 
committee  from  the  city  council,  consulted  with  New  York  engineers 
concerning  a  sewer  system  for  Wichita,  and  as  such  he  helped  to  work 
out  the  perfect  system  in  use  today.  He  was  an  active  participant  in  the 
movement,  and  one  of  its  heavy  cash  contributors,  which  led  to  the  loca- 
tion of  the  Dold  and  W^iittaker  packinghouses  in  Wichita,  the  latter  now 
being  the  splendid  plant  of  the  Cudahys,  and  in  other  ways  his  influence 
and  means  have  contributed  to  the  growth  of  W'ichita's  industrial  de- 
velopment. He  was  one  of  the  public-spirited  citizens  who  purchased 
the  site  of  the  present  United  States  Government  building  in  Wichita, 
and  was  thus  instrumental  in  bringing  about  its  most  excellent  and  con- 
venient location.  Along  this  line  it  may  also  be  mentioned  that  Judge 
Little  took  the  iniatory  steps  in  the  mo\ement  that  led  to  the  pur- 
chase of  the  real  estate  bj-  the  city  and  the  establishment  of  Hamilton 
Park  at  a  point  only  a  blick  and  a  half  from  Wichita's  business  center, 
and  in  the  transaction  which  conveyed  the  property  to  the  municipality 
he  represented  its  Eastern  owners.  These  are  only  a  few  of  the  more 
important  ways  in  which  Judge  Little's  influence  for  good  in  his  com- 
munity has  ben  manifested.  In  addition  to  this  his  acts  of  philan- 
thropy and  deeds  of  charity  have  been  numerous,  while  his  sterling- 
integrity  and  his  uniform,  manly,  high  charcter  have  been  such  as  ^o 
exercise  a  most  beneficent  influence  upon  his  fellows  and  the  rising 
youth.  Though  not  an  enthusiast.  Judge  Little  has  always  taken  a  keen 
interest  in  manly  out-door  sports,  was  formerly  a  member  of  the  Pace 
Gun  Club,  and  for  many  years  was  a  member  of  the  Waldock  Lake 
Fishing  and  Gun  Club  and  of  Wichita's  country  club. 

In  politics  he  has  always  been  a  Republican,  casting  his  first  Presi- 
dential vote  for  Ulysses  S.  Grant.  His  political  ideas,  however,  have 
ever  been  characterized  by  independence  of  thought  and  action  and  by 
consistent  progressiveness.     In    1871    he   was   appointed   county   super- 


28  BIOGR.APHICAL 

intendent  of  public  instruction,  to  fill  out  an  unexpired  term,  and  from 
1872  to  1876  served  two  terms  as  probate  judge  of  Sedgwick  county. 
He  is  fond  of  literature,  is  a  ready  writer,  and  has  the  facultj^  of  being 
able  to  express  his  thoughts  easily  in  both  poetry  and  prose.  In  the 
columns  of  the  local  press  there  has  frequently  appeared  verse  from 
Judge  Little's  pen  which  shows  him  possessed  of  much  talent  as  a  com- 
poser of  well-metered,  catchy  and  entertaining  rhyme.  In  addition  tc 
being  a  large  owner  of  city  real  estate.  Judge  Little  has  been  an  owner 
of  Kansas  farms,  and  he  has  ever  taken  a  deep  interest  in  the  most  ad- 
vanced methods  of  agriculture  and  in  the  improvement  of  Kansas  live 
stock.  He  has  always  been  a  strong  advocate  of  the  growing  of  alfalfa, 
and  was  one  among  the  first  men  in  Kansas  to  raise  it  and  to  demon- 
strate its  great  value  and  successful  culture.  He  has  ever  been  a  lover 
of  high-bred  domestic  animals  and  has  done  much  to  improve  the  flocks 
and  herds  of  Kansas.  Pedigreed  Merino  sheep  from  the  finest  flocks  of 
western  Xew  York  and  Vermont  were  brought  in  by  him  in  car  load  lots, 
while  the  herds  of  Kansas  cattle  have  been  improved  by  pedigreed  Short 
Horns  and  Herefords.  which  he  had  shipped  in  from  the  States  of  Alis- 
souri  and  Illinois.  This  marked  fondness  for  thoroughbred  domestic 
animals  was  in  evidence  even  at  his  city  home  in  Wichita,  for  his  chil- 
dren's pony  was  an  imported  Shetland,  the  family  dog  was  a  well-bred 
Newfoundland,  and  the  cows  were  of  the  best  strain  of  Jerseys.  For 
many  years  he  was  secretary  of  the  local  wool  growers'  association, 
which  enabled  flock  masters  to  store  and  hold  their  wool  and  later 
ship  it  in  car  lots  to  the  markets  of  St.  Louis,  Boston  and  Philadelphia, 
thus  obtaining  better  prices  for  their  product. 

At  Kewanee,  Henry  count}',  Illinois,  on  June  2,  1875,  Judge  Little  was 
married  to  Miss  Anna  Louise  Reed.  She  was  born  at  Canandaigua,  N.  Y., 
August  31,  1853.  daughter  of  William  and  Lucinda  (Antes)  Reed. 
The  Reed  family,  also,  was  of  good  New  England  Revolutionary  stock, 
many  of  its  members  becoming  sturdj'  and  aggressive  early  settlers  of 
western  New  York.  It  was  composed  of  good  men  and  true,  not  un- 
known in  war,  politics  and  religion — such  famous  characters  as  Gen. 
George  A.  Custer,  e.x-Speaker  Thomas  B.  Reed  and  Episcopal  Bishop 
Charles  Cheney,  of  Chicago,  being  among  their  number.  Judge  Little 
and  wife  are  the  parents  of  three  children,  all  sons,  and  born  at  Wichita, 
Kan.,  as  follows:  Fred  William  Little,  born  November  16.  1877.  was  ed- 
ucated at  Leiwis  Academy  and  Wentworth  Military  Academy,  read  law  in 
the  offices  of  the  late  Gov.  William  E.  Stanley,  was  admitted  to  the  bar 
in  1900,  and  now  is  vice-president  of  the  Wichita  Loan  and  Trust  Com- 
pany and  of  the  Western  Investment  and  Realty  Company;  married  No- 
vember 23,  1901.  to  Miss  Sarah  Emma,  daughter  of  Finlay  and  Sarah 
(Parham)  Ross;  one  child,  Fred  Ross  Little,  born  August  31,  1906. 
George  Reed  Little,  born  May  3,  1880,  received  his  preparatory  education 
in  the  Wichita  public  schools  and  at  Lewis  Academy,  graduating  in 


BIOGRAPHICAL  29 

1899;  completed  his  literary  work  in  Fairmount  College  and  at  Harvard 
University ;  graduated  from  the  Northwestern  University  Medical  School, 
of  Chicago,  June  20,  1907,  following  which  he  completed  services  as  resi- 
dent physician  in  the  Rockford  Hospital  at  Rockford.  111. ;  the  Mil- 
waukee County  Hospital,  of  Wauwatosa,  Wis.,  and  the  Chicago  I.ying-in 
Hospital  and  Dispensary  at  Chicago,  111.,  receiving  diplomas  from  those 
institutions;  he  is  now  a  practicing  physician  and  surgeon  of  Wichita. 
Edward  Antes  Little,  born  January  20.  1889,  was  educated  in  the  Wichita 
public  schools,  Fairmount  College  and  Leland  Stanford  University  ;  grad- 
uated from  the  literary  department  of  the  last  named  institution  in  1910, 
and  is  now  a  student  in  its  legal  department. 

Judge  Little  is  eligible  to  membership  in  the  Sons  of  the  .\merican 
Revolution  and  his  wife  is  eligible  to  membership  in  the  Daughters  of 
the  .\merican  Revolution,  both  liaving  in  their  possession  all  the  neces- 
sary data  which  would  admit  them  to  those  two  patriotic  organizations. 
Ever  since  he  located  in  Wichita,  Judge  Little  has  been  a  member  and 
active  supporter  of  the  First  Presbyterian  Church  of  that  city,  there 
being  no  Congregational  church  there  at  an  early  date.  During  the 
greater  part  of  his  forty  years'  membership  with  the  First  Presbyterian 
Church  he  has  served  as  one  of  its  trustees,  and  for  many  years  was 
president  of  its  official  board.  He  has  always  taken  a  deep  interest  in 
churches,  schools  and  colleges  and  the  work  of  the  Young  Men's  Chris- 
tian -Association,  and  has  ever  been  a  generous  supporter  of  all  of  these 
bulwarks  of  society  and  civilization.  He  was  one  of  the  founders  of 
Lewis  Academy  and  Fairmount  College,  of  Wichita,  and  lie  and  Mrs. 
Little  have  for  many  }ears  been  liberal  contributors  to  the  cause  of  for- 
eign missions,  maintaining  missionaries  at  their  own  expense  in  foreign 
lands.  Judge  Little  feels  that  of  all  of  the  investments  he  has  ever  made 
outside  of  home  and  family,  those  that  have  paid  the  largest  dividends 
and  yielded  the  higjiest  happiness,  arc  those  made  by  himself  and  wife  in 
supporting  native  pastors  in  foreign  lands,  in  the  education  of  young 
men  for  the  ministry  at  Chefoo.  China,  and  in  the  assistance  given  to 
the  missions  and  to  the  poor  of  their  home  city.  He  believes  the  world 
is  growing  better,  is  an  arrlcnt  su])porter  of  the  theory  of  international 
arbitration,  and  his  sympathies  have  ever  been  with  the  weak  as  against 
the  strong.  Judge  Little  is  a  well  preserved  man  and  is  apparently  quite 
as  active,  and  possessed  of  as  much  vigor  as  a  man  in  the  fullness  of  his 
prime.  His  fine  physical  condition,  no  doubt,  is  due,  in  part  at  least,  to 
his  regular  manner  of  living  and  abstemious  habits,  it  being  a  rule  of  his 
life  totally  to  abstain  from  intoxicants  and  narcotics  of  every  form.  In 
other  words,  it  has  been  his  aim  to  adhere  strictly  to  the  principles  of 
the  simple  life,  with  the  result  that  he  is  possessed  of  a  clear  brain,  a 
steady  nerve  and  a  well-fortified  physique,  despite  his  three-score  and 
four  years.  Simple  in  his  tastes,  quiet  and  unobtrusive  in  his  manner, 
with  tenacity  of  purse.  Judge  I,ittlc  has  made  an  imjiress  on  the  finan- 


30  BIOGRAPHICAL 

cial.  business,  religious  and  educational  history  of  Wichita,  as  few 
others  have  done,  and  has  proved  himself  to  be  a  creditable  representa- 
tive of  an  excellent  family  and  a  worthy  descendant  of  his  patriotic  an- 
cestry. 

John  L.  Finley,  a  prominent  attorney  of  St.  Francis,  Kan.,  formerly 
county  attorney  of  Cheyenne  county,  and  legislative  representative  in 
1907,  1908  and  1909,  was  born  in  Stark  county,  Illinois,  December  6,  1854, 
son  of  A.  J.  and  M.  J.  Finley,  natives  of  Ohio,  who  came  to  Illinois 
in  the  early  '30s,  where  the  father  of  our  subject  engaged  in  farm- 
ing and  stock  raising.  Both  parents  are  still  living  and  reside  in  San 
Diego,  Cal. 

John  Finley  was  raised  and  attended  common  schools  in  Stark  county, 
later  entering  Heading  College  at  Abingdon,  111.,  taking  the  degree  of 
Bachelor  of  Philosophy  in  that  institution  in  1877.  After  leaving  col- 
lege he  taught  school  one  winter  and  farmed  one  summer,  when  he  went 
to  college  at  Ann  Arbor,  Mich.,  taking  the  degree  of  Bachelor  of  Laws  in 
the  law  department  of  that  school  in  1881.  He  first  located  at  Hastings, 
Neb.,  where  he  practiced  his  profession  until  the  spring  of  1886,  and  was 
city  attorney  of  that  town  for  a  short  time.  He  then  removed  to  St.  Fran- 
cis, Kan.,  arriving  before  the  county  of  Cheyenne  was  organized.  He 
returned  to  Flastings  to  settle  up  some  business  matters  and  while  he 
was  absent  the  organization  of  the  county  was  effected.  Mr.  Finley 
began  practice  in  St.  Francis,  in  1893  was  appointed  county  attorney 
to  fill  an  unexpired  term,  and  in  1897  waS' elected  to  that  office  and 
served  four  year*,  his  term  expiring  in  1901.  In  1907  Mr.  Finley  was 
elected  representative  from  Cheyenne  county  to  the  State  legislature 
and  served  two  terms,  1907  and  1909,  and  in  the  special  session  of  1908, 
in  which  the  primary  law  was  passed.  While  he  was  a  member  of  the 
house  the  anti-pass  bill  became  a  law,  and  Mr.  Finley  served  on  the 
committee  on  irrigation,  also  on  the  special  committee  to  investigate 
the  safet}-  appliances  on  railroads,  and  was  chairman  of  the  immigration 
committee.  He  was  mayor  of  St.  Francis  from  1905  to  1909,  is  a  Repub- 
lican in  politics  and  a  member  of  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows 
and  of  the  Ancient  Order  of  United  Workmen. 

In  February,  1886,  Mr.  Finley  was  married  to  Nelly  D.  Holly  at 
Hastings,  Neb.  She  is  the  daughter  of  Joel  Holly,  a  native  of  New 
York,  in  which  State  Mrs.  Finley  was  born.  Mr.  Holly  was  a  farmer 
and  his  daughter  attended  the  common  schools  and  later  the  high  school. 
For  several  terms  she  taught  school  in  Nebraska.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Finley 
have  seven  children,  Floyd,  Ethel,  Myrtle,  Holly,  Clifford,  Lila  and 
John  L.  Ethel  is  a  teacher  in  the  rural  schools  of  Cheyenne  county, 
Floyd  attended  normal  college  at  Salina,  Kan.,  and  is  now  a  hardware 
and  implement  merchant  at  McDonald.  The  other  children  are  at  home, 
and  the  three  youngest  are  attending  school  in  St.  Francis. 


z^^^/rx 


BIOGRAPHICAL  3I 

David  J.  Brewer,  jurist,  was  born  in  Smyrna,  Asia  Minor.  June  30, 
1837,  son  of  Josiah  and  Amelia  (Field)  Brewer.  His  father  was  an 
American  missionary  and  his  mother  was  a  daughter  of  Rev.  David 
Dudley  Field,  of  Stockbridge,  Mass.  During  his  infancy  his  parents 
returned  to  America  and  located  at  Westerfield,  Conn.  After  finishing 
tiie  public  schools  he  attended  the  Wesleyan  University  at  Middle- 
town,  Conn.,  later  entered  Yale  in  the  junior  year  and  graduated  in 
1856.  He  studied  law  with  his  uncle,  David  Dudley  Field,  entered  the 
.\lbany  Law  School,  from  which  he  graduated  in  1858.  In  order  to 
carve  out  a  career  of  his  own  and  not  be  known  merely  as  his  uncle's 
nephew,  he  came  west,  stopping  first  at  St.  Louis,  then  at  Kansas  Cit}^ 
where  he  contracted  the  gold  fever  and  went  to  Pike's  Peak.  Return- 
ing to  Kansas  City  and  not  finding  an  opening  he  located  at  Leaven- 
worth, in  1859,  having  but  sixty-five  cents  left.  In  1861  he  was 
appointed  United  States  commissioner  of  the  circuit  court  of  the  dis- 
trict of  Kansas;  from  1862  to  1865  he  was  judge  of  the  probate  and 
criminal  courts  of  Leavenworth ;  became  judge  of  the  First  judicial 
district  in  1864,  and  in  1871  was  elected  to  the  supreme  bench  of  Kan- 
sas as  associate  justice,  reelected  in  1876  and  again  in  1882,  resigning 
in  1844.  I"  that  year  he  was  appointed  by  President  Arthur  to  the 
L'nited  States  circuit  court  as  judge  in  the  Eighth  judicial  circuit. 
In  December,  1889,  President  Harrison  appointed  Judge  Brewer  asso- 
ciate justice  of  the  United  States  supreme  court  to  succeed  Justice 
Stanley  Matthews,  who  was  deceased.  In  1890  he  became  a  lecturer  on 
corporation  law  at  the  University  of  Columbia  in  New  York.  In  1896, 
when  President  Cleveland  made  up  the  board  of  commissioners  to 
investigate  the  boundar}'  troubles  between  Venezuela  and  British 
Guiana,  Justice  Brewer  was  one  of  the  members,  and  when  the  board 
organized  for  business  he  was  elected  the  presiding  officer.  The  next 
year  he  and  Justice  Fuller  were  arbitrators  in  behalf  of  Venezuela  in 
the  same  matter  with  Great  Britain.  He  was  president  of  the  universal 
congress  of  lawyers  and  jurists  at  the  Louisiana  Piirchaso  lixposition  at 
St.  Louis  in  1904. 

Judge  Brewer  made  corporation  law  his  specialty  and  rendered  most 
\aluablc  service  in  the  corporation  cases  in  the  supreme  court.  So 
largely  was  his  knowledge  depended  upon  in  these  matters  that  his 
death,  in  March,  1910,  left  the  Government  in  a  quandary  as  to  how  to 
dispose  of  the  Standard  Oil  and  Tobacco  cases  then  pending.  Some  of 
his  most  important  work  was  done  in  the  interests  of  Kansas  women,' 
one  of  his  decisions  resulting  in  the  establishment  of  the  eligibility  of 
women  to  the  office  of  county  superintendent  of  public  instruction, 
another  in  the  recognition  and  sustaining  of  the  right  of  married  women 
to  property  belonging  to  them  before  marriage,  and  to  the  wages  earned 
by  them  after  marriage.  Among  his  literary  works  were:  "The  Pew 
and  the  Pulpit,"  "The  Twentieth  Century  from  Another  Viewpoint," 
"American  Citizenship,"  and  "The  United  States  as  a  Christian  Nation." 


32  BIOGRAPHICAL 

He  held  a  great  many  advanced  views,  was  an  ardent  advocate  for 
woman  suffrage,  and  as  a  churchman  was  broad  minded.  The  degree  of 
LL.  D.  was  conferred  upon  liim  by  Washburn,  Iowa  and  ^'ale  colleges. 
Judge  Brewer  married  Louise  R.  Landon,  of  Burlington,  "V't.,  in  1861, 
who  died  in  April,  1898.  In  June,  1901,  he  married  Emma  Minor  Mott, 
of  Washington,  D.  C,  who  survived  him  at  his  death.  Although  he 
lived  in  the  city  of  Washington  for  many  years  he  never  ceased  to 
recognize  Leavenworth  as  his  home,  and  the  people  of  that  place  always 
claimed  him  as  a  resident.  His  body  was  brought  back  to  Leavenworth 
and  was  met  at  the  depot  by  more  than  1,200  citizens.  Business  was  sus- 
pended and  the  flag  floated  at  half-mast.  It  was  said  that  he  was  the 
most  democratic  of  all  supreme  court  judges. 

Joseph  E.  Hawley,  M.  D.,  Burr  Oak,  Kan.,  is  one  of  the  leading  phy- 
sicians and  surgeons  of  the  State.  Dr.  Hawley  is  a  native  of  the  State 
of  New  York,  having  been  born  at  Walton,  Delaware  county,  June  i, 
1852.  His  parents  were  Edward  and  Angeline  (Gee)  Hawley,  both 
natives  of  Delaware  county,  Xew  York,  and  descendants  of  Revolu- 
tionary ancestors.  Edward  Hawley  was  a  son  of  Harvey  Hawley,  whose 
father  was  a  soldier  in  Washington's  army.  Angeline  Gee  was  a  daugh- 
ter of  James  Gee,  whose  father.  Peter  Gee,  was  a  soldier  in  the 
Continental  army  in  the  Revolutionary  war.  Soon  after  the  Avar  he 
settled  in  Delaware  county,  New  York,  near  Downsville.  In  1865.  Dr. 
Hawley 's  parents  came  west  with  their  family  of  six  children  and  lo- 
cated in  Chickasaw  county,  Iowa,  and  in  1872  they  went  still  farther 
west,  this  time  locating  in  AVebster  county,  Nebraska,  where  they 
homesteaded.  The  father  died  there  September  17,  1879,  and  the  mother 
survived  until  April  26,  1896,  when  she,  too,  passed  into  the  great 
beyond. 

Dr.  Hawley  received  his  early  education  in  the  public  schools  of 
New  York  and  Iowa  and  the  Bradford  Academy  at  Bradford,  Iowa.  He 
was  employed  in  a  drug  store  at  Bradford  and  read  medicine  with  a  local 
physician  at  the  same  time.  In  1871  he  went  to  Spring  Ranch,  Clay 
county,  Nebraska,  which  was  at  that  time  the  edge  of  the  frontier  settle- 
ment. It  was  forty  miles  to  the  nearest  doctor  and  young  Hawley's 
knowledge  of  medicine  was  soon  appreciated.  From  that  time  on  he  was 
known  as  "Doctor"  and,  while  he  did  not  feel  competent  in  many  casev 
he  was  compelled  to  do  the  best  he  could,  and  on  acount  of  the  great 
distance  to  any  other  doctor  he  had  many  calls  and  built  up  quite  a 
practice.  He  was  well  supplied  with  medical  books  and  devoted  all  his 
spare  time  to  study  and  often  took  Druett's  work  on  surgery  with  him 
as  a  guide  when  called  to  attend  a  patient  with  a  fracture  or  a  disloca- 
tion. Such  were  the  circumstances  under  which  Dr.  Hawley  began  the 
practice  of  his  profession.  In  1877  '^^  ^old  his  homestead  improve- 
ments in  Nebraska  and  removed  to  Burr  Oak,  Jewell  county,  Kansas. 
On  July  25,  1879,  he  passed  the  examination  before  the  State  Board  of 


BIOGRAPHICAL  33 

Medical  Examiners  and  was  admitted  to  practice  under  the  act  of  1879, 
Laws  of  Kansas.  During  the  years  1880,  1881  and  1882  he  attended  the 
St.  Joseph  Hospital  Medical  College,  where  he  was  graduated,  February 
28,  1882.  In  1901  he  attended  Post-Graduate'  Medical  College,  Chicago, 
111.,  and  in  1904  he  attended  the  Chicago  Polyclinic,  during  which  time 
he  spent  si.x  months  in  laboratory  and  hospital  work  in  Chicago  and 
Kansas  City.  Thus  Dr.  Hawley  commenced  his  professional  career  as 
a  pioneer  doctor,  riding  over  the  plains  in  all  kinds  of  weather,  night 
and  day,  carrying  aid  and  comfort  to  the  afflicted,  while  yet  a  mere 
boy  in  his  teens.  He  has  never  ceased  to  be  a  close  student  of  the  science 
of  medicine  and  surgery  and  his  career  has  been  one  of  progress.  He  con- 
tinued the  general  practice  until  the  fall  of  191 1,  since  which  time  he  has 
devoted  himself  especially  to  surgery.  He  also  conducts  a  drug'  store 
in  P)Urr  Oak,  which  he  has  owned  since  1883. 

Dr.  Hawley  has  been  twice  married,  first,  November  21,  1871,  to 
Alice  J.  Stephenson,  of  Chickasaw  county,  Iowa.  To  this  union  were 
forn  four  children,  Bert  A.,  in  the  mercantile  business  at  Leedy,  Okla. ; 
Edward  P.,  merchants,  Traer,  Kan.;  Seth  D.,  one  of  the  leading  phy- 
sicians and  surgeons  of  Oklahoma,  resides  at  Tulsa,  Okla.,  and  Julia, 
now  Mrs.  Charles  F.  Anderson,  Burr  Oak.  Alice  J.  Hawley  died 
December  25,  1910.  Dr.  Hawley  was  married  May  3,  1912,  to  Miss  Rella 
M.  Lambert,  of  Kansas  City,  Mo.,  and  former  resident  of  Burr  Oak.  Not- 
withstanding Dr.  Hawley  has  alwa_VB  had  an  extensive  practice  he  has 
at  the  same  time  taken  a  keen  interest  in  the  public  affairs  and  the  pro- 
motion of  the  best  interests  of  the  community.  He  is  now  serving  his 
fifth  term  as  mayor  of  Burr  Oak;  has  served  on  the  city  council  eighteen 
years :  a  member  of  the  school  board  nine  years,  and  was  coroner  of 
Jewell  county  one  term.  He  was  the  Republican  candidate  for  the  legis- 
lature, but  was  engulfed  by  the  Populistic  wave  that  swept  the  State. 
During  Harrison's  administration  he  was  appointed  United  States  Pen- 
sion E.xaminer  and  served  six  }ears,  and  in  igio  was  appointed  by  Presi- 
dent Taft  to  the  same  position,  which  he  still  holds.  He  is  local  medical 
examiner  for  several  of  the  largest  insurance  companies  and  has  been 
the  local  physician  for  the  Missouri  Pacific  railroad  for  twenty  years. 
Dr.  Hawley  is  a  member  of  the  American  Medical  Association  and  the 
National  Geographical  Association.  Fraternally  he  is  a  member  of  the 
Masonic  order  and  the  Independent  Order  of  Foresters.  He  is  a  Repub- 
lican and  a  member  of  the  Christian  church  and  a  strong  advocate 
of  prohibition. 

James  Emmett  Stidham. — If  tliosc  who  claim  that  fortune  has  favored 
certain  individuals  above  others  will  but  investigate  the  cause  of  success 
and  failure,  it  will  be  found  that  the  former  is  largely  due  to  the  improve- 
ment of  opportunity,  and  the  latter  to  the  neglect  of  it.  Fortunate  envi- 
ronments encompass  most  men  at  some  stage  in  their  career,  but  the 
strong  man  and  the  successful  man  is  he  who  realizes  that  the  proper 


34  IJlOCRAl'IllCAf, 

moment  has  come,  that  the  present  and  not  the  future  holds  his  oppor- 
tunity. The  man  who  makes  use  of  the  Now  and  not  the  To  Be  is  he 
who  passes  on  the  highway  of  life  others  who  started  ahead  of  him, 
and  reaches  the  goal  of  prosperity  far  in  advance  of  them.  It  is  this 
quality  in  Mr.  Stidham  that  has  made  him  a  leader  in  the  world  of  affairs 
and  won  him  a  name  that  is  widely  known  in  connection  with  banking 
interests.  * 

j\Ir.  Stidham  is  now  engaged  as  cashier  of  the  Farmers'  State  Bank 
at  Esbon,  Kan.,  in  Jewell  county,  where  he  has  been  a  resident  since  he 
came  to  Kansas  with  his  parents  in  1872.  He  was  born  in  Darke  county, 
Ohio,  March  19.  1855,  son  of  George  W.  and  Eliza  A.  (Pitm.an)  Stidham, 
the  former  of  Swiss  descent,  born  in  Delaware  in  181 1,  and  the  latter  a 
native  of  Ohio.  They  were  the  parents  of  two  children — James  E.  and  a 
daughter,  who  is  the  widow  of  W.  H.  Bunch  and  resides  in  Beloit,  Kan. 
In  November,  1872,  the  family  removed  to  Jewell  county,  Kansas,  where 
the  father  spent  his  remaining  days,  passing  away  in  1895  at  the  age  of 
eigty-four  years. 

James  E.  Stidham  is  indebted  to  the  public  school  system  and  to 
Whitewater  Academy  at  Whitewater,  Ind.,  for  the  educational  privileges 
which  he  enjoyed  in  his  youth.  He  has  added  largely  to  his  knowledge 
by  experience,  reading  and  observation.  He  was  reared  upon  a  farm,  and 
as  before  stated,  in  November,  1872.  came  to  Kansas,  with  his  parents,  in 
order  to  take  advantage  of  the  Government  offer  of  cheap  lands.  The 
family  settled  one  mile  south  of  the  present  towm  of  Jewell  City,  which 
at  that  time  was  a  small  collection  of  shacks  around  a  sod  fort.  The  son 
taught  school  in  Jewell  county  six  years,  and  in  1880  was  appointed  as- 
sistant postmaster  at  Jewell  Citj*.  He  later  engaged  in  the  book  anJ 
stationery  business,  which  he  followed  five  years,  and  in  1886  entered  the 
photograph  business.  He  also  bred  and  trained  trotting  and  fancy 
driving  horses  and  was  very  successful  in  that  line  of  endeavor.  In  1896 
he  was  again  appointed  assistant  postmaster  at  Jewell  City  and  served 
four  years.  In  1901  he  was  appointed  assistant  postmaster  at  Beloit, 
Kan.,  but  in  1902  returned  to  Jewell  City  and  engaged  in  the  real  estate 
business.  In  1904  he  helped  organize  the  Citizens'  State  Bank  at  Jewell 
City  and  served  as  assistant  cashier  until  1907,  when  he  removed  to 
Esbon,  Kan.,  where  he  organized  the  Farmers'  State  Bank,  of  which  he 
has  been  cashier  up  to  the  present  time.  In  addition  to  his  banking  inter- 
ests he  is  a  stockholder  in  the  Jewell  Citj-  mill,  and  in  many  ways  he  has 
advanced  the  material  interests  of  Esbon.  He  has  a  quarter-section  of 
land — the  Hutchinson  homestead — in  Jewell  caunty,  which  is  devoted  to 
farming  and  grazing  purposes.  In  his  business  affairs  he  has  met  with 
a  high  degree  of  success,  being  a  man  capable  of  management,  with  keen 
discrimination  and  far-sighted  sagacity. 

In  1907  Mr.  Stidham  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Flora  Hutchinson, 
daughter  of  David  and  Eliza  Hutchinson,  who  homesteaded  in  Jewell 


QcU^  .h^f^^^'-i 


BIOGRAPHICAr.  35 

county  in  1872,  where  both  died  in  the  spring  of  1905.  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Hutchinson  were  the  parents  of  five  children.  One  son,  Benjamin,  re- 
sides in  Colorado,  and  four  daughters — Mrs.  Eva  McAllister,  Mrs.  Carrie 
White,  Mrs.  Ella  Rose  and  Mrs.  Stidham — are  residents  of  Jewell  county. 
Mrs.  Stidham  is  assistant  cashier  in  the  Farmers'  State  Bank  at  Esbon. 
In  his  political  views  Mr.  Stidham  is  an  ardent  and  earnest  Republican, 
laboring  untiringly  for  the  success  of  the  party  and  the  adoption  of  its 
principles.  He  served  as  a  delegate  to  the  Sixth  district  Republican  con- 
vention in  1908.  Fraternally  he  is  a  Mason,  having  membership  in  the 
Blue  Lodge  and  the  Chapter,  and  he  is  also  a  member  of  the  Subordinate 
Lodge  and  Encampment  of  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows,  hav- 
ing served  as  representative  in  the  Grand  Lodge  and  as  a  member  of  the 
committee  in  the  Grand  Encampment.  His  religious  faith  is  expressed 
by  membership  in  the  Methodist  church. 

John  James  Ingalls,  author,  lawyer  and  United  States  Senator,  was 
born  in  Middleton,  Mass.,  December  29,  1833,  a  son  of  Elias  T.  and  Eliza 
(Chase)  Ingalls.  He  was  descended  from  Edmond  Ingalls,  who.  with  his 
brother,  Francis,  founded  the  town  of  Lynn,  Mass.,  in  1868.  His  father 
was  a  first  cousin  of  Mehitable  Ingalls,  the  grandmother  of  the  late 
President  Garfield.  His  mother  was  a  descendant  of  Aquilla  Chase,  who 
settled  in  New  Hampshire  in  1630.  Chief  Justice  Chase  was  of  this 
family.  After  going  through  the  public  schools  Ingalls  attend  Williams 
College  at  Williamstown,  Mass.,  graduating  in  1855.  He  then  studied 
law  and  was  admitttcd  to  the  bar  in  1857.  The  next  year  he  came  to  Kan- 
sas and  in  1859  ^^'''■''  ^  member  of  the  Wyandotte, Constitutional  Conven- 
tion. In  i860  he  was  secretary  of  the  Territorial  council  and  was  also 
secretary  of  the  first  State  senate,  in  1861.  The  next  year  he  was  elected 
State  senator  from  Atchison  county.  In  that  year,  and  again  in  1864,  he 
was  nominated  for  lieutenant-governor  on  the  anti-Lane  ticket.  During 
the  Civil  war  he  ser\-e(l  as  judge-advocate  on  the  staff  of  Gen.  George 
W.  Deitzler  with  the  rank  of  lieutenant-colonel.  In  1865  Mr.  Ingalls 
married  Miss  Anna  Louisa  Cheeseborough,  a  descendant  of  William 
Cheeseborough,  who  came  to  this  country  with  Governor  Winthrop  in 
1630.  Her  father,  Ellsworth  Cheeseborough,  was  a  New  York  importer 
who  came  to  .Xtchison,  Kan.,  in  1859,  and  at  the  time  of  his  death,  in 
i860,  was  an  elector  on  the  Lincoln  ticket.  Of  this  union  eleven  children 
\vere  born,  six  of  whom  were  living  at  the  time  of  Mr.  Ingalls'  death,  viz. : 
Ellsworth.  Ethel.  Ralph,  Sheffield.  Marion  and  Muriel. 

In  1873,  "Opportunity,"  of  which  Mr.  Ingalls  wrote  in  his  declining 
years,  knocked  at  his  door.  He  was  made  a  candidate  for  Ignited  States 
senator  at  a  private  caucus  one  night,  and  was  elected  by  the  legislature 
the  next  day.  His  career  in  Washington,  covering  a  period  of  eighteen 
years,  was  one  of  great  brilliancy.  He  quickly  acquired  distinction,  and 
Speaker  Reed  remarked  before  he  had  leafned  the  name  of  new  sena- 
tor:    "Any  man  who  can  state  a  proposition  as  that  senator  does  is  a 


36  BIOGRAPHICAL 

great  man."  As  a  parliamentarian  he  was  unsurpassed.  Senator  Harris, 
a  Democrat  from  Tennessee,  said:  "Mr.  Ingalls  will  go  down  upon  the 
records  as  the  greatest  presiding  officer  in  the  history  of  the  Senate." 
His  speeches  made  him  famous.  He  was  the  master  of  sarcasm  and 
satire,  as  well  of  eulogistic  oratory.  His  address  on  John  Brown,  a 
speech  of  blistering  satire  ;  the  one  delivered  in  Atchison  after  his  vindica- 
tion in  the  Senate,  and  his  eulogies  of  Senator  Hale  and  Senator  Wilson 
are  classic  masterpieces,  seldom,  if  ever,  excelled  in  oratory.  Senator 
Ingalls  was  a  strict  partisan,  an  invincible  champion  of  any  cause,  and  a 
bitter  and  persevering  opponent.  During  his  three  terms  in  the  Senate 
his  greatest  efforts  were  in  the  advocacy  of  the  constitutional  rights  of 
the  freedom  of  the  South  and  the  rights  of  the  veterans  of  the  Civil  war. 
When  a  wave  of  Populism  came  over  Kansas  it  found  him  practically 
unprepared.  He  had  given  little  attention  to  the  money  question  and  the 
tariff,  and  it  was  these  things  that  were  clamoring  for  solution.  He 
was  defeated  b}'  the  Populists  for  senator  in  1891.  Mr.  Ingalls  said 
many  times  that  he  valued  a  seat  in  the  Senate  above  any  other  honor 
in  the  gift  of  the  American  people.  As  an  author  Mr.  Ingalls  won  his 
reputation  first  by  a  number  of  articles  appearing  in  the  old  "Kansas 
Magazine,"  among  which  were  "Cat-Fish  Aristocracy"  and  "Blue  Grass." 
His  poem,  "Opportunity,"  is  worthy  to  be  classed  with  the  greatest  in 
the  English  language,  and  it  ma}^  yet  outlive  his  reputation  as  an  orator 
and  statesman,  and  be  his  lasting  monument.  After  leaving  the  Senate 
Mr.  Ingalls  retired  from  active  life,  traveled  for  his  health,  and  died  in 
New  Mexico,  August  16,  1900.  In  January.  1905.  a  statue  of  him  was  in- 
stalled in  Statuary  Hall  at  Washington  with  fitting  ceremonies,  being 
the  first  statue  to  be  contributed  by  Kansas,  although  Ingalls  during 
his  lifetime  had  urged  upon  the  State  to  place  one  of  John  Brown  in 
this  hall. 

Emmet  D.  George,  Mankato.  Kan.,  a  native  Kansan  who  for  several 
years  was  prominent  in  educational  work  in  the  State.  Mr.  George  was 
born  at  Holton,  May  3.  1873,  and  is  a  son  of  Hiram  and  Margaret  (Wil- 
son') George,  both  natives  of  Indiana.  They  lived  for  a  time  m  Iowa 
and  in  1869  came  to  Kansas,  locating  at  Holton,  where  they  took  a  home- 
stead and  farmed.  The  George  family  consisted  of  nine  children  who 
lived  to  maturity.  The  parents  are  both  deceased,  the  mother  departing 
this  life  in  1909. 

Emmet  D.  George  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Smith  and 
Jewell  counties  and  later  attended  the  Salina  Normal  School,  where  he 
was  graduated  in  the  class  of  1893.  ^^  then  taught  in  country  schools 
and  in  1894  was  the  nominee  of  his  party  for  county  superintendent  of 
schools.  The  next  )'ear  found  him  enrolled  in  Campbell  College,  Holton, 
where  he  remained  a  year.  .Mter  a  year  or  so  more  of  teaching  he  entered 
the  State  Normal  School  at  Emporia,  graduating  in  1898.  He  began  his 
career  as  a  teacher  in  1890  in  the  district  schools  of  Jewell  county,  and  in 


BIOGRAPHICAL  37 

1899  was  elected  principal  of  the  Alankato  High  School.  At  the  expira- 
tion of  that  year  he  was  elected  superintendent  of  the  Mankato  schools. 
After  serving  in  that  capacity  for  two  years  he  was  elected  superin- 
tendent of  the  city  schools  of  Paola,  Miami  county,  Kansas.  He  filled 
this  responsible  position  to  the  entire  satisfaction  of  all  concerned  for  a 
period  of  five  jears,  when  he  resigned  to  engage  in  the  newspaper  work. 
During  the  later  years  of  his  school  work  he  spent  the  summer  months 
in  institute  work,  and  was  well  and  favorably  known  throughout  the 
State  in  that  line  of  work.  During  the  year  1905  he  was  president  of  the 
Southeastern  Kansas  Teachers'  Association.  He  was  also  active  in  the 
State  Teachers'  Association  and  served  one  term  as  its  vice-president, 
also  chairman  of  the  auditing  committee.  In  1907  Mr.  George  purchased 
the  Jewell  County  "^Monitor,"  a  weekly  paper  published  at  Mankato. 
This  uews])aper  was  founded  in  1873  and  Byron  Thompson  was  its  first 
editor.  It  has  the  largest  circulation  of  any  paper  in  the  Sixth  Congres- 
sional district,  and  its  political  policy  has  always  been  Republican.  L"n- 
der  the  editorial  management  of  JMr.  George  the  "Monitor''  maintains,  a 
high  standard  among  the  well  conducted  newspapers  of  western  Kansas. 
In  February,  1911,  Mr.  George  was  appointed  postmaster  of  Mankato, 
which  position  he  now  holds.  August  6,  1900,  he  was  united  in  marriage 
to  Miss  Jessie  Walker,  of  Burlington,  Kan.  They  have  two  children, 
Dorothy  May  and  Byron  Lyle.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  George  are  members  of  the 
Christian  church.  He  is  affiliated  with  the  Masonic  order.  Modern 
Woodmen  of  America,  Red  Men,  Ro3'al  Neighbors.  Eastern  -Star  and  the 
Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks. 

George  J.  Farrell,  the  ])opular  sheriff  of  Phillips  county,  i<  a  represent- 
ative of  that  class  of  substantial  builders  of  a  great  commonwealth  who 
have  served  faithfully  and  long  in  Kansas.  He  is  one  of  the  pioneers  of 
this  great  Slate  who  has  nobly  done  his  duty  in  establishing  and  main- 
taining the  material  interests  and  moral  welfare  of  his  community.  Mr. 
Farrell  was  born  in  Washington  county.  New  York,  July  22,  i860,  the 
son  of  Patrick  and  Margaret  Farrell,  both  of  whom  were  born  in  Ire- 
land. They  came  to  America  and  located  in  New  York  State,  where 
Patrick  Farrell  engaged  in  farming.  George  was  reared  on  his  father's 
farm  and  attended  the  common  schools  of  Washington  county  until 
1872,  when  his  parents  removed  to  Jefferson  county,  Nebraska,  coming 
west  with  a  party  known  as  the  Plymouth  Colony.  Nebraska  was  on 
the  frontier  at  that  time  and  this  company  was  one  of  the  first  to  locate 
in  the  region.  Mr.  Farrell  again  engaged  in  farming  and  at  the  same 
time  raised  stock,  but  in  1877  he  came  to  Kansas,  taking  land  in  Phillips 
county,  and  a  year  later  his  family  joined  him.  They  arrived  in  Novem- 
ber, having  made  the  trip  from  Nebraska  in  a  wagon,  as  railroads  were 
few  and  did  not  run  to  Phillips  county.  The  nearest  railroad  was  at 
Kearney,  Neb.,  from  which  point  the  grain  raised  in  the  northern  coun- 
ties of  Kansas  was  freighted  to  market.    The  '"'•^t  li..ni,.  ,,f  ilio  Fnrrolls 


38  BIOGRAPHICAL 

in  Kansas  was  a  dug-out  and  the  first  school  George  Farrell  attended 
here  was  also  in  a  dug-out,  furnished  with  rude  home-made  benches  and 
desks  of  Cottonwood  timber.  Air.  Farrell  went  to  school  only  one  term, 
as  he  immediately  began  to  work  on  the  farm,  part  of  his  time  being  de- 
voted to  herding  cattle,  as  the  country  was  open  range.  Buffalo  grass 
covered  the  rolling  prairies ;  there  were  no  roads  and  went  people  went 
any  distance  they  followed  divides  between  the  streams  or  crossed 
the  creeks  and  rivers  at  fords.  Crop  failures  were  frequent  and  money 
scarce,  as  the  school  teacher  in  the  district  where  the  Farrells  lived  re- 
ceived but  $io  a  month  and  boarded  around  among  families  of  the 
pupils.  Upon  attaining  his  majority,  Mr.  Farrell  took  a  hometsead  in 
Prairie  View  township,  where  he  built  a  sod  house,  the  usual  habitation 
of  first  settlers  in  a  country  where  sods  were  plenty  and  lumber  scarce 
and  high.  For  some  time  he  lived  in  this  home  and  still  owns  the  orig- 
inal homestead  upon  which  it  stood,  although  he  has  since  purchased 
eighty  acres  of  land  adjoining  the  first  holding.  Air.  Farrell  engaged  in 
general  farming  and  for  some  years  has  made  a  specialty  of  raising 
Short  Horn  cattle  and  a  high-grade  of  hogs,  lines  in  which  he  has  been 
very  successful,  due  to  his  own  personal  supervision  of  the  farm,  busi- 
ness ability  and  hard  work.  Since  first  locating  in  Kansas  he  has  taken 
an  active  interest  in  all  public  affairs,  having  served  as  township  clerk, 
treasurer  and  trustee,  and  as  trustee  of  the  school  board  for  twenty-nine 
years,  from  1881  to  1910.  In  the  latter  year  he  was  elected  sheriff  of 
Phillips  county  on  the  Democratic  ticket,  a  position  which  he  has  filled 
with  great  credit  to  himself  and  to  the  satisfaction  of  the  men  who 
elected  him  to  office.  Air.  Farrell  is  a  member  of  the  Masonic  order, 
being  a  Knight  Templar.  For  years  he  has  been  a  stanch  adherent  of 
the  Democratic  party  and  has  stood  high  in  its  councils. 

On  November  27,  1884,  he  married  Ellen,  the  daughter  of  P.  C.  S.  and 
Nora  O'Neill  Lowe,  the  former  a  native  of  New  Hampshire  and  the 
latter  of  Ireland.  The  parents  lived  in  Alinnesota  before  coming  to 
Kansas,  and  there  Mrs.  Farrell  was  born,  November  27,  1862.  The  Lowe 
family  were  among  the  pioneer  settlers  of  Leavenworth  county,  Kansas, 
and  from  there  Mr.  Lowe  enlisted  in  the  army  at  the  outbreak  of  the 
Civil  war.  Airs.  Farrell  was  raised  in  Leavenworth,  attending  the  pub- 
lic schools  there  until  1879,  when  the  family  came  to  Phillips  county, 
where  she  taught  school  in  the  country  for  a  time  before  her  marriage. 
The  first  school  house  where  she  taught  was  made  of  sod.  There  are 
two  children  in  the  Farrell  family:  Emmit,  who  has  charge  of  his 
father's  farm,  and  Nora,  who  teaches  in  Phillips  county. 

Ed  C.  Hill,  the  present  efficient  postmaster  at  Burr  Oak,  was  born  in 
Iowa  county,  Wisconsin,  Alay  27,  1859.  He  is  a  son  of  Sylvester  and 
Eliza  (Eillington)  Hill.  Sylvester  Hill  was  a  native  of  Crawford  county, 
Pennsylvania,  and  came  west  with  his  parents  when  a  child.  He  was  a 
son  of  Jonathan  Hill,  who  was  a  native  of  Connecticut,  and  one  of  the 


BIOGRAnilCAL  39 

original  settlers  in  that  portion  of  Ohio  known  as  the  Western  Reserve. 
He  was  the  first  settler  in  what  is  now  Hartsgrove  township,  Lake 
county,  Ohio.  After  a  residence  of  several  years  there  he  went  west  and 
while  on  the  way  to  Iowa  county,  Wisconsin,  he  was  taken  sick,  and  died 
at  Fond  du  Lac,  that  State.  The  family  continued  on  to  Iowa  county, 
where  Sylvester  Hill  resided  for  eighteen  years,  when  he  removed  to 
Fayette  count}',  Iowa,  and  in  1872  came  to  Jewell  county,  Kansas,  with 
his  family,  consisting  of  his  wife  and  five  children,  namely:  Elbridge 
(deceased) ;  W.  R.  (deceased)  ;  Maria,  married  Oscar  Follette,  Fairmont, 
Minn.;  Ed  C,  subject,  and  George  A.,  Smith,  Center.  The  father  and 
motiier  spent  the  remainder  of  their  lives  in  Jewell  county,  where  the 
father  died  in  1898,  aged  seventy-one,  and  the  mother  departed  this  life 
in  1906,  at  a  similar  age.  Sylvester  Hill  served  through  the  Civil  war 
as  a  member  of  Company  .\.  Forty-ninth  regiment,  AVisconsin  volun- 
teer infantry.  When  the  Ilill  family  settled  in  Highland  township, 
Jewell  county,  where  the  father  homesteaded  a  claim,  there  were  very 
few  settlers  in  the  county.  Like  most  of  the  early  comers  they  endured 
many  hardships,  common  to  the  lot  of  the  hardy  pioneers  of  the  times. 
The  plains  abounded  in  large  game,  such  as  buffalo,  deer,  antelope 
and  elk. 

Ed  Hill  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  and  later  took  a  course  in 
bookkeeping.  He  remained  on  the  farm  until  he  was  twenty-one  years 
of  age,  when  he  entered  the  emjjloy  of  Mann  &;  Gilbert,  at  Burr  Oak. 
as  a  clerk,  and  later  became  their  bookkeeper,  remaining  with  them  eight 
years.  He  then  went  to  Esbon,  Jewell  county,  where  he  engaged  in  the 
general  mercantile  business  and  was  appointed  postmaster  during  Presi- 
dent Harrison's  administration.  When  Cleveland  was  elected  Presi- 
dent, Mr.  Hill  resigned  llie  postmastership  at  Esbon  and  returning  to 
Burr  Oak  entered  the  employ  of  Gilbert  Bros.  He  was  with  that  con- 
cern a  little  over  a  year  when  he  resigned  to  close  up  the  affairs  of  his 
brother  who  had  recently  died,  and  who  had  been  in  the  harness  business 
several  years  at  Burr  Oak.  Later  Mr.  Hill  organized  the  Gilbert  Mer- 
cantile Company,  of  that  town.  On  December  24,  1897,  he  was  again 
appointed  postmaster,  this  time  at  Burr  Oak,  and  has  held  that  position 
ever  since,  receiving  his  last  commission  in  the  spring  of  1912.  Mr. 
Hill  was  united  in  marriage,  April  11,  1882,  to  Miss  Margaret  Johnson,  of 
Concordia,  Kan.  They  have  one  son,  William  R.,  assistant  postmaster 
at  Burr  Oak.  Mr.  Hill  has  served  two  terms  as  mayor  of  Burr  Oak  and 
is  a  Republican.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Knights  of  Pythias,  Inde- 
pendent Order  of  Odd  Fellows  and  the  Modern  Woodmen  of  .\mcrica. 
He  is  one  of  the  substantial  and  highly  resi)ecto<l  citizens  of  Jewell 
county. 

Frederick  S.  Macy,  one  of  the  leading  members  of  the  Seward  county 
bar,  who  lives  at  Liberal,  is  a  fine  example  of  the  self-made  men  of  Kan- 
sas who  have  played  such  an  important  part  in  her  development,  and  is 


40  BIOGRAPHICAL 

to  be  congratulated  upon  the  rapidity  with  which  he  has  worked  his  way 
upward  to  a  position  of  confidence  among  the  men  of  his  community  and 
gained  a  reputation  which  leads  to  a  practice  cov-ering  several  States. 
Mr.  Macy  was  born  on  a  farm  in  Randolph  county,  Indiana,  January  17, 
1881,  the  third  son  of  Charles  C.  and  Elizabeth  Stump  Macy.  The  fa- 
ther was  born  in  the  same  county,  March  20,  1857,  the  eldest  son  of  Wil- 
liam P.  and  Dimis  Hoagland  Macy,  also  natives  of  Indiana.  John  Macy, 
the  first  American  ancestor  of  the  family,  was  an  official  in  Cromwell's 
army,  which  defeated  James  11.  of  England.  He  came  to  this  country 
at  an  early  day,  being  one  of  the  original  purchasers  of  the  Island  of 
Nantucket.  John  Winchester  !Macy,  a  great-uncle  of  Frederick,  was  cir- 
cuit judge  of  Randolph  count}-,  Indiana,  for  fifteen  years,  resigning  just 
before  his  death  ;  he  had  served  in  the  Sixtieth  Indiana  regiment  during 
the  Civil  war.  Charles  C.  Macy  had  one  brother  and  six  sisters :  Emma, 
Effie,  Elizabeth,  Rose,  Sallie  and  Lula  (deceased),  and  Edward,  who  is 
an  inventor,  living  in  Beaver  county,  Oklahoma.  Charles  Macy  was  an 
oil  operator  in  western  Ohio  and  eastern  Indiana  for  some  years,  being 
identified  with  the  Standard  Oil  Company  from  1894  to  191 1,  when  he 
removed  to  Bartlesville,  Okla.,  where  he  is  an  oil  and  gas  promoter.  Mr. 
Macy  is  a  Republican  in  politics  and  is  a  member  of  the  Masonic  order. 
In  1874  Mr.  Macy  married  Elizabetli  Stump  at  Farmland,  Ind.,  w^ho  died 
October  3,  1912.  She  was  born  in  Randolph  county,  Indiana.  July  8, 
1S59,  the  daughter  of  William  Stump,  a  farmer,  who  had  two  sons  and 
three  daughters,  one  of  whom,  Laura,  is  the  wife  of  Dr.  Joseph  F.  Bow- 
ers, a  noted  specialist  of  Denver,  Col.  Frederick  Macy's  parents  had 
eight  children :  Walter,  born  August  7,  1879,  is  now  in  business  at  Ma- 
rion, Ohio,  married  Edna  Jones  in  June,  1912;  Claude  C,  born  September 
13,  1880,  is  in  the  oil  business  with  his  father;  Frederick  S. ;  Jessie  Opal, 
born  February  28,  1883,  the  wife  of  Guy  C.  Roush,  an  automobile  dealer 
of  Peoria,  111.;  Hugh  Herman,  born  October  30,  1888,  is  with  his  father; 
Lulu  Emily,  born  March  20,  1892,  teacher,  who  lives  at  home ;  Paul 
Edward,  born  September  20,  1900,  and  Joseph,  born  October  20,  1905. 

Frederick  Macy  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Randolph  coun- 
ty, Indiana,  graduating  from  the  Pennville  High  School  with  the  class 
of  1900.  While  in  school  the  bo}'  worked  at  different  occupations  to  pay 
his  expenses,  as  he  was  ambitious,  and  determined  to  secure  an  education, 
which  he  believed  was  the  best  equipment  for  life.  Subsequently  he 
took  a  normal  course  and  taught  one  year,  but  in  1902  he  came  west, 
locating  at  Cordell,  Okla.,  where  he  attended  the  normal  school  and 
again  taught  a  year.  In  1894  he  settled  in  Beaver  county,  Oklahoma, 
on  Government  land,  and  while  proving  up  his  claim  taught  school  one 
year.  Having  determined  upon  a  professional  career,  Mr.  Macy  began 
to  read  law,  but  in  order  to  make  a  living  he  opened  uj)  the  first  set  of 
abstract  books  in  Beaver  county,  in  1905,  at  Beaver.  A  year  later  he 
sold  his  business  and  removed  to  Liberal,  Kan.,  forming  a  law  partner- 


BIOGRAPHICAL  4I 

ship  with  Charles  R.  Wright,  who  died  December  i8,  1909.  Mr.  Macy 
was  admitted  to  practice  before  the  Department  of  the  Interior,  Wash- 
ington, D.  C,  in  1905,  and  before  the  Supreme  Court  of  Kansas,  January 
23,  1908.  His  practice  has  grown  rapidly,  due  to  his  marked  ability  as 
an  attorney,  and  today  he  practices  in  Kansas,  Oklahoma,  Colorado, 
New  Mexico  and  Texas.  He  has  cases  in  the  Federal  courts  of  Okla- 
homa and  Kansas  and  also  before  the  United  States  Supreme  Court, 
being  admitted  to  practice  before  it  in  January,  1913.  Mr.  Macy  has  a 
large  law  library,  which  i.s  considered  the  best  in  the  Southwest,  and, 
considering  that  he  is  still  a  young  man,  this  is  unusual.  On  June  25, 
1910,  Mr.  Macy  married  jMagdalena.  the  daughter  of  H.  P.  and  Catha- 
rine Phillips  Larrabee,  of  Liberal.  She  was  born  at  Joplin,  Mo.,  Sep- 
tember 30,  1880,  although  her  father  was  a  native  of  Canton,  Ohio.  He 
died  in  1906.  Mrs.  Macy  is  a  brilliant  woman,  being  a  graduate  of  a 
good  business  college,  and  is  thoroughly  proficient  in  stenography.  She 
is  now  the  court  stenographer  of  Texas  county,  Oklahoma,  a  difficult 
position,  which  she  fills  with  merit.  Mrs.  Macy  is  a  typical  example  of 
the  Twentieth  centur}-  business  woman. 

Alexander  G.  Davis  occupies  a  leading  position  in  the  ranks  of  the 
medical  fraternity  of  Phillips  county,  and  is  now  enjoying  a  large  and 
growing  practice  in  Logan  and  the  surrounding  country.  He  was  borr. 
near  St.  Joseph,  in  Buchanan  county,  Missouri,  .August  9,  1869,  the  son  of 
Warren  and  Lsabel  S.  Glenn  Davis,  both  natives  of  Buchanan  county,  his 
grandfathers  having  been  pioneers  of  that  region.  On  the  paternal  side 
of  the  family  the  doctor  is  descended  from  Welsh  and  Scotch  ancestors, 
while  from  his  mother  he  inherits  strains  of  pure  Irish  and  Dutch  blood, 
her  ancestors  Inning  come  from  Holland  and  located  in  Pennsylvania  a! 
an  early  day  and  later  became  known  as  Pennsylvania  Dutch.  W'arrcn 
Davis  was  engaged  in  farming  and  stock  raising  in  Missouri  and  sent  his 
son  to  the  country  schools.  While  still  a  lad  he  determined  to  study 
medicine.  Completing  the  preparatory  schools  when  only  seventeen  he 
entered  Northwestern  Medical  College  at  St.  Joseph,  but  as  the  liw 
required  a  student  of  medicine  to  be  twenty-one  years  old  before  lie 
graduated.  Dr.  Davis  was  required  to  spend  an  extra  year  in  study  before 
the  college  would  confer  upon  him  the  degree  of  Doctor  of  Medicine. 
He  was  of  age  in  August  and  graduated  with  the  class  of  1S90-91.  the 
following  February,  one  of  the  youngest  men  ever  graduated  from  the 
institution.  Soon  after  leaving  college  the  doctor  located  at  .Amazonia, 
Mo.,  opened  an  office  and  remained  there  about  a  year  before  going  to 
St.  Joseph,  where  he  opened  an  office  and  also  engaged  in  the  drug  busi- 
ness in  connection  with  his  practice,  having  a  certificate  of  pha-macy  in 
Missouri.  In  1892  Dr.  Davis  came  to  Logan  as  one  of  the  pioi'cer  phy- 
sicians of  this  region,  and  he  has  been  actively  engaged  in  profcssicual 
work  here  for  over  twenty  years.  \\'hen  he  first  come  to  Phillips  ccunty 
the  countrv  was  still  new;  the  |)eople  lived  far  apart,  which  necessitated 


42  niOGRAPIIICAL 

long  drives  in  visiting  patients,  and  a  doctor  had  to  be  courageons  <'ind 
fearless  to  face  blinding  blizzards  on  the  open  prairies,  or  the  terrible 
heat  of  the  hot  summers.  Many  times  Dr.  Davis  has  been  caPpd  upon 
to  perform  surgical  operations  with  practically  no  hospital  facilities,  hut 
has  had  remarkable  success,  gaining  the  confidence  of  the  people  by  his 
skill  and  care.  He  is  registered  to  practice  in  Kansas,  M's^c  nri  and 
Oklahoma,  having  been  engaged  in  professional  work  in  all  three  States. 
In  1910-11  Dr.  Davis  was  ^appointed  county  health  officer  and  physi- 
cian ;  he  is  now  serving  as  president  of  the  Phillips  County  Medical 
Society.    He  is  a  member  of  the  Masonic  order  and  a  Protestant. 

On  September  14,  1891,  the  doctor  married  Aurora  Belle,  the  daughter 
of  John  H.  and  Martha  Elizabeth  Thomas,  natives  of  Buchanan  county, 
Missouri,  where  the  father  was  engaged  in  farming  and  stock  rais'ng 
until  he  established  a  mercantile  business  at  St.  Joseph,  Mo.  hi  1891  he 
came  to  Kansas  and  settled  at  Logan.  He  now  lives  retired  at  Norton. 
Mr.  Thomas  enlisted  in  the  Union  army  during  the  Civil  war  and  is  now 
a  member  of  the  Grand  Army  of  the  Republic.  Mrs.  Davis  wis  reared 
in  Buchanan  county,  Missouri,  where  she  was  educated  in  the  public 
schools.  There  are  two  children  in  the  Davis  family :  Beulah  Opal,  born 
July  9,  1892,  who  received  her  education  from  the  Logan  schools,  and 
is  now  the  wife  of  Guy  W.  Presnell,  living  at  Portis,  Kan.,  and  Alex- 
ander Paul,  born  July  7,  1902,  attending  school  at  Logan. 

James  W.  Campbell,  farmer,  banker  and  stockman,  of  Dellvale,  Kan., 
and  pioneer  hunter  and  trapper  of  the  West,  was  born  in  Lafayette  coun- 
t3%  Missouri,  November  30,  1848,  son  of  Adam  Campbell  and  Sarah  E. 
(Rankin)  Campbell,  the  former  a  native  of  Kentucky  and  the  'atter  of 
Tennessee.  James  Campbell,  grandfather  of  the  subject,  went  to  Cali- 
fornia before  the  gold  rush  of  1849  and  made  considerable  of  a  fortune  in 
gold  claims.  He  started  home  in  a  boat,  but  becoming  sea  sick  he 
stopped  at  San  Diego  and  bought  Mexican  ponies,  with  which  he  started 
overland.  It  took  him  three  or  four  )-ears  to  get  back  home,  and  when 
he  arrived  he  had  very  little  monej-  left.  However,  he  started  the  ag-va- 
tion  to  go  to  California  and  a  party  started  from  Missouri.  It  was  made 
up  of  his  relatives — grandfather,  father  and  uncles — who  had  been  early 
pioneers  in  Missouri.  They  went  into  winter  quarters  in  Mills  county. 
Iowa.  Here  they  located,  and  the  father  of  our  subject  was  the  second 
settler  to  receive  a  deed  from  the  Council  Bluffs  land  office.  This  was 
about  1852.  In  1865  James  Campbell  became  a  freighter,  driving  an  ox 
team  over  the  plains. 

On  account  of  poor  health  our  subject  came  to  Kansas,  in  July.  1873, 
for  the  purpose  of  buffalo  hunting.  His  health  improved  and  as  '.he 
people  wanted  them  to  locate  here  he  and  his  brother-in-law,  W.  Ennis 
Pack,  put  filing  papers  on  the  southwest  quarter,  section  20,  and  south- 
east quarter,  section  19,  township  3,  range  24.  Mr.  Campbell  and  Mr. 
Pack  filed  on  the  land  now  owned  by  the  former,  and  went  back  to  Iowa 


BIOGRAPHICAL  43 

after  their  families.  The  Campbells  started  from  Iowa  with  three  mules 
and  a  wagon,  but  when  about  forty  miles  from  home  one  mule  went 
lame,  and  after  delaying  a  week  with  it  they  were  obliged  to  drive  on 
with  the  other  two.  The  overland  trip  took  about  four  weeks'  time,  and 
they  reached  their  destination  October  9,  1873. 

Although  Mr.  Campbell  had  been  through  this  country  only  on  a 
buffalo  hunt,  he  never  lost  his  way  a  single  time  and  was  clever  enough 
to  avoid  the  up-hill  pulls  for  his  team  b}-  foJlowmg  the  top  of  the  divide 
from  a  few  miles  west  of  Republican  City.  Xeb.,  to  the  Norton  and  De- 
catur'county  line.  The  night  before  arriving  at  their  claim  they  camped 
in  a  log  house  just  east  of  their  destination.  In  the  morning  Mrs. 
Campbell  remarked  that  someone  lived  near,  as  she  heard  turkeys.  But 
Mr.  Campbell,  know^ing  that  they  were  wild  turkeys,  got  up  and  shot 
several  near  the  house  before  dressing.  His  first  filing  papers  were 
dated  August  i,  1873,  and  he  settled  on  the  southwest  quarter  of  section 
20,  town  3,  range  24.  He  paid  out  on  this  land  and  bought  the  southeast 
quarter  of  section  19,  town  3,  range  24,  which  his  brother-in-law  had 
filed  upon  before  he  went  back  to  Iowa  for  a  visit  with  his  family.  \Vhile 
Mr.  Pack  was  gone  the  grasshoppers  came  and  ate  up  his  crops.  Hearing 
of  this  he  came  from  Iowa  and  took  everything  away,  even  to  the  doors 
and  windows  of  his  sod  house.  Mr.  Campbell  met  him  and  traded  him  a 
cow  in  Iowa  for  his  claim  in  Kansas. 

The  family  lived  in  the  house  where  Mr.  Campbell  shot  the  turke)'s 
until  he  could  build  a  dug-out  on  the  claim.  This  dwelling,  when  com- 
pleted, had  but  one  nail  in  it.  It  was  five  feet  under  ground,  with  side 
logs  and  three  ridge  ])oles,  on  which  was  laid  sticks,  over  which  was 
hay,  then  sod  and  then  fine  dirt.  The  door  was  a  quilt,  .\fter  moving  his 
family  into  it  he  drove  to  a  place  130  miles  away  (ten  miles  east  of  Be- 
loit),  where  he  bought  one  hundred  bushels  of  corn  to  feed  teams  the 
next  summer  while  breaking  prairie.  Having  no  crib  he  stored  the  corn 
under  the  home-made  beds  in  the  dug-out.  After  putting  in  the  corn 
he  drove  120  miles  to  Kearne)',  Xeb.,  where  he  bought  flour  enough  to 
last  a  year.  The  first  year  he  broke  up  sixty-five  acres  of  prairie,  which 
he  planted  to  corn.  After  trading  for  the  claim  of  Mr.  Pack  he  put  a 
timber  file  on  the  northeast  quarter  of  section  30,  town  3,  range  24,  mak- 
ing three-quarters  of  a  section  of  land  joining  together. 

As  a  hunter  Mr.  Campbell  was  noted  from  Kansas  to  New  York.  He 
was  an  accurate  marksman  and  scientific  in  his  methods.  An  old  hunter, 
Gill  Wiley,  who  with  his  wife  ofen  went  hunting  with  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Campbell,  taught  Mr.  Campbell  the  science  of  buffalo  huiiling.  which  is 
to  never  take  them  by  surprise  (not  to  shoot  until  they  have  seen  you), 
shoot  as  many  as  you  can  in  the  abdomen,  which  makes  them  sick,  and 
then  when  others  of  the  herd  drop  back  to  help  the  sick  ones  to  shoot 
them  dead.  In  this  way  the  herd  is  not  stamjiedcd.  Mr.  Cam])bell  has 
often  shot  two  buffaloes  with  one  shot  and  killed  eight  out  of  a  herd  of 


44  BIOGRAPHICAL 

nine.  The  fall  that  he  hiiill  his  dug-out  he  killed  two  buffaloes  on  Long 
Branch,  besides  a  few  antelopes  and  beaver.  They  lived  on  buffalo  meat 
mainly,  and  he  killed  game  for  the  whole  neighborhood.  The  first  sum- 
mer he  was  in  Kansas  he  went  out  on  a  hide  hunt  with  other  parties. 
They  killed  about  200  buffaloes,  from  which  they  took  two  wagon  loads  of 
hides,  which  they  took  to  Wallace  and  sold.  AVallace  was  200  miles 
away.  On  July  i,  about  4  o'clock  in  the  morning,  Mr.  Campbell  left  his 
companions,  John  Humphrey  and  James  Maloney,  at  AVallace  and  started 
for  home  to  attend  the  Fourth  of  July  dance,  traveling  across  the  coun- 
try in  a  northeasterly  direction  alone  and  without  any  roads.  He  "went 
the  whole  200  miles  without  seeing  but  one  person.  He  and  his  wife 
often  went  on  hunting  trips  together,  taking  their  two  babies  with  them, 
and  !Mrs.  Campbell  is  probabh-  the  only  woman  now  living  in  Kansas 
who  has  ever  shot  a  buffalo.  She  was  the  first  person  to  pull  over  and 
hold  down  the  buffalo  now  mounted  in  the  Denver,  Col  ,  museum.  Her 
husband  had  lassoed  him  b}-  both  hind  legs,  but  did  not  dare  trust  his 
horse  to  hold  the  buffalo.  He  was  catching  the  buffalo  for  William  Wil- 
son, of  New  York.  He  was  afraid  of  the  buffalo,  but  cared  for  the  team 
and  babies  till  Mrs.  Campbell  had  tied  the  animal.  They  took  the  hides 
to  Trego  (now  Wamego). 

In  1874  there  was  a  good  prospect  for  corn,  but  the  grasshoppers  took 
everything.  The  first  seed  wheat  cost  $2.00  per  bushel,  and  when  they 
went  to  thresh  they  broke  down  several  times  and  had  to  go  to  Fort 
Leavenworth  for  repairs,  and  it  was  six  months  before  they  finished  the 
job.  In  1876,  Mr.  Campbell  raised  150  acres  of  wheat  and  although  the 
mill  offered  him  $1.35  per  bushel  for  it  he  held  it  for  the  benefit  of  the 
settlers  who  wanted  seed  and  did  not  have  the  nione)'  to  bu\'  it.  To 
them  he  either  sold  it  or  let  it  out  on  shares.  The  next  year  there  was  a 
crop  failure  and  he  did  not  receive  $100  for  the  2,000  bushels  he  let  the 
settlers  have.  In  1877  the  Indians  raided  this  section  and  killed  a  great 
many  people.  In  1878,  Mr.  Campbell  started  a  blacksmith  shop  on  his 
place  and  his  brother  started  a  store.  He  made  over  a  hundred  ploughs, 
but  hard  years  came  on  and  he  did  not  make  anything  on  his  plough  fac- 
tor}'. In  1880  he  went  to  Montana,  renting  his  farm  and  leaving  Mrs. 
Campbell  and  the  children  in  Kansas.  He  remained  in  Montana  about 
eighteen  months,  hunting,  and  working  at  timber  cutting  for  the  mines. 
He  drove  a  fourteen-mule  team  hauling  ore  from  Clancey  to  Wickes 
smelters,  freighted  from  Dillon  to  Bozeman,  and  hauled  7,000  pounds  of 
flour  and  10,000  pounds  of  oats  from  Bozeman  to  Wickes  at  one  load. 
The  flour  cost  at  the  mill  $6.35  per  100,  and  oats  3  cents  a  pound.  L'pon 
his  return  to  Kansas,  in  1881.  his  farm  was  all  grown  to  weeds,  and  he 
bought  an  ox  team  and  ploughed  it  all  summer.  After  this  he  had  several 
good  years  and  raised  as  high  as  seventy-five  bushels  of  corn  to  the  acre. 
In  1877  or  1878  Mr.  Camplaell  began  raising  Chester  White  hogs  along 
with  his  cattle,  and  had  the  largest  drove  of  hogs  in  the  countrj'.     He 


BIOGRAPHICAL  45 

has  always  dealt  in  hop;s  and  cattle  and  has  made  a  specialty  of  Durham 
cattle  and  Poland  China  hogs.  Mr.  Campbell  has  760  acres  of  land  in  his 
ranch,  all  fenced  hog-tight,  and  cross-fenced.  In  1906  he  had  over  i,ooo 
head  of  pigs  in  his  pastures.  His  ranch,  which  is  known  as  the  "Prairie 
Dog  \'alley  Ranch,"  is  one  of  the  finest  in  the  State. 

.\t  the  time  of  the  county  seat  fight  between  Leoti  and  Norton  about 
the  year  1876,  Mr.  Campbell  was  very  active  in  the  contest,  as  he  owned 
an  eighth  interest  in  Leoti.  He  has  always  been  a  leader  in  matters  of 
public  concern,  and  has  helped  to  finance  public  service  institutions,  as 
banks,  electric  light  plants,  power  and  cold  storage  plants,  etc.  He  is  a 
stockholder  in  the  Electric  Light  and  Power  Company,  of  Norton,  and 
in  the  First  National  Bank,  of  that  city.  He  has  not  waited  for  the 
township  to  build  roads  in  his  neighborhood,  but  has  built  them  for  him- 
self, and  has  the  finest  roads  in  the  county.  Lie  donated  the  land  for  the 
school  house,  which  stands  on  his  place.  Mr.  Campbell  was  captain  of 
the  Norton  county  militia,  commissioned  under  Governor  Osborne  at  the 
time  of  the  Indian  scare  in  the  country  ;  has  served  as  township  trustee 
and  member  of  the  school  board  of  his  district ;  has  been  a  member  of 
the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows  in  good  standing  since  1872,  is 
a  member  of  the  Grand  Lodge  and  has  a  gold  medal  for  a  twenty-five- 
year  membership.  In  politics  he  is  a  Democrat.  His  father  and  mother 
are  both  living,  the  former  ninety-two  years  of  age  and  the  latter  eigthy- 
eight.  They  live  with  their  children,  but  have  a  good  farm  in  Norton 
county,  Kansas. 

Mr.  Campbell  was  married  November  29,  1867,  to  Julia  P.  Pack,  daugh- 
ter of  Rufus  and  Jane  (Robinson)  Pack,  the  former  a  native  of  New  York 
anfl  the  latter  of  Michigan.  Mr.  Pack  was  engaged  in  farming  and  stock 
raising.  Mrs.  Campbell  was  born  in  a  "prairie  schooner"  in  Fremont 
county.  Iowa,  and  was  raised  in  Mills  county,  attending  the  common 
schools.  Her  father  was  killed  by  a  mowing  machine  in  Iowa,  and  her 
mother  died  while  in  I 'tali.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Campbell  have  had  four  chil- 
dren :  Marry  Eddie,  born  October  13,  1869,  died  December  12  of  that 
3'ear ;  William  Nelson,  born  June  20,  1871 ;  Rosetta  Ellen,  born  January 
6,  1874,  married  C.  L.  Davis  and  had  one  child,  Ray  E.  Davis,  died  De- 
cember 20,  1894;  Aurora  Bertha,  born  December  25,  1887,  married  LTarry 
Cope  and  lives  in  Norton  county.  They  have  two  children,  Clctus  Leone 
Cope  and  Lyle  Cope. 

Lester  M.  Parker,  a  |)rMniincnt  attorney  of  Oberlin,  and  editor  of  the 
leading  newspaper  in  Decatur  county,  was  born  in  Wyandot  county, 
Ohio,  .\pril  3,  1870,  son  of  E.  L.  and  Martha  (Harvey)  Parker,  natives 
of  Ohio,  where  the  father  of  our  subject  was  engaged  in  farming  and 
stock  raising.  Here  young  Parker  was  reared  and  began  his  early  edu- 
cation, at  the  same  time  assisting  in  the  farm  work.  When  he  was 
sixteen  years  of  age  his  parents  moved  to  Kansas  and  took  a  homestead 
in  Rawlins  county,  two  miles  north  of  the  present  site  of  .\chilles.     The 


46'  BIOGRAPHICAL 

first  Kansas  home  was  a  one-room  sod,  with  dirt  roof  and  floor,  in 
marked  contrast  to  their  nine-room  modern  home  left  in  the  Buckeye 
State.  Lester  broke  eighty  acres  of  sod  with  an  ox  team,  along  with 
other  work  on  the  claim.  The  first  school  he  attended  in  Kansas  stood 
on  the  present  site  of  Achilles,  which,  too,  was  a  soddy.  with  dirt  floor 
and  roof.  The  seats  were  ash  logs  with  wooden  pins  set  in  for  legs,  under 
which  rested  the  books  and  slates. 

After  completing  the  common  school  Mr.  Parker  came  to  Oberlin, 
where  he  entered  the  high  school,  in  1889.  While  here  his  parents  moved 
to  Cheyenne  count}',  Colorado,  and  started  a  stock  ranch.  Our  subject, 
without  funds,  relied  upon  his  own  merits  and  succeeded  in  working  his 
way  through  high  school,  graduating  with  honor  in  the  spring  of  1893. 
The  following  fall  he  began  his  career  as  a  teacher,  as  principal  of 
schools  at  Cheyenne  Wells,  Col.  After  five  years'  success  in  this  school 
and  after  establishing  a  high  school  at  this  place,  he  was  elected  county 
assessor  of  the  county,  and  while  holding  the  position  he  attended  Den- 
ver University  at  Denver,  Col.,  as  a  student  in  the  law  department.  In 
the  organization  of  the  legal  fraternity  of  the  school  Lester  was  selected 
second  choice  of  the  facult}'  as  a  charter  member  of  the  Phi  Delta  Phi 
from  a  large  enrollment  of  students  from  man)'  States.  While  in  college 
he  was  appointed  clerk  of  the  court  by  Judge  Campbell,  who,  a  short 
time  later,  was  made  justice  of  the  Supreme  Court  of  Colorado.  This 
clerkship  Mr.  Parker  held  for  three  years,  when  he  returned  to  Kansas 
and  began  the  practice  of  law,  in  1903.  In  1904  he  was  elected  county 
attorney  of  Decatur  county,  being  reelected  in  1906.  This  was  a  period 
of  "law  enforcement"'  in  the  State  of  Kansas,  and  Mr.  Parker  made  an 
unusual  record.  Of  the  many  criminal  cases  brought  he  never  lost  one 
in  the  district  court,  and  many  of  them  were  hard-fought  cases  for  the 
violation  of  the  prohibitory  liquor  law.  For  the  first  time  in  the  history 
of  the  count}',  jointists  and  bootleggers  were  put  out  of  business.  The 
following  election  he  was  selected  by  his  party  as  a  candidate  for  the 
legislature.  He  ran  far  ahead  of  the  ticket,  but  was  defeated  owing  to 
the  Democratic  landslide  of  that  year. 

After  retiring  from  office  he  formed  a  partnership  with  Judge  Geiger 
and  conducted  a  successful  law  business.  In  1908  a  company  was 
formed  that  bought  the  Oberlin"  "Times"  from  L.  G.  Parker,  and  the 
Times  Publishing  Company  was  formed,  with  our  subject  as  business 
manager.  A  short  time  later  he  bought  out  the  other  stockholders,  and  in 
addition  to  his  law  practice,  he  edits  and  owns  the  Oberlin. "Times."  He  is 
a  member  of  the  executive  committee  of  the  Sons  and  Daughters  of  Jus- 
tice, which  position  he  has  held  since  1909.  He  has  always  been  a  loyal 
Republican,  has  served  his  party  at  various  times  as  secretary  and  chair- 
man of  the  county  central  committee,  and  has  been  honored  by  his  party 
on  several  occasions  as  delegate  to  district  and  State  conventions. 

On  November  30  Mr.  Parker  was  married  to  Ella  Josephine  Colvin, 


BIOGRAPHICAL  47 

daughter  of  II.  D.  and  Frances  (Pelton)  Colvin,  natives  of  Illinois,  where 
Mr.  Colvin  was  engaged  in  farming  and  stock  raising.  The  Colvins 
came  to  Decatur  county  in  1878  and  took  a  homestead  on  Ash  draw,  nine 
miles  southwest  of  Oberlin.  Their  first  home  was  a  one-room  building, 
made  of  native  logs.  In  this  building  Mr.  Colvin  successfully  defended 
his  family  when  surrounded  by  three  hundred  bloodthirsty  warriors 
during  the  murderous  Indian  raid.  After  several  Indians  were  killed  or 
wounded  and  driven  from  the  scene  Mr.  Colvin  loaded  his  family  in  the 
lumber  wagon  and  started  for  Oberlin.  Several  dead  neighbors  were 
picked  up  by  them  on  the  way  and  taken  to  town.  The  next  day  Mr. 
Colvin,  with  a  few  assistants,  went  out  and  gathered  up  the  rest  of  the 
dead,  thirteen  in  all,  and  returned  with  their  bodies  to  town. 

Mrs.  Parker  was  born  in  Cook  county,  Illinois,  June  16,  1872,  and  re- 
ceived her  education  in  the  common  and  high  schools  of  Decatur  county. 
She,  too,  graduated  from  the  high  school,  in  1893,  being  a  classmate  of 
Mr.  Parker.  They  were  married  the  year  following  their  graduation. 
Five  children  have  been  born  to  this  union :  Pearlc  C,  Leslie  T.,  Francis 
M.  (deceased),  Martha  E.  and  Mary  E.  Pearle,  while  staying  with  his 
grandparents,  the  Colvins,  at  St.  Cloud,  Fla.,  graduated  from  the  public 
schools  at  the  head  of  a  large  class,  while  Leslie  is  a  sixth  grader  in 
Oberlin,  Kan.    Martha  is  three  years  of  age  and  Mary,  one. 

Fernando  Wood  Gaunt,  banker,  capitalist,  and  a  leading  representative 
of  the  commercial  and  industrial  interests  of  Alton,  has  not  only  devel- 
oped the  business  interests  of  Osborne  county,  but  of  Smith  and  Phillips 
counties  as  well.  Mr.  Gaunt  represents  the  type  of  men  who  are  play- 
ing an  important  part  in  the  development  of  this  great  State,  for  today 
tiie  conquests  are  not  of  arms,  but  of  business,  of  commercial  prosperity 
and  the  consequent  improvements  in  all  walks  of  life.  The  conqueror  of 
today  is  the  man  who  successfully  establishes,  controls  and  operates  ex- 
tensive commercial  interests,  and  Mr.  Gaunt  has  become  an  important 
factor  in  the  business  life  of  north  central  Kansas.  lie  was  born  on  a 
farm  in  Mercer  county,  Illinois,  December  15.  1863,  the  son  of  Jonathan 
and  Emily  Damp  Gaunt.  The  father  was  born  in  Sheffield,  England, 
February  14,  1839,  being  descended  from  Lord  Gaunt,  of  England.  Jona- 
than Gaunt  came  to  the  United  States  in  1849  a'""^'  located  in  Mercer  coun- 
ty, Illinois,  where  he  engaged  in  farming,  living  very  quietly.  Mr.  Gaunt 
is  a  member  of  the  Masonic  order.  There  were  eight  children  in  the  fam- 
ily, five  of  whom  are  living:  Cicero  B.,  now  in  business  at  Wichita, 
Kan. ;  Lorenzo  D.,  a  lumber  and  grain  merchant  at  Gushing,  Okla. ;  Eliza, 
the  wife  of  Bert  Vannatti,  a  farmer  in  Rock  Island  county.  Illinois:  Al- 
bert, a  farmer  of  Mercer  county.  Illinois,  and  Fernando  W..  who  was  edu- 
cated in  the  public  schools  of  Mercer  county  and  at  the  International 
Business  College,  of  Davenport,  Iowa,  where  he  graduated  in  1885. 

After  a  short  time  at  home  Mr.  Gaunt  came  to  Kansas,  locating  in 
Warwick,  where  he  was  engaged  as  a  bookkeeper  in  a  grain  office.    A 


48  BIOGRArUICAL 

3-ear  later  he  left  Warwick  for  Alton  to  become  the  manager  of  an  ele- 
vator, and  three  years  later  bought  an  interest  in  the  firm,  which  became 
known  as  F.  W.  Gaunt  &  Company,  of  Alton.  In  1905  the  firm  was 
incorporated  under  the  name  of  the  F.  W.  Gaunt  Grain  Company,  with 
elevators  in  Alton,  Kirwin  and  Claudell.  Mr.  Gaunt  is  the  dominating 
factor  in  the  concern,  which  he  has  practically  built  up  himself.  As  early 
as  1893  Mr.  Gaunt  began  to  branch  out  and  in  that  year  organized  the 
F.  \\'.  Gaunt  Lumber  Company,  of  Alton,  of  which  he  is  the  secretary, 
treasurer  and  manager.  In  April,  1906,  he  organized  the  Gaunt  Imple- 
ment Company,  of  Kirwin,  Kan.,  which  he  still  owns  and  manages. 
From  first  locating  in  this  State,  Mr.  Gaunt  has  been  interested  in  all  im- 
provements for  his  community  and  was  interested  in  the  first  and  only 
telephone  system  established  in  Alton,  December  6,  1900.  Mr.  Gaunt  has 
believed  in  the  future  of  Kansas  land  and  is  the  owner  of  several  well  im-' 
proved  farms  in  Osborne  county.  On  April  2,  1912,  Mr.  Gaunt  became 
the  president  of  the  First  State  Rank  of  Alton,  in  which  he  had  been 
interested  for  several  years.  In  this  banking  business  Mr.  Gaunt  is 
carrying  on  the  same  conservative  policy  which  he  applied  to  his  busi- 
ness, and  today  has  the  confidence,  not  only  of  the  community  in  which 
he  lives,  but  of  the  surrounding  country.  He  is  popular,  personally,  has 
a  host  of  friends  and  supporters,  who  believe  in  his  word  as  in  his  bond. 
Politically,  Mr.  Gaunt  is  a  Democrat,  but  has  never  sought  public  office, 
other  than  as  mayor  of  Alton,  an  office  which  he  has  filled  wnth  merit 
ten  years.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Masonic  order,  and  today  owns  one 
of  the  modern  homes  of  Alton,  Osborne  county.  On  November  9,  1890, 
Mr.  Gaunt  married  Stella  E.,  the  daughter  of  Jacob  O.  and  Caroline  M. 
Job  Franks.  Mrs.  Gaunt  was  born  at  Shreve,  Ohio,  March  22,  1871,  and 
accompanied  her  parents  v\dien  they  came  to  Kansas,  in  1881.  Mr. 
Franks  was  a  farmer  and  stockman,  who  died  in  Sulphur,  Iowa,  in  1901, 
where  his  widow  still  resides.  There  are  four  charming  girls  in  the  Gaunt 
family:  Marvel,  born  .Vugust  11.  1891.  now  the  wife  of  Frank  R.  Wil- 
liams; Marjorie,  born  January  24,  1902,  and  Marie  and  Madge,  twins, 
born  February  16,  1908. 

Frank  Pitts  MacLennan,  editor  and  proprietor  of  the  Topeka  "State 
Journal,"  and  one  of  the  best  known  newspaper  men  in  Kansas,  is  a 
native  of  the  T'.uckeye  State,  born  in  Springfield,  Ohio,  March  i,  1855. 
He  began  his  business  career  in  his  native  town  by  carrying  papers,  and 
his  early  association  with  the  press  in  this  humble  capacity  doubtless 
had  some  influence  in  shaping  his  subsequent  career.  In  1870  his  par- 
ents, Kenneth  and  Adelia  M.  (Bliss)  MacLennan,  removed  to  Kansas 
and  settled  in  Lyon  county.  After  a  thorough  preparation  he  entered  the 
University  of  Kansas,  at  Lawrence,  and  in  1875  received  the  degree 
of  Bachelor  of  Science  from  that  institution,  and  the  degree  of  Master 
of  Science  about  a  dozen  years  later.  His  active  work  as  a  newspaper 
man  began  with  the  Em])oria  "News,"  in  1877,  where  he  was  employed 


BIOGRAPHICAL  49 

as  mailer,  bookkeeper,  clerk,  reporter,  and  all-round  utility  man.  Me 
remained  with  the  "News"  for  several  years,  becoming  associate  editor 
and  business  manager.  On  March  i,  i88o,  he  acquired  a  proprietary 
interest  in  the  paper,  which  interest  he  held  for  five  years,  when  he 
learned  that  the  Topcka  "State  Journal"  was  ordered  to  be  sold  by  the 
receivers.  He  disposed  of  his  interest  in  the  "News,"  and  failing  to  se- 
cure the  "State  Journal"  property  at  private  sale,  bought  the  paper  at 
auction,  assuming  control  on  October  30,  1883.  -'^t  that  time  the  entire 
circulation  of  the  "State  Journal"  was  about  800  copies  daily.  Within  five 
years,  through  his  diligence  and  executive  ability,  the  circulation  was 
more  than  ten  times  that  number.  With  an  optimism  born  of  confidence 
in  his  ability,  he  recently  acquired  three  additional  lots  adjoining  the 
"State  Journal"  building  on  the  south,  with  the  view  of  erecting  a  new 
building  thereon  whenever  the  paper  should  outgrow  its  old  quarters 
at  the  southeast  corner  of  Eighth  street  and  Kansas  avenue.  His  hope 
has  been  realized,  and  early  in  1912  plans  for  the  new  building  were 
completed.  When  the  new  quarters  are  ready  for  occupancy,  Mr. 
MacLennan  will  have  one  of  the  most  modern  and  best  equipped  news- 
paper plants  in  the  Middle  West.  Concerning  the  "State  Journal"  a 
recent  writer  saj's :  "It  is  all  his  and  it  is  all  clear,  and  if  he  keeps  up 
for  twenty  years  longer  he  will  be  independently  rich,  because  he  works 
hard  and  pays  as  he  goes,  stands  by  his  friends  through  thick  and  thin, 
and  does  not  lie  or  steal.  If  any  boy  will  follow  these  rules  he  can  be 
decently  well-to-do,  but  he  will  find  that  it  is  rather  a  harder  job  than  it 
looks." 

The  job  may  have  looked  hard  to  Mr.  MacLennan,  but  if  so  he  has 
never  shown  evidences  of  being  discouraged.  Industry  and  determina- 
tion are  his  chief  characteristics,  and  by  the  exercise  of  these  traits 
he  has  overcome  obstacles  that  to  a  weaker  nature  might  have  seemed 
insurmountable.  It  may  be  said  that  he  has  had  the  financial  support  of 
wealthy  friends  in  emergencies,  but  it  must  be  remembered  that  men 
of  high  financial  standing  do  not  give  support  to  the  unwortliy,  and  the 
friends  who  extended  aid  to  him  when  he  needed  it  did  so  with  full 
confidence  in  his  ability  and  integrity,  knowing  the  loan  would  be 
appreciated  and  repaid.  In  1903  Mr.  MacLennan  visited  Europe  and 
while  on  his  trip  wrote  a  series  of  letters  for  his  paper.  These  letters 
were  published  under  the  caption  of  "Five  Weeks  Abroad"  and  were 
widely  read.  With  the  true  journalistic  instinct  he  saw  many  things 
that  would  have  been  overlooked  by  the  average  tourist,  hence  his  let- 
ters contained  many  interesting  facts  and  much  valuable  information 
not  to  be  found  in  ordinary  letters  or  books  of  travel. 

On  May  29.  1890,  Mr.  MacLennan  married  Mi.ss  .Anna  Goddard.  of 
Emporia,  Kan.,  and  they  have  one  daughter,  Mary,  one  of  the  popular 
and  accompli.'^hed  young  ladies  of  Topeka.  Mrs.  MacLennan  is  an 
intellectual,  cultured  woman,  thoughtful  and  considerate  of  the  welfare 


50  BIOGRAPHICAL 

of  Others,  and  her  home  is  the  popular  center  of  a  large  circle  of  friends. 
In  addition  to  his  property  in  the  clt_v,  Mr.  MacLennan  is  the  owner  of 
a  farm  of  lOO  acres  on  "Martin's  Hill,"  six  miles  west  of  the  city  of  To- 
peka.  On  this  farm,  which  is  known  as  "Cedarcrest,"  he  spends  a  great 
deal  of  his  time  during  the  summer  months  and  entertains  his  friends  at 
all  seasons  of  the  )'ear.  Here  he  keeps  cows,  giving  his  family  a  supply 
of  pure  milk,  cream  and  butter,  raises  poultry  and  vegetables,  and  finds 
relaxation  from  the  busy  cares  of  the  city.  On  the  farm  is  a  tract  of 
twenty-five  acres  of  timber,  and  he  has  constructed  a  fish-pond  of  two 
acres  in  extent,  where  he  raises  some  fine  bass.  Walt  Mason,  the  Em- 
poria poet,  recently  made  "Cedarcrest"  the  subject  of  one  of  his  rhymes, 
to-wit : 

"The  sun  was  rising  in  the  west,  and  shed  its  beams  on  Cedarcrest, 
where  pensive  goat  and  sportive  cow  were  perched  upon  the  cedar 
bough.  There  Frank  MacLennan  watched  his  flocks,  and  slugged  the 
gentle  sheep  with  rocks,  and  drove  his  hens  to  lakelet's  brim,  that  they 
might  dive,  and  bathe  and  swim.  The  pigs  were  climbing  elms  and  firs, 
the  hired  man  gathered  cockleburs ;  a  doctor  passed  on  horse's  back  and 
all  the  ducks  called  loudly :  'Quack !'  The  fruit-tree  agent  asked  to 
stay  all  night;  the  horses  whinnied  'Neigh!'  Peace  hovered  o'er  the 
prairied  wide ;  the  cattle  lowed,  the  horses  highed ;  and  sounded  through 
the  village  smoke,  the  bark  of  watchdog,  elm  and  oak.  And  he  who  owned 
these  rustic  scenes  had  seeded  down  his  farm  to  beans." 

Politically,  Mr.  ^[acLennan  classes  himself  as  an  independent  Repub- 
lican, and  along  those  lines  he  has  made  the  "State  Journal''  a  power 
for  good  in  the  political  affairs  of  the  State.  Notwithstanding  he  is 
a  busy  man  in  connection  with  his  private  business,  he  has  found  time  to 
devote  to  the  commonwealth  and  to  the  upbuilding  of  his  adopted  city. 
He  is  vice-president  of  the  Associated  Press ;  is  a  member  of  the  Adver- 
tising Commercial,  Topeka  and  Country  clubs:  president  of  the  Satur- 
day Night  Club  and  belongs  to  the  Beta  Theta  Pi  college  fraternity. 
One  who  knows  him  well  has  this  to  say  of  his  general  character :  "Per- 
sonally Frank  MacLennan  is  one  of  the  warmest-hearted  men  in  the 
world.  In  sickness,  disaster,  distress  or  death,  the  man  who  works  on 
the  "State  Journal"  is  the  recipient  of  substantial  assistance  when  neces- 
sary, and  at  all  times  the  subject  of  quiet,  kindly  interest." 

Perry  Hutchinson. — To  the  miller  of  Kansas  the  name  of  Perry 
Hutchinson  is  as  familiar  as  that  of  George  A\"ashington  to  the  school 
boy.  His  is  the  distinction  of  having  built  the  first  flour  mill  in  the 
State  of  Kansas  west  of  the  Missouri  river,  and  of  having  milled  the 
first  roller  process  flour  in  the  State.  A  resident  of  Marysville  since  1859, 
he  has  been  an  active  participant  in  practically  every  phase  of  her  de- 
velopment. He  is  one  of  the  distinctively  representative  men  of  Kansas, 
and  although  in  his  eightieth  year  his  mental  and  physical  vigor  is  that 
of  the  average  man  of  sixty,  and  he  still  manages  in  person  his  large  and 


BIOGRAPHICAL  5I 

varied  interests.  He  is  president  of  the  First  National  Bank  of  Marys- 
ville,  is  Marshall  county's  largest  cattle  feeder  and  operates  one  of  the 
finest  farms  in  the  State.  Perry  Hutchinson  is  a  native  of  the  Empire 
State  and  was  born  at  Fredonia,  Chautauqua  county,  December  2,  1831, 
a  son  of  Calvin  and  Sophia  (Perry)  Hutchinson.  His  ancestors,  maternal 
and  paternal,  were  among  the  early  settlers  of  America,  and  numbered 
among  them  all  men  who  have  achieved  distinction  in  the  town,  State 
and  Nation.  Elijah  Hutchinson,  grandfather  of  Perry,  and  a  cousin  of 
Governor  Hutchinson,  of  Massachusetts,  was  a  pioneer  settler  of  Che- 
nango county.  New  York,  and  there  was  born  his  son,  Calvin.  Sophia 
Perry  was  a  daughter  of  Col.  Sullivan  Perry,  who  in  1812  was  in  com- 
mand of  an  American  ship  of  war  which  sunk  a  Piritish  vessel  off  Dun- 
kirk, N.  Y.  Colonel  Perry  was  a  first  cousin  of  Commodore  Perry,  who 
won  the  famous  naval  victorv  at  Put-in-Bay,  Lake  Erie,  in  the  War 
of  1812. 

Perry  Hutchinson  was  reared  on  his  father's  farm  and  attended  the 
public  schools,  and  later  the  Fredonia  .\cademy.  On  attaining  his  ma- 
jority, in  1852,  he  sought  an  opportunity  to  gain  his  fortune  in  the 
West.  He  journeyed  to  Wisconsin  and  secured  employment  with  the 
logging  firm  of  McAdoo  &  Schuter,  one  of  the  largest  operators  of  that 
time.  Pie  was  soon  made  foreman  of  their  rafting  crew,  a  position  of 
importance,  requiring  nerve,  the  ability  to  handle  men,  and  iniative. 
He  drove  several  large  rafts  of  logs  from  the  Wisconsin  river  to  St. 
Louis  and  concluded  the  marketing  as  well,  drawing  a  salary  of  $8  per 
da}'.  When  winter  made  driving  on  the  river  impossible  he  returned 
to  his  old  home  in  New  York,  where  he  remained  until  the  spring  of 
1853,  when  he  went  west  to  Iowa  and  purchased  a  farm  in  Linn  county, 
near  Cedar  Rapids,  and  engaged  in  farming.  In  1857  he  built,  in  Vin- 
ton county,  a  saw  and  flour  mill,  which  he  operated  successfully  until 
1859,  when,  through  the  defalcation  of  a  partner,  he  was  forced  to  give 
up  his  entire  propert,v  to  satisfy  creditors  of  the  firm.  He  purchased, 
on  credit,  a  pair  of  horses  and  a  wagon  and,  with  his  wife  and  children, 
came  to  Kansas.  He  reached  Marysvillc,  Marshall  county,  October  3, 
1859,  and  secured  employment  as  a  harvest  hand.  He  found  time  to  fill 
his  larder  with  buffalo  meat,  his  family's  chief  article  of  diet  for  about 
five  months,  tea,  coffee  and  sugar  being  unknown  to  them.  The  following 
year  he  took  a  claim,  seven  miles  east  of  Marysville,  and  on  it  built 
a  small  cabin,  which  he  utilized  as  a  hotel  and  stage  stop.  While  here 
he  made  the  acquaintance  of  the  superintendent  of  the  Holliday  Stage 
Line,  a  Mr.  Lewis,  and  through  him  secured  the  lease  of  the  Barrett 
House  at  Marysville  and  funds  to  operate  it.  In  July,  1862,  he  organ- 
ized Company  E,  Thirteenth  Kansas  infantry,  and  was  elected  its  captain. 
The  company  was  mustered  into  service  at  .Atchison  in  .August,  1862. 
Captain  Hutchinson  served  until  the  fall  of  1863,  when  he  received  his 
discharge  on  account  of  illness.     In  the  spring  of  1864  he  secured  the 


52  BIOGRAPHICAL 

water  power  rights  on  Blue  river,  one  and  one-half  miles  west  of 
Marysville.  There  he  built  a  sawmill  and  in  it  was  sawed  all  the  lum- 
ber used  in  the  building  the  stations  of  the  Holliday  Stage  Line,  between 
Marysville  and  Denver.  Tn  the  fall  of  the  same  year  he  built,  opposite 
his  sawmill,  the  first  flour  mill  to  be  erected  west  of  the  Missouri  river. 
His  product  was  sold  as  far  east  as  Lawrence  and  wheat  was  brought 
by  the  growers  for  a  radius  of  150  miles.  His  first  step  toward  the 
accumulation  of  a  fortune  occurred  through  his  securing  from  Strickler 
&  Streator,  railroad  contractors  of  Junction  City,  a  contract  to  supply 
their  camps  with  flour.  He  was  the  successful  bidder,  at  S7.75  per  sack 
of  ninety-eight  pounds,  twelve  other  firms  contesting.  This  contract 
covered  the  flour  used  by  Strickler  &  Streator  while  building  the  l^'nion 
Pacific  railroad  from  Junction  City  to  Denver,  and  from  it  Mr.  Hutch- 
inson realized  a  net  profit  of  about  $25,000.  In  1881  the  mill  was  com- 
pletely remodeled  and  rolls  were  installed,  the  first  mill  in  Kansas  to 
be  so  equipped.  For  nearly  fifty  years  the  Hutchinson  mill  has  been 
operated  by  one  man  and  its  products  are  known  for  the  high  standard 
maintained.  For  many  years  the  output  has  been  sold  principally  to 
the  large  baking  concerns,  St.  Louis  being  the  chief  market,  and  a  busi- 
ness totaling  $400,000  per  annum  is  done.  In  1880  Mr.  Hutchinson 
became  interested  in  banking.  He  was  one  of  the  founders  of  the 
Marshall  County  Bank,  which  was  succeeded,  in  1882,  by  the  First  Na- 
tional Bank  of  IMarysville,  of  which  J.  A.  Smalley,  Samuel  A.  and  Edgar 
R.  Futon  and  himself  were  the  principal  organizers.  He  became  presi- 
dent of  the  institution,  in  1893,  and  has  remained  in  that  position  since. 
The  bank  is  the  leading  financial  institution  of  Marshall  county.  It  has 
a  capital  of  $75,000,  an  earned  surplus  of  $50,000,  undivided  profits  of 
$20,000,  and  average  deposits  of  $450,000.  While  not  an  active  execu- 
tive in  the  administration  of  the  business  of  this  institution,  Mr.  Hutchin- 
son is  favorably  known  to  the  banking  fraternity.  He  is  recognized 
as  an  able  and  discriminating  financier  and  his  connection  with  a  finan- 
cial institution  is  a  guaranty  of  safe,  sane  and  conservative  manage- 
ment. He  has  purchased  from  time  to  time  several  tracts  of  the  choicest 
farm  land  in  Marshall  county,  which  he  operates  personally,  and  in 
this  work  finds  his  recreation.  He  is  the  most  extensive  cattle  feeder 
in  the  county  and  his  600-acre  farm  near  his  mill  site  is  one  of  the  best 
examples  of  scientific  agriculture  to  be  found  in  the  State.  His  political 
allegiance  has  been  given  to  the  Republican  party.  He  was  elected 
to  the  State  senate  in  1880  and  served  with  honor  and  distinction.  He 
was  a  member  of  the  committee  on  ways  and  means  and  was  chairman 
of  that  on  State  institutions.  He  was  appointed,  in  1876,  by  Governor 
Martin  one  of  a  committee  of  three,  which  included  the  late  Eugene 
Ware,  to  represent  Kansas  at  the  Centennial  Jubilee,  held  in  New  York 
City.  He  was  a  delegate  to  the  Republican  National  conventions  which 
nominated  James '.\.  Garfield  and  Tames  G.  Blaine  for  the  Presidencv. 


BIOGRAPHICAL  53 

He  has  attained  the  Knight  Templar  degree  in  Masonry,  and  is  the  nestor 
of  the  Kansas  Millers'  Association. 

Mr.  Hutchinson  was  married  December  19,  1855,  to  Miss  Lydia  Jean- 
nette,  daughter  of  Champlin  Barber,  a  farmer  of  Chautauqua  county,  New 
York.  They  are  the  parents  of  three  children  :  Frank  W".  is  a  retired 
merchant  at  Marysville ;  Wallace  W.  is  superintendent  of  the  Hutchin- 
son mill,  and  Etta  Viola  is  the  wife  of  Harry  Koetch,  of  Sturges,  S.  D. 
Mr.  Hutchinson  is  a  high  type  of  the  virile,  active  American,  diligent 
in  his  duties  and  commercial  affairs  and  conscientious  in  all  things. 
At  the  age  of  eighty,  with  mental  and  physical  powers  practically  unim- 
paired, he  is  one  of  the  sturdy  figures  which  span  the  time  from  the 
pioneer  days  of  the  State  to  those  of  the  present — from  the  days  of  the 
Indian  and  the  buffalo  to  those  of  the  automobile  and  airship — and  is 
still  on  the  firing  land  and  in  command.  He  has  been  a  tireless  and 
ambitious  worker  and  has  realized  a  large  and  substantial  success  b} 
methods  clean,  capable  and  honest.  His  accumulations  represent  th< 
pluck,  energy  and  brain  of  a  man  who  has  been  able  to  know  the 
knock  of  opportunity  and  avail  himself  of  it.  The  writer  is  persuaded 
to  believe  that  northern  Kansas  does  not  possess  a  man  who  can  claim 
as  many  sincere  friendships  or  whose  reputation  for  honesty,  honor 
able  living  and  broadness  of  mind  and  heart  will  exceed  that  of  Perr' 
Hutchinson. 

George  B.  Crandall,  Jewell,  Kan. — When  Mr.  Crandall.  whose  namo 
introduces  this  sketch,  came  to  Kansas,  in  1869,  the  central  and  western 
parts  of  the  State  were  practically  as  the  hand  of  the  Creator  had  left 
them.  Man,  except  as  a  scout  and  hunter,  had  made  few  imprints  upon 
this  vast  field  of  nature,  lying  along  the  border  of  civilization.  The 
conditions  that  existed  at  that  time,  as  compared  with  those  of  today,  are 
almost  beyond  the  comprehension  of  the  student  of  local  history.  The 
men  who  pushed  forward  into  the  borderland  reclaimed  the  prairie  and 
made  Kansas  what  it  is  today  were  made  of  the  right  kind  of  material. 
George  B.  Crandall  has  earned  a  rating  in  that  class.  He  was  born  at 
Perry,  Wyoming  county.  New  York,  November  17,  1841,  and  is  a  son  of 
Peter  and  Lucretia  (Bullock)  Crandall,  natives  of  eastern  New  York 
and  of  New  England  ancestry.  In  1858  the  Crandall  family  removed 
from  Wyoming  county,  New  York,  to  Van  Buren  county.  Michigan,  and 
afterwards  removed  to  St.  Joseph  county,  Michigan,  where  the  father 
died  at  the  age  of  eighty-three.  The  mother  died  in  Van  Buren 
county,  Michigan.  They  were  the  parents  of  four  children,  viz.:  Ro- 
mclia  married  Silas  M.  Rawson,  Wyoming  county,  New  York,  both 
now  deceased;  Leonard  resides  at  Paw  Paw,  Mich.;  Alferd.  Mendon, 
Mich.,  and  George  B.  Young  Crandall  remained  at  home  with  his  par- 
ents, leading  the  peaceful  life  of  the  average  country  boy,  until  the  great 
Civil  war  had  become  a  stern  reality.  Then  in  answer  to  his  country's 
call,  he  enlisted  in  Company  D,  Nineteenth  regiment.  Michigan  volun- 


54  BIOGRAPHICAL 

teer  infantry,  which  was  assigned  to  the  Army  of  the  Cumberland.  They 
did  service  in  the  western  campaigns  in  Kentucky  and  Tennessee,  and 
at  the  organization  of  the  army  preparatory  to  Sherman's  march  to 
the  sea  this  regiment  was  assigned  to  the  Twentieth  army  corps,  tak- 
ing part  in  that  memorable  military  expedition,  during  which  time  they 
were  under  almost  constant  fire  for  weeks  at  a  time.  Mr.  Crandall 
was  twice  taken  prisoner  during  his  period  of  military  service,  but  on 
both  occasions  had  plenty  of  good  company,  which  might  have  had  a 
tendency  to  relieve  the  gloom  of  the  situation.  At  Thompson  Station, 
Tenn.,  his  entire  brigade  was  captured  at  the  close  of  a  desperate  engage- 
ment after  their  ammunition  was  exhausted.  They  were  taken  to  Libby 
military  prison,  but  were  exchanged  in  about  a  month.  His  next  misfor- 
tune of  war  happened  while  his  company  was  engaged  in  guarding  a 
bridge  across  Stone  river.  After  a  fierce  fight,  in  which  this  one  com- 
pany held  out  against  General  Wheeler's  command,  they  were  finally 
taken  prisoners,  but  were  held  only  a  few  hours  after  being  disarmed  and 
plundered.  At  the  close  of  Sherman's  march  to  the  sea  the  command  to 
which  Mr.  Crandall  was  attached  proceeded  through  the  Carolinas  and 
to  Washington  and  took  part  in  the  grand  review.  At  the  close  of  the 
war  Mr.'  Crandall  returned  to  his  Michigan  home  very  much  impaired 
in  health,  and  for  years  was  a  physical  wreck.  In  1860  he  came  to 
Manhattan,  Ivan.,  where  he  secured  employment  in  a  drug  store  as 
clerk  for  Dr.  Whitehorn,  having  had  previous  experience  in  that  line. 
He  soon  became  a  partner  in  the  business  and  remained  there  until  1872, 
when  he  came  to  Jewell  county  and  located  at  Jewell  City,  which  was 
still  new.  There  were  not  more  than  a  dozen  buildings  on  the  town  site. 
Mr.  Crandall  had  previously  located  a  homestead  just  west  of  the  town 
site,  which  he  still  owns.  He  opened  a  drug  store  in  a  small  frame  build- 
ing on  the  west  side  of  the  square  with  a  sjnall  stock  of  drugs.  This 
was  the  first  drug  store  in  Jewell  City.  Shortly  after  he  began  business 
here  his  stock  was  nearly  all  destroyed  by  a  cyclone,  but  he  replenished 
it  and  started  again.  His  business  continued  to  grow  and  he  prospered, 
and  in  a  short  time  built  a  larger  store.  Later,  when  the  business  dis- 
trict began  to  move  eastward,  he  bought  property  and  moved  on  the 
east  side  of  the  square,  where  the  Crandall  drug  store  is  now  located. 
Here  he  continued  to  carry  on  business  until  1907,  when  he  sold  out  to 
his  son,  Aretas,  and  L.  J.  Schmitt,  who  now  conduct  the  business. 

Mr.  Crandall  was  married.  May  i,  1871.  to  Miss  Mary  C.  Barker.  They 
have  two  children.  Caroline  married  William  A.  Pierce,  now  deceased. 
She  resides  at  Jewell.  The  second  child,  Aretas,  succeeded  his  father  in 
business,  as  above  mentioned.  He  married  Miss  Bertha  Cheney,  of  Jewell 
City,  a  daughter  of  \\'il!iam  Cheney,  a  prominent  merchant  of  Jewell 
City  and  a  member  of  the  firm  of  J.  D.  Robertson  Mercantile  Com- 
pany. Mary  C.  Barker  was  born  in  Lovell,  Ale.,  and  is  a  daughter  of 
Col.  Elden  and  Caroline  E.  (Little)  Barker,  natives  of  Maine.    The  Bar- 


BIOGRAPHICAL  55 

ker  famih-  came  to  Manhattan,  Kan.,  from  Norway,  Me.,  in  1869,  and 
Colonel  Barker  and  wife  were  among  the  pioneer  settlers  of  Jewell  coun- 
ty, having  located  on  a  homestead  near  Jewell  City  in  1870.  They  were 
the  parents  of  eleven  children.  Colonel  Barker  was  a  surveyor  and  was 
engaged  on  the  construction  of  the  Missouri,  Kansas  &  Texas  railroad, 
and  also  did  considerable  surveying  after  coming  to  Jewell  county.  He 
was  elected  to  the  State  senate  in  1872,  the  first  State  senritor  from  the 
county.  He  was  a  notary  public  and  administered  the  official  oath  to  the 
first  set  of  county  officers  of  Jewell  county.  He  died  July  8,  1896,  aged 
eighty  years,  and  his  wife  departed  this  life  March  22,  1908,  at  the  ripe  old 
age  of  eigty-four.  George  B.  Crandall  is  one  of  the  substantial  men  of 
business  affairs  of  central  Kansas.  The  mere  fact  that  he  has  sold  his 
drug  business  does  not  mean  that  he  has  ceased  to  have  business  inter- 
ests. He  is  president  of  the  Jewell  Lumber  Company,  of  which  he  is  the 
heaviest  stockholder;  director  in  the  Jewell  County  Telephone  Company; 
vice-president  and  director  in  the  First  National  Bank  of  Jewell,  and  he 
is  extensively  interested  in  Kansas  land,  owning  several  hundred  acres. 
He  is  public  spirited  and  takes  a  keen  interest  in  the  welfare  of  the  com- 
munity where  he  resides.  During  the  last  five  years  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Crand- 
dall  have  spent  a  great  deal  of  time  in  travel,  spending  their  winters  in 
Florida  and  California.  He  is  a  member  of  the  S.  R.  Deach  post.  Grand 
Army  of  the  Republic,  of  which  he  is  past  commander.  He  is  also  a 
member  of  the  Ancient  Order  of  L'nited  Workmen.  Politically  he  has 
always  been  a  Republican,  but  has  never  aspired  to  hold  office. 

John  O'Laughlin,  of  Lakin.  Kan.,  was  born  in  County  Clare,  Ireland, 
June  24,  1842,  son  of  Peter  and  Margaret  (Considine)  O'Laughlin. 
Peter  O'Laughlin  died  in  Ireland  about  1846.  He  and  Mrs.  O'Laughlin 
were  the  parents  of  four  sons  and  one  daughter — Michael,  Bridget,  John, 
Peter  and  Thomas.  Peter  and  Bridget  died  in  Ireland.  The  other  chil- 
dren came  with  their  mother  to  America  in  1850,  locating  at  Dubuque, 
Iowa.  In  1858  John  went  to  Minnesota,  where  he  drove  a  team  for  one 
year,  and  then  removed  to  St.  Joseph,  Mo.,  and  followed  the  same  occu- 
pation until  1861,  when  he  came  to  Jefferson  county,  Missouri.  Here 
he  worked  on  a  farm  and  was  also  in  the  employ  of  the  Government 
as  teamster  in  the  department  of  quartermaster  at  Fort  Leavenworth, 
and  was  wagonmasler  for  eight  years.  He  left  the  Government  service 
at  Fort  Hays,  Kan.,  December  i,  1869.  While  doing  this  work  he  was  in 
many  important  frontier  expeditions  and  had  many  interesting  expe- 
riences as  well  as  meeting  with  many  hardships.  He  often  lived  on 
buffalo  meat  and  killed  a  great  many  of  these  animals.  In  December, 
1869,  he  opened  a  trading  post  on  the  military  road  between  Fort  Dodge 
and  Fort  Hays,  doing  business  with  soldiers,  buffalo  hunters  and  freight- 
ers. During  the  two  years  which  he  operated  this  store  he  handled  a 
great  deal  of  business,  but  closed  out  when  the  Santa  Fe  railroad  was 
iDuilt  through  that  part  of  the  country,  in  1872.     He  then  went  to  Dodge 


56  BIOGRAPHICAL 

« 

City,  where  he  opened  a  boarding  house.  The  next  year  he  removed  to 
Lakin,  just  after  the  Santa  Fe  road  had  been  completed  to  that  point.  In 
a  dug-out  he  opened  the  first  store  in  town.  For  six  years  he  traded  with 
buffalo  hunters,  freighters  and  plainsmen.  The  same  business  is  now 
owned  by  his  sons,  W.  D.  and  J.  C.  O'Laughlin.  Mr.  O'Laughlin  owns 
much  valuable  city  property  in  Lakin  and  a  number  of  well  improved 
alfalfa  farms  in  the  Arkansas  valley.  He  is  the  pioneer  citizen  of  Kearney 
county,  wealthy,  and  prominent  as  a  Catholic. 

February  5,  1882,  his  marriage  to  Miss  Mary  Farrell,  daughter  of  Den- 
nis and  Bridget  (Gogerty)  Farrell,  took  place.  She  is  a  cultured  woman, 
born  of  Irish  parents  at  Xenia,  Ohio,  May  14,  i860.  Her  father  died 
January  5,  1910,  at  Wilson,  Kan.,  where  her  mother  still  lives.  Seven 
children  were  born  of  this  union  :  Margaret  B.,  born  September  27,  1883, 
is  single  and  lives  at  home;  William  D.,  born  February  3,  1885,  is  a 
merchant  at  Lakin :  Mary  C,  born  1886,  lives  at  home ;  John  C,  born 
July  18,  1888,  a  merchant  at  Lakin;  Jennie  Rose,  born  Xoveinber  4, 
1892.  a  teacher;  Helen  G.,  born  August  21,  1897,  ^nd  Thomas  J.,  born 
April  12,  1900.  Mr.  O'Laughlin  has  until  recently  been  an  extensive 
stock  raiser.  Although  practically  retired  he  is  still  interested  in  many 
local  enterprise?. 

James  O.  Ellsworth. — The  subject  of  this  review,  who  is  a  prominent 
farmer  and  stock  raiser  in  Jewell  county,  an  honest,  honorable  and  pro- 
gressive citizen,  patriotic  in  his  motives  and  straightforward  in  his 
methods,  was  born  in  Sinclair  township,  Jewell  county,  Kansas,  June  29, 
1871,  the  son  of  .Albert  W.  and  ^Liry  Dudley  Ellsworth.  His  father  was 
a  native  of  Vermont  and  his  mother  of  Ohio,  but  on  the  paternal  side 
Mr.  Ellsworth  traces  his  lineage  back  through  Revolutionary  ancestry  to 
France.  The  first  American  ancestors  of  the  Ellsworth  family  came  to 
this  country  with  Lafayette,  when  he  came  from  France  with  aid  for 
the  thirteen  colonies,  at  a  time  when  the  American  cause  w'as  in  sore 
need  of  assistance.  Albert  W.  Ellsworth  was  a  cabinet  maker  by  trade. 
"n  1870  he  came  to  the  Sunflower  State,  taking  land  in  Jewell  county, 
Ivhere  James  was  born.  Kansas  was  the  frontier  in  the  early  '70s  and 
the  Ellsworth  homestead  was  never  quite  safe  from  Indian  depredations 
and  raids.  Albert  Ellsworth  took  an  active  part  in  the  defense  of  his 
home  against  the  Indians  in  the  fight  at  White  Rock  Creek ;  he  was 
one  of  the  first  officers  of  the  county  and  continued  to  take  an  inter- 
ested and  active  part  in  public  life  until  his  death  in  October,  1885. 
James  Ellsworth  began  his  education  in  the  public  schools  of  Jewell 
county,  subsequently  graduating  from  the  Formoso  High  School.  For 
one  year  he  took  higher  academic  training  at  the  Salina  Normal  School 
to  prepare  himself  for  a  teacher,  which  vocation  he  followed  eleven 
years,  during  two  of  which  he  acted  as  principal  of  the  Lovewell  schools. 
An  open  outdoor  life  had  always  appealed  to  Mr.  Ellsworth,  and  having 
been  reared  on  a  farm  he  turned  to  agricultural  pursuits.    Starting  with 


BIOGRAPHICAL  57 

an  eigln}-acre  farm,  by  good  management,  ihrift  and  economy,  he  has 
added  to  the  original  home  until  he  now  owns  240  acres  of  the  finest 
farming  land  in  Jewell  county.  From  the  beginning  Mr.  Ellsworth  spe- 
cialized in  thoroughbred  stock,  making  a  specialty  of  Diiroc  hogs  and 
Short  Horn  cattle.  In  addition  to  raising  stock  he  has  traded  in  cattle 
and  hogs,  but  has  gained  such  a  wide  reputation  for  the  standard  of  his 
live  stock  that  he  disposes  of  all  at  private  sale.  Mr.  Ellsworth  is  a 
member  of  the  Duroc  Association,  holding  stock  in  that  concern,  as  well 
as  in  the  First  National  P>ank  of  Formoso  and  the  telephone  company,  of 
which  he  was  the  first  secretary.  For  years  he  has  been  active  in  all 
township  affairs,  having  held  the  offices  of  clerk  and  treasurer.  Having 
been  progressive  in  ideas  and  methods,  working  for  the  benefit  of  the 
c< immunity,  Mr.  Ellsworth  has  gained  many  friends,  and  at  the  present 
time  is  a  candidate  for  county  commissioner  on  the  Democratic  ticket, 
at  the  earnest  solicitations  of  his  many  friends  and  supporters,  who  per- 
suaded him  to  make  the  race.  He  is  a  popular  member  of  the  following 
fraternal  organizations :  The  Masonic  order.  Modern  W'oodmen  of  Amer- 
ica, Eastern  Star,  and  is  a  member  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church. 

On  March  8,  1896,  Mr.  Ellsworth  was  united  in  marriage  with  Rosa 
A.,  the  daughter  of  Edgar  E.  and  Eleanor  Walker.  They  were  natives 
of  Wisconsin,  who  came  to  I'Cansas  in  1871,  locating  in  Grant  township, 
where  Mrs.  Ellsworth  was  born,  December  2,  1877.  Her  father,  like  so 
iTian\-  of  the  early  settlers,  engaged  in  farming  and  stock  raising,  so  that 
she  grew  up  on  the  farm,  attending  the  public  schools,  and  later  graduat- 
ing from  the  high  school  at  Narka.  Republic  county.  The  fathers  of  both 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Ellsworth  enlisted  in  the  army  at  the  call  for  volunteers 
at  the  opening  of  the  Civil  war.  Mr.  Ellsworth  enlisted  at  Chicago 
under  Col.  Elmer  Ellsworth,  who  was  his  cousin,  and  .served  during  the 
entire  war.  Nine  children  have  been  born  to  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Ellsworth — 
Xita  G.,  Vernon,  Ruth  .\..  Clair  E.,  J.  Orville,  Marion,  Josephine  O.. 
Milford  D.  and  FVancis  D.  Nita  is  attending  the  high  school,  but  with  the 
exception  of  Milford  and  Francis,  all  the  other  children  are  attending  the 
same  school  their  father  did  when  a  boy.  All  the  family  are  members 
of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church. 

C.  S.  Kenney,  of  Norton,  Kan.,  a  physician  of  State-wide  reputatinn, 
and  the  recently  appointed  superintendent  of  the  State  Tuberculosis  San- 
atorium of  Newton,  was  born  at  Saranac,  Mich.,  April  22.  1877,  son  of 
Alexander  and  Lois  L.  (Kimball)  Kenney,  the  former  a  native  of  New 
York  and  the  latter  of  Vermont.  .Alexander  Kenney  was  a  farmer  and 
stock  raiser,  and  our  subject  attended  the  country  schools,  working 
on  the  farm  with  his  parents  during  vacations.  He  graduated  from  the 
Saranac  High  School  with  the  class  of  1895,  a^^tcr  wh,ich  he  taught 
school  for  two  years  and  then  took  the  college  preparatory  course  at 
Ferris  Institute.  P.ig  Rapids,  Mich.  After  five  months'  preparatory  work 
he  entered  the  Detroit  College  of  Medicine,  in  Detroit,  Mich.,  in   1898, 


58  BIOGRAPHICAL 

graduating  in  1902  with  ihe  degree  of  Doctor  of  Medicine.  While  at- 
tending college  he  worked  to  pay  half  his  expenses. 

After  leaving  college  Dr.  Kenney  came  to  Kansas  and  located  at  Nor- 
catur,  where  he  practiced  eight  years,  and  in  1910  located  at  Norton  and 
is  enjoying  a  good  practice  in  that  town.  He  is  a  member  of  the  State 
and  American  Medical  associations,  of  the  Ancient  Free  and  Accepted 
Masons,  the  Order  of  Eastern  Star,  the  Modern  Woodmen  of  America, 
the  Ancient  Order  of  United  Workmen  and  the  Court  of  Honor,  and  has 
been  county  health  officer  for  three  years.  He  spent  five  months 
studying  the  spread  of  tuberculosis  for  the  State  Board  of  Health,  visit- 
ing sixty-five  counties.  Having  recently  been  appointed  superintendent 
of  the  State  Tuberculosis  Sanatorium  at  Newton,  Kan.,  he  will  be  located 
in  that  city  in  the  future. 

Dr.  Kenney's  success  in  life  is  largely  the  result  of  strenuous  early 
efforts.  His  father  died  when  he  was  two  ^ears  old  and  his  mother 
raised  the  family.  He  walked  three  miles  each  morning  and  evening 
while  going  to  high  school,  and  was  never  late  a  single  morning  and 
never  out  except  on  account  of  sickness.  He  worked  in  a  wholesale 
house  in  order  to  finish  his  education. 

The  marriage  of  Dr.  Kenney  to  Lola  M.  Corns  took  place  May  20, 
1904.  Mrs.  Kenney  was  born  in  Indiana,  January  12,  1882,  daughter  of 
Dr.  C.  V.  and  Castillie  (Le  Count)  Corns,  natives  of  Indiana,  who  moved 
to  Kansas  in  1886.  Here  Dr.  Corns  practiced  his  profession  and  Lola 
Corns  attended  the  common  schools  of  Norcatur  and  later  the  Norton 
County  High  School  at  Norton.  Dr.  and  Mrs.  Kenney  have  two  chil- 
dren :    Grey  A.,  born  December  30,  1905,  and  Helen  C,  born  July  23,  1910. 

C.  G.  Page,  a  cattle  dealer  of  Norton,  Kan.,  was  born  at  Monmouth, 
\\'arren  county,  Illinois,  October  8,  1852.  son  of  A.  B.  and  Rebecca 
(Thompson)  Page,  the  former  a  native  of  New  Hampshire,  and  the  lat- 
ter of  Ohio.  A.  B.  Page  was  engaged  in  the  live  stock  business  and  our 
subject  attended  the  country  schools,  later  spending  two  years  in  the 
academy  at  Kewanee,  111.  L^pon  leaving  school  he  went  to  work  as 
brakeman  on  the  Chicago,  Burlington  &  Quincy  railroad,  beginning  Oc- 
tober 8,  1871,  just  at  the  time  of  the  Chicago  fire,  and  remaining  one  year, 
when  he  went  back  to  the  farm.  In  the  spring  of  1873  he  came  to  Kansas, 
traveling  as  far  as  Lowell.  Neb.,  by  railroad,  from  which  point  he  walked 
and  rode  with  freighters  the  rest  of  the  way,  arriving  in  this  State  with 
but  five  cents  in  stamps,  and  a  total  stranger  to  everybody.  He  took  the 
homestead  on  which  he  now  lives. 

Mr.  Page's  early  experiences  in  Kansas  are  interesting.  He  spent  his 
first  night  at  a  place  where  there  were  no  beds  and  everybody  had  to 
sleep  on  the  floor.  A  man  who  had  been  in  a  shooting  scrape  loaned  him 
his  overcoat  and  in  the  night  Mr.  Page  turned  over  against  the  stove 
and  burned  a  hole  in  the  coat.  He  was  frightened,  for  the  thought  the 
man  would  kill  him.    In  those  days  everybody  who  could  do  so  carried 


BIOGRAPHICAL  59 

guns,  on  account  of  there  being  so  man}-  antelope  and  buffalo  in  the 
country.  From  April  to  October  one  couldn't  look  in  any  direction  with- 
out seeing  thousands  of  buffalo,  and  there  were  plenty  of  Indians  in  this 
section  at  that  time.  Mr.  Page  was  here  when  the  Indians  massacred  the 
white  people  on  the  Sappa,  and  the  settlers  came  into  town  for  protec- 
tion. There  was  but  one  little  store  in  Norton,  built  of  cotlonwood  logs, 
and  only  a  few  houses.  The  settlers  had  to  drive  sixty-five  miles  to  the 
railroad.  Mr.  Page  was  a  freighter  and  drove  a  yoke  of  oxen.  On  one  oc- 
casion he  was  with  a  train  of  mules  with  his  ox  team  and  a  load  of 
hides.  The  rest  of  the  train  went  on  and  left  him,  and  he  was  so  hun- 
gry that  he  ate  some  salt  pork,  which  made  him  very  thirst}'.  He  had 
lost  his  oxen  the  night  before,  so  had  to  walk  to  the  Solomon  river,  where 
he  drank  until  he  became  sick.  Mr.  Page  began  buying  cattle  when  he 
first  came  to  Kansas  and  seven  years  was  a  freighter.  After  discon- 
tinuing the  freighting  business  he  still  dealt  in  cattle,  which  is  his  busi- 
ness at  the  present  time.  He  was  here  during  the  county  seat  fight,  and 
in  1874  was  elected  sheriff,  but  did  not  serve.  He  now  has  640  acres  of 
land  near  Norton,  where  he  took  his  original  homestead,  and  it  is 
equipped  with  feed  pens  for  stock.  He  is  feeding  several  hundred  head 
this  year,  as  it  is  his  custom  to  deal  in  cattle  and  hogs  in  large  num- 
bers. Mr.  Page  is  a  member  of  the  Knights  Templars,  the  .Ancient 
Order  United  Workman  and  the  Ancient  Free  and  -Vcceptcd  Masons,  and 
in  politics  is  a  Republican. 

On  April  15,  1879,  Mr.  Page  married  Miss  Mary  R.  Jones,  daughter 
of  Oliver  L.  and  Margaret  (Hefner)  Jones,  natives  of  Indiana.  Mrs. 
Page  was  born  in  Lafayette,  Ind.,  Ajiril  17,  1861,  where  she  was  raised 
and  attended  the  common  schools.  Her  parents  moved  to  Kansas  in 
1876,  locating  in  Norton  county,  where  her  father  engaged  in  farming 
and  stock  raising.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Page  have  had  nine  children:  Wilburt 
O.  and  Welmert  G.,  twins,  born  February  16,  1880;  Charles  G.,  born 
March  7,  1882;  Ora  E.,  born  June  29,  1884:  Jesse  L.,  born  September 
5,  1886;  Edith  O.,  born  1888;  Mabel  and  Chester,  twins,  born  May  5,  1891, 
the  latter  being  deceased ;  and  Earle,  born  December  3,  1895.  Edith  is 
married  to  Harry  W.  Frame  and  now  lives  at  Clayton,  Mo.  All  (he  chil- 
dren were  educated  at  the  Norton  County  High  School. 

Seywood  Larrick,  of  Lenora,  Kan.,  prominent  capitalist,  banker,  ranch 
owner,  and  formerly  a  stock  dealer  on  a  large  scale,  was  born  in  Guern- 
sey county,  Ohio,  Son  of  Asa  Larrick,  of  Logan,  Kan.  Asa  Larrick 
moved  from  Ohio  to  Illinois,  then  to  Iowa,  and  in  1872  came  to  Kansas, 
locating  in  Phillips  county,  on  the  present  site  of  Logan.  They  drove 
from  Kearney,  Neb.,  by  team,  and  took  a  homestead  on  the  Solomon 
river.  Buffaloes  and  other  big  game  were  plentiful  in  those  days.  In 
1878  the  Indians  raided  the  country  west  of  Logan  and  a  stockade  was 
built  at  that  place  for  the  protection  of  the  settlers.  The  first  house 
the  Larrick  family  lived  in  was  built  of  logs,  with  a  dirt  roof,  and  our 


6o  BIOGRAPHICAL 

subject  attended  the  common  schools  in  Phillips  county  and  finished  at 
the  Logan  schools.  At  the  age  of  thirteen  he  hunted  buffaloes  with  his 
father,  for  hides,  and  the  last  year  on  the  range  he  killed  a  number  of 
buffaloes  himself.  lie  and  his  father  hunted  for  three  years,  and  took  the 
hides  to  \\'allace,  Kan.,  Kit  Carson,  and  Julesburg,  Col.  The  freight 
for  Logan  was  hauled  from  Russell,  and  the  mail  came  from  Concordia 
to  Kirwin,  the  Logan  people  depending  on  anyone  who  could  to  bring 
it  over. 

After  hunting  buffaloes  three  years  young  Larrick  went  to  the  Black 
Hills,  remaining  there  for  one  year,  and  in  coming  back  he  stopped  on 
the  range  in  Nebraska  for  three  years.  In  1880  he  took  a  homestead  in 
Sheridan  county  and  started  into  the  cattle  business,  which  he  followed, 
and  in  1887  entered  the  banking  business.  On  May  14  of  that  year  he, 
with  others,  bought  the  Exhange  Bank,  of  Lenora,  of  which  he  is  princi- 
pal stockholders,  and  of  which  he  has  been  cashier  for  twenty-five  years. 
He  remained  in  the  cattle  business  until  about  ten  years  ago.  In  two  years 
his  company  shipped  over  7,000  head  of  cattle  from  Arizona,  and  handled 
hundreds  of  hogs  and  horses.  L'pon  going  out  of  the  cattle  business,  in 
1904,  he  established  the  State  Bank,  of  Edmond,  Kan.,  which  in  1906  was 
changed  to  the  First  National  Bank.  He  is  president  of  this  bank  and 
owns  more  than  four-fifths  of  the  stock.  In  1908  he  with  others  estab- 
tablished  the  Hoxie  State  Bank,  of  Hoxie,  Kan.,  of  which  he  is  president. 
In  that  same  year  he  with  others  established  the  Farmers'  State  Bank 
of  Speed,  in  which  he  sold  his  interest  last  year.  In  1891  he  organized 
the  Lenora  Lumber  Company,  of  which  he  was  treasurer  for  twenty-one 
)'ears,  selling  his  interest  last  August.  Mr.  Larrick  was  one  of  the  orig- 
inal stockholders  in  the  Osage  Fire  Insurance  Company  of  Topeka.  He 
owns  about  1,700  acres  of  land  in  Kansas.  He  was  councilman  of 
Lenora  for  a  number  of  years,  is  a  member  of  the  Congregational  church, 
of  the  Ancient  Free  and  .Accepted  Masons,  of  the  Ancient  Order  of  I'nited 
Workmen  and  of  the  Modern  Woodmen  of  America.  In  politics  he  is 
a  Republican,  and  has  been  a  school  director  for  nine  years. 

On  July  22,  1885,  Mr.  Larrick  was  married  to  Miss  Celestia  .\.  Harde- 
man, daughter  of  John  M.  Hardeman,  a  native  of  Missouri,  who  came 
to  Kansas  in  1879,  3"^  ^^'^^  engaged  in  farming.  They  came  here  from 
Iowa,  and  Mrs.  Larrick  attended  the  common  schools  of  Graham  county, 
after  which  she  taught  school  for  two  years.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Larrick  have 
five  children:  Lottie  A.,  married  to  W.  L.  Leidig,  assistant  cashier  of 
the  E.xchange  Bank,  of  Lenora,  and  is  living  in  that  town;  Ollie  I..  Fern 
A.,  and  Lewis  L.,  attending  Washburn  College  in  Topeka,  and  Emma, 
attending  high  school  at  Norton,  Kan.  The  family  arc  members  of  the 
Congregational  church. 

\\'hen  the  Larrick  family  first  came  to  Logan  there  were  no  settlers 
west  of  that  point  on  the  river  and  the  country  was  covered  with  buffalo 
grass,  ehere  being  no  hay  except  in  the  draws.   The  Indians  camped  on 


BIOGRAPHICAL  6l 

the  river  during  the  winter  and  cut  down  cottonvvood  trees  ti)  allow  their 
horses  to  browse.  During  the  first  two  \^ears  at  f.ogan  they  could  go 
out  any  time  and  kill  buffaloes  and  antelopes.  In  1873  oui  subject  was 
on  Frenchman  river,  in  southwest  Nebraska,  with  his  father,  when  they 
saw  the  main  body  of  a  herd  moving  southward.  They  estimated  that 
more  than  200,000  buffaloes  passed  their  camp  within  two  days,  and  they 
killed  ten  by  moonlight  in  one  night,  and  the  next  day  were  kept  busy 
skinning  carcasses.  As  soon  as  one  was  finished  another  was  killed.  In 
the  summer  these  hides  brought  as  low  as  60  cents  for  cow  hides,  and 
90  cents  for  bull  hides.  The  highest  robe-hide  price  received  was  $3.25. 
After  the  county  -was  settled  the  blue  joint  grass  came,  rains  were  more 
frequent  and  better  crops  were  raised.  In  1890  they  sowed  wheat  in  the 
dust.  It  did  not  come  up  till  spring,  but  they  harvested  the  biggest  crop 
they  ever  had.  The  creeks  were  full  of  beaver  dams  when  they  located 
in  this  country,  but  after  all  the  beavers  were  trajiped  the  dams  washed 
out,  and  since  that  time  the  creeks  remain  dry  a  part  of  the  year.  In 
1877.  while  in  the  Black  Hills,  Mr.  Larrick  discovered  a  rich  mine,  but 
left  the  hills  for  the  winter,  and  as  there  was  an  Indian  raid,  he  never 
returned,  although  the  mine  was  successfully  worked  later.  When  they 
came  to  Kansas  the  Larrick  family  had  no  money,  and  one  winter  wore 
buffalo  hocks  for  shoes,  so  that  our  subject  has  made  all  of  his  money 
right  where  he  lives.  He  is  the  largest  individual  taxpayer  in  Norton 
county.  He  is  interested  in  banks  at  Norton,  Phillips  and  Sheridan  coun- 
ties. The  capital  and  surplus  of  the  Exchange  Bank  is  $61,000,  of  the 
First  National  Bank  of  Edmond,  $32,000,  and  of  the  Hoxie  State  Bank, 
$43,000.  The  Larrick  residence  in  Lenora  is  the  second  finest  in  the 
whole  northwestern  part  of  the  State.  In  the  same  neighborhood  where 
he  made  his  fortune  Mr.  Larrick  once  worked  for  $8.00  per  month. 
When  he  was  a  cattle  dealer,  in  1882-83,  he  shipped  in  stock  from  Mis- 
souri for  this  section  of  the  country,  and  at  one  time  the  settlers  were 
so  anxious  for  stock  that  five  car  loads  were  sold  by  moonlight  on  arrival 
at  the  station.    In  those  days  there  was  an  abundance  of  range. 

Mr.  Larrick's  father  and  mother  still  live  on  the  original  homestead, 
which  they  took  forty  years  ago,  near  Logan,  the  former  at  the  age  of 
seventy-five  and  the  latter  past  seventy-three,  both  active  for  their  age. 

C.  W.  Ward,  a  leading  physician  of  Lenora.  Kan.,  was  born  in  Os- 
borne, this  State,  June  16,  1883.  son  of  David  and  Clara  M.  Ward,  natives 
of  New  York,  who  came  to  Kansas  in  the  early  '70s  and  settled  in  Mar- 
shall countv,  removing  to  Osborne  county  in  1878,  where  they  took  a 
homestead  south  of  the  town  of  Osborne.  After  a  short  time  David 
Ward  entered  the  mercantile  business  in  Osborne.  He  later  went  into 
the  real  estate  business  and  was  register  of  deeds  of  the  county  for 
three  or  four  terms.  He  was  prominent  in  the  politics  in  this  section 
of  the  Slate.    His  death  occurred  in  O.shorne  in  T0n8. 

The  subject  of  our  sketch  was  raised  in  the  town  of  his  birth,  attend- 


62  BIOGRAPHICAL 

ing  its  public  schools  and  graduating  from  the  high  school  in  1904,  after 
which  he  taught  school  for  two  years.  In  1906  he  began  the  study  of 
medicine  at  the  Kansas  University,  from  which  he  graduated  in  1910 
with  the  degree  of  Doctor  of  Medicine.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Nu 
Sigma  Nu.  After  leaving  college  he  located  at  Almena,  Kan.,  remaining 
there  for  a  few  months,  and  then  located  in  Lenora,  where  he  has  since 
practiced  his  profession.  He  is  a  member  of  the  State,  County  and 
American  Medical  associations,  of  the  Ancient  Free  and  Accepted  Ma- 
sons, of  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows,  the  Eastern  Star  and  of 
the  Modern  Woodmen  of  America.  In  politics  he  is  a  Republican.  Dr. 
Ward  was  a  member  of  the  Osborne  militia  and  acted  as  guard  in  the 
famous  Dewey  case,  which  was  tried  in  Norton  county  and  lasted  for 
forty-two  consecutive  days.  Dr.  Ward's  success  is  the  result  of  his  own 
well  directed  efforts.    He  paid  his  own  way  through  college. 

John  M.  Burton,  a  leading  banker  of  Atwood  Kan.,  was  born  in  Mon- 
roe county,  Indiana,  March  16,  1838.  a  son  of  Henry  W.  and  Martha 
Burton,  the  former  a  native  of  Kentucky  and  the  latter  of  North  Caro- 
lina. Henry  W.  Burton  was  a  farmer  and  when  his  son,  John,  was  quite 
yoimg,  he  moved  to  Kankakee  county,  Illinois,  where  the  boy  attended 
the  common  schools  and  later  was  for  some  time  engaged  in  teaching. 
Our  subject  then  took  up  surveying,  completed  his  studies  in  that  line 
and  became  a  surveyor.  For  sixteen  years  he  was  deputy  county  sur- 
veyor of  Kankakee  county,  teaching  school  in  the  winter  during  fourteen 
years  of  this  time.  The  Burton  family  were  among  the  pioneers  of  their 
locality  in  Kankakee  county,  as  the  town  of  Kankakee  had  just  been 
started  when  they  came. 

In  the  spring  of  1865  ^Ir.  Burton  enlisted  in  Company  A  of  the  One 
Hundred  and  Fifty-sixth  Illinois  infantry,  but  had  gone  only  as  far  as 
Chattanooga,'  Tenn.,  when  Lee  surrendered.  He  was  discharged  at 
Memphis,  Tenn.,  in  the  fall  of  1865.  After  leaving  the  army  he  was 
elected  county  surveyor  of  Iroquois  county,  Illinois,  which  office  he  held 
for  fifteen  years,  living  in  the  town  of  Watseka.  In  the  spring  of  1887 
he  came  to  Kansas,  located  in  Atwood,  and  bought  the  Rawlins  'County 
Bank.  Mr.  Burton  owned  all  the  stock  himself  and  conducted  a  private 
banking  business  in  the  same  building  now  occupied  by  him,  having 
made  some  addition  to  the  building  in  the  meantime.  In  July,  1902,  he 
organized  his  business  into  a  State  bank  and  it  is  now  the  Rawlins 
County  State  Bank,  of  which  Mr.  Burton  has  been  president  since  the 
organization. 

Aside  from  his  banking  business  our  subject  has  some  2,000  acres  of 
ranch  property  under  fence,  modernl}'  equipped  in  every  respect,  and 
stocked  with  several  hundred  head  of  live  stock.  He  has  served  the  city 
of  Atwood  eight  or  ten  years  as  mayor  and  at  the  last  election  was  Re- 
publican candiate  for  representative,  but  owing  to  his  vast  business 
interests  was  unable  to  make  a  hard  campaign,  so  was  defeated  by  a  few 


n 


<\^WuZZ^(^ij&y 


BIOGRAPHICAL  63 

votes  by  the  Democratic  candidate.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Kansas 
Bankers'  Association  and  of  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows. 
There  was  no  railroad  through  Atwood  at  the  time  Mr.  Burton  located 
here,  the  nearest  station  being  Stratton,  Neb.,  thirty  miles  away,  from 
which  point  all  freight  was  hauled.  Atwood  was  founded  in  1880,  and  in 
1885  it  was  but  a  small  inland  village  with  no  county  buildings.  The 
surrounding  country  was  sparsely  settled  and  the  chief  industry  was 
cattle  raising.  Mr.  Burton  was  here  during  the  county  seat  fight,  in 
which  Atwood  was  victorious.  In  June,  1905,  Mr.  Burton  married  Sarah 
L.  Binning,  a  native  of  Iroquois  county,  Illinois.  She  first  settled  with 
her  husband  in  Nuckolls  county,  Nebraska,  and  later  came  to  Rawlins 
county,  Kansas,  where  they  took  up  Government  land.  Mr.  Burton  is 
a  member  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church. 

Arthur  Capper,  of  Topeka,  Kan.,  whose  name  has  become  familiar  to 
a  million  or  more  readers  through  the  different  Capper  publications, 
is  a  conspicuous  example  of  the  self-made  man,  having  advanced,  un- 
aided and  by  his  own  efforts  and  industry,  to  the  position  of  leading 
publisher  of  the  West.  In  this,  his  native  State,  he  is  recognized  as  one 
of  the  builders  of  Kansas,  and  as  a  young  man  who  has  dedicated  his 
useful  life  to  the  advocacy  of  those  principles  and  material  things  which 
have  made  the  State  preeminent  in  the  Nation.  Born  in  Garnett,  Ander- 
son county,  in  1865,  Arthur  Capper's  first  recollections  are  of  the  sto- 
ries of  the  days  when  the  settlers  along  the  eastern  border  were  fight- 
ing for  free  government.  He  was  a  student  at  the  feet  of  the  pioneers 
who  had  fought  the  good  fight  and  started  Kansas  on  her  first  half 
century  of  history,  a  record  in  State  building  that  is  the  pride  and  glory 
of  every  citizen.  Thus,  in  his  boyhood,  he  grasped  the  Kansas  spirit 
and  early  became  an  advocate  of  the  principles  and  policies  which  have 
made  it  one  of  the  most  progressive  commonwealths  of  the  L'nion. 
Throughout  the  whole  of  his  active  career  he  has  ever  been  loyal  to 
the  Stale  of  his  borth,  a  Kansan  whose  efforts  have  been  devoted  to  the 
betterment  of  his  State  and  its  people,  and  who,  in  turn,  has  received 
from  them  the  inspiration  of  their  remarkably  progressive  spirit.  The 
parents  of  Mr.  Capper  were  among  the  first  settlers  of  Anderson  county, 
and  Herbert  Capper,  the  father,  a  native  of  England,  was  one  of  the 
founders  of  Garnett.  In  1870.  with  several  other  Kansans,  he  organ- 
ized the  town  of  Longton,  in  Elk  county,  naming  it  for  his  birthplace 
in  England.  He  lived  there  only  a  short  time,  when  he  returned  to 
Garnett,  where  he  and  his  wife  died.  They  were  buried  in  Garnett 
cemetery.  The  surviving  children  are:  Arthur  and  Mary,  who  reside 
in  Topeka,  and  Edith,  the  wife  of  A.  L.  Eustice,  of  Chicago.  The 
parents  were  faithful  members  of  the  Quaker  church  and  in  the  family 
circle  the  language  of  that  religious  organization  was  used  in  the  daily 
conversation.  They  were  excellent  people,  of  strong  minds  and 
good    character,   and    their   son    grew    to   manhood    under   excellent    in- 


64  BIOGRAPHICAL 

fluences.  It  was  in  this  Christian  home  that  Arthur  Capper  was  taught 
tlie  lessons  of  honesty,  morality,  industry,  temperance  and  self-reliance, 
wliich  traits  of  character  have  been  the  foundation  of  his  splendid  suc- 
cess. That  those  early  Christian  influences  and  teachings  were  indelibly 
impressed  upon  his  mind  is  attested  by  the  countless  articles  that  have 
appeared  in  his  publications  in  behalf  of  all  religious  move- 
ments and  right  living.  The  school  days  of  Mr.  Capper  were 
spent  in  Garnett,  where  he  received  every  advantage  its  splendid  schools 
afforded.  His  father,  while  not  discounting  the  value  of  an  education, 
entertained  the  old-fashioned  notion  that  a  boy  should  carve  out  iiis 
own  destiny  and  reh'  on  his  own  resources,  and  that  a  knowledge  of 
the  great  schools  of  life  was  of  equal  importance.  He,  therefore,  taught 
him  to  earn  his  own  money  and  to  save  it.  A  very  little  thing  often 
serves  as  the  inspiration  that  shapes  the  destiny  of  men.  AMiile  yet 
a  mere  lad  ^Ir.  Capper  received  as  a  Christmas  present  a  little  toy 
printing  press,  which,  as  years  have  passed,  remains  his  most  cherished 
and  valued  gift.  \\'ith  this  little  outfit  he  began  his  career  as  a  pub- 
lisher, for  with  it  he  printed  cards  and  did  other  little  odd  jobs  for  mer- 
chants, saving  up  several  dollars.  Before  he  was  fourteen  years  of  age 
he  entered  upon  an  apprenticeship  in  the  printing  business  in  the  office 
of  the  Garnett  "Journal."'  his  wages  to  begin  with  amounting  to  one 
dollar  per  week.  His  first  work  was  the  job  of  inking  the  forms  of 
an  old  Washington  hand  press.  He  continued  to  work  on  the  Garnett 
'"Journal"  until  1884,  when  he  secured  a  position  on  the  "Daily  Capital" 
at  Topeka.  Up  to  that  time  all  his  work  had  been  done  during  spare 
hours  out  of  school,  during  part  of  the  afternoons,  evenings  and  Satur- 
days. He  allowed  his  studies  to  suffer  no  neglect,  however,  and  always 
stood  at  the  head  of  his  classes.  He  looks  back  to  those  days  of  train- 
ing in  Garnett  as  the  most  important  epoch  in  his  early  life,  and  remem- 
bers with  love  and  gratitude  the  precept,  example  and  Christian  influ- 
ences thrown  around  him  by  his  good  Quaker  father  and  mother. 
Next  to  the  parent,  the  teacher  who  trains  a  boy's  mind  is  best  qualified 
to  speak  of  his  real  character.  Prof.  J.  B.  Robison,  now  living  at  Law- 
rence at  the  advanced  age  of  eighty-four,  taught  for  many  years  in  the 
Garnett  schools  and  was  close  to  boyhood  life  of  Mr  Capper.  From  this 
old  teacher  comes  this  tribute :  "I  knew  tlie  family  well  and  I  am 
familiar  with  the  principles  inculcated  in  his  mind  by  his  parents  from 
childhood  until  he  completed  the  high  school  course  in  Garnett  in  1884. 
The  principles  taught  at  home  and  through  the  bight  school 
course  were  morality,  honesty,  truthfulness,  industry,  justice  to  all,  and 
good,  intelligent  citizenship.  As  I  had  charge  of  the  school  for  a  num- 
ber of  years  I  had  a  good  opportunity  to  know  the  foundation  upon 
which  Mr.  Capper  started  and  built  his  success.  I  kept  a  private  record 
of  the  deportment  and  average  per  cent,  of  all  my  pupils  in  their  studies 
on  final  examination,  and  have  that  record  now.     He  stood  perfect  in 


BIOGRAPHICAL  65 

the  former  and  98  per  cent,  in  the  latter.  He  understood  the  pur- 
pose of  schools  and  prepared  his  mind  while  under  a  tutor  for  intelli- 
gent and  active  work  when  he  entered  the  business  world."  While 
'mastering  the  trade  he  had  chosen,  an  ambition  arose  to  become 
a  writer  for  the  press,  and  while  still  a  youth  he  twice  captured  a 
first  prize  for  the  best  letter.  The  first  prize  was  won  in  the  New 
York  "Tribune"  and  the  second  in  the  Topeka  ''Capital."  Such  was 
Mr.  Capper's  steady  progress  toward  an  ultimate  purpose  and  ulti- 
mate success.  At  the  age  of  eighteen  he  started  to  make  his  own 
way  in  the  world.  As  stated,  he  went  to  Topeka  in  1884  to  work  as 
a  typesetter  for  the  "Dail}'  Capital."  The  foreman  found  him  a  good 
workman,  always  to  be  depended  upon,  and  with  habits  of  sobriety  and 
industry.  True  worth  seldom  fails  of  recognition.  Mr.  Capper  soon 
gained  the  notice  of  Major  Hudson,  the  founder  and  owner  of  the 
"Capital,"  who  lent  him  ever)-  possible  encouragement.  Ambitious  to 
become  an  all-round  newspaper  man  he  applied  for  and  was  given  a 
position  as  a  reporter.  It  was  not  long  until  he  was  made  city  editor 
of  the  paper,  a  position  which  full}-  tested  his  capacity  for  work,  and  it 
was  during  these  years  that  the  industr}-,  economy  and  attention  to 
detail,  taught  him  by  his  parents,  were  counted  by  his  employer  as  his 
chief  asset.  His  first  work  that  gave  him  Slate-wide  acquaintance  was 
in  1889,  when  he  took  the  job  of  reporting  the  legislative  proceedings 
for  the  "Capital."  It  is,  perhaps,  the  most  complete,  concise  and  accu- 
rate report  of  its  kind  ever  published  in  a  Kansas  newspaper,  or,  for 
that  matter,  in  any  other.  In  1893  came  his  first  venture  in  independent 
newspaper  work  when  he  purchased  the  North  Topeka  "Mail"  from 
Frank  A.  Root.  For  two  years  he  was  his  own  editor,  reporter,  busi- 
ness manager  and  advertising  solicitor,  and  also  had  charge  of  all  the 
mechanical  work  on  his  paper.  For  a  time  he  published  the  "Mail"  as 
a  local  i^aper,  but  later  it  was  merged  with  the  "Breeze,"  which  he 
purchased  from  Thomas  McNeal  in  1897.  When  he  acquired  the  To- 
peka "Daily  Capital,"  in  1901,  he  had  but  $2,000  of  the  purchase  price, 
his  remaining  capital  consisting  of  the  confidence  he  had  established  in 
the  minds  of  different  financiers,  who  had  observed  and  weighed  the 
character  of  the  man  during  his  career  in  Topeka  and  who  were  ready 
to  assist  him,  having  absolute  confidence  in  his  integrity  and  ability 
to  pay  off  the  remaining  indebtedness.  There  came  discouraging  times, 
but  he  had  faith  in  the  future  and  believed  that  industry  and  a  policy 
that  stood  for  the  real  spirit  of  Kansas  and  the  high  ideals  of  her  peo- 
ple would  win.  That  his  hopes  have  been  fully  realized  is  attested  by 
the  remarkable  growth  of  his  business.  Kansas  is  potentially  an  agri- 
cultural State.  Mr.  Capper  realized  that  and  foresaw,  before  the  agri- 
cultural press  of  the  country  had  attained  the  importance  it  now  has, 
the  splendid  opportunities  open  to  the  publisher  of  a  strong  agricultu'al 
paper.     In   1903  he  followed  up  his  judgment  by  converting  the  "Mnil 


66  BIOGRAPHICAL 

and  Breeze,"  then  one  of  the  most  successful  and  prosperous  political 
and  practical  news  weeklies  with  more  than  a  State-wide  reputation, 
into  "Farmers'  Mail  and  Breeze,"'  now  the  leading  farm  and  live  ■stock 
journal  of  Kansas.  He  made  the  change  suddenly,  and  it  took  genius 
and  courage  to  put  it  through,  but  subsequent  events  have  more  than 
justified  the  wisdom  of  it.  In  a  class  of  nearly  500  agricultural  publica- 
tions "Farmers'  Mail  and  Breeze"  ranks  as  one  of  the  twelve  leading 
journals  of  its  kind  in  the  United  States.  With  characteristic  originality 
and  energy  he  set  about  making  it  alive  with  interest  and  with  real  prac- 
tical usefulness,  and  today  it  is  welcomed  as  a  personal  friend  in  more 
than  100,000  homes.  Since  then  he  has  assumed  the  publication  of  other 
farm  papers,  though  they  are  not  so  well  known  in  Kansas.  These  other 
agricultural  papers  are  the  "Missouri  Valley  Farmer,"  which  has  over 
350,000  subscribers ;  "Nebraska  Farm  Journal,"  a  semi-monthly,  and  the 
"Missouri  Ruralist,"  a  weekly  published  in  Kansas  City,  Mo.  The 
"Kansas  Weekly  Capital,"  the  weekly  edition  of  the  "Daily  Capital," 
with  100,000  circulation,  goes  chiefly  into  farm  homes.  Every  month 
the  total  issue  of  the  several  Capper  publications  reaches  the  extraordi- 
nary figure  of  3,000,000  copies.  A  carload  of  printed  papers  is  put 
through  the  Topeka  postoffice  every  two  days,  and  Mr.  Capper  pays  as 
postage  to  Uncle  Sam  the  sum  of  $125,000  a  year.  There  are  over  600 
people  on  the  Capper  payroll  in  Topeka,  and  next  to  the  Santa  Fe  Rail- 
way Company,  whose  shops  and  general  offices  are  located  there,  he 
pays  out  more  rhoney  to  labor  than  any  other  interest  in  the  city,  if  not 
in  the  State.  His  capacity  for  work  is  tremendous  and  his  master}-  of 
detail  marvelous,  for  he  keeps  in  intimate  touch  with  ever}'  department 
of  this  immense  business.  One  of  the  several  Eastern  writers  who  have 
come  to  Topeka  to  inspect  the  methods  Mr.  Capper  has  employed  in  his 
successful  career,  in  discussing  the  fine  building  which  housed  the  Cap- 
per publication,  said:  "  *  *  *  It  is  five  stories  high,  75x130 
feet,  absolutely  fire-proof,  built  of  Bedford  stone,  terra  cotta,  steel  and 
concrete;  equipped  with  every  convenience  of  a  modern  publishing  plant, 
rest  room,  shower  baths,  restaurant,  assembly  room,  etc.  The  total 
cost  of  the  plant  and  equipment  was  $355,000.  The  different  depart- 
ments are  equipped  with  thoroughly  modern  facilities  for  handling  the 
work.  *  *  *  "  ^f^  Capper  is  not  all  business.  There  is  a  per- 
sonal side  to  his  character  and  a  very  tender  and  sympathetic  one,  as 
demonstrated  by  the  many  benefactions  and  charities  bestowed  by  him 
upon  the  sick  and  afflicted.  He  is  not  only  a  benefactor  to  those  in  suf- 
fering and  distress,  but  his  thoughtful  interest  also  extends  to  the  wel- 
fare of  his  fellows  who  need  a  cheering  word,  the  benizon  of  hope,  and 
the  sunshine  that  brightens  their  existence.  No  one  can  doubt  his  love 
and  interest  in  little  cliildren,  for  one  of  his  keenest  pleasures  is  to  con- 
tribute to  their  happiness  and  development.  More  than  6,000  boys  and 
girls  each  year  call  at  his  office  and  secure  a  supply  of  free  flower  seeds 


niOC.RAPHICAL  67 

which  they  are  to  plant  and  cultivate  with  their  own  hands,  under  direc- 
tions furnished  them.  Prizes  are  awarded  to  the  most  successful  grow- 
ers, and  thus  the)'  are  encouraged  to  gain  a  practical  knowledge  of  the 
cultivation  of  flowers,  and  at  the  same  time  a  development  of  their 
aesthetic  nature  takes  place.  To  foster  the  spirit  of  unselfishness  and  of 
kindly  deeds  the  children  are  encouraged  to  become  the  co-workers  of 
Mr.  Capper  in  providing  flowers  for  the  sick,  in  the  hospitals  and  in  their 
homes,  his  flower  automobile  making  many  trips  for  that  purpose,  from 
the  middle  of  June  until  the  middle  of  September.  Another  annual 
event  which  the  children  in  and  about  Topeka  look  forward  to  with 
pleasure  is  the  picnic  which  he  gives  10,000  of  them  at  Vinewood  park. 
"Whoever  will  may  come"  to  these  entertainments,  arranged  and  paid 
for  by  Mr.  Capper  for  the  little  folks.  He  knows  the  longing  and  desire 
of  the  childish  heart,  and  so  provides  innocent  games,  amusements,  and 
music  that  will  mark  the  picnic  as  a  red-letter  day  in  the  lives  of  all  the 
children  present.  Among  the  boys  and  girls  who  are  his  guests  at  each 
picnic  are  nearly  2,000  poor  children,  who,  at  every  Christmas  time,  are 
remembered  by  him  with  a  useful  present.  He  organized  the  Good 
Fellows'  Club  and  appealed  to  the  citizens  of  the  city  to  join  him  in  dis- 
tributing toys,  candy  and  clothing  to  the  needy  children  of  the  city.  He 
personally  took  the  lead  in  this  splendid  movement  and  asked  his  friends 
to  go  into  the  bjways  and  seek  out  the  children  of  the  poor,  that  they 
might  be  remembered  on  the  Christmas  holidays  with  a  substantial  token 
of  esteem  and  good  will.  He  also  collects  magazines  and  periodicals, 
which  are  distributed  to  the  various  hospitals,  orphans'  homes  and  other 
charitable  institutions  of  the  city.  Very  few  people  in  Topeka  know 
that  Mr.  Capper  provides  an  automobile  every  week,  through  the  spring 
and  summer  months,  for  a  ride  for  the  old  ladies  of  Ingleside  Home. 
This  benefaction,  like  all  his  others,  is  bestowed  without  ostentation  or 
display.  Mr.  Capper  was  married,  in  1892,  to  Florence  Crawford,  daugh- 
ter of  ex-Gov.  Samuel  J.  Crawford.  His  wife  is  also  a  native  Kansan, 
Topeka  being  her  birthplace.  Politically,  Mr.  Capper  is  a  Republican 
and  has  been  allied  unreservedly  with  the  progressive  element  of  his 
party.  Recognizing  the  unusual  ability  and  strength  of  character  of 
the  man,  an  army  of  loyal  friends  are  urging  his  candidacy  for  governor 
in  1912.  During  his  busy  life  Mr.  Capper  has  taken  an  active  inter- 
est in  many  National  movements  for  civic  betterment  and  progress.  He 
has  been  a  student  of  all  the  great  questions  that  have  been  advanced 
in  the  interest  of  better  government,  and  through  his  publications,  and 
personally,  he  has  been  a  valued  helper.  Among  the  National  organiza- 
tions of  which  he  is  an  active  member  may  be  mentioned  the  National 
Municipal  League,  the  National  Conservation  Association,  the  American 
Sociological  Society,  the  National  Tariff  Commission  .Association,  the 
National  Conference  of  Charities  and  Corrections,  the  .American  Eco- 
nomic .Association,  (he  Internationa!  Tax  .Association,  and  the  National 


68  BIOGRAPHICAL 

Civic  Federation.  He  is  a  director  of  the  Kansas  State  Historical  So- 
ciety and  has  been  one  of  its  active  and  influential  members  for  years. 
He  was  president  of  the  Kansas  State  Editorial  Association  in  1909,  is 
now  president  of  the  board  of  regents  of  the  Kansas  State  Agricultural 
College ;  is  a  director  of  the  Young  Men's  Christian  Association  of  To- 
peka,  and  a  member  of  the  executive  committee  of  the  State  Association. 
He  was  chairman  of  the  local  committee  which  recently  raised  $50,000 
in  ten  daj's  for  the  Young  glen's  Christian  Association  building  in  To- 
peka.  Fraternally  he  is  a  member  of  the  Ancient  Order  of  United 
Workmen,  the  jNlodern  ^^'oodmen  of  America,  the  Knights  and  Ladies 
of  Security  and  the  United  Commercial  Travelers.  In  concluding  this 
sketch  the  opinion  of  the  Eastern  writer,  previously  quoted,  is  here 
given  :  "Men  are  judged  by  their  achievements.  They  are  honored  only 
in  a  degree  which  is  made  justifiable  by  their  ability.  But  when  a  big, 
generous-hearted  man  has  a  long  string  of  real  achievements  to  his 
credit,  humanity,  in  its  greed  for  personal  fame,  is  prone  to  lump  them 
off  as  bargains,  feeling  that,  well,  maybe,  some  of  it  was  due  to  luck. 
Men  like  Arthur  Capper  do  not  travel  successward  by  any  easy  road. 
It  takes  character — truly  great  qualities  you  find  in  all  really  self- 
made  men.'' 

J.  T.  Short,  probate  judge  of  Rawlins  county,  was  born  December  27, 
1856,  at  \^'iota.  \\'is..  son  of  R.  B.  and  Narcissia  (Hale)  Short,  the  former 
a  native  of  Kentucky  and  the  latter  of  Tennessee.  His  father  was  en- 
gaged in  stock  raising  and  farming.  When  our  subject  was  about  three 
years  old  his  parents  moved  to  Pottawatomie  county.  Iowa,  where  he 
was  raised  and  attended  the  common  schools.  His  grandfather  Hale 
was  killed  in  the  Black  Hawk  war,  in  1832,  and  in  1886  the  Government 
erected  a  monurnent  on  the  site  where  he,  with  several  other  men,  was 
killed.  At  the  time  of  this  war  the  people  were  sent  to  Wiota  Fort 
(\\'isconsin),  and  here  in  later  years  the  subject  was  born,  in  the  same 
house  that  protected  the  settlers  in  1832. 

After  leaving  school  Mr.  Short  engaged  in  farming  and  stock  raising 
for  two  years,  and  in  1885  came  to  Kansas,  locating  at  Atwood,-  where 
he  farmed  and  worked  at  the  carpenter  trade  for  about  nine  years.  He 
was  then  appointed  deputy  sheriff  of  Rawlins  county  and  while  serv- 
ing in  that  capacity  worked  in  a  hardware  and  implement  house.  After 
retiring  from  the  office  of  deputy  at  the  end  of  four  years  he  continued 
three  years  longer  in  the  hardware  and  implement  business.  He  then 
engaged  in  contracting  and  built  the  present  court  house  of  Rawlins 
county,  the  high  school,  and  several  other  large  modern  buildings  in 
Kansas  and  Nebraska,  retiring  from  the  contracting  business  in  1912, 
for  the  purpose  of  looking  after  his  several  farms  in  this  county.  In  the 
fall  of  1912  Mr.  Short  was  elected  probate  judge  on  the  Democratic 
ticket.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Christian  church,  and  of  the  .\ncient 
Free  and  Accepted  Masons  and  Commandery. 


BIOGRAPHICAL  69 

Mr.  Short  was  married,  January  24,  1876,  to  Miss  Joannah  C.  Mc- 
Knight,  daughter  of  Anthony  and  Cynthia  (Soddy)  McKnight,  the 
motlier  a  native  of  Pennsylvania  and  the  father  of  Tennessee,  the  latter 
a  minister  of  the  Baptist  church.  Mrs.  Short  was  born  in  Lafayette 
county,  Wisconsin,  where  she  was  raised  and  attended  common  schools. 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Short  have  had  six  children :  Lucy  Belle  (deceased) ;  Ab- 
bie  (deceased) ;  Linnie  Mabel;  Charles  (deceased);  Eugene  (deceased); 
and  Myrtle.  Linnie  Mabel  is  married  to  Claude  Hiltabidel  and  lives  in 
Atwood.  Myrtle  P.  is  married  to  Waldo  Blood  and  lives  at  Mul- 
len, Neb. 

Edward  Winslow  Wellington. — The  history  of  the  Twentieth  century 
is  a  chronicle  of  business  progress  and  development.  Commercial  pros- 
perity and  business  conquests  now  fill  the  annals  of  our  country  and  the 
man  who  successfully  establishes,  operates  and  controls  extensive  com- 
mercial interests  is  the  victor  of  the  present  age.  Mr.  Wellington  is 
a  representative  of  the  class  of  substantial  builders  who  have  served 
faithfully  in  the  upbuilding  of  this  great  commonwealth.  He  is  a  pio- 
neer of  central  Kansas  who  has  nobly  done  his  duty  in  establishing  and 
maintaining  the  material  interests  and  moral  welfare  of  his  community. 
Mr.  \\'ellington  is  a  native  of  the  Bay  State,  born  at  Cambridge.  Mass., 
February  4,  1853,  the  son  of  Ambrose  and  Lucy  Jane  Kent  Wellington. 
On  both  sides  he  is  descended  from  Colonial  stock.  The  Wellington  fam- 
ily was  established  in  America  by  Roger  Wellington,  a  Welshman,  who 
settled  in  Massachusetts  Bay  Colony  at  Watertown,  now  Cambridge, 
in  1632.  He  was  born  in  Wales  in  1609  and  died  March  11,  1697.  Ben- 
jamin, his  son,  lived  until  January  8,  1709;  his  son,  Benjamin,  Jr.,  was 
born  in  1675,  and  was  town  clerk  of  Lexington,  Mass.,  and  lived  until 
October  31,  1738.  Timothy,  the  son  of  Benjamin,  Jr.,  was  born  July 
27,  1719,  and  lived  until  1761  ;  his  son,  Benjamin,  was  born  August  7, 
1743.  When  the  Revolutionary  war  broke  out  Benjamin  Wellington 
was  one  of  first  Continental  army  soldiers  to  meet  the  British  scouts  in 
advance  of  the  British  army  on  their  way  to  I^exington  that  memorable 
morning  of  April,  1775.  and  was  the  first  armed  soldier  of  the  Continental 
army  to  be  captured  in  the  Revolutionary  war.  Benjamin  O.  Welling- 
ton, son  of  Timothy,  was  born  August  23,  1778,  at  Lexington,  Mass. 
He  married  Polly  Hastings,  whose  ancestors  had  settled  on  a  farm 
adjoining  the  one  Roger  Wellington  had  located  in  1632.  They  became 
the  parents  of  seventeen  children  before  I'.enjamin  died  in  1853.  The 
Wellington  family  lot  in  Mount  Auburn  cemetery  occupies  a  part  of  each 
of  these  original  forms  owned  by  the  Wellington  and  Hastings  families 
in  the  Colonial  days. 

Ambrose  Wellington,  the  .son  of  Benjamin  O.  and  father  of  Edward 
Wellington,  whose  name  heads  this  sketch,  was  born  in  Lexington, 
Mass.,  April  11,  1819.  He  received  an  excellent  education,  graduating 
from  Harvard  I'niversity  with  the  class  of  1841.     After  leaving  college 


70  BIOGRAPHICAL 

he  was  master  of  a  boys'  school  for  a  few  years,  and  in  1845  founded  the 
first  school  for  colored  children  in  Boston.  Ambrose  Wellington  was 
one  of  the  pioneer  educators  of  his  day,  he  was  noted  for  his  opposition 
to  corporal  punishment.  Some  of  the  most  brilliant  men  of  his  day 
recognized  his  great  worth  and  ability,  and  were  his  friends  and  asso- 
ciates, among  them  Benjamin  Butler,  Charles  Sumner,  Wendell  Phillips 
and  Josiah  Quincy.  He  was  a  profound  lawyer,  a  well  known  geologist 
and  educator  of  great  ability.  On  May  27,  1845,  he  married  Lucy  Jane 
Kent,  daughter  of  A\'ill!am  A.  Kent,  of  Concord,  N.  H.,  and  the  niece 
of  Governor  Kent,  of  Maine.  The  Kent  family  was  one  of  prominence  in 
New  England  during  the  Colonial  days,  and  many  men  of  ability  have 
descended  from  it.  For  a  number  of  years  Colonel  Kent  was  in  the 
United  States  customs  service  in  Boston.  Ambrose  Wellington  died 
March  26,  1895,  and  his  wife  departed  this  life  April  25,  1907.' 

Edward  Winslow  Wellington  received  his  elementary  education  in  the 
public  schools.  Subsequently  he  attended  the  Latin  school  in  Boston, 
Mass.,  then  entered  Harvard  L'niversity,  graduating  from  the  literary 
department  with  the  class  of  1874.  After  leaving  college  he  began  to 
study  law  in  his  father's  office,  and  was  admitted  to  the  Massachusetts 
bar  in  1877.  Mr.  Wellington  came  west  in  the  spring  of  1877,  stopping 
in  Denver  for  a  short  time ;  from  that  city  he  rode  to  Saline  county,  Kan- 
sas, on  horseback,  a  perilous  trip  at  that  time,  as  Indian  raids  were  still 
frequent  along  the  trail.  He  operated  a  sheep  ranch  near  Tescott.  in 
Ottawa  county,  about  a  year,  then  engaged  in  the  same  business  on  the 
Elkhorn.  Ellsworth  county.  Having  faith  in  Kansas  and  its  future,  Mr. 
Wellington  purchased  12,000  acres  of  land  in  Ellsworth  county,  one  of 
the  largest  ranches  in  central  Kansas.  He  named  the  postoffice  near 
this  ranch  Carneiro,  a  Portuguese  word  meaning  mutton.  He  built  fme 
buildings  on  the  ranch,  so  that  it  presented  a  thoroughly  modern  appear- 
ance, and  became  one  of  the  noted  places  in  the  county.  In  1887,  Mr. 
Wellington  located  in  the  town  of  Ellsworth.  He  invested  heavily  in 
town  property  and  since  that  time  has  erected  more  business  blocks  and 
residences  than  any  other  man  in  the  town.  The  store  buildings  cover 
the  west  side  of  Douglas  avenue  from  First  to  Second  streets,  and  are 
the  best  in  the  city.  Since  locating  in  Ellsworth  Mr.  Wellington  has 
been  greatly  interested  in  civic  improvements.  At  an  early  day  he  pur- 
chased the  old  court  house,  opera  house  and  Odd  Fellows'  hall,  and  at 
once  began  tearing  them  down  to  make  room  for  new  buildings  with 
modern  conveniences.  He  was  the  first  to  install  steam  heat  in  his 
buildings.  Following  this  came  fine  plate-glass  fronts,  the  first  in  the 
town,  then  cement  sidewalks.  Taking  great  pride  in  the  growth  of  his 
home  city,  Mr.  Wellington  built,  owns  and  operates  the  sewerage  sys- 
tem of  the  town.  No  amount  of  time,  energy  or  money  is  too  great  for 
him  to  spend  if  it  be  for  the  betterment  of  the  community.  Mr.  Wel- 
lington typifies  the  spirit  of  the  West.    Progress  and  improvement  are 


BIOGRAPHICAL  7I 

his  watchwords.  He  is  preeminently  a  business  man  and  his  efforts 
have  been  crowned  with  well-deserved  success.  In  addition  to  his  large 
laud  holdings  he  has  a  business  concern  handling  loans  and  insurance 
under  the  firm  name  of  E.  W.  Wellington  &  Son.  They  also  have  an 
abstract  office. 

Mr.  Wellington  has  not  confined  his  energies  to  business  alone,  but  is 
one  of  the  most  prominent  Masons  in  Kansas.  He  is  a  past  grand  mas- 
ter of  Kansas,  past  grand  high  priest,  past  grand  commander,  past 
grand  master  of  Council,  past  potentate  Isis  temple,  Temple  Ancient 
Arabic  Order  Mystic  Shrine.  .Mr.  Wellington  is  a  Republican.  On 
September  23,  1879,  he  married  Clara,  the  daughter  of  Maj.  George  Ed- 
wards, United  States  arm}',  retired,  of  Boston,  who  was  a  classmate  of 
Gen.  U.  S.  Grant.  Mrs.  Wellington  was  a  niece  of  Milne  Edwards,  the 
well  known  naturalist  of  Paris.  One  child  has  been  born  to  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Wellington — Waldo  Forster — born  September  26.  1884,  and  is  asso- 
ciated with  his  father  in  business  in  F.llsworth.  Mrs.  Wellington  occu- 
pies a  prominent  place  in  the  social  life  of  Ellsworth  and  central  Kan- 
sas. The  Wellington  home  is  one  of  the  largest  and  finest  in  Ellsworth, 
with  beautiful  grounds  and  is  known  for  the  hospitality  of  its  hostess, 
who  has  many  friends. 

William  Eugene  Stanley. — There  is  no  quality  in  man  that  contributes 
so  much  toward  his  success  or  failure  in  life  as  that  great  fundamental 
in  his  make-up  which  we  call  character.  It  should  be  the  ambition  of 
every  one  to  so  shape  his  character  that  it  may  be  classified  under  the 
one  general  head — good ;  and,  perhaps,  no  man  ever  lived  who  better 
succeeded  in  that  laudable  ambition  than  the  late  William  Eugene  Stan- 
ley, of  Wichita,  ex-governor  of  Kansas,  distinguished  lav/yer,  honored 
citizen,  and  true  Christian  gentleman. 

Governor  Stanley  was  a  Buckeye  by  birth,  born  near  Danville,  Knox 
county,  Ohio,  December  28,  1844,  son  of  a  physician.  He  was  reared  on 
a  farm,  was  educated  in  the  common  schools  of  Hardin  county,  Ohio, 
and  in  the  Ohio  Wesleyan  University.  In  his  early  manhood  he  stud- 
ied law  in  Kenton  and  Dayton,  Ohio,  and  was  admitted  to  the  bar  at  the 
former  place  in  1868.  He  came  to  Kansas  in  1870,  and  for  two  years  re- 
sided in  Jefferson  county,  teaching  school  at  Perry,  and  later  serving 
as  county  attorney,  which  office  he  resigned  in  1872  and  removed  to 
Wichita.  This  city  becoming  his  permanent  residing  place  in  the  Sun- 
flower State,  he  resided  here  continuously  from  1872  to  the  date  of  his 
death,  a  period  of  nearly  forty  years,  barring  the  four  years  he  served  as 
governor  of  the  State,  during  which  he  necessarily  resided  in  Topcka. 
But  during  that  time  regarded  Wichita  as  his  home.  At  the  time  he 
located  there  Wichita  was  a  hamlet,  a  mere  speck,  so  to  speak,  upon  the 
great  unsettled  plains  of  southern  Kansas,  its  population  consisting,  for 
the  most  part,  of  cowboys,  ranchmen  and  adventurers,  together  with  a 
generous  supply  of  that  undesirable  element   who  derived   their  living 


•J2  BIOGRAPHICAL 

from  a  game  of  chance,  and  whose  wits  were  taxed  to  their  utmost 
in  the  hatching  and  baiting  of  schemes  which  would  enable  them  to  en- 
trap and  fleece  the  unsuspecting,  faith-laden  settler.  For  a  man  who 
possessed  the  habits,  tastes  and  tendencies  of  young  Stanley,  and  who 
had  been  brought  up  in  the  atmosphere  and  environment  that  attended 
his  early  life,  it  must  have  required  a  herculean  courage  for  him  to 
locate  there  at  all.  But  he  did  so,  and  instead  of  sinking  to  the  level 
of  his  new  environment,  as  many  another  would  have  done,  and  instead 
of  becoming  a  part  of  the  great  homogenous  mass  of  fleecers,  fakers, 
and  law-breakers,  which  obtained  here  then,  the  inborn,  high-bred, 
manly  character  of  William  Eugene  Stanley  and  a  few  other  men  of  the 
same  t3'pe  was  such  as  to  enable  them  to  stand  firm  for  the  right ;  to 
blaze  the  way,  by  precept  and  example,  for  order  and  good ;  to  fertilize 
the  \\'ichita  soil  in  such  a  manner  that,  where  only  weeds  of  wickedness 
and  sin  grew  before,  there  would  take  root  and  spring  up  the  massive 
oaks  of  religion,  education  and  civilization.  Slow,  but  sure  was  the 
metamorphosis.  But  in  time  it  came.  Right  triumphed,  and  today 
Wichita  is  one  of  the  most  orderly  and  law-abiding  cities  in  the  land; 
thanks  to  William  E.  Stanley  and  those  who  had  the  moral  courage  to 
stand  with  him. 

As  soon  as  Mr.  Stanley  located  in  Wichita  he  entered  upon  the  pur- 
suit of  his  profession,  and,  barring  the  time  he  occupied  the  guberna- 
torial chair,  was  a  practicing  lawyer  at  the  bar  throughout  the  full 
period  of  his  residence  there,  and  this  record  as  a  lawyer  forms  a  large 
part  of  the  legal  history  of  Sedgwick  and  adjoining  counties  during  that 
time,  and  it  is,  also,  stamped  upon  the  jurisprudence  of  the  State,  as 
well.  In  the  court  records  of  several  Kansas  counties,  including  Sedg- 
wick, the  name  of  William  E.  Stanley  appears  far  more  frequently  than 
that  of  any  other  lawyer,  showing  conclusively  that  he  was  the  fore- 
most and  most  successful  legal  advocate  in  his  section  of  the  State. 
However,  while  Mr.  Stanley  was  a  great  lawyer,  it  is  not  his  legal 
talent  alone  that  entitles  him  to  go  down  in  the  State's  history  as  one 
of  the  "great  men  of  his  time.  In  truth  there  were  other  qualities  and 
accomplishments  in  his  make-up  which  would,  doubtless,  completely 
overshadow  his  legal  attainments,  great  as  they  were.  He  was  twice 
honored  by  the  highest  gift  which  the  people  of  his  State  had  it  in  their 
power  to  bestow,  and  in  the  estimation  of  the  commonwealtlrs  historian 
this  fact,  together  with  his  official  accomplishments,  would  undoubtedly 
outweigh  all  of  his  achievements  at  the  bar,  brilliant  though  they  were. 
But  there  was  one  other  grand  quality  in  Mr.  Stanley's  personality 
which  completely  overshadows  both  of  these;  a  quality  beside  which 
his  legal  talent  was  as  an  ant  hill  to  a  mountain ;  a  quality  to  which, 
when  we  liken  the  matchless  triumphs  of  the  great  office  he  held,  it  is 
like  comparing  the  importance  of  a  brooklet  to  that  of  a  mighty  stream. 
This  one  paramount  quality  in  the  man  was  his  true,  manly,  inbred,  irre- 


BIOGRAPHICAL  73 

proachable  good  character — a  character  which  to  him  was  the  first 
consideration  of  his  life;  a  character  that  was  so  steadfast  in  him  that 
every  other  consideration  was  subordinated  to  it,  and  made  to  occupy 
a  minor  place.  This  one  great  factor  in  his  life  ever  and  at  all  times 
occupied  the  main  track,  and  had  full  right-of-way  over  and  above  every 
other  alternative.  It  was  the  cornerstone  of  his  ver}'  existence,  and 
buildcd,  as  it  was,  upon  bedrock,  it  was  as  unshakable  and  as  immovable 
as  Gibraltar  itself.  It  was  this  priceless  quality  in  Mr.  Stanley's  make- 
up, more  than  an\-  other,  that  was  responsible  for  his  great  success  in 
life,  both  at  the  bar  and  in  politics.  He  not  only  possessed  a  character 
of  the  highest  order,  but  it  was  of  that  superlative  kind  which  we  call 
Christian  character,  and  a  more  splendid  specimen  of  it  was,  perhaps, 
never  exemplified  by  the  life  of  anyone.  Always  a  God-fearing  man, 
and  a  devout  adherent  of  Christianity,  he  was  for  twenty-five  years  one 
of  the  pillars  of  the  First  Methodist  Episcopal  Church  of  Wichita,  and 
for  the  same  length  of  time  was  superintendent  of  its  Sabbath  school. 
Furthermore,  Governor  Stanley's  religion  was  not  merely  a  Sunday  re- 
ligion. He  wore  it  seven  days  in  each  week.  In  his  law  office  and 
home,  in  the  court  room  and  in  the  executive  chair  of  the  State,  his 
Christianity  and  religion  were  constantly  at  his  elbow,  ready  to  guide, 
aid  and  influence  his  every  thought  and  act.  This,  therefore,  was  his 
one  supreme  quality,  and  while  there  were  many  others  that  were  ex- 
cellent, this  one  sterling  asset  in  the  storehouse  of  his  manly  talents 
should  have  first  place  and  should  occupy  the  post  of  honor,  for  a  beau- 
tiful Christian  character  is  of  more  real  value  to  a  man  iliaii  riches — yea, 
of  more  value  even  than  mountains  of  pure  gold. 

While  Mr.  Stanley  had  always  taken  a  keen  interest  in  political  mat- 
ters and  was  an  ardent  member  of  the  Republican  party,  vet  he  was  in 
no  sense  a  politician,  and  barring  three  terms  of  service  as  attorney  for 
Sedgwick  county,  shortly  after  locating  in  Wichita;  also  as  police  com- 
missioner for  a  time,  under  the  metropolitan  system,  together  with  one 
term  in  the  State  legislature,  he  had  never  held  nor  been  a  candidate 
for  office  up  to  the  year  1898,  devoting  himself  energetically  to  his  law 
practice,  which  pursuit  was  more  congenial  to  his  tastes  and  inclinations. 
However,  in  1898,  when  the  Kei)ublican  party,  smarting  under  the  sting 
of  defeat  at  the  hands  of  the  Populists  and  Democrats  in  the  previous 
election,  fairly  ransacked  the  State  in  search  of  a  standard  bearer  for 
governor  on  whom  all  factions  of  the  party  could  unite,  the  trend  of 
political  sentiment  spontaneously  cemented  itself  in  favor  of  William 
E.  Stanley,  and  at  the  convention  held  at  Hutchinson,  in  June  of  that 
year,  he  received  the  nomination  for  the  highest  office  in  the  State,  and 
at  the  election  which  followed  was  triumphantly  elected  to  the  office  of 
governor.  His  first  administration  having  been  a  most  brilliant  suc- 
cess, in  the  vear  igoo  he  was  renominated  for  the  office  by  acclamation 
and  was  reelected  to  it  bv  even  a  larger  majority  than  he  had  received 


74  BIOGRAPHICAL 

the  first  time,  in  spite  of  the  most  strenuous  efforts  the  fusion  ticket 
could  put  forth.  He  served  out  the  two  full  terms  and  undoubtedly 
made  one  of  the  best  governors  the  State  of  Kansas  ever  had.  It  is 
not  the  purpose  of  the  writer  to  enter  upon  an  exhaustive  discussion  of 
his  official  acts  in  this  brief  sketch,  for  all  of  that  will  be  fully  covered 
in  another  department  of  this  work.  Suffice  it  to  say,  however,  that  th,e 
two  administrations  of  Gov.  William  E.  Stanley  will  go  down  in  his- 
tory as  two  of  the  most  successful  administrations  the  State  ever  had, 
and  his  fame  as  a  splendid  chief  executive  now  permeates  every  part 
of  Kansas  and  is  admitted  by  all  exponents  of  public  opinion,  regardless 
of  political  sentiments  and  affiliations.  At  the  close  of  his  second  term 
as  governor  he  returned  to  Wichita  and  resumed  the  practice  of  law, 
and  was  thus  engaged  at  the  time  of  his  death,  being  the  senior  mem- 
ber of  the  firm  of  Stanley,  Vermillion  &  Evans,  composed  of  himself, 
R.  R.  Vermillion  and  Earl  W.  Evans.  Four  years  after  Mr.  Stanley 
first  located  in  Wichita,  or  on  May  30,  1876,  he  was  united  in  marriage 
to  Miss  Emma  Lenora  Hills,  the  daughter  and  only  child  of  Henry 
James  Hills,  a  dry  goods  merchant  of  Wichita.  Her  mother's  maiden 
name  was  W^illampy  Du  Bois.  Mrs.  Stanley  Was  born  in  Covington, 
Ind.,  April  4,  1858.  Both  of  her  parents  were  born  in  Franklin  county, 
Ohio.  She  came  to  Wichita  with  them,  in  1871,  from  the  State  of  Iowa, 
whither  they  had  removed  from  Indiana  when  she  was  a  small  child. 
For  several  years  her  father  was  engaged  as  a  merchant,  in  both  Keokuk 
and  Prairie  City,  of  the  Hawkeye  State.  Henry  James  Hills  had  been 
partly  reared  in  Ohio  and  at  Crawfordsville,  Ind.  He  had  learned  the 
dry  goods  business  at  Delaware,  Ohio.  He  became  one  of  the  pioneer 
dr}-  goods  merchants  of  Wichita  and  built  on  the  corner  of  Second  and 
Main  streets  the  first  brick  store  in  the  city,  which  building  still  stands. 
He  followed  mercantile  pursuits  there  for  many  years  and  made  a  name 
for  himself  as  a  man  of  sterling  habits,  inflexible  honesty  and  unim- 
peachable integrity.  He  died  on  June  20,  1908,  having  celebrated  his 
golden  wedding  in  the  previous  year,  an  occasion  which  was  attended 
by  several  brothers  and  sisters  of  himself  and  wife  from  other  States, 
as  well  as  by  two  attendants  at  their  marriage  fifty  years  before.  His 
widow,  the  mother  of  Mrs.  Stanley,  still  survives,  and  she  resides  near 
the  home  of  her  daughter  in  Riverside,  Wichita. 

Mrs.  William  E.  Stanley  is  one  of  the  most  prominent  women  in  the 
State,  and  is  scarcely  less  prominent  than  her  distinguished  husband. 
In  Wichita,  her  home,  she  easily  occupies  the  post  of  honor  as  the  first 
lady  of  the  city.  Having  finished  her  education  at  the  Atheneum  of 
Jacksonville,  III.,  she  has  throughout  all  her  life  taken  an  active  interest 
in  all  movements  inaugurated  and  conducted  by  the  patriotic  women 
of  the  land ;  and  she  has  been  particularly  active  in  those  two  superb 
organizations — the  Society  of  Colonial  Dames  and  the  Daughters  of  the 
American  Revolution — being  one  of  the  foremost  women  in  Kansas  in 


BIOGRAPHICAL  75 

the  work  of  both.  Her  membership  in  the  Colonial  Dames  was  secured 
through  her  relationship  to  Gov.  Thomas  Wells,  of  Connecticut,  who 
was  one  of  her  paternal  ancestors,  while  her  admission  to  the  Daugh- 
ters was  brought  about  through  her  descent  from  Joseph  Allen,  of  her 
maternal  ancestry.  However,  her  eligibility  to  become  a  Dame  came 
through  ten  different  lines  of  descent,  and  to  become  a  Daughter  through 
five  different  lines  of  descent.  She  served  for  two  years  as  the  regent 
of  Eunice  Sterling  chapter,  Daughters  of  the  American  Revolution,  of 
Wichita,  resigning  it  to  become  State  regent  in  1903,  and  serving  as 
such  for  five  years.  She  is  now  vice-president-general  of  the  National 
Society,  Daughters  of  the  American  Revolution,  having  been  elected  as 
such  in  1908,  and  reelected  in  1910,  being  one  of  twenty  such  vice-presi- 
dents in  the  United  States,  as  well  as  the  only  Kansas  woman  who  has 
ever  been  thus  honored.  In  1910  she  was  made  an  honorary  State  regent 
by  the  National  Society.  She  was  one  of  the  charter  members  of  the 
Society  of  Colonial  Dames,  of  Kansas,  and  is  prominent  in  its  work. 
Besides  her  work  in  these  National  organizations,  Mrs.  Stanley  takes 
prominent  part  in  the  social  and  religious  life  of  \\'ichita,  being  deeply 
interested  in  the  local  chapters  of  the  two  organizations  mentioned 
above  and  a  prominent  and  active  member  of  the  First  Methodist 
Episcopal  Church  :  and  she  is  the  honored  and  central  figure  at  a  large 
number  of  the  exclusive  social  functions  of  the  city. 

During  the  four  years  that  Mrs.  Stanley  was  in  the  social  limelight 
as  mistress  of  the  governor's  home  in  Topeka  she  wore  her  honors  with 
becoming  modesty  and  discharged  the  trying  duties  of  the  "first  lady  of 
the  State"  in  such  a  manner  as  to  win  the  plaudits  of  the  most  exacting 
critics.  It  was  the  universal  acclaim  of  everyone  who  was  in  a  position 
to  observe  and  to  know  something  of  the  social  side  of  Governor  Stan- 
ley's two  terms  that  as  the  presiding  head  of  the  State's  "white  house" 
she  honored  herself  and  the  State  as  few  governor's  wives  have  done,  and 
though  she,  herself,  would  make  no  such  claims,  she  undoubtedly  de- 
serves a  large  share  of  the  credit  for  the  splendid  success  of  Governor 
Stanley's  two  administrations.  She  akso  has  the  honor  of  being  the  first 
mistress  of  the  new  executive  residence  in  Topeka.  She  now  occupies 
the  old  Stanley  homestead  in  Riverside,  one  of  Wichita's  most  fashion- 
able residence  suburbs.  It  is  one  of  the  most  picturesque  and  delightful 
homes  of  the  city,  and  has  been  the  scene  of  many  of  Wichita's  most 
exclusive  society  gatherings.  Her  marriage  to  Governor  Stanley  resulted 
in  the  birth  of  four  children  :  Charles  Albert  died  at  the  age  of  twenty 
months ;  Harry  Wilbur  is  a  general  agent  of  the  Equitable  Life  Insurance 
Company  with  headquarters  at  Wichita ;  Miss  Harriet  Eugenia,  after 
studying  at  Welleslcy,  graduated  at  Baker  I'niversity  and  is  a  former 
teacher  in  the  Wichita  High  School ;  and  William  Eugene.  Jr.,  is  a  stu- 
dent at  the  University  of  Chicago. 

Though  Governor  Stanley  was  twice  the  recipient  of  the  highest  po- 


76  mOGRAPHICAL 

litical  honor  it  was  possible  for  the  people  of  the  State  to  confer  his  high 
character  and  splendid  qualifications  were  such  that  he  received  many 
other  honors  in  the  course  of  his  career,  some  of  them  being  of  a  National 
character.  On  November  6,  1899,  President  William  McKinley  appointed 
him  a  member  of  the  committee  on  the  National  celebration  of  the  es- 
tablishment of  the  seat  of  government  in  the  District  of  Columbia,  and 
his  commission  as  such,  signed  by  both  President  McKinley  and  John 
Hay,  Secretary  of  State,  is  one  of  the  cherished  possessions  of  the  Stanley 
family.  Again,  on  February  16,  1903,  he  was  appointed  by  President 
Theodore  Roosevelt  a  commissioner  to  negotiate  with  the  Indians  of 
the  Cherokee,  Choctaw,  Chickasaw,  Muskogee  and  Seminole  nations, 
and  this  commission,  bearing  the  signature  of  Theodore  Roosevelt,  is 
likewise  a  cherished  heirloom  of  the  famil_y.  Another  honor  he  received 
was  that  of  Doctor  of  Laws,  conferred  on  him  by  Bethany  College. 

It  is  fitting  that  a  biography  in  a  work  of  this  description  should  con- 
tain, to  some  extent,  the  ancestry  of  those  whose  biographies  appear. 
Governor  Stanley  was  descended  from  an  ancestry  that  played  a  very 
prominent  part  in  the  early  history  of  this  country.  In  direct  line  his 
ancestor,  Thomas  Stanley,  came  to  this  country  in  1634  and  removed  to 
Hartford  in  1636,  in  which  locality  the  activities  of  the  family  were  con- 
fined for  the  next  century.  His  son,  Nathaniel,  married  Sarah  Boosey ; 
their  son,  Nathaniel,  married  Anna  ^^'hiting;  their  son  was  Nathaniel, 
a  Yale  graduate  of  1726,  who  married  Mary  Marshall,  and  their  son  was 
Marshall;  hi3  son,  Nathaniel,  married  Mary  Moore;  their  son,  William 
Lytle,  married  Eliza  Fleming;  and  their  son,  Alman  Fleming,  father  of 
Governor  Stanley,  married  Angelina  Sapp,  daughter  of  John  Sapp  and 
Elizabeth  Myers.  Three  of  Governor  Stanley's  ancestors — John  Flem- 
ing, Lieut.  Robert  King  and  Lieut.  William  Moore — fought  in  the  Rev- 
olution, from  Pennsylvania.  Nathaniel  Stanley,  son  of  Thomas,  was 
one  of  the  members  of  the  body  which  acted  as  the  supreme  court,  from 
1690  until  his  death  in  1712.  His  son  occupied  the  same  position  and 
was  treasurer  of  Connecticut  from  1725  to  1755.  He  was  preceded  in  the 
office  of  treasurer  of  his  father-in-law,  Joseph  WHiiting,  who  held  the 
place  from  1679  to  1718,  and  was  preceded  by  his  father,  William  Whit- 
ing, who,  in  addition  to  being  treasurer,  was  a  supreme  judge  and  a  mem- 
ber of  the  first  house  of  representatives  in  Connecticut,  in  1637.  The 
grandfather  of  Nathaniel  Stanley  (3)  was  John  Allyn,  who  was  secretary 
of  the  colony  from  1657  to  1695,  supreme  judge  for  many  years,  and  a 
member  of  the  council  of  Sir  Edmund  Andros.  His  father,  Matthews 
Allj'n,  likewise  a  representative  and  supreme  judge,  from  1658  to  1667, 
was  a  commissioner  of  the  United  Colonies  in  1660  and  1664.  The  line 
also  runs  back  to  William  P3'ncheon,  one  of  the  original  patentees  of  Mas- 
sachusetts, under  the  charter  of  Charles  I.,  granted  in  1629.  Pyncheon 
came  over  with  Winthrop  in  1630  and  founded  and  governed  Springfield, 
Mass.,  to  1652,  when  he  returned  to  England.    Possibly  the  most  distin- 


BIOGRAPHICAL  -J^ 

guished  man  among  all  these  was  William  Leete,  a  graduate  of  Cam- 
bridge, who  came  to  America  in  1638  and  was  a  magistrate  of  Guilford, 
deputy  and  governor  of  New  Haven  colony  from  1658  to  1664;  deputy 
governor  of  Connecticut  from  1609  to  1676,  and  governor  from  1676  until 
his  death  in  1683.  Governor  Leete  was  one  of  Connecticut's  greatest 
early  statesmen  and  it  is  through  him  that  Governor  Stanley  became  a 
member  of  the  society,  "Sons  and  Daughters  of  Colonial  Governors." 
Governor  Stanley  was  proud  of  his  parentage,  but  it  made  no  change  in 
his  demeanor,  as  his  belief  was  in  the  individual  building  of  character 
and  not  in  its  inheritance. 

It  was  not  destined  that  Governor  Stanley  should  be  permitted  to 
enjoy  a  long  span  of  life  after  he  retired  from  public  office,  though  the 
seven  years  which  intervened  between  the  close  of  his  second  term  as 
governor  and  his  death  formed,  perhaps,  the  happiest  epoch  in  his  career. 
In  the  full  enjoyment  of  private  life  he  devoted  himself  to  the  law,  to 
his  church  and  to  his  family  and  home;  and  it  may  also.be  said,  to  his 
neighbors,  for  one  of  the  marked  traits  of  his  character  was  to  do  little 
acts  of  kindness  and  to  drop  a  flower  here  and  there  in  the  pathways  of 
those  with  w^hom  he  came  in  daily  contact.  But  it  was  not  the  Supreme 
will  that  he  should  be  spared  to  his  neighbors  and  family  very  long, 
and  on  October  13,  1910,  yielding  to  the  ravages  of  an  ailment  which  had 
annoyed  him  for  some  time,  the  great  heart  of  William  Eusfene  Stanley 
ceased  to  beat  and  his  spirit  joined  the  hosts  in  the  great  bex'ond. 

The  death  of  Governor  Stanley,  though  not  wholly  unexpected,  proved 
a  shock  to  the  whole  community  and  to  the  entire  State.  The  people  of 
^\'ichita  and  of  Kansas,  as  one  great  unit,  bowed  their  heads,  and,  for 
the  time  being,  became  mourners.  Messages  of  condolences  from  Gov- 
ernor Stanley's  friends  in  both  Kansas  and  other  States  poured  in  on  his 
surviving  helpmeet,  and  these  served,  to  some  extent,  to  soften  the  blow 
and  to  lessen  the  pangs  which  ever  attend  the  great  sting  of  death.  Many 
were  the  personal  letters  she  received  from  prominent  friends  of  the  gov- 
ernor throughout  the  State.  Numerous  associations,  societies  and  other 
organized  bodies  hastened  to  meet  and  pass  resolutions  of  sorrow  and  re- 
spect. The  Sedgwick  County  Bar  Association,  of  which  he  had  been  an 
honored  member  ever  since  its  organization,  was  among  these  and  as  an 
additional  mark  of  respect  it  presented  its  resolutions  to  Mrs.  Stanley  in 
the  form  of  a  handsomely  printed  morocco  bound  volume.  Since  these 
resolutions  were  drafted  and  adopted  by  his  colleagues  at  the  bar  it  is 
thought  to  be  most  appropriate  to  reproduce  them  herein,  in  full.  They 
are  as  follows : 

"By  sudden  death,  which  came  as  a  shock  to  our  city  and  State,  there 
has  been  removed  from  our  midst  Hon.  William  E.  Stanley,  one  of  the 
most  gifted,  honorable,  high-minded  and  able  members  of  our  profession. 
Brother  Stanley  was  for  nearly  forty  years  one  of  the  leaders  of  the  Sedg- 
wick county  bar  and  was  accorded  a  place  in  the  legal  profession  through- 


78  BIOGRAPHICAL 

out  the  State  as  a  trial  lawyer,  counsellor  and  jurist.  His  life  is  worthy 
of  emulation  by  the  members  of  the  bar  and  merits  a  recorded  tribute. 
Therefore,  be  it 

"Resolved  by  the  Sedgwick  County  Bar  Association  that  the  following 
resolutions  be  adopted,  and  that  the  committee  from  this  association 
present  a  copy  of  the  same  to  the  Supreme  Court  of  Kansas,  the  Circuit 
Court  of  the  United  States  for  the  district  of  Kansas,  sitting  at  Wichita, 
and  the  District  Court  of  Sedgwick  county,  Kansas,  with  a  request  that 
the  same  be  entered  on  the  journals  and  made  a  permanent  record  in  the 
said  several  courts : 

"In  view  of  the  services  of  Brother  Stanley  as  a  citizen  Qf  Wichita 
and  one  of  the  great  factors  in  its  upbuilding,  his  services  as  county  at- 
torney, as  a  member  of  the  State  legislature,  and  as  governor  of  the  State, 
his  high  character  and  noble  attributes  as  a  man,  rare  gifts  as  a  compre- 
hensive and  ever-ready  public  speaker  and  orator,  integrity  and  ability 
as  a  lawyer,  and  sound  judgment  as  a  jurist,  we,  the  members  of  the 
Sedgwick  County  Bar  Association,  as  a  memorial  to  the  high  esteem  in 
which  he  was  held  by  his  brethren  of  the  bar,. bear  testimony  of  and  attest 
the  good  humor,  ability,  integrity  and  industry  with  which  he  discharged 
his  obligations  and  fulfilled  his  duties  in  every  public  and  private  station 
in  life;  that  his  private  character  and  life  were  without  reproach,  his 
public  acts  without  blemish  or  stain;  his  official  life  was  honorable, 
marked  by  fidelity,  distinguished  by  learning,  honesty  of  purpose  and 
uprightness ;  that  his  professional  courtesy,  his  generous  bearing  toward 
the  members  of  the  profession,  ready  to  help  the  younger  members  of 
the  bar,  hearty  submission  to  the  verdict  or  decision  against  him,  sincere 
faith  in  the  honesty  and  integrity  of  judges  and  juries,  generous  for- 
bearance in  victory,  endear  his  memory  to  this  bar,  and  will  cause  it  to 
recall  him,  not  only  so  long  as  the  members  frequent  this  room  in  the 
practice  of  the  law,  but  until  they  follow  him. 

"We  recognize  that  in  the  period  of  time  that  has  elapsed  since  Wichita 
was  a  struggling  town  on  the  border  of  civilization  down  until  yester- 
day Governor  Stanley  stood  in  the  front  rank  as  a  citizen  in  promoting 
everything  tending  to  upbuild  or  advance  the  city  of  Wichita,  freely 
giving  his  energy,  time,  money,  voice  and  brains;  ever  encouraging  the 
building  of  the  common  schools  and  higher  institutions  of  learning  or 
morality,  helping  to  promote  all  these  things  to  our  general  good,  and 
at  all  times  striving  to  raise  the  standard  of  our  citizenship;  ever  eager 
and  anxious  to  witness  the  crystalization  of  the  moral  sentiment  of  the 
city.  He  was  an  intellectual  force  and  moral  power  of  the  city  toward 
a  hi,gher  plane.  His  death  leaves  his  place  vacant  in  Wichita.  His  man- 
tle has  fallen  and  there  is  none  to  wear  it.  He  was  looked  upon  as  a 
leader  by  all  classes  in  whatever  engaged  his  time  and  sympathies. 

"He  possessed  moral  and  phj'sical  courage,  self-reliance,  talent  (at 
times  amounting  to  genius),  absolute  faith  in  his  cause,  and  the  confi- 


BIOGRAPHICAL  79 

dence  of  liis  co-workers;  all  of  whicli  go  to  make  up  those  rare  and  in- 
definable qualities  in  a  man.  which,  united,  arc  at  once  recognized  under 
the  one  word,  'leadership.' 

"Resolved,  That  a  copy  of  these  resolutions  be  transmitted  to  the 
family  of  our  dead  brother  and  to  the  Wichita  'Beacon  and  Eagle'  for 
publication.  Signed:  Kos  Harris,  Henry  C.  Sluss,  D.  M.  Dale,  Thomas 
C.  Wilson,  E.  B.  Jewett,  and  Earl  W.  Evans." 

No  sketch  of  Governor  Stanley,  however  long,  would  be  complete  if  it 
did  not  have  something  to  say  concerning  his  domestic  and  private  life, 
for  it  is  this  mirror  which  more  clearh'  reflects  a  man's  true  likeness  than 
any  other.  A  loving  husband,  a  kind,  patient  and  indulgent  father,  his 
home  life  was  one  perpetual  session  of  domestic  felicity  and  happiness. 
It  was  among  the  treasures  of  his' private  life  that  the  real  gems  of  his 
character  were  most  abundant,  and  it  was  within  the  sacred  precincts  of 
his  home  that  the  great  polar  star  of  his  being  shone  most  brightly.  In 
the  close  proximity  of  his  family,  neighbors  and  friends  the  sunlight  of 
his  nature  gave  forth  its  most  radiant  light.  Possessing  a  warm  heart 
and  an  unfailing  tendency  to  do  good  his  pathway  was  strewn  with  flow- 
ers of  kindness  and  his  associations  were  decorated  with  deeds  of  love. 
To  the  widow  and  daughter,  to  the  sons  and  to  his  friends,  his  life  sho'.ild 
ever  be  an  inspiration  ;  and  to  the  rising  youth  it  should  ever  be  a  worthy 
object  of  emulation. 

Otis  L.  Benton,  banker  and  capitalist  of  Oberlin,  Kan.,  and  the  recently 
appointed  supervisor  of  Indian  funds,  is  a  native  Kansan,  having  been 
born  in  Pottawatomie  county,  July  31,  1866,  son  of  Almon  and  Betsey 
F.  Benton,  natives  of  New  York,  who  came  to  Pottawatomie  county  as 
pioneers  in  1859.  Here  Almon  Benton  was  engaged  in  farming  and  stock 
business,  and  here  his  son,  Otis  L.,  was  born  and  raised  and  received  his 
early  education.  Later  he  went  to  the  city  schools  of  Louisville,  Kan., 
Washburn  College  in  Topeka  and  Elliott's  Business  College,  of  Bur- 
lington, Iowa. 

At  the  age  of  nineteen  years  Mr.  Benton  came  to  Oberlin,  where  he 
was  employed  as  bookkeeper  in  the  Oberlin  State  Bank,  holding  that 
position  for  two  years,  when  he  was  made  cashier.  He  remained  with 
this  bank  as  cashier  and  vice-president  until  1891,  when  he  organized  the 
Oberlin  National  Bank,  of  which  he  was  the  first  cashier,  and  the  twen- 
ty-one years  he  has  been  connected  with  this  institution  saw  him  rise 
from  cashier  to  vice-president  and  then  to  president.  Mr.  Benton  also 
organized  the  First  National  Bank  of  Norcatur,  the  First  State  Bank  of 
Cedar  Bluffs,  and  the  First  Bank  of  Dresden,  and  many  other  financial 
institutions,  notably  among  which  is  the  Decatur  County  .Abstract  Com- 
panv,  which  concern  has  the  most  complete  records  of  any  abstract  com- 
pany in  the  State.  Not  only  has  he  been  interested  in  financial  concerns, 
but  has  dealt  more  heavily  in  cattle  than  any  other  man  in  the  north- 
western section  of  the  State,  handling  from  three  to  five  thousand  head 


80'  BIOGRAPHICAL 

of  Stock, per  year.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Benton  &  Hopkins  firm,  which 
deals  exclusively  in  cattle. 

The  banks  which  he  has  organized  are  not  the  only  ones  in  which 
Mr.  Benton  is  interested.  He  is  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Benton  & 
Douglas,  bankers,  also  organized  the  largest  corporation  in  western 
Kansas,  known  as  the  Benton  &  Hopkins  Investment  Company,  with  a 
capitalization  of  $200,000,  of  which  he  is  president.  This  company  is 
doing  perhaps  the  largest  business  in  northern  Kansas  and  one  of  the 
largest  in  the  whole  State.  Mr.  Benton,  of  the  firm  of  Benton  &  Steele, 
caused  the  consolidation  of  five  telephone  companies,  and  the  new  com- 
pany is  known  as  the  Consolidated  Telephone  Company,  with  general 
offices  at  Oberlin,  Kan.,  and  paid-up  capital  of  $150,000,  thereby  giving 
its  patrons  better  service  at  greatly  reduced  rates. 

Mr.  Benton  has  accumulated  a  comfortable  fortune  and  won  the  afflu- 
ence it  brings,  yet  he  has  not  hoarded  up  in  the  neighborhood  of  half  a 
million  dollars  and  overlooked  any  opportunity  to  assist  in  the  welfare, 
happiness  and  prosperity  of  the  people  of  Kansas.  He  has  always  con- 
tributed liberally  to  the  churches  and  colleges  of  his  home  county,  as 
well  as  in  different  parts  of  the  State,  and  any  benevolent  society  has 
alwa^'S  found  him  a  ready  and  liberal  contributor.  Nor  has  he  confined 
his  liberality  to  societies  and  institutions,  but  has  sought  other  waj'S  of 
being  of  assistance  to  the  people  of  the  State.  In  1910,  in  order  to  put 
the  farmers  of  this  section  of  the  country  in  better  circumstances  he 
distributed  8,000  bushels  of  a  new  variety  of  seed  wheat  among  them 
and  in  1911  distributed  6,000  bushels.  Besides  assisting  the  farmers  in 
wheat  raising  he  has  tried  to  encourage  diversified  farming,  by  offering 
prizes  for  the  best  colts,  corn,  Kaffir  corn,  Indian  corn,  milo  maize,  cane 
and  other  farm  products,  in  the  wa}-  of  round-trip  tickets  to  Topeka,  and 
coupon  tickets  to  the  State  fair,  of  which  he  is  a  director.  At  the  award- 
ing of  these  prizes  a  great  deal  of  enthusiasm  was  displayed  by  the  farm- 
ers and  the  town  was  full  of  people.  Some  of  the  finest  colts  and  farm 
products  ever  seen  in  this  section  were  on  exhibit.  The  contest  was  con- 
ducted for  Mr.  Benton  by  the  officers  of  the  farmers'  institr.te  of  Decatur 
county  in  a  manner  satisfactory  to  all.  Mr.  Benton  takes  great  interest 
in  educational  matters,  and  is  at  present  one  of  the  trustees  of  Wash- 
burn College.  He  has  a  number  of  ranches  in  this  part  of  the  country, 
10,000  acres  in  all.  each  ranch  managed  by  competent  men,  and  all  under 
his  supervision.  His  residence  in  Oberlin  is  one  of  the  finest  in  the 
State. 

While  Mr.  Benton  has  taken  an  active  part  in  politics  he  has  never 
permitted  his  name  to  be  used  as  candidate  for  any  position.  He  was 
chairman  of  the  Republican  senatorial  committee  in  1896,  and  has  also 
been  chairman  of  the  Republican  central  committee.  He  was  a  delegate 
to  the  Chicago  National  Republican  convention  in  1908,  and  has  been 
prominent'v   mentioned  several    times   for   congressman.      lie   is    a   lift 


BIOGRAPHICAL  8l 

member  and  director  of  the  Kansas  State  Historical  Society;  is  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Kansas  Bankers'  Association,  and  at  the  Wichita  meeting, 
May  17  to  19,  1904,  delivered  an  address  on  "The  Country  Banker  and 
Cattle  Paper  in  the  Light  of  History ;"  is  a  member  of  the  State  Agricul- 
tural Association,  and  in  1903  delivered  an  address  before  that  body  on 
"The  Live  Stock  and  Agriculture  Feature  of  Northwest  Kansas."  Be- 
sides various  addresses  before  the  different  associations  of  Kansas,  Mr. 
Benton  has  written  articles  for  papers  and  magazines  on  various  sub- 
jects. Five  years  ago  he  toured  England  with  his  family,  and  on  his 
return  wrote  an  article  for  the  newspapers  on  "European  Cathedrals  and 
Abbeys  as  Twentieth  Century  Monuments  to  Biblical  History,"  which 
received  wide  and  favorable  press  notices.  Mr.  Benton  has  just  been 
appointed  by  President  Taft  as  supervisor  of  Indian  funds,  and  took  the 
office  January  2,  1913,  his  duties  being  to  maintain  supervision  of  these 
funds  and  recommend  the  manner  in  which  to  handle  this  vast  property. 
He  is  a  member  of  the  Presbyterian  church,  of  the  Ancient  Order  Ignited 
Workmen,  Modern  Woodmen  of  America,  Benevolent  and  Protective 
Order  of  Elks,  the  Knights  of  Pythias  and  the  Sons  and  Daughters  of 
Justice. 

Dempster  Scott  was  born  in  Lapeer  count)',  Michigan,  March  24,  1853. 
He  was  the  only  child  of  Orcn  and  Susan  (Hungerford)  Scott.  His 
father  was  born  and  grew  to  manhood  in  Vermont  and  his  mother  was 
born  and  raised  in  New  York.  He  father  was  one  of  those  sturdy  front- 
iersmen who  pioneered  in  New  York,  Ohio,  Wisconsin,  Michigan,  Iowa 
and  Kansas.  lie  worked  many  years  of  his  .life  at  the  carpenter  trade, 
helping  to  build  the  first  capitol  at  Madison,  Wis. 

In  the  spring  of  i860  he  sold  his  property  in  Lapeer  county,  Michigan, 
and  with  his  wife,  Susan,  and  son,  Dempster,  started  with  a  team  for 
Kansas.  In  Appanoose  county,  Iowa,  he  met  people  returning  from 
Kansas,  who  said  that  the  crops  were  killed  by  drought;  that  the  streams 
and  wells  were  going  dry ;  that  stock  was  dying  from  want  of  water,  and 
that  everyone  was  leaving  the  Territory  of  Kansas.  He  decided  to  re- 
main in  Appanoose  county  that  summer,  and  in  the  fall  moved  to  Ma- 
quokcta,  Iowa.  In  the  spring  of  1861  he  moved  from  there  to  Clreen 
county,  Wisconsin,  where  the  family  lived  till  the  spring  of  1871,  when 
he  again  loaded  an  emigrant  wagon  and  started  for  Kansas  with  his  wife 
and  son.  In  the  latter  part  of  May  of  that  year  he  arrived  at  Clyde, 
Kan.,  where  they  camped  while  he  looke(k around  for  a  homestead.  On 
June  I  he  located  on  the  watershed,  where  the  water  runs  north  to 
Five  Creeks  and  south  to  Chapman  creek,  being  three  miles  east  of 
where  Miltonvale  is  now  located.  Junction  City,  forty-five  miles  away, 
was  the  nearest  railroad  point.  The  terminal  of  the  Central  Branch  was 
then  at  Watervillc,  which  was  forty-eight  miles  distant.  Oak  Hill,  ten 
miles  away,  was  the  nearest  postoffice.  During  that  summer  there  were 
many  antelopes  in  the  country  and  one  could  sec  them  nearly  every  day, 


82  BIOGRAPHICAL 

and  the  deer  also  were  numerous.  That  fall  a  band  of  Indians  camped 
at  the  head  of  Five  Creeks  and  killed  many  deer.  Oren  Scott's  home 
was  only  one-half  mile  from  the  Texas  cattle  trail,  over  which  thou- 
sands and  thousands  of  Texas  cattle  were  driven  north  from  Abilene, 
where  \\'ild  Bill  was  city  marshal.  In  1872  a  star  route  was  established 
from  Concordia  to  Oak  Hill.  The  Zahnesville  postoffice  was  established 
at  the  home  of  Oren  Scott  and  he  was  postmaster  for  six  years.  Oren 
and  Susan  Scott  died  in  Miltonvale. 

In  the  spring  of  1874  Dempster  Scott,  having  attained  his  majority, 
began  work  for  himself.  He  bought  two  yoke  of  cattle  and  commenced 
breaking  prairie.  That  was  the  famous  grasshopper  year.  During  the 
latter  part  of  July  the  hoppers  came  down  in  showers  and  ate  whole 
fields  of  corn  in  a  single  night.  In  a  few  weeks  they  had  eaten  all  the 
vegetation  except  the  prairie  grass.  In  September  of  that  year  Demp- 
ster Scott  went  to  Illinois  and  worked  in  Mason  county  until  the  next 
February,  when  he  returned  home.  In  that  month  he  took  a  homestead 
of  160  acres,  one-half  mile  north  of  his  father's  place.  He  built  a  dug- 
out and  a  stone  stable,  and  broke  120  acres  of  prairie.  In  1876  and  1877 
he  broke  prairie  with  his  oxen  for  T.  C.  Henr}-,  the  Union  Pacific  land 
agent  at  Abilene,  who  was  then  the  wheat  king  of  Kansas. 

On  December  10,  1878,  Dempster  Scott  was  united  in  marriage  to  ^liss 
Clara  Dunn,  the  daughter  of  James  B.  and  Isabella  Dunn,  both  of  whom 
were  born  and  raised  in  Pennsylvania.  James  B.  Dunn  enlisted  in  Com- 
pany M,  Second  regiment,  Pennsylvania  volunteer  heavy  artillery,  on 
February  8,  1864,  and  served  two  years.  He  was  in  a  number  of  hard- 
fought  battles  of  the  war.  Clara  Dunn  was  born  in  Mercer  county, 
Pennsylvania,  on  December  i,  1861,  and  after  the  war  removed  with  her 
parents  to  Monroe  county,  Iowa,  afterwards  coming  to  Sullivan  county, 
Missouri.  In  the  spring  of  1877  the  family  came  to  Cloud  county,  taking 
a  homestead  two  miles  east  of  ^^liltonvale,  and  on  that  place  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Scott  were  united  in  marriage.  James  B.  Dunn  died  in  Atwood  in  1902 
and  his  wife  died  in  the  same  city  in  1900. 

Dempster  Scott  and  his  wife  lived  on  their  homestead  until  the  spring 
of  1880.  Their  eldest  son,  Charley  E.  Scott,  was  born  in  the  old  dug- 
out on  October  18,  1879.  In  the  spring  of  1880  they  made  proof  o;i  their 
claim  and  moved  to  Burr  Oak,  where  Mr.  Scott  and  Dr.  Monnahan 
engaged  in  the  drug  business  for  three  months.  He  then  returned  with 
his  family  to  Zahnesville.  which  is  now  located  close  to  the  southwest 
corner  of  the  homestead  which  they  had  recently  left.  They  started  a 
small  drug  store.  In  the  spring  of  1881  Dud  Hathway,  of  Clay  Center, 
and  W.  T.  Mathews,  of  Zahnesville,  who  now  lives  at  Miltonvale,  erected 
a  new  store  building,  24  x  60,  two  stories,  one  mile  east  of  Miltonvale, 
anticipating  the  arrival  of  the  Kansas  Central  railroad  (narrow  gauge), 
for  which  Star  township,  in  Cloud  count)',  had  voted  $10,000  in  bonds. 
In  1882  Dempster  Scott  secured  six  yoke  of  cattle,  hitched  them  to  his 


BIOGRAPHICAL  83 

Store,  which  was  14  x  28,  ten  feet  being  partitioned  off  of  the  rear  for  a 
residence,  and  hauled  it  to  the  new  location.  Shortly  afterwards  the 
Zahnesville  postoffice  was  moved  to  that  place.  In  1881  the  railroad 
built  the  grade  and  in  April,  1882,  laid  the  track  to  Miltonvale,  which 
derived  its  name  from  Milton  Tootle,  late  of  St.  Joseph,  Mo.,  he  owning 
the  land  on  which  the  town  was  built.  Mr.  Scott  bought  one  of  the  first 
lots  sold  and  built  one  of  the  first  buildings,  moving  his  store  to  the  new 
town  within  two  da%-s  after  the  first  train  ran  into  Miltonvale.  On  the 
night  of  July  9,  1883,  a  disastrous  fire  visited  Miltonvale  and  Scott's 
drug  store  and  residence,  in  the  rear,  were  destroyed,  but  owing  to  the 
energ}'  of  an  insurance  agent  he  had  $1,000  insurance,  and  within  two 
weeks  bought  out  his  former  competitor.  Dr.  S.  V.  Fairchild,  and  for 
several  months  had  the  only  drug  store  in  the  thriving  town  of  Milton- 
vale. On  July  29,  1881,  a  daughter  was  born  to  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Scott  and 
was  christened  Jessie  Belle  Scott,  and  on  August  7,  1884,  Oren  Dempster 
Scott,  their  third  child,  was  born. 

On  December  24,  1884,  Mr.  Scott  sold  the  drug  store  and  l>egan  reading 
li.A  in  the  office  of  A.  J.  Blackwood  at  Miltonvale.  lie  was  admitted  to 
practice  in  the  district  court  of  Cloud  county  at  Concordia  on  August  18, 
1886.  In  Septem1)er  he  left  Miltonvale  with  a  team  and  bus^gy  and  drove 
to  Concordia,  thence  to  Mankato,  Smith  Center,  Phillipsburg,  Xorton, 
Oberlin,  Atwood  and  Bird  City,  and  decided  to  locate  at  Atwood.  In 
November  he  and  his  wife  and  three  children  left  Miltonvale  and  went 
by  rail  and  stage  to  Stratton,  Neb.,  from  which  point  they  drove  thirty 
miles  southeast  to  Atwood,  arriving  on  November  25,  1886,  that  being 
Thanksgiving  day.    There  were  about  200  inhabitants  at  that  time. 

Within  sixty  days  G.  \V.  Holdrege  and  other  officers  of  the  Burling- 
ton railroad  came  to  Atwood  and  explained  that  they  were  .going  to 
build  a  railroad  up  the  Beaver  valley,  and  that  Atwood,  nestling  in  the 
beautiful  valley,  which  is  unsurpassed  by  any  in  the  State,  was  unfor- 
tunate for  the  reason  that  it  was  not  a  practical  place  for  the  company 
to  build  a  roundhouse  and  machine  shops.  This  they  were  going  to  do 
at  Blakcman,  five  miles  west  of  Atwood.  The  town  fight  was  on  and 
raged  all  through  the  year  1887,  the  railroad  company  moving  houses 
and  buildings  to  Blakeinan,  free  of  charge,  and  giving  the  owners  of  the 
buildings  lots  in  Blakeman,  Dempster  Scott  cast  his  lot  with  .\twood, 
and  in  company  with  S.  T.  Lloyd,  Albert  Hemming.  S.  H.  Tindell.  John 
M.  Burton,  M.  A.  Wilson,  F.  R.  Morgan,  J.  C.  Arbuckle,  Frank  E.  Robin- 
son and  others  put  up  the  strongest  town  fight  that  the  Burlington  peo- 
ple ever  experienced,  and  which  lasted  for  three  years.  For  years  the 
railroad  company  had  moved  towns  here  and  there  in  Nbraska,  always 
locating  them  on  their  own  town  sites,  and  county  seats  were  like  pawns 
on  a  chessboard  in  their  hands.  To  the  west  of  .\twood  they  moved 
Celia  to  McDonald,  three  miles.  In  Cheyenne  county  they  moved  Wano 
to  St.  Francis,  two  and  one-half  miles,  and  moved  the  county  scat  from 


84  niOGRAPHICAL 

Bird  City  to  St.  Francis.  In  Rawlins  county  thej'  spent  thousands  of 
dollars  circulating  a  petition  calling  for  a  county  seat  election,  accom- 
panying the  petition  through  the  county  with  a  four-horse  load  of  flour, 
and  giving  every  signer  a  sack  of  flour.  Atwood  partisans  followed  on 
their  trail  with  a  remonstrance  and  strike-off,  which  remonstrated  against 
the  calling  of  an  election,  and  asked  that  the  signer's  name  be  stricken 
from  any  petition  that  he  may  have  signed  in  favor  of  having  the  elec- 
tion called.  Fully  sixty  per  cent,  of  all  who  signed  the  first  petition 
signed  the  remonstrance  and  strike-off,  and  finally  at  the  trial  in  the 
supreme  court  Atwood  was  victorious  and  no  election  was  called.  The 
victory  was  celebrated  at  Atwood  by  a  barbecue  and  a  day  of  speech- 
making  and  general  rejoicing.  Dviring  the  fight  employees  of  the  rail- 
road openly  boasted  that  they  owned  the  courts  in  Nebraska  and  would 
in  Kansas  before  the  fight  was  over.  The  company  refused  to  put  a 
depot  at  Atwood  until  so  ordered  by  the  State  Board  of  Railroad  Com- 
missioners, and  then  set  off  a  boxcar  to  be  used  as  a  station.  This  is 
history,  and  Blakeman  is  now  deserted,  being  a  whistling  station. 

In  1887,  1888,  1889  and  1890  farm  loans  were  promiscuously  nego- 
tiated throughout  the  country  and  a  heavy  crop  of  mortgages  were  har- 
vested in  Rawlins  county,  many  of  the  settlers  leaving  as  soon  as  they 
got  their  farm  loan.  In  1890  there  was  a  complete  crop  failure.  In  1891 
and  1892  there  were  good  crops,  but  many  of  the  people  had  left.  In 
1893,  1894,  1895  and  1896  the  crops  were  failures  and  hundreds  of  the. 
remaining  settlers  left,  but  Scott  stayed  and  struggled  on  with  his  law 
practice.  In  April,  1903,  he  and  his  son.  Charley,  who  attended  the 
Kansas  University  in  1898  and  1899,  bought  the  Republican  "Citizen" 
newspaper,  which  was  founded  here  in  188 1,  and  published  the  paper 
until  October,  1909,  when  they  sold  it. 

Dempster  Scott  lived  on  a  farm  until  1880  and  his  school  advantages 
were  meager.  .-Mthough  thus  handicapped  he  has  persevered  with  zeal 
and  untiring  industry  in  the  practice  of  law,  until  now  he  is  ranked 
as  one  of  the  ablest  lawyers  in  northwest  Kansas,  and  enjoys  a  large 
practice,  extending  into  Cheyenne,  Sherman  and  Thomas  counties,  and 
he  and  his  wife  are  happily  located  in  one  of  the  best  residencs  of  At- 
wood, surrounded  with  forest  and  fruit  trees  over  a  foot  in  diameter, 
which  they  planted  years  ago.  Their  son.  Charley,  lives  just  across  the 
street,  and  his  little  boys,  Dempster  and  Beverly,  are  at  Grandpa's  every 
day.  Charley  was  admitted  to  the  practice  of  law  years  ago  and  is  in 
partnership  with  his  father,  the  firm  being  Dempster  Scott  &  Son. 
Mr.  Scott's  daughter,  Jessie,  married  C.  C.  Blood,  of  Illinois,  and  they 
and  their  daughter,  Lois,  are  located  at  McDonald,  twenty  miles  west  of 
Atwood.  Orcn  Dempster  is  a  jeweler  and  optician,  and  with  his  wife 
and  son,  Hayes,  lives  at  St.  Francis,  fifty  miles  west  of  .\twood,  where 
he  has  a  good  business. 

Dempster  Scott  was  a  charter  member  of  Atwood  Lodge  No.   164. 


BIOGRAPHICAL  Sj 

Ancient  Free  and  Accepted  ^lasons,  and  became  a  member  of  Atwood 
Chapter  No.  84,  Royal  Arch  Masons,  shortly  after  its  organization,  on 
June  20,  1902.  He  was  also  made  a  Knight  Templar  in  Atwood  Com- 
mandery.  Knights  Templar,  No.  54,  shortly  after  its  institution,  which 
was  on  May  30,  1910.  Mr.  Scott  has  always  been  an  active  and  energetic 
man  and  has  been  closely  identified  with  all  movements  for  the  upbuild- 
ing of  Atwood  and  Rawlins  county. 

A.  C.  Blume,  the  first  settler  and  first  postmaster,  first  school  teacher 
and  first  county  commissioner  in  Rawlins  county,  Kansas,  was  born  in 
the  Province  of  Hanover,  in  Germany,  May  21,  1842,  son  of  C.  A.  Blume, 
who  was  a  judge  in  the  court  of  Germany.  After  attending  school  for 
a  short  time  our  subject  was  engaged  as  a  traveling  salesman  for  an 
umbrella  and  jjarasol  house,  traveling  all  over  Germany. 

In  August,  1865,  Mr.  Blume  came  to  America,  landing  the  28th  of 
that  month,  after  two  months  on  the  ocean.  He  first  settled  at  Buckeye, 
Iowa,  where  he  was  employed  as  a  section  hand  on  the  railroad.  Here 
he  worked  about  three  and  a  half  years,  and  in  1869  went  to  ^lichigan 
and  was  employed  as  foreman  of  a  construction  gang  on  the  Fort  Wayne, 
Jackson  &  Saginaw  railroad.  From  there  he  went  to  Detroit  and 
secured  a  position  as  roadmaster  of  the  Detroit,  Lansing  &  Lake  Michi- 
gan railroad.  After  one  year  with  this  company  he  was  taken  sick 
and  had  very  poor  health  for  two  or  three  years,  in  which  time  he  went 
to  Angola,  Ind.,  where  he  was  for  soine  time  under  the  care  of  physi- 
cians, who  at  last  advised  him  to  come  west.  Accordingly,  in  1873, 
he  came  to  Crete,  Neb.,  where  he  remained  for  some  time  under  the  care 
of  phvsicians,  and  after  s])cnding  all  his  money  was  at  last  cured  by 
a  simple  remedy  recommended  by  the  neighbors.  In  1875  he  started 
for  Kansas  in  a  wagon,  looking  for  a  home,  and  in  May  of  that  year 
settled  on  the  land  where  his  home  is  now  located.  The  Indians  came 
through  the  country  frightening  the  settlers,  and  for  a  day  and  a  half 
Mr.  Blume  lay  behind  a  bank  o-f  earth  on  his  place,  afraid  to  build  a  fire 
or  to  be  seen.  He  then  went  to  Kirwin,  Kan.,  where  he  took  out  home- 
stead papers,  and  continued  on  to  Crete,  Neb. 

In  the  spring  of  1S76  Mr.  Blume  brought  his  wife  to  Kansas,  and 
they  I'lved  in  the  dug-out  which  he  had  made  when  he  first  came  to  the 
State.  As  there  was  not  very  much  here  to  do  for  a  living,  Mr.  Rhime 
left  his  wife  in  Kansas  and  returned  to  Crete,  Neb.,  to  work.  After 
working  there  all  summer  he  started  to  Kansas,  and  as  his  team  was 
mortgaged,  he  walk'ed  all  the  way,  taking  seven  days  for  the  trip.  Tliey 
had  but  $58.00  to  provide  themselves  with  food  and  clothing  for  a  year. 
The  next  spring  he  walked  back  to  Crete,  worked  all  summer  and  re- 
turned on  foot  in  the  fall.  In  the  spring  of  1878  he  again  walked  to 
Crete  and  in  May  returned  with  two  parties  to  locate  land,  and  when 
this  was  done  drove  back  to  the  same  town,  remaining  there  until  the 
raid  of  1878,  when  he  took  the  train  to  Kc.-iiiic\ .  Xrh  .  from  which  pl.ice 


86  ^  BIOGRAPHICAL 

he  went  b}'  the  Union  Pacific  to  Plum  Creek,  walking  from  that  place 
to  his  home.  It  was  two  weeks  after  the  raid  before  he  heard  of  it, 
but  when  the  news  reached  him  he  made  the  trip  as  hurriedly  as  possible. 
On  his  return  he  found  some  cattlemen  in  his  neighborhood,  and  worked 
for  them  at  75  cents  per  day,  which  enabled  him  to  live. 

Mr.  Blume  then  engaged  in  farming  and  stock  raising.  On  December 
16,  1876,  he  was  appointed  postmaster  of  Prag,  now  Ludell,  Kan.,  and  the 
signers  of  the  petition  for  postmaster  were  secured  at  Hardy,  Neb.  In 
1881  the  county  of  Rawlins  was  organized  and  Mr.  Blume  was  on  the 
first  board  of  county  commissioners.  The  board  met  in  June  1881,  and 
ordered  the  election  for  July  6  of  that  year  to  organize  the  county 
and  locate  the  county  seat.  He  was  elected  commissioner  at  this  election 
and  served  continuously  until  1889.  He  has  been  township  trustee  five 
times,  having  been  elected  for  the  fifth  time  at  the  last  election.  He 
also  organized  and  taught  the  first  school,,  which  was  a  private  institu- 
tion, so  that  he  was  the"  first  teacher,  first  settler,  first  postmaster  and 
first  county  commissioner  of  his  county.  At  the  time  Mr.  Blume  was 
postmaster  he  had  to  bring  the  mail  from  Cannerville,  in  Decatur  county, 
making  the  trip  on  foot.  The  nearest  railroad  station  was  on  the  Kan- 
sas Pacific,  sixty-six  miles  south.  During  all  of  the  intervening  years 
our  subject  has  been  farming  and  raising  stock,  and  has  added  to  his 
original  homestead  until  he  now  has  520  acres  of  land  in  his  farm  on 
Beaver  creek,  near  Ludell.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Independent  Order 
of  Odd  Fellows. 

On  September  17,  1870,  Mr.  Blume  was  married,  in  .Angola,  Ind.,  to 
Miss  Ella  S.  Miner,  daughter  of  Milo  Miner,  a  native  of  Indiana,  and  a 
descendant  of  early  Pilgrims,  to  whom  he  can  trace  his  ancestry.  ]\[r. 
Miner  was  a  farmer,  but  had  retired  at  the  time  of  his  daughter's  mar- 
riage to  Mr.  Blume.  Mrs.  Blume  was  born  and  raised  in  Indiana,  where 
she  attended  the  common  schools  and  later  graduated  from  college.  Mr. 
and  ^Irs.  Blume  have  had  six  children :  William  A.,  now  located  in 
Idaho ;  Ollie,  married  to  IMartin  F.  Akers,  and  living  in  New  ]\Iexico ; 
Carl  M.,  located  in  Oregon,  a  carpenter  by  trade ;  Henry  died  in  infancy ; 
Rexford  R.  and  George  A.,  now  farming  the  homestead.  Rexford  at- 
tended the  Grand  Island  Business  and  Normal  College  for  one  year. 
Mrs.  Blume  died  August  26,  1909. 

John  W.  Bartleson,  president  of  the  Beloit  State  Bank,  of  Beloit, 
Kan.,  is  a  striking  example  of  what  ability,  coupled  with  industry  and 
close  application  to  business,  will  do  for  the  average  poor  boy  who  has 
the  determination  to  win.  John  W.  Bartleson  is  a  native  of  Illinois, 
and  was  born  at  Grand  Chain,  August  16,  1846.  He  is  a  son  of  John  and 
IMary  ^^^  (Chapman)  Bartleson.  The  father  was  a  native  of  Virginia, 
born  in  1801,  and  in  1843  removed  to  southern  Illinois.  He  was  a 
tailor  by  occupation  and  worked  at  his  trade  until  the  breaking  out  of 
the  war  with    Mexico,  when   he,   together  with   two   sons,   Edwin   and 


BIOGRAPHICAL  87 

Augustus  C,  enlisted  in  an  Illinois  com])any,  and  upon  its  organization 
was  elected  lieutenant  of  the  company,  which  was  assigned  to  the 
Second  Illinois  infantry,  and  was  killed  at  the  battle  of  Buena  Vista,  to- 
gether with  all  the  officers  of  his  company.  Our  subject's  mother  was 
a  native  of  Stark  county,  Ohio,  and  was  born  in  1809  of  New  England 
parents.  John  W.  Barlleson  was  one  of  a  family  of  thirteen  children, 
twelve  of  whom  grew  to  maturity  and  reared  families,  one  dying  in 
infanc}'.  Their  names  are  as  follows  in  the  order  of  birth :  Edwin,  born 
in  1826,  deceased;  Augustus,  born  in  1827,  retired  farmer  and  stockman, 
Muskogee,  Okla. ;  Robert  B.  and  William  W.  (twins),  born  in  1829, 
both  deceased;  Amanda,  born  in  1830,  deceased;  Eliza  S.,  born  in  1832, 
now  the  widow  of  N.  P.  Tarr,  Alound  City,  111.;  James,  born  in  1834, 
now  a  farmer  and  stockman  at  Olmsted,  111. ;  Warren  K.,  born  in  1835, 
wholesale  grocer,  Jacksonville,  Fla. ;  .\ratus,  born  in  J838,  deceased; 
Mary  Jane,  born  in  1839,  deceased  ;  .\Ionzo,  born  in  1844,  deceased,  and 
John  W'.,  the  subject.  Eight  of  the  brothers  served  in  the  late  Civil 
war,  all  returning  to  their  homes  at  the  close  of  the  war  except  .Alonzo, 
who  was  a  member  of  the  Eighteenth  Illinois  infantry,  who  died  while 
in  camp  at  Cairo,  111.  The  mother  died  January  4,  1868.  at  Grand  Chain, 
111.  She  lived  to  see  all  her  children  grown  up  and  married.  They  all 
lived  near  the  old  homestead  and  in  her  declining  years  the  mother  took 
much  pleasure  and  satisfaction  in  visiting  among  them.  She  was  a  de- 
vout Christian  woman  and  a  lifelong  member  of  the  Christian  church. 
Mr.  Bartleson  was  educated  in  the  common  schools  of  Pulaski  county, 
working  on  the  farm  in  the  summer  and  attending  school  in  the  winter 
terms. 

About  the  time  that  young  Bartleson  was  approaching  the  age  of 
manhood  the  country  was  absorbed  in  the  greatest  struggle  of  its  exist- 
ence for  the  preservation  of  the  Union,  and  while  yet  a  mere  boy  he 
enlisted  October  9,  1863,  in  Company  I,  Eighty-first  Illinois  volunteer  in- 
fantry. His  brother,  James,  was  captain  of  the  company.  The  regiment 
operated  with  the  Army  of  the  Tennessee  and  participated  in  many 
important  expeditions  and  engagements.  .Xt  the  battle  of  Guntown, 
Miss.,  June  10,  1864,  one  hundred  and  twenty-five  members  of  this 
regiment  were  taken  prisoners  and  private  John  ^^^  Bartleson  was  one 
of  the  number.  He  was  confined  in  the  Confederate  prisons  at  Ander- 
sonville,  Milan,  and  Savannah  until  November  26,  when  he  was  paroled 
and  sent  to  Annapolis,  Md.  From  there  he  went  home  on  a  furlough, 
where  he  remained  for  a  time,  when  he  went  to  Benton  Barracks,  St. 
Louis,  Mo.,  where  he  was  exchanged,  in  .\pril,  1865.  and  returned  to  his 
regiment  at  Montgomery,  /\la.,  remaining  in  the  service  until  July  14, 
1865,  when  he  received  an  honorable  discharge.  Thus  closed  a  military 
career  of  which  any  man  might  be  justly  proud.  He  endured  the  many 
hardships  incident  to  soldier  life,  on  the  march,  in  camp  and  on  the  field 
of  battle,  but  the  supreme  test  of  Ininian  endurance  was  life  in  the  Con- 


88  BIOGRAPHICAL 

federate  prisons,  and  Mr.  Bartleson  had  his  full  share  of  this  feature  of 
war.  He  was  slightl}-  wounded  at  Guntown,  Miss.  At  the  close  of  the 
war  he  returned  to  his  Illinois  home,  where  he  remained  until  1872, 
when  he  came  to  Kansas,  locating  a  soldier's  claim  in  Center  township, 
Mitchell  county.  During  the  first  five  years  in  Kansas  he  lived  in  a 
dug-out  and  in  1878  built  a  frame  house,  which  was  his  home  until 
1886,  when  he  removed  to  Beloit,  where  he  has  since  resided.  Mr. 
Bartleson  has  prospered  in  all  his  undertakings  and  has  acquired  a 
great  deal  of  land.  He  owns  several  well  improved  and  valuable  farms 
in  Mitchell  county. 

Mr.  Bartleson  was  first  married  February  28,  1867,  in  Massac  county, 
Illinois,  to  Miss  Melissa  C.  Copeland.  She  died  March'  19,  1870,  at 
Grand  Chain,  111.  To  this  union  were  born  two  children,  both  of  whom 
died  in  infancy.  On  February  8,  1872,  Mr.  Bartleson  was  united  in  mar- 
riage to  Miss  Mary  L.  Anderson,  of  Aliens  Spring.  111.  They  became  the 
parents  of  ten  children,  seven  of  whom  are  living,  as  follows :  Clarence 
P.,  born  March  16,  1875,  now  cashier  of  the  Beloit  State  Bank,  Beloit, 
Kan. ;  Maurice  W.,  born  October  10,  1876,  salesman,  Kansas  City,  Mo. ; 
Silas  L.,  born  February  10,  1878,  farmer,  i\Iitchell  county  ;  Elsie  L.,  born 
May  26,  1879,  married  Ray  L.  IMcClelland,  bookkeeper,  Pittsburgh,  Pa. ; 
Maud  E.,  born  December  19,  1882,  now  the  wife  of  Ralph  E.  Boyles,  elec- 
tric engineer,  Montreal,  Canada  ;  John  H.,  born  March  22,  1884,  building 
contractor,  Denver,  Col. ;  and  Mary  B.,  born  June  16,  1888,  attending 
college  at  Pittsburgh,  Pa.  The  wife  and  mother  departed  this  life  De- 
cember 31,  1902,  and  on  October  5,  1910,  our  subject  was  married  to 
Miss  Ida  M.,  daughter  of  William  C.  and  Mary  A.  (Piper)  Cochran,  of 
Beloit,  Kan.,  the  former  a  native  of  Monmouth,  111.,  where  he  was  born 
November  13,  1838,  and  the  latter  was  a  native  of  Glasgow,  Ky.  They 
now  reside  in  Beloit  Kan.  W'illiam  C.  Cochran  is  a  veteran  of  the  Civil 
war,  having  served  in  Company  D,  Thirteenth  Iowa  volunteer  infantry, 
and  was  discharged  on  account  of  physical  disabilities.  In  1870  he  came 
to  Mitchell  county  and  farmed  until  within  the  last  few  j'ears,  when  he 
came  to  Beloit,  where  he  has  since  lived  a  retired  life.  For  j-ears.John 
W.  Bartleson  has  been  a  prominent  figure  in  central  Kansas  finance.  In 
1887  the  Beloit  State  Bank,  one  of  the  pioneer  banking  institutions  of 
Mitchell  county,  was  organized  and  he  became  one  of  the  directors.  He 
became  its  president  in  1898  and  has  since  that  time  been  a  dominant 
factor  and  the  active  head  of  this  institution,  which  is  considered  one  of 
the  substantial  banking  houses  of  the  State.  Mr.  Bartleson  is  also  inter- 
ested in  the  insurance  and  loan  business  and  has  other  extensive  business 
interests  in  addition  to  these.  He  has  had  an  active  and  successful  career 
and  is  one  of  the  progressive  and  prominent  business  men  of  the  State. 
Politically  he  has  always  been  an  active  Republican  and  served  as  regis- 
ter of  deeds  of  Mitchell  county  from  1886  to  1890,  which  has  been  the 
extent  of  his  office  holding  career,  as  he  has  been  primarily  a  business 


BIOGRAPHICAL  89 

man  and  not  a  politician.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Christian  church  at 
Beloit,  Kan.,  and  also  a  member  of  Mt.  Vernon  Lodge  No.  145,  Ancient 
Free  and  Accepted  Masons;  Beloit  Chapter  No.  47,  Royal  Arch  Masons; 
Gyrene  Commandery  No.  23,  Knights  Templar,  Beloit ;  a  Noble  of  the 
Mystic  Shrine,  of  Isis  Temple.  Salina,  Kan.,  and  is  a  Thirty-second 
degree  Scottish  Rite  Mason,  lie  is  also  a  member  of  the  Grand  Army 
of  the  Republic,  Beloit  Post  No.  147;  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd 
Fellows,  the  Ancient  Order  of  United  Workmen  and  the  Sons  and 
Daughters  of  Justice. 

John  S.  Elder,  clerk  of  Rawlins  county,  was  born  in  ^Montgomery 
count}-,  Illinnis,  June  i,  1852,  son  of  John  M.  and  Roseau  (Webber) 
Elder,  the  former  a  native  of  Kentucky,  of  English  descent,  and  the  latter 
a  native  of  Switzerland,  who  came  to  America  in  1833.  John  M.  Elder 
was  a  farmer  and  stock  raiser  in  IMontgomery  county,  Illinois,  where 
the  subject  of  our  sketch  was  born  and  raised.  He  attended  the  common 
schools  and  later  the  Hillsboro  Academy  at  Hillsboro,  111. 

After  leaving  school  Mr.  Elder  taught  in  the  rui^al  districts  of  Bond 
and  Montgomery  counties  for  two  years.  In  1873  he  went  to  Fairfield, 
Clay  county,  Nebraska,  w'here  he  taught  school  for  one  year,  after 
which  he  attended  the  law  department  of  the  Kentucky  University  for 
six  months,  and  then  for  five  years  taught  school  in  Dj'cusburg,  Ky., 
during  which  time  he  continued  to  read  law.  Returning  at  the  end  of 
this  time  to  Clay  county,  Nebraska,  Mr.  Elder  taught  at  Spring  Ranch 
for  two  j'ears.  In  1879  he  came  to  Kansas  and  took  a  hometsead  in 
Rawlins  county,  where  he  was  the  teacher  of  the  first  public  school, 
the  school  house  of  the  only  district  in  the  county  being  located  at  At- 
wood.  He  had  no  pupils  the  first  term.  After  teaching  two  terms  he 
was  elected  county  superintendent  of  public  instruction  for  Rawlins 
county  in  the  fall  of  1885,  and  served  one  term,  in  which  time  he  or- 
ganized fifty  districts  and  also  ran  a  store  at  Celia,  Kan.  The  first 
school  house  at  Atwood  was  part  dug-out  and  part  log,  but  during  Mr. 
Elder's  second  term  a  frame  building  was  put  up  and  it  is  now  the 
Baptist  church  building  at  Atwood. 

Mr.  Elder  put  up  the  first  building  at  Celia.  but  when  the  railroad 
came  through  McDonald  he  moved  to  that  town.  He  then  taught 
school  for  two  years,  after  which  he  removed  to  Blakeman,  Kan.,  and 
after  teaching  school  for  one  year  at  that  place  he  became  manager 
of  the  Howard  Lumber  Company  at  Blakeman.  He  held  this  position 
for  three  years,  and  in  1896  was  appointed  mine  officer  of  the  Kansas 
State  penitentiary,  .serving  two  years  in  this  capacity.  Mr.  Elder  re- 
turned to  Rawlins  county  and  taught  school  for  several  terms,  at  the 
end  of  which  time  he  received  the  appointment  as  .shipping  clerk  of  the 
Kansas  State  penitentiary,  his  duty  being  to  ship  out  all  the  products 
manufactured  in  the  institution.  This  position  he  held  for  ten  years  and 
three  months.     In  1910  Mr.  I'^lder  went  to  TuIIeride,  Col.,  where  he  was 


90  BIOGRAPHICAL 

employed  for  eighteen  months  as  manager  of  the  Ionia  Mining  Com- 
pany. In  August,  191 1,  he  came  back  to  Rawlins  county  and  made  the 
race  for  the  office  of  county  clerk  on  the  Republican  ticket,  and  was 
elected,  taking  the  office  January  i,  1913.  Mr.  Elder  is  a  member  of  the 
Ancient  Free  and  Accepted  Masons. 

On  December  25,  1878,  Mr.  Elder  was  married  in  Crittenden  county, 
Kentucky,  to  Miss  Mattie  Hildreth,  daughter  of  William  and  Sarah 
(Fleming)  Hildreth,  natives  of  Kentucky,  where  she  was  born  and  raised, 
and  attended  the  common  schools.  They  had  two  children :  Ollie  P., 
who  married  Nelson  \^ezina,  and  now  lives  in  Lansing,  Kan. ;  Guy  W., 
who  is  now  agent  for  the  Missouri  Pacific  railroad  at  Kelly,  Kan.  The 
wife  and  mother  died  in  June,  1885. 

Mr.  Elder  was  married  the  second  time  on  November  27,  1887,  to 
Miss  Maggie  E.  Hill,  daughter  of  Ephraim  and  Elizabeth  (Alexander) 
Hill,  natives  of  Ohio,  Mrs.  Elder  having  been  born  in  Darke  county  of 
that  State,  where  she  was  raised  till  the  age  of  sixteen,  attending  the 
common  schools.  The  Hill  family  came  to  Kansas,  locating  in  Rawlins 
county,  where  Mr.  Hill  engaged  in  farming,  and  the  wife  of  the  subject  of 
this  sketch  taught  school  ten  terms  and  was  editor  of  the  Blakeman 
"Register"  one  3'ear  before  her  marriage.  They  had  one  child,  Mabel 
E.,  who  died  in  January,  191 1.  Mrs.  Elder  died  June  22,  1912,  leaving 
her  husband  and  one  adopted  son,  Donald. 

Latham  E.  Harrison,  banker,  of  St.  Francis,  and  one  of  its  foremost 
citizens,  having  been  the  first  mayor  of  the  town,  a  pioneer  merchant, 
and  legislator  from  Cheyenne  county,  was  born  August  5,  1866,  in  Tama 
county,  Iowa,  near  Marshalltown,  son  of  Rev.  David  and  Margaret 
(Adair)  Harrison,  natives  of  Ohio,  who  came  to  Iowa  in  1853,  where 
Rev.  Harrison  was  engaged  as  a  minister  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal 
church.  In  1878  the  Harrison  family  came  to  Kansas  and  located  in 
Jewell  county,  at  Jewell  Center,  now  the  town  of  Mankato.  The  piece 
of  ground  where  the  subject's  sister  once  lived  in  a  sod  house  is  now  in 
the  center  of  Mankato,  and  his  father's  house  now  occupies  the  same 
site. 

Rev.  Harrison  preached  in  sod  churches  and  dug-outs  in  the  early 
days ;  is  a  veteran  of  the  Civil  war,  and  at  present  still  lives  in  Mankato. 
The  name  of  the  town  was  changed  from  Jewell  Center  to  Mankato 
about  three  years  after  the  Harrisons  located  here,  and  our  subject  re- 
ceived his  education  in  the  schools  of  that  city. 

After  leaving  school  Mr.  Harrison  went  to  work  on  the  Mankato 
"Jewellite,"  a  newspaper  of  Mankato,  and  later  was  with  the  Burr  Oak 
"Herald,"  Jewell  County  "Review,"  and  "Monitor,"  a  paper  still  pub- 
lished in  Mankato.  After  two  years  in  newspaper  work,  he  traveled  one 
year  for  his  brother,  who  owned  a  music  house  in  Mankato.  He  was 
then  employed  in  the  general  mercantile  business  of  L.  M.  Butts,  where 
he  remained  until  the  winter  of  1888.     At  this  time  he  removed  to  Cam- 


inOGRAPHICAL  9I 

bridge,  Neb.,  continuing  in  the  mercantile  line  for  a  short  time,  until  his 
brother,  who  had  located  in  St.  Francis,  called  him  to  this  town  on  pre- 
tended sickness  in  order  to  induce  him  to  locate  here.  He  was  prevailed 
upon  to  handle  a  stock  of  goods  that  had  been  taken  over  by  a  bank,  and 
for  that  purpose  located  in  St.  Francis  in  1889.  lie  worked  one  year  as 
manager  of  the  store  for  the  bank,  at  the  end  of  which  time  he  and  his 
brother  bought  out  the  party  who  had  bought  the  stock  and  embarked  in 
the  mercantile  business  under  the  firm  name  of  Harrison  Bros.  They 
remained  in  partnership  until  1S96,  when  Latham  Harrison  bouglit  his 
brother  out.  He  continued  in  business  and  today  he  is  the  leading  mer- 
chant of  St.  Francis.  Two  years  ago  Mr.  Harrison  took  his  two  sons 
into  the  business,  which  is  now  known  as  the  Harrison  Mercantile  Com- 
pany. 

In  1896  Mr.  Harrison  organized  the  Cheyenne  County  State  Bank, 
and  has  been  its  president  since  the  organization.  He  was  the  first 
mayor  of  St.  Francis  and  for  nine  years  was  president  of  the  Cheyenne 
County  High  School.  In  1904  he  was  elected  representative  of  Cheyenne 
county  to  the  legislature,  in  which  body  he  served  on  the  following  com- 
mittees :  Count}'  lines  and  county  seats,  penal  institutions,  banks  and 
banking,  and  irrigation.  He  introduced  House  Bill  No.  123,  relating  to 
sugar  beet  bounty,  and  Bill  No.  599,  relating  to  the  city  of  St.  Francis. 
Mr.  Harrison  is  a  member  of  the  Bankers'  Association  of  Kansas,  of  the 
Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows,  the  Ancient  Order  of  l"nited  Work- 
men, the  Modern  Woodmen  of  America,  and  of  the  Methodist  Episco- 
pal church. 

Mr.  Harrison  was  married  June  27,  1888,  to  Cora  Tippin.  daughter  of 
G.  M.  and  Jennie  (Montgomery)  Tippin,  of  Mankato.  Kan.  Her  father 
was  a  native  of  Indiana  and  her  mother  of  Ohio,  and  llicy  took  a  home- 
stead in  Jewell  county,  near  Mankato,  in  i88c5.  Here  Mr.  Tippin  engaged 
in  farming  and  stock  raising.  Mrs.  Harrison  was  born  in  Page  county, 
Iowa,  where  she  began  her  education,  finishing  in  the  schools  of  Jewell 
county.  She  was  a  teacher  before  her  marriage.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Ilarrison 
have  four  children :  Benjamin  G.,  Harry  D.,  Ilollis  and  Manette.  I'en- 
jamin  G.  and  Harry  D.  graduated  from  the  county  high  school  and  at- 
tended the  Kansas  A\'csleyan  L'niversity,  after  which  they  engaged  in 
business  with  their  father.  Hollis  is  now  attending  the  Kansas  Wes- 
leyan  University  and  Manette  is  a  graduate  of  the  county  high  school, 
in  the  class  of  191,^.  The  family  are  members  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal 
church  and  all  take  an  active  part  in  church  work. 

Josiah  Crosby,  of  St.  Francis,  Kan.,  president  of  the  St.  Francis  Tele- 
phone Company,  and  a  dealer  in  grain  and  broom  corn,  was  horn  in  Bel- 
mont county,  Ohio,  August  12.  1856.  son  of  Oliver  IT.  P.  and  Margaret 
(Trott)  Crosby,  of  Maryland,  the  former  being  a  farmer  and  stockman 
of  that  State. 

Josiah  Crosbj-  was  raised  in  Belmont  county,  Ohio,  and  received  his 


92  BIOGRAPHICAL 

early  education  in  the  common  schools.  His  father  died  when  the  boy 
was  but  ten  j-ears  of  age,  and  immediately  he  started  in  life  for  himself. 
He  farmed  and  raised  stock  until  twenty-six  years  of  age.  In  1884  he 
left  Ohio  and  came  to  Kansas,  locating  in  Jewell  county  in  the  spring 
of  1885,  where  he  purchased  a  farm  and  remained  two  years.  In  1887 
he  removed  to  Cheyenne  county,  took  a  homestead  and  farmed  until  the 
spring  of  1892.  In  the  fall  of  1891  he  was  elected  sheriff  of  Cheyenne 
county  and  served  two  terms.  He  then  purchased  a  ranch  and  engaged 
in  stock  raising,  continuing  in  this  business  until  1907. 

In  1896  Mr.  Crosby  was  elected  representative  from  Cheyenne  county 
to  the  State  legislature,  and  served  three  successive  terms,  during  all  of 
which  time  he  was  a  member  of  the  educational  committee  and  was  a 
member  of  that  body  at  the  time  the  textbook  law  was  drafted.  During 
his  first  term  he  was  chairman  of  the  claims  and  accounts  committee.  In 
1904  ]\Ir.  Crosby  was  elected  county  attorney,  and  served  two  years, 
after  which  he  devoted  his  entire  time  to  his  ranch,  until  1907,  when  he 
sold  it  and  removed  to  St.  Francis.  Since  1892  he  has  been  engaged  in 
broomcorn  buying  and  shipping.  For  five  years  Cheyenne  county  was 
the  banner  county  of  Kansas  for  broomcorn.  Since  moving  to  St.  Fran- 
cis Mr.  Crosb}'  has  added  grain  and  hay  to  his  broomcorn  business, 
and  has  three  warehouses  on  the  Chicago,  Burlington  &  Quincy  tracks. 
The  firm  is  known  as  Josiah  Crosby  &  Son.  In  1904  Mr.  Crosby, 
with  other  local  parties,  bought  the  St.  Francis  Telephone  Company, 
which  at  that  time  had  a  very  small  system.  He  has  since  extended 
its  lines  to  connect  with,  the  Bell  system  and  with  the  Consolidated 
systems,  but  the  St.  Francis  Telephone  Company  still  is  an  independent 
concern,  owned  and  operated  by  local  capital,  Mr.  Crosby  being  its 
president.  He  is  also  a  stockholder  in  the  St.  Francis  "Herald,'"  a  local 
newspaper.  Mr.  Crosby  is  a  Democrat,  a  member  of  the  Ancient  Free 
and  Accepted  Masons  and  of  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows. 

In  October,  1877,  ^'Ir.  Crosby  was  married  to  Malinda  Miller,  daugh- 
ter of  A.  J.  and  Margaret  (Shuman)  Miller,  of  Batesville.  Ohio.  Both 
her  parents  were  born  in  Ohio,  but  the  family  came  from  Pennsylvania, 
and  is  of  German  origin.  Mr.  Miller  was  engaged  in  farming  and  stock 
raising.  Mrs.  Crosby  was  born  in  Batesville,  Ohio,  raised  on  a  farm 
with  her  parents  and  attended  common  schools.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Crosby 
have  nine  children  :  Homer  M.,  Clarence  M.,  Laura,  Margaret,  Elizabeth, 
Florida,  Gail,  Theda  and  Marie.  Laura  is  married  to  William  Linning; 
Margaret  married  R.  R.  Turner;  Florida  is  married  to  Fred  Hammers; 
Elizabeth  is  married  to  Frank  Confer,  and  they  all  live  in  Cheyenne 
county.  Clarence  M.  is  married  to  Minnie  Lockard.  Gail  is  now  in  the 
high  school  at  St.  Francis  and  Theda  and  Marie  are  attending  the  com- 
mon schools.  Mr.  Crosby  has  always  been  identified  with  educational 
affairs,  serving  on  the  school  board  of  his  district,  also  having  organized 
a  number  of  districts. 


BIOGRAPHICAL  93 

George  T.  Tremble. — Honored  and  respected  by  all,  there  is  no  man 
in  Ellsworth  county  who  occupies  a  more  enviable  position  in  banking 
and  financial  circles  than  the  man  whose  name  heads  this  review.  It  is 
not  alone  because  of  the  brilliant  success  he  has  achieved,  but  on  account 
of  the  straightforward  business  policy  he  has  ever  followed  that  places 
Mr.  Tremble  among  the  leading  bankers  of  Kansas.  He  was  born  near 
Green  Bay,  Brown  county,  Wisconsin,  February  12,  1870,  the  son  of  Mar- 
tin E.  and  Saram  M.  (Cook)  Tremble.  The  elder  Tremble  was  a  native 
of  Keysville,  Clinton  county,  New  York,  a  lumberman  who  owned  mills 
at  Big  Suamico,  Wis.,  with  wholesale  and  retail  lumber  yards  at  Racine, 
Wis.  He  also  owned  a  line  of  lumber  schooners  and  was  regarded  as 
one  of  the  successful  and  wealthy  lumbermen  in  a  notable  lumber  coun- 
try, until  his  death  in  1882.  Mrs.  Tremble  passed  away  in  1875,  when 
George  Tremble  was  still  a  child  and  upon  the  death  of  his  father  he 
went  to  live  with  an  uncle,  David  S.  Beach,  of  Marshall,  Mich.  The 
boy  received  his  early  education  in  the  public  schools  of  Marsall,  grad- 
uating from  the  high  school  in  1888.  That  summer  he  came  to  Kansas 
determined  to  cast  his  lot  with  the  .Sunflower  State  and  make  his  for- 
tune in  the  West.  Locating  at  Wilson,  Ellsworth  county,  he  accepted  a 
position  as  bookkeeper  in  the  Wilson  State  Bank,  but  in  1889  returned 
to  Michigan  on  account  of  the  death  of  his  uncle.  1  lavinsr  come  to  see 
that  a  good  education  was  the  best  equipment  for  the  battle  of  life  Mr. 
Tremble  entered  the  literary  department  of  the  L'niversity  of  Michigan, 
graduating  with  the  class  of  1894.  The  same  year  he  returned  to  Kan- 
sas and  was  elected  the  cashier  of  the  Central  National  Bank  of  Ells- 
worth in  July,  and  served  in  this  capacity  until  1908,  when  he  was 
elected  president  of  the  institution,  succeeding  B.  S.  Westfall,  and  is 
still  serving  as  the  executive  head  of  the  bank. 

The  Central  National  Bank  is  one  of  the  strong  banking  houses  of 
Kansas.  Money  could  not  buy  the  place  it  holds  on  the  roll  of  honor. 
It  stands  first  in  the  city  of  Ellsworth  ;  fir^t  in  the  county  of  Ellsworth; 
fifth  in  the  State  of  Kansas;  and  357th  among  the  7,500  National  banks 
in  the  United  States;  and  of  the  300  National  banks  within  the  State 
onlv  twenty-three  are  in  such  condition  and  so  substantial  as  to  be 
entitled  to  positions  on  the  roll  of  honor,  where  this  bank  has  been 
placed  by  the  determination  and  executive  ability  of  its  officers.  In  1912 
the  bank  had  a  capital  of  $50,000;  surplus  of  $125,000,  and  deposits  of 
■$625,000.  It  was  established  in  1885  as  the  Farmers'  and  Mechanics' 
Bank,  the  princijial  owners  being  C.  F.  McGrew,  president ;  J.  W. 
Powers,  cashier,  and  G.  W.  Clawson.  A  year  later  a  National  charter 
was  taken  out,  under  which  the  bank  still  operates.  The  presidents  of 
the  bank  have  been  as  follows:  C.  F.  McGrew,  January  to  July,  1886; 
G.  \y.  Clawson,  July,  1886,  to  January,  1889;  M.  P.  Westfall,  January. 
1889,  to  May,  1891  ;  II.  Ranimelsberg.  1891  to  1894;  B.  S.  Westfall,  1894 
to  1908  and  George  T.  Tremble  since  that  date.     The  cashiers  during 


94  BIOGR.\PHICAL 

this  period  have  been:  J.  W.  Powers,  1886  to  1887:  E.  H.  Tenney,  1887 
to  1888:  M.  K.  Brundage,  1888  to  1889;  B.  S.  Westfall,  1889  to  1894; 
G.  T.  Tremble,  1894  to  1908,  and  B.  L.  Gardiner  since  1908.  From  the 
first  opening  of  its  door  the  bank  has  been  regarded  as  a  substantial  in- 
stitution, having  some  of  the  strongest  and  best  residents  of  the  county 
on  the  board  of  directors,  who  are  as  follows :  G.  F.  Tremble,  president ; 
E.  D.  Schermerhorn,  vice-president ;  B.  L.  Gardiner,  cashier ;  Frederick 
Melchert,  of  Lorraine,  Kan.,  a  retired  farmer;  F.  A.  Meryweather,  cap- 
italist ;  J.  R.  McLavrin.  capitalist,  and  Joseph  Kalina,  St..  a  retired  man 
of  Ellsworth.  Mr.  Tremble  is  also  president  of  the  Frederick  State 
Bank,  vice-president  of  the  Bank  of  Holyrood,  and  a  director  in  the  Wil- 
son State  Bank  and  Citizens'  State  Bank,  of  Dorrance,  Kan.  He  is 
president  of  the  Ellsworth  Oil  and  Development  Company,  and  treas- 
uerer  of  the  Ellsworth  Salt  Company.  In  politics  he  is  an  Independent, 
but  has  served  three  terms  as  mayor  of  Ellsworth,  and  during  his  term 
in  office  was  instrumental  in  securing  the  refunding  of  the  bonded  in- 
debtedness of  the  city,  amounting  to  about  $130,000.  While  he  was 
mayor  the  new  water  works  and  pumping  plant  were  constructed  at  a 
cost  of  $12,000.  Mr.  Tremble  is  a  very  capable  business  man  and 
banker ;  he  is  a  large  landowner  and  one  of  the  progressive  and  enthu- 
siastic boosters  of  Ellsworth  and  Kansas.  In  ^lasonry  he  has  attained 
the  Knight  Templar  and  Scottish  Rite  degrees;  is  a  member  of  Aide- 
mar  Commandery  of  Ellsworth,  ^^'ichita  Consistory  and  Isis  Temple 
Shrine,  of  Salina.  On  June  i,  1904,  Mr.  Tremble  married  ^lary,  the 
daughter  of  the  late  Col.  Edward  C.  Culp,  one  of  Salina's  prominent  citi- 
zens. The  family  consists  of  three  children :  Edward  Culp,  born  April 
21.  1906;  Martin  Eggleston,  born  ^lay  3,  1907,  and  George  T.,  Jr.,  born 
May  3,  igo8. 

Frank  Sharon  Foster. — In  the  progress  and  development  of  this  great 
commonwealth,  no  factor  has  exercised  more  influence  than  the  press, 
which  not  only  reflects  public  opinion  but  forms  it  and  plays  an  im- 
portant part  in  the  politics  of  the  State.  Ellsworth  county  has  been  for- 
tunate in  the  character  of  its  newspapers,  which  are  progressive,  ever 
advancing  the  interests  of  central  Kansas  and  endeavoring  to  uphold 
justice  in  the  community.  Prominent  among  the  men  who  control  the. 
journalistic  interests  of  central  Kansas  is  Frank  Sharon  Foster,  who 
was  born  at  Birmingham,  Van  Buren  count}',  Iowa,  November  12,  1862. 
He  received  his  elementary  education  in  the  public  schools  of  Bloomfield. 
Iowa,  but  while  still  a  lad  realized  that  a  good  education  was  essential 
to  a  man  who  would  become  a  successful  journalist.  With  this  end  in 
view  he  entered  the  literary  department  of  the  University  of  Kansas, 
graduating  with  the  class  of  1885.  During  the  summer  following  the 
completion  of  his  college  course  Mr.  Foster  came  to  Ellsworth  and  pur- 
chased a  half  interest  in  the  Ellsworth  "Xews,"  which  was  founded  in 
1880  by  Z.  Jackson.    The  firm  name  of  the  new  concern  was  Collett  & 


BIOGKAI'MICAL  95 

Foster.  Tliey  changed  the  name  of  the  paper  to  the  Ellsworth  "Demo- 
crat," and  in  1891  renamed  it  the  Ellsworth  "Messenger."  Three  years 
later  Mr.  Foster  purchased  his  partner's  interest  in  the  publication,  since 
which  time  he  has  been  the  sole  owner  and  editor.  The  "Messenger"  is 
a  weekly,  with  a  circulation  of  over  1,700.  It  reaches  homes  all  over  the 
county  and  exerts  an  influence  that  cannot  be  measured.  In  connection 
with  the  "Messenger"  Mr.  Foster  has  a  job  printing  establishment,  the 
largest  in  Ellsworth  county,  which  has  proved  a  most  profitable  invest- 
ment under  his  able  management.  In  politics  Mr.  Foster  is  an  ardent 
supporter  of  the  Democratic  party.  He  was  elected  county  clerk  in  1892, 
but  refused  renomination.  In  1896  he  was  a  delegate  to  the  Democratic 
State  convention,  and  for  many  years  has  been  secretary  of  the  Ells- 
worth county  central  committee.  Since  1894  he  has  served  as  city  clerk 
of  Ellsworth,  a  position  which  his  training  well  qualifies  him  to  fill.  Mr. 
Foster's  fraternal  associations  are  with  the  Masonic  order  and  the  An- 
cient Order  of  United  Workmen.  He  is  a  Knight  Templar  Mason  and  is 
a  past  commander  of  St.  Aldemar  Commandery  No.  33.  On  June  8, 
1891,  Mr.  Foster  married  MoUie  B.,  the  daughter  of  Alexander  Sheriff, 
a  pioneer  resident  of  Ellsworth.  There  are  two  children  in  the  famil}'. 
Xorman  McLeod,  born  December  5,  1894,  and  Frank  Sharon,  Jr.,  born 
August  8,  1906.    The  family  are  members  of  the  Presbyterian  church. 

Arthur  Dale  Jellison,  banker  and  one  of  the  leading  representatives 
of  business  interests  in  Ellsworth  county,  was  born  at  Wilson,  Kan., 
June  18,  1876,  a  son  of  Asa  Adams  and  Catherine  Ann  Stahl  Jellison. 
Asa  Adams  Jellison  was  a  native  of  the  State  of  New  York,  and  his 
mother  was  a  descendant  of  John  Quincy  Adams,  of  Massachusetts. 
Asa  Adams  Jellison's  early  life  was  spent  in  New  York,  Ohio  and  Illi- 
nois. In  1872  he  came  to  Kansas  and  located  in  Ellsworth  county,  being 
one  of  the  founders  of  Wilson.  He  was  a  natural  progressive  in  all 
matters,  was  one  of  the  pioneer  merchants  and  a  ])rominent  stockman 
of  that  section.  In  politics  he  was  a  Republican  and  took  an  active  part 
in  politics,  but  would  not  accept  public  office,  though  he  served  several 
terms  as  ma3'or  of  Wilson.  Mr.  Jellison  was  the  chief  organizer  of  the 
first  church  in  Wilson — the  Presbyterian,  and  a  large  contributor  to  the 
building  fund,  which  he  raised.  He  was  one  of  the  organizers  of  the 
Wilson  State  Bank  and  the  Rank  of  Holyrood.  Ever  working  for  the 
benefit  and  improvement  of  the  community  in  which  he  lived,  he  con- 
tributed largely  to  the  growth  and  prosperity  of  Wilson.  In  1896  he 
passed  away,  being  survived  by  his  widow,  who  died  May  23,  1912.  The 
lollowing  children  survive:  .\lbert  C,  of  Portland.  Ore.,  an  extensive 
timber  and  land  owner;  William  C,  of  Portland,  Ore.,  the  president  of 
the  Estacoda  National  Bank,  of  Estacoda,  Ore.,  and  who  is  interested  in 
lumber  and  various  other  enterprises;  Charles  R.,  assistant  cashier  of  the 
Wilson  State  Dank,  and  Arthur  Dale,  who  was  reared  in  Wilson. 

Arthur  Dale  Jellison  received  his  preliminary  educatimi  in  tlie  ])ul)lic 


96  BIOGRAPHICAL 

schools  of  his  native  town  and  then  graduated  from  the  Kansas  Wes- 
leyan  Business  College,  of  Salina,  in  the  fall  of  1893.  Soon  after  leaving 
college  he  entered  the  Wilson  State  Bank  in  a  minor  capacity,  but 
showed  such  ability  in  the  banking  business  that  he  was  rapidly  pro- 
moted, successively  filling  the  positions  of  assistant  cashier,  cashier  and 
president,  succeeding  Benjamin  Westfall,  who  died  in  1908. 

The  ^^'ilson  State  Bank  ranks  among  the  first  five  of  the  Kansas  insti- 
tutions. It  was  organized  in  1886  and  has  a  capital  of  $40,000,  surplus 
of  $80,000,  undivided  profits  of  $20,000,  and  deposits  of  8400.000.  The 
bank  has  the  finest  of  modern  furnishings  and  equipment ;  the  offices 
are  the  finest  of  any  State  bank  in  Kansas,  as  all  the  wood  is  mahogany 
and  the  metal  work  bronze.  Mr.  Jellison  is  regarded  as  one  of  the  able 
and  most  substantial  bankers  in  central  Kansas.  In  addition  to  his 
interests  at  Wilson  he  is  president  of  the  Bank  of  Holyrood,  vice-presi- 
dent of  the  Citizens"  State  Bank,  of  Dorrance,  a  director  of  the  Sylvan 
State  Bank  of  Sylvan  Grove,  of  the  First  National  Bank  of  Luray,  and 
of  the  Frederick  State  Bank ;  and  the  present  treasurer  of  the  Kansas' 
Bankers'  Association.  He  is  also  a  director  of  the  Farmers'  and  Bankers' 
Life  Insurance  Compan}-,  of  Wichita,  of  the  Ellsworth  Salt  Company, 
and  owns  about  1,000  acres  of  fine  farming  land  near  Wilson.  He  is 
heavily  interested  in  a  14,000-acre  tract  of  land  at  Hill  City,  and  in  the 
Page  City  Irrigation  Company.  For  many  years  he  was  a  member  of 
the  firm  of  Jellison  Brothers,  founded  by  his  elder  brother,  which  con- 
ducted an  extensive  lumber  business  at  Wilson.  Mr.  Jellison  is  a  stanch 
supporter  of  the  Republican  party ;  and  for  fifteen  years  has  served  as 
township  treasurer ;  he  has  been  mayor  of  Wilson  and  has  been  clerk  of 
the  school  board  for  several  years.  He  takes  a  deep  interest  in  educa- 
tional affairs  or  any  movement  which  tends  toward  the  development  of 
the  town  or  its  institutions.  In  1910  he  gave  the  high  school  play- 
ground to  the  town.  He  is  a  Knight  Templar  and  Scottish  Rite  Mason, 
member  of  the  Isis  Temple  Shrine  of  Salina,  and  a  member  of  the  Inde- 
pendent Order  of  Odd  Fellows.  He  is  a  trustee  of  the  Presbyterian 
church,  giving  liberally  to  the  building  fund  for  the  new  edifice  and -it 
was  due  largely  to  his  activity  that  the  new  building  was  secured.  On 
December  20,  1899,  Mr.  Jellison  married  Maude  S.,  the  daughter  of  Rich- 
ard Gifford,  a  pioneer  farmer  of  Wilson.  Mrs.  Jellison  is  very  popular 
socially  and  is  one  of  the  leaders  of  Wilson  and  Ellsworth  county.  Mr. 
Jellison  is  an  energetic  man,  fond  of  outdoor  sports  and  athletics,  being 
one  of  the  most  popular  men  of  Wilson. 

Arthur  Larkin,  dece'ased,  one  of  the  honored  pioneers  of  this  great 
commonwealth,  served  faithfully  and  long  in  the  West.  He  was  one 
of  the  founders  of  the  city  of  Ellsworth,  and  one  of  its  most  active  and 
prominent  builders.  Mr.  Larkin  was  born  in  Dublin  Ireland,  August  20, 
1832.  When  a  mere  lad  of  sixteen  he  landed  in  New  York,  a  poor  boy, 
determined  to  make  his  fortune  in  the  new  world.     He  landed  in  this 


BIOGRAPHICAL  97 

country  in  1848,  and  for  a  few  months  remained  in  Kew  York,  when  he 
went  to  Fort  Clark,  Texas,  and  enlisted  in  the  United  States  service 
in  the  Mexican  war,  in  Captain  Ford's  company  of  Texas  Rangers,  and 
at  the  close  of  that  war  he  enlisted  in  the  regular  army  service  until  1861, 
when  he  was  honorably  discharged  on  account  of  disability  at  Fort 
Leavenworth.  Me  was  first  sergeant  of  his  company  at  the  time.  After 
leaving  the  army  he  engaged  in  freighting  by  team  to  Denver,  Col.,  but 
in  the  fall  of  1866  gave  that  up  to  open  a  restaurant  in  Junction  City, 
Kan.,  at  the  same  time  freighting  to  Salina.  In  1867  he  located  at  Ells- 
worth and  soon  built  the  Larkinf  House,  the  first  hotel,  which  was  one 
of  the  first  buildings  in  the  town.  It  was  burned  in  1869,  and  in  1872 
Mr.  Larkin  erected  the  White  House,  which  he  operated  until  1905.  He 
also  built  the  American  House  in  1878,  known  today  as  the  Baker 
House,  and  the  Rogers  House.  Mr.  Larkin  was  one  of  the  pioneer  mer- 
chants of  Ellsworth,  opening  a  general  store  there  in  1868:  subsequently 
he  established  branch  stores  at  Lincoln  Center  and  Little  River.  All  his 
life  Mr.  Larkin  was  imbued  with  the  spirit  of  progress,  and  was  one  of 
the  few  men  who  had  the  courage  of  his  convictions  to  carry  out  projects 
that  seemed  ahead  of  his  time.  An  example  of  this  spirit  was  his  erec- 
tion of  the  first  flour  mil!  at  Ellsworth  and  the  first  elevator.  In  1876 
he  erected  the  first  fine  store  building  on  Douglas  avenue.  This  was  a 
two-story  stone  structure,  where  he  conducted  a  mercantile  business 
until  1895.  f^^'s  sons  subsequently  carried  on  business  operations  there 
under  the  firm  name  of  Larkins'  Sons.  Several  other  good  pieces  of 
business  property  were  owned  by  Mr.  Larkin,  who  operated  his  home 
farm  of  200  acres  south  of  the  town  ;  a  480-acre  tract  near  Frederick  and 
a  720-acre  ranch  southeast  of  Ellsworth.  For  many  years  he  was  a 
breeder  of  Flereford  cattle  and  an  extensive  feeder.  He  kept  a  fine  train- 
ing stable  for  the  high-bred  driving  horses  which  he  raised,  which  had  a 
wide  reputation.  In  1883  Mr.  Larkin  erected  a  large  and  elegant  home 
on  a  raise  of  ground  south  of  Ellsworth  overlooking  the  town.  It 
was  fitted  out  with  all  modern  conveniences,  with  private  water  plant, 
gas  well,  lighting  and  heating  systems.  In  addition  to  the  beautiful 
stone  house  there  is  a  fine  barn  on  the  premises  with  every  convenience 
for  horses  and  automobiles.  Mr.  Larkin's  time  was  not  devoted  entirely 
to  personal  affairs,  as  he  served  as  county  commissioner  and  county 
treasurer  of  Ellsworth  county.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Grand  .\riny 
of  the  Republic  and  contributed  liberally  to  the  Catholic  church,  of 
which  he  was  a  member. 

In  1861  Mr.  Larkin  was  married,  at  Fort  Leavenworth,  to  Alice  Beard, 
who  was  a  native  of  Indiana.  On  November  4,  191 1,  Mr.  Larkin  passed 
away,  being  survived  by  his  wife  and  two  sons:  Francis  Larkin,  born 
June  3,  1875.  the  manager  of  the  .American  Woodwork  Manufacturing 
Company,  of  Evansville,  Ind.,  and  Charles  Larkin,  who  is  the  active 
manager  of  the  estate.    Arthur  Larkin,  the  eldest  son,  horn  Februarv  28, 


98  BIOGRAPHICAL 

1871,  died  in  1910.  He  married  Miss  Rose  Pressney,  and  they  had  three 
children :  Alice  Verlin,  born  January  26,  1900,  a  student  at  Mt.  Carmel 
Academy,  Wichita;  Lawrence  Pressney  and  Arthur  3d  at  home.  Thomas, 
Mary  Ann,  Edward  and  Hubert,  children  of  Arthur  Larkin  and  Alice 
Beard,  all  died  in  childhood.  During  his  life  Mr.  Larkin  built  up  a  name 
for  honesty,  fair  dealing  and  integrity,  gaining  for  himself  a  place  of 
honor  and  confidence  in  the  minds  and  hearts  of  his  friends.  In  the 
early  days  of  frontier  life  he  became  the  fast  friend  of  William  F.  Cody, 
better  known  as  Buffalo  Bill,  and  they  had  agreed  that  whenever  one  of 
them  died,  the  survivor  was  to  attend  the  funearl  of  his  friend,  but  Mr. 
Cody  could  not  be  located  at  the  time  Mr.  Larkin  was  laid  away,  and 
the  fact  was  deeply  regretted. 

James  Cowie,  deceased,  mining  engineer,  and  pioneer  salt  manufac- 
turer of  Kansas,  was  a  representative  of  that  class  of  substantial  builders 
of  this  great  commonwealth  who  did  his  full  share  in  establishing  and 
maintaining  the  material  interests  of  the  State.  He  was  born  February 
22,  1840,  at  Camsland,  Lenarkshire,  Scotland,  the  son  of  George  Cowie, 
a  coal  mine  manager,  and  his  wife,  Jennie  Campbell  Cowie.  Reared  in 
Scotland,  the  land  of  hills  and  heather,  Mr.  Cowie  entered  a  mine  at 
the  tender  age  of  nine,  attending  school  at  night  that  he  might  gain  an 
education.  With  the  passing  years  his  Scotch  thrift,  perseverance  and 
diligence  enabled  him-  to  w^ork  up  and  become  manager  of  mines,  having 
charge  of  twenty-one  shafts  at  Kilsyth.  In  1883  Mr.  Cowie  left  his 
native  land  for  America  to  seek  a  wider  field  for  his  professional  work. 
One  of  the  first  pieces  of  engineering  he  undertook  in  this  country  was 
the  sinking  of  the  first  coal  shaft  at  Streator,  III.,  for  Congressman 
Plumb.  Following  this  he  entered  the  employ  of  the  H.  C.  Frick  Coal 
and  Coke  Company  at  Mt.  Pleasant,  Pa.,  in  1885.  During  his  connection 
with  this  firm  he  sunk  four  shafts  and  put  them  in  operation.  Five 
years  later  he  became  associated  with  the  Connellsville  Coke  and  Iron 
Company  at  Leisenring,  Pa.,  but  after  sinking  three  shafts  became  inter- 
ested with  S.  E.  Baker  and  P.  S.  Crowell,  of  Springfield,  Ohio,  and  J. 
M.  Phelps,  of  Dayton,  Ohio,  in  organizing  the  Royal  Salt  Company,  of 
which  Mr.  Cowie  was  made  manager.  The  company  secured  2,000  acres 
of  land  at  Kanopolis,  Kan.,  where  a  vein  of  salt  200  feet  thick  was 
opened  800  feet  below  the  surface,  the  first  salt  shaft  to  be  sunk  in  the 
State.  Over  $100,000  was  spent  on  the  plant ;  twenty-two  tenement 
houses  were  erected  for  the  employes.  When  Mr.  Cowie  came  to  Kan- 
opolis the  town  had  only  about  fifty  inhabitants,  while  he  employed  over 
a  hundred  men.  The  project  was  remarkably  successful,  due  to  the 
excellent  management  of  Mr.  Cowie,  and  became  a  paying  proposition 
from  the  first.  He  remained  with  the  firm  until  1906,  when  he  became 
associated  with  Paul  Lanius.  John  McNeal  and  a  Mr.  Hummell,  of  Den- 
ver, in  the\irganization  of  the  Crystal  Salt  Company,  which  secured  a 
700-acre  tract  of  land  at  Kanopolis,  over  the  same  vein  that  the  Royal 


BIOGRAPHICAL  99 

Salt  Company's  tract  covers.  Here  a  $100,000  plant  was  erected  and  put 
into  operation,  of  which  Mr.  Cowie  was  manager  until  his  death,  June  5, 
191 1.  Mr.  Cowie  owned  a  large  interest  in  the  plant,  which  has  eight 
tenement  houses  near  it  for  the  use  of  the  employes,  who  number  about 
one  hundred.  Due  to  the  large  salt  industry  Kanopolis  has  the  largest 
freight  tonnage  of  any  station  on  the  I'nion  Pacific  railroad  between 
Kansas  City  and  Denver,  as  the  output  of  the  two  plants  is  about  2,000 
cars  a  year.  A  town  of  600  population  has  grown  up  at  Kanopolis,  due 
to  the  salt  plants  and  the  business  they  brought.  Mr.  Cowie  is  re- 
garded as  the  real  builder  of  the  town,  as  he  assisted  with  time  and 
money  and  project  for  civic  improvements.  He  was  a  Republican  in 
politics  and  served  as  mayor  of  the  town  two  terms.  His  religious  affil- 
iations were  with  the  Presbyterian  church,  in  which  he  was  an  active 
worker  and  trustee. 

Mr.  Cowie  married  Elizabeth  Barrownian,  of  Boness  Linlithgowshire, 
Scotland,  who  survives  him.  To  this  union  were  born  the  following 
children :  George  Cowie,  the  manager  of  the  Standard  Salt  Company, 
Little  River,  Kan.;  James  Cowie,  Jr.,  president  of  the  Exchange  State 
Bank  and  manager  of  the  Royal  Salt  Company,  of  Kanopolis,  Kan. ; 
Daniel  Cowie,  manager  of  the  Detroit  Salt  Works,  Detroit,  Mich. ; 
Jeanette,  the  wife  of  Samuel  H.  Hogsett,  a  real  estate  dealer  of  Kansas 
City,  Mo.;  and  Elizabeth,  the  wife  of  George  P.  Kelley,  a  coal  and  salt 
operator,  of  Kansas  City,  Mo.  Mr.  Cowie  was  one  of  the  canny  Scotch- 
men whose  natural  ability,  business  training  and  ancestral  traits  made 
him  a  mining  engineer  of  the  first  class,  a  good  citizen  and  markedly 
successful  business  man,  although  he  was  modest  and  unassuming  in 
manner  and  appearance,  leaving  others  to  learn  his  worth  and  merits 
from  others  than  himself. 

James  Cowie,  Jr.,  president  of  the  Exchange  State  Bank,  manager  of 
the  Royal  Salt  Com])any,  and  well  known  business  man  of  Kanopolis, 
Kan.,  was  born  September  9,  1865.  at  Kilsyth,  Stirlingshire.  Scotland,  a 
son  of  James  and  Elizabeth  Barrowman  Cowie,  both  of  whom  were  na- 
tives of  Scotland.  He  received  his  early  education  in  the  schools  of  his 
native  country,  and  then  entered  the  engineering  school  of  Glasgow  I'ni- 
versity,  where  he  graduated  with  the  class  i)f  1883.  The  same  year  he 
came  to  the  I'nited  States  with  his  parents,  locating  at  Strealor,  111., 
where  he  compiled  a  map  of  that  city.  In  1885  he  entered  the  engineering 
department  of  the  If.  C.  Frick  Coal  and  Coke  Company,  of  Mt.  Pleasant, 
Pa.  .After  being  associated  with  this  concern  five  years  Mr.  Cowie  re- 
signed to  become  superintendent  of  the  Conncllsville  Coke  and  Iron 
Company,  but  in  1892  severed  his  connections  with  it  to  go  to  Dolomite, 
Ala.,  as  sui)erintendent  of  the  mines  of  the  Woodward  Iron  Company, 
located  there.  For  two  years  he  held  this  position,  then  for  ten  years  was 
superintendent  at  I'.luc  Creek,  Ala.,  for  the  Tennessee  Coal  and  Iron 
Company.     In  1902  Mr.  Cowie  came  to  Kanopolis  as  assistant  superin- 


lOO  BIOGRAPHICAL 

tendent  of  the  Royal  Salt  Company,  and  four  years  later,  when  his 
father  resigned  as  superintendent,  he  succeeded  to  that  position.  In  igo6, 
with  his  father  and  W.  AI.  Benton,  Mr.  Cowie  organized  the  Exchange 
State  Bank  of  Kanopolis,  with  a  capital  of  $10,000.  He  became  the  first 
president  of  the  institution,  which  position  he  still  holds.  From  the  first 
the  bank  prospered  under  the  careful  guidance  given  it  by  Mr.  Cowie, 
who  has  keen  business  insight  and  is  regarded  as  one  of  the  most  con- 
servative and  prosperous  bankers  of  central  Kansas.  In  1912  the  bank 
had  surplus  of  $3,600  and  deposits  of  $50,000.  Politically,  Mr.  Cowie  is 
a  supporter  of  the  Republican  party.  He  is  a  Blue  Lodge  Mason  and  a 
member  of  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows.  For  some  time  he 
has  served  as  president  of  the  board  of  trustee  of  the  Presbyterian 
church,  of  which  he  is  a  member. 

In  1892  Mr.  Cowie  married  Jennie,  the  daughter  of  Richard  Thomp- 
son, a  mine  superintendent,  of  Cumberland  county,  Maryland.  They 
have  three  children:  James  Cowie  III,  a  student  of  Emporia  College; 
Richard  and  Martha.  Mr.  Cowie  is  a  gentleman  of  genuine  worth  who 
has  many  warm  personal  friends  and  stands  high  in  the  regard  of  his 
business  associates. 

Frederick  Koster  has  had  an  active  and  successful  business  career  and 
ranks  as  one  of  the  extensive  property  owners  of  the  State.  He  is  a  native 
of  jMassachusetts  and  was  born  in  Middlefield,  that  State,  March  28, 
1852.  He  is  a  son  of  \\'ill!am  and  Elizabeth  .\nn  (Greenlief)  Koster, 
who  were  the  parents  of  seven  children,  viz. :  John  S.,  William  H.,  Eliz- 
abeth A.,  George.  Isabel,  Frederick  and  Franklin,  all  of  whom  are  liv- 
ing with  the  exception  of  William  H.,  who  died  January  20,  i860.  Wil- 
liam Koster,  the  father,  was  born  in  New  York  City.  Alay  22,  1811.  and 
died  at  Bondsville,  Mass.,  January  3,  1858.  He  was  a  paper  manufacturer 
and  had  had  a  very  successful  career.  Frederick  Koster  was  educated 
in  the  public  schools  of  Bondsville,  Mass.,  and  Monson  -A.cademy  at 
Monson,  of  the  same  State.  In  1869  he  went  to  Wisconsin,  where  he 
worked  in  the  pine  woods  of  that  State  one  year.  In  1870  he  and  a 
brother  fitted  themselves  out  with  a  team  of  oxen  and  a  wagon  and 
drove  to  Kansas.  They  located  on  Government  land  in  Ottawa  county, 
where  our  subject  farmed  for  twenty-one  years.  He  added  to  his  orig- 
inal holdings  until  he  now  owns  over  thirt3--three  hundred  acres  of  land. 
He  has  been  an  extensive  dealer  in  cattle  and  has  been  very  successful 
in  that  business.  In  1891  he  removed  to  Miltonvale,  where  he  has  since 
made  his  home.  Mr.  Koster  was  married  December  25,  1874,  to  Miss 
Clara  C.  daughter  of  John  B.  McCoy,  of  Lamar.  To  this  union  six  chil- 
dren have  been  born,  as  follows:  Cora  May,  born  February  15,  1877, 
married  J.  Brooks  Johnson  May  29,  1902.  and  they  have  one  child.  Brooks 
Koster;  Jessie  Rosella,  born  January  31.  1880.  married  W.  H.  Shroyer, 
January  i,  1901,  and  four  children  have  been  born  to  them — Eva  May, 
born  October  11,  1901 ;  Ella  Grace,  born  July  20,  1903;  James  Frederick, 


BIOGRAPHICAL  lOI 

born  April  i8,  1904,  and  J.  Austin,  born  August  18,  1909;  Ella  Myrtle, 
born  September  14,  1881.  married  John  Hauscrman  July  4,  1906;  Viola 
Belle,  born  January  23,  1884,  married  Eli  Walker  June  18,  1906,  and  two 
children  have  been  born  to  them — Oueena  Esther,  born  August  3,  1906, 
and  Clifford  .\ustin,  born  April  8,  1908;  John  Frederick,  born  January  13, 
1886,  married  Irma  Austin  in  1908  and  the)'  have  one  child,  John  F.,  Jr., 
born  October  25,  1909;  and  George  Melvin,  born  December  27,  1898.  Mr. 
Koster  is  one  of  the  substantial  and  influential  citizens  of  central  Kan- 
sas, and  while  he  has  led  a  very  active  business  life,  devoted  to  private 
enterprises,  in  which  he  has  been  eminently  successful,  he  has  also  taken 
an  active  part  in  all  movements  tending  to  the  betterment  of  the  commu- 
nity. He  has  served  as  township  treasurer  and  has  been  mayor  of  Mil- 
tonvale,  but  has  never  aspired  to  hold  public  office.  He  is  a  stanch 
Republican,  a  member  of  the  time-honored  Masonic  fraternity  and  be- 
longs to  the  Christian  church. 

A.  C.  T.  Geiger,  a  prominent  attorney  of  Oberlin,  Kan.,  and  a  well 
known  public  speaker  and  orator,  was  born  in  Cedar  county,  Iowa,  Jan- 
uary 19,  1858,  son  of  Jacob  and  Elizabeth  (Lichtenwaltey)  Geiger,  the 
former  a  native  of  Germany,  who  came  to  .Xmerica  with  his  parents  when 
eight  years  old.  Jacob  Geiger  was  an  educated  man,  having  attended 
college  at  ilarietta,  Ohio,  and  at  one  time  was  a  candidate  for  Congress 
of  the  Second  Iowa  district,  in  which  he  lived.  He  was  a  farmer.  His 
wife,  and  mother  of  our  subject,  was  a  native  of  Maryland,  of  German 
and  English  descent. 

The  subject  of  this  sketch  was  raised  on  his  father's  farm,,  where  he 
helped  with  the  work  and  attended  the  country  schools.  After  fin- 
ishing the  common  school  course  he  attended  school  at  Carthage,  111., 
taking  the  Bachelor  of  .\rts  degree  in  1882,  and  received  his  Master  of 
.Arts  degree  in  1885  on  his  record  as  a  student  and  by  reason  of  having 
taken  up  law.  While  in  college  he  won  the  junior  oratorical  contest 
and  received  a  medal.  Ilis  father  owned  several  farms  and  wanted  the 
boy  to  remain  at  home,  but  as  he  was  determined  to  learn  a  profession 
he  went  to  college.  His  father  soon  had  reason  to  be  ^■ery  proud  of 
him  and  wanted  him  to  finish,  .\fter  leaving  college  he  returned  to 
Cedar  county,  Iowa,  and  taught  school,  at  the  same  time  reading  law 
from  books  loaned  him  by  his  brother,  who  was  practicing  that  profes- 
sion at  the  time.    Two  of  his  three  brothers  are  lawyers. 

In  1885,  Mr.  Geiger  was  admitted  to  the  bar  of  Iowa  at  Tipton,  in 
that  State,  Judge  Hedges  presiding  on  the  bench.  After  working  for  a 
few  months  in  his  brother's  office  at  Tipton  he  started  west,  in  January, 
1886,  and  located  at  Oberlin,  Kan.,  February  25  of  that  year,  where  he 
began  the  practice  of  his  profession.  In  the  fall  of  1886  he  was  elected 
county  attorney  and  served  two  years,  after  which  he  practiced  law  for 
about  eighteen  months,  when  he  was  appointed  county  attorney  by  the 
district  judge,  and  in  the  fall  was  elected  without  opposition.     He  was 


I02  BIOGRAPHICAL 

reelected,  but  did  not  complete  his  term,  resigning  within  one  year  after 
his  second  election  to  become  district  judge,  to  which  office  he  was 
elected  in  1893,  and  served  eight  3'ears.  The  biennial  election  law  was 
then  introduced  and  for  one  year  he  was  not  on  the  bench,  but  after 
that  time  he  was  elected  again  and  served  one  term  of  four  years.  He 
was  judge  at  the  time  of  the  most  celebrated  case  ever  tried  in  Kansas, 
that  of  the  State  vs.  Dewey,  which  lasted  for  seven  weeks,  and  there 
has  never  been  any  adverse  criticism  on  his  judicial  management  of  that 
case.  The  Ellen  Lunney  murder  trial,  which  lasted  one  week,  was  also 
tried  before  him.  After  leaving  the  bench  he  resumed  the  practice  of 
law  in  Oberlin  and  has  continued  ever  since.  Mr.  Geiger  is  retained 
as  attorney  by  several  large  corporations.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Knights 
of  Pythias  and  the  Masons  in  all  branches,  and  is  a  Pregressive  Re- 
publican. 

Mr.  Geiger  was  married  November  2,  1887,  to  Frances  P.  Hopp,  daugh- 
ter of  Adam  and  Louise  C.  Hopp,  both  of  German  descent,  of  Carthage, 
111.,  where  Mr.  Hopp  was  engaged  in  the  leather  business.  Here  Mrs. 
Geiger  was  raised  and  attended  the  public  schools  and  the  Carthage  Col- 
lege, where  she  and  Mr.  Geiger  were  classmates,  graduating  together. 
They  had  five  children:  Marie  L.,  now  the  wife  of  D.  C.  ^Vatkins,  of 
Ellis,  Kan.;  Elizabeth  V.,  now  located  in  Madison,  Neb.;  Carl  E.,  a 
senior  in  the  high  school  at  Oberlin ;  Eunice  F.  and  Willard  T.  attending 
the  Oberlin  High  School.  Mr.  Geiger's  first  wife  died  August  15,  1900. 
Mr.  Geiger  was  married  the  second  time  on  November  9,  1901,  to  Miss 
M.  R.  Borin,  daughter  of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Frank  Borin,  of  Stockton,  Kan., 
where  she  was  born  and  raised.  Mr.  Borin  was  for  a  number  of  years 
instructor  in  the  State  Reform  School  at  Pontiac,  111.,  and  later  was  in 
the  implement  business.  He  is  now  farming.  Mrs.  Geiger  was  educated 
in  the  schools  of  Stockton  and  in  the  Stockton  Academy.  They  have  one' 
child,  Robert  A.  Geiger. 

When  Lwellyn  was  running  for  governor  Mr.  Geiger  campaigned  in 
his  behalf,  making  speeches,  and  for  some  time  relieved  him  in  his  speak- 
ing.   Our  subject  is  a  well  known  speaker  and  orator  of  note. 

Charles  Edwin  Hall  is  a  man  who  has  worked  his  way  upward  to 
a  position  among  the  substantial  men  of  the  community  in  which  he 
lives.  He  has,  by  industry  and  perseverance,  won  the  support' and  con- 
fidence of  many  men,  who  honor  him  for  his  high  standard  and  pro- 
gressive ideas.  Mr.  Hall  was  born  in  Rosendale  township,  Foun  du  Lac 
county,  Wisconsin,  February  26,  1852,  the  son  of  Dr.  Storrs  and  Eliza- 
beth Scribner  Hall.  Dr.  Hall  was  born  in  Washington  county.  New 
York,  and  received  his  early  education  in  New  England.  Subsequently  he 
graduated  from  the  literary  department  of  Rutland  College.  Vermont, 
before  taking  up  the  study  of  medicine  at  Yale  University.  After  com- 
pleting his  professional  course  the  doctor  located  in  Wisconsin,  where 
he  became  a  popular  and  well  known  physician  and  prominent  citizen. 


BIOGRAPHICAL  IO3 

He  died  in  1905,  at  the  a.s;e  of  ninety-one  years.  Four  sons  survive  him: 
Sidney  S.,  a  physician  of  Ripen,  Wis.,  who  graduated  from  the  medical 
department  of  Harvard  I'niversity  and  served  as  assistant  surgeon  in 
the  United  States  Navy  during  the  Civil  war;  William  S.,  of  Denver, 
Col.,  who  has  large  dair}-  interests ;  Ira  S.,  of  Minneapolis,  Minn.,  and 
Charles  Edwin,  who  was  reared  in  Wisconsin.  He  received  the  educa- 
tional advantages  afforded  by  the  excellent  public  schools  of  Wisconsin 
and  completed  a  two-year  course  at  Ripon  College,  Ripon,  Wis.,  but  was 
compelled  to  leave  college  because  of  ill  health  and  take  up  out-door  life. 
He  devoted  the  years  from  1869  to  1877  to  regaining  his  health  and  the 
latter  year  came  to  Kansas,  locating  at  Russell  for  the  purpose  of  engag- 
ing in  the  banking  business,  but  his  health  again  failing,  he  returned 
home.  The  lure  of  the  West  held  with  Mr.  Hall,  who  had  great  faith 
in  Kansas,  and  in  1885  '^^  returned  to  establish  a  drug  business,  which 
he  conducted  until  1889.  He  then  became  register  of  deeds  of  Russell 
count}',  having  been  elected  to  that  office  on  the  Republican  ticket  the 
year  previous.  He  was  reelected  in  1891  and  again  in  1893  and  1895. 
During  the  four  terms  Mr.  Hall  was  in  office  he  made  a  fine  record,  gain- 
ing the  confidence  of  the  voters  by  his  honesty  and  ability,  becoming 
one  of  the  most  popular  men  in  the  county  offices.  During  President 
McKinley's  administration,  in  1898,  he  was  apixiinted  postmaster  of 
Russell,  serving  four  years.  In  1890  Mr.  Hall  purchased  the  abstract 
books  of  the  county  and  upon  retiring  as  postmaster  he  added  to  this 
business  bj'  handling  real  estate  and  insurance.  At  the  same  time  he 
handled  a  growing  mortgage  and  loan  and  abstract  office,  becoming  the 
leading  man  in  this  line  west  of  Ellsworth.  Mr.  Hall  has  always  taken 
a  keen  interest  in  public  affairs  and  has  been  liberal  in  the  expenditure 
of  his  time  and  energy  for  the  public.  He  is  chairman  of  the  Russell 
County  Republican  Central  Committee;  has  been  a  delegate  a  number 
,of  times  to  the  Republican  State  conventions  and  to  the  National  con- 
vention in  1904.  He  is  secretary  of  the  Russell  Commercial  Club.  For 
some  years  he  has  been  a  director  of  the  Russell  State  Rank  and  is  a 
large  owner  of  both  business  and  residence  properly.  Progress  has  been 
Mr.  Hall's  watchword  and  he  has  consistently  urged  and  stood  for  civic 
improvements.  He  is  popular  as  a  friend  and  highly  respected  as  a 
business  man  by  his  man\  friends  and  acquaintances.  Fraternally  he 
is  a  member  of  St.  Aldemar  Commandery,  Knights  Templar,  of  Ells- 
worth, of  Isis  Temple  Shrine,  of  Salina,  and  of  the  Modern  Woodmen 
of  America.  On  December  23.  1874,  Mr.  Hail  married  Emma  M.,  the 
daughter  of  Henry  I.  Ackerman,  a  merchant  of  Fond  du  Lac,  Wis.,  and  a 
sister  of  Theodore  Ackerman.  one  of  the  founders  of  Russell.  Two  chil- 
dren were  born  to  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Hall — Winifred  R.,  who  owns  the 
American  College  of  Dressmaking  at  Russell,  and  Henry  Storrs,  who 
died  in  1892,  aged  twenty-two.  He  was  educated  at  Washburn  College 
and  was  studying  medicine  at  Ripon,  Wis.,  at  the  time  of  his  death. 


104  BIOGRAPHICAL 

Mrs.  Hall  is  a  prominent  church  worker  at  Russell,  takes  a  leading  part 
socially  and  is  helping  build  up  the  public  library  in  connection  with 
other  civic  improvements. 

Charles  Clark  Evans. — In  the  development  of  the  agricultural  re- 
sources of  Kansas,  which  has  placed  her  in  this  respect  in  the  front 
rank  among  her  sister  States  of  the  L'nion,  opportunity  has  been  offered 
to  many  men  not  only  to  cause  the  wilderness  to  bloom,  to  realize 
substantial  returns  in  a  financial  way,  but  to  become  leaders  and  teach- 
ers among  their  fellow  men.  Among  those  who  have  been  of  potential 
value  in  the  upbuilding  of  northwestern  Kansas  is  numbered  the  subject 
of  this  article.  As  a  stockman  and  farmer  he  has  been  successful,  as 
receiver  of  the  United  States  Land  Office  at  Colby  and  as  treasurer  of 
Sheridan  county  he  served  with  credit,  and  to  his  pluck,  energy  and 
enterprise  Sherman  county  is  indebted  for  her  first  irrigation  project. 

Charles  Clark  Evans  was  born  at  West  Liberty,  Iowa,  on  July  9, 
1839,  a  son  of  William  C.  and  Mary  Ann  (Winslow)  Evans.  His  an- 
cestors, paternal  and  maternal,  were  among  the  early  settlers  of  Amer- 
ica and  numbered  among  them  are  men  who  achieved  distinction  in  the 
frontier  life  of  those  early  days,  in  the  commercial  era  which  followed, 
in  the  French  and  Indian  wars  and  later  in  the  w'ar  of  the  Revolution. 
The  Evans  family  orinigated  on  the  Isle  of  Man  and  was  founded  in 
America  during  the  early  settlement  of  the  Connecticut  Colony.  John 
Evans,  paternal  great-grandfather  of  our  subject,  served  in  the  war  of 
the  Revolution  with  the  Colonial  forces.  He  was  a  farmer  and  lived  at 
Schodack,  N.  Y.  His  son,  Simeon,  grandfather  of  our  subject,  was  a  sol- 
dier in  the  War  of  1812.  His  earl}'  life  was  spent  in  farming  in  Dela- 
ware and  Otsego  counties.  New  York.  In  1830  he  sought  opportunity 
in  the  West  and  became  a  pioneer  of  Geauga  county,  Ohio,  first  opened 
to  settlement  as  the  Western  Reserve.  He  married  Polly  Kelly,  a 
daughter  of  Stephen  Kelly,  born  in  Rhode  Island.  He  served  with  the 
Continentals  throughout  the  war  for  independence.  William  C.  Evans, 
father  of  our  subject  and  the  son  of  Stephen,  was  born  in  Otsego  county. 
New  York,  in  1822.  His  early  years  were  spent  in  farming,  first  in 
Ohio,  where  he  came  with  his  parents  in  1830,  then  at  Port  B3'ron,  111.. 
where  he  removed  in  1850.  In  1855  ^^^  became  a  resident  of  West  Lib- 
erty, Iowa,  where  he  filled  the  position  of  local  agent  for  the  Mississippi 
&  Missouri  railroad,  at  that  time  recently  completed  and  now  a  part 
of  the  Rock  Island  lines.  After  a  few  years'  service  in  this  capacity 
he  resigned  from  the  company's  employ  to  resume  agricultural  pur- 
suits. He  developed  one  of  the  best  farming  enterprises  and  stock  breed- 
ing establishments  in  that  section  of  the  State.  As  a  breeder  he  had  the 
distinction  of  introducing  the  Short  Horn  strain  into  the  State.  The 
last  years  of  his  life  were  spent  in  Sheridan  county,  to  which  State  he 
had  removed  in  1884.  On  the  formation  of  the  Republican  party  he 
became  a  consistent  advocate  of  and  supporter  of  its  principles.     Iowa 


BIOGRAPHICAL  I05 

honored  him  with  public  office,  in  wliich  he  served  with  credit.  He 
was  twice  elected  to  its  State  legislature  and  was  active  and  influential 
in  the  passing  of  legislation  of  importance.  He  was  a  member  of  the 
recruiting  board  of  his  district  during  the  Civil  war  and  was  detailed  on 
special  service  in  the  South.  He  married  Miss  Mary  Ann  Winslow, 
a  descendant  of  Kenelen  Winslow,  a  native  of  England,  who  came  to 
the  Massachusetts  Colony  in  1629,  of  which  a  brother.  Robert  Winslow, 
was  one  of  the  early  governors.  Her  grandfather,  Stephen  Winslow, 
was  a  soldier  of  the  Continental  line  in  the  War  of  the  Revolution,  who 
late  in  life  located  in  Windsor,  Lake  county,  Ohio,  where  he  died,  aged 
eighty-five.  Her  inother  was  a  daughter  of  Jonathan  Nye,  also  a  soldier 
in  the  War  of  the  Revolution.  He  was  a  sergeant  in  Captain  John 
Granger's  company  of  ^Minute  Men  and  his  command  was  known  as  the 
Lexington  Alarm  Roll.  His  residence  was  in  New  Braintree,  Mass. 
Mary  .Ann  (Winslow)  Evans  was  born  in  1830  and  died  in  1908.  Eight 
children  were  born  to  \\'illiani  C.  and  Mary  Ann  Evans,  all  of  whom  sur- 
vive. Lucy  D.,  a  graduate  of  Iowa  University,  is  a  teacher  in  the  Moline 
nilinois)  public  schools,  a  position  she  has  occupied  for  the  past  thirty 
years.  Wilma  A.  is  the  wife  of  W.  H.  Shipman,  an  extensive  manufac- 
turer of  harness  and  racing  materials,  of  W'est  Libert}-,  Iowa.  Ella  is  the 
wife  of  Grant  Nichols,  a  well  known  bandmaster  of  the  same  city.  Sarah 
R.  is  county  superintendent  of  schools  of  Yellowstone  county,  Montana. 
\\'arren  A.  is  an  expert  accountant  of  Billings,  Mont.  Hugh  S.  is  in  the 
lumber  business  at  Tacoma,  W'ash.  Roy  W.  is  an  electrician  of  Deer 
I-odge,  Mont.    The  subject  of  this  article  completes  the  family. 

Charles  Clark  Evans  was  reared  on  his  father's  farm  at  West  Liberty, 
Iowa,  and  received  his  education  in  the  public  schools  of  that  city.  In 
1879  he  came  to  Kansas  and  engaged  in  sheep  ranching  in  Chase  county. 
From  1882  to  1884  he  followed  the  cattle  business  and  in  the  latter  year 
removed  to  Sheridan  county,  where  he  took  a  homestead  fifteen  miles 
west  of  Lenora.  Here  he  established  a  successful  stock  business  and 
added  to  his  grazing  lands,  until  he  became  the  owner  of  1,000  acres. 
In  1933  he  was  persuaded  by  G.  L.  Calvert,  of  Goodland,  to  purchase  a 
tract  of  land  in  X'oltaire  township,  Sherman  county.  On  this  ])roperty 
was  placed  the  first  irrigating  plant  in  northwestern  Kansas,  which  is 
now  in  successful  operation.  He  has  added  to  his  original  holdings 
until  he  now  has  1,760  acres.  About  ten  per  cent,  is  in  alfalfa  and  the 
rest  in  wheat  and  corn.  This  venture  required  not  only  a  large  invest- 
ment, but  pluck  and  energy  to  nurse  it  along  to  profitable  production. 
.As  a  pioneer  in  this  character  of  farming  in  his  section  of  the  State, 
Mr.  Evans  has  evidenced  the  possession  of  far-sightedness  and  enter- 
prise which  have  not  only  produced  satisfactory  financial  returns  for 
his  investment,  but  have  been  of  incalculable  benefit  to  Sherman  county. 
In  connection  with  public  affairs  of  his  section  of  the  State  he  has 
become  well  and  favorably  known.     He  has  been  a  life-long  Republican 


Io6  BIOGRAPHICAL 

and  has  taken  an  active  part  in  the  affairs  of  this  organization.  In 
1887  he  was  elected  commissioner  of  Sheridan  county  and  served  one 
term,  refusing  to  accept  nomination  for  a  second.  He  was  elected  treas- 
urer in  1895  and  reelected  in  1897.  In  February,  1892,  he  was  appointed 
receiver  of  the  United  States  Land  Office  at  Colby  and  reappointed  in 
1902.  He  served  in  this  capacity  until  the  abolition  of  the  office  on 
March  31,  1909.  On  conclusion  of  his  government  service  he  became  a 
resident  of  Goodland,  his  present  home.  He  has  served  as  chairman  of 
the  senatorial  committee  of  the  thirty-ninth  district  for  the  past  eight 
years  and  has  been  a  delegate  to  several  State  and  congressional  con- 
ventions of  his  party.  Mr.  Evans  has  attained  to  the  Knights  Templar 
degree  in  Masonry. 

On  December  28,  1882,  Mr.  Evans  married  Miss  Isabella  Kelly,  daugh- 
ter of  John  Kelly,  a  prominent  stockman  of  Chase  county,  Kansas. 
Mr.  Kelly  was  born  in  Ireland,  for  a  time  was  a  resident  of  Illinois, 
and  his  daughter  was  born  in  Pittsfield.  that  State.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Evans 
are  the  parents  of  four  children :  William  Kelly  Evans,  born  January 
27,  1884,  a  graduate  of  Kansas  Agricultural  College,  class  of  1905.  now 
superintendent  of  his  father's  ranch  in  Sherman  county.  He  married 
in  1912  Miss  Elsie  Rosenbrough,  of  Cheyenne  county,  Kansas.  Mary 
A.  Evans,  a  teacher  in  the  Colby,  Kan.,  schools,  was  born  March  15, 
1887,  and  is  a  graduate  of  Thomas  County  High  School  and  for  a  time  a 
student  in  Washburn  College ;  Wilma  D.  Evans,  born  January  3,  1889, 
a  graduate  of  the  Domestic  Science  Department  of  Kansas  Agricultural 
College,  class  of  1909,  and  now  a  teacher  in  the  United  States  Govern- 
ment School  for  Indian  Girls,  at  Tuskahoma,  Okla.,  and  Jessie  B.  Evans, 
horn  February  2,  1898.  Mrs.  Evans  is  a  woman  of  broad  culture  and 
refinement  and  popular  in  the  social  circles  of  Sheridan  and  Sherman 
counties,  in  which  she  is  a  leader.  She  is  president  of  the  Round  Table 
Club  of  Goodland  and  a  member  of  the  Presbyterian  church.  As  a  man 
among  men,  bearing  his  due  share  in  connection  with  the  practical 
activities  and  responsibilities  of  a  work-a-day  world,  j\Ir.  Evans  has  been 
successful ;  but  over  all  and  above  all,  he  is  rich  in  the  possession  of  a 
well  earned  popularity  and  in  the  esteem  which  comes  from  honorable 
living.  Progressiveness  and  energy  have  marked  the  management  of 
his  commercial  affairs  and  his  methods  have  been  clean,  capable  and 
honest.  As  a  public  official,  he  served  with  honor  and  distinction.  His 
close  associates  have  always  been  men  who  have  had  the  welfare  of 
the  community  at  heart  and  who  have  been  ready  to  assist,  with  time 
and  money,  any  enterprise  or  measure  which  had  for  its  object  commer- 
cial, civic  or  social  betterment. 

John  Jones  Knight. — A  publication  of  this  nature  e.xercises  its  most 
important  function  when  it  takes  cognizance  of  the  life  and  labors  of 
those  citizens  who  have  risen  to  prominence  and  prosperity  through 
their  own  well  directed  efforts,  and  who  have  been  of  material  value  in 


BIOGRAPHICAL  IO7 

furthering  the  advancement  and  development  of  the  commonwealth. 
Mr.  Knight  has  become  well  known  to  the  citizens  of  northwestern 
Kansas  as  a  breeder  of  pedigreed  cattle,  and  successful  agriculturist, 
and  to  the  citizens  of  Sherman  county  through  his  ten  years'  service  as 
register  of  deeds. 

John  Jones  Knight  was  born  in  the  city  of  Hereford,  England,  on 
December  5,  i86r,  and  is  a  son  of  Thomas  and  Mary  (Jones)  Knight. 
The  family  is  of  Welsh  origin.  The  firm  of  Knight  &  Rogers,  of  Here- 
ford, of  which  Thomas  Knight  was  a  member,  were  noted  breeders  of 
Hereford  cattle  and  among  the  first  to  export  j)edigreed  stock  of  this 
strain  to  the  Lnited  States,  their  operations  in  this  line  beginning  as  early 
as  1865.  Thomas  Knight  brought  his  family  to  American  in  rSSi  and 
located  in  Racine,  \\'is.,  where  he  resumed  his  stock  breeding  and  en- 
gaged in  farming.  In  1885  he  again  sought  a  new  home  and  located  in 
Sherman  county,  Kansas.  .Five  homesteads  adjoining  each  other  were 
taken  up  by  the  family — his  mother,  Mary  Knight,  two  sons,  John 
Jones  and  Thomas,  and  a  daughter,  Mary,  being  the  homesteaders. 
These  properties  were  situated  in  township  6,  range  38,  and  comprised 
some  of  the  choicest  bottom  land  in  the  county.  As  a  potent  factor 
in  the  early  development  of  Sherman  county  Mr.  Knight  became  well 
and  favorably  known  and  he  was  held  in  the  highest  esteem  b}-  its 
citizens.  He  retired  from  active  pursuits  in  1899  and  became  a  resi- 
dent of  Colorado  Springs,  Colo.,  where  he  died  in  1901.  He  married, 
in  early  life.  Miss  Mary  Jones,  who  died  at  Hereford,  England,  in  1880. 
They  were  the  parents  of  si.x  children,  four  of  whom  survive :  John  J., 
the  eldest,  is  the  subject  of  this  article;  Thomas  Knight  is  vice-president 
of  the  Lake  County  State  Bank  at  Chase,  Mich. :  Susanah  is  the  wife 
of  Irving  Everett,  sheriff  of  Pitkin  county,  Colorado,  who  was  recently 
elected  for  a  fourth  consecutive  term  and  was  the  only  Republican 
receiving  a  majority  in  the  1912  election ;  Sarah  is  the  wife  of  H.  M. 
Sherrod,  a  prominent  ranch  owner  and  breeder  of  Hereford  cattle,  of 
Sherman  county ;  Mary  J.  married  E.  M.  Portner,  a  contractor  and 
builder,  of  Colorado  Springs,  Colo.,  and  died  in  1897  '<  Hannah,  the  young- 
est child,  died  at  Colorado  Springs  in  1904,  aged  31. 

John  Jones  Knight  attended  the  schools  of  his  native  city,  those  of 
Racine,  Wis.,  and  took  a  course  in  Phillips  Preparatory  School  at  Mad- 
ison. Wis.  Subsequently  he  learned  the  carpenter  trade.  On  the  removal 
of  the  Knight  family  to  Kan.sas.  in  1885,  he  became  one  of  the  five  to 
take  up  a  homestead  and  engaged  in  work  incident  to  changing  the 
prairie  into  a  productive  farming  enterprise.  The  love  of  fine  cattle, 
inbred  in  him.  accounts  for  his  extensively  engaging  in  the  breeding  of 
registered  Hereford  stock,  of  which  he  is  one  of  the  most  prominent 
and  successful  in  his  section  of  the  State.  His  land  holdings  total 
1.320  acres  and  are  devoted  to  alfalfa,  wheat  and  corn  raising.  He 
maintains  a  herd  of  Herefords  averaging  150  head,  and  has  sold  breeding 


I08  BIOGRAPHICAL 

animals  over  a  large  section  of  the  State.  In  the  political  affairs  of  his 
county  he  has  for  many  years  taken  an  active  part.  He  is  a  Democrat 
and  one  of  influence.  He  held  various  township  offices  previous  to  1903, 
when  he  entered  the  office  of  register  of  deeds,  to  which  he  had  been 
elected  in  1902.  He  has  served  five  successive  terms,  having  been  re- 
elected in  1904,  1906,  1908  and  1910.  In  1912  he  was  elected  county  com- 
missioner, in  which  capacity  he  is  serving  at  the  present  time.  He  has 
the  distinction  of  having  served  a  longer  time  than  any  county  official 
of  Sherman  county  and  his  incumbency  of  the  office  of  register  of  deeds 
was  marked  by  fidelity  and  courtesy  to  his  fellow  citizens,  while  the 
administration  of  the  business  of  the  office  was  of  the  highest  standard 
of  excellence,  which  is  evidenced  by  his  numerous  reelections  at  the  hands 
of  a  satisfied  constituency.  He  has  served  as  a  member  of  the  Board 
of  Education  of  the  city  of  Goodland  since  1903  and  has  been  a  dele- 
gate to  several  State  and  congressional  conventions  of  his  party.  He 
has  attained  to  the  Knights  Templars  degree  in  Masonry  and  is  a  mem- 
ber of  Sparks  Lodge,  No.  170,  Knights  of  Pythias,  df  Goodland. 

Mr.  Knight  married,  on  August  16.  1886,  Miss  Rosa  A.  Collier,  daugh- 
ter of  Joseph  and  Caroline  (Brechner)  Collier.  Mr.  Collier  was  a  farmer 
and  surveyor  and  the  first  actual  settler  of  Sherman  county.  A  large 
part  of  the  original  surveying  was  done  by  him  and  he  also  located 
fully  half  of  the  settlers.  He  became  one  of  the  county's  most  influ- 
ential men  and  was  an  active  worker  in  the  Democratic  party.  Five 
children  have  been  born  to  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Knight,  two  of  whom  are 
living:  Myrtle  C,  born  January  31,  1888,  is  assistant  register  of  deeds; 
she  entered  the  office  under  her  father  in  1903  and  remained  with  his  suc- 
cessor:  Nellie  S.,  born  December  8,  1892,  graduated  from  Goodland  High 
School  with  the  class  of  1911.  Joseph  F.,  born  May  11.  1889,  died  De- 
cember II,  1906;  Mamie  I.,  born  March  9,  1895,  and  Maggie  M.,  born 
December  23,  1902,  died  within  a  day  of  each  other  in  1904.  of  scarlet 
fever. 

The  family  residence  in  Goodland  is  one  of  the  city's  social  centers. 
The  family  have  long  been  known  for  their  hospitality,  and  Mrs.  Knight 
and  her  daughters  are  active  in  the  work  of  the  Methodist  church,  of 
which  they  are  members.  Mr.  Knight  is  one  of  the  progressive  men  of 
his  section  of  the  State,  loyal  and  public  spirited  as  a  citizen,  and  enjoys 
to  the  full  the  confidence  and  esteem  of  his  fellow  men.  He  has  been 
successful  in  the  things  which  he  has  undertaken  and  possesses  initiative 
and  executive  ability  of  high  order. 

John  Robert  Connelly,  editor  and  publisher,  member  of  Congress  from 
the  Sixth  Kansas  district,  was  born  at  Mt.  Sterling,  111.,  February  27, 
1870,  a  son  of  Arthur  and  Sarah  J.  CManar)  Connelly.  His  father  was 
born  near  Greencastle.  Ind..  September  16,  1834,  and  his  mother  in  Ken- 
tuck^•,  ]\Iarch  4,  1844.  Arthur  Connelly  farmed  in  Illinois  from  1861  to 
1883.  when  he  went  to  Nebraska,  remaining  until  1887,  and  then  came  to 


BIOGKAPHICAL  IO9 

Kansas,  taking  a  homestead  in  Thomas  county,  near  Colby.  He  died 
there  January  2.  1912.  and  his  wife  died  November  2.  1899.  He  was  a 
Democrat,  a  member  of  the  Methodist  churcli,  and  of  the  Butler.  Mo., 
Lodge  of  Ancient  Free  and  .\ccepted  Masons.  They  had  five  children, 
ail  living  at  present:  Dora  A.,  wife  of  Thomas  J.  Upchurch,  a  farmer, 
of  Meriden,  Kan. ;  William  E.,  a  veterinary  surgeon,  of  Medical  Lake. 
\\'ash.;  Laura  B.,  wife  of  John  Garden,  a  farmer,  of  Meriden,  Kan.; 
John  R.,  our  subject,  and  James  A.,  an  employe  of  the  Chicago,  Rock 
Island  &  Pacific  railroad  at  Gem,  Kan. 

John  R.  Connelly  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Nebraska  and 
graduated  from  the  Salina  Normal  L^nivcrsity  at  Salina  in  1894.  In 
the  fall  of  that  year  he  was  elected  superintendent  of  schools  of  Thomas 
county,  and  was  reelected  in  1896.  L'pon  retiring  from  this  office  Jan- 
uary I.  1899,  he  bought  the  Colby  "Free  Press,"  which  paper  he  has 
published  and  edited  ever  since.  He  has  a  good,  modern  brick  building, 
first  class  equipment,  a  paying  business,  a  subscription  list  of  r,20O. 
The  paper  is  Democratic.  In  1908  he  was  a  candidate  for  Congress 
from  the  Sixth  district,  but  was  defeated  by  Mr.  Reeder.  the  Republican 
candidate,  .\gain,  in  1912,  he  was  a  candidate  and  defeated  I.  D.  Young. 
He  has  been  a  delegate  to  numerous  State  and  congressional  conventions 
of  his  party,  is  a  member  of  Colby  Lodge,  No.  306,  Ancient  Free  and 
Accepted  Masons,  and  of  Colby  Lodge,  No.  29,  Knights  of  Pythias,  hav- 
ing gone  through  all  the  chairs  of  the  latter,  and  is  a  member  of  the 
Christian  church.  While  he  was  superintendent  of  public  instruction 
Mr.  Connelly  secured  the  establishment  of  the  Colby  High  School,  which 
was  the  first  one  in  the  Sixth  district.  For  the  past  twelve  years  he 
has  I)een  a  member  of  the  Colby  board  of  education. 

On  June  17,  1896,  Mr.  Connelly  married  Miss  Lilian  Soudcrs.  daughter 
of  Richard  Souders,  a  farmer  of  Colby.  She  is  a  member  of  the  Christian 
church,  active  and  prominent  in  tlie  social  life  of  Thomas  county.  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Connelly  are  the  parents  of  six  children:  John  Vernon,  born 
.^pril  18.  1897;  Arthur  Richard,  born  .September  17,  1898;  James  Lloyd, 
born  December  29,  1900;  Inez  Catherine,  born  January  25,  1904;  Dorotha 
May,  born  February  23,  1907,  and  .\nnie  Laurie,  born  .'Vpril   15,  1912. 

Herbert  O.  Caster,  of  Oberliii.  Kan.,  a  prominent  attorney  of  north- 
west Kansas,  formerly  a  schoolman  and  superintendent  of  public  instruc- 
tion of  Decatur  county,  was  born  in  Meigs  county,  Ohio,  .\ugust  28. 
187;,  son  of  Dan  and  Jane  Turner  Caster,  natives  of  Ohio,  where  the 
father  was  engaged  in  farming  and  stock  raising.  In  1878  they  came 
to  Kansas  and  took  a  homestead  in  Decatur  county.  In  1881  Dan  Caster 
w?s  elected  chairman  of  the  board  of  county  commissioners  and  in  1891 
and  1S93  represented  his  county  in  the  State  legislature. 

There  was  not  a  frame  house  in  the  county  at  the  time  the  Caster 
family  came  here  and  their  first  home  was  part  sod  house  and  part 
dug-out.     Here  the  subject  of  our  sketch  was  raised  and  attended  com- 


no  BIOGRAPHICAL 

men  schools  in  a  sod  school  house  with  dirt  floor,  working  with  his 
parents  on  the  farm  during  vacations.  His  parents  were  progressive 
and  soon  had  a  fine  ranch.  After  leaving  common  schools  he  went  to 
the  Oberlin  High  School,  graduating  in  1891,  after  which  he  taught 
school  in  Decatur  county  for  one  year  and  then  attended  the  Ottawa 
I'niversity,  at  Ottawa,  Kan.,  where  he  took  the  degree  of  Bachelor  of 
Philosophy  in  1898.  While  in  college  he  was  president  of  the  State 
Oratorical  Association,  business  manager  of  the  college  paper,  and  repre- 
sented his  college  in  several  debates,  in  all  of  which  Ottawa  was  the 
winner. 

After  leaving  college  Mr.  Caster  was  appointed  superintendent  of  the 
Oberlin  city  schools,  which  position  he  held  for  three  years,  and  organ- 
ized the  first  accredited  high  school  course.  In  the  fall  of  1900  he  was 
elected  superintendent  of  public  instruction  in  Decatur  county,  and 
reelected  in  1902,  during  which  time  he  was  reading  law.  In  the  fall 
of  1903  he  drafted  a  petition  to  the  legislature  for  a  county  high  school, 
secured  three-fourths  of  the  signers  to  this  petition  and  went  down  to 
Topeka  to  assist  in  getting  the  measure  through,  in  which  he  was  suc- 
cessful. He  was  on  the  high  school  board  for  eight  years,  six  years 
of  which  he  was  treasurer.  All  of  his  brothers  and  sisters  have  been 
teachers  in  Decatur  county,  and  Mr.  Caster  organized  the  first  lecture 
course  in  the  county,  and  also  in  1907  organized  the  first  chautauqua 
in  Oberlin  and  managed  it  for  five  years.  In  1904  he  was  Democratic 
candidate  for  Congress  for  the  Sixth  district,  but  was  defeated  by  Con- 
gressman Reeder,  the  Republican  nominee.  The  next  year  he  was  a 
member  of  the  legislative  committee  of  the  State  Teachers'  Association. 
In  June,  1906,  he  was  admitted  to  the  bar  and  began  the  practice  of 
law  with  Judge  Langmade,  now  judge  in  this  district.  In  1908  Mr. 
Caster  was  elected  county  attorney,  serving  one  term,  after  which  he 
has  been  devoting  his  entire  time  to  the  practice  of  law  and  he  now  has 
a  large  clientage  over  all  the  northwestern  part  of  the  State.  Mr.  Caster 
is  a  Democrat,  a  member  of  the  Baptist  church,  for  eleven  years  has 
been  superintendent  of  the  Sunday  school,  is  a  member  of  the  board 
of  the  Baptist  State  Convention,  secretary  of  the  board  of  trustees  and 
the  teacher  of  a  men's  Bible  class.  Mr.  Caster's  father  was  in  the  county 
at  the  time  of  the  Indian  raid  and  has  the  tassel  from  an  Indian  bridle 
which  he  picked  up  the  next  morning  while  out  bringing  in  the  dead. 

On  August  23,  1900,  Mr.  Caster  married  Miss  Maud  Van  Grundy, 
daughter  of  Samuel  and  Sarah  Van  Grundy,  natives  of  Ohio  who  settled 
in  Kansas  in  i8go.  Mrs.  Caster  was  born  and  raised  in  Missouri,  where 
she  attended  the  common  schools  and  later  was  a  student  at  Tarkio 
College,  in  Tarkio,  Mo.  After  leaving  college  she  taught  common 
schools  in  Decatur  county  six  years  and  in  the  Oberlin  schools  four 
years.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Caster  have  three  children,  all  attending  school  in 
Oberlin:  Ethel,  born  October  10,  1901 ;  Mary,  born  April  19,  1905,  and 
Robert,  born  September  7,  1907. 


BIOGRAPHICAL  III 

Joseph  Hensley,  who  has  been  prominently  identified  witii  the  devel- 
opment of  southwestern  Kansas,  is  a  native  of  Germany,  lie  was  Ijorn 
at  Baden-Baden,  Fehriiar}-  i8,  1845,  and  is  a  son  of  Andrew  and  Barbara 
(Welte)  Hensley,  both  natives  of  Germany,  who  spent  their  lives  in 
the  fatherland.  The  mother  died  in  i860,  and  the  father  passed  away 
in  1890.  They  were  the  parents  of  eight  children,  all  of  whom  re- 
mained in  Germany  except  Joseph,  whose  name  introduces  this  sketch. 
In  1872  he,  in  company  with  Casper  Hensley,  a  first  cousin,  immigrated 
to  America  and  located  at  Richmond,  Iowa.  Joseph  Hensley  was  with- 
out capital,  but  he  had  the  determination  to  succeed,  and  he  went 
about  it  in  a  way  that  made  but  one  result  possible,  and  that  was  suc- 
cess. He  first  went  to  work  with  a  railroad  construction  gang,  then 
as  a  farm  hand,  and  in  1883  he  learned  of  the  great  possibilities  in  Kan- 
sas for  young,  ambitions  men  with  little  capital,  and  he  came  directly 
to  this  state,  locating  on  government  land  in  Clark  county.  His  claim 
was  located  near  the  present  town  of  Ashland,  and,  in  fact,  a  ])art  of 
the  town  now  occupies  a  portion  of  his  original  homestead.  lie  settled 
there  before  Ashland  was  thought  of,  and  three  years  before  Clark 
county  was  organized.  His  early  days  in  Clark  county  were  real  pioneer 
days.  He  was  prominent  in  the  organization  of  the  count}-  and  has 
been  an  active  and  progressive  business  man  all  his  life.  \\'lien  a 
proposition  looked  good  to  him,  he  has  always  been  willing  to  take  a 
chance.  He  has  accumulated  two  fortunes  and  has  met  with  heavy 
losses  through  crop  failures' and  reverses  of  various  characters,  and  is 
now  in  comfortable  circumstances  and  owns  a  fine  ranch  of  780  acres, 
all  under  cultivation  with  substantial  improvements,  situated  two  miles 
south  of  .Ashland.  Mr.  Hensley  was  united  in  marriage  June  8,  1877, 
at  Riverside.  Iowa,  to  Miss  .Mary,  daughter  of  James  and  Mary 
(Hocsarch)  Podrial.  She  was  a  native  of  Bohemia,  born  June  3,  1855, 
and  wlien  nine  year.s  old  immigrated  to  America  with  licv  jiarents,  who 
located  at  Riverside,  Iowa,  where  the  father  was  engaged  in  farming 
until  his  dealli  in  18^7;  the  mother  died  in  11)07.  They  had  seven 
children:  Stephen,  deceased;  .Anna.  Josejih,  deceased;  liarbara,  James, 
Charles,  deceased,  and  Mary.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Hensley  have  been 
born  ten  children,  the  oldest  of  whom  is  Anna  Barbara,  born  October 
17,  1879.  She  was  educated  in  the  Ashland  High  School,  and  the 
Kansas  \\'esleyan  Business  College  at  Salina.  She  was  then  emjiloyed 
as  a  stenographer  and  bookkeeper  until  1904.  Miss  Hensley  then  en- 
gaged in  the  millinery  and  ladies'  furnishing  goods  business  at  .\shland, 
in  partnership  with  her  sister,  Mary  Klizabcth.  under  the  firm  name 
of  the  Hensley  Millinery  Compaii}-.  The  Hensley  sisters  are  capable 
business  women  and  have  met  with  well  merited  success  in  their  com- 
mercial enter])risc.  The  other  children  born  to  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Hensley 
are:  Mary  Elizabeth,  born  November  6,  1881.  married  .Mbert  I,.  IMun- 
sey,  December  11,  1912;  Frank  Joseph,  born  November  6,  1883,  married 


112  UK.T.RArillCAL 

Annie  Hiiey,  Angust  lo,  191 1,  and  tliey  have  one  child.  Joseph  Hiiey, 
born  Septeml)er  26,  1912;  Dora  Ottihi,  born  February  2.  nSSs.  was  the 
first  white  child  born  in  Clark  count}',  married  Edward  lohn  .Myers, 
December  17,  1906,  and  they  ha\c  two  children,  T'^rancis  lulward,  born 
October  13,  1907,  and  Paul  Joseph,  born  September  12,  1914;  Katherine 
Antoinette  and  Andrew  Anthony,  twins,  born  May"  17.  1887;  Mar\' 
Magdalene,  born  July  29.  1890:  Ludwig  Charles,  born  September  (>. 
1893;  Paul  Jdhn.  born  December  17.  1895.  and  Edward  Albert,  born 
July  4.  1897.  The  family  are  members  of  the  Catholic  church  and 
prominent  in  Clark  count}'.  Politically  Mr.  Hensley  is  a  Democrat, 
but  has  never  had  time  nor  inclination  to  hold  public  office. 

Ira  Clemens,  president  of  the  Clemens  Coal  Company,  Pittsburg, 
Kans..  is  one  of  the  prominent  factors  in  the  development  of  the  coal  in- 
dustry of  the  southwestern  part  of  the  State.  He  began  life  in  the  coal 
business  as  a  boy.  Mr.  Clemens  is  a  native  of  Missouri,  born  in  Clay 
cotmty.  r)ctober  2-j.  1873,  and  is  a  son  of  John  II.  and  Julia  (Pollard) 
Clemens,  the  former  a  native  of  Kentucky  and  the  latter  of  Missouri. 
The  Clemens  family  came  to  Kansas  in  1882  and  located  in  Cherokee 
county,  where  the  father  worked  in  various  capacities  in  c<innection  with 
coal  mining,  and  later  became  a  contractor,  stripping  coal  and  sinking 
shafts,  and  also  did  some  railroad  construction  work.  He  retired  in 
1910.  and  now  resides  at  W'ier.  Ira  Clemens,  whose  name  introduces 
this  sketch,  attended  the  public  schools  and  his  first  work  was  at  the 
mines  near  Scammon.  When  he  was  ten  years  old  he  secured  employ- 
ment wheeling  ashes  away  from  the  engine  room  at  10  cents  per  day. 
He  later  worked  in  the  engine  room  and  received  35  cents  per  day  for 
wheeling  in  coal  and  in  a  short  time  went  to  work  down  in  the  mines 
at  30  cents  per  day.  Shortly  afterwards  he  went  to  work  with  his 
father,  who  was  then  engaged  in  contracting  and  worked  in  \aricius  capa- 
cities with  his  father,  until  1902.  with  the  exception  of  two  years  when 
he  was  employed  as  brakeman  on  the  St.  I.ouis  &  San  Francisco  rail- 
road. His  first  work,  of  an  independent  nature,  was  in  1902  when  he 
took  a  contract  of  stripping  coal  with  teams,  and  began  this  venture  by 
loading  about  2,000  tons  of  coal  per  month.  He  then  ojierated  with  a 
small  gin  shaft,  which  consisted  of  a  drum  ])ower.  operated  by  one  horse, 
and  later  he  equipped  a  small  steam  shaft  and  was  successful  from 
the  start.  About  this  time  he  began  to  bu}-  and  lease  coal  land  and 
operate  on  a  large  scale  and  his  company  now  operates  eight  mines  in 
the  coal  fields  of  Cherokee  and  Crawford  counties.  They  operate  strip 
jiit  mines,  as  well  as  the  undergrciund  nicthud  of  mining  with  shafts,  and 
are  operating  mines  on  all  the  railroads  in  that  mining  district.  Tn  con- 
nection with  their  strip  ])it  mining,  the  Clemens  Coal  Company  o])erates 
three  large  steam  shovels  that  are  in  themselves  mechanical  wonders, 
being  among  the  largest  steam  shovels  in  use.  Some  idea  of  the  scope 
and  extent  can  be  gained  of  the  Clemens  Coal   Company's  operations 


BIOGRAPHICAL  II3 

when  one  reflects  w  liat  it  means,  in  an  indnstrial  way,  in  tlic  employment 
of  from  1,000  to  1,200  men,  as  ajipears  on 'the  pay  roll  of  this  company. 
The  Clemens  Coal  Com])any  was  organized  in  1906  by  Mr.  Clemens  and 
he  is  also  interested  in  the  Mackie-Clemens  Fuel  Com|)any,  Empire  Coal 
Company  and  the  Canal  Fuel  Company.  Ira  Clemens  was  united  in 
marriai^e  January  10,  1898,  to  Miss  Julia  Ryan,  of  Cherokee  county, 
and  they  have  four  children:  Mamie,  John,  William  and  Lavan.  Mr. 
Clemens,  while  yet  a  younj:;^  man,  has  met  with  phenomenal  success  in  his 
unflertaking,  and  his  career  is  a  true  exemplification  oi  the  theory  that 
there  are  no  accidents.  Throughout  his  business  history  there  have 
been  certain  dominant  rules  of  action  governing  his  l)usiness  and  every- 
day life.  His  policy  is  strictly  square  dealing  and  he  has  established  a 
reputation  for  honesty  and  integrity  that  is  well  and  widely  known. 
Those  in  his  emjiloy  are  treated  with  fairness  and  consideration  and  he 
ha*;  had  ver\-  little  labor  trouble  of  any  account.  Mr.  Clemens  is  strictly 
temperate  in  his  habits  and  expects  the  same  rule  of  temjierance  to 
apply  to  his  employes  that  he  observes  himself,  lie  is  a  member  of 
the  Catholic  church. 

Julius  Augustus  Wayland  was,  no  doubt,  the  greatest  ])ropagandist  of 
Socialism  of  his  time.  To  the  work  of  making  others  see  what  he,  him- 
self, l)elicved.  he  gave  his  unswerxing  devotion,  and  many  laborious 
years  of  his  life,  lie  was  born  at  X'ersailles,  hid.,  .\pril  26,  1854,  of 
\'irginia  jiarentage.  His  parents  moved  to  Indiana,  from  Kentucky, 
when  they  were  yoimg.  There  were  seven  children  in  the  Wayland 
family,  four  of  whom,  and  the  father,  died  diu'ing  the  scourge  of  cholera 
that  swept  over  Indiana  in  1854.  At  the  time  of  his  death,  the  father 
was  a  well-to-do  grocer,  but  owing  to  the  mother's  lack  of  business  exjie- 
licnce,  the  administrator  dissi])ated  the  estate,  with  the  excejMion  of 
a  four-room  house,  which  was  the  only  haven  between  absolute  destitu- 
tion and  the  hel])less  family.  The  mother  sewed,  washed,  and  labored 
hard  to  keep  the  little  family  together.  J.  A.,  the  yoimgest,  a  sister 
five  \ears  of  age,  and  a  brother  ten  years  older,  constituted  the 
family.  Wayland's  first  im])ression  in  childhood  was  the  struggle  to 
live,  for  the  family  suffered- extreme  poverty,  especially  diu-ing  the  Civil 
war,  in  which  the  older  brother  enlisted.  The  straits  through  which  he 
passefl  as  a  boy,  had  much  to  do  in  forming  that  comprehension  of  life 
and  its  jiroblems,  which  shaped  his  career  in  later  life,  lie  attended  the 
village  school,  but  when  old  enough  to  do  chores,  lost  much  time  in 
the  effort  to  earn  a  few  cents,  to  keep  the  wolf  from  the  door.  His 
total  school  days  were  less  than  two  years,  and  this  time  was  chielly 
de\()tcd  to  the  three  R's.  He  did  odd  jobs  around  the  town  of  Ver- 
sailles, and  finally  secured  a  position  in  a  printing  office.  This  was  the 
beginning  of  his  remarkable  joiunalistic  career.  This  was  in  the  office 
of  the  \'ersailles  "Ciazette,"  at  a  salary  of  two  dollars  jier  week,  .\fter 
six  months  his  salary  had  been  gradually  ad\anced  to  nine  dollars  i)er 


114  BIOGRAPHICAL 

week,  but  at  this  time  he  was  discharged  for  trying  to  collect  it.  He 
worked  in  various  places  as  a  printer,  and,  February  6.  1873.  bought 
the  "Gazette."  and  changed  its  name  to  the  "Ripley  Index."  After 
conducting-  this  paper  about  four  years,  he  disposed  of  it.  and  in  Xovem- 
ber.  1877,  went  to  Harrison\ille.  AIo..  and  bought  an  interest  in  the  Har- 
risonville  "Register,"  and  shortly  afterwards  sold  his  interest  in  that 
paper,  and  began  the  publication  of  the  Cass  "News."  About  that  time 
he  was  appointed  postmaster  by  President  Hayes,  but  resigned  the  office 
after  several  months,  sold  the  "Xews,"  and  returned  to  Indiana,  and 
bought  back  the  old  newspaper  which  he  had  previously  published.  He 
conducted  this  about  a  year  when  he  disposed  of  it,  and  in  the  spring 
of  1882  went  to  Pueblo,  Colo.,  and  started  a  weekly  newspaper.  He 
added  a  job  printing  department,  and  was  soon  doing  a  thriving  business, 
and  prospered.  He  also  invested  extensively  in  Pueblo  real  estate, 
which  was  a  profitable  business  during  the  boom  time  of  Pueblo.  He 
forsaw  the  panic  of  1893  ^'i"^'  proceeded  to  dispose  of  his  real  estate 
holdings,  and  quit  Pueblo  with  approximately  $80,000,  in  gold  and  gov- 
ernment bonds.  In  1893,  he  returned  to  Indiana  locating  at  Greensburg, 
where  he  founded  the  "Coming  Nation."  He  successfully  conducted 
this  paper  for  about  a  year  and  met  with  remarkable  success,  and  in 
1894  the  Ruskin  colony  was  organized,  near  Tennessee  City,  Tenn.,  and 
the  "Coming  Nation"  was  moved  to  the  colony  quarters,  where  it  was 
published  as  a  part  of  the  business  of  the  colony.  This  venture  proved 
a  failure,  and  on  July  22,  1895.  ^^^-  ^^'ayland  withdrew  from  that  organ- 
ization, Avith  considerable  financial  loss.  Pie  then  went  to  Kansas  City. 
Mo.,  where  on  .\ugust  31.  1895.  he  published  the  first  edition  of  the 
"Appeal  to  Reason,"  and  in  1897  moved  his  plant  to  Girard.  Kans.,  and 
on  February  6th  of  that  year,  the  first  edition  of  the  "Appeal"  was 
published  at  Girard  which  has  since  been  its  home.  The  story  of  the 
progress  and  vast  circulation,  and  far-reaching  influence  of  this  paper  is 
so  well  known  that  a  detailed  review  of  it  here  would  be  superfluous. 
While  Mr.  \\'ayland  was  primarily  a  newspaper  man,  and  his  great  suc- 
cess in  life  is  attributed  to  that  field  of  endeavor,  he  was  also  the  mov- 
ing spirit  in  many  other  commercial  enterprises,  and  showed  unusual 
business  ability  in  various  projects.  He  did  many  things  to  promote 
the  welfare  and  development  of  Girard,  after  locating  there.  He  was 
one  of  the  organizers,  and  a  strong  financial  backer  of  the  Girard  Coal 
Belt  Railway,  and  was  a  member  of  the  board  of  directors  of  tiiat  com- 
pany. He  organized  the  Girard  Mutual  Telephone  Company,  which  af- 
forded, perhaps,  the  cheapest  telephone  service  in  the  state.  He  was 
also  a  strong  factor  in  giving  Girard  a  municipal  light  plant.  He  was  a 
member  of  the  Girard  Commercial  Club,  and  at  all  times  favored  local 
public  improvements,  and  often  contributed  his  own  funds  for  the 
furtherance  of  public  improvements.  Besides  owning  considerable 
property  in  Girard.  Mr.  ^^'ayland  invested  heavily  in   city   property  at 


BIOGRAPHICAL  II5 

Amarillo.  Texas,  and  was  a  very  wealthy  man  at  the  time  of  his  death, 
which  occurred  November  lo.  1912,  and  since  tliat  time  his  sons,  Jon 
G.  and  A\'alter  ?I.,  have  continued  the  management  of  the  large  interests 
of  the  estate  in  a  way  that  reflect  great  credit  on  them.  Mr.  \\'a\lan(l 
was  united  in  marriage  in  1877  to  Miss  Etta  licvan  of  Osgood,  Ind. 
She  died  October  5.  1898,  leaving  five  children,  as  follows:  Jon  G., 
real  estate  and  insurance,  Girard,  Kans. ;  Olive  ?>.,  married  Amadee 
Soudry  and  is  now  deceased;  Walter  II..  publisher  of  the  ".Appeal  to 
Reason,"-  Girard.  Kans.;  Julia  R.  and  Edith  M.  both  reside  at  Girard, 
Kans.  Walter  H.  W'ayland.  publisher  of  the  "Appeal  to  Reason,"  was 
born  at  Pueblo,  Colo.,  February  12,  1884.  He  received  his  education 
in  the  public  schools  of  Girard,  the  University  of  Michigan,  Ann  Arbor, 
Mich.,  and  the  University  of  Indiana,  Bloomington.  Ind.^  He  had  been 
associated  with  his  father  during  the  lifetime  of  the  latter  in  connec- 
tion with  the  "Appeal"  and  in  July,  1914,  became  the  publisher  of  that 
paper.  He  was  united  in  marriage  October  9,  1908.  to  Miss  Edna  M. 
Little  of  Girard,  Kans.  Mr.  W'ayland  is  a  cajiable  young  man  and 
possesses  the  natural  executive  qualifications  which  go  to  make  a  suc- 
cessful career. 

Daniel  Snyder,  a  Kansas  pioneer  and  Civil  war  veteran,  w'ho  has 
been  a  cons])icuous  figure  in  public  life  in  Clark  county  for  a  number 
of  years,  is  a  native  of  the  lUickeye  Slate.  He  was  born  at  lUicyru-^, 
Ohio,  December  20,  1838,  a  son  of  John  and  Mary  Ann  Catherine  ( Eeir- 
ing)  Schneider  (the  spelling  of  the  name  having  been  changed  to  Snyder 
in  recent  years),  both  natives  of  Prussia,  the  former  born  in  1808.  and 
the  latter  in  1806.  The  parents  of  Daniel  Snyder  immigrated  to  .America 
in  1834,  and  located  at  P>ucyrus,  where  the  father  was  a  contractor  and 
builder  until  1864.  when  they  removed  to  Olney.  111.,  and  two  years 
later  returned  \(>  liucyrus,  Ohio,  where  the  father  spent  the  remainder 
of  his  life  in  retirement.  He  died  in  1874  and  his  wife  de])artcd  this  life 
at  Houston,  Texas,  in  1898.  They  were  the  parents  of  six  children,  as 
follows :  Catherine,  deceased ;  Louisa,  deceased ;  a  son,  who  died  in 
infancy;  Daniel,  the  subject  of  this  sketch;  Mary  and  John  Emanuel. 
Daniel  Snvder  spent  his  boyhood  days  in  I'ucyrus,  Ohio,  and  attended 
the  public  schools.  In  early  life  he  learned  the  carpenter's  trade  with 
his  father,  and  followed  that  vocation  until  1886.  He  then  came  to 
Kansas,  locating  on  government  land  in  Liberty  township,  Clark 
coimty,  and  was  an  early  settler  of  that  section.  He  experienced  the  many 
hardships  and  discouragements  common  to  the  lot  of  the  early  settlers 
on  the  plains,  and  for  the  first  three  years  in  Clark  county,  lived  in  a 
dugout,  but  finally  after  years  of  persistence  and  hard  work,  things 
began  to  come  his  way,  and  he  has  prospered  and  is  one  of  the  success- 
ful farmers  and  stock  raisers  of  the  county.  Mr.  Snyder  has  taken  an 
active  part  in  j)ublic  affairs  since  coming  to  Clark  coimty.  In  1892 
he  was  elected  register  of  deeds  of  Clark  count)'  on  the  E.inncr-^   \IIi,iiu-e 


Il6  BIOGRAPHICAL 

ticket,  and  in  1894  was  re-elected  on  the  Democratic  ticket.  In  1898 
he  received  the  Democratic  nomination  for  probate  judge  of  Clark  county, 
and  was  elected  by  a  satisfactory  majority  and  re-elected  to  that  office 
in  1900.  When  the  Civil  war  broke  out,  Mr.  Snyder  enlisted  in  Com- 
pany C,  Forty-ninth  regiment,  Ohio  infantry,  and  ser\ed  three  vears. 
He  participated  in  manj-  important  engagements,  including  the  battles  of 
Chickamauga  and  Missionary  Ridge.  He  was  never  wounded,  nor 
in  a  hospital.  Mr.  Snyder  was  united  in  marriage  Xovember  29.  i860, 
at  I'lucyrus,  Ohio,  to  iliss  Lettie  M.  Kester,  a  native  of  Shavers  Creek. 
Pennsylvania,  her  parents  being  natives  of  that  state.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Snyder  have  been  born  four  children,  as  follows :  Raymond,  born  Jan- 
uary 24,  1862,  died  in  1865;  Edgar,  born  in  1866,  died  in  1870;  ^\'illiam 
Kester,  born  in  1868  and  Alice,  born  in  1870,  married  to  J.  G.  Skelton. 
^Ir.  Snyder  is  a  member  of  the  ^Masonic  lodge,  the  Independent  Order 
of  Odd  Fellows,  and  he  and  family  are  members  of  the  Methodist  Epis- 
copal church. 

Emery  Howard  McKown,  county  treasurer  of  Clark  county,  is  a 
native  of  Missouri.  He  was  born  on  a  farm  in  Dallas  county.  October 
30.  1870.  and  is  a  son  of  Alexander  and  Elizabeth  (Barkhurst)  McKown. 
The  father  was  a  native  of  New  York,  born  July  27,  1832,  of  Irish  par- 
ents, who  immigrated  to  .America,  in  1830.  Alexander  ilcKown  worked 
at  blacksmithing  in  early  life  and  later  removed  to  Ohio  and  from  there 
to  Iowa,  following  farming.  From  Iowa  he  removed  to  Ohio  and  later 
to  Dallas  county.  Missouri,  in  1869  and  came  to  Kansas  in  1880,  settling 
in  Cowley  coimty  and  bought  land,  fifteen  miles  north  of  Winfield. 
where  he  remained  four  years.  When  Clark  county  began  to  settle  up 
in  1884.  he  took  up  government  land  in  that  county,  adjoining  the  pres- 
ent town  of  Ashland.  This  was  about  a  year  before  Clark  county  was 
organized.  He  was  a  Republican  but  never  cared  to  hold  political 
office.  However,  he  took  an  active  part  in  the  organization  of  the  county 
and  was  active  in  every  movement  tending  to  the  upbuilding  of  the  new 
country.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church,  and 
one  of  the  substantial  pioneers  of  Clark  county.  He  died  January  20. 
1896.  His  wife.  Elizabeth  Barkhurst.  was  a  native  of  Coshocton  county, 
Ohio,  born  July  20,  1838,  and  died  Xovember  27,  1895.  They  were  the 
parents  of  ten  children,  as  follows :  The  first  born,  a  daughter,  died  in 
infancy;  Elizabeth  Ann.  James  Francis.  Robert  Allen.  John  Hamilton. 
Matilda  Jane.  Elmer  Grant.  Mary  Melissa.  William  Sherman  and  Emery 
Howard.  Emery  Howard  McKown  received  his  education  in  the  pub- 
lic schools  of  Cowley  and  Clark  counties  and  graduated  from  the  Ash- 
land High  School  in  the  class  of  1889.  He  then  taught  school  in  Clark 
county  for  four  years,  and  in  1895  was  elected  county  clerk  of  Clark 
county,  and  in  1897  re-elected  to  that  office,  serving  two  terms.  He 
then  engaged  in  the  mercantile  business  at  Ashland  until  1912,  when  he 
was   elected   countv  treasurer  of   Clark   countv   and   re-elected   to   that 


BIOGRAPHICAL 


"7 


office  in  1914,  and  is  now  capably  filling  that  responsible  office,  ilr. 
McKown  was  married  at  Ashland,  Kans.,  July  2,  1893,  to  Miss  Martha 
Isabelle,  daughter  of  Isaac  B.  and  Mary  Ann  (Cogginsj  Lawhan.  the 
former  a  native  of  Tennessee  and  the  latter  of  Mississijjpi.  They  settled 
in  Doniphan  county.  Kansas,  at  a  very  early  day,  where  Mrs.  McKown 
was  born.  May  8,  1876.  The  Lawhan  family  removed  from  D(Miiphan 
to  Clark  county  in  1884.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  McKown  liave  been  born 
seven  children,  the  first  born  being  a  daughter  who  died  in  infancy,  and 
the  others  are  as  follows:  Francis  Hugh,  Ixirn  IJccember  13,  1898; 
Olive  I'ay,  born  October  5,  1900;  Isaac  iVlerritt,  born  February  2,  1903; 
Mary  Thelma,  born  May  n,  1905;  Emery  Howard.  Jr.,  Ixirn  January 
18.  1907,  and  Martha,  born  March  10,  1912.  Mr.  and  Mrs,  McKown  are 
members  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church,  and  he  is  a  member  of  the 
Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows,  and  the  Modern  Woodmen  of 
America.  Politically  he  is  a  Democrat  and  takes  a  luoniiuLiit  jiart  in 
the  political  affairs  of  Comanche  count\ . 

J.  D.  Turkington,  sheriff  of  Crawford  county,  is  pcrha])s  the  best 
known  puljlic  ollicer  in  southeastern  Kansas.  Sheriff  Turkington  is  a 
native  of  Ohio,  born  in  Greene  county,  March  21,  1862.  He  is  a  son 
of  John  and  l-'liza  (McCreary)  Turkington,  both  natives  of  Ireland  and 
Kansas  pioneers.  The  Turkington  family  settled  in  Crawford  county, 
Kansas,  near  where  the  town  of  Monmouth  now  stands,  in  1866,  and 
were  among  the  first  settlers  in  that  section.  Here  the  father  bought 
railroad  land  and  engaged  in  farming,  lie  became  an  extensive  land 
owner  and  was  very  successful.  He  is  now  deceased  and  iiis  wife, 
the  mother  of  Sheriff  Turkington,  resides  at  Cherokee.  Kans.  J.  D. 
Turkington  was  one  of  a  family  of  ten  children,  seven  of  wiiom  are  now 
living.  He  was  only  four  years  old  when  his  parents  settled  in  Kansas. 
He  received  his  education  in  the  public  schools  and  began  life  as  a 
farmer  and  stock  raiser.  He  later  drifted  into  the  cattle  business  and 
sot)n  became  one  of  the  most  extensive  cattle  dealers  in  that  section  of 
the  country,  with  headquarters  at  McCune.  For  a  number  of  years 
he  Iiandlcd  as  liigh  as  a  quarter  million  dollars'  worth  of  cattle  an- 
nually, vvliich  he  sliipped  to  Kansas  City  and  other  markets.  In  tlie 
fall  of  1912  he  was  elected  sheriff  of  Crawford  county,  assuming. the  office 
January  13,  1913.  The  large  industrial  development  which  has  taken 
place  in  Crawford  county  in  recent  years,  and  the  many  unusu;il  con- 
ditions which  have  develo])ed  from  that  fact,  all  tend  to  make  the  office 
of  sJieriff  one  wliicii  eml)races  many  duties  of  difficult  detail.  There 
are  many  mining  camjjs  that  sjjrang  up,  as  it  were,  o\er  night  and  these 
usually  have  no  regular  peace  officers,  and  the  duty  of  law  enforcement 
of  every  form  devolves  ujion  the  sheriff  of  the  county,  so  tlic  position 
of  the  sheriff  of  Crawford  county  in  many  ways  is  similar  to  that  of 
the  sheriff  of  the  early  days  in  the  West.  Rut  Sheriff  Turkington  did 
his  duty  so  thoroughly  and  well,  without  fear  or  favor,  during  bis  first 


Il8  BIOGRAPHICAL 

term  in  office  that  in  the  fall  of  1914  he  was  re-elected  bv  a  very  satis- 
factory majority.  He  is  a  man  who  takes  special  pride  in  doing  any- 
thing well  which  he  undertakes,  and  the  electors  of  Crawford  county 
have  made  no  mistake  in  their  selection.  Mr.  Turkington  was  united  in 
marriage,  May  18,  1891,  to  Miss  Ida  Brown,  of  Monmouth,  Kans.  She 
was  born  near  Springfield,  111.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Turkington  have  been 
born  two  children:  Eva,  a  teacher,  and  Frank,  attending  school. 
Sheriff  Turkington  is  a  Socialist,  and  his  fraternal  affiliations  are  with 
the  Modern  Woodmen  of  America,  Sons  and  Daughters  of  Justice  and 
the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows.  He  belongs  to  the  Anti- 
Horse  Thief's  Association. 

Bertrand  Delman  Messing,  a  Kansas  pioneer,  who  has  spent  nearly  a 
half  century  in  the  Sunflower  state,  is  a  native  of  Pennsylvania.  He 
was  born  in  Bradford  county,  Pennsylvania,  February  17,  1866,  and  is 
a  son  of  Delman  and  Viola  Gertrude  (Allen)  ]\Iessing.  The  father  was 
born  in  Germany,  January  15,  1841,  and  immigrated  to  America  with  his 
parents,  when  he  was  thirteen  years  of  age.  They  located  in  Bradford 
county,  Pennsylvania,  where  the  parents  spent  the  remainder  of  their 
lives.  They  were  the  parents  of  six  children :  Delman.  Andrew,  Mar- 
garet, William,  John,  and  Frederick,  all  deceased  except  Margaret  and 
John.  Viola  Gertrude  Allen,  the  wife  of  Delman  Messing,  was  born  in 
Bradford  county,  Pennsylvania,  April  13,  1845.  She  was  a  daughter 
of  Warren  and  Mary  Allen,  natives  of  Pennsylvania.  To  Delman  and 
Viola  Gertrude  (Allen)  Messing  were  born  four  children,  as  follows : 
'Warren,  born  October  10,  1863,  married  Ora  Pedrick  in  1895,  and  died 
March  20,  1904;  Bertrand  Delman,  the  subject  of  this  sketch;  Maggie, 
born  October  19,  1871,  died  August  20,  1873,  and  Edith,  liorn  Jan- 
uary 29,  1874,  married  Jesse  A.  Kinman,  in  1894,  and  they  have  three 
children,  Gertrude,  Roy  and  Katherine.  Delman  Messing  left  his 
Pennsylvania  home  in  1868  and  took  up  his  journey  for  the  West,  lie 
finally  located  on  government  land  in  Chase  county,  Kansas,  and  in  that 
early  day  proceeded  to  make  a  home  for  his  family  on  the  frontier  plains 
of  the  then  far  west.  He  engaged  in  the  cattle  business  and  also  fol- 
lowed farming  in  which  he  was  very  successfttl.  He  died  in  Chase 
county,  in  1876.  Bertrand  Delman  Messing  was  only  two  years  old 
when  the  family  located  in  Chase  coimtj-,  Kansas.  Therefore,  his 
earliest  childhood  recollections  are  of  the  broad,  unbroken  plains  of  Kan- 
sas. That  was  a  time  when  it  was  said  of  Kansas  that  one  could  see 
farther  and  see  less  than  in  any  other  place  on  earth,  but  Mr.  Messing 
has  lived  to  see  all  this  changed  and  is  still  a  young  man.  Young 
Messing  grew  to  manhood  and  attended  the  public  schools  in  Chase 
county  and  in  1884  he  went  to  Clark  county  and  in  partnership  with  his 
brother,  W'arren,  bought  15,000  acres  of  land  in  Bluff  creek  valley  in 
the  northeastern  part  of  the  county.  He  engaged  in  the  cattle 
business  on  an  extensive  scale  and  prospered,  becoming  one  of  the  larg- 


BIOGRAPHICAL  Hg 

est  cattle  men  in  the  county.  Warren  died  in  1904  and  Bertrand  Delman 
continued  to  operate  the  Messing-  cattle  ranch  until  1908  when  he  dis- 
posed of  it  and  retired,  lie  now  resides  at  Ashland  and  is  living  re- 
tired. Mr.  Messing  is  a  Republican  and  takes  an  active  part  in  jiublic 
affairs  of  his  town  and  county.  lie  has  been  a  member  of  the  board 
of  county  commissioners  of  Clark  county  since  1908,  and  is  one  of  the 
influential  citizens  of  Clark  county.  Mr.  Messing  was  married  Jan- 
uar\-  8,  1893,  at  Ashland,  Kans.,  to  Miss  Minnie  M.,  daughter  of  Charles 
W.  and  Lydia  (Wilson)  Raymond.  Mrs.  Messing  is  a  native  of  Craw- 
ford county,  Kansas,  born  September  26,  1871.  ller  father  is  a  native 
of  Illinois,  born  July  21,  1840,  and  came  to  Kansas  with  his  parents, 
who  located  on  government  land  in  Crawford  county  at  an  early  day 
in  the  settlement  of  that  section  of  the  state.  In  1885  he  went  to 
Clark  county  and  is  now  engaged  in  business  at  Bucklin,  Kans.  Charles 
\V.  and  Lydia  (A\'ilson)  Raymond  were  the  parents  of  two  children: 
Minnie,  now  Mrs.  Messing,  and  Etta  May,  who  died  at  the  age  of 
eight.  The  mother  died  in  1875  and  the  father  married  Harriet  Hoover 
and  to  this  union  were  born  five  children:  William,  Jose,  Sallie,  Frances 
and  Robbie.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Messing  have  been  born  three  children: 
Alma  \'iola,  born  January  15,  1897,  a  graduate  of  the  .Ashland  High 
School ;  Raymond  Bertrand.  l)orn  January  28,  1899,  and  Warren  Charles, 
born  Xiiveml)er  8,  190^^ 

William  Pearley  Sanders,  sheriff  of  (.'omanche  count}-,  who  for  years 
has  been  a  successful  farmer  and  stockman  of  southern  Kansas,  is  a 
native  of  the  Buckeye  stale.  He  was  born  in  Perry  county,  Ohio,  March 
15,  1869.  and  is  a  son  of  Camm  Thomas  and  Mary  Ellen  (Immel) 
Sanders,  natives  of  Ohio.  Camm  Thomas  Sanders  was  I)orn  in  Perry 
county,  a  son  of  Benjan-iin  and  Ejjsey  (Battinj  Sanders,  the  former  a 
native  of  Georgia  and  the  latter  of  Ohio.  Camm  T.  Sanders  remained 
in  liis  native  state  until  1885,  when  he  came  west  with  his  family,  lo- 
cating in  Marion  county,  Kansas,  where  he  now  resides.  He  is  a 
veteran  of  the  Civil  war.  iiaving  served  as  a  private  in  Comjiany  B, 
Tenth  regiment,  Ohio  cavalry.  He  served  three  years,  and  was  with 
General  Sherman  on  his  march  to  the  sea  and  i)articii)aied  in  most  of 
the  engagements  incident  to  that  great  military  expedition.  He  has 
been  a  lifelong  Repul)lican  and  is  a  member  of  the  Grand  .\rmy  of  the 
Republic.  He  was  married  to  Miss  Mary  E.  Immel,  November  22,  1865. 
She  was  Ijorn  in  CJliio,  I""ebruary  10,  1846,  and  died  at  Poabody.  Kans.. 
August  22.  1906.  She  was  intensely  religious  and  a  liigli  t>l>e  of  Amer- 
ican womanhood.  They  were  the  i)arenls  of  eleven  cliildren.  all  of 
whom  are  living:  Benjamin  l-Vanklin,  born  March  9,  1867;  William 
Pearley,  subject  of  this  sketch;  Emma  Belle,  born  December  30,  1870, 
married  J.  A.  Sowers;  Charles,  born  February  20,  1872;  Bartlett.  born 
May  20,  1874;  Harley  D..  born  May  20.  1876;  .Sarah  Effie.  born  May 
20,    1878,   married   Clement   .Smith ;  Ollie   .Susan,   born    .\ugust   7.    1880, 


120  BIOGRAPHICAL 

married  Jesse  J.  Edmonston ;  Josie  Viola,  born  January  6,  1885,  married 
Arthur  Shriver;  Lawrence,  born  March  13.  iHSj.  and  Leota,  born  Octo- 
ber 20,  1889,  married  llarvey  W'ehry.  Sheriff  Sanders  was  educated 
in  the  ptiblic  schools  of  Perry  county,  Ohio,  and  came  to  Marion  county, 
Kansas,  with  his  parents  in  1885,  and  in  1901  located  in  Comanche 
ci^iunty,  and  bought  a  farm  in  Kiowa  creek  valley,  which  is  now  one  of 
the  Ijest  improved  farms  in  the  county.  He  is  extensively  engaged  in 
raising  horses,  cattle,  swine  and  sheep  and  produces  large  quantities  of 
alfalfa,  wheat  and  corn.  Mr.  Sanders  is  a  Republican,  and  since  coming 
to  Comanche  county  has  taken  an  active  part  in  local  politics.  In 
1914,  he  was  nominated  for  sheriff,  and  elected  November  3d,  and  is 
now  capably  filling  that  office.  He  was  united  in  marriage  Novemljer 
26,  1892.  to  Miss  Florence  Weldy,  daughter  of  Samuel  P.  and  Jennie 
G.  (Dugan)  Roberts  of  Perry  coimty,  Ohio,  where  Mrs.  Sanders  was 
born  December  16,  1874.  Her  father  was  a  native  of  England,  l^orn 
October  31,  1832,  died  December  15,  1912.  Her  mother  was  born  in 
New  York,  December  13,  1837.  They  were  the  parents  of  seven 
children,  as  follows:  Mary  Jane,  born  September  10,  1859;  Elmer 
Anderson,  born  May  25,  1861,  died  May  24,  1S63 ;  Lucy  Van  Lora,  born 
October  13,  1863,  died  February  27,  1866;  Mertie  Leona,  born  August 
23,  1868;  Samuel  Edw^ard,  born  March  3,  1871 ;  Forest  Wilbert,  I)orn 
December  16,  1874,  and  Florence  Weldy,  born  December  16,  1874,  twins. 
To  Mr.  and  Airs.  Sanders  have  been  born  five  children,  as  follows: 
Georgiana  Doris,  born  July  8,  1894,  married  Arthur  11.  Schrock,  Xovem- 
ber  10,  191 1,  and  they  have  tw'o  children,  Dorothy  Lavonne  and  Leona 
E. ;  Clemmie  Clifford,  Ijorn  June  19,  1896;  Forest  Dewey,  l)orn  August 
29,  1898;  Audrey  May,  born  May  15,  1903,  and  Zelma  Leis,  born  June 
23.  1905.  Mr.  Sanders  is  a  Mason,  and  well  and  favorably  knnwn 
throughout  southwestern  Kansas. 

Jacob  Kurz,  a  prominent  farmer  and  well  known  cattleman  of 
Comanche  county,  residing  near  Mayo,  Kans.,  is  a  native  of  Wisconsin. 
He  was  born  on  a  farm  in  Brown  county,  November  2,  1S62,  and  is  a 
son  of  Peter  P.  and  Katherine  (Bibelhousen)  Kurz,  natives  of  Germany. 
The  father  was  born  November  2,  1820,  and  at  the  age  of  thirty-two 
vears  immigrated  to  America  from  the  fatherland  and  first  located  al 
Milwaukee,  Wis.,  where  he  was  employed  as  a  butcher  for  two  years. 
He  then  took  up  government  land  in  Brown  coimty,  where  he  followed 
farming  successfully  and  prospered  to  the  time  of  his  death,  which  oc- 
curred in  Octoljer,  1898.  His  wife  was  born  in  (lermany  in  1833.  and 
came  to  America  with  her  parents  wlien  she  was  a  child  of  eight  years. 
Peter  P.  and  Katherine  (Bibelhousen)  Kurz  were  the  parents  of  ten 
children,  as  follows:  Philip,  Joseph,  John,  Katherine  (deceased),  Jacob, 
the  subject  of  this  sketch,  Frona,  Antone,  Peter,  Josephine,  Henry  and 
\'incencc.  Jacob  Kurz  s])ent  his  boyhood  da\s  on  his  father's  farm  in 
Wisconsin  and  attended  the  public  schools.     In  1885  he  came  to  Kansas, 


BIOGRAPHICAL  121 

locating  on  government  land  in  Rumsey  township,  Comanche  county. 
His  was  the  lot  CDnimon  tn  tlie  pioneer  uf  western  Kansas  in  Ihose  eaiiv 
days ;  he  endured  the  hardships  of  primitive  life  on  the  plains,  and  for 
the  first  five  years  in  Comanche  county  lived  in  a  dugout.  Crop  failures 
and  droughts  overthrew  his  efforts,  one  after  another,  but  he  persisted, 
and  by  industry  and  sticktoitiveness  finally  began  to  win.  and 
as  prosperity  came  he  added  to  his  original  holdings  and  now  owns 
5.400  acres  of  land,  and  is  one  of  the  I)ig  cattle  men  of  the  -Southwest  an<l 
one  of  the  wealthy  men  of  his  community.  He  makes  a  specialty  of  rais- 
ing Hereford  cattle  and  raises  lots  of  them.  He  has  one  of  the  finest 
herds  in' the  county.  Mr.  Kurz  is  a  Democrat  and  lias  held  various  local 
offices  of  trust  and  responsibility,  but  has  never  aspired  to  political  fame. 
He  was  united  in  marriage  November  2,  1892,  in  Comanche  coimty.  to 
Miss  Rosa  Deubler,  a  native  of  Warsaw,  111.,  born  March  20,  1874.  To 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Kurz  have  been  Ijorn  six  children,  as  follows:  Clara,  born 
August  b,  1894,  died  July  21,  1907;  Maljcl,  born  June  5,  1896;  Charles 
Jacob,  born  January  18,  1900,  died  July  21,  1907;  Rosa,  born  July  16, 
1904;  the  fifth  child,  a  daughter,  died  in  infancy,  and  Ethel,  the  youngest, 
was  born  May  10,  1913.  One  of  the  great  bereavements  of  this  life  en- 
tered the  Kurz  family  in  the  tragic  death  of  their  two  children,  Clara 
and  Charles.  They  were  lost  in  the  wreck  of  the  Steamship  "Columbia," 
which  went  down  off  the  Pacific  coast,  July  21,  1907,  while  on  a  voyage 
from  San  Francisco,  Calif,  to  Portland,  Ore.,  in  which  one  hundred  pas- 
sengers perisjied.  Mr.  Kurz  was  a  ])assengcr  on  tlie  ill-fated  \essel.  but 
fortunately,  numbered  among  the  survivors.  The  bodies  of  the  children 
were  never  recovered. 

Sidney  A.  DeLair,  Coldwater.  Kans, — To  Sidney  A.  Dclair  belongs 
the  credit  of  being  ])ro])rietor  of  one  of  the  largest  and  best  equipped 
stock  ranches  in  the  state  of  Kansas.  The  "Ideal  Stock  Ranch,"  con- 
sisting of  5,900  acres,  is  located  fourteen  miles  southeast  of  Coldwatei 
It  is  a  model  in  every  detail  and  every  convenience  for  handling  cattle 
on  a  large  scale  is  provided;  tlie  l)uildings  are  modern  and  inchulc  a 
large  modern  ranch  residence.  The  place  is  supplied  with  water  works 
and  electric  liglit  i)lant,  and  every  convenience  usually  found  in  a  modern 
city  is  here  duplicated.  Mr.  DeLair  is  a  native  of  Canada,  born  May 
10,  1864,  and  is  a  son  of  Silas  S.  and  .\lmira  (Thayer)  DeLair,  both  also 
natives  of  Canada.  The  father  was  born  in  1839  and  the  mother  in 
1846.  They  were  married  April  29,  1863,  and  in  1870  the  family  came 
to  Kansas,  locating  in  Harvey  county.  Here  the  father  took  up  govern- 
ment land  and  remained  about  two  years  when  he  removed  to  Platte 
coimty,  Missouri.  However,  lie  remained  there  but  a  short  time,  when 
he  returned  to  Kansas,  locating  this  time  in  Sedgwick  county,  where 
he  followed  farming  six  years  and  in  1886  located  in  Comanche  county, 
wiiere  he  also  followed  farming  until  1893,  when  he  went  to  Sumac, 
Wash.,  making   his  home   there   until   his   death,   which   occurred    Feb- 


122  BIOGRAPHICAL 

ruary  22.  191 3.  His  wife  died  March  20,  1902.  They  were  the  par- 
ents of  eight  children.  Sidney  A.,  whose  name  introduces  this  sketch, 
being  the  oldest.  The  others,  in  order  of  birth,  are  as  follows :  IMaud 
M..  born  June  20,  1866;  Elsie  G.,  born  June  18,  1869;  Musa  M.,  born 
November  12,  i8'76,  died  November  24,  1880;  Edith  V..  born  October 
24,  1882 ;  Thomas  J.,  born  May  26,  1885 ;  Ida  E.,  born  February  25, 
1888.  and  Leslie  Paul,  born  April  16,  1890.  Sidney  A.  DeLair  was 
united  in  marriage  April  14.  1892.  in  Comanche  county,  Kansas,  to  Miss 
Grace  Fretz,  a  native  of  Denton  County,  Iowa,  born  December  2;^.  1872. 
She  is  a  daughter  of  Henrj-  and  Julia  F.  (Agnew)  Fretz,  the  former  a 
native  of  Pennsylvania,  born  December  13,  1829,  and  died  in  Comanche 
county,  Kansas,  November  11,  1900.  and  the  mother  was  a  native  of 
Peoria,  111.,  born  July  7,  1844.  They  were  married  April  26.  1868,  in 
Illinois,  and  to  this  union  two  children  were  born :  Alta,  now  the  wife 
of  Cyrus  Shimer.  Watervliet.  Mich.,  and  Grace,  the  wife  of  Sidney 
A.  DeLair.  To  Mr.  and  ]Mrs.  DeLair  have  been  born  four  children : 
Wayne  Ambrose,  born  December  14,  1893 ;  Henry  Roy,  born  September 
7,  1895;  Ralph  Emerson,  born  November  4.  1897,  and  Myrtle  Jewel,  born 
November  2,  1899.  The  family  are  members  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal 
church  and  Mr.  DeLair  is  a  member  of  the  Masonic  Lodge.  Mr.  DeLair 
is  one  of  the  leading  citizens  of  Comanche  county,  and  takes  a  deep  in- 
terest in  all  matters  touching  the  welfare  of  his  community  and  state. 
He  served  four  years  on  the  board  of  county  commissioners  of  Comanche 
county,  but  his  vast  private  interests  have  so  engrossed  his  time  that 
he  has  thus  far  been  imable  to  devote  any  great  amount  of  his  time  to 
politics. 

Perry  A.  Johnston.  Coldwater.  Kans..  is  a  pioneer  settler  of  Comanche 
county,  and  one  of  the  extensive  men  of  affairs  of  that  section.  Mr. 
Johnston  is  a  native  of  Ohio,  born  in  Trumbull  county,  October  25,  1862, 
a  son  of  Thomas  and  Mary  ( Whaley)  Johnston.  The  parents  were  also 
natives  of  Ohio,  the  father  being  born  in  1832  and  followed  farming 
in  Ohio,  where  he  died  in  1902.  His  wife  was  born  in  1843  ^"d  now  re- 
sides at  Seattle,  Wash.  They  were  the  parents  of  nine  children,  as 
follows:  George,  (deceased);  Perry  A.,  the  subject  of  this  sketch; 
Lizzie  M.,  unmarried,  resides  in  Cleveland.  Ohio ;  Mary,  widow  of  George 
Stewart,  resides  in  Seattle,  Wash.;  Frank  W'.,  a  farmer  and  stockman 
in  Trumbull  county.  Ohio;  Thomas  A\..  farmer  in  Trumbull  county, 
Ohio;  llattie,  married  Louis  Selover,  Seattle,  Wash.;  William.  Redlands, 
Calif.,  and  Ella,  unmarried,  resides  with  her  mother  in  Seattle,  W'ash. 
Perry  A.  Johnston  received  his  education  in  the  public  schools  of  Trum- 
bull county,  Ohio,  and  after  teaching  a  few  years  in  his  native  state 
came  to  Comanche  county.  Kansas,  in  1884.  He  settled  on  government 
land  and  engaged  in  the  feed  business  at  Coldwater.  opening  the  first 
feed  store  in  that  town.  Since  coming  to  Coldwater,  he  has  been 
actively   identified   with   the   business   development   of   that   town   and 


BIOGRAPHICAL  1 23 

Comanche  county.  He  conducted  a  hardware  store  for  a  time  in  Cold- 
water  and  also  a  lumber  yard  and  bought  and  sold  grain  extensively  for 
a  number  of  years,  and  still  owns  a  grain  elevator  at  Coldwater.  He 
owns  a  well  improved  ranch  of  6,000  acres,  located  three  miles  west  of 
Coldwater,  where  he  is  an  extensive  breeder  of  blooded  horses,  registered 
short  horned  cattle  and  blooded  swine.  He  raises  wheat  and  alfalfa  on  a 
large  scale,  and  since  coming  to  Kansas  success  has  crowned  his  well 
directed  efforts.  He  owns  property  in  Coldwater  and  in  Wichita  and  is 
one  of  the  largest  individual  tax  payers  in  Comanche  county.  He  is  a 
staunch  advocate  of  the  policies  and  ])rinciples  of  the  Democratic  partv 
but  has  never  sought  political  preferment,  preferring  to  devote  his  entire 
time  and  energy  to  his  private  business.  Mr.  Johnston  was  united  in 
marriage  in  1890  at  Protection,  Kans.,  to  Aliss  Mary  M.  Vance,  daughter 
of  Hugh  and  Margaret  Vance,  residents  of  Protection.  Mrs.  Johnston 
is  a  native  of  Iowa  and  came  to  Kansas  with  her  parents  when  a  child. 
To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Johnston  have  been  born  seven  children :  Walter  R., 
Etna  Hazel,  George  P.,  Earl,  Hugh,  Edgar  and  Edith.  The  Johnston 
family  is  well  known  and  highly  respected  in  the  community. 

George  H.  Helton  is  a  successful  farmer  of  Comanche  county,  and  in 
addition  to  farming  is  interested  in  a  number  of  im]K)rtant  commercial 
enterprises  at  Coldwater.  He  is  a  native  of  Iowa,  born  in  Des  Moines, 
December  12,  1876.  He  is  a  son  of  Joseph  A.  and  Eliza  Isabelle  (Barn- 
grover)  Helton.  Joseph  A.  Helton,  the  father,  was  born  in  Indiana  in 
1854  of  Virginia  parents.  The  family  removed  to  Iowa  some  time  in 
the  fifties  and  located  at  Des  Moines,  where  J(iseph  A.  Helton's  father 
took  a  prominent  part  in  the  early  development  and  organization  of  that 
section  of  Iowa.  He  is  a  veteran  of  the  Civil  war.  and  served  as 
sheriff  of  Polk  county;  he  died  in  1864,  and  his  wife  departed  this  life 
one  year  later.  Joseph  A.  Helton  came  to  Kansas  with  his  family  in 
1884,  and  was  successfully  engaged  in  farming  for  a  number  of  years, 
and  is  now  living  retired  at  Chase,  Kans.  (ieorge  H.  Helton  is  one  of 
a  family  of  seven  children,  four  of  whom  are  living,  as  follows:  George 
H.,  Nellie  B.,  born  in  1878,  married  Erank  Helmcr,  farmer,  Geneseo, 
Kans.;  Mabel  M.,  born  in  1880,  married  George  W.  .Smith,  Chase.  Kans., 
and  Xancy  E.,  born  in  1885.  married  Walter  Layton.  farmer.  Pollard, 
Kans.  George  H.  Helton  received  his  educational  training  in  the  public 
schools  of  Chase,  Kans.,  and  was  graduated  from  the  Chase  High. School 
in  the  class  of  1897.  and  engaged  in  the  stock  business,  handling  horses 
and  cattle  extensi\ely  at  Ciiase.  Kans.,  until  1904,  when  he  removed  to 
Comanche  county,  and  bought  a  ranch,  seven  miles  northeast  of  Cold- 
water,  where  he  has  since  resided.  His  place  consists  of  640  acres  of 
well  improved  land,  all  under  a  high  state  of  cultivation  and  very  pro- 
ductive. In  additi(m  to  his  farming  operations,  Mr.  Helton  carries  on 
an  extensive  business  in  buying  and  selling  horses  and  mules.  He  is 
a  director  of  the  Peoples  State  Bank  of  Coldwater,  the  Platte-Gilchrist 


124  BIOGRAPHICAL 

Lumber  Companj-  of  Coldwater  and  the  Coldwater  Hardware  &  Imple- 
ment Company,  and  is  also  interested  in  a  number  of  grain  elevators. 
He  is  a  Republican  and  has  taken  a  prominent  part  in  political  affairs 
since  coming  to  Comanche  county.  He  was  a  member  of  the  board  of 
county  commissioners  from  1908  to  191 1,  and  in  1912  was  elected  to 
represent  Comanche  county  in  the  legislature  and  re-elected  to  that 
office  in  1914.  During  the  session  of  1913  he  was  an  active  member  of 
a  number  of  legislative  committees  and  took  a  prominent  part  in  that 
session,  and  the  best  evidence  that  he  satisfactorily  represented  his  con- 
stituents is  that  he  was  re-elected  to  succeed  himself.  Mr.  Helton  was 
married  ^larch  23.  1901,  at  McPherson,  Kans.,  to  Miss  ^Myrtle  B.,  dnugh- 
ter  of  Theodore  and  Martha  E.  (Calfee)  Mullenix  of  Chase  county.  Kan- 
sas. Mrs.  Helton  was  born  January-  11.  1883.  at  Greencastle,  Ind.  To  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Helton  have  been  born  three  children:  Xira  Mae,  born  De- 
cember 5.  1901  ;  \"elda  Grace,  born  June  9.  1903,  died  August  23,  1904, 
and  Alma  Pearl,  born  March  12,  1905.  Mr.  Helton  is  a  Thirty-second 
degree  Scottish  Rite  Mason. 

Joseph  P.  Taylor,  the  popular  and  capable  clerk  of  the  District  Court 
of  Comanche  county,  is  a  native  of  Illinois.  He  was  born  on  a  farm  in 
■McLean  county,  March  23,  1873,  and  is  a  son  of  \\'illiam  ]M.  and 
Elizabeth  (Policy)  Taylor,  the  former  also  a  native  of  McLean 
county,  Illinois,  born  October  30,  1850,  and  the  latter  a  native  of  In- 
diana, born  June  6.  1854.  The  Taylor  family  came  to  Kansas  in  1875 
and  followed  farming  for  two  years  in  Cowley  county  and  five  years 
in  Sumner  county,  the  father  proving  up  on  government  land  in  the  lat- 
ter county,  where  he  remained  until  1884,  when  he  removed  to  Comanche 
county  and  bought  a  ranch  of  600  acres,  two  miles  south  of  Protection, 
where  he  was  extensively  engaged  in  the  cattle  business.  He  took  a 
prominent  part  in  the  early  development  of  the  county,  and  is  a  Demo- 
crat and  prominent  in  the  local  councils  of  the  party.  In  1890  he  was 
elected  to  the  office  of  sheriff  of  Comanche  county,  serving  four 
years  and  made  a  good  record.  In  1903  he  sold  his  ranch  and  has  since 
resided  in  Coldwater.  He  is  widely  and  favorably  known  throughout 
southern  Kansas,  and  a  pul)lic  spirited  man  who  is  ever  ready  to  sup- 
port a  worthy  cause.  Joseph  P.  Taylor  is  one  of  a  family  of  five 
children,  as  follows:  Joseph  P.,  whose  name  introduces  this  review; 
David  "Elmer,  born  in  McLean  county,  Illinois,  June  5,  1875.  married 
Rose  Holderby,  a  daughter  of  H.  O.  Holderby,  a  Comanche  county 
pioneer,  and  to  them  have  been  born  two  children.  Clyde  and  Richard; 
Cora,  born  in  1879.  married  Frank  M.  Mclntyre  and  they  have  five 
children,  Glesson,  Millard,  Xorma,  Herman  and  Morris,  the  last  two 
twins  :  Gladys,  born  in  1893.  ^  .graduate  of  the  Coldwater  High  School,  re- 
sides with  her  parents,  and  William  Jennings  Bryan,  born  June  20,  1896. 
Joseph  P.  Taylor  spent  his  boyhood  days  on  his  father's  ranch  in 
Comanche  county  and  attended  the  public  schools.     In   early   life   he 


BIOGRAPIIICAI,  125 

engaged  in  stock  raising  for  liinisclf  and  was  \-ery  successful  in  that 
line  of  endeavor,  and  in  1908  engaged  in  the  cement  contracting  lousiness, 
which  he  followed  for  two  years.  About  the  time  he  engaged  in  con- 
tracting he  was  elected  district  clerk  of  Comanche  county  on  the  Demo- 
cratic ticket  and  re-elected  to  that  office  in  1910  and  in  1912  and  again 
in  1914  and  is  now  ser\ing  in  that  capacity.  Mis  repeated  re-election 
to  that  office  is  the  best  evidence  of  the  satisfactory  wa\  in  which  he 
has  discharged  the  duties  which  have  de\olved  upon  him.  lie  is  well 
known  throughout  tJie  county  and  his  conscientious  methods  and 
courteous  manner  have  won  many  friends.  'Mr.  Taylor  was  united  in 
marriage  December  28.  1900.  to  Miss  Marie,  daughter  of  William  P.. 
Cummins,  a  prominent  Woods  county,  Oklahoma,  farmer.  Mrs. 
Taylor  was  born  on  a  farm  in  Miami  county,  Kansas.  To  Mr.  and 
Mrs.  Taylor  have  been  born  five  children,  as  follows:  Spencer  Curtis, 
born  October  12.  1901  ;  Bernice  Elizabeth,  born  September  11,  1903; 
MtuMand  Cummins,  born  October  5,  1908;  I'liili])  Irving,  born  June  24. 
1912,  and  Gordon  L.  W'illson,  born  June  4,  1914.  Mr.  Taylor  is  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Knights  of  P\thias  and  the  lndc])endent  ( )r(ler  of  (Hid 
Fellows. 

Charles  Edgar  Baker,  a  well  known  successful  attorney  of  Coldwater. 
Kans..  and  count\  attorney  of  Comanche  county,  was  born  on  a  farm 
in  Lawrence  county,  Missouri,  December  29,  1873.  Ills  ])arents. 
Andrew  II.  and  Martha  E.  (Eads)  I'aker,  are  both  natives  of  Wayne 
county,  Kentucky,  where  the  former  was  born  June  12,  1841,  and  the 
latter  March  21,  1851.  Andrew  11.  liaker,  the  father,  is  a  ])ioneer  of 
southern  Kansas  and  for  a  number  of  years  was  a  prt)minent  factor  in 
the  banking  world  of  that  section.  He  first  came  to  Kansas  in  1868, 
settling  in  Montgomery  county,  being  one  of  the  very  first  settlers  of 
that  part  of  the  state.  He  remained  there,  however,  only  one  year, 
when  he  removed  to  Lawrence  county,  Missouri,  and  was  engaged  in 
farming  aliout  six  years,  and  in  1876  returned  to  the  Sunflower  State, 
this  time  taking  u])  his  residence  in  Cowler  county,  and  followed  farm- 
ing and  stock  raising  there  until  1884.  .Abonl  this  time  Comanche 
county  began  to  settle  u\)  rapidly,  and  op]iortnnities  seemed  favorable 
there,  and  Mr.  Uaker  disjjosed  of  his  interests  in  Cowley  county  and 
joined  the  western  bound  homeseekers,  and  took  up  goxernment  land  in 
Comanche  county,  near  where  the  present  town  of  Protection  is  located. 
Here  he  engaged  in  farming  and  stock  raising  and  met  with  tuiusual 
success.  In  1904,  he,  with  a  few  other  local  capitalists,  organized  the 
Protection  State  IJank  and  he  was  president  of  that  institution  for  two 
years  when  he  disposed  of  his  interest  in  that  bank  and  invested  in  the 
Peoples'  State  I'ank  of  Coldwater,  and  became  its  i)resident.  He  has 
many  financial  interests  in  the  county  and  during  his  long  career  of 
business  enterjirise.  he  may  well  be  classed  as  one  of  the  builders  of 
Comanche  county.     He  retired  from  strenuous  business  life  in   kii^.  and 


126  BIOGRAPHICAL 

is  now  livinLT.  practically,  in  retirement  at  Coldwater.  He  has  been  a 
lifelong  Republican,  but  has  never  aspired  to  political  honors,  although 
he  has  always  taken  a  keen  interest  in  public  affairs  and  is  an  ardent 
supporter  of  any  policy  or  principle  for  the  upbuilding  and  betterment 
of  his  county  and  state.  Charles  Edgar  Baker,  whose  name  introduces 
this  sketch,  is  one  of  a  family  of  eleven  children,  as  follows:  Fannie, 
Ella,  Charles  Edgar,  Alice.  Emma,  Estella.  Frank,  Frederick,  Grace  and 
Jessie  (twins),  and  Hallie.  all  of  whom  are  living  and  enjoying  good 
health.  Charles  Edgar  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Cowley 
and  Comanche  counties  and  the  state  normal  school,  at  Emporia,  and 
afterwards  tpok  a  course  in  the  A\'ichita  Business  College.  In  1901  he 
received  the  appointment  as  journal  stenographer  in  the  state  legisla- 
ture, serving  in  that  capacity  through  that  session,  and  in  1903  was 
stenographer  for  the  senate  judicial  committee,  and  at  the  close  of  that 
session,  in  1903,  was  appointed  official  court  stenographer  for  the 
thirty-first  judicial  district,  serving  in  that  capacity  eight  years.  In 
the  meantime,  he  read  law  and  passed  the  bar  examination  and  was 
admitted  to  the  bar  of  Kansas  in  igio.  He  engaged  in  the  practice  of 
his  profession  at  Coldwater  and  has  built  up  a  large  paying  practice. 
In  1912  he  was  elected  county  attorney  of  Comanche  county,  and  re- 
elected in  1914,  and  now  holds  that  office.  Mr.  Baker  was  united  in 
marriage,  January  31,  1901,  to  ]\Iiss  Lulu  Boyd,  of  Burden.  Kans.  She 
was  born  at  Eugene  City.  Ore.,  July  30,  1876.  and  is  a  daughter  of 
Samuel  and  Delila  Boyd.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Baker  have  been  born  three 
children.  Elsie,  born  September  16.  1904;  Irene,  born  October  7,  1906, 
and  Charles  Edgar,  Jr.,  born  December  24,  1914.  Mr.  Baker  is  a  member 
of  the  Masonic  lodge,  and  he  and  his  wife  are  members  of  the  Aletho- 
dist  Episcopal  church  and  active  in  the  work  of  the  church  in  their 
home  town. 

Calvin  Clermont  Towner,  Protection.  Kans.,  came  to  this  state  in 
1873,  when  he  was  a  lad  of  twelve  years  of  age.  Mr.  Towner  is  a 
native  of  the  Buckej-e  State,  born  in  Pike  county,  Ohio.  May  27,  1861, 
and  is  a  son  of  William  H.  and  Xancy  (McCray)  Towner.  The  father 
was  also  born  in  Pike  county,  Ohio,  in  1840,  and  followed  farming  in 
that  state  until  1884.  when  he  came  to  Kansas,  locating  on  government 
land  in  Clark  county.  He  was  a  Republican  and  active  in  the  early 
life  of  the  county,  having  been  a  member  of  the  board  of  county  commis- 
sioners six  rears.  He  was  one  of  the  founders  of  the  town  of  Lexing- 
ton, which  was  one  of  the  hustling  frontier  towns  in  the  8o's,  but  is 
now  extinct.  In  1893  when  the  "Cherokee  Strip"  was  opened  up  to 
settlement,  he  took  up  government  land  in  Garfield  county,  Oklahoma, 
where  he  died  in  1899.  He  was  a  veteran  of  the  Civil  war,  having 
served  three  years  as  a  non-commissioned  officer,  and  was  clerk  on  the 
staff  of  Gen.  George  H.  Thomas.  \\'illiam  H.  Towner  was  twice  mar- 
ried, his  first  wife,  Nancy  McCray,  was  a  daughter  of  Archibald  A.  and 


BIOGRAPHICAL  I 27 

Leatha  (Ward)  McCray,  natives  of  \'ir!4-inia.  Xancv  McCray  was  one 
of  a  family  of  ten  children.  Her  seven  brothers,  llarvey,  W'illiam,  Sam- 
uel, Washington,  Charles  J.,  Calvin  A\'.,  and  Archibald,  served  in  the 
Union  army  during  the  Civil  war,  \\'ashington  being  a  lieutenant.  The 
two  daughters  died  in  infancy.  To  William  II.  and  Xancy  (McCrav) 
Towner  was  born  one  child.  Calvin  Clermont,  the  subject  of  this  sketch. 
The  mother  died  when  Calvin  was  two  years  old,  in  1863.  and  about 
seven  years  later  the  father  married  Miss  Margaret  Smith,  and  to  this 
imion  were  born  six  children:  John  R.,  lienjamin  U..  a  sketch  of  whom 
appears  in  this  volume,  William  H.,  Harry,  Lyda  and  Sallie.  Calvin  C. 
Towner  came  to  Kansas  in  1873  with  two  uncles,  who  located  in 
Mcl^herson  county,  where  the  boy  attended  school.  He  went  to  liar- 
ber  coimty  and  settled  on  government  land  and  after  proving  up  went 
to  Clark  county,  and  bought  school  land,  where  he  ninv  owns  over  1,000 
acres  of  land  and  has  since  been  extensively  engaged  in  the  cattle 
business  and  is  one  of  the  successful  stock  men  in  that  section.  Mr. 
Towner  resides  in  the  town  of  Protection  and  directs  his  stock  and  farm- 
ing operations  from  there.  He  has  been  active  in  other  fields  of  enter- 
prise as  well  as  in  farming.  In  1910  he  built  a  plant  and  installed  an 
electric  system  in  the  town  of  Protection,  which  he  later  sold  to  the 
town.  Mr.  Towner  was  first  married,  .April  16,  1890,  to  IMiss  Ella  M. 
Gilchrist,  a  native  of  PennsyKania,  born  .\pril  10,  1868,  and  came  to 
Kansas  with  her  parents  in  1886.  She  died  April  10,  1906.  She  was  a 
member  of  the  Christian  church  and  a  woman  of  noble  Christian  char- 
acter. Mr.  Towner's  second  marriage  occurred  January  16,  1908,  to 
Miss  Leola  15.,  daughter  of  1!.  P..  and  Mary  (Davenjiort)  Denney.  Mrs. 
Towner  was  born  in  .Sumner  county,  Kansas.  October  i.  1884.  They 
have  two  children.  Uutli  l*".\-cl_\n,  born  August  5,  1910,  and  David  Cler-  ' 
nioiii,  born  (  )ctobcr  jS,  191 1.  Mr.  Towner  is  a  member  of  the  Masonic 
lodge  and  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  I-'ellows,  and  is  one  of  the  sub- 
stantial citizens  of  Comanche  county. 

Floyd  Robert  Campbell,  registrar  of  deeds  of  Comanche  county,  is  a 
native  son  of  Kansas.  ;ind  belongs  to  the  younger  class  of  men  who  are 
doing  things  and  taking  a  i)r(>minent  i)art  in  the  affairs  of  the  state.  Mr. 
Campbell  was  born  in  Rei)ublic  county,  January  21.  1884.  and  is  a  son 
of  John  M.  and  Sarah  (Glascow)  Campbell.  The  f.ither  w.ms  a  iiatixe  of 
Springfield.  Mo.,  born  in  1838.  and.  when  a  child  his  parents  removed 
to  Illinois,  where  he  was  reared  on  a  farm,  and  was  engaged  in  farming 
when  the  Civil  war  broke  out.  In  answer  to  the  President's  call  for 
volunteers,  he  enlisted  in  the  Xinety-ninth  Illinois  infantry,  and  wa ; 
in  the  service  for  three  years  and  three  months.  He  i)articii)ated  in 
many  important  battles  and  was  at  the  siege  at  \'icksburg  and  wriS 
wotuided  once.  .At  the  close  of  the  war  he  returned  to  his  Illinois  home, 
where  he  remained  a  few  years,  and  in  1869  c.imc  to  Kansas,  locating 
in   Republic  county.     That  was  an  early  day  in  the  settlement  of  that 


128  BIOGRAPHICAL 

section  of  the  state,  which  was  considerably  west  of  what  might  be 
termed  the  border  line  of  civilization  and  there  was  considerable  Indian 
trouble  in  that  section  after  that  time.  Here  John  Campbell,  the  pioneer, 
took  up  government  land  and  was  one  of  the  first  to  file  a  claim  in 
Republic  county.  He  took  an  active  part  in  the  organizing  of  the 
county.  He  was  a  lifelong  Republican,  and  active  in  the 
affairs  of  his  party,  and  at  one  time  was  a  member  of  the  board  of  county 
commissioners  of  Republic  county.  He  was  successfuU}-  engaged  in 
farming  and  stock  raising  there  until  1900.  when  he  bought  2,500  acres 
of  land  in  Comanche  county,  where  he  removed,  and  established  a  cattle 
ranch,  and  was  engaged  in  the  cattle  business  on  an  extensive  scale  and 
prospered  until  he  was  overtaken  by  death.  He  passed  away  June  19, 
1907.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Grand  Army  of  the  Republic  and  the 
Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows,  and  a  well  known  and  highly 
respected  citizen.  His  wife  was  a  native  of  Pike  county,  Illinois,  born 
in  1842 ;  she  died  at  Clay  Center,  Kans..  March  10.  1910.  She  was  a 
member  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church.  Floyd  Robert  Campbell  is 
one  of  a  family  of  ten  children,  as  follows :  Belle,  now  the  wife  of 
William  M.  Morley,  Coldwater,  Kans.;  John  H.,  farmer,  Republn- 
county,  Kansas ;  Mary,  the  wife  of  Daniel  Bowersook,  farmer.  South 
Dakota ;  Sadie,  the  wife  of  Leroy  Donaldson,  farmer  and  merchant,  St. 
Francis.  Kans.:  Fannie." the  wife  of  Samuel  Bush,  farmer.  South  Dakota; 
Millie,  wife  of  Joseph  Jantzen,  farmer,  Colorado;  Delia,  the  wife  of 
Benton  Craig,  farmer.  Oklahoma ;  Ethel,  wife  of  Albert  Mc\"ey.  farmer. 
Clay  county,  Kansas;  Floyd  Robert,  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  and 
Chester  A.,  born  November  11.  1887,  ranchman,  Comanche  county, 
Kansas,  married  Maggie  McLaughlin.  Floyd  Robert  Campbell  received 
his  education  in  the  public  scliools  of  Republic  county,  Kansas,  and 
the  W'esleyan  Business  College,  graduating  in  the  class  of  1903,  and 
was  associated  with  liis  father  on  their  cattle  ranch  in  Comanche  county 
until  1912,  when  he  was  elected  registrar  of  deeds  of  Comanche  county, 
and  in  1914  was  re-elected  to  that  office.  Mr.  Campbell  is  a  Republican 
and  has  taken  an  active  part  in  politics,  and  his  genial  manner  and  ef- 
ficient public  service  have  made  him  one  of  the  popular  coimt}-  officials 
of  Comanche  county.  He  is  a  Thirty-second  Degree  Scottish  Rite 
Mason.  He  was  united  in  marriage  June  4,  1913.  at  Hubbell,  Xeb.,  to 
Miss  Marie,  daughter  of  L,  P.  Luce,  a  retired  farmer  of  that  place.  Mrs. 
Campbell  was  born  at  Hubbell.  Xeb.,  March  20,  i88g,  and  .she  is  a  grad- 
uate of  the  Hubbell  High  School. 

Capt.  William  J.  Watson,  postmaster  of  Pittsburg,  Kans.,  is  a  native 
son  of  Kansas,  and  the  second  generation  of  a  family  of  soldiers  and 
prominent  citizens  whose  endeavors  have  contributed  much  to  the  up- 
building and  progress  of  the  Sunflower  State.  Although  born  after 
the  storm  and  stress  period  of  Kansas  history,  he  found  outlet  for  the 
traditional    family   patriotism   in    the   Spanish-.\merican    war,   in   which 


Uyoio 


UiUM 


VtA4 


TIKIGRAI'IIICAL  129 

lie  was  an  officer  in  the  famims  Twenlicth  Kansas  re.e^'iment.  and  tlic 
wiHtnds  which  he  received  while  in  the  service  of  the  flaj:;-  in  distant 
lands  will  he  lifelong'  marks  of  his  valorous  conduct.  Captain  Watson 
was  born  on  a  farm  in  Crawford  count}',  near  Cato,  Deceml)er  31.  1871. 
and  is  a  son  of  Capt.  Alexander  M.  and  Sarah  Jane  (Hadley)  Watson. 
Alexander  M.  Watson  was  born  in  F.dinburgh.  Scotland,  in  1836.  a  son 
of  Matthew  and  F.lixia  (Macartney)  Watson.  Matthew  Watson,  with 
his  family,  immigrated  from  Scotland  to  Canada  in  1S42.  and  a  year 
later  removed  to  Rochester,  X.  Y.,  where  they  remained  until  1852,  when 
the  family  removed  to  Michigan,  and  shortly  afterward  to  Livingston 
county.  Illinois.  In  1859  the  family,  with  the  exception  of  .\lexander  M., 
came  to  the  territory  of  Kansas,  locating  on  the  tlien  "neutral"  lands,  near 
where  Cato  now  stands.  Here  the  family  bought  land,  which  later  be- 
came a  productive  and  valuable  farm,  consisting  of  one  section  of  land. 
When  they  settled  here  the  country  was  in  a  i)rimiti\e  condition.  Indians 
still  roamed  oxer  the  plains,  range  was  free  and  unfenced.  Matthew 
Watson  resided  on  that  ])lace  until  1872,  when  he  removed  to  Cherokee 
county,  where  he  developed  another  fine  farm  and  resided  there  until 
his  death  in  1895.  "'^  wife  died  in  1882.  Alexander  M.  Watson  re- 
mained in  Illinois  after  the  other  members  of  the  family  came  to  Kansas, 
and  on  December  10,  1861,  enlisted  at  Geneva.  111.,  as  a  private  in  Com- 
panv  1).  I'ifty-second  regiment.  Illinois  infantry,  and  was  attached  to 
the  Army  of  the  Tennessee,  under  Grant.  He  fought  at  Fort  Donelson, 
Shiloh.  tlie  siege  at  C'orinth,  Missionary  Ridge  and  numerous  skirmishes. 
On  December  25.  1863.  his  term  of  enlistment  having  expired,  he  re- 
enlisted  at  I'ulaski.  'Penn..  in  the  same  regiment.  On  May  5,  1864,  his 
regiment  joined  Sherman's  army  at  Chattanoo.ga  and  participated  in  all 
the  battles  of  Sherman's  march  to  the  sea.  November  19,  1804,  he  was 
promoted  to  captain,  and  after  lire  march  to  the  sea,  went  north  through 
the  Carolinas  to  Goldsboro,  and  after  Johnson's  surrender  accom])anied 
Sherman's  victorious  army  to  Washington,  and  was  with  his  company  in 
the  grand  re\iew.  lie  was  mustered  out  at  Louisville,  Ky.,  July  12. 
i8('i5.  At  the  close  of  the  w;ir  he  came  to  Kansas  to  join  his  wife,  who 
had  ])receded  him  to  this  State,  and  had  remained  with  the  Watson 
family  during  the  \\;ir.  .\fter  remaining  for  a  short  time  in  liourbon 
county,  he  came  to  Crawfcjrd  coimty,  and  on  I'"ebruary  1,  i8f)(),  took  nj)  a 
claim  in  Osage  township,  and  has  the  distinction  of  being  one  of  the 
oldest  settlers  in  the  county,  in  .idditinn  to  his  farming  operations  lie 
was  also  engaged  as  a  railroad  contractor  for  a  time.  In  i8Sn  he  took 
up  his  residence  in  Pittsburg  and  has  lived  there  ever  since.  He  was 
foreman  for  the  Kansas  &  Texas  Coal  Company  for  a  number  of  years. 
His  wife  died  at  Fmporia,  Kans..  in  1876.  Capt.  William  J.  Watson, 
whose  name  introduces  this  sketch,  was  educated  in  the  public  schools 
of  Pittsburg  and  graduated  from  the  high  school.  He  then  took  up 
the  study  of  law  in  the  office  of  John  Randoli>h.  of  Pittsburg,  and  later 


130  BIOGRAPHICAL 

entered  the  law  department  of  Kansas  University,  at  Lawrence,  where 
he  was  graduated  in  the  class  of  1896,  and  w-as  admitted  to  the  supreme 
court  and  immediately  engaged  in  the  practice  of  law  at  Pittsburg,  and 
in  April,  1897,  was  elected  to  the  office  of  justice  of  the  peace,  being  the 
youngest  man  ever  elected  to  that  office  in  Crawford  county.  Up  to 
the  time  of  his  election  he  had  been  a  member  of  the  law  firm  of  Fuller, 
Randolph  &  Watson,  but  after  election,  the  duties  of  his  office  took  all 
his  time  and  attention.  On  April  27,  1898,  two  days  after  the  formal 
declaration  of  war  against  Spain,  Mr.  Watson  left  his  office  and  went 
to  the  recruiting  headquarters  in  Pittsburg,  enlisting  as  a  private  in 
Compan}-  D,  Twentieth  Kansas  regiment.  This  was  the  first  day  that 
volunteer  enlistments  were  received  in  Kansas.  Almost  immediately 
upon  the  organization  of  his  company  he  was  elected  first  lieutenant, 
and  the  regiment  shortly  afterwards  was  sent  to  San  Francisco,  where 
they  remained  in  camp  about  six  months,  when  they  sailed  for  the 
Philippine  Islands  to  engage  in  active  service.  Captain  W^atson  was 
with  his  company  in  many  weary  marches  and  hard-fought  battles  and 
skirmishes  that  fell  to  the  lot  of  his  regiment  of  brave  Kansans.  On 
March  23,  1899,  he  was  promoted  to  a  captaincy  and  assigned  to  the 
command  of  Company  E,  and  six  days  later  was  wounded  in  the  breast 
bv  a  Remington  bullet  at  the  battle  of  Guiguinto,  Luzon,  and  still  carries 
that  gruesome  souvenir  in  his  body.  He  was  carried  from  the  field  and 
at  the  time  was  not  expected  to  survive  his  wound.  However,  in  time 
he  recovered  sufficiently  to  be  sent  to  San  Francisco  on  the  hospital 
ship,  Relief,  arriving  there  August  29.  After  spending  some  time  in 
the  states  and  recovering  from  his  wound,  he  was  offered  a  commission 
in  the  Fortieth  United  States  infantry,  dating  from  August  17,  1899. 
Shortly  after  joining  his  new  regiment  he  was  offered  a  detail  as  aide- 
de-camp  on  the  staff  of  General  Funston,  but  preferring  to  remain  in  the 
line  command  a  captain,  refused  this  offer.  He  was  accordingly  given 
command  of  Company  'M,  Fortieth  United  States  regiment,  and  again 
sailed  for  the  Philippines,  November  17,  1899.  At  the  siege  at  Cagayan, 
in  Mindinao.  .-Vpril  7,  1900,  Captain  Watson  was  again  wounded  by  a 
rifle  ball  in  the  foot,  the  wound  being  of  such  a  serious  nature  that 
blood  poison  resulted.  After  being  sent  to  the  hospital  at  Manila,  nearly 
a  thousand  miles  distant,  it  was  found  necessary  to  amputate  his  leg  just 
below  the  knee.  Being  permanently  disabled  for  active  field  service,  he 
.  returned  home  and  received  his  honorable  discharge,  July  i,  1901,  after 
three  j'ears  and  three  months  of  service.  Captain  Watson  spent  some 
time  in  recuperating  his  health  and  then  resumed  his  law  practice  in 
Pittsburg  and  was  building  up  a  profitable  practice  when  he  was  ap- 
pointed postmaster  of  Pittsburg,  April  i.  1902.  and  has  served  in  that 
capacity  to  the  present  time.  He  has  been  a  painstaking  and  efficient 
public  officer  and  his  administration  of  the  affairs  of  the  office  has  been 
of  a  high  standard.     On  November  11,  1899,  before  sailing  the  second 


BIOGRAPHICAL  I3I 

time  to  the  Philippines,  Captain  \\'atson  was  united  in  marriage  at  Pitts- 
burg to  Miss  Lotta.  daughter  of  John  R.  Lindburg,  a  prominent  citizen 
of  Pittsburg,  a  personal  sketch  of  whom  appears  elsewhere  in  this 
volume.  Mrs.  Watson  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Pittsburg 
and  the  Monticello  \\'oman's  College,  Monticello,  Mo.  Captain  Watson 
takes  an  active  part  in  public  affairs,  and  for  six  years  has  been  a 
member  of  the  State  Miliary  Board,  and  has  received  the  appointment 
of  Judge  Advocate  General  with  rank  of  Colonel.  lie  is  president  of 
the  Pittsburg  Public  Library  Board,  vice  president  of  the  Chamber  of 
Commerce,  a  director  and  vice  president  of  the  First  National  Bank  of 
Pittsburg,  and  a  director  of  the  Kansas  Life  Insurance  Comi)any  of 
Topeka.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Masonic  lodge.  Ancient  Order  of 
United  \\'orkmen,  Knights  and  Ladies  of  Security,  Fraternal  .Aid,  the 
Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks  and  the  Beta  Theta  Phi. 

Myron  G.  Stevenson,  a  respected  resident  and  a  well  known  business 
man  n{  Ashland.  Kans.,  has  been  closely  identified  with  the  public  and 
business  life  of  that  town  almost  since  its  organization,  and  has  been  a 
potential  factor  in  its  growth  and  development.  Mr.  .Stevenson  is  an 
Ohio  man.  born  in  Youngstown,  October  i6,  1862.  His  father.  Matthew 
Stevenson  was  born  in  Ireland,  January  4.  1834,  and  was  educated  for 
the  ministry.  In  1856.  however,  he  immigrated  to  the  United  States  and 
located  at  Youngstown.  Ohio,  where  he  engaged  in  the  mercantile 
business  until  1872.  There  he  married  Miss  Sarah  Patton,  in  1859.  In 
1872  he  removed  lo  Indiana,  where  he  ])rosi)ected  as  a  coal  operator  and 
for  several  years  engaged  in  the  mercantile  business,  at  V'eedersburg. 
He  was  similarily  engaged  at  different  points  uj)  to  1906,  when  the  loss 
of  his  eyesight  compelled  him  to  close  a  long  and  active  business  career. 
He  was  a  member  of  the  Masonic  order,  and  he  and  his  wife  resided 
at  Ashland  until  his  death,  October  16,  1913.  Of  their  union,  four 
children  were  born:  Miranda,  born  in  i860,  dicil  in  infancy;  Myron 
(j. ;  Carrie  E..  born  October  3,  i8('i4.  married  W.  L.  Livengood,  at 
Yeedersburg,  Ind..  in  1885.  and  died  in  liope,  Ark,.  .SeiJtember  3.  1914. 
and  Warren  I!.,  born  July  2.  1869,  died  at  N'eedersburg,  Ind..  Sei)teniber 
20.  1884. 

Myron  (i.  Stexenson  received  his  education  in  tiie  pnlilic  schools  at 
.Attica  and  N'eedersburg.  Ind.  ilis  in(le|)en(lenl  career  began  as  a  sales- 
man and  bookkeeper,  in  which  cajjacities  he  served  eight  years.  In  1884 
he  began  the  printer's  trade  at  \'eedersburg.  Ind..  and  in  1886  came  to 
Ashland.  Kans..  where  he  became  foreman  in  the  office  of  the  Ashland 
"Herald."  in  1SS8  lie  became  editor  and  part  owner  of  the  .Ashland 
"Journal."  which  he  conducted  until  i8(/).  It  was  a  i)rogressivc  Rei)ubli- 
can  paper  and  was  discontiiuied  in  1897.  .\fter  severing  his  newspaper 
connections  Mr.  Stevenson  entered  the  furniture  business  and  conducted 
a  store  in  .\shland  until  1907.  In  the  nie.intinie  he  became  a  licensed 
embaimer  and  funeral  director,  which  l)usiness  he  still  carries  on. 


132  BIOGRAPHICAL 

In  1907  he  gave  up  his  furniture  business  and  opened  an  insurance, 
loan  and  abstract  office,  Kj  which  he  has  since  given  his  attention  in 
connection  with  the  undertaking  business.  In  1910  he  was  elected  a 
justice  of  the  peace.  In  1912  he  was  elected  clerk  of  the  district  court 
of  Clark  county,  and  in  1914  was  re-elected  by  a  large  increased  majority. 

In  his  political  views  Mr.  Stevenson  is  a  Reiniblican  and  has  always 
been  a  very  active  and  prominent  worker  in  behalf  of  his  party.  For 
eighteen  years  he  was  a  member  of  the  Clark  County  Republican  Cen- 
tral Committee,  of  which  he  has  served  as  chairman  and  secretary.  He 
also  has  been  at  different  times  a  memljer  of  the  state,  senatorial,  con- 
gressional and  judiciary  committees,  and  is  an  influential  factor  in  both 
local  and  state  politics.  He  served  as  clerk  of  the  judiciary  committee 
in  the  Kansas  house  of  representatives  during  the  session  of  1895. 
Fraternally  he  is  a  member  nf  the  time-honored  Jtlasonic  order,  and 
numerous  others. 

On  October  5,  1890,  Mr.  Stevenson  and  Miss  Delia  C.  Curtis  of  Ash- 
land, were  united  in  marriage.  Mrs.  Stevenson  was  born  August  25, 
1864,  at  Bushnell,  111.,  a  daughter  of  George  W.  Curtis,  a  pioneer  farmer 
of  Clark  county,  Kansas,  and  a  native  of  Kentucky.  He  is  a  veteran  of 
both  the  Mexican  and  Civil  wars  and  now  alternately  resides  with  his 
daughters,  Mrs.  Stevenson  of  Ashland,  and  Mrs.  Pearson  of  Emporia, 
Kans.  Mrs.  Stevenson  came  to  Kansas  with  her  parents  in  1885.  and  for 
several  years  prior  to  her  marriage  was  a  teacher  in  Clark  county.  She 
is  a  member  of  the  Baptist  church.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Stevenson  have 
been  born  two  children :  Chester  A.,  born  at  Topeka,  Kans.,  October 
10,  1891,  is  a  student  in  a  business  school,  at  Wichita.  Kans. ;  Miss  Xaida 
Z.,  born  at  Ashland,  August  20.  1893.  is  a  teacher  of  kindergarten,  at 
present  specializing  in  her  work  at  the  state  normal  school,  Emporia, 
Kans. 

Henry  W.  Chapman,  now  serving  his  second  term  as  county  treasurer 
lit  L'cimanche  cnunt}'.  is  widely  and  favorably  known  throughout  tliat 
section  of  the  state.  He  was  born  June  27,  1872,  on  a  farm  in  Macon 
county,  Missouri,  and  is  a  son  of  Harry  and  Lucy  Ann  (Brown)  Chap- 
man. The  father  was  a  native  of  Connecticut,  born  at  Winstead  in 
1836,  and  when  a  young  man  was  engaged  in  the  manufacturing  of 
pocket  cutlery  for  a  number  of  years.  In  1872  he  came  west  with  his 
familv,  locating  at  Macon  county,  Missouri,  where  he  bought  land  and 
was  engaged  in  farming  until  1884.  He  then  came  to  Comanche  county, 
Kansas,  and  was  one  of  the  founders  of  Coldwater,  being  a  member  of 
the  original  Coldwater  Townsite  Company.  At  one  time  he  owned  a 
claim  adjoining  the  townsite,  for  which  he  refused  an  offer  of  $75,000. 
Shortly  afterwards  during  a  period  of  depression  this  .same  property 
was  sold  for  taxes,  but  has  become  \-aluable  property  again.  In  1889, 
he  took  part  in  the  original  opening  of  and  settlement  of  Oklahoma, 
where  he  spent  the  latter  i)art  of  his  days.     He  died  at   llobart.  ( )kla., 


BIOGUAIMIICAL 


133 


July  4.  19;)8.  :ind  liis  wife  passed  away  December  2,  of  the  same  year. 
Tlicy  were  the  parents  of  five  children:  Florence.  L.,  born  in  i860, 
unmarried,  a  teacher  in  the  public  schools  of  Indianapolis,  Ind. ; 
Charles,  Immmi  in  1862.  resides  at  Trinidad.  Colo.;  Henry  W..  the  subject 
of  this  re\  iew ;  Katherine.  born  in  1874.  now  the  wife  of  Irving  H.  Staf- 
ford, (Jklahoma  City.  Okla.,  and  .Mace,  born  in  1879.  resides  at  llol)art, 
Cjkla.  Henry  W.  Chapman,  while  a  young  man,  has  had  a  broad  expe- 
rience and  varied  career.  He  received  his  education  in  the  public  schools 
of  Macon  county,  and  Fort  Scott.  Kans.  1  le  was  a  pioneer  school  teacher 
of  Comanche  county,  and  for  eleven  years  was  engaged  in  educational 
work  in  that  cnunly.  In  i8<j3  he  was  at  the  opening  of  the  Cherokee 
strip,  and  ]>ro\ed  up  on  a  claim  in  Crant  county,  Oklahoma.  In  U)Oj 
his  health  failed,  and.  on  account  of  a  paralytic  stroke  he  has  not  been 
active  in  business  affairs  since  that  time.  He  has  taken  a  prominent 
part  in  politics  and  is  a  consistent  advocate  of  the  policies  and  principles 
of  the  Democratic  party,  and  in  1912  was  elected  county  treasurer  of 
Comanche  county  and  his  conduct  of  the  affairs  of  that  office  was  satis- 
factory to  the  electors  of  Comanche  county  and  he  was  re-elected  to 
succeed  himself  in  1914.  Mr.  Chai)man  was  married  December  29, 
1901,  at  Wichita,  Kans.,  to  Miss  May,  daughter  of  lliram  (  ).  and  Anna 
(Collett)  Ilolderb)-,  of  Coldwater.  The  Holderby  family  are  pioneer 
settlers  of  Coldwater,  where  the  father  has  been  iirominem  in  the  affairs 
of  Comanche  county,  serving  one  term  as  county  treasurer.  Mrs.  Ciiap- 
man  was  born  in  1877.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Cha])man  have  been  born  three 
children  :  i-'rancis,  Floann  and  William  Hull.  Mr.  Cha])man  is  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Knights  of  Pythias,  Independent  Order  of  Odd  I'-ellows, 
Modern  Woodmen  and  has  been  a  delegate  to  the  head  camp  two  ses- 
sions, at  Milwaukee  and  Toledo,  and  belongs  to  the  Presbyterian  church 
and  takes  an  active  ])art  in  the  work  of  the  congregation. 

Sheldon  B.  Hewett,  M.  D.,  a  leading  physician  and  surgeon  of  Girard, 
Kans..  is  a  native  son  of  Kansas.  He  was  born  in  Crawford  comity, 
seven  miles  west  of  Cirard,  January  i,  1878,  and  is  a  son  of  James  ^\. 
and  Jennie  (Brown)  Hewett.  The  father  was  a  native  of  Pennsylvania, 
born  February  12,  1841,  a  son  of  Collins  .A.  and  Martha  (Moore) 
Hewett.  natives  of  New  York  and  Pennsylvania,  respectively.  Collins 
.\.  Hewett  was  a  I'.aplist  minister,  and  came  to  Crawford  county,  Kansas, 
in  1871.  He  assisted  in  building  the  first  ISaptist  church  in  Girard.  and 
preached  there  for  a  time.  He  was  also  active  in  his  work  as  a  minister 
in  other  ])arts  of  Crawford  county,  preaching  at  Cherokee  and  Lightning 
Creek  churciies  for  a  time.  He  died  in  i87().  and  his  wife  departed  tliis 
life  the  following  year.  James  M.  Hewett  left  his  native  state  when  a 
\oung  man  and  went  to  Illinois,  but  returned  to  i'ennsyhania  in  a  short 
time.  Later  he  removed  to  Macon.  Mo.,  and  shortly  afterwards  came 
to    Kansas    and    l)oiinhi    a    farm    consisting    of    iC>o    acres    of    railroad 


134  BICGRAPHICAL 

land,  seven  miles  west  of  Girard.  He  added  to  this  from  time  to  time, 
and  at  the  time  of  his  death  owned  320  acres.  He  came  to  Crawford 
county  in  1870,  which  was  an  early  day  in  the  settlement  of  that  section 
of  the  state.  Girard  had  hardly  attained  the  rank  of  a  country  village, 
but  even  then  the  village  contained  a  cosmopolitan  population,  as  the 
institutions  of  the  place  consisted  of  a  store,  a  church  and  a  saloon,  but 
there  appears  to  be  no  record  of  which  received  the  largest  patronage. 
James  AI.  Hewett  was  married  March  22,  1870,  to  Miss  Jennie  Brown,  a 
native  of  Dublin,  Ireland.  She  was  a  daughter  of  Alexander  and 
Katherine  M.  Brown,  both  now  deceased.  Alexander  Brown  was  a 
prominent  newspaper  man  in  Dublin  in  early  life.  He  immigrated  to 
America  with  his  family,  first  locating  in  Saybrook.  Mass.,  and  from 
there  removed  to  Xorristown,  Penn.,  and  died  shortly  after  locating  at 
that  place.  His  wife  died  about  the  same  time  and  thus  their  daughter, 
Jennie,  afterwards  Mrs.  Hewett,  became  an  orphan  at  an  early  age. 
She  was  reared  to  womanhood  in  Pennsylvania  by  a  family  named  Whit- 
ing. To  James  M.  and  Jennie  (  Brown )  Hewett,  were  born  five  children, 
four  of  whom  grew  to  maturity,  as  follows:  Collins  A.,  Girard.  Kans. ; 
Katie,  married  John  'SI.  Carlisle,  Butte,  Mont.;  Jue,  widow  of  Alfred  Mal- 
lette.  Butte,  Alont.,  and  Sheldon  B.,  the  subject  of  this  sketch.  Dr. 
Hewett  spent  his  boyhood  daj's  on  his  father's  farm  in  Crawford  county 
and  attended  the  district  schools  and  later  attended  the  Girard  High 
School.  He  then  entered  the  University  Medical  College.  Kansas  City, 
and  was  graduated  with  the  class  of  1904  with  a  degree  of  Doctor  of 
Medicine.  He  immediately  engaged  in  the  practice  of  his  profession  at 
Redfield.  Kans.,  where  he  remained  until  1908,  when  he  removed  to 
Girard,  wdiich  has  since  been  the  scene  of  his  professional  activities. 
In  1912  he  founded  the  Girard  Hospital,  and  in  addition  to  his  practice 
conducted  that  institution  until  July,  1914,  when  he  sold  it  to  the  Girard 
Commercial  Club.  However,  he  still  retains  an  interest  in  that  in- 
stitution and  is  president  of  the  board  of  directors.  Dr.  Hewett  has 
been  eminently  successful  in  the  practice  of  his  profession,  which  has 
been  principally  along  the  lines  of  general  practice,  although  he  has 
specialized  extensively  in  the  treatment  of  liquor  and  morphine  habits 
and  has  met  with  unusual  success  in  that  field  of  professional  endeavor. 
Dr.  Hewett  was  married  August  14,  1907,  to  Miss  Bessie  Jobe,  of 
Uniontown,  Kans.  Dr.  Hewett  is  a  member  of  the  Independent  Order 
of  Odd  Fellows.  Knights  of  Pythias,  .\ncient  Order  of  United  Workmen. 
Modern  Woodman  of  .\merica,  Kansas  Fraternal  Citizens,  Fraternal 
Union  and  the  County,  State  and  American  Medical  Associations.  Polit- 
ically he  is  a  Democrat  and  is  secretary  of  the  local  board  of  United 
States  Pension  Examiners,  and  served  as  county  physician  of  Crawford 
county  during  the  year  of  191 1.  He  holds  membership  in  the  Metho- 
dist Episcopal  church. 


BIOGRAPHICAL  I35 

William  Henry  Kimple,  pioneer  and  \eteran  of  the  Civil  war,  lias  for 
over  thirty  years  been  an  active  factor  in  the  life  of  Comanche  coiint>-. 
He  is  a  native  of  the  Keystone  state,  and  was  born  in  Philadelphia, 
October  3,  1844.  His  parents  were  William  and  Christiana  (Miller) 
Kimple,  The  father  was  born  in  New  Jersey  in  1813.  of  .Scotch  parent- 
age. They  were  farmers,  and  the  father  died  in  Philadelphia,  Pa.,  in 
1858,  and  the  mother  passed  away  in  Xew  Jersey  in  1889.  They  were 
the  parents  of  three  children,  as  follows :  Lorenzo  Dow,  was  a  physi- 
cian and  served  as  an  army  surg;eon  in  a  Pennsylvania  res^inient  diirins:; 
the  Civil  war  and  died  at  Philadeljihia,  in  1875  ;  William  Henry,  the  sub- 
ject of  this  sketch,  and  Sylvester,  who  was  a  silk  manufacturer  in  New 
York  city,  died  in  1877.  William  Henry  Kimple  received  his  education 
in  the  ])ublic  schools  of  I'ennsylvania.  and  in  1856  went  to  Iowa  to  live 
with  relatives  in  Wayne  county,  making-  his  home  there  until  1862,  when, 
at  the  age  of  eighteen  years  he  enlisted  as  a  private  in  Company  M, 
Third  regiment.  Iowa  cavalry.  He  served  three  years  in  the  Civil  war 
and  particii)ated  in  many  hard-fought  and  important  engagements,  and. 
like  many  others,  fortunately,  escaped  any  serious  wound.  At  the  close 
of  the  war,  and  after  receiving  an  honorable  discharge  from  the  service 
he  returned  to  Wayne  county,  Iowa,  and  engaged  in  agricultural  pur- 
suits until  1878,  when  he  sold  his  farm  and  removed  to  Alacon,  Mo.  He 
then  engaged  in  railroad  construction  work  until  1884.  when  the  future 
possibilities  of  Comanche  county  were  brought  to  his  attention.  He 
came  west  and  located  at  Coldwater,  and  engaged  in  the  livery  business. 
Coldwater  was  then  a  new  town  and  his  was  the  first  business  of  the 
kind  there.  He  also  took  up  government  land  at  the  same  time,  and 
for  twenty-four  years  conducted  a  livery  business  at  Coldwater.  Ik- 
took  an  active  part  in  the  development  of  the  new  county,  .ind  has 
taken  a  keen  interest  in  the  business  devclo])ment  and  welfare  of  the 
community  since  locating  there.  Mr.  Kimple  has  been  twice  mar- 
ried. His  first  wife,  to  whom  he  was  married  December  25,  1867.  was 
Miss  Miss  Jennie  Rogers,  daughter  of  I'^lijah  and  Mary  Rogers,  of 
Wayne  county,  Iowa.  Three  children  were  born  to  this  imion,  as  fol- 
lows: Estella,  l)orn  Deceml)er  20,  1868,  married  .\ll)crt  Kyle.  'I'rivoli, 
111.:  Frank  Albert,  born  X'ovcmber  18,  1870,  married  F.va  L.  Halliday, 
and  they  ha\e  three  children,  John  W'..  P'rank  .\.  and  denevieve  Lyle, 
and  Warren,  born  .Se|)tember  20,  1873,  died  in  i8Sq.  Tlie  wife  and 
mother  of  these  children  died  February  20,  1878,  and  on  November  19, 

1879.  Mr.  Kim|)lc  was  married  at  Macon,  Mo.,  to  Miss  Kate,  daughter 
of  Charles  M.  and  Cathc'rine  Delia  (I'niey)  Mclntyre,  the  father  a  na- 
tive of  Massachusetts  and  the  nvithci-  of  Ireland.     The  former  died   in 

1880.  at  the  age  of  fifty-three,  and  the  latter  passed  away.  Ma\-  7. 
1914,  at  the  age  of  seventy-nine.  They  were  the  parents  of  nine  children. 
as  follows:  William.  John  H.,  Kate,  Mamie.  Anii.i  J..  Josejih  1'.,  Mar- 
garet W.,  Charles  M.,  and  l-'rancis  M.     The  l;itter  is  one  of  the  editors 


136  BIOGRAPHICAL 

and  owners  of  "The  Talisman,"  a  weekly  newspaper  ]niblished  at  Cold- 
water.  To  William  H.  Kimple  and  Kate  Mclntyre  were  born  two 
children,  Jennie  Winifred,  born  Angust  13,  1880,  at  Macon,  Mo., 
graduated  at  Friends  University,  Wichita,  in  the  class  of  1903,  where 
she  specialized  in  music.  On  October  11,  1905,  she  married  Roy  Clar- 
ence Coles,  a  native  of  Kentucky,  born  April  24,  1880,  and  came  to  Cold- 
w-ater,  Kans..  with  his  parents  in  1885.  He  is  now  engaged  in  the  live- 
stock business  at  Coldwater,  Kans.  Harry  Sylvester,  the  second  child, 
was  born  November  18,  1882.  in  Macon  county,  Missouri,  and  is  now  en- 
gaged in  the  livery  business  at  Coldwater,  Kans.  He  was  married  April 
I,  1903,  to  Miss  IMayme  Powell,  a  native  of  Iowa,  born  May  30,  1882. 
^Ir.  Kimple  is  a  Republican  and  has  been  a  life-long  supporter  of  the 
policies  and  principles  of  that  part\".  and  has  held  various  city  offices 
at  times.     He  is  a  member  of  the  Grand  Army  of  the  Republic. 

Davis  T.  Mclntire,  ex-sheriff  of  Comanche  county,  has  been  actively 
identified  with  the  development  of  Kansas  for  forty-five  years.  He  was 
born  in  Mercer  county,  Kentucky.  January  n,  1847,  and  comes  from  old 
Kentucky  stock.  He  is  a  son  of  John  C.  and  Xancy  Jane  (Bottom)  Mc- 
lntire; the  father  was  born  on  the  same  place  that  our  subject  was.  He 
was  prominent  in  the  public  life  of  his  county  and  for  a  number  of  years 
was  a  member  of  the  county  court.  During  the  Civil  war  he  served  in 
the  Eleventh  Kentucky  cavalry  (Union),  for  three  years,  and  made  an 
honorable  military  record.  1  Ic  was  wounded  at  the  battle  of  Atlanta, 
from  the  effect  of  which  he  never  fully  recovered.  He  was  a  prominent 
^lason  and  a  member  of  the  Ilaptist  church.  He  died  at  Rose  Hill.  Ky., 
in  1892,  and  his  wife  passed  away  in  1861.  They  were  the  parents  of 
seven  children,  as  follows:  Davis  T..  the  subject  of  this  sketch;  Dud- 
ley A.,  burn  in  1849,  resides  at  Arkansas  City,  Kans.;  Elizabeth,  born 
in  1851.  now  the  wife  of  "Dock"  De\'ine,  Houston,  Te.x. ;  Xanc\-  C.  born 
in  1853.  the  wife  of  W.  V.  Craves,  retired  farmer.  Harrodsburg.  Ky. ; 
Perlina  lillen,  born  in  1855.  married  Thomas  Board,  farmer,  Perryvil'e, 
Ky. ;  John  W..  died  in  1904  at  Rose  Hill.  Ky.,  and  Katherine  Belle, 
died  in  1861.  Davis  T.  Mclntire  spent  his  boyhood  days  on  his  father's 
farm  in  Kentucky,  and  was  reared  midst  the  surroundings  of  those  early 
days,  which  offered  very  little  opportunity  for  an  education  to  the  aver- 
age bov.  However,  he  was  quick  to  grasp  things,  and  learned  easily,  and 
even  under  the  conditions  of  the  lime  acquired  a  fairly  goi>d  education, 
and  during  his  entire  life  has  ever  been  a  close  oliserver  and  a  student 
of  men  and  events,  and  is  one  of  the  best  posted  men  in  Comanche 
county.  His  first  occupation  after  leaving  the  home  farm  was  driving 
stage  in  Missouri.  He  followed  this  about  a  year  and  in  1870,  he,  with 
some  associates,  drove  a  herd  of  sheep  west,  as  far  as  Ellsworth.  Kans., 
which  was  then  one  broad,  o])en  range  of  wild  and  unsettled  country. 
Here  he  bought  an  ox-train  outfit,  and  engaged  in  freighting  across  the 
plains.     He  hauled  the  material  for  the  first  building  that  was  erected 


IIIOGRAI'HICAL 


13; 


at  F.llinwood.  lie  was  at  Dodge  City  wlien  the  first  house  was  erected 
there.  When  he  went  to  western  Kansas,  biiftalii  were  ])lentiful  and 
marauding  bands  of  hostile  Indians  were  not  unusual.  He  came  in 
contact  with  Indians  at  times  and  hunted  buffalo  frequentl>,  and,  in 
fact,  made  buffalo  hunting  his  business  for  about  two  years  and  killed 
hundreds  of  them  for  their  hides.  He  then  located  ])crmaneutly  at 
Ellinwood,  where  he  was  engaged  in  the  cattle  business  a  few  years,  and 
in  1877  came  to  Comanche  county  and  established  a  cattle  ranch  on  Mule 
creek,  where  he  has  been  successfully  engaged  in  the  cattle  business  and 
has  met  with  very  good  success.  In  18S5.  when  Comanche  countv  was 
organized,  he  was  appointed  a  member  of  the  first  board  of  county  com- 
missioners, and  two  years  later  was  elected  sheriff  of  the  county,  serv- 
ing for  four  years  in  that  capacity.  That  was  a  time  when  a  man  who 
held  the  office  of  sheriff  in  a  frontier  Kansas  county  was  a  sheriff  in 
fact  as  well  as  in  naiue.  He  had  conditions  to  meet  that  took  courage 
and  endurance,  and  Siieriff  ;\lclntire's  lot  was  no  exception.  In  1902 
he  was  elected  to  the  legislature,  and  during  that  session  was  a  mem- 
ber of  se\eral  im])ortant  committees  and  was  influential  in  the  legisla- 
tion of  that  session.  In  18S7  he  was  again  elected  sheriff  of  Comanche 
county,  serving  two  years;  re-elected,  serving  two  years;  out  four  years; 
re-elected  twice;  being  elected  four  times  and  serving  a  total  of  eight 
years.  Mr.  Mclntire  has  been  a  lifelong  Democrat,  and  stands  high  in 
the  councils  of  his  party  in  the  state.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Christian 
church.  On  October  6.  1876,  Davis  T.  Mclntire  :md  Miss  .\ceniih  C. 
Bailey  were  united  in  marriage.  She  was  ]>'<vn  in  Indiana,  in  1861,  a 
daughter  of  Thomas  and  Kathcrine  (I'lummer)  Uailew  both  natives 
of  Indiana.  To  .Mr.  and  .Mrs.  Mclntire  have  been  born  three  children: 
Frank  M..  born  at  I^llinwood.  Kans.,  in  1880,  married  .Mice  l>aker,  in 
IQ02,  and  the\-  have  one  child,  .\udra.  Frank  M.  is  now  a  farmer  and 
stockman  in  Comanche  county.  The  second  child,  Thomas  j..  civil 
engineer.  Den\er,  born  in  1S88,  married  Margaret  I'.ooler.  in  i';o8,  and 
Florence,  the  youngest,  died  in  infancy. 

L.  B.  Kackley,  M.  D.,  a  |)rominent  jihysician  and  surgeon  of  Parsons, 
Kans.,  is  a  native  of  the  liuckcye  State.  Dr.  Kackley  was  born  in 
Noble  county,  Ohio,  May  2,  1852.  and  is  a  son  of  Dr.  j.  j.  and  Margaret 
(Keller)  Kackley,  natives  of  Ohio  and  of  (Jerman  <lescent.  The  Kackley 
family  first  settled  in  America,  at  a  place  which  later  became  known  as 
Kackley's  Mills,  near  Capron  Springs,  Va.  Dr.  J.  J.  Kackley  removed 
to  Iowa  in  1855,  and  settled  at  Mt.  .\yr,  Ringgold  county.  He  took  up 
a  homestead  in  that  section  of  Iowa,  and  practiced  medicine  at  Mt. 
Ayr  about  two  years,  when  he  removed  to  (nithrie  county,  Iowa,  where 
he  was  engaged  in  the  jjractice  of  his  profession  twelve  years.  He  then 
went  to  lienton  county,  Arkansas,  where  he  was  also  engaged  in  tiie 
l^ractice  of  medicine  about  a  year.  In  April,  1874,  he  came  to  Kansas, 
locatinir  at  Chetopa,  where  he  was  successfully  cngai^a-d  in  the  i)racticc 


138  BIOGRAPHICAL 

of  his  profession  until  his  retirement  about  six  years  ago.  He  and  his 
wife  now  reside  at  Chetopa,  where  they  are  enjoying  the  sunset  of  their 
lives.  He  is  eighty-nine  years  old  and  his  wife  is  eighty-five.  They 
are  both  in  the  best  of  health  and  live  alone  and  maintain  their  own 
home,  just  as  they  did  a  half  century  ago.  They  are  the  parents  of  two 
children:  Dr.  L.  B.  Kackley,  whose  name  introduces  this  sketch,  and 
Capitola,  now  the  wife  of  C.  B.  Carpenter,  Bartlesville,  Okla.  Dr.  L.  B. 
Kackley  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Iowa,  and  at  the  age  of 
eighteen  engaged  in  teaching,  and  followed  that  profession  four  years, 
and  in  1874  went  to  Arkansas  with  his  parents,  where  he  engaged  in  the 
drug  business.  In  1875,  when  the  family  removed  to  Chetopa,  Kans., 
he  brought  his  stock  of  drugs  with  him,  and  opened  a  drug  store  at 
Chetopa,  and  conducted  a  drug  store  there  for  three  years.  In  the  mean- 
time he  read  medicine  under  the  preceptorship  of  his  father  and  prac- 
ticed medicine  under  his  father's  supervision  until  1880,  when  he  entered 
the  Keokuk  ^^ledical  College.  Keokuk,  Iiiwa.  and  in  1881  returned  to 
Chetopa,  and  engaged  in  the  practice  of  medicine  with  his  father  again, 
remaining  there  until  the  fall  of  1890.  Dr.  Kackley  then  entered  the 
University  Medical  College,  Kansas  City,  Mo.,  \vhere  he  was  graduated 
March  17,  1891,  with  a  degree  of  Doctor  of  Medicine.  He  then  returned 
to  Chetopa  and  resumed  the  practice,  where  he. remained  until  1900, 
when  he  located  at  Parsons,  where  he  has  since  been  engaged  in  the 
practice.  \\'hile  Dr.  Kackley's  practice  is  of  a  general  nature,  he  gives 
special  attention  to  gynecology.  Dr.  Kackley  was  married  December 
24.  1876,  to  Miss  Lillie  F.  Reamer  of  Stonyman,  Va.  To  Dr.  and  Mrs. 
Kackley  have  been  born  three  children :  Cleo,  resides  in  South  America  ; 
Vivian,  a  graduate  of  the  Chetopa  and  Parsons  High  Schools,  and  for 
a  time  was  a  student  at  the  Kansas  University,  is  now  a  teacher  in  the 
Eastman  Business  College,  Poughkeepsie,  X.  Y.,  and  Walter  J.,  consult- 
ing engineer  and  superintendent  of  construction  for  the  Everglade  Land 
Sales  Company,  Miami,  Fla.  He  was  educated  in  the  public  .'schools  of 
Chetopa  and  Parsons,  graduating  from  the  Parsons  High  School  in  the 
class  of  1904.  and  later  entered  the  University  of  Kansas,  Lawrence, 
Kans.,  where  he  took  the  civil  engineering  course,  and  was  graduated  at 
the  head  of  his  class  in  1909.  He  has  had  an  unusually  successful 
career  in  his  chosen  field  of  work,  having  held  a  number  of  responsible 
positions  in  connection  with  various  kinds  of  engineering  and  construc- 
tion work.  He  accepted  his  present  position  in  igii.  He  was  married 
November  7,  1914.  to  Miss  Hilda  Marie  Baile,  of  Miami,  Fla.  Dr. 
Kackley  is  a  member  of  the  County,  State  and  American  Medical  Asso- 
ciations, and  has  served  as  president  of  the  County  Association.  He 
is  president  of  the  Local  Board  of  United  States  Pension  Examiners. 
He  is  a  Knights  Templar  Mason.  Dr.  Kackley  has  met  with  a  high 
degree  of  success  in  his  chosen  profession  and  has  a  large  practice.  He 
is  a  close  student  of  the  science  of  medicine  and  surger}-,  and  keeps 


BIOGRAPHICAL  I 39 

well  posted  in  the  advance  of  this  most  important  sphere  of  science, 
which  means  so  much  to  the  welfare  of  the  human  race. 

Thomas  R.  Jones,  i)ostmaster,  Girard.  Kans.,  has  figured  conspicuously 
in  iJK-  affairs  of  southeastern  Kansas  for  nearly  forty  years.  He  is  a 
native  of  \^'alcs,  horn  March  24,  1858,  and  was  brought  to  America  by 
his  parents,  Richard  E.  and  Ellen  (Griffith)  Jones,  when  he  was  less 
than  a  year  old.  The  family  located  in  the  coal  regions  of  Pennsylvania, 
where  the  father  was  engaged  as  a  miner,  and  later  followed  that  voca- 
tion in  Ohio  until  1875,  when  they  removed  to  Illinois,  and  a  year  later 
went  to  Missouri.  In  1877  Thomas  R.  Jones  came  to  Kansas  and  was 
employed  in  sinking  the  first  shaft  in  the  coal  fields  of  Crawford  county. 
He  worked  as  a  miner  until  1885,  when  he  became  foreman  fur  the 
Pittsburgh  &  Midway  Coal  Mining  Company,  continuing  in  that 
capacity  until  1903.  In  1902  he  was  elected  jjrobate  judge  of  Crawford 
county  on  the  Republican  ticket,  and  re-elected  in  1904  and  very  cajiably 
filled  that  office  for  two  terms.  He  then  engaged  in  the  flour  and  feed 
business  at  Girard,  for  a  time,  and  on  April  i,  1908,  was  appointed 
postmaster  at  Girard  and  in  the  management  of  that  office  has  showed 
the  same  capalilc  business  ability  which  had  characterized  his  i)ri\'ate 
and  public  career.  The  (iirard  postoffice  was  a  second  class  office 
when  he  became  postmaster,  and  on  July,  1913,  it  became  a  first  class 
office.  However,  it  was  returned  to  its  former  classification  as  a  second 
class  office  a  year  later.  Few  towns,  if  any,  in  the  United  States,  of 
the  size  of  Girard  has  ever  reached  as  high  a  classification  in  the  postal 
department.  Mr.  Jones  was  married  December  25,  1880,  to  Miss  Eliza- 
beth, daughter  of  James  and  Mary  (Bishop)  Tanyge,  natives  of  Corn- 
wall, luigland.  Mrs.  Jones  was  born  in  Maryland  and  came  to  Kansas 
with  lier  parents  in  1877.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Jones  have  been  boni  si.\ 
children:  Harry,  resides  in  Arizona;  i'Uhei.  married  Dr.  i'lank  J. 
McXaught,  Girard,  Kans.;  Thomas,  Jr.,  James  R.,  .\rthur  1 ).  and  Grace. 
Mr.  Jones  is  a  Republican  and  has  been  active  in  the  affairs  of  his  party, 
both  locally  and  in  state  i)olitics.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Ancient  Free 
and  Accepted  Masons,  Knights  of  Pythias,  independent  Order  of  Odd 
Fellows  and  the  Benevolent  and  I'rotective  Order  of  I-'lks.  The  family 
are  members  of  the  E])iscoiial  church. 

Richard  Fairfax  Mackey,  county  surveyor  of  Comanche  county,  has 
been  an  active  factor  in  the  development  of  southern  Kansas  and 
Oklahoma  for  over  thirty  years.  Mr.  Mackey  was  born  in  Cattaraugus 
county.  New  York,  January  20,  1867.  and  is  a  son  of  Oscar  J.  and  .Avis 
W.  (brew)  Mackey.  The  father  comes  from  an  old  New  York  State 
family,  and  was  born  October  17.  1841.  in  Cattaraugus  counly.  lie  was 
engaged  in  farming  and  operated  a  sawmill  in  his  nali\e  county  until 
1874,  when  he  came  to  Kansas,  locating  on  governmeiil  land  in  Edwards 
county.  He  was  one  of  the  organizers  of  that  county,  and  was  suc- 
cessfully engaged  in  farming  and  stock  raising  there  until  1902,  when  he 


140  BIOGKAI'HICAL 

removed  to  I'.entonville,  Ark.,  where  he  is  now  living  retired.  He  is  a 
veteran  of  the  Ci\il  war,  having  served  as  a  private  in  Company  ], 
'rhirty-se\-enth  regiment.  New  York  A-olunteer  infantry,  and  at  tlie  ex- 
piration of  about  one  year  was  discharged  on  account  of  disabilitx".  He 
is  a  Repubhcan,  and  a  member  of  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fel- 
lows. His  wife,  Avis  W.  Drew,  was  also  a  native  of  New  York,  born 
in  1842.  She  was  a  daughter  of  Xoah  Drew,  also  a  native  of  the  Empire 
State.  She  died  at  Bentonville,  Ark.,  November  20,  1907.  To  Oscar 
J.  and  Avis  W.  JMackey  were  born  six  children,  as  follows:  Isa,  born 
September  16,  1863,  died  September  20,  1912;  Richard  F.,  the  subject  of 
this  sketch ;  Ada,  born  November  20.  1870,  married  A.  J.  Henninger, 
farmer,  \\'oodward  county,  Oklahoma;  Emma,  born  ]\Iay  20,  1872,  died 
May  20,  1877;  Gilbert  E.,  born  January  26,  1874.  and  Frank  Odtll,  burn 
October  20,  1879.  Richard  F.  Mackey  was  educated  in  the  puljlic 
schools  of  New  York,  and  was  graduated  from  the  engineering  depart- 
ment of  Chamberlain  Institute,  Randolph,  N.  Y.,  in  the  class  of  1884. 
The  following  year  he  came  to  Kansas  and  located  in  Kiowa  county, 
and  for  about  two  years  was  engaged  as  a  ci\il  engineer  on  the  Chicago, 
Rock  Island  &  Pacific  railroad.  He  then  went  to  "No  Man's  Land" 
and  was  a  cowboy  until  1891,  when  he  received  the  appointment  of  clerk 
of  the  United  States  District  Court  at  Beaver,  Okla.,  and  held  that  office 
three  years.  During  that  time  he  also  published  a  newspaper  there 
known  as  the  "Territorial  Advocate,"  which  was  one  of  the  pioneer 
newspapers  of  Oklahoma.  In  1893,  when  the  Cherokee  strip  was  opened 
to  settlement,  he  took  a  claim  in  \\'oodward  county  and  engaged  in 
the  cattle  business,  remaining  there  nine  years.  During  this  time  he 
also  served  two  terms  as  deputy  county  surveyor  of  Woodward  county, 
and  was  postmaster  at  Cupid  for.,  eight  years.  By  the  way,  it  might 
be  mentioned  here,  that  he  gave  the  town  its  name.  In  1904  he  re- 
turned to  Kansas,  locating  at  Ashland,  and  served  as  county  surveyor 
of  Clark  county  six  years.  In  1907  he  compiled  the  published  the  first, 
and  t)nly  atlas  ever  published  of  Clark  county.  It  contains  accurate 
and  complete  maps  of  the  thirty-five  geographical  townships,  giving  the 
name  of  each  landholder  and  showing  the  amount  of  his  holdings.  It 
also  shows  school  houses,  highways,  railroads,  etc.  In  1910  Mr.  Mackey 
moved  to  Protection,  Kans.,  and  was  elected  county  surveyor  of 
Comanche  county,  and  has  held  that  office  to  the  present  time.  He  was 
united  in  marriage,  April  28,  1896,  at  Cupid,  Okla.,  to  Miss  Pearl  Irene,' 
daughter  of  James  M.  and  Jennie  (Stadley)  Valentine.  Mrs.  Mackey 
was  born  in  Morgan  county,  Illinois,  l-'eln-uary  20,  1880,  and  came  to 
Kansas  with  her  parents,  who  located  at  Madison,  in  1S84.  In  1885 
they  removed  to  Clark  cciunty  locating  on  governnicnl  land,  where  the 
father  took  an  active  part  in  the  early  organization  and  development  of 
the  county  and  was  successfully  engaged  in  farming  until  1903,  when 
he  engaged  in  business  at  .\shland.      He  and  his  wife  were  both  natives 


BIOGRAPHICAL  I4I 

of  Illinois.  They  were  the  parents  of  seven  children,  as  follows:  Pearl 
Irene,  the  wife  of  Richard  F.  Mackey  of  this  review;  Cloyd  John,  horn 
June  12,  1881  ;  Grace  lilton,  born  November  29,  1883;  Ciuy  Standley,  born 
October  19,  1885;  Edna  May,  born  October  9,  1887;  Bertha  Elmira,  born 
October  9,  1889,  and  Roy  Edwards,  born  Septemlier  19,  1891.  Mr.  and 
Mrs.  Mackey  have  one  child.  Avis  Isabella,  born  June  7,  1907.  at  Ash- 
land, Kans.  Mr.  Mackey  is  a  Thirty-second  decree  Scottish  Rite  Alason 
and  his  wife  is  a  member  of  the  Order  of  the  Eastern  Star.  They  are 
well  known  throu,q;hout  southwestern  Kansas  and  prominent  in  the 
community  where  they  reside. 

Charles  M.  Cole,  a  well  known  farmer  and  stockman  of  Cnldwatei". 
Kans..  is  a  pioneer  settler  of  Comanche  county.  He  was  born  on  a 
farm  in  Moniteau  county,  Missouri,  February  25,  i860,  and  is  a  son  of 
Parmenas  B.  and  Fannie  (Schutlar)  Cole,  both  natives  of  Missouri.  The 
father  was  born  in  Cooper  county,  Missouri,  in  1840,  and  was  a  son  of 
Samuel  Cole,  who  was  a  very  early  settler  of  Missouri  and  froin  whom 
Cole  county,  Missouri,  got  its  name.  Parmenas  Cole  is  now  a  prominent 
farmer  and  stockman  near  Medicine  Lodfje,  Kans.  Charles  M.  Cole  is 
one  of  a  family  of  eight  children,  as  follows:  Sallie,  married  Will  haul- 
ier in  i8g6,  and  died  in  1904;  Samuel  J.,  born  in  1862,  merchant,  Sharon, 
Kans.;  Ilolbert,  born  in  1864,  farmer  in  Cheyenne  county,  Oklahoma; 
Fannie,  born  in  1866,  married  Ed.  Goff  in  1885,  and  resides  at  Medicine 
Lodge,  Kans.;  P.  P>risco,  born  in  1868,  farmer,  I'.arber  county.  Kansas, 
Mamie,  born  in  1870,  now  the  wife  of  J.  M.  iUisJieai;,  Medicine  Lodge. 
Kans.,  and  James  Mtmroe,  born  in  1872,  farmer,  .\nderson  count}-, 
Kansas.  Charles  M.  Cole  received  his  education  in  the  i)ul)lic  schools 
of  Moniteau  county,  Missouri,  and  remained  on  the  farm  with  his  father 
until  1881,  when  they  came  to  Barber  county,  Kansas,  and  brought  with 
them  2,500  head  of  cattle.  Barber  county  at  that  time  was  open  range, 
and  sparsely  settled.  Here  Charles  M.  and  his  father  bought  land  and 
esla1)lished  a  cattle  ranch,  and  carried  on  an  extensive  c;>ttle  business 
until  1884,  when  Charles  M.  came  to  Comanche  coimty  and  established 
a  cattle  ranch  of  his  own  in  the  southern  part  of  the  coiuity.  lie  bouglit 
land,  engaged  extensively  in  tlie  cattle  business  and  ])rospore<l  and  now 
owns  a  splendid  ranch  of  3,500  acres,  all  fenced  and  well  improved  and 
is  one  of  the  ideal  stock  ranches  of  southern  Kansas.  He  makes  a 
specialty  of  Hereford  cattle  and  blooded  horses,  and  through  his  in- 
dustry and  ca]ial)le  business  management  has  become  one  of  the 
wealthy  men  of  Comanche  county.  He  now  resides  in  Coldwater,  where 
he  has  one  of  the  best  modern  residences  in  the  county.  Mr.  Cole  was 
united  in  marriage  December  25,  1878,  in  Moniteau  county.  Missouri, 
to  Miss  Minnie  Barbour,  the  marriage  ceremony  taking  place  in  tiie 
same  house  in  which  the  groom  was  born.  Mrs.  Cole  was  a  daughter 
of  W.  H.  and  Jane  (Compton)  Barbour,  residents  of  Moniteau  county, 
Missouri,   where    Mrs.   Cole   was   born   August   24,    1862.     Her   parents 


142  BIOGR-XPHICAL 

came  to  Missouri  from  Kentucky.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Cole  have  two 
children:  Myrtle  May,  born  January  2^.  1880,  married  George  ^IcDon- 
ald.  Coldwater,  Kans. ;  Parmenas  Marshall,  born  January  20.  1882,  mar- 
ried Alice  Clutz.  and  they  have  four  children,  Mildred,  Hallie,  Herman 
and  James  Lloyd.  The  Cole  famih-  are  well  known  and  highly  respected 
and  have  many  friends  in  Comanche  county.  Mr.  Cole  is  a  Democrat, 
but  so  far  in  life  has  had  neitlier  time  nor  inclination  to  aspire  to  hold 
political  office. 

Joseph  E.  Harbaugh,  county  clerk  of  Comanche  county,  is  a  Kansas 
pioneer.  He  was  born  in  Washington  county,  Iowa,  January  18.  1859, 
and  is  a  son  of  Eli  and  Catherine  (  Engle )  Harbaugh.  Eli  Harbaugh 
was  a  native  of  Ohio,  born  August  2^,  1825,  and  a  pioneer  of  Iowa,  as 
well  as  of  Kansas.  He  was  a  descendant  of  Maryland  parents  and  in 
early  life  worked  at  the  cabinet  makers'  trade  in  Ohio.  In  1849  '^^ 
went  to  Iowa  and  settled  in  Washington  county,  which  was  then  in 
the  far  \\'est.  He  remained  there  and  followed  farming  until  1883, 
when  he  came  to  Kansas,  and  in  1884  located  in  Comanche  county  and 
was  one  of  the  first  settlers  in  that  section  of  the  state.  He  located 
on  government  land,  remaining  about  two  years  when  he  removed  to 
Barber  county  and  bought  a  ranch  about  eight  miles  south  of  ^ledicine 
Lodge,  where  he  was  successfulh-  engaged  in  farming  until  his  death, 
March  17.  1910.  His  wife.  Catherine  Engle,  was  a  daughter  of  Nicholas 
Engle.  She  was  a  native  of  Germany,  and  came  to  this  country  with 
her  parents,  when  four  years  of  age.  She  died  in  1865.  Joseph  E.  Har- 
baugh is  one  of  a  family  of  nine  children,  as  follows :  Henry  Ford, 
^^'ellington,  Kans.;  Rufus  O.  (deceased);  Mary  A.,  married  U.  S.  Lan- 
dis.  Kiowa,  Kans.;  Joseph  E.,  the  subject  of  this  review;  Peter  F.,  re- 
sides in  Scott  county,  Arkansas;  Jacob  B.,  county  commissioner  of  Bar- 
ber county,  Kansas;  Julia  (deceased);  \\'illiam  Nicholas  (deceased); 
George  A.,  miller  and  banker.  Alva,  Okla.  Joseph  E.  Harbaugh  was 
reared  to  manhood  in  Washington  county,  Iowa,  where  he  attended  the 
public  schools,  and  in  1878  came  to  Kansas  with  his  brother,  Rufus, 
and  worked  on  a  farm  in  Sumner  county  until  1884.  He  then  went  to 
Comanche  county  and  located  on  government  land  in  \^alley  township. 
He  bought  additional  land,  from  time  to  time,  and  is  nmv  an  extensive 
land  owner  in  both  Comanche  and  Harper  counties,  and  in  addition  to 
his  farming  operations  he  operated  a  general  mercantile  store  at  Cold- 
water  for  some  time.  Mr.  Harbaugh  is  a  Democrat  and  has  always 
taken  a  keen  interest  in  political  and  public  affairs.  In  1896  he  was 
elected  county  clerk  of  Comanche  county,  serving  four  years.  He 
served  as  county  commissioner  from  1901  to  1904,  one  year  of  which 
he  was  chairman  of  the  board.  In  1907  he  was  elected  sheriff,  and  in 
1912  received  the  nomination  for  county  clerk  and  was  elected  and  in 
1914  he  was  re-elected  to  that  office,  and  is  now  serving  in  that  capacity. 
Throughout  his  long  public  career,  Mr.  Harbaugh  has  ever  been  faithful 


BIOGRAPHICAL  I43 

to  the  trust  imposed  in  liini  and  has  always  given  the  puljlic  the  best 
service  of  which  he  was  capaljle,  and  the  number  (if  times  tliat  he  has 
been  called  to  public  office  in  Comanche  ccnmty  bears  testimony  of  the 
esteem  in  which  he  is  held  by  his  fellow  citizens.  lie  is  probably  the 
best  known  man  in  Comanche  county.  Mr.  Ilarbaugh  was  married  May 
4,  1890,  at  Medicine  Lodge,  Kans.,  to  Miss  Belle  Moore,  a  native  of  Chase 
count}',  Kansas,  born  October  20.  1868,  of  pioneer  Kansas  parents,  who 
were  among  the  very  first  settlers  of  that  section  of  the  state.  To  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Harbaugh  have  been  born  eight  children:  Myrtle  A.,  mar- 
ried A.  L.  Becley.  farmer,  Comanche  county ;  Edward  1'..  married  Mabel 
T.  Guyer,  Comanche  county;  Fred  R.,  deputy  county  clerk,  Coldwatcr, 
Kans.;  Ada  M.,  married  II.  j.  .Settle,  farmer.  Lane  county,  Kansas; 
Mayme  I'aye,  Ned  \\  .,  (iaile  C.  and  Lillie  M.  The  family  are  members 
of  the  Christian  church  and  well  and  favorably  known  in  the  community. 
Mr.  Ilarbaugh  is  a  Thirty-second  degree  Mason,  being  a  member  of 
Wichita  Consistory. 

Lessen  Green  Pike,  a  Kansan  pioneer,  now  a  progressive  and  pros- 
])erous  farmer  and  stockman  of  Clark  county,  is  a  native  of  North  Caro- 
lina, lie  was  born  in  Chatham  county,  that  state,  January  11,  1851.  and 
is  a  son  of  Jesse  and  Mary  ( Hodgin )  I'ike,  both  natives  of  .Vorth  Caro- 
lina, and  of  English  ancestry.  The  father  died  in  1898  and  the  mother 
departed  this  life  in  1904.  Lessen  Green  Pike  is  one  of  a  family  of 
eight  children:  Louise,  deceased;  Sarah,  deceased;  Lossen  G.,  the  sub- 
ject of  this  sketch  ;  William  M.,  Solomon,  Nathan  V..,  a  sketch  of  whom 
appears  elsewhere  in  this  volume;  .\manda  and  Jnhn.  Lossen  (J.  Pike 
removed  from  his  native  state  to  Ilamiltun  cnunty,  Indiana,  in  1871. 
and  followed  farming  there  until  1880.  He  then  came  to  Kansas,  locat- 
ing in  Butler  county,  where  he  bought  an  improved  farm  and  remained 
on  it  for  five  years.  In  1885  he  sold  his  Butler  county  property  and 
remo\ed  to  Clark  county,  w  here  he  settled  on  government  land  in  Lex- 
ington township,  lie  still  owns  his  original  homestead,  to  which  he  has 
added  500  acres  of  valuable  farm  land,  where  he  is  extensively  engaged 
in  stock  business  and  diversified  farming.  He  is  one  nf  the  progressive 
and  up-to-date  farmers  and  stockmen  of  Clark  county.  Mr.  Pike  is  a 
Republican  and  jirominent  in  the  local  councils  of  his  ])arty,  and  takes 
a  keen  interest  in  public  affairs.  He  has  served  seven  years  as  a  mem- 
ber of  the  board  of  county  commissioners  of  Clark  county.  He  was 
united  in  marriage  January  24,  1873,  to  Miss  Martha,  daughter  of  James 
and  Kisuh  Slaley,  a  native  of  North  Carolina,  born  July  26.  1852. 
Four  children  were  born  to  this  union,  as  follows:  Charles,  born  Decem- 
ber 3,  1873;  Lizzie,  born  December  22,  1874,  died  in  infancy;  William 
Clarence,  born  August  26,  1878,  died  January  6.  1883.  and  Rose  .Altha,  born 
January  4.  1882.  a  graduate  of  the  .Xshland  High  School,  married  John 
D.  Denney,  March  31,  1906.  He  is  a  son  of  David  B.  Denney,  a  sketch 
of  whom  appears  in  this  volume.     To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Denney  have  been 


144  I!I(-r,R.\PHICAL 

born  one  cliild.  John  Paul,  liorn  February  to.  1908.  Mrs.  Pike  died 
January  16,  191 1.  She  was  a  member  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal 
church  all  her  life,  and  was  an  exemplary  Christian  woman.  Mr.  Pike 
is  also  a  member  of  the  IMethodist  Episcopal  church,  and  is  a  conscien- 
tious worker  in  the  cause  of  Christianity. 

Russell  S.  Russ,  vice-president  and  treasurer  of  The  Graves  l""arm 
Loan  Investment  Company.  Pittsburg.  Kans..  was  born  near  Hillsboro. 
Ohio.  February  9.  1864,  and  is  a  son  of  Dr.  Matthew  C.  and  Mary 
E.  (  Huftord  I  Russ.  The  father  was  a  practisin;^-  physician  at  Hillsboro. 
Ohio,  and  died  in  the  prime  of  manhood  when  Russell  S.  was  a  child 
of  three  years  of  age.  Russell  S.  Russ  attended  the  district  schools 
and  the  Hillsboro  High  School.  In  1882  he  came  to  Kansas  and  taught 
in  district  schools  about  seven  years,  and  in  the  meantime  continued 
to  improve  his  education  by  self-study.  In  1889  he  entered  the  Emporia 
State  Normal  College,  w'here  he  was  graduated  in  the  class  of  1892. 
After  serving  as  superintendent  of  public  schools  at  Madison.  Kans.. 
and  Osawatomie.  he  came  to  Pittsburg  as  superintendent  of  the 
Pittsburg  public  schools  in  1S97.  AN'hile  engaged  as  superintendent  of 
the  city  schools  of  Pittsburg  he  introduced  the  first  industrial  work  in  the 
public  schools  of  Kansas,  and  out  of  that  developed  the  State  Manual 
Training  Normal  School,  He  was  the  founder  of  the  State  ^lanual 
Training  Normal  School  and  was  its  first  president.  The  administration 
building  of  the  institution.  "Russ  Hall,"  was  named  in  honor  of  him. 
He  was  active  in  the  organization  and  development  of  that  institution 
until  his  resignation  in  191 1,  The  State  Manual  Training  Normal  School 
is  the  first  institution  of  the  kind  in  the  United  States,  and  its  growth 
has  been  phenomenal — over  twent\-five  hundred  students  being  enrolled 
this  year.  1914,  Students  from  all  parts  of  the  United  States  are  in 
attendance,  and  teachers  have  gone  forth  from  this  institution  to  all 
parts  of  the  country.  As  an  educator  and  an  organizer  Mr.  Russ  has 
few  peers  in  the  country.  He  left  his  imprint  on  practical  education  as 
well  as  in  the  broader  field  of  organized  educational  systems  and  in- 
stitutions. In  1911  he  became  vice-president  and  treasurer  of  the 
Graves  Farm  Loan  Investment  Company,  and  since  that  time  has  de- 
voted himself  to  accomplishing  things  in  the  financial  and  commercial 
world  rather  than  unselfish  devotion  to  the  cause  of  education.  While 
engaged  in  educational  work  Mr.  Russ  was  very  active  in  teachers'  in- 
stitute work  and  delivered  many  lectures  throughout  the  State  on  In- 
dustrial Education,  conducting  many  institutes.  He  is  a  pleasing  and 
forceable  orator  and  his  services  on  the  platform  arc  in  great  demand 
throughout  the  State  in  connection  with  educational  conventions.  For 
a  time  he  served  as  president  of  the  Teachers"  District  A.ssociation.  Mr. 
Russ  was  united  in  marriage  October  7,  1886,  to  Miss  Lillian  May 
Denison.  a  native  daughter  of  Kansas,  She  was  educated  in  the  public 
schools  and  the  state  normal  school  at  Emporia,  and  was  a  successful 


BIOGRAPHICAL  I45 

teacher  for  seven  years.  .Mr.  and  Mrs.  Russ  have  one  child,  Dr.  C.  M. 
Russ,  a  well  known  dental  surgeon  of  Pittsburg,  Kans.  He  is  a  graduate 
of  the  Pittsburg  High  School  and  \N'asliington  University,  St.  Louis. 
Mr.  Russ  takes  an  active  interest  in  educational  matters  and  is  a  pro- 
found student  of  social  and  industrial  progress.  He  is  a  inemlier 
of  the  Pittsburg  I,ibrary  P.oard  and  has  been  superintendent  of  Sunday 
school  of  the  Presbyterian  church,  of  which  he  and  Mrs.  Russ  are 
members.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Pittsburg  Masonic  Lodge,  No.  187, 
Pittsburg  Chapter,  Xo.  59.  R.  A.  M.,  Mt.  Joie  Commandry,  No.  29,  K.  T. 
of  Pittsburg,  of  which  he  is  past  eminent  commander.  He  also  holds 
membership  in  the  Modern  W'oodmen  of  America,  the  Benevolent  and 
Protective  Order  of  Elks  and  the  Pioneer  Home  Protective  Society,  of 
\vhich  he  is  a  director. 

David  B.  Denney,  of  Protection,  has  been  a  resident  f)f  the  Sunllower 
State  for  nearly  thirty-five  years  and  is  one  of  the  pioneers  of  Kansas. 
He  is  a  native  of  Indiana,  born  in  Monroe  county.  May  15,  1847,  and 
is  a  son  of  Dawson  and  Rebecca  (McNealey)  Denney.  The  father  was 
a  native  of  Kentucky,  b(irn  January  13,  1808,  of  North  Carolina  parents. 
He  went  to  Indiana  in  1825,  when  the  State  of  Indiana  was  less  than 
ten  years  old.  Ho  reinained  in  the  wilderness  of  Indiana  until  1855 
when  he  went  west  and  made  a  home  on  the  plains  of  Iowa,  settling 
in  Clark  county  on  government  land,  and  was  one  of  the  very  first 
settlers  in  that  part  of  Iowa.  He  remained  there  until  1885,  when  he 
came  to  Kansas  and  located  in  P~dwards  county,  where  he  spent  the 
remainder  of  his  life.  He  died  March  20,  1889,  at  the  advanced  age 
of  eighty-one.  His  wife,  Reliecca  McNealey,  was  a  daughter  of  \\'illiam 
and  Susan  McNealey.  They  were  natives  of  Tennessee,  where  she  was 
born  in  1814,  and  died  October  26,  i860.  Dawson  and  Rebecca  McNealey 
Denney  ware  the  ])arents  of  eleven  children  :  William  McNealey.  liorn 
in  1835,  died  in  1862;  James,  born  in  1841,  was  a  sergeant  in  Company 
D,  Thirty-ninth  regiment,  Iowa  infantry,  was  taken  ])risoner  and  died 
in  ]jrison  ;  the  third  born  was  a  son,  who  died  in  infancy;  David  P>., 
subject  of  this  sketch;  Samuel  Dawson,  born  in  1853;  John  T..,  born  in 
1854;  Susan  Margaret  (deceased);  Sarah  (deceased);  Mary  E.  (de- 
ceased); Rebecca  E.  (deceased),  and  Eliza  E.  (deceased).  David  B. 
Denney  was  a  lad  of  eight  years  when  his  ])arents  went  to  Iowa,  and 
here  he  attended  the  pioneer  schools  of  those  days  and  grew  In  manhood 
in  the  midst  "i  the  jjrimitive  surrounding  of  the  new  country;  he  was 
still  a  mere  boy  when  the  Civil  war  came  on,  and  in  response  to  the 
call  for  voltinteers  he  enlisted  in  Conijiany  H.  Xinth  Iowa  cavalry,  and 
served  for  two  and  ;i  half  years.  He  had  an  active  military  career  and 
saw  a  great  deal  of  hard  service,  but  escajied  unwounded.  However,  his 
horse  was  shot  from  under  him  on  one  occasion  and  he  had  several 
narrow  escaj^es  common  to  the  lot  of  a  soldier  in  active  service.  .\t  the 
close  of  the  war  he  returned  to  his  Iowa  home,  where  he  fcillowod  farming 


146  BIOGRAPHICAL 

until  1881  when  he  came  to  Kansas,  locating  in  Sumner  county,  where 
he  remained  until  1885  when  he  went  to  Comanche  county  and  took  up 
government  land  seven  miles  north  of  Protection.  He  sold  that  place 
in  1894  and  bought  land  in  Bluff  creek  valley.  Clark  county,  where  he 
now  has  a  splendid  farm  of  1.300  acres,  all  well  improved  and  under 
a  high  state  of  cultivation.  He  is  one  of  the  extensive  alfalfa  growers 
of  that  section  of  the  state,  and  is  an  all-around  twentieth  century  farmer 
and  stock  raiser.  Mr.  Denney  was  married  September  11.  1874,  to  ^liss 
Mary  C,  daughter  of  John  and  Catherine  (Joy)  Davenport.  Mrs.  Denney 
was  born  in  Iowa  June  11.  1846;  her  parents  Avere  natives  of  Pennsyl- 
vania and  very  early  Ipwa  settlers.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Denney  have  been 
born  ten  children,  as  follows ;  Ina,  born  April  9,  1876,  died  April  10,  1881  ; 
Munford  E..  born  September  11,  1877;  John  Dawson,  born  October  26, 
1879;  the  fourth,  a  son.  died  in  infancy;  INIary  C.  born  October  9,  1883, 
died  July  11.  1884;  Blanche  L.,  born  October  i,  1884,  now  the  wife  of  C. 
C.  Towner ;  the  seventh  and  eighth  born  were  sons,  who  died  in  infancy ; 
Sarah  lola,  born  October  8.  1890,  and  William  Garfield,  born  February 
19,  1892.  Mr.  Denney  is  a  Republican  and  one  of  the  substantial  citizens 
of  Clark  cnunty.    The  family  are  members  of  the  Christian  church. 

Charles  E.  Harden,  a  pioneer  and  prosperous  farmer  and  stockman 
of  Clark  county,  is  a  native  of  Indiana,  born  in  Clay  county.  August  26. 
1863.  He  is  a  son  of  Nathan  and  Emeretta  (Arnold)  Harden.  Nathan 
Harden  was  born  in  Knox  county,  Ohio,  of  Pennsylvania  parentage, 
March  i,  1831.  He  removed  to  Indiana  in  an  early  day  and  from  there 
to  Iowa  in  1869.  In  1884  he  came  to  Kansas  and  located  on  government 
land  in  Bluff  creek  valley,  Clark  county,  being  one  of  the  first  settlers 
of  that  section  of  Kansas.  He  was  active  and  influential  in  Clark  county 
and  in  1895  removed  to  Oklahoma,  locating  at  Shawnee,  where  he  died 
the  same  year.  He  was  a  Republican  and  a  member  of  the  Christian 
church.  He  was  married  three  times,  his  first  wife  being  Miss  Emeretta 
Arnold,  to  whom  nine  children  were  born,  as  follows :  Mary  Ella,  de- 
ceased;  Jennie  ^lay.  deceased;  Lusetta.  deceased;  Charles  E.,  the  sub- 
ject of  this  sketch;  Sue  M..  married  F.  E.  Lewis,  farmer,  Clark  county; 
Sarah  Belle,  married  ^^'m.  \'an  Sittert,  merchant,  Cleveland.  Ohio; 
Henry  L..  farmer,  Comanche  county,  Kansas,  and  a  daughter  who  died 
in  infancy.  The  wife  and  mother  of  these  children  died  December  19, 
1873.  and  two  years  later  the  father  married  Ella  Hammond,  who  died 
in  1877.  no  children  being  Ijorn  to  this  union.  In  1878  he  married  \'iola 
J.  McDonald  and  one  child  was  born  to  this  union.  Nathan.  Charles 
E.  Harden  was  a  child  of  six  years  when  his  parents  removed  from 
Indiana  to  Iowa.  He  attended  school  in  the  Hawkeye  state  and  re- 
mained on  the  farm  of  his  father  until  1884.  when  the  family  came  to 
Kansas,  locating  in  Clark  county.  Young  Harden  located  on  govern- 
ment land  and  began  farming  and  stock  raising  for  himself.  For  the 
first  few  years  he  lived  in  a  sod  house  and  as  a  pioneer  did  his  part 


BIOGRAPHICAL  1 47 

towards  sulKhiing  Ihe  unhrnkcn  plains  of  llic  Soiuhwest,  and  is  re- 
warded by  the  ownership  of  2,000  acres  of  some  of  the  finest  land  in 
Clark  county.  lie  is  one  of  the  successful  stockmen  of  that  section. 
He  raises  cattle,  horses  and  blooded  swine,  and  has  been  unusually 
successful  in  this  line  of  endeavor.  Mr.  Harden  was  united  in  marriage 
February  11,  1890,  at  Coldwater,  Kans.,  to  Miss  .\gnes,  daughter  of 
William  .\.  and  Margaret  (Richardson)  Gilchrist.  Mrs.  Harden  is  a 
native  of  Pennsylvania,  born  in  Mercer  county,  March  4,  1863,  and  was 
a  teacher  for  six  years  prior  to  her  marriage.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Harden 
liave  been  born  four  children,  as  follows:  Chester  X.,  born  November  23, 
1890;  Laura  Ethel,  born  December  27,  1892;  Clarence  James,  born  Feb- 
ruary 23,  1895.  and  Paul  Robert,  born  March  14,  1897.  Mr.  Harden  is 
a  member  of  tlie  Modern  Woodmen  of  America  and  is  a  Republican. 

Porter  Seacat,  Ashland,  Kans. — Over  forty  years  have  passed  since 
this  pioneer  farmer  and  stockman  first  set  foot  on  the  green  rolling 
prairies  of  the  Sunflower  State.  He  was  born  in  Harrison  county.  In- 
diana, June  10.  1858,  and  is  a  son  of  Peter  and  Catherine  Ann  (Himes) 
Seacat.  The  father  was  also  a  native  of  Indiana,  born  in  Harrison  county, 
l-"el)ruary  26,  1821,  a  son  of  Peter  Seacat,  a  native  of  (lermany  and  an 
Indiana  pioneer.  Catherine  Ann  Himes,  the  mother  of  our  subject,  was 
a  native  of  Pennsylvania,  born  April  i,  1828.  In  1872  Peter  Seacat  re- 
moved to  Kansas  with  his  family  and  settled  in  Cowley  county,  where 
he  followed  farming  until  his  death,  September  18,  1896.  his  wife  having 
passed  away  April  18,  1882.  They  were  the  parents  of  ten  children, 
Charles,  born  October  2^^,  1847,  died  February  22,  1883;  Harden,  born 
August  31,  1849,  died  November  20,  1873;  Penelo])e.  1)orn  September  8. 
1851.  married  John  Devore.  farmer.  Winfield.  Kans.;  Decter,  born  Oc- 
tober 12,  1853,  married  John  Marks,  farmer,  Winfield,  Kans.;  Thornton, 
born  December  i,  1855,  died  September  21,  1896;  Porter,  the  sultject  of 
this  sketch;  Fountain,  born  July  27.  i860;  Cassius  M.,  l)"rn  July  29, 
1862;  P.lanche,  born  January  22,  1866,  married  W.  J.  Mosler,  farmer, 
Winfield,  Kans.,  and  I'lorcnce,  born  .August  7,  1868,  now  the  widow  of 
M.  M.  N'andiver.  Porter  Seacat  came  to  Kansas  with  his  parents  in 
1872  ;iud  s])cnt  tJie  first  twelve  years  in  this  state  in  Cowley  county. 
In  1884  he  came  to  Clark  county  and  located  on  government  land  in 
I'lutT  creek  valley,  fourteen  miles  northeast  of  Ashland.  This  was  the 
year  beffire  Clark  county  was  organized.  Mr.  Seacat  took  a  prominent 
part  in  the  early  day  organization,  and  since  coming  to  this  section  of 
Kansas  has  been  a  ])rominent  fact(}r  in  its  developiueiit  and  welfare.  He 
has  devoted  himself  to  farming  and  stock  raising  and  has  succeeded  to 
a  marked  degree,  and  is  one  of  the  prosperous  men  of  Clark  county.  He 
has  added  to  his  original  homestead  and  now  owns  over  3,000  acres  of 
.some  of  the  finest  land  in  the  county,  all  well  improved  and  adapted  to 
his  purposes,  Mr.  Seacat  was  united  in  marriage  at  Winfield,  Kans., 
July  5,   i88().  lo  Miss  Kisiah,  daughter  of  John  and  Cynthia  (  LaswellJ 


148  BIOGRAPHICAL 

Bookwalter.  She  is  a  native  of  Indiana,  born  December  17,  1862.  To 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Seacat  have  been  born  four  children,  as  follows:  Gracia, 
born  in  Clark  county  July  15,  1887,  a  graduate  of  the  state  normal 
school  at  Emporia.  Kans..  class  of  1913;  Robert,  born  April  28,  1889. 
graduated  from  the  Kansas  Wesleyan  Business  College  in  the  class  of 
1910;  Fred,  born  October  10.  1890,  and  Dona,  born  January  29,  1895, 
educated  at  the  State  Xormal  School  of  Emporia.  Kans.  Mr.  Seacat  is 
a  Republican,  but  has  never  aspired  to  hold  political  office.  He  is  well 
known  in  his  county,  where  he  is  highly  respected  and  has  the  confidence 
of  his  many  friends  and  neighbors. 

Henry  F.  Fox,  a  pioneer  farmer  and  stockman  of  Clark  county,  is  a 
native  of  Xorth  Carolina.  He  was  born  in  Chatham  county,  that  state, 
March  4,  185 1,  and  is  a  son  of  William  H.  and  Alvira  (Dixon)  Fox, 
natives  of  Xorth  Carolina.  Henry  F.  Fox  remained  in  his  native  state 
until  he  was  nineteen  years  of  age.  when,  in  1870.  the  family  removed 
to  Saline  county,  Illinois,  and  four  3-ears  later  to  Putnam  count}',  Indiana, 
where  he  remained  until  1879,  when  he  came  to  Kansas,  locating  in 
Butler  county  and  followed  farming  there  until  1887.  He  then  removed 
to  Clark  county,  and  located  on  government  land  in  Blutt  creek  valley. 
^^'hen  he  settled  in  Clark  county  the  country  was  new  and  he  passed 
through  the  many  hardships  and  discouragements  incident  to  the  life  of 
the  early  pioneer  on  the  plains  of  Kansas.  He  lived  in  a  sod  house 
for  a  number  of  years,  and  finally  success  came  to  him  after  many  trials 
and  disappointments,  and  he  is  now  one  of  the  substantial  farmers  and 
stockmen  of  the  count}'.  ]Mr.  Fox  is  a  Republican,  and  has  served  as 
justice  of  the  peace  for  one  year.  He  was  united  in  marriage  March 
24,  1872.  to  Miss  Lydia.  daughter  of  Harrison  and  Mary  (Johnson) 
Crater,  a  native  of  Indiana,  born  in  Morgan  county,  March  24.  1857.  To 
]\Ir.  and  Mrs.  Fox  have  been  born  six  children,  as  follows:  William 
Harrison,  a  sketch  of  whom  follows  this  article ;  Anna  Jane,  born  in 
1876;  John  .\lbert.  born  in  1878;  Charles  Gideon,  born  in  1880;  Preston 
Garfield,  deceased,  and  a  son.  who  died  in  infancy. 

William  Harrison  Fox,  a  well  known  farmer  and  stockman  of  Lexing- 
ton township,  Clark  county,  is  a  native  of  Indiana.  He  was  born  on 
a  farm  in  Morgan  county,  January  17,  1874,  and  is  a  son  of  Henry  F. 
Fox.  a  sketch  of  whom  precedes  this  article.  AN'illiam  Harrison  Fox 
came  to  Kansas  with  his  parents,  who  settled  in  Butler  county,  when 
he  was  five  years  old,  and  in  1887  they  removed  to  Clark  county.  Young 
Fox  attended  the  public  schools  in  Butler  and  Clark  counties  and  later 
^took  a  course  in  the  Wichita  Business  College.  He  then  taught  school 
in  Clark  county  for  six  3'ears,  and  in  1905  was  elected  county  clerk  of 
Clark  county,  and  re-elected  to  that  office  in  1907.  He  has  invested 
in  land  from  time  to  time,  and  now  owns  a  well  improved  farm  of  560 
acres  in  Bluff  creek  valley,  where  he  is  successfully  engaged  in  farming 
and  stock  raising.     Mr.  Fox  was  married  April  12.  1905.  to  ]\Iiss  Anna 


BIOGRAPHICAL  I49 

Josephine,  daughter  of  C.  B.  D.  and  Agnes  (Snow)  Austin.  Mis.  Fox 
is  a  native  of  Indiana,  born  April  21,  1874,  and  was  a  teacher  in  Clark 
county  for  four  years  prior  to  her  marriage.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Fox  are 
members  of  the  Presbyterian  church  and  are  prominent  in  the  com- 
munity. Mr.  Fox  is  a  Repul)lican  and  active  in  the  pcilitical  affairs 
of  the  county. 

Nathan  E.  Pike,  one  of  the  first  settlers  of  Clark  county,  who  has  been 
identified  with  the  development  of  that  section  of  the  state  for  over 
thirty  years,  is  a  native  of  North  Carolina.  He  was  born  in  Chatham 
county,  February  14,  1S63,  a  son  of  Jesse  and  Mary  (Hodgin)  Pike,  both 
members  of  old  North  Carolina  families,  of  English  descent.  The 
father  died  April  11,  1898,  and  the  mother,  April  22,  1904.  They  were 
the  parents  of  eight  children:  Louise  (deceased);  Sarah  (deceased); 
I^ossen  G..  a  sketch  of  whom  appears  in  this  volume;  William  M., 
Solomon.  Nathan  E.,  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  Amanda  and  John,  In 
1882,  Nathan  E.  Pike  removed  from  his  North  Carolina  home  to  Indiana, 
where  he  followed  farming  one  year,  and  in  1883  came  to  Kansas  and 
for  two  years  lived  in  Lyon.  Marion  and  Butler  counties.  In  18S5  he 
located  on  government  land  in  Clark  county  and  showed  his  good  judg- 
ment in  the  selection  of  a  homestead  in  the  fertile  Buffalo  creek  valley, 
where  he  has  since  been  engaged  in  farming  and  stock  raising.  During 
his  first  ten  years  in  Clark  county  he  met  with  many  of  the  discouraging 
features  which  invariably  confronted  the  pioneers  of  the  ])lains ;  he  lived 
in  a  dugout  and  exi)erienced  many  inconveniences  and  privations,  but 
has  been  amply  rewarded  for  his  early  day  sacrifices,  and  now  owns 
one  of  the  best  farms  in  the  county,  and  is  one  of  the  prosperous  farmers 
and  stock  raisers  of  that  section.  Mr.  I 'ike  was  married  ()ctober  4, 
1885.  in  r.utler  county,  Kansas,  to  Miss  Nancy  Jane,  daughter  of  Isaac 
and  Mary  (Wood)  Lamb.  Mrs.  Pike  was  born  in  Clay  county.  Illinois. 
October  26,  1868.  Her  father  was  a  native  of  Indiana  and  her  mother  of 
Tennessee.  They  were  the  parents  of  eleven  children:  Martha  Ann 
(deceased) ;  Nancy  Jane,  Alfred  Grant,  Charles  A.,  Priscilla  May,  Hattie 
W.,  Minnie,  Bartlcy,  Henry,  George  and  Norah.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Pike  have  been  born  nine  children.  Charles  Harrison,  born  October  5, 
1886;  Ethel  Flora,  born  June  21,  1888;  Mary  Alice,  born  October  11. 
1889;  Lydia  Ella,  born  October  28,  1893;  Rose  Hattie,  born  March  5, 
1895;  Nina  May.  born  March  25,  1897;  Henry  Clay,  born  December  12, 
1900;  Jennie  Amanda,  born  April  i,  1904,  and  Cecil  Eugene,  born  De- 
cember 9.  I90f').  Mr.  Pike  is  a  Democrat,  and  one  of  the  substantial 
citizens  of  Clark  county. 

Elias  Albert  Wasser,  the  veteran  editor  of  tJie  Girard  "Press."  has 
wielded  the  editor's  i)en  in  the  Sunflower  State  for  nearly  a  half  cen- 
tury, and  fifty-four  years  of  his  life  has  been  spent  in  the  newspaper 
business.  He  is  a  native  of  the  Keystone  State,  born  in  Schuylkill 
countv.   Pcnnsvlvania.   Mav   12.   1848.     His  parents  were   Elias  C.   and 


150  BIOGRAPHICAL 

Catherine  (Moser)  W'asser,  both  natives  of  Penns3lvania,  and  of  pioneer 
Pennsylvania  stock.     The  father  died  in  his  native  state  in  the  prime 
of  manhood,  and  the  mother  came  west,  making  her  home  with  the  sub- 
ject of  this  sketch  until  her  death.    The  Wasser  family  consisted  of  four 
children :  Lucy  R..  married  Adam  Krape,  Lena,  111. ;  Elias  A.,  the  sub- 
ject of  this  review;  Kate  A.    (deceased),  and   Philip  H.     Elias  Albert 
Wasser   attended   the   public   schools   until   thirteen   years   of   age,   and 
then  took  a  course  in   Penn  Hall  Academy,   Penn   Hall.  Pa.     He  then 
entered  the  office  of  the  "Reporter,''  at  Aaronsburg,  Pa.,  and  began  the 
printer's  trade.     This  paper  was  published  partly  in  English  and  partly 
in  German,  andyoung  \\'asser  soon  learned  to  set  type  as  readily  in  one 
language  as  in   the  other.     He   remained   with   that   paper  about  three 
years.     He  then  went  to  Bellefonte,  Pa.,  and  worked  as  a  journeyman 
printer  about  two  years,  when  he  went  to  Oil  City,  Pa.     This  was  at 
the  time  of  the  great  oil  excitement  in  that  section,  and  he  worked  at 
his  trade  there  until  1868,  when  he  came  to  Kansas.     He  first  located 
at  Crawfordsville,  now  an  extinct  town,  and  remained  there  but  a  few 
months,   when   he   went   to    Fort    Scott   and   became   a    member   of  the 
firm  of  Warner,  Winter  &  ^^'asser,  publishers  of  the  Fort  Scott  "Press." 
In  1869  he  and  Mr.  Warner  bought  their  partner's  interest  and  moved 
their  equipment  to  Girard.     This  was  just  before  the  railroad  was  built 
to  that  point,  and  here  they  founded  the  Girard  "Press,"  of  which  Mr. 
Wasser  has  since  been  editor.     This  was  the  first  permanent  newspaper 
in  Crawford  county,  however,  there  had  been  an  issue  or  two  of  another 
paper  at   Girard   a  few   weeks  before  the   "Press"   was   founded  there. 
Later  Mr.  A\'arner  sold  his  interest  to  Mr.  A.  P.  Riddle,  who  afterwards 
became  lieutenant  governor  of  the  state.     This  partnership  existed  for 
a  period  of  about  twelve  years,  when  Riddle  sold  his  interest  to  D.  C. 
Flint,  and  eleven  years  later,  the  latter  sold  out  to  Mr.  Wasser,  who  then 
took  his  son,  Albert  M.  \\'asser,  into  partnership,  under  the  firm  name 
of  Wasser  &   Son.     This  partnership  continued   until  the  death  of  the 
son,  April  30.  1912.  and  since  that  time  his  widow  has  been  Mr.  Wasser's 
partner  in  the  paper.     The  policy  of  the  "Press"  has  been  consistently 
Republican  since  its  founding,  and  Mr.  Wasser  has  ever  been  an  advo- 
cate of  the  policies  and  princii^les  of  the  grand  old  party.     The  entire 
plant  was  destroyed  by  fire,  April  14.  1871.     However,  the  paper  did  not 
miss  an  issue.     Mr.  Wasser  is  today  the  oldest  newspaper  editor  in  the 
state  of  Kansas,  and  is  still  as  active  in  the  publication  of  his  paper  as 
ever.     His  newspaper  plant  is  well  equipped,  and  he  does  a  large  job 
printing  business,  as  well  as  publishing  the  paper.     He  has  perhaps  the 
best  collection  of  newspaper  files  to  be  found  in"  any  newspaper  office 
in  the  state.     He  has  on  file,  and  well  bound,  copies  of  every  newspaper 
published  in  Crawford  county,     ^^'hen  the  "Press''  office  was  destroyed 
by  fire,  his  newspaper  files  were  in  the  bindery  and  thus  escaped  the 
fate  of  the  |>lant.     ^Ir.  Wasser  was  appointed  postmaster  of  Girard  by 


BIOGRAPHICAL  15! 

President  Arthur,  and  served  eight  years  under  tliat  ai)pointment  and 
was  reaijpointed  after  a  lai)se  of  four  years,  by  President  McKinley  and 
served  until  1902.  Mr.  Wasser  was  united  in  marriage  March  15,  1874, 
to  Miss  Mary  Olive  Poole,  and  to  this  union  were  born  four  children : 
Albert  M..  who  was  his  father's  partner  in  business,  and  died  April  30, 
iyi2;  Ida  May,  general  deliver}-  clerk  in  the  Girard  postoffice ;  Claude  P., 
who  was  killed  February  24,  1913,  at  the  age  oi  thirty-four,  while  per- 
forming his  duty  as  a  member  of  the  fire  dejjartment  of  Oklahoma  City, 
Okla..  and  Louise,  who  resides  at  home.  Mr.  Wasser  is  a  member  of 
the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  P'ellows  and  belongs  to  the  Lutheran 
church.  During  his  career  he  has  been  a  staunch  supporter  of  the 
policy  of  prohibition  and  women's  suffrage,  and  has  lived  to  see  many 
of  the  measul'es  which  he  has  supported  with  his  time,  talent  and 
mone\-.  brought  to  a  practical  and  successful   realization. 

John  J.  Dorsey,  a  substantial  farmer  and  stockman  of  Clark  county, 
is  a  Kenluckian.  lie  was  born  on  a  farm  in  Larue  coimty,  March  20, 
1848.  The  birthplace  of  Alu-aham  Lincoln  is  only  eighteen  miles  from 
where  Mr.  Dorsey  was  born.  John  J.  Dorsey  is  a  .son  of  .Anderson  J. 
and  Polly  ( I  lerrington )  Dorsey,  the  former  a  native  of  Washington 
county.  Kentucky,  born  March  if),  181 1,  of  Virginia  parents.  He  was  a 
])lanter  all  his  life  and  owned  slaves  before  the  war.  Tie  died  at  his 
Kentucky  home  in  1895.  His  wife,  Polly  Herrington.  was  a  daughter 
of  David  and  Sarah  Cioodman  Herrington.  .She  was  born  in  Harden 
county.  Kentucky.  May  20,  1822,  and  died  February  23,  1909.  To  .An- 
derson J.  and  Polly  (  i  lerrington)  Dorsey  were  born  nine  children:  John 
J.,  the  sul)ject  of  this  sketcli ;  Charles,  born  Scptcm1)cr  20.  1849;  Jnella, 
married  C.  C.  l-ieesor ;  Mary  Thomas,  married  Charles  Dougherty;  James 
.\.;  W'ildora.  married  Lloyd  Bland,  farmer,  Sumner  county,  Kansas; 
Julia  .\..  now  the  widow  of  Jacob  IViguc ;  Walter  W.,  and  Magnolia, 
married  William  Patterson.  John  J.  Dorsey  was  reared  to  manhood  i?i 
his  native  State  and  educated  in  the  ])ul)lic  schools.  In  1884  he  came 
to  Kansas,  driving  the  entire  distance  from  Kentucky  with  a  team  and 
wagon.  He  remained  in  Sumner  and  Kingman  counties  about  three 
years  and  in  1887  located  on  government  land  in  Clark  county,  about 
fi\c  miles  north  of  .\shland.  In  i(jo6  he  bought  a  farm  one  and  one-half 
miles  north  of  .Sitka,  where  he  has  since  been  successfully  engaged  in 
farming  and  stock  raising.  He  has  a  well  improved  farm  and  is  one  of 
the  i)rosperous  agriculturists  of  the  county.  Mr.  Dorsey  is  a  Democrat, 
and  since  coming  to  Clark  county  has  figured  conspicuously  in  the  local 
councils  of  his  i)arty.  In  1895  he  was  elected  register  of  deeds  of 
Clark  county  and  re-elected  to  succeed  himself  in  1897,  and  cajiably 
held  that  ofiice  for  four  years.  On  .August  14.  1870.  Mr.  Dorsey  was 
united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Lucy,  daughler  of  (labriel  ,ind  l'"lizabeth 
Duvall.  Mrs.  Dorsey  was  born  in  llardin  county,  Kentucky,  December 
I,  1852,  and  they  have  live  children,  as  follows:  Robert  .\.,  a  sketch  of 


152  BIOGRAPHICAL 

whom  follows  this  article;  Gabriel  Duvall,  born  February  22,  1874; 
Aldora.  born  January  21.  1876;  Thomas  Martin,  born  August  25.  1878, 
and  Ama  Ilynds,  born  ^March  11,  1881.  Mr.  Dorsey  is  a  member  of  the 
Ancient  Free  and  Accepted  Masons,  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd 
Fellows  and  is  a  Presbyterian. 

J.  T.  Leonard,  president  of  the  First  National  Bank,  Girard,  Kans.,  is 
a  prominent  factor  in  the  financial  affairs  of  southeastern  Kansas.     Al- 
though apparently  a  young  man,  in  the  prime  of  life,  Mr.  Leonard  has 
been  identified  in  a  commercial  and  financial  way  with  Crawford  county 
for  over  forty-two  years.     He  was  born  at   Beardstown,  Cass  county, 
Illinois,  January  12.  1854,  and  is  a  son  of  E.  B.  and  Mary  R.  (Miller) 
Leonard,  the  former  a  native  of  Illinois  and  of  pioneer  Illinois  parents, 
who  came  from  Bergen.  X.  J.,  and  located  in  Illinois  at  an  early  day.  in 
the  settlement  of  that  state.     I\Iary  R.  Miller,  the  mother,  was  a  native 
of  Covington,  Ky.,  and  a  descendant  of  old  \'irginia  stock.     E.  B.  Leon- 
ard was  a  successful  business  man  and  interested  in  various  enterprises 
during  his  career,  in  which  he  was  uniformly  successful.     He  removed 
to  Joplin,  Mo.,  in  1876,  and  was  successfully  engaged  in  business  there 
during  the  remainder  of  his  life ;  his  wife  is  also  now  deceased.     The 
Leonard  family  consisted  of  seven  children,  six  of  whom  are  now  li\ing, 
as  follows:     Anna,  now  the  wife  of  H.  P.  Grund,  a  pioneer  merchant  of 
Girard;  J.    M..   resides   at   Joplin;   J.   T.,    whose   name   introduces   this 
sketch ;  Maria,  now  the  wife  of  C.  M.  Spring,  wholesale  druggist,  Joplin, 
Mo. ;    Lizzie,    married    Edward    Porter,   Joplin,    ^lo..    and    is    now    de- 
ceased ;  Arthur  E..  resides  at  Kansas  City,  Mo.,  and  Susie  C,  the  wife  of 
Arthur  H.  W'aite,  president  of  the  Joplin   Xational  Bank,  Joplin,   Mo. 
J.  T.  Leonard  received  his  education  in  the  public  schools  of  Illinois,  and 
at  the  age  of  fifteen  became  a  member  of  an  engineer  corps,  as  chain 
man  and  was  engaged  in  railroad  survey  work  in  various  parts  of  Illiiniis 
and  Indiana.     He  was  promoted  to  rodman  and  remained  in  this  work 
for  two  years.     He  resigned  while  his  party  was  engaged  in  work  at 
Fort  Wayne,  Ind.,  and  returned  to  Beardstown  and   engaged   in  work 
in  a  merchant  tailoring  store,  in  which  his  father  had  purchased  an  in- 
terest.    In   1872  he  received  the  appointment  to   the  Annapolis   Xaval 
Academy,  but  was  a  few  months  past  the  maximum  age,  and  was  unable 
to  enter  that  institution,  and  in  the  fall  of  that  year  came  to  Kansas, 
locating  at  Girard,  and  entered  the  employ  of  H.  P.  Grund,  a  merchant 
of  that  place,  who  had  been  a  former  clerk  of  young  Leonard's  father 
back  in  Illinois.     In  1877  young  Leonard  became  a  partner  in  business 
with  Mr.  Grund.     .\ugust  2.  1877,  when  the  Merchants  &  Farmers  Bank 
of   Girard   was   organized.   Mr.    Leonard   became   cashier  of  that   insti- 
tution.    However,  he  retained   his   interest   in   the  mercantile   business 
with  Mr-.  Grund  until  1878,  when  he  engaged  in  the  mercantile  business 
in  partnership  with  George  Kincaid,  under  the  firm  name  of  Kincaid  & 


BIOGRAPHICAL  1 53 

Leonard.  This  business  arrangement  continued  until  October  6,  i8Si, 
when  he  purcliased  Mr.  Kincaid's  interest  in  the  business  and  conducted 
the  business  in  his  own  name  for  ten  days,  when  a  fire  started  in  an  ad- 
joining building  and  destroyed  his  stock,  causing  almost  a  total  loss, 
which  was  only  partially  covered  by  insurance.  February  9.  1882.  when 
the  Citizens'  liank  was  organized,  Mr.  Leonard  became  cashier  of  that 
institution.  This  bank  grew  out  of  the  reorganization  of  thi;  banking 
house  of  James  H.  Booth.  On  May  8.  1884,  the  Citizens'  Bank  was  re- 
organized and  became  the  First  National  Bank  of  Girard.  and  is  today 
one  of  liie  substantia!  national  banks  of  the  state.  It  was  organized  with 
a  paid-up  capital  stock  of  $50,000  under  national  bank  charter  No.  3216, 
and  Mr.  Leonard  continued  as  cashier  of  this  institution  imtil  January 

I,  1913.  when  he  became  president  to  succeed  J.  E.  Raymond.  Since  his 
connection  with  the  First  National  Bank  Mr.  Leonard  has  been  a 
dominant  factor  in  directing  the  policy  of  that  institution  and  the  sub- 
stantial growth  and  development  of  the  bank  is  the  best  evidence  of  its 
capable  and  conservative  management.  The  bank  has  a  surplus  of 
$40,000.  and  the  report  to  the  comptroller  of  the  currency,  December  31, 
1914,  showed  deposits  of  $418,664.00.  Mr.  Leonard  has  vast  and  varied 
interests  in  addition  to  his  banking  interests.  He  has  invested  exten- 
sively in  oil  lands  and  in  the  zinc  mining  district,  and  his  investments 
have   proven   very   profitable.     He   was    united   in   marriage   Sei)tember 

II,  1878,  at  Whitby,  Ontario,  to  Miss  Anna  M.  Carpenter,  of  that  place. 
The\-  have  two  children:  Howard,  of  the  Leonard-Cole  Lumber  Co., 
Ciirard.  lie  is  a  graduate  of  Kansas  University,  and  married  Cora 
Moore,  of  Holton,  Kans.,  and  .Vlice  married  R.  G.  Thorn,  secretary  of 
the  Hanlon-Shelp  Mercantile  Co.,  Newton,  Kans.  Mr.  Leonard  is  a 
Democrat  and  all  these  years  in  Kansas  has  taken  a  keen  interest  in  the 
welfare  of  his  party,  and  has  frequently  served  as  a  member  of  the 
I)emocratic  county  and  state  committees  and  has  served  as  a  member 
of  the  council  of  Girard  for  a  number  of  years.  He  is  a  Tliirty-second 
degree  Knights  Templar  Mason,  and  a  mcmlK'r  of  the  Shrine.  The 
family  arc  members  of  the  Episcojjal  church. 

Robert  A.  Dorsey,  a  prosjierous  farmer  and  stockman  of  Clark  county, 
is  a  nati\e  of  Kentucky,  ])ut  has  s])enl  the  greater  i)art  of  his  life  in 
the  Sunflower  State.  He  was  born  in  Larue  co\uity,  Kentucky,  April  i, 
1872,  and  came  to  Kansas  w  hen  twelve  years  old  w  ith  his  i)arents.  He  is 
a  son  of  John  J.  and  Lucy  .\.  (  Duvall)  Dorsey;  ;i  sketch  of  John  J. 
Dorsey  precedes  this  article.  Robert  .A.  Dorsey  attended  the  public 
schools  of  Kentucky  and  Kansas  and  obtained  a  good  education,  and  for 
five  years  was  engaged  in  teaching  in  Clark  county.  He  later  engaged 
in  farming  and  stock  raising  in  Lexington  township,  Clark  county,  where 
he  now  has  a  well  improved  farm  and  ranks  among  the  progressive 
farmers  and  stockmen  of  that  section.  Mr.  Dorsey  was  united  in 
marriage  at  .Ashland.  Kans.,  November  20,  1893,  to  Miss  Laura,  daughter 


154  BIOGRAPHICAL 

of  Henry  R.  and  Belle  (Metcalf)  ^lorrison.  IMrs.  Dorsey  is  a  native 
of  Indiana,  born  July  5,  1873.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Dorsey  have  been  born 
six  children,  as  follows:  Lillian  E..  born  September  20,  1894;  Henry  L.. 
born  September  20.  1895;  John  F..  born  September  20.  1896;  Sybil 
Gladys,  born  September  20,  1901  ;  Sidney  Bryan,  born  September  20, 
1907.  and  Lula  Belle.  Mr.  Dorsey  is  a  Democrat,  a  member  of  the 
^lasonic  lodge  and  the  family  belong  to  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church. 
Marble  Lane  Baxter,  Protection.  Kans..  is  a  pioneer  and  early-day 
schcKil  teacher  ni  Comanche  county,  where  he  has  made  his  home  for 
over  thirty  years.  Mr.  Baxter  was  born  in  Sharpsville.  Ind..  November 
7,  1862.  He  is  a  son  of  Dr.  Josiah  K.  and  Ellen  (\\'alker)  Baxter.  Dr. 
Josiah  K.  Baxter  is  also  a  native  of  the  Hoosier  State,  born  October  19. 
1830.  His  parents  were  both  natives  of  Ohio  and  settled  in  Indiana  at 
a  very  early  date.  Dr.  Baxter  is  a  graduate  of  the  Louisville  Medical 
College,  Louisville.  Ky..  and  DePauw  Universitj .  He  began  the  practice 
of  medicine  at  Sharpsville  in  1842  and  during  the  Civil  war  was  surgeon 
in  the  One  Hundred  and  Fortieth  regiment.  Indiana  infantry.  .\t  the 
close  of  the  war  he  returned  to  Sharpsville  and  resumed  the  practice 
of  his  profession,  and  is  now  living  retired  there  at  the  ripe  old  age 
of  eighty-four  years,  and  spending  the  sunset  of  his  life  in  peace  and 
comfort  at  the  close  of  an  active  and  successful  professional  career. 
Dr.  Baxter  was  one  of  a  family  of  ten  boys  and  one  girl ;  all  of  the 
boys  served  in  the  union  army  during  the  Civil  war.  and  their  names, 
in  the  order  of  birth,  are  as  follows:  James  (deceased)  ;  Dr.  Josiah  K. : 
Daniel;  O.  H.  P.  (deceased);  William  (deceased);  Haden;  Hiram; 
George ;  Edward ;  Alonzo.  and  one  sister,  Vanna,  now  the  widow  of 
Robert  Williams,  ^Madison,  Ind.  Dr.  Baxter's  wife.  Ellenor  Walker, 
was  also  a  native  of  Indiana,  born  at  \"ernon  March  20.  1829,  she  died 
at  Sharpsville  ^larch  20,  1912.  She  was  a  lifelong  member  of  the 
Methodist  Episco]>al  church  and  lived  an  exemplary  Christian  life.  Dr. 
Josiah  K.  and  Ellenor  (Walker)  Baxter  were  the  parents  of  nine  children: 
Ida.  born  in  i8(X).  now  the  widow  of  J.  F.  Lindsey,  who  died  in  1910 
leaving  four  children  :  Louis.  Blanche,  Madge  and  Lowie ;  Marble  L.. 
whose  name  introduces  this  sketch  ;  William  Wallace,  born  December 
18,  1863,  retired.  Protection,  Kans.;  Elva  Walker,  born  in  i8(56.  married 
L.  S.  Ulrich.  Sharpsville,  Ind.,  and  they  have  one  child,  Mary;  Fannie, 
born  in  1868  and  died  at  Kokomo,  Ind.,  in  1908;  Jennie  Cleo.  born  in  1870. 
married  James  Thompson.  .Shar])sville.  Ind..  and  they  have  one  child. 
Melvin,;  Josiah  K.,  born  in  1872  and  died  at  the  age  of  sixteen,  and  two 
children  who  died  in  infancy.  Marble  L.  Baxter  was  reared  on  the 
home  farm  in  Indiana  and  received  his  education  in  the  public  schools 
of  that  state.  In  1885  he  came  to  Kansas  and  located  in  Comanche 
county.  He  took  up  government  land  in  Protection  township,  about 
three  and  one-half  miles  southwest  of  where  the  town  of  Protection  is 
now  located.     He  taught  district  schools  in  connection  with  his  farm- 


BIOGRAPHICAL  155 

ing  during  the  first  six  j-ears  of  life  in  the  new  country.  For  the  first 
three  years  on  the  plains  lie  lived  in  a  sikI  house  and  accustomed  liim- 
self  to  the  many  inconveniences  and  hardships  incident  to  the  life  of 
those  who  formed  the  vanguard  of  the  builders  of  any  new  country. 
He  still  owns  his  original  homestead,  to  which  he  has  added  a  large 
acreage,  and  now  ranks  as  one  of  the  successful  farmers  of  Comanche 
county.  Mr.  Baxter  is  a  Re])ublican.  and  has  taken  an  active  part  in 
the  political  life  of  his  township  and  county.  He  has  held  various  town- 
shij)  offices  and  was  a  member  of  the  board  of  county  commissioners 
of  Comanche  county  for  seven  years,  three  years  of  which  he  was 
chairman.  He  is  prominent  in  the  councils  of  the  Republican  party 
and  has  been  a  delegate  to  count}-  and  state  conventions  a  number  of 
times.  Mr.  Ha-xtcr  retired  from  active  participation  in  business  in 
1910.  He  has  been  a  student  all  his  life  and  is  one  of  the  best  posted 
men  in  the  community.  He  was  married  at  Oakford,  Ind.,  December  21. 
1883,  to  Miss  Lillie  Alay,  daughter  of  Samuel  A.  and  Matilda  L.  (Thomas) 
Lowry.  Mrs.  I'axter  was  born  at  Oakford,  Tnd.,  May  12.  1869.  To 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Daxter  have  been  born  six  children  :  Xellie  F.llen,  born 
.Ajiril  8,  1885,  married  Theron  A.  Myers,  May  i,  1904.  and  they  have 
one  child.  Lane  M.,  born  May  8,  1906;  Fred  L.,  born  April  3,  1887. 
married  (Jertrude  l]ootii  l'"ebruary  8,  1907,  and  they  have  three  children. 
Booth.  Boyd  and  Elenora ;  Pearl  Cleo,  born  March  17,  1893,  married 
John  Beddinger  May  7,  1910,  and  they  have  three  children.  Geneva  and 
Jenevia  (twins),  and  John,  Jr.;  Louis  Francis,  born  March  8,  iS(X>,  and 
Earl  McKinley,  born  Se])tember  20,  1897.  Mr.  liaxter  is  widely  known 
throughout  southern  Kansas  and  is  one  of  the  highlv  rcsjiected  and 
substantial  men  of  Comanche  county.  The  family  arc  members  of  the 
Methodist   Episcopal  chinxh. 

Isaac  Kirby  Rodgers,  a  Kansas  pioneer  who  is  now  a  prominent  factor 
in  the  business  affairs  of  Protection,  Kans.,  is  a  native  of  the  Buckeye 
State.  He  was  born  in  Washington  count}-,  Ohio,  December  8,  1855, 
and  is  a  son  of  Lewis  and  Mary  Ann  (Teeples)  Rodgers.  Lewis  Rodgers 
was  a  nati\e  of  Pennsylvania  and  removed  to  Ohio  at  an  earl}-  age; 
he  was  a  wheelwright  in  early  life  but  later  followed  farn-iing.  He  died 
in  Ohio  in  1888.  His  wife,  Mary  Ann  Teeples,  was  a  daughter  of  John 
and  Mary  (Kirby)  Teeples,  natives  of  Xew  Jersey  and  of  Quaker 
stock.  Isaac  Kirby  Rodgers  was  one  of  a  family  of  thirteen  children, 
as  follows:  Louisa  (deceased);  Rebecca;  Mary  I-'llen  (deceased);  .\lvin 
Tcnn}son ;  Joshua  Wood;  TlK)mas ;  i^lwood;  Isaac  Kirby;  Lyda  F. ; 
John  W.  (deceased) ;  Eva  (deceased) ;  Fremont  Jeffer.son  (deceased), 
and  Joseph  (deceased).  Mr.  Rodgers,  whose  name  introduces  this  re- 
view, s])ent  his  boyhood  days  on  his  father's  farm  in  Washington  count\', 
Ohio,  and  attended  the  jiublic  schools,  hi  1874.  when  nineteen  vears 
of  age  he  came  to  Kansas  and  located  in  (ieary  county.  For  the  first 
few  years  he  li\-e(l  in  a  dugout  and  broke  i)rairie  with  ox  teams.      He 


156  BI0GR.\PH1CAL 

was  one  of  tlie  very  early  settlers  of  Geary  county,  where  he  remained 
until  1890.  when  he  removed  to  Comanche  county  and  bought  a  3.000 
acre  ranch,  where  he  has  since  been  successfully  engaged  in  the  slock 
business  and  is  one  of  the  prosperous  farmers  and  stockmen  of  that 
section.  He  also  has  a  general  store  at  Protection  and  does  an  ex- 
tensive merchantile  business.  On  September  30,  1900,  Mr.  Rodgers 
was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Laura  M..  daughter  of  Chauncey  Cook, 
of  Illinois.  Mr.  Rodgers  is  a  Republican  and  takes  a  prominent  part 
in  any  movement  for  the  betterment  of  his  town  and  county. 

Arthur  A.  Carpenter,  cashier  of  the  Farmers'  State  Bank  of  Protec- 
tion. Kans..  is  a  prominent  factor  in  the  financial  affairs  of  southern 
Kansas.  He  is  a  native  of  the  Sunflower  State,  born  in  Marshall  county 
November  21.  1878,  of  pioneer  parents.  He  is  a  son  of  Hugh  A.  and 
Martha  J.  (Inman)  Carpenter.  The  father  was  born  in  Fremont  county 
.August  26.  1858.  a  son  of  an  Iowa  pioneer,  George  W.  Carpenter,  who 
was  one  of  the  very  earh-  settlers  of  Fremont  county.  Hugh  A.  Car- 
penter's mother  died  when  he  was  six  years  of  age,  and  at  the  early 
age  of  fourteen  he  was  thrown  on  his  own  resources  and  compelled 
to  make  his  own  way  in  the  world.  He  came  to  Kansas  in  1875  and 
for  a  few  years  worked  as  a  farm  laborer  in  Marshall  county.  He 
bought  land  at  an  early  day  and  has  accumulated  considerable  property, 
now  being  one  of  the  substantial  citizens  of  Marshall  county.  He  was 
married  January  20.  1878,  to  Miss  Martha  Jane,  daughter  of  Jacob  and 
Alatilda  ( Stinson )  Inman.  She  was  born  in  Missouri  Xovember  14. 
1862,  and  was  brought  to  Kansas  by  her  parents,  who  settled  in  Marshall 
county  when  she  was  an  infant.  Her  father  was  one  of  the  prosperous 
and  influential  farmers  of  that  section  of  the  State.  He  died  in  1885 
and  was  followed  by  his  wife  in  1890.  They  were  devout  members  of 
the  Christian  church  and  noted  for  their  Christian  spirit.  To  Hugh  A. 
and  Martha  J.  (Inman)  Carpenter  w^ere  born  ten  children,  four  of  whom 
died  in  infancy.  The  others  are  as  follows :  Arthur  A.,  the  subject  of  this 
sketch  :  Retta  \\'.,  born  September  8.  1880.  married  Howard  B.  Heilig, 
cashier  of  the  Rozel  State  Bank.  Rozel.  Kans. ;  May  Vance,  born  July 
10,  1888,  married  Albert  J.  Koelling.  farmer.  Harper  county,  and  they 
have  one  child,  Verla ;  George  Gaylord,  born  October  12,  1890,  farmer, 
Marshall  county,  married  Zela  Fairchild  and  they  have  one  child.  Hugh, 
born  December  4.  1908;  A'elma  Grace,  born  June  24,  1892.  married  Albert 
Hunt,  farmer,  Marshall  count}-,  and  John  Dewe)-,  born  January  29, 
1899.  Arthur  A.  Carpenter  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  and 
Marysville  College,  where  he  graduated  in  the  class  of  1899,  and  for 
ten  years  followed  the  profession  of  teaching,  two  years  of  which  time 
he  was  superintendent  of  the  public  schools  at  Bigelow,  Kans..  and 
for  four  years  held  a  similar  position  in  the  Bluff  City  schools.  In  1908 
he  began  his  financial  career  by  accepting  the  cashiership  of  the  Blufi^ 
City  State  Bank  and  held  that  position  four  years.    Through  his  capable 


BIOGRAPHICAL  157 

manaiiement  of  the  affairs  of  that  institution  the  vahie  of  its  stock  in- 
creased over  thirty  per  cent.,  in  addition  to  paying  the  usual  dividends. 
In  1912  he  bought  a  controlling  interest  in  the  Farmers"  State  Bank 
of  Protection,  becoming  cashier  of  that  bank,  lie  is  the  leading  spirit 
in  directing  the  affairs  of  that  institution,  which  has  also  had  a  rapid 
growth  and  development  under  his  administration.  During  the  two  years 
that  he  has  been  connected  with  that  bank  the  deposits  have  increased 
from  $30,000  to  over  $100,000.  The  undivided  profits  amount  to  over 
$10,000,  and  it  is  one  of  the  substantial  banks  of  Comanche  county 
and  does  a  general  banking  business.  Mr.  Carpenter  was  married  June 
13,  1909,  to  Miss  Maud  Leona,  daughter  of  Peter  \V.  and  Sarah  (Buis- 
land)  Mesmer,  of  Marshall  county,  where  she  was  born  November  8, 
1878.  Mrs.  Carpenter  is  a  graduate  of  Marysville  College  and  taught 
school  nine  years  in  Marshall,  Smith  and  Sedgwick  counties  before  her 
marriage.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Carpenter  hold  membership  in  the  Christian 
church  and  he  is  a  member  of  the  Masonic  lodge. 

William  E.  Snyder,  manager  of  the  Home  Lumber  &  Supply  Com- 
pany. I'nileclion,  Kans.,  and  present  mayor  of  that  thriving  town,  is 
one  of  the  progressive  business  men  of  southern  Kansas.  Mr.  Snyder 
was  born  in  Piatt  county,  Illinois,  March  29,  1869,  and  is  a  son  of  Mark 
V.  and  Hannah  Mary  (Winn)  Snyder.  The  father  is  a  native  of  Ohio, 
born  January  24.  1840.  of  \'irginia  jjarcnts.  Mark  \'.  Snyder  is  a  i)ioneor 
of  southern  Kansas.  He  came  tt)  this  state  in  1873  and  located  on 
government  land  in  Xeosho  county,  and  took  an  active  part  in  the 
early  development  of  that  section  of  the  State.  He  followed  farming 
until  1880,  and  was  one  of  the  pioneer  promoters  and  early  developers 
of  the  oil  interests  of  southern  Kansas.  In  1880  he  engaged  in  the  grain 
business  at  Erie,  Kans.,  and  successfully  followed  that  business  for 
a  number  of  years.  He  still  resides  at  Erie,  having  retired  a  few  years 
ago.  His  wife,  Hannah  Mary  Winn,  was  a  native  of  Ohio,  btjrn  in 
March,  1845,  of  Virginia  parentage.  To  Mark  V.  and  Hannah  Mary 
(Winn)  Snyder  were  born  six  children,  as  follows:  William  E.,  the 
subject  of  this  sketch;  Charles  R.,  born  April  21,  1871,  was  a  locomotive 
engineer  and  was  killed  in  an  accident  in  Texas,  April  16,  191 1,  leaving 
a  wife  and  one  child;  Ida  May,  born  February  20,  1873,  died  at  the  age 
of  two  years;  Oscar  E.,  born  September  Ci,  T876,  married  Stella  Ouacke'n- 
l)ush  and  now  resides  at  Erie,  Kans.;  Henrietta,  born  March  K).  1880, 
married  Shirley  \\'right,  a  farmer  in  Xeosho  county,  and  Mark,  born 
September  20.  1885,  resides  with  his  parents  at  Erie,  Kans.  William  E. 
Snyder  came  to  Kansas  with  his  parents  when  four  years  of  age,  in  1873 ; 
he  received  his  education  in  the  public  schools  of  Erie,  Kans.,  graduating 
from  the  high  school  at  that  place  in  the  class  of  1888.  He  worked  in 
his  father's  office  at  Erie  until  he  was  twenty-one  years  of  age,  when 
he  entered  the  emjiloy  of  an  agricidtural  implement  company  of  Kansas 
City,  Mo.,  as  traveling  salesman  and  was  engaged  in  that  business  until 


158  Bior.RArnicAL 

1905  when  he  accepted  a  position  as  manager  for  a  lumber  company  at 
Marquette,  Kans.  In  1910  he  came  to  Protection.  Kans..  as  manager 
for  the  Home  Lumber  &  Supply  Company,  one  of  the  large  lumber 
cnmi)anies  of  southern  Kansas  and  Oklahoma,  having  a  chain  of  fifteen 
lumber  yards  in  the  two  states.  Mr.  Snyder  is  a  keen,  capable  business 
man.  and  by  his  straightforward  methods  has  won  the  confidence  of  the 
commercial  world.  Since  coming  to  Protection  he  has  taken  a  promi- 
nent part  in  public  aft'airs  and  has  been  one  of  the  most  enthusiastic 
boosters  of  his  adopted  city.  In  1912  he  was  elected  mayor  of  Protection, 
and  during  his  administration  of  public  affairs  in  that  office  much 
progress  has  been  made  by  that  municipality.  He  is  a  strong  advocate 
of  public  ownership  of  public  utilities,  and  was  one  of  the  chief  promoters 
of  the  plan  whereby  the  town  of  Protection  has  become  the  owner  of 
its  own  electric  light  plant  and  water  works.  Mr.  Snyder  was  united 
in  marriage  November  26,  1896,  to  Miss  Aliram  A.,  daughter  of  Edwin 
B.  and  ]\Iary  X.  (Harland)  Roll,  pioneers  of  Kansas.  They  settled  in 
Bourbon  count}-  in  1868  and  Mrs.  Snyder  was  born  at  Hiattvillc,  Kans.. 
March  21,  1874.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Snyder  have  been  born  five  children, 
as  follows:  Robert  Roll,  born  February  7.  1900;  Alton  Paul,  born 
October  5.  1902;  Edwin,  born  January  12,  1908;  Pearl,  born  December 
24,  1910.  and  Mary,  born  Octol^er  3.  1912.  Mr.  Snyder  is  a  member  of 
the  Masonic  lodge  and  he  and  his  wife  huld  membership  in  the  Christian 
churcli. 

Claude  Rowland,  the  po]ndar  and  efficient  postmaster  of  Protection, 
Kans.,  is  a  native  of  England,  born  in  the  city  of  London.  February  21. 
1884,  of  English  parents.  He  is  a  son  of  Sidney  and  Carrie  (Keene) 
Rowland.  The  father  was  a  native  of  London,  born  March  16,  i860,  and 
the  youngest  of  a  family  of  twelve  children,  seven  sons  and  four  daugh- 
ters;  three  of  the  sons  served  in  the  British  navy  and  are  now  deceased, 
two  having  died  in  the  service.  .Sidney  Rowland  immigrated  from  the 
mother  country  to  America  in  1888,  locating  at  Mulvane,  Kans.,  wTiere 
he  has  since  been  engaged  in  the  hotel  business.  His  wife,  Carrie 
Keene,  was  born  in  Exeter,  England,  May  28,  1865,  a  daughter  of 
Thomas  and  Mary  (James)  Keene.  To  Sidney  and  Carrie  Keene  Row- 
land were  burn  ten  children,  as  follows:  Claude,  the  subject  of  this 
sketch  ;  I'"rank  Edward,  born  May  22,  1886,  a  graduate  of  the  Mulvane 
High  School  class  of  1904  and  Kansas  University,  class  191 1,  drug  in- 
spector for  the  State  of  Kansas,  married  Estella  Adams,  and  resides 
at  Topeka ;  Victor,  born  in  1888,  died  in  infancy;  Cecil,  born  in  1890, 
died  in  infancy;  Roy,  born  in  1892,  died  in  infancy;  Ethel,  born  February 
12.  1888;  Violet,  born  May  14,  1900;  Gladys,  born  .April  Ti.  i8()4;  Rose, 
born  May  28,  1896,  now  assistant  ])ostmaster.  Protection,  Kans.,  and 
Cliffie.  born  February  24.  1902.  Claude  Rowland  was  educated  in  the 
public  schools  of  Mulvane.  Kans..  and  has  spent  most  of  his  life  in  the 
mercantile  business.     He  went  to  work  in  a  store  in  Mulvane  at   the 


BIOGRAPHICAL  I59 

age  of  seventeen,  in  1904  he  Ijecame  commissary  clerk  for.  a  construc- 
tion company,  and  for  three  years  held  that  position.  In  1907,  he  re- 
moved to  Protection,  Kans..  and  was  salesman  in  a  mercantile  establish- 
ment tiiere  for  six  years,  and  on  July  i.  1913.  he  was  appointed  postmas- 
ter of  Protection  by  President  Wilson,  and  has  since  capably  filled  that 
responsible  position.  Mr.  Rowland  was  married  at  Coldwater,  Sep- 
tember 5.  1908,  to  Miss  Mattie.  daughter  of  B.  B.  and  Maggie  (Bush) 
Daugherty.  of  Cherokee,  Okla.  Mrs.  Rowland  was  born  at  Sharon, 
Kans..  and  educated  in  the  public  schools  and  St.  Rose  Academy,  Dan- 
ville. Kans.,  graduating  in  the  class  of  1906.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Row- 
land have  been  born  four  children,  as  follows:  /Vrline.  born  August 
17,  1909;  Doris,  born  October  25.  191 1 ;  Dornea,  born  September  i,  1912, 
and  Caroline  Keene,  born  September  14,  1914.  Mr.  Rowland  has 
taken  a  prominent  part  in  public  affairs  since  coming  to  Protection,  and 
in  1909  was  elected  police  judge,  serving  one  term.  He  is  a  member  of 
the  Masonic  lodge. 

Robert  Harvey  Pine,  a  j^rominent  Kansas  pioneer,  died  at  his  home 
at  Protection.  Kans.,  August  12,  1914.  He  was  born  in  Westmoreland 
county.  Virginia.  December  29,  1834,  near  the  birthplace  of  Gen.  Robert 
E.  Lee.  His  father.  Robert  Harvey  Pine,  was  the  youngest  son  of  an 
English  nobleman.  Robert  Harvey  Pine,  whose  name  introduces  this 
sketch,  attended  the  ])ublic  schools  of  \'irginia  until  he  was  si.xteen  years 
old,  when  he  removed  to  Wisconsin  with  his  parents,  and  about  ten 
years  later,  Robert  H.  and  his  brother,  Anderson,  went  to  Iowa,  locat- 
ing in  Page  county.  He  was  engaged  in  farming  there  until  the  out- 
break of  the  Civil  war,  when  he  enlisted  in  Company  G,  Thirty-second 
regiment,  Wisconsin  infantry.  He  enlisted  as  a  private  and  during  the 
l)erio(l  of  his  serxice  was  promoted  to  sergeant.  He  took  part  in  many 
important  campaigns,  among  which  was  the  seige  at  Vicksburg.  He 
was  seriously  wounded  at  the  battle  of  Tupelo,  Miss.,  from  the  effect 
of  which  he  never  fully  recovered.  .After  having  been  discharged  from 
the  army  he  returned  to  his  Towa  home,  where  he  was  engaged  in  farm- 
ing for  a  few  years.  In  1884  he  came  to  Kansas  and  bought  land  in 
Pawnee  county,  and  was  engaged  in  farming  there  and  in  l-ldwards 
county  until  1904.  when  he  came  to  Comanche  cotuity  and  bought  a 
(>oo-acre  ranch  in  lUuff  creek  valley,  where  he  was  successfully  engaged 
in  farming  and  stock  raising  until  the  time  of  his  death.  He  was  a  life- 
long Republican  and  was  elected  to  local  offices  on  numerous  occasions. 
He  was  a  prominent  member  of  the  Masonic  lodge,  and  held  member- 
ship in  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church.  Mr.  Pine-  was  twice  married, 
his  first  wife  being  Elmira  Turk,  who  died  in  18S4,  leaving  one  child, 
Morton  Harvey,  who  died  in  1903.  ( )n  .\pril  3.  1913,  Mr.  Pine  was 
united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Beulah  Estella,  daughter  of  Samuel  M.  and 
Jessie  I..  (Price)  Everette.  Samuel  M.  Everette  was  a  native  of  Jack- 
son   county,   Arkansas,   Ixirn    .August    16,    1846.     He   was   iirominent    in 


l6o  BIOGRAPHICAL 

the  Southwest  and  served  as  sheriff  of  Hunt  county.  Texas.  He  died  at 
Ardmore.  Okla..  February  23,  1899.  His  wife  was  a  native  of  Alabama, 
born  on  a  plantation  in  Butler  county.  November  2.  1850.  ol  South 
Carolina  parents.  She  died  February  29.  1908.  Mrs.  Pine  is  one  of  a 
family  of  eight  children,  as  follows:  Sarah.  Elizabeth,  Effie.  Ethel, 
Sammie,  Beulah.  Lela  and  Alonzo.  Mrs.  Pine  was  educated  in  the 
State  Masonic  Home  of  Texas,  at  F"ort  Worth,  where  she  was  graduated 
in  the  class  of  1906,  and  for  a  number  of  years  was  a  teacher  at  Gates- 
ville.  Texas,  and  Colgate,  Okla.  She  is  a  member  of  the  Presbyterian 
church,  and  prominent  in  the  work  of  the  congregation.  She  has  one 
adopted  child,  a  niece.  Genevieve  Blanche,  born  at  Colgate.  Okla..  Xo- 
vember  2t,.  1909. 

Arthur  Moberg,  M.  D.,  a  prominent  j^hysician  and  surgeon  of  south- 
eastern Kansas,  who  is  engaged  in  the  practice  of  his  profession  at  Pitts- 
burg, is  a  native  of  Illinois.  Dr.  Moberg  was  born  at  Eloomington. 
111..  July  13.  1870.  He  is  a  son  of  Gustave  and  Anna  (Seaberg)  Moberg. 
both  natives  of  Sweden,  and  pioneer  settlers  of  McLean  county.  Illinois, 
wb.ere  the  father  died  in  1908  and  the  mother  passed  away  in  1910.  Dr. 
Moberg  was  reared  in  Bloomington  and  received  his  educational 
discipline  in  the  public  schools  of  that  city.  He  then  entered  the 
pharmacy  department  of  the  Northwestern  University.  Chicago,  where 
he  was  graduated  in  the  class  of  1890.  He  was  employed  in  the  capacity 
of  a  pharmacist  in  a  drug  store  at  Bloomington  about  four  years  when 
he  determined  upon  a  medical  career  for  himself.  He  then  entered  the 
medical  department  of  St.  Louis  University,  where  he  was  graduated 
in  the  class  of  1897,  with  the  degree  of  Doctor  of  Medicine.  He  was  en- 
gaged in  hospital  work  in  St.  Louis  during  the  years  of  1897  ^nd  1898, 
and  then  located  at  Pittsburg.  Kans..  where  he  has  since  been  engaged 
in  the  practice  of  his  profession.  Dr.  Moberg  is  a  skilled  surgeon  and 
physician.  He  does  not  specialize  in  any  particular  branch  of  medicine 
or  surgery,  preferring  a  general  line  of  practice.  He  was  united  in  mar- 
riage December  21,  1892.  to  Miss  Ovanda  M.  Kays,  of  Bloomington. 
Ills.  They  have  two  children :  Jack,  aged  nine,  and  Marylois,  aged  two. 
Dr.  Moberg  is  a  member  of  the  County.  State  and  American  Medical 
Associations  and  the  City  Hospital  Medical  Society  of  St.  Louis.  He 
is  a  Knights  Templar  Mason  and  member  of  the  Mystic  Shrine. 

William  H.  Braden,  who  is  now  serving  his  seventeenth  consecutive 
year  as  a  member  of  the  board  of  count)-  commissioners,  is  one  of  the 
real  pioneers  of  southeastern  Kansas,  and  for  nearly  a  half  a  century 
has  been  a  prominent  factor  in  the  affairs  of  Crawford  county.  He  has 
been  a  part  of  the  development  of  that  county  from  an  uncertain  be- 
ginning to  the  greatest  industrial  district  of  the  state,  now  with  its 
mines,  mills,  factories  and  fertile  and  well  kept  farms.  William  H. 
Braden  is  a  native  of  the  Buckeye  State,  born  in  Richland  county.  Ohio, 
August  21.    1844,  a  son  of  Samuel  and   Susan    ( Bidingcr)    Braden,  the 


BIOGRAPHIC  A[.  l6l 

former  a  native  of  l'enns\lvania,  and  the  latter  of  (Germany.  The 
mother  died  in  Ohio  in  1852,  and  shortly  after  her  death  the  family  re- 
mo\ed  to  Indiana,  and  settled  in  Xoble  count}-,  where  the  father  was 
en^-aj^ed  in  farming-  and  spent  the  remainder  of  his  life  there.  Me  died 
in  1899.  William  H.  Braden  received  a  good  common  school  education 
in  the  district  schools  of  those  pioneer  days,  and  was  just  arriving  at 
the  age  of  manhood  when  the  Civil  war  broke  out.  In  October,  1862, 
when  he  was  just  past  eighteen,  he  enlisted  at  Ligonier.  Ind.,  in  Com- 
pany B,  First  regiment  Indiana  cavalry,  an  independent  regiment,  the 
volunteers  furnishing  their  own  horses.  His  troop  was  assigned  to 
duty  in  Missouri,  and  was  at  Pilot  Knob  and  Iron  Mountain.  He  re- 
ceived his  baptism  of  fire  at  Fredericktown.  and  his  next  engagement 
was  at  Cottonplant.  He  then  participated  in  numerous  skirmishes  as 
they  made  their  way  into  Arkansas.  His  troop  was  General  Steele's  es- 
cort when  Little  Rock  was  taken.  Later,  at  Pine  Bluff,  he  was  in  the 
fiercest  fight  of  his  experience,  w-hen  Price  and  Alarmaduke  attacked 
the  Union  position  at  that  place.  He  also  participated  in  the  battle  of 
Helena,  Ark.,  and  subsequently  did  service  in  Tennessee  and  Mississippi. 
He  was  honorably  discharged  at  Duval's  Bluff,  Ark.,  in  July,  i'S65.  He 
then  returned  to  his  home  in  Xoble  county,  Indiana,  where  he  remained 
but  a  short  time,  when  he  went  to  McLean  county,  Illinois,  and  worked 
as  a  farm  laborer  about  two  years.  He  was  married  in  October.  i8()8, 
to  Miss  Wealthy  Elizabeth  Lott,  a  native  of  McLean  county.  Illinois, 
and  t<i  this  union  two  sons  were  born,  Samuel  Burr,  now  a  rancher  at 
Mabton.  Wash.,  and  \\'illiam  Orr,  of  Pittsburg,  Kans.  Mrs.  Braden 
died  Jul}-  9,  1907.  After  his  marriage  Mr.  Braden  worked  rented  land 
in  McLean  county  about  a  year  when,  as  he  says,  "he  packed  his  belong- 
ings in  a  prairie  schooner,  whistled  for  the  dogs  and  started  for  Kansas." 
He  drove  the  entire  distance,  and  was  twenty-eight  days  enroute.  He 
located  in  Crawford  township,  Crawford  county,  where  he  bought  rail- 
road land.  .At  this  time  there  was  a  great  deal  of  contention  between 
some  of  the  early  settlers  and  the  railroad  coni]Kmies,  who  owned  large 
tracts  of  land  in  the  "neutral  lands,"  and  when  Mr.  Braden  settled  on 
the  place  which  he  had  bought  from  the  railroad  company,  the  league 
ordered  him  to  leave,  but  up  to  the  present  time  Mr.  Braden  has  not 
complied  with  the  order.  He  engaged  in  farming  and  stock  raising.  At 
that  time  the  city  of  I'ittsburg  had  not  been  thought  of,  and  Gir.-ird. 
the  county  seat,  consisted  of  only  four  or  five  houses.  In  1874  Mr. 
Braden  was  elected  trustee  of  Crawford  township  and  in  1878  was  elected 
sheriff  of  Crawford  county,  and  served  one  term,  when  he  engaged  in  the 
livery  and  feed  business  at  Girard,  and  in  1882  was  again  elected  sheriff 
and  re-elected  in  1884.  In  1886,  at  the  expiration  of  his  terqi,  he  went 
to  Utah  for  the  benefit  of  his  wife's  health.  The  family  remained  there 
tw'o  years,  but  Mr.  Braden  never  relinquished  his  residence  in  Crawford 
county,  always  returning  there  to  vote  and  took  an  active  part  in  the 


l62  BIOGRAPHICAL 

political  affairs  of  the  county.  In  the  early  part  of  1889,  the  family 
returned  to  Kansas  and  took  up  their  residence  in  Pittsburg,  and  Mr. 
Braden  engaged  in  the  livery  business  there,  which  he  conducted  until 
August  5,  191 1.  He  was  very  successful  in  his  business  undertakings 
and  built  the  largest  livery  barn  in  Pittsburg,  constructed  of  brick 
and  stone.  In  1898  he  was  elected  county  commissioner  of  Crawford 
county,  and  has  continuoush-  held  that  office  to  the  present  time,  which 
is  the  best  evidence  that  any  man  could  have  of  his  capability  and  con- 
scientiousness in  transacting  public  business.  He  is  a  director  of  the 
First  Xational  Bank  of  Pittsburg,  having  served  on  that  board  a 
number  of  years.  Politically  he  is  a  Republican  and  since  locating  in 
Kansas  has  taken  an  active  part  in  the  organization  of  that  party,  and 
has  been  an  unceasing  worker  for  the  success  of  the  policies  and  prin- 
ciples of  his  party.  He  is  a  member  of  the  county  central  committee 
and  has  been  treasurer  of  that  organization  for  over  twenty  years,  and 
bears  the  unusual  distinction  of  having  been  elected  a  delegate  to  every 
Republican  State  convention  for  thirty  years,  or  more,  and  the  same 
may  be  said  of  his  attendance  to  the  congressional  conventions  of  his 
district.  Mr.  Braden  has  served  on  the  Pittsburg  city  council  four 
years.  His  fraternal  affiliations  are  with  the  Ancient  Free  and  Ac- 
cepted Masons,  Ancient  Order  of  United  ^^'orkmen  and  Knights  and 
Ladies  of  Security. 

John  A.  Cumpton,  one  of  the  very  early  settlers  of  Comanche  county, 
now  living  retired  at  Protection,  Kans.,  was  born  in  Montgomery  county, 
Illinois,  August  7,  1853.  He  is  a  son  of  Greenberry  and  Mary  (  Evans) 
Cumpton.  The  father  was  also  a  native  of  Illinois  and  spent  his  life  there 
engaged  in  farming.  He  died  in  1879.  He  was  twice  married,  his  first 
wife  being  Miss  Mary  Evans,  to  whom  seven  children  were  born  as 
follows:  \\'illiam  T..  Margaret,  Sarah  E.,  James  ^\'..  Alonzo,  John  A., 
the  subject  of  this  sketch,  and  George,  all  of  whom  are  deceased  except 
John  A.,  the  subject  of  this  sketch.  After  the  death  of  his  wife  and 
mother  of  these  children  the  father  married  Mrs.  Lurinda  Merryman, 
to  whom  two  children  were  born,  Philena  and  \'ictoria.  John  A.  Cump- 
ton came  to  Kansas  in  1884  and  located  on  government  land  in  \'alley 
township,  Comanche  county,  where  he  engaged  in  farming  and  stock 
raising.  He  still  owns  his  original  homestead,  and  is  one  of  the  pros- 
perous and  substantial  farmers  of  the  county.  He  has  taken  an  active 
part  in  the  political  and  material  development  of  his  county  and  has  held 
various  local  offices  of  trust.  In  politics  he  is  a  Socialist.  Mr.  Cumpton 
was  united  in  marriage  June  16,  1880.  to  Miss  Rebecca  Jane  Steidley, 
daughter  of  Frederick  and  Mary  C.  (Martin)  Steidley.  Mrs.  Cumpton 
was  born  in  Macoupin  county.  Illinois,  May  4,  i860,  her  parents  being 
natives  of  \'irginia  and  early  settlers  in  Illinois.  They  had  eleven 
children :  Joseph  F.,  Martin  C.,  James  A..  Annie,  Mary  £.,  George  D.. 
Rebecca  J..  Rachael   C,  John  C.  Charles  II..  and  Minnie  M.     To  Mr. 


BIOGRAPHICAL  163 

and  Mrs.  Cumpton  have  been  born  five  children,  as  follows :  Goldie  K., 
born  April  24.  1887,  married  R.  A.  Alexander  in  1907  and  died  I-'ebruary 
16,  1913,  leaving  two  children,  Rula  E.  and  Henry  A.;  Jerry  Peffer,  born 
January  28,  i8gi,  now  a  banker  at  Protection,  Kans.,  married  Etna  H., 
daughter  of  Perry  A.  Johnston,  April  22,  1914;  Dora  Flossie,  born  Feb- 
ruary 25.  1894,  graduated  from  the  Protection  High  School  in  the  class 
of  1915;  Alary  S.,  born  March  6,  1896,  and  the  youngest,  a  boy,  was  born 
October  11,  1903.  died  February  25,  1904.  Mr.  Cumpton  retired  from 
active  business  life  in  1912,  and  is  now  living  retired  after  an  active  life 
of  enter]5rise  and  well  directed  energy. 

John  P.  Curran,  one  of  the  best  known  and  most  successful  attorneys 
of  Crawford  county,  is  a  native  of  Michigan.  He  was  born  at  South 
Haven.  He  is  a  son  of  John  and  Eliza  (Judge)  Curran,  the  ftjrmer  a 
native  of  County  Down.  Ireland,  and  the  latter  of  Hastings.  Province  of 
Ontario.  Canada.  In  1871  the  Curran  family,  with  the  exception  of 
John  P.,  of  this  review,  and  Hon.  Andrew  J.,  a  sketch  of  whom  appears 
elsewhere  in  this  volume,  came  to  Kansas  and  located  near  Mulberry, 
Crawford  county,  where  the  parents  permanently  settled.  In  1875  John 
P.  and  his  brother  came  t<i  Kansas.  lie  had  attended  school  in  Michigan 
and  was  well  aclvanced  in  an  educational  way,  and  continued  his  scJiool 
work  after  coming  to  Kansas  and  later  entered  the  Kansas  Normal 
College  at  Fort  Scott,  where  he  was  graduated  in  the  class  of  1889  with 
the  degree  of  Piachelor  of  Arts.  He  then  devoted  himself  to  educational 
work,  and  for  ten  years  was  a  professional  teacher,  and  for  three  years 
was  superintendent  of  public  schools  at  Columbus,  Kans.  He  was  also 
devoted  to  the  broader  field  of  educational  work  and  his  influence  was 
by  no  means  confined  to  the  school  room.  He  was  active  in  institute 
work  and  during  his  educational  career  conducted  sixteen  normal  in- 
stitutes. He  was  also  mindful  of  the  future  and  did  not  cast  his  lot 
altogether  with  educational  work,  which,  unfortunately,  offers  too  few 
op])ortunities  for  advancement  in  this  great  country  of  ours.  During 
the  time  that  he  was  teaching  he  also  took  up  the  study  of  law.  and 
after  having  qualified  thoroughly,  was  admitted  to  the  bar  of  Kansas 
in  1895,  when  he  engaged  in  the  practice  of  law  in  partnership  with 
his  brother  at  Pittsl)urg,  Kans..  under  the  firm  name  of  Curran  &  Curran. 
This  arrangement  continued  until  January  i.  191 1.  when  Andrew  J.  w-as 
elected  District  Judge  of  the  Thirty-eighth  Judicial  District,  and  since 
that  time  John  P.,  of  this  review,  has  been  engaged  in  the  practice  of 
his  profession  alone.  Mr.  Curran  has  been  eminently  successful  in  his 
chosen  jirofession  and  as  a  trial  lawyer,  or  counselor,  has  few  ])eers  in 
the  State.  In  addition  to  his  extensive  law  practice  Mr.  Curran  takes 
an  active  part  in  local  ])olitical  and  business  affairs.  Politically  lu'  is 
a  Republican  and  has  served  as  president  of  the  Pittsburg  school  board 
two  terms.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Chamber  of  Commerce  and  the 
Crawford  County  Law  Library  Association  and  has  been  identified  with 


164  BIOGRAPHICAL 

the  electric  railway  project  of  southeast  Kansas  and  southwest  Missouri 
for  a  number  of  years.  He  began  with  this  company  long  before  it 
became  the  Joplin  &  Pittsburg  Railway  Company,  having  been  identified 
with  that  enterprise  when  they  had  only  seven  miles  of  trackage  as 
compared  with  the  114  miles  which  the  company  now  operates.  Mr. 
Curran  is  legal  adviser  for  a  great  many  industrial  corporations  operat- 
ing in  Crawford  county,  prominent  among  which  might  be  mentioned 
the  Clemens  Coal  Company,  The  Standard  Ice  and  Fuel  and  others  which 
he  was  instrumental  in  organizing.  Mr.  Curran  was  united  in  marriage 
October  16,  1890,  to  Miss  Alice  Mary,  daughter  of  John  Cook,  of  Cold- 
water,  Kans.  Her  father  was  an  early  settler  in  southwestern  Kansas, 
locating  in  that  section  in  1886.  Mrs.  Curran  was  born  in  Louisville, 
Kv.,  and,  after  attending  school  in  her  native  city,  cempleted  her  educa- 
tion at  Cottey  College.  Nevada,  ^lo.,  where  she  was  graduated  in  the 
class  of  1899  and  taught  school  for  a  time  prior  to  her  marriage.  To 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Curran  has  been  born  one  child,  John  Halliday.  a  graduate 
of  the  Pittsburg  High  School  and  later  attended  the  Kansas  State  Manual 
Training  Normal  College,  the  Kansas  State  University  and  Cumberland 
College.  Lebanon,  Tenn.,  graduating  at  the  latter  institution.  He  took 
the  law  course  at  Kansas  University  and  was  admitted  to  the  Kansas 
bar  June  25,  1914.  Mr.  Curran  is  probably  one  of  the  best  known  lawyers 
in  southeastern  Kansas,  and  has  justly  won  the  confidence  of  a  large 
clientage. 

John  M.  Wayde,  a  leading  meml:)er  of  the  Kansas  bar.  has  practised 
law  in  Crawford  county  for  a  quarter  of  a  century.  He  was  born  in 
Bedford  county,  Pennsylvania,  May  7,  1862.  a  son  of  John  and  Martha 
(Connelly)  Wayde.  natives  of  Pennsylvania,  where  the  father  was  a 
merchant  and  farmer.  John  M.  Wayde  attended  the  district  schools  of 
his  native  State  and  later  entered  the  Central  State  Normal  School  at 
Lock  Haven.  Pa.,  where  he  was  graduated  in  the  class  of  1886.  He 
then  taught  school  two  years  and  at  the  same  time  read  law  under 
the  preceptorship  of  Aleck  King.  Esq.,  of  Bedford.  Pa.  During  the 
summer  of  1888  he  took  a  special  law  course  in  the  Indiana  University, 
Valparaiso,  Ind..  and  in  the  fall  of  that  year  entered  the  senior  law 
class  of  Kansas  University,  graduating  in  1889  with  the  degree  of 
Bachelor  of  Laws.  He  then  was  admitted  to  the  Kansas  bar  and  located 
at  LeRoy,  Kans.,  where  he  was  engaged  in  the  practice  of  his  profession 
until  1890  when  he  came  to  Pittsburg,  where  he  has  since  been  actively 
engaged  in  his  profession.  Mr.  Wayde  has  an  extensive  practice  and  is 
recognized  as  one  of  the  capable  lawyers  of  southeastern  Kansas.  Aluch 
of  his  practice  in  recent  years  has  been  devoted  to  important  litigation 
which  has  reached  the  higher  courts,  and  he  has  had  many  cases  in 
the  supreme  court  of  Kansas,  and  has  frequently  appeared  in  the 
United  States  Supreme  Court.  Mr.  Wayde  is  a  Republican  and  has 
taken  an  active  and  conspicuous  part  in  both  local  and  State  politics. 


BIOGRAPHICAL  165 

having  served  as  a  member  of  the  Republican  County  Central  Committee, 
and  has  been  a  delegate  to  numerous  county  and  State  conventions.  In 
1902  he  was  elected  county  attorney  of  Crawford  county  and  re-elected 
to  that  office  in  1904,  and  his  two  terms  in  that  responsible  position 
were  marked  by  capable  and  conscientious  law  enforcement.  Mr.  W'ayde 
was  united  in  marriage  September  5,  1894,  to  Miss  Margaret  Pettigrew, 
a  native  of  Pennsylvania,  where  she  was  reared  and  educated,  and 
taught  school  for  a  number  of  years  prior  to  her  marriage.  Mrs.  \\'ayde 
dejiarted  this  life  .August  25,  1906,  leaving  one  child,  Hugh  Donald,  who 
is  now  a  student  in  the  State  Manual  Training  School,  Pittsburg,  Kans. 
Mr.  Wayde  is  a  member  of  the  Crawford  County  and  State  Bar  Associa- 
tions, and  is  a  Thirty-second  degree  Mason  and  a  member  of  the 
Bene\olent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks. 

J.  Luther  Taylor,  president  of  the  Pittsburg  Mortgage  Investment 
Company,  is  a  prominent  factor  in  the  financial  and  commercial  affairs 
of  Crawford  county.  He  is  a  native  of  the  Sunflower  State,  born  in 
Crawford  county,  July  24,  1872.  His  parents.  Joseph  I.  and  Mary  S. 
(Miller)  Taylor,  were  natives  of  Kentucky  and  pioneers  of  Crawford 
county,  Kansas.  The  Taylor  family  came  to  Kansas  in  1870,  driving 
the  entire  distance  from  Kentucky  in  a  prairie  schooner,  a  tedious  trip 
that  required  thirty  days.  The  father  settled  on  a  claim  in  Lincoln 
townshi])  and  proceeded  to  make  a  home  for  the  family,  and  this  property 
is  still  in  their  possession.  Here  J.  Luther  Taylor  was  born  and  his 
early  life  was  spent  amidst  these  surroundings.  He  attended  the  district 
school  and  in  the  fall  of  1888  entered  the  preparatory  department  of 
Baker  University,  and  after  s])cnding  three  years  in  the  preparatory 
department,  entered  the  University  proper,  where  he  was  graduated  in 
the  class  of  1895  with  the  degree  of  Bachelor  of  Arts.  At  the  fiftieth 
anniversary  of  the  University  the  degree  of  Master  of  Arts  was  con- 
ferred u])on  him.  After  completing  his  course  in  llaker  L'niversity  he 
entered  the  Xorthwestern  Law  School,  Chicago,  lUinnis,  and  was  grad- 
uated in  1878  with  the  degree  of  Bachelor  of  Laws.  He  then  engaged  in 
the  practice  of  his  i)rofession  at  Pittsburg,  Kans.  lie  had  a  large 
clientage,  which  was  more  on  the  financial  side  of  the  practice  of  a 
loan  and  investment  nature,  and,  finding  that  this  line  of  work  was  taking 
the  larger  part  of  his  time,  he  finally  drifted  into  that  line  of  practice 
exclusively,  and  in  1903  organized  the  Pittsburg  Mortgage  Investment 
Company,  which  was  the  reorganization  of  The  Taylor-Wheeler  &  Co., 
a  partnership  which  was  succeeded  by  the  cori)oration.  The  first  officers 
of  the  Pittsburg  Mortgage  Investment  Comp.iny  were  Joseph  I.  Taylor, 
president;  F.  P,.  Collins,  vice-president,  and  j.  Luther  Taylor,  secretary 
and  treasurer.  In  1910,  at  the  death  of  Joseph  I.  TayK)r,  J.  Luther 
Taylor  succeeded  to  the  presidency.  This  comjjany  has  had  a  rapid 
and  substantial  growth  since  its  organization,  their  capital  stock  is 
$90,000,  paid  up.     During  the  last  ten  years  preceding  January,   1914, 


l66  BIOGRAPHICAL 

their  deposits  for  investment  for  the  months  of  Janiiar}'  alone  have  grown 
from  $31,937-15  to  $220,123.4(5.  They  are  the  financial  correspondents 
for  the  Aetna  Life  Insurance  Company,  of  Hartford,  Conn.,  for 
the  State  of  Kansas  and  have  loaned  several  million  dollars  on  im- 
proved farms  without  the  loss  of  a  single  dollar  of  principal  or  interest. 
Thev  have  clients  in  twenty-five  ditiferent  states,  and  their  stock  of 
loans  is  seldom  less  than  $100,000.  Their  loans  are  personally  selected 
and  therefore  safe  and  conservative.  \\'hile  the  mortgage  investment 
business  practically  occupies  all  of  Mr.  Taylor's  time,  he  is  interested 
in  many  other  local  enterprises  of  importance.  He  is  a  director  of  the 
First  Xational  Bank  of  Pittsburg  and  was  one  of  the  organizers  of  The 
Home  Heat,  Light  &  Power  Company.  Mr.  Taylor  was  united  in  mar- 
riage November  2,  189S,  to  Miss  Ethel,  daughter  of  J.  M.  and  Mary 
(Swallow)  Cavaness,  the  former  a  native  of  North  Carolina  and  the 
latter  of  Texas.  J.  M.  Cavaness  came  to  Kansas  in  the  early  6o's  and 
attended  Baker  University,  being  the  first  graduate  of  that  institution. 
He  was  a  pioneer  newspaper  man  of  Kansas,  being  editor  of  the  Chetopa 
'"Advance"  for  a  number  of  years,  and  later  removed  to  Chanute  and 
bought  the  Chanute  Tribune,  and  now  resides  in  that  city.  Mrs.  Taylor 
was  born  in  Labette  county  and  after  attending  the  public  schools  of 
Chetopa,  entered  Baker  University,  where  she  was  graduated  in  the 
class  of  1897  with  the  degree  of  Bachelor  of  Arts  and  taught  school  at 
Chetopa  for  a  year  prior  to  her  marriage.  To  ]Mr.  and  Mrs.  Taylor 
have  been  born  four  children:  Joseph,  died  in  infancy;  John  Irven,  Mary 
Elizabeth  and  Katherine,  all  students  at  the  Manual  Training  Normal 
Model  School,  Pittsburg.  ^Ir.  and  Mrs.  Taylor  are  members  of  the 
Methodist  Episcopal  Church,  of  which  he  is  President  of  the  Board  of 
Trustees  and  was  Chairman  of  the  Building  Committee  during  the 
construction  of  the  magnificent  Methodist  Episcopal  Church  of  Pittsburg. 
Mr.  Taylor  is  a  liberal  contributor  to  the  church  and  church  work  and  is 
a  member  of  tiie  (jeneral  Committee  of  the  Methodist  Church  and  has 
been  a  delegate  to  several  General  Conferences.  He  is  also  prominent 
in  the  work  of  the  Young  Men's  Christian  Association  and  has  been 
President  of  that  thriving  organization  since  it  was  founded  in  Pittsburg. 
He  is  also  a  member  of  the  State  Board  of  the  Young  Men's  Christian 
Association  of  Kansas.  He  is  a  Trustee  of  Baker  University  and  of 
Bethany  Hospital.    Politically  he  is  a  Republican. 

John  Moore,  now  deceased,  was  a  Kansas  pioneer  and  Civil  war 
veteran  and  was  one  of  the  first  four  settlers  composing  the  vanguard 
of  the  hardy  pioneers  who  took  up  their  homes  in  Comanche  county 
in  the  early  eighties.  He  was  born  in  Belmont  county,  Ohio,  June  2. 
1840,  and  was  a  son  of  Aser  and  Sarah  ( Dawson)  Moore.  He  was 
one  of  a  family  of  seven  children,  as  follows:  Lucinda,  Mary.  Jolin, 
Moses,  Sarah.  Luman  and  Lydia  Ann,  only  two  of  whom  are  now 
living,  Moses  and  Luman.    John  Moore  spent  his  boyhood  days  on  the 


BIOGUAI'lIICAL  167 

Ohio  farm  and  lived  the  peaceful  life  of  the  average  farm  boy  until 
the  Civil  war  broke  out,  when,  in  answer  to  the  President's  first  call 
for  volunteers,  he  enlisted  in  Company  A,  Fifty-third  regiment,  Ohio 
infantry,  and  at  the  expiration  of  his  term  of  service  re-enlisted,  and 
served  until  the  close  of  the  war,  four  years  in  all.  He  had  an  active 
military  career  and  took  part  in  many  important  battles,  weary  marches 
and  tiresome  vigils,  but  fortunateh-  thrcnighout  his  long  military  career 
he  escajied  without  a  scar  of  war.  .Vt  the  close  of  the  war  he  returned 
to  Ohio,  where  he  remained  until  1876  when  he  came  to  Kansas  and  en- 
gaged in  farming  in  Llourbon  county,  remaining  there  three  years;  he 
then  went  to  Sumner  county,  where  he  was  similarly  engaged  five 
years.  In  1883  he  went  to  Comanche  county;  this  was  sometime  before 
the  county  was  organized,  and  he  was  one  of  the  first  to  take  u])  gov- 
ernment land  in  that  section.  He  located  on  the  place  which  now 
adjoins  the  town  of  Protection  on  the  south  and  that  property  still  be- 
longs to  his  heirs.  He  was  active  and  prominent  in  the  organization 
of  Comanche  county  and  likewise  a  promoter  of  the  town  of  Protection. 
He  was  a  lifelong  Republican,  but  never  pushed  himself  forward  for 
pdliiical  preferment.  He  was  a  modest,  unassuming  man  and  preferred 
to  a\oid  publicity.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Grand  Army  of  the  Re- 
public but  belonged  to  no  other  lodges.  He  was  united  in  marriage 
August  16,  1866,  to  j\Iiss  Isabelle  Victoria,  daughter  of  James  A.  and 
Mary  A.  (Uanks)  Miller,  the  former  a  native  of  Ohio  born  in  182 1,  and 
died  in  191 2,  and  the  latter  a  native  of  Maryland  born  in  1821,  and  died 
in  1900.  Mrs.  Moore  was  born  Sei)tember  3,  1847  '"  Perry  county,  Ohio, 
and  was  one  of  a  family  of  six  children,  as  follows :  Isabelle  Victoria, 
Mar}'  Catherine,  Leah  Rebecca,  Samuel  F.,  William  Banks  and  Cornelia 
Ann,  all  lixing  except  Leah  Rebecca  and  Cornelia  Ann.  To  Mr.  and 
Mrs.  Moore  were  born  six  children:  Charles  Warfield,  born  July  10, 
1808;  Clara  Eva.  born  March  7.  1871;  Liilie  Ma_\'.  born  September  2. 
1874,  died  Xovemljer  19,  1910;  Sarah  .Ann,  Ixnn  l-'ebruary  14,  187');  1  lomer 
Eugene,  born  Xovember  16,  1881,  in  I'.durlxin  cnunly,  Kansas,  and  Edgar 
Francis,  born  in  Sumner  county,  Kansas,  June  10,  1883.  John  Moore 
died  at  his  home  in  Protection  October  26.  1894.  and  his  wife,  an  esti- 
mable vvdinan.  nnw  resides  at  Prulectinn.  where  she  is  well  knnwn  and 
has  many  friend^. 

Hugh  W.  Vance,  nnw  deceased,  was  a  Kansas  ])i(ineer  and  an  honnred 
citizen  whcj  took  a  ])ruminent  jjart  in  the  earl}'  development  of  Comanche 
county.  To  such  men  as  Hugh  W.  \'ance  Kansas  owes  the  beginning 
of  its  greatness.  He  was  born  on  a  farm  in  Roane  county,  Tennessee, 
December  zj.  1838;  his  ])arents  were  Hugh  and  Rachel  ( lilair)  Vance, 
natives  of  Tennessee.  They  were  theparents  of  the  following  children: 
John.  William,  James.  Lucinda,  Hannah  and  Hugh,  all  of  whom  are  now 
deceased  except  William,  wiio  resides  at  Las  .\nimas,  Colo.  Hugh  W. 
\'ance   received   his  education   in   the   |inblic   schools  of  '{"ennessee,  ;ni(l 


l68  BIOGRAPHICAL 

in  1857.  when  nineteen  years  of  age,  removed  with  his  mother  and  the 
other  members  of  the  family,  except  the  father  who  died  in  Tennessee, 
to  Decatur  county,  Iowa,  where  the  mother  died  March  10,  1874.  Here 
the  young  man  followed  farming  until  1885  when  he  came  to  Kansas, 
locating  on  government  land  in  Comanche  county,  near  Protection. 
Here  he  followed  farming  and  stock  raising  and  added  a  large  acreage 
to  his  original  homestead,  and  become  one  of  the  prosperous  and  suc- 
cessful citizens  of  Comanche  county.  He  was  a  Democrat  and  took 
a  keen  interest  in  public  affairs,  cooperating  with  every  movement  for 
the  development  and  betterment  of  the  community,  but  never  aspired 
to  hold  political  office.  He  preferred  to  be  a  good  citizen  rather  than 
an  office  holder.  On  September  9,  1867,  he  was  united  in  marriage  at 
Knoxville,  Iowa,  to  Miss  Xancy  Emeline,  daughter  of  Jacob  and  Eliza- 
beth (Fronk)  Xoftsger.  Mrs.  \'ance  was  born  at  Knoxville,  Iowa, 
July  15,  1848,  and  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  that  town.  Her 
parents  were  pioneers  of  Iowa,  and  among  the  very  first  settlers  in  the 
vicinity  of  Knoxville.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Vance  were  born  nine  children, 
as  follows:  Rachael  Elizabeth,  born  March  17,  i86q.  married  Chester  \\'. 
Hungerford,  farmer.  Alfalfa  county.  Oklahoma;  Mary  Margaret  married 
Perry  A.  Johnston,  a  sketch  of  whom  appears  in  this  volume;  \\'illiam 
Beda,  born  May  13.  1874,  farmer.  Alfalfa  county,  Oklahoma;  James 
Lloj-d,  born  March  9.  1881.  farmer.  P.eaver  cotmty.  Oklahoma;  Frank 
Edvvin  and  Fred  Irwin  (twins),  born  January  21.  1885.  the  former 
residing  at  Protection  and  the  latter  at  \\'ilmore.  Kans.  Since  the  death 
of  her  husband  Mrs.  Vance  has  sold  the  home  ranch  and  now  resides 
at  Protection.  She  is  a  public  spirited  woman  and  takes  an  active 
interest  in  the  public  affairs  of  her  home  town  and  current  events.  She 
is  a  member  of  the  Baptist  church  and  prominent  in  the  work  of  that 
deniimination. 

Squire  Hazen  Lackey,  now  deceased,  was  a  successful  farmer  and 
stockman  of  southwestern  Kansas  and  one  of  the  substantial  citizens 
of  Clark  county.  He  was  a  native  of  Pennsylvania,  born  in  Crawford 
county  December  22.  1847,  ^  son  of  Isaac  and  Emeline  (Ball)  Lackey, 
also  natives  of  the  Keystone  State.  Isaac  Lackey  was  born  in  Craw- 
ford county  and  was  a  son  of  William  and  Mary  (Hazen)  Lackey.  He 
followed  farming  all  his  life  in  Pennsylvania  and  died  in  Mercer  county, 
that  State,  June  19,  1893.  His  wife.  Emeline  Ball,  was  a  daughter  of 
William  and  Jane  (Bishop)  Ball,  natives  of  England.  She  was  born 
in  1835  and  died  ]\Iay  13.  1874.  Isaac  and  Emeline  (Ball)  Lackey  were 
the  parents  of  ten  children,  as  follows:  Squire  Hazen,  the  subject  of 
this  sketch  ;  Alary  Jane  (deceased)  ;  Penrose  (deceased)  ;  Miranda,  .Alvira, 
Jerome,  Charles,  Katherine,  Esther  and  Hiram.  Squire  Hazen  Lackey 
received  a  good  academic  education  and  in  early  life  was  engaged  as 
a  contractor,  getting  out  railroad  timber  in  his  native  State,  and  suc- 
cessfully  followed  that  business  until    1887,  when  he  came  to  Kansas 


BIOGRAPHICAL  169 

and  Ixiufj^ht  several  tliousand  acres  of  land  seven  miles  west  of  Ashland 
in  Clark  county,  ha\ing  at  one  time  under  fence  over  15,000  acres.  He 
engaged  in  the  cattle  business  and  was  one  of  the  successful  cattle 
men  of  the  Southwest.  He  took  a  prominent  part  in  the  public  affairs 
of  the  coimty  and  was  a  prominent  Republican,  but  did  not  seek  political 
honors.  In  i8q6  his  party  nominated  him  for  sheriff'  of  Clark  county 
without  his  consent  and  against  his  wish,  but  he  declined  to  make  the 
race.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Baptist  church  and  a  liberal  contributor 
to  the  cause  of  Christianity.  He  died  at  Ashland  December  11,  1897, 
and  thus  closed  the  career  of  an  acti\e  and  useful  citizen  of  Clark 
county.  Mr.  Lackey  was  married  Xovemljer  6,  1873,  in  Mercer  county, 
Pennsylvania,  to  Miss  Rebecca  .\nn,  daughter  of  Lewis  and  Margaret 
(Reiley)  Lindsey,  a  native  of  Mercer  county,  Pennsylvania,  born  Oc- 
tober 16,  1852.  Her  parents  were  also  natives  of  Pennsylvania  and 
descendants  of  i)ioneer  Pennsylvania  stock.  The  father  was  born  in 
^[ercer  ctninty  May  i,  1808,  and  in  early  life  was  engaged  in  the 
lumber  business,  and  later  followed  farming  and  was  a  breeder  of 
blooded  stock.  He  died  in  Mercer  county,  Penns3'lvania,  February  22, 
i8<)0.  His  wife  was  also  born  in  Mercer  county,  January  7,  1810,  and 
died  February  15,  1877.  The\'  were  married  June  10.  1834.  and  ten 
children  were  born  to  this  union:  John,  born  March  17,  1835,  and  died 
at  Camp  Convalescent,  near  Ale.xandria,  Va.,  December  6,  1862,  while 
ser\'ing  with  the  Sixty-first  regiment,  Pennsylvania  infantry,  in  tlie 
Civil  war;  William,  born  .\ugust  16,  1836,  died  May  20,  1899;  Flizabeth, 
born  .-Xugust  22.  1838.  died  October  24,  1853;  Louisa,  born  August  18, 
1840;  Ellen,  born  August  5,  1842,  died  October  23.  1913;  Louis  and 
Margaret  (twins),  born  October  r,  1844,  died  in  infancy;  Xancy,  born 
May  16,  1847;  IVFelissa.  Ixirn  Xo\ember  26,  1849.  and  Rebecca  .Ann,  now 
the  widow  of  Sciuire  Hazen  Lackey  whose  name  intrnduces  this  sketch. 
To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Lackey  were  born  four  children,  as  follows:  llarmie, 
born  September  2,  1874,  died  Xovember  20,  1899;  Lena  Blanche,  born 
December  24,  1878,  married  W.  B.  Crimes,  Clark  county;  Audlcy  \'ance, 
born  August  29,  1883,  and  the  youngest  child  was  a  son  who  died  in 
infancy.  Mrs.  Lackey  is  a  member  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church 
and  takes  a  prominent  part  in  th?  church  work  of  her  Imme  town.  She 
resides  at  Ashland,  where  she  is  well  known  and  ])ri  luu'iienl  in  the 
commimity. 

Carl  Oscar  Pingry,  a  well  known  Crawford  county  attorney  and 
veteran  of  the  Si)anisli-.\merican  war,  is  a  native  of  Indiana.  He  was 
born  in  Jay  county,  September  23,  1876,  and  is  a  son  of  Rev.  Thomas 
and  Amanda  (Short)  Pingry.  The  father  is  a  Methodist  minister,  hav- 
ing de\()ted  his  life  to  that  calling  and  is  still  acti\e  in  the  ministry,  now 
being  located  in  Oklahoma.  When  Carl  Oscar,  of  this  review,  was  less 
than  a  year  did,  the  family  remo^•ed  to  Missouri,  where  the  father  was 
engaged   in   the   ministry   fi)r  a   number  of  years.     In    1888  he  came  to 


170  BIOGRAPHICAL 

Kansas,  and  for  a  time  was  located  at  Tialdwin  and  later  at  Osawatomie. 
Carl  Oscar  Pingry  attended  the  public  schools  at  the  various  places 
where  the  family  was  located,  and  while  at  Baldwin  attended  Baker 
University  Academy  for  three  years,  and  later  graduated  in  the 
Osawatomie  High  School,  in  the  class  of  1895.  He  then  taught  school 
in  Miami  county  two  years,  when  he  came  to  Crawford  county  as  prin- 
cipal of  the  Midway  school.  When  the  Spanish-American  war  broke 
out,  he  enlisted  in  April.  1898.  in  Company  D,  Twentieth  Kansas  regi- 
ment, and  served  with  that  famous  organization  under  General  Funston 
in  the  I^hilippine  Islands.  During  his  term  of  service  he  participated 
in  twenty-six  battles  and  was  mustered  out  with  his  regiment  in  1899, 
having  attained  the  rank  of  quarter  master  sergeant.  He  then  entered 
Central  College,  Fa3ette,  Mo.,  where  he  was  a  student  for  one  year, 
when  he  went  to  Colorado,  and  in  the  fall  of  1901  returned  to  Crawford 
county,  where  he  was  engaged  in  institute  work  for  a  time  and  later 
taught  school.  He  was  principal  of  the  Litchfield  schools  for  two  years 
and  of  the  Chicopee  schools  for  one  year,  and  in  1904  entered  the  law 
department  of  Kansas  University,  where  he  completed  the  regularly 
prescribed  three  j-ears'  course  in  two  years,  graduating  in  the  class  of 
1906,  with  the  degree  of  Bachelor  of  Laws.  \\'hile  in  college  he  took  a 
prominent  part  in  athletics,  and  was  a  member  of  the  University 
Athletic  Board.  After  graduating  from  the  university  he  was  admitted 
to  the  Kansas  State  bar,  and  engaged  in  the  jsractice  of  his  profession  at 
Pittsburg,  Kans.,  in  partnership  witli  J.  M.  \\'a\de,  under  the  firm 
name  of  \\'ayde  &  Pingry.  This  partnershij)  arrangement  continued 
about  one  year,  and  since  that  time  Mr.  Pingry  has  been  engaged  in  the 
practice  alone.  In  April,  1913,  he  was  appointed  city  attorney  of  Pitts- 
burg, and  is  serving  in  that  capacity  at  the  present  time.  Mr.  Pingry 
is  a  Republican  and  takes  an  active  part  in  politics.  He  has  been  secre- 
tary of  the  Republican  County  Central  Committee,  and  is  at  present  a 
member  of  the  county  and  city  committees.  He  was  united  in  mar- 
riage July  25,  1905,  to  Miss  Maud  Ingleman,  of  Lawrence,  Kans.  Mrs. 
Pingry  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  W'averly,  Mo.,  the  high 
school  at  Lawrence,  Kans.,  and  Kansas  University.  They  have  one 
child,  Carl  Oscar,  Jr.,  a  student  in  the  Pittsburg  public  schools.  I\Ir. 
Pingrj'  is  prominent  in  Masonic  lodge  circles,  and  is  also  a  member  of 
the  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks,  Knights  and  Ladies  of 
Security,  Fraternal  Order  of  Eagles,  Loyal  Order  of  Moose,  Acacia  Fra- 
ternity, and  the  Phi  Delta  Phi. 

Charles  S.  Denison,  a  prominent  attorney  of  Pittsburg,  Kans.,  is 
a  native  of  the  Sunflower  State.  He  was  born  at  Osage  Mission,  near 
St.  Paul,  Kans..  August  28,  1879,  and  is  a  son  of  J.  L.  and  Martha  (Huag- 
land )  Denison.  His  father  was  a  pioneer  attorney  of  Kansas,  who  came 
to  this  State  from  Pennsylvania  in  1859,  during  the  territorial  days  of 
Kansas.     He    was    a    capable    lawyer    and    practiced    his    profession    in 


moGRAPHICAL  171 

Neosho  county  until  liis  death.  1  le  was  i)riiminent  in  ])cilitics,  and  served 
as  county  clerk,  clerk  of  the  district  court  and  county  attorney  of 
Neosho  county.  IJe  died  at  Erie.  Kans..  Aujjust  14.  1908,  and  his  widow 
still  survives.  Charles  S.  Deni.son,  of  this  review,  was  educated  in  the 
public  schools  of  Neosho  county  and  graduated  from  the  l'>ie  Ilit^h 
School  in  the  class  of  1897.  Jie  read  law  under  the  preceptorship  of  his 
father,  and  in  December,  1902,  was  admitted  to  the  bar  of  Kansas  and 
began  the  practice  of  his  profession  in  his  home  tnwn,  I'.ric.  lie  was 
successful  in  the  ]iractice  from  the  start  and  soon  his  clientage  included 
a  number  of  imjiortant  corporations,  including'  a  nimiber  of  oil  anrl 
railroad  companies.  He  continued  the  practice  of  his  profession  in  Eri-, 
imtil  September  7,  1907,  when  he  removed  to  I'ittsburg,  Kans.,  where 
he  continues  to  enjoy  a  large  and  important  law  practice.  His  offices 
are  located  in  the  Commerce  building,  and  are  among  the  best  equipped 
of  Crawford  county.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Crawford  County  and 
State  Bar  Associations.  Mr.  Denison  is  a  close  student  of  the  law.  and 
a  recognized  attorney  of  high  standing. 

Lewis  H.  Phillips,  a  prominent  attorney  of  southeastern  Kansas,  en- 
gaged in  the  practice  at  Pittsburg,  is  a  native  of  the  liuckeye  State.  Ho 
was  born  at  V'iscent,  Athens  county,  Ohio,  May  10,  1867,  and  is  a  son  3f 
George  N.  and  Sarah  E.  (Crewson)  Phillips,  both  natives  of  Ohio.  The 
mother  died  when  the  subject  of  this  review  was  but  two  years  of  age, 
and  the  following  j'ear  the  father  removed  to  Kansas,  locating  at  Girard. 
where  he  was  engaged  in  the  hotel  business.  In  1874  Lewis  H.  went 
to  live  with  an  aunt,  who  resided  in  Ohio.  He  began  his  educational 
career  there,  attending  the  public  schools  until  1880,  when  he  returned 
to  his  father's  home  at  Girard,  Kans.,  where  he  attended  high  school 
In  1885  he  received  the  appointment  as  postal  clerk  in  the  railway  mail 
service,  and  for  four  years  was  engaged  in  that  cai)acity.  lie  then  en- 
tered the  office  of  Judge  Arthur  Fuller,  as  a  law  student,  and  on  July 
6,  1891,  passed  the  bar  examination,  and  was  admitted  to  the  practice 
of  law  before  the  supreme  coiun  of  Kansas  and  was  associated  with 
E.  W.  Arnold,  at  Girard,  Kans.,  in  the  ])ractice  of  his  profession  about 
two  years.  He  then  entered  Georget<iwn  University,  Washington. 
D.  C,  where  he  completed  the  law  course  in  1894,  and  was  graduated 
with  the  degree  of  Master  of  Laws.  He  then  returned  to  Girard,  where 
he  was  engaged  in  the  j^ractice  of  his  ])rcifession,  and  was  a  member  of 
the  firm  of  Ryan  &  Phillips  until  1908.  In  January,  191,3,  he  removed 
to  Pittsburg,  and  since  that  time  his  law  offices  have  been  located  in 
the  Commerce  building.  Mr.  Phillips  not  only  has  an  extensive  law 
])ractice,  but  has  been  an  active  and  dominant  factttr  in  the  electric  rail- 
way business.  He  conceived  the  great  future  possibilities  of  electric 
transportation  in  southeastern  Kansas,  and  promoted  the  Girard  Coal 
P.elt  Electric  Railway,  and  through  his  efforts  every  dollar  of  the  capital 
of  that  enterprise  was  raised.     This  road  ran  from  Girard  to  Crowberg 


172  BIOGRAPHICAL 

and  Dunkirk,  and  now  forms  a  part  of  the  Pittsburg  &  Joplin  Electric 
Railway  System.  Mr.  Phillips  was  secretary  and  general  manager  of 
the  original  company,  and  after  that  company  was  absorbed  by  its  suc- 
cessor, he  continued  as  general  manager  of  that  division  for  nearly  two 
years.  In  former  days  he  was  prominent  in  the  Democratic  ranks,  both 
in  State  and  local  politics,  but  in  more  recent  years  his  political  affilia- 
tions have  been  with  the  Socialistic  party.  Mr.  Phillips  has  been  twice 
married,  his  first  marriage  occurred  ^larch  31,  18S6,  to  ]Miss  Sylvia  M., 
daughter  of  \\'.  A.  and  Jennie  Gaylord,  of  Girard,  Kans.  She  was  a 
native  of  Illinois,  but  reared  in  Ivansas.  where  her  parents  located  when 
she  was  a  child.  She  received  her  education  in  the  convent  at  Osage 
Mission,  Kans.  Mrs.  Phillii)s  died  July  6,  1898,  leaving  one  child,  Xeola 
\\'.,  who  was  educated  in  the  Girard  High  School  and  the  State  Manual 
College,  Pittsburg,  Kans.,  and  is  now  the  wife  of  W.  C.  Allen.  Pitts- 
burg, Kans.  On  ^lay  i,  1901,  Mr.  Phillips-  was  united  in  marriage  to 
Miss  X'ictoria  O.,  daughter  of  Judge  J.  G.  Dorman,  of  Henry  county, 
Missouri.  Mrs.  Phillips  was  born  in  Henry  county,  Missouri,  and  edu- 
cated in  the  public  schools  and  Baird  College,  Clinton,  Mo.  Mr.  and 
Mrs.  Phillips  have  two  children,  Udolphia  S.  and  Katherin  L.,  both 
students  at  the  Manual  Training  Normal  College,  Pittsburg,  Kans. 
The  family  are  members  of  the  Christian  church,  and  Mr.  Phillips  is  a 
member  of  the  Knights  of  Pythias,  the  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order 
of  Elks.  cTud  the  County  and  State  Ear  Associations. 

Frederick  B.  Wheeler,  a  prominent  member  of  the  Crawford  county 
bar,  was  born  in  Arnoldsville,  Buchanan  county,  Mo.,  August  20,  1869. 
He  is  a  son  of  Philip  LeRoy  and  Mary  A.  (Powers)  \\'heeler,  the  former 
a  native  of  Connecticut  and  the  latter  of  Xew  York.  The  father  was 
a  farmer  and  after  leaving  his  native  State  resided  for  a  time  in  Xew 
York  and  from  there  went  to  Illinois,  where  he  was  engaged  in  farm- 
ing near  Galesburg,  and  later  removed  to  Missouri,  In  1880  the  family 
removed  to  Kansas,  locating  at  Axtell,  Marshall  county.  Frederick 
B.  Wheeler  received  his  education  in  the  public  school  and  was  graduated 
from  the  Axtell  High  School  in  the  class  of  1887,  He  then  entered 
Kansas  University  at  Lawrence,  and  after  pursuing  the  regular  course 
two  years,  entered  the  law  department,  where  he  was  graduated  in 
the  class  of  1893  with  the  degree  of  Bachelor  of  Laws.  After  being 
admitted  to  the  Kansas  bar  he  went  to  Pittsburg  and  engaged  in  the 
practice  of  his  profession,  where  he  has  since  devoted  himself  to  his 
professional  work.  Mr.  \\'heeler  is  recognized  as  a  lawyer  of  unusual 
ability  and  is  regarded  as  one  of  the  leaders  of  his  profession  in  south- 
eastern Kansas.  He  is  a  Republican  and  a  prominent  figure  in  local 
politics.  In  1898  he  was  elected  to  legislature  from  Crawford  county, 
and  re-elected  in  1905,  serving  with  distinction  in  that  body.  He  is  a 
member  of  the  Pittsburg  Commercial  Club  and  has  served  as  president 
of  that  organization.     Mr.  \\'heeler  was  married  December  26,  1896,  to 


BIOGRAlMIICAr.  I73 

Miss  Mabel,  dau<;;hter  of  Judge  J.  P.  Raiincy,  of  Miami  couiily.  Mrs. 
Wheeler  was  born  at  Paola,  Kans.,  and  graduated  in  liie  high  school 
at  that  place;  she  then  attended  Kansas  University  and  the  State  Manual 
Normal  Training  School,  getting  her  A.  V>.  degree.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
\\'heeler  have  been  born  five  children :  Mary  Cecil,  James  Ranney, 
Frederick  Gaskell,  Philip  LeRoy  and  William  Xewton.  Mr.  Wheeler 
is  a  member  of  the  State  and  County  Bar  Associations  and  is  a  Thirty- 
second  degree  Mason.  He  is  also  a  member  of  the  Benevolent  and 
Protective  Order  of  Elks  and  the  Knights  and  Ladies  of  Security.  The 
family  are  members  nf  the  Christian  Science  church. 

Patrick  J.  McGinley,  the  well  known  and  jjoinilar  cashier  of  the 
Frontenac  State  I5ank  of  Frontenac,  Kans.,  has  the  unique  distinction 
of  being  born  an  American  citizen  in  a  foreign  land.  Pie  was  born  at 
Killybegs,  Ireland,  (October  14,  1870,  while  his  mother  was  temporarily 
residing  in  that  country.  Mr.  McGinley  is  a  son  of  Patrick  C.  and  .\nn 
(Brady)  McGinley.  both  natives  of  Ireland.  They  immigrated  to  America 
and  located  in  Cleveland,  Ohio,  where  they  resided  a  number  of  years 
before  Patrick  J.,  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  was  born.  Later  they  re- 
moved to  Kansas,  located  at  Chetopa  and  afterwards  went  to  Oklahoma, 
where  the  father  died  in  1897,  and  the  mother  departed  this  life  in  igii. 
Patrick  J.  McGinley  spent  most  of  his  boyhood  days  at  Chetopa,  where 
he  attended  the  public  schools  and  engaged  in  his  first  business  venture 
while  a  mere  boy,  his  vocation  consisting  in  what  was  known  as  running 
a  town  herd.  We  next  find  him  clerking  in  a  grocery  store  for  a  short 
time  when  he  entered  a  railroad  office  at  Chetopa  and  learned  telegraphy, 
and  twenty  years  of  his  life  was  spent  in  the  railroad  business  in  the' 
emjiloy  of  the  Missouri,  Kansas  &  Te.xas  railroad  and  the  Missouri- 
Pacific  Railroad  Company.  During  this  time  he  served  as  telegraph 
operator  and  railroad  agent  at  various  places  on  the  line  of  these  roads. 
In  1903  he  engaged  in  the  mercantile  business  at  Norman,  Okla.,  and 
for  five  years  conducted  a  successful  and  profitable  business  there,  until 
in  1908,  when  he  accepted  the  cashicrship  of  the  Frontenac  State  Bank, 
and  since  that  time  has  been  engaged  in  that  capacity.  This  is  the 
only  bank  in  the  thriving  town  of  Frontenac,  and  was  organized  in 
1904  with  a  paid-u])  capital  stock  of  $10,000,  which  was  increased  to 
$15,000  in  1914.  The  present  officers  are  Jams  S.  Patton,  president; 
Patrick  J.  McGinley,  cashier,  and  Jacob  Hitman,  vice-jiresident,  all  of 
whnm  reside  at  Frontenac.  The  bank  owns  its  own  building,  a  sub- 
stantial two-story  brick  structure.  They  do  a  general  banking  business, 
have  a  large  patronage  and  the  bank  has  had  a  steady  and  substantial 
growth  in  the  volume  of  business  since  its  organization,  and  is  one  of 
the  substantial  financial  institutions  of  Crawford  connty.  Mr.  Mc- 
Ginley was  married  October  iS,  1898,  to  Aliss  Fmma  F.  Pomi)cney,  of 
Olathe,  Kans.  Mrs.  McGinley  is  a  sister  of  Father  T'nnijieney,  of 
Pittsburg,    Kans.      To    Mr.    and    Mrs.    McGinley    have    been    born    five 


174  BIOGRAPHICAL 

children:  Joseph,  a  student  at  St.  Mary's  College,  St.  Marjs,  Kans. ; 
Anne,  Zita,  Felicia  and  Francis.  Politically  Mr.  McGinley  is  a  staunch 
supporter  of  the  policies  and  principles  of  the  Democratic  party.  He 
has  taken  a  prominent  part  in  the  local  affairs  of  his  party,  and  stands 
high  in  its  councils  in  the  State.  He  has  served  for  three  years  on  the 
school  board  of  Frontenac  and  while  a  resident  of  Labette  county  was 
his  party's  nominee  for  the  office  of  register  of  deeds,  but  was  defeated 
on  account  of  the  minority  position  held  by  his  party  in  that  county. 
In  1914  Mr.  McGinley  received  the  Democratic  nomination  for  Congress 
in  the  Third  Kansas  district,  and,  after  an  honorable  campaign  on  his 
part,  bore  the  standard  of  his  party  to  honorable  defeat  in  the  district, 
normally  overwhelmingly  Republican.  He  received  more  votes  than 
any  previous  Democratic  candidate  for  Congress  in  that  district.  The 
result  of  this  campaign  is  no  discredit  to  Mr.  McGinley  under  the  con- 
ditions. During  his  business  career  in  Crawford  county  he  has  won 
many  friends,  and  his  capability,  honesty  and  integrity  entitle  him  to  a 
place  among  the  leading  citizens  of  the  Sunflower  State. 

John  R.  Lindburg,  president  of  the  First  Xational  Bank  of  Pittsburg, 
Kans.,  has  been  connected  with  the  growth  and  development  of  the 
commercial  and  financial  affairs  of  this  city  since  its  beginning.  When 
he  settled  here  in  1877  Pittsburg  was  a  mere  hamlet  with  forty-two 
inhabitants  and  since  that  time  he  has  been  an  energetic  worker  and  a 
dominant  factor  in  the  development  of  industrial  southeastern  Kansas, 
and  by  his  hearty  cooperation  in  the  remarkable  growth  and  upbuilding 
of  Pittsburg  has  made  himself  an  influential  personality  in  the  com- 
munitv,  and  is  recognized  as  one  of  its  foremost  citizens.  John  R. 
Lindburg  was  born  at  Wimmerby,  Sweden,  Xcivember  22,  1849,  ^^'^ 
is  a  son  of  S.  P.  and  Sophia  (Munson)  Lindburg.  His  father  was 
superintendent  of  a  large  estate  in  the  old  county,  but  later  immigrated 
to  America  and  located  at  Red  Oak,  Iowa.  John  R.  was  educated  in  the 
public  schools  of  his  native  land  and  graduated  at  Wimmerby  College, 
after  which  he  clerked  in  a  store  for  a  short  time  and  in  1868,  when 
nineteen  vears  of  age.  immigrated  to  .\merica,  locating  in  Chicago,  where 
he  worked  at  odd  jobs  for  three  months,  and  was  engaged  in  the 
mercantile  business  for  a  short  time,  when  he  went  to  Geneseo,  111., 
where  he  worked  in  a  general  store  for  a  time.  He  then  went  to  Cam- 
bridge, 111.,  and  engaged  in  the  mercantile  business  as  a  member  of 
the  firm  of  Randall,  Alfred  &  Lindburg.  In  1876  he  severed  his  connec- 
tion with  that  concern  and  went  to  Red  Oak,  Iowa,  where  his  parents  then 
resided.  Here  he  remained  with  his  ])arents  for  a  time  and  clerked  in 
a  store,  and  in  1877  started  out  in  search  of  a  location  and  came  to 
Pittsburg.  His  selection  of  this  locality  was  not  accidental  or  haphazard. 
He  had  studied  the  maps  of  the  government  geological  survey  which 
showed  the  little  hamlet  of  forty-two  inhabitants,  now  the  great  com- 
mercial city  of  Pittsburg,  was  practical!}-  in  the  center  of  a  great  field 


BIOGRAPHICAL  I75 

of  rich  coal  deposits,  and  ]\Ir.  Lindbiirtj  figured  thai  that  meant  future 
industrial  development  for  that  section,  and  time  has  proven  that  he 
was  correct.  Me  had  studied  pharmacy  in  his  nati\e  land  and  determined 
to  engage  in  the  drug  business,  and  accordingly  formed  a  partnership 
with  J.  W.  Stryker,  and  they  opened  a  drug  store  under  the  firm  name 
of  Lindburg  &  Stryker,' and  also  handled  a  line  of  books,  stationery  and 
drug  supplies.  Twe  years  later  Mr.  Lindburg  purchased  his  partner's 
interest  and  conducted  the  business  until  iS8(i,  when  he  became  one  of 
the  organizers  of  the  First  National  Bink  of  Pittsburg.  Since  that 
time  he  has  been  a  dominant  factor  in  directing  the  policy  of  that 
institution.  The  bank  was  organized  with  a  paid-u]3  ca])ital  stock  of 
$50,000  and  at  its  organization  T.  J.  Hale  became  president.  John  R. 
Lindburg  vice-president  and  C.  1'.  Hale  cashier.  In  January,  1907,  the 
capital  was  increased  to  $100,000.  In  1887  Air.  Lindburg  became  presi- 
dent of  the  bank  and  has  held  that  important  position  to  the  present 
time.  On  assuming  the  responsibility  of  this  important  position  he 
devoted  all  his  energies  to  making  The  First  National  Rank  the 
great  financial  factor  which  it  is  in  southeastern  Kansas  today.  He  has 
been  an  active  working  president  of  that  institution  since  the  day  of 
his  election,  always  on  the  job  and  his  genial  temperament  and  pleasant 
maimer  in  the  treatment  of  his  associates  and  the  general  public  have 
been  important  elements  in  the  institution's  success.  The  First  National 
liank  has  had  a  remarkable  growth,  and  is  one  of  the  strongest  banking 
institutions  in  the  country,  and  has  shown  capable  and  conservative 
management  since  its  organization,  and  is  one  of  the  banks  that  has 
always  weathered  every  financial  flurry  without  a  tremor.  In  1907,  when 
most  of  the  banks  throughout  the  country  withheld  their  de])osits  and 
did  business  with  clearing  house  certificates,  there  was  not  a  time  but 
what  the  First  National  I>ank  paid  every  dollar  that  their  depositors 
demanded  and  did  not  resort  to  the  use  of  clearing  house  checks.  This 
was  also  true  of  the  other  banks  of  Pittsburg,  and  this  city  has  the 
unusual  record  of  never  having  had  a  bank  failure.  .\  comparison  of 
the  first  statement  of  this  bank  to  the  comi)tn)ller  of  currency  made 
with  the  last  one  shows,  in  striking  figures,  the  remarkable  development 
of  the  business  of  this  institutitm.  The  first  statement,  under  date  of 
.\ugust  27.  1886.  showed  deposits  amounting  to  .$24,708.62.  with  re- 
sources of  $86,459.70.  The  statement  made  at  the  close  of  business. 
March  4.  1914,  showed  deposits  amounting  to  $1,104,358.10  with  resources 
amounting  to  $1,404,722.60.  Mr.  Lindburg  is  active  in  many  other 
financial  and  commercial  projects  outside  of  the  legitimate  field  of 
banking,  lie  was  one  of  the  organizers  of  the  Pittsburg  Uuilding, 
Savings  &  Loan  Association  and  has  been  president  of  that  institution 
for  thirty  years.  He  was  also  one  of  the  organizers  of  the  Pittsburg 
Investment  Company,  and  has  held  the  position  of  president  since  its 
organizaticjn,  fifteen  years  ago.     He  is  a  director  in  the  Home.  Light  & 


176  niCGRAPHICAL 

Power  Company  and  was  one  of  the  organizers  of  that  company.  He 
was  one  of  the  organizers  of  the  Kansas  Bankers'  Association  and  for 
a  time  was  treasurer  of  that  organization,  and  in  191 1  served  as  its 
president.  He  is  a  member  of  the  American  National  Bankers'  Asso- 
ciation and  was  a  member  of  the  executive  council  of  that  organization. 
He  was  a  member  of  the  first  city  council  of  Pittsburg  and  served  as 
city  treasurer.  He  was  also  a  member  of  the  first  school  board  of  the 
citv  of  Pittslnirgh.  He  was  one  of  the  organizers  of  the  Pittsburg 
Commercial  Club,  which  is  now  known  as  the  Chamber  of  Commerce, 
and  has  served  as  president  of  that  organization  several  terms,  and  is 
•  at  present  chairman  of  the  finance  committee.  Mr.  Lindburg  is  a 
Mason  and  a  member  of  the  Shrine,  and  was  instrumental  in  establishing 
the  Masonic  lodge  at  Pittsburg.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Knights  and 
Ladies  of  Security,  the  Fraternal  Aid  and  a  charter  member  of  the 
Fraternal  and  Benevolent  Order  of  Elks.  Air.  Lindburg  was  united 
in  marriage  July  6.  1S74,  to  Miss  Emma  J.,  daughter  of  Allen  and  Eliza 
(Whitman)  ^'aughan,  and  to  this  union  have  been  born  three  children: 
Lotta  married  Capt.  \\'.  ].  ^^'atson.  a  personal  sketch  of  whom  appears 
elsewhere  in  this  volume;  Roll,  druggist,  Pittsburg,  Kans. ;  John  R..  Jr. 
married  Madge  Swearenger,  Arkansas  City.  Kans.,  and  is  engaged  in 
the  hardware  business  at  Forsyth,  Mont. 

Louis  Kumm,  a  pioneer  merchant  of  Pittsburg  and  an  active  factor  in 
the  commercial  development  of  southeastern  Kansas,  is  a  native  of 
Illinois.  He  was  born  at  Bellville,  IMarch  9,  1841.  and  is  a  son  of 
Jacob  and  Mary  (Kinsel)  Kumm,  natives  of  Germany.  The  father  was 
a  cabinet  maker  and  immigrated  to  America  about  1838.  The  family 
settled  at  Bellville,  111.,  where  they  remained  about  three  years,  when 
they  removed  to  St.  Louis,  Mo.,  where  the  father  worked  at  his  trade 
until  his  death,  June.  1848.  He  died  of  cholera,  and  his  wife  passed  away 
about  the  same  time  with  that  dread  malady,  thus  Louis  Kumm  was 
left  an  orphan  at  seven  years  of  age.  He  went  to  live  with  an  uncle 
in  St.  Louis,  attended  school,  and  in  early  life  learned  the  watchmaker's 
trade,  and  in  1861  located  at  Sedalia,  Mo.,  wliere  he  engaged  in  the 
jewelry  business.  Here  he  remained  until  the  fall  of  1883  when  he 
came  to  Kansas,  locating  at  Pittsburg,  and  engaged  in  the  jewelrj' 
business.  Pittsburg  was  then  only  a  small  village  of  about  r,200  popu- 
lation, and  Mr.  Kumm  remained  actively  in  business  there  until  1914, 
when  he  retired.  He  has  taken  an  active  part  in  the  uiilniilding  of  his 
adopted  cTty  and  Has  not  only  made  a  reputation  as  a  successful  business 
man.  but.  also,  has  done  his  part  in  a  public  way  in  the  development 
of  Pittsburg  and  its  institutions.  Politically  Mr.  Kumm  affiliates  with 
the  Democratic  party,  and  has  always  taken  a  keen  interest  in  political 
affairs.  AA'hile  a  resident  of  Sedalia,  Mo.,  he  served  as  mayor  of  that 
town  and  was  also  a  member  of  the  city  council  several  terms,  but 
after  coming  to  Pittsburg  the  political  complexion  of  that  section  was 


^  Cfff.i     ■  /f 


7 
'f/fU/t. 


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t 

4 


BIOGRAPHICAL  1/7 

s(i  decidedly  Republican  tiiat  there  was  small  chance  of  a  Democrat 
being  elected  to  office ;  however,  he  permitted  his  name  to  be  used  as  a 
candidate  for  office  a  few  times  in  order  to  fill  out  the  party  ticket  and 
assist  in  maintaining  the  organization,  but  in  April.  1913.  at  a  time 
when  the  more  non-partisan  view  was  entertained  in  municipal  aflfairs. 
Mr.  Kunim  was  elected  commissioner  of  finance  of  the  city  of  Pitts- 
burg under  its  new  commission  form  of  government,  and  is  now  serv- 
ing in  that  capacity,  and  Pittsliurg  is  getting  the  benefit  of  his  sound 
business  judgment  and  capability  in  administering  the  affairs  of  that 
important  office.  Mr.  Kiimm  is  ever  ready  to  lend  his  assistance  to  any 
enterprise  tending  to  a  greater  Pittsburg.  When  the  Masonic  Temple 
-Association  was  organized  for  the  purpose  of  erecting  the  temple  at 
Pittsburg  lie  was  elected  president  of  that  organization,  and  was  one 
(if  the  most  active  in  bringing  that  enterprise  to  a  successful  culmina- 
tion, lie  was  active  in  the  building  of  the  First  Presbyterian  Church 
and  one  of  the  liberal  contributors  to  that  movement.  He  was  one  of 
the  organizers  of  that  denomination  in  Pittsburg  and  has  served  as  its 
treasurer  over  twenty  years.  Mr.  Kumm  was  united  in  marriage  Xo- 
vember  28,  1865,  to  Miss  Rosalie  \Mrginia,  daughter  of  Robert  and  Eliza- 
beth (Palmer)  Brent,  natives  of  \'irginia  but  later  residents  of  Boonville, 
Mo.,  where  the  father  was  engaged  in  the  publishing  business  until  his 
death.  Mrs.  Kumm  was  born  at  Roonville,  Mo.,  and  educated  in  the 
public  schools  and  Kem])er's  College.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Kumm  were 
born  eight  children  :  Clara,  married  Arthur  K.  Lanyon.  cashier  of  the 
National  Bank  of  Pittsburg.  Kans. ;  Lewis  (deceased);  Charles  (de- 
ceased); I'hilip  (deceased)  was  killed  in  a  railroad  accident  at  Mobile. 
Ala.,  while  on  his  way  to  enlist  in  the  United  States  navy  during  the 
Spanish-American  war;  Rosalia  \'irginia  married  W.  S,  Newcomer,  Cedar 
Ra])ids,  Iowa;  Harry  lirent,  a  jicrsonal  sketch  of  whom  appears  in  this 
\dlume;  IClizabeth  P.rent,  married  Raymond  I'rook  Larter.  Cedar  Rapids. 
Iowa,  and  one  child  died  in  infancy.  The  wife  and  mother  of  these 
children  dejiarted  this  life  September  6,  1904. 

C.  Hitz,  a  C'i\il  war  veteran  and  ])ioneer  miller  and  grain  man  of 
Tiirard.  Kans.,  is  a  native  of  .Switzerland,  lie  \v;is  born  January  22, 
1844.  and  attended  the  public  schools  of  his  native  land  until  eleven 
years  of  age,  when  he  immigrated  to  America,  alone,  aiid  located  in 
Madis<m  county,  Illinois.  This  was  in  1855,  and  he  worked  on  a  farm 
there  until  1858  when  he  came  to  Kansas,  locating  in  Johnson  county, 
where  he  was  also  emi)loyed  on  a  farm  until  i8()i.  when  he  went  to 
Madison,  Wis.,  remaining  there  until  .\pril  2.  1862.  when  he  enlisted  in 
the  Twelfth  Wisconsin  battery,  light  artillery.  His  battery  was  at- 
tached to  the  .Xrmy  of  the  Tetuiessee  and  jiarticipated  in  the  siege  at 
N'icksburg  and  the  battles  of  hika.  Corinth.  Chatt.inooga,  and  was  with 
.Sherman  on  his  memorable  march  to  the  sea,  and  took  part  in  tiie  battle 
of  .Savannah.     Mr.  Hitz  was  discharged  at  Raleigh,  N.  C.,  .\|)ril  2.  1805. 


178  BIOGRAPHICAL 

He  served  just  three  years  in  the  army,  nearly  all  of  which  time  he  was 
on  active  dutv  at  the  front,  and  he  bears  the  unusual  distinction  of  never 
being  absent  from  roll  call  during  these  three  long  weary  years.  At  the 
close  of  the  war  he  returned  to  Madison,  Wis.,  where  he  remained  about 
six  months.  He  then  took  a  commercial  course  at  the  Eastman  Business 
College.  Chicago,  111.,  and  after  graduating  from  that  institution  returned 
to  Madison  and  accepted  a  position  as  bookkeeper  in  a  mercantile  es- 
tablishment, and  remained  there  until  1869.  He  then  returned  to 
Kansas,  this  time  locating  in  ^liami  count}',  and  engaged  in  the  milling 
business  in  partnership  with  a  cousin,  John  Tontz.  Theirs  was  one  of 
the  first  .grist  mills  in  that  section  of  the  country,  and  was  located  on 
Rull  creek,  near  Hillsboro.  They  remained  there  until  December,  1870. 
when  they  came  to  Girard,  and  built  a  mill,  which  was  the  first  flour  mill 
in  Girard,  and  the  first  one  in  Crawford  county,  with  the  exception  of  a 
small  mill  that  had  been  operated  at  Cato  a  short  time  previously.  The 
Tontz  and  Hitz  mill  was  located  about  two  blocks  north  of  his  present 
plant,  and  was  of  the  old  style  burr  stone  type,  which  was  the  only 
process  known  to  the  milling  world  at  that  time.  The  partnership  be- 
tween Messrs.  Hitz  and  Tontz  continued  until  1880,  when  Mr.  Hitz 
bought  his  partner's  interest,  and  has  since  operated  alone.  In  1882  he 
built  a  new  mill,  and  installed  the  roller  process,  but  also  retained  the 
old-fashioned  process  for  a  time,  or  until  the  roller  process  passed  the 
experimental  stage.  His  mill  is  now  equipped  with  all  modern  methods 
for  manufacturing  flour,  and  has  a  daily  capacity  of  about  a  hundred 
barrels.  Among  the  popular  brands  of  flour  manufactured  by  Mr.  Hitz, 
the  "Big  H"  and  the  "City  Bell"  are.  perhaps,  the  best  known.  He  has 
customers  in  nearly  every  State  in  the  Union,  but  ships  more  flour  to 
Arkansas  than  to  any  other  State.  In  the  fall  of  1914  he  shipped  a  car 
load  of  flour  to  Belgium.  In  addition  to  his  extensive  milling  business, 
Mr.  Hitz  is  also  one  of  the  pioneer  grain  buyers  and  elevator  men  and, 
perhaps,  does  the  largest  grain  business  in  the  county.  Mr.  Hitz's  in- 
dustrial activity  has  by  no  means  been  limited  to  the  milling  and  grain 
business.  \\'hen  the  Girard  Foundrj'  was  organized  he  became  one  of 
the  original  stock  holders  and  later  he  and  John  Tontz,  a  brother  of 
Mr.  Tontz,  from  Illinois,  bought  the  foundry  from  the  other  stockholders, 
and  in  1900  Mr.  Hitz  became  the  sole  owner  of  that  enterprise,  which 
he  has  since  operated,  and  his  son,  C.  A.  Hitz.  now  has  the  management 
of  that  department  of  his  business.  They  are  extensive  manufacturers 
of  stoves  and  employ  from  ten  to  fifteen  men  in  the  foundry.  Mr.  Hitz 
was  married  at  Madison,  Wis.,  in  1868,  to  Miss  Marj-  Flint,  a  native 
of  that  place,  and  to  this  union  two  children  were  born :  Minnie,  mar- 
ried Fred  H.  Brown,  Los  .\ngeles,  Cal..  and  Mary,  resides  at  home. 
The  wife  and  mother  died  in  February,  1879,  and  Air.  Hitz  married  for 
his  second  wife.  Miss  Ellen  Wells,  of  Madison,  Wis.,  and  to  this  union 
was  born  one  child,  C.  A.,  who  is  manager  of  his  father's  foundry  at 


BIOGRAPHICAL  1/9 

Girard.  He  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Girard  and  St.  Jdhn's 
Military  College,  and  married  Anna  Sullivan,  of  Girard.  Mr.  Ilitz  is 
the  oldest  miller  in  the  State  of  Kansas,  in  point  of  time  engaged  in 
that  business  within  the  State.  He  is  one  of  those  pioneers  wIki  has 
largely  contributed  to  the  development  of  the  grain  business  of  the 
State,  and  has  seen  Kansas  develop  from  an  unbroken  plain  to  the  great 
agricultural  empire  of  the  West,  and  while  Mr.  Hitz  has  contributed  His 
share  to  the  industrial  development  of  the  State.  Kansas  has  been  liberal 
t(i  him.  In  addition  to  his  vast  and  varied  industrial  interest,  he  owns 
a  large  amount  of  private  property  in  Cjirard.  ami  is  one  of  the  sub- 
stantial business  men  of  southeastern  Kansas.  .Mr.  ilitz  is  a  Republican 
and  has  ever  taken  a  commendable  interest  in  public  affairs.  However, 
he  has  never  aspired  to  hold  political  office,  altiiougli  he  served  as 
mayor  of  Girard   from    1897  to   1903. 

Clinton  R.  Shiffler. — .Vlthough  one  of  the  younger  nicinl>ers  of  the 
Crawford  count}-  l)ar.  Mr.  .Shiffler  has  won  a  high  place  in  his  profession. 
He  is  a  native  of  Crawford  county,  born  l-'ebruary  i6,  1885.  and  is  a  son 
of  Samuel  and  Florence  (Stahl)  Shiffler,  the  former  a  native  of  Lebanon, 
Pa.,  and  the  latter  of  Rockford,  Mich.  The  father  came  to  Kan.sas  at  an 
early  day.  and  was  a  successful  farmer  and  stock  raiser.  He  is  now 
living  retired  at  Girard.  Clinton  R.  Shiffler  received  his  early  educa- 
tional discipline  in  the  i)ublic  schools,  and  was  graduated  from  the 
Girard  High  School  in  the  class  of  1903,  and  later  entered  the  State  Nor- 
mal School  at  Emi^oria.  where  he  was  graduated  in  the  class  of  1908. 
In  the  meantime  he  was  i)rincipal  oi  the  schools  at  McCune,  Kans.,  one 
term,  and  held  a  similar  position  a  like  period  at  .\twood,  Kans.  After 
completing  his  college  work  at  Emporia  he  became  superintendent  of 
the  public  schools  at  Alamogorda,  N.  Mex.  He  held  that  i)osition 
one  year  and  during  that  time  he  organized  a  comi)any  of  Xew  Mexico 
National  Guards,  and  became  cajjtain  of  that  organization.  His  work 
as  a  military  organizer  and  disciplinarian  received  the  highest  commen- 
dation of  (jovernor  George  Curry,  of  New  Mexico.  It  will  be  remem- 
bered in  this  connection  that  Governor  Curry  is  more  than  ordinary 
authoritv  on  that  subject,  ha\ing  served  as  captain  in  the  Rough  Rider 
regiment  during  the  Spanish-. \merican  war.  In  1909,  Mr.  Shiffler  re- 
turned to  Kansas  and  entered  the  law  department  of  Kansas  University, 
and  com|)lcted  the  three  years'  course  in  two  years,  graduating  with 
the  class  of  191 1,  with  the  degree  of  Bachelor  of  Laws.  While  at  the 
university  he  kept  up  his  military  work,  and  in  1910  was  made  recruit- 
ing officer  by  Governor  Stubbs,  and  organized  the  First  Provisional 
company.  First  Infantry,  National  Guard  of  Kansas,  .iiid  was  elected 
captain  of  that  coni|ian>'.  This  company  was  unique,  in  that  it  was  the 
first  comi)any  in  the  United  Slates  consisting  entirely  of  university  men. 
His  military  work  here  was  the  subject  of  hearty  endorsement  and 
strong  commendation  by  Gov.  Stubbs.     .\fter  completing  his  law  course 


I  (So  BIOGRAPHICAL 

Mr.  Shiffler  accepted  the  superintendency  of  the  cilv  schools  at  Glendire. 
Mont.,  serving  in  that  capacity  one  year.  He  then  returned  to  Kansas 
and  after  passing  the  bar  examination,  was  admitted  to  practice  in 
June.  1912,  and  immediately  came  to  Pittsburg,  where  he  has  since  been 
successfully  engaged  in  the  practice  of  his  profession.  Mr.  Shiffler  was 
united  in  marriage  August  27.  1913.  to  Miss  Avery  L.  Oliver,  daughter 
of  Ed.  L.  and  Mattie  (Booth)  Oliver,  natives  of  Tennessee,  and  the 
father  is  now  a  furniture  and  music  dealer  at  Alamogorda,  X.  Mex. 
Mrs.  Shiffler  was  born  and  reared  in  Lexington.  Ky..  and  was  grad- 
uated from  the  High  School  there,  and  later  entered  the  Baptist  College. 
Alamogorda.  X.  Mex.  She  specialized  in  music  and  possesses  unusual 
talent  in  that  art.  to  which  she  has  devoted  a  great  deal  of  study.  She 
graduated  in  1912  from  ^Mendelssohn  Conservatorio  of  Music,  Chihuahua. 
Mexico.  She  was  music  director  of  the  New  Mexico  Baptist  College 
and  the  city  schools  of  Alamogorda.  X.  Mex.,  and  now  conducts  a  studio 
in  Pittsburg.  Kans.,  and  teaches  the  piano,  violin  and  mandolin ;  also 
courses  in  Harmony  and  Music  Theory.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Shiffler  are 
members  of  the  Church  of  Christ.  Mrs.  Shiffler's  mother.  ?klrs.  Oliver, 
was  a  music  director  in  three  large  schools  of  the  South,  having  taught 
music  for  twenty  years.  She  was  a  graduate  from  the  University  at 
Lexington.  Ky.  Her  father,  Ed.  L.  Oliver,  is  a  graduate  from  Hender- 
son College,  Henderson,  Tenn.,  is  now  located  in  Xew  Mexico,  having 
the  largest  business  of  its  kind  in  that  State. 

Adam  B.  Keller,  the  popular  county  attorney  of  Crawford  county. 
Kansas,  is  a  native  of  Missouri.  He  was  born  in  Benton  county.  March 
16.  1880.  and  is  a  son  of  S.  C.  and  Mary  C.  (Ellis')  Keller,  the  former  a 
native  of  West  Virginia  and  the  latter  of  Missouri.  Adam  B.  Keller 
received  his  preliminary  education  in  the  district  schools  of  his  native 
State,  and  later  entered  Columbia  Xormal  Academy.  Columbia.  Mo., 
where  he  was  graduated  in  the  class  of  1903.  He  then  attended  the 
University  of  Missouri  one  year,  when  he  entered  the  Kansas  City  School 
of  Law,  where  he  was  graduated  in  the  class  of  1907,  with  the  degree 
of  Bachelor  of  Law.  He  immediately  engaged  in  the  practice  of  his 
I)rofession  at  Pittsburg.  Kans..  and  soon  built  up  an  important  law 
])ractice.  In  191 1,  he  became  associated  with  George  R.  Malcolm,  under 
the  firm  name  of  Keller  &  ]\Ialcolm.  which  is  recognized  as  one  of  the 
leading  law  firms  of  Crawford  county.  Mr.  Kellar  is  a  Republican,  and 
since  his  residence  in  Crawford  county  took  an  active  part  in  politics. 
In  1912  he  received  the  nomination  of  his  party  for  county  attorney. 
and  was  elected  to  that  office  at  the  succeeding  election.  His  conduct 
of  the  affairs  of  that  office  was  such  that  he  was  re-elected  in  1914  by 
a  very  satisfactory  majority.  Mr.  Keller  has  established  a  record  as  a 
conscientious  and  able  prosecuting  attorney,  and  at  all  times  stands 
for  law  enforcement,  without  fear  or  favor,  and  those  who  are  familiar 
with  the  conditions  in  Crawford  county,  and  especially  in  the  enforce- 


BIOGRAPHICAL  l8l 

mcnt  of  ihe  proliihition  laws,  can  fully  appreciate  the  conditions  that 
constantly  confront  the  one  officer  of  the  county  who  is  charged  with 
the  constant  enforcement  of  the  law.  Mr.  Kellar  has  done  this  in  a 
way  that  has  met  with  the  unanimous  approval  of  the  substantial  citizens 
of  the  county  which  was  evinced  by  his  return  to  office  after  one  of  the 
hardest  fought  ]jolitical  battles  in  southeastern  Kansas.  He  is  a  Mason 
and  holds  membership  in  the  Fort  Scott  Consistory  and  Mirza  Shrine 
at  Pittsburg. 

George  R.  Malcolm,  one  oi  the  best  known  young  attorneys  of  Craw- 
ford county,  is  a  native  of  Illinois.  He  was  born  in  Springfield,  June  27, 
1884,  and  is  a  son  of  Robert  and  Lillie  (Reilly)  Malcolm,  the  former  a 
native  of  Canada,  and  the  latter  of  Illinois.  The  father  was  engaged 
in  the  mercantile  business  until  his  death,  which  occurred  in  1S88.  and 
the  mother  passed  away  two  years  later,  and  thus  George  K.  Malcolm 
was  left  an  orphan  at  the  early  age  of  six  years.  The  year  following 
his  mother's  death,  he  came  to  Anderson  county.  Kansas,  to  live  with 
an  uncle  who  resided  on  a  farm  there.  Here  the  boy  attended  the  dis- 
trict schools,  and  in  1897-8  attended  school  at  Nashville,  Mo.  He  then 
attended  business  college  at  Pittsburg.  Kans.,  where  he  mastered  the 
art  of  stenograjihy,  after  which  he  attended  the  State  Manual  Training 
Xormal  College  for  three  years,  lie  then  entered  the  law  department  of 
Kansas  University,  at  Lawrence,  where  he  completed  the  course  in  two 
years  and  in  191 1  was  admitted  to  the  bar  of  Kansas.  He  then  entered  in- 
to a  partnershijj  with  Adam  B.  Keller  under  the  firm  name  of  Keller  & 
Malcolm,  Pittsburg.  Kans.  They  have  a  large  clientage  and  rank  among 
the  leading  law  firms  of  the  county.  Mr.  Malcolm  is  a  York  Rite 
Mason,  and  a  member  of  the  Shrine.  He  also  holds  membershi])  in  the 
Pienevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks. 

James  W.  Montee,  of  C.irard.  is  one  of  the  widely  known  men  of  af- 
f;iirs  of  snuthe.istcrn  Kansas,  lie  was  born  in  McDonough  county, 
Illinois.  .Ma_\'  23,  1874,  and  is  a  son  of  iMuuk  M.  and  Mary  V..  (Purdum) 
Montee.  In  1875,  when  James  W.  was  less  than  one  year  old,  the 
family  removed  to  Kansas,  locating  in  Crawford  county,  where  the 
father  has  since  been  successful  engaged  in  farming  and  stock  raising, 
and  has  been  prominent  in  public  affairs,  having  served  as  treasurer  of 
Crawford  county  for  two  terms,  and  also  two  terms  as  coimty  commis- 
sioner. The  Montee  family  consists  of  thirteen  children,  all  of  whom 
are  living.  James  W.  Montee  began  his  educational  career  in  the  dis- 
trict schools  of  Crawford  county,  and  later  attended  the  Kansas  Normal 
College,  at  Fort  Scott,  Kansas.  He  then  read  medicine  under  the  precep- 
torship  of  Dr.  J.  I!,  (iardener,  of  Cirard.  and  in  i8()4,  engaged  in  the 
drug  business  at  (iirard,  imdcr  the  firm  name  of  J.  \\'.  Montee  &  Co. 
The  business  later  became  Montee  i1-  I-'razier,  and  is  now  conducted  by 
Montee  Bros.  They  have  one  of  the  leading  drug  stores  of  Crawford 
county,  and  enjoy  a  large  patronage.     While  Mr.  Montee  has  been  sue- 


l82  BIOGRAPHICAL 

cessful  in  a  business  way,  he  has  also  been  active  in  public  affairs  of 
his  county  and  State.  He  is  a  Republican,  and  has  been  prominent  in  the 
affairs  of  his  party.  In  1904  he  was  elected  representative  from  the 
Twentieth  District,  and  represented  his  constituents  in  such  an  able 
and  satisfactory  manner  that  he  was  re-elected  in  1906.  During-  the 
period  of  his  membership  of  the  lower  house,  he  was  an  active  and 
conspicuous  figure  in  much  of  the  important  legislation.  He  introduced 
the  bill  providing  that  express  companies  be  taxed  and  also  the  good 
roads  bill,  which  received  much  favorable  comment  throughout  the  coun- 
try at  that  time.  He  led  the  movement  and  introduced  the  bill  creating 
the  Thirty-eighth  Judicial  District,  which  made  Crawford  county  a 
separate  district.  He  was  a  member  of  the  committee  on  railroads,  and 
the  committee  on  mines  and  mining,  and  State  institutions,  and  was 
chairman  of  the  committee  on  fees  and  salaries.  He  has  been  a  member 
of  the  Republican  State  Executive  Committee,  and  has  been  a  delegate 
to  numerous  county.  State  and  congressional  conventions,  being  a  mem- 
ber of  the  congressional  committee  that  gave  Hon.  P.  P.  Campbell  his 
first  nomination  for  Congress.  Mr.  Montee  was  married  January  31, 
1899,  to  Miss  Letetia  S.,  daughter  of  John  Kennedy,  of  Illinois.  Mrs. 
Montee  was  born  in  Morgan  county,  Illinois,  and  was  a  child  when 
her  parents  removed  to  Chanute,  Kans.  She  was  educated  in  the  public 
schools  and  in  the  Wichita  High  School.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Montee  has 
been  born  one  child,  Sarah  Frances,  a  student  in  the  Girard  public 
schools.  Mr.  Montee  is  a  member  of  the  Ancient  Free  and  Accepted 
Masons,  Knights  of  Pythias  and  Modern  Woodman  of  America.  Mrs. 
Montee  and  daughter  are  members  of  the  Presbyterian  church,  and 
she  is  active  in  club  and  church  work. 

Thomas  P.  Waskey,  secretary  of  the  Pittsburg  Building,  Saving  & 
Loan  Association,  is  a  Kansas  pioneer  and  has  spent  thirty-five  years 
of  his  life  in  the  commercial  activity  of  Crawford  county.  He  was  born 
at  Keasauqua,  Iowa,  September  29,  1847,  and  is  a  son  of  Alex  and  Nancy 
(Purdom)  Waskey,  the  former  a  native  of  Virginia  and  the  latter  of 
North  Carolina.  The  father  practically  spent  his  life  in  the  mercantile 
business,  and  for  a  number  of  years,  in  the  early  days,  was  located  a: 
\\'estport.  Mo.,  which  is  now  included  within  the  limits  of  Kansas 
City.  He  died  in  1879.  Thomas  P.  Waskey  remained  at  home  and 
assisted  his  father  with  the  business  until  1868.  when  he  came  to  Kansas 
and  engaged  in  the  general  mercantile  business  at  Oswego.  He  re- 
mained there  until  1880  when  he  came  to  Pittsburg,  then  a  small  village 
of  aliout  400  ])opulation.  He  opened  a  general  store  at  Litchiield,  a 
mining  camp  in  that  vicinity,  where  he  conducted  a  business  for  three 
years.  He  then  engaged  in  the  grocery  business  in  Pittsburg.  Five 
years  later  he  disposed  of  that  business  and  opened  a  general  store  at 
Frontenac.  now  a  suburb  of  Pittsburg,  but  continued  to  make  his  home 
in  Pittsburg.     He  successfully  conducted  that  business  for  ten  years, 


BIOGRAPHICAL  183 

when  he.  with  others,  organized  the  Pittsburg  Wholesale  Grocery  Com- 
l)any.  and  became  the  secretarj^  and  treasurer  of  that  com])any,  and 
was  thus  engaged  about  two  years,  when  he  organized  the  Waskey 
Commission  Company,  and  about  the  same  time  became  interested  in 
the  manufacture  of  brick  and  tile,  being  one  of  the  organizers  of  the 
Pittsburg  Brick  &  Tile  Company,  lie  later  disposed  of  his  interests  in 
those  companies  and  on  February  i,  1904,  became  secretary  of  the  Pitts- 
burg Building.  Saving  &  Loan  Association.  This  is  one  of  the  most 
substantial  institutions  of  the  kind  in  the  State,  and  was  organized  in 
March,  1883,  with  an  authorized  capital  of  a  million  dollars.  Its  first 
officers  were  O.  T.  Boaz,  president ;  S.  W.  Baxter,  secretary ;  and  the 
])resent  officers  are  John  R.  Lindburg,  president;  F.  C.  Werner,  treasurer; 
T.  P.  \\'askey,  secretary,  and  C.  A.  Miller,  vice-president.  This  company 
has  had  a  rapid  and  substantial  growth  from  the  day  that  it  began 
business,  and  has  always  been  under  a  capable  and  conservative  business 
management.  The  total  amount  of  their  loans  has  reached  the  high 
water  mark  of  $325,000.00.  and  it  is  one  of  tJie  important  institutions  of 
Pittsburg.  Mr.  Waskey  is  interested  in  other  commercial  enterprises, 
although  the  building  and  loan  business  practically  occupies  all  his  time. 
He  is  secretary  and  treasurer  of  the  Pittsburg  &  .Arkansas  Zinc  & 
Mining  Company,  and  takes  an  active  part  in  promoting  industrial 
Pittsburg.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Commercial  Club  and  has  served  as 
president,  secretary  and  treasurer  of  that  organization.  He  is  prominent 
in  Masonic  lodge  circles  and  is  a  member  of  the  Benevolent  and  Pro- 
tective Order  of  Elks.  He  was  unite3  in  marriage  in  March,  1874,  to 
Miss  Nellie  Hosley.  of  Oswego,  Kans.  To  this  union  have  been  born 
two  children  :  Carl  O.,  of  El  Paso,  Texas.,  and  Joe  A.,  salesman  for  the 
Pittsburg  Wholesale  Cirocery  Comijany.  Mr.  \\'askey  is  perhaps  one  of 
the  best  known  men  of  Crawford  county  and  his  affable  manner  and 
genial  disposition  have  won  many  friends. 

Dr.  Charles  F.  Montee,  M.  D.,  a  leading  physician  of  Pittsburg.  Kans., 
is  a  nati\e  cf  IlliuMis.  lie  was  born  at  McComb.  McDoniiugh  county, 
July  15,  1870,  and  is  a  son  of  Frank  M.  and  Mary  E.  (Purdum)  Montee, 
the  former  a  native  of  Ohio  and  the  latter  of  Illinois.  In  1874  the  family 
came  to  Kansas,  locating  on  a  farm  in  Crawford  county,  where  the  fatlier 
has  since  been  engaged  in  farming  and  stock  raising.  Tie  has  taken  an 
active  part  in  public  aft'airs  and  has  served  as  county  treasurer  four 
years  and  county  commissioner  three  years.  Dr.  Montee  was  four  years 
of  age  when  the  family  removed  to  Kansas.  He  received  his  early  edu- 
cation in  the  i)ublic  schools  of  Crawford  county  and  later  attended  tJic 
Kansas  Normal  College,  Fort  Scott,  Kans.  Tie  also  took  a  business 
course  in  Spalding's  Commercial  College  at  Kansas  City,  Mo.,  and 
shortly  afterwards  entered  the  State  University  of  Ohio  at  Ada.  Ohio, 
where  he  took  the  course  in  pharmacy,  graduating  in  the  class  of  igoo 
with  the  degree  of  Ph.  D.     He  then  returned  to  Kansas  and  engaged  in 


184  BIOGRAPHICAL 

the  drug  business  at  Cherokee,  and  after  remaining  there  a  year  he 
entered  Basnes  Medical  College,  St.  Louis,  AIo.,  where  he  was  graduated 
in  the  class  of  i(;o3  with  the  degree  of  M.  D.  During  the  last  two  }ears 
of  his  medical  course  at  Barnes  College  he  held  the  chair  of  pharmacy 
and  materia  medica,  and  was  also  assistant  professor  of  chemistry. 
\\'hile  in  St.  Louis  he  was  also  a  staiT  physician  and  surgeon  at  Centenary 
Hospital.  After  receiving  his  degree  in  medicine  he  returned  to  his 
native  county  in  Illinois  and  engaged  in  the  practice  of  his  profession. 
remaining  there  until  1910,  when  he  came  to  Pittsburg,  Kans.,  which  has 
since  been  the  field  of  his  professional  activities.  Dr.  ^Montee  is  a  skilled 
physician  and  surgeon  and  has  built  up  a  large  practice.  He  was  staff 
physician  at  the  Samaritan  Sanitarium  of  Pittsburg  until  that  institution 
was  closed.  He  is  now  health  commissioner  of  the  city  of  Pittsljurg. 
^^'hile  practising  in  Illinois  he  was  a  member  of  the  Tri-State  Medical 
Society  and  served  as  vice-president  t^f  that  organization.  He  is  now  a 
memljer  of  the  County,  State  and  American  Medical  Associations  and 
also  holds  membership  in  the  Ancient  Free  and  .Accepted  Masons,  Inde- 
pendent Order  of  Odd  Fellows  and  Modern  \\oodmen  of  America.  Dr. 
Montee  has  been  twice  married.  On  Xovember  18,  1897,  to  Miss  Ina, 
daughter  of  David  and  Maria  (Foster)  Scott,  of  McDonoiigh  county, 
Illinois.  To  this  union  were  born  two  children:  Isabelle.  died  in  infancv. 
and  J.  Kenneth,  now  a  student  in  the  Pittsburg  schools.  Mrs.  Montee 
died  in  February,  1910.  and  on  April  30,  191 1,  Dr.  Montee  was  united 
in  marriage  to  Miss  Eva,  daughter  of  W.  H.  and  Ida  ( Hammond) 
Willey,  of  Crawford  county,  Kansas,  and  now  residents  of  Mulberry. 
Mrs.  Montee  was  born  in  Crawford  county  and  was  a  sucessful  teacher 
for  a  number  of  years  in  the  city  schools  of  Galena  and  Pittsburg  prior  to 
her  marriage.  Dr.  and  Mrs.  Montee  are  members  of  the  Presbvterian 
church  and  she  is  a  memljer  of  the  Eastern  Star. 

Edwin  Lee  Hepler,  postmaster  of  W'infield,  Kans.,  is  a  native  of 
Indiana,  but  has  been  a  resident  of  the  Sunflower  State  since  he  was 
three  years  old,  and  for  a  number  of  years  has  been  an  active  factor  in 
the  industrial  and  political  life  of  Cowley  county.  He  was  born  at 
Washington,  Ind.,  August  i,  1876,  and  is  a  son  of  Samuel  J.  and  Sarah 
A.  (Hunt)  Hepler.  The  father  was  born  at  Greensboro,  X.  C,  Septem- 
ber "6,  1841,  of  German  and  English  parentage.  They  were  large 
planters  and  slave  holders  in  North  Carolina  prior  to  the  Civil  war. 
Samuel  J.  Hepler  was  one  of  a  family  of  six  children,  as  follows:  Robert 
E..  died  on  the  old  homestead  in  1912;  Samuel  J..  Frank  E.,  Cvnthia. 
Tryphena  and  Margretta.  all  of  whom  are  living,  excepting  Samuel  T- 
and  Robert  E.  Samuel  J.  Hepler  was  reared  on  the  Xorth  Carolina 
plantation  and  educated  by  a  private  tutor,  as  was  the  custom  of  the 
better  class  in  the  South  in  those  days.  When  the  war  broke  out  he 
organized  a  company  and  entered  the  Confederate  service  as  captain. 
He  served  three  years  and  participated  in  many  important  engagements. 


BIOGRAPHICAL  185 

and  was  severely  wounded  at  the  l)atilc  uf  Antietam,  wlu-re  lie  received 
five  gunshot  wounds,  and  his  left  arm  was  so  badly  shattered  that  im- 
mediate amputation  was  necessary.  There  being  no  available  surgeon, 
Ca])tain  lie^)ler  assisted  in  amputating  his  own  arm,  a  feat  that  seems 
almost  superhuman,  but  it  was  characteristic  of  the  man,  whose  courage 
always  rose  to  the  occasion.  In  iSC)/  he  came  to  Ivansas  and  located  at 
Emporia,  where  he  remained  two  years,  when  he  removed  to  Xeodesha, 
and  after  spending  four  years  there,  he  went  to  Indiana,  locating  at 
\\ashington,  and  shortly  afterwards  was  elected  sheriff  of  Davies  county 
and  held  that  office  f<nir  years.  In  1S79  he  returned  to  Kansas  and 
located  at  W'infield.  engaging  in  the  hotel  business  and  later  operated 
a  transfer  line.  In  1884  he  became  district  manager  for  the  Consolidated 
Oil  Tank  Line  Company,  with  offices  at  W'infield.  This  cumiKiny  was 
absorbed  by  the  Standard  Oil  Company  in  1S90,  and  he  continued  in  the 
same  capacity  fur  that  company  until  his  death,  which  occurred  at 
r.altimore,  Md.,  August  25.  1903.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Independent 
Order  of  Odd  Fellows,  being  one  of  the  charter  members  of  Winfield 
Lodge,  .\'o.  loi.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Methodist  F.])iscopal  cluuch. 
.Samuel  J.  ilepler  and  Sarah  A.  Hunt  were  married  at  Thomasville. 
X,  C,  September  6,  1866,  She  is  a  nali\e  of  Thomasville,  born  .Septem- 
ber 19,  1844,  a  daughter  of  r.artlctt  X.  Ilunt.  a  native  of  Scotland.  She 
now  resides  at  W'infield,  Kan.  To  .Samuel  J.  and  Sarah  A.  (Hunt) 
Hejiler  were  born  nine  children,  as  follows:  W'illa.  horn  July  16,  i8r)7. 
now  the  widow  of  William  15.  I-'iles,  Pass  Christian,  Miss.;  Margaret. 
born  March  i,  iSCk,;,  died  August  7,  1870;  Freddie  and  Mollie,  twins, 
born  May  29.  187 1.  the  former  died  January  17,  1872,  and  the  latter 
October  3,  1872;  Knland  L.,  born  March  4,  1873,  now  resides  at  Kewanec. 
111.:  Maud  L..  bi)rn  .March  16.  1875.  miw  a  trained  nurse,  Pass  Christian. 
Miss.;  Edwin  Lee,  the  sulijcct  of  this  sketch;  Walter  15.,  born  June  5, 
1878,  resides  in  Wichita,  Kans..  and  Charles  David,  born  March  T7,  1883. 
resides  at  W'infield,  Kans.  lulwin  Lee  ile])ler  came  to  W'infield,  Kans.. 
with  his  parents  in  1879,  and  received  his  education  in  the  i)ul)lic  schools 
and  St.  John's  Cf)llege.  In  1897  he  became  manager  for  the  W'infield 
branch  of  the  Standard  Oil  Company,  and  served  in  that  capacity  until 
January  I.  191 5,  when  he  resigned  to  accept  the  iiostmastershiii  of  W'in- 
field, to  wdiich  he  was  appointed  October  21,  i<)i4.  .Mr.  Ilepler  w'as 
united  in  marriage  at  W'infield,  Kans.,  Jinie  12,  i()o8,  to  Miss  Lena 
Mildred,  daughter  of  Casper  and  lona  .Atlanta  (Myers)  Gardner,  the 
former  a  native  of  Indiana,  born  .\ugust  28,  1843,  and  the  mother  was 
born  in  I'lrown  county.  Kansas,  .\ngust  23,  1854,  and  was  the  first  white 
child  hcirn  in  Pirown  countv.  Mrs.  Hepler  was  burn  ;it  lliawatha,  Kans.. 
SeiUember  29,  1882,  and  educated  in  the  Hiawatha  High  School  and 
Kansas  I'niversity.  'I'o  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Ilepler  have  been  liorn  three 
children:  f-'na  Laurel,  born  June  17.  11)09;  Clarina  .\deen,  born  October 
31.   191 1,  and  -Anita   Faye,  born   September  2(),    uju.     Mr.    Hejilcr  is  a 


l86  BIOGRAPHICAL 

Democrat  and  has  taken  an  active  part  in  local  political  affairs.  He  has 
served  as  chairman  of  the  County  Democratic  Central  Committee.  He 
is  a  member  of  the  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks  and  the 
Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows. 

Oscar  Weimar  Schaeffer,  cashier  of  the  State  Bank  of  Girard,  Girard, 
Kans..  has  been  identified  with  this  institution  since  1870,  and  is  one  of 
the  best  known  men  in  financial  circles  in  southeastern  Kansas.  Mr. 
Schaeffer  was  born  at  Lisbon,  Linn  county.  Iowa,  February  17,  i860,  and 
is  a  son  of  Josiah  and  Nancy  B.  (Weimar)  Schaeffer.  natives  of  Hol- 
land and  descendants  of  the  old  Sa.xe-\\'eimars  of  that  country.  The 
parents  first  located  in  Pennsylvania,  after  coming  to  America  and  then 
lived  in  Xew  York  for  a  time,  when  they  came  west,  locating  at  Lisbon. 
Linn  county,  Iowa.  The  father  was  a  minister,  and  also  a  newspaper 
man.  He  conducted  a  newspaper  at  Lisbon,  where  he  was  also  pastor 
of  the  Congregationalist  church,  from  there  he  removed  to  Sharon,  \\'is., 
where  he  published  the  Sharon  "Gazette."  and  about  1867  removed  to 
\\'hitehall,  Mich.,  where  he  published  the  Whitehall  "Forum"  and  was 
also  pastor  of  a  church  there.  His  ne.xt  move  was  to  Kansas,  locating 
at  Coffeyville.  where  he  published  the  Coffeyville  "Journal,"  which  was 
one  of  the  pioneer  newspapers  of  southern  Kansas.  In  1870.  he  removed 
to  Girard.  where  he  was  pastor  of  the  First  Presbyterian  church. 
Shortly  after  that  he  was  called  to  Ohio,  on  accoimt  of  the  illness  of 
his  father,  and  never  returned  to  the  \\'est,  permanently,  after  that,  but 
was  connected  with  some  prominent  churches  in  the  Eastern  cities,  and 
was  well  known  throughout  the  country  as  one  of  the  prominent  minis- 
ters of  his  time.  He  was  associated  with  Moody  and  Sankey,  the  cele- 
brated evangelists  for  a  time.  He  was  a  close  friend  and  associate  of 
Dr.  T.  De\\'itt  Talmage.  and  on  several  occasions  preached  in  the 
Brooklyn  Tabernacle.  Doctor  Talmage's  church.  For  a  time  he  was 
pastor  of  the  .-^nn  Carmicheal  Memorial  Church.  Philadelphia.  Pa.  He 
took  a  prominent  part  in  educational,  as  well  as  religious  and  literary 
work,  and  was  financial  commissioner  of  the  Elmira  Female  College, 
Elmira.  X.  Y.  This  was  one  of  the  first  women's  colleges  in  the  country. 
He  died  at  Rochester.  X.  Y.,  in  1890.  His  wife  preceded  hiin  in  death 
several  years,  she  having  passed  away  at  Sharon.  Wis.,  in  1867.  They 
were  the  parents  of  five  children,  as  follows :  Maggie,  the  wife  of  L.  M. 
]Mares.  Curtis,  Xeb. ;  Benjamin  K.,  Curtis,  Xeb. ;  C.  L.,  Xew  York  City ; 
Oscar  W.,  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  and  Irving,  who  was  drowned  in 
White  Bay,  near  \\'hitehall.  Mich.  Oscar  W.  Schaeffer  was  educated 
in  the  public  schools  of  Sharon.  Wis.,  and  also  attended  school  at  Cof- 
feyville. after  the  family  came  to  Kansas.  He  also  assisted  his  father 
in  his  newspaper  work  until  1870,  when  they  came  to  Girard.  He  was 
then  employed  as  clerk  in  the  store  of  Mr.  Seabury  for  a  time,  when 
he  made  his  start  in  his  banking  career.  He  was  employed  as  a  clerk 
in  the  bankins:  house  of  Frank   Plavter,  and   although   this   institution 


BIOGRAPHICAL  187 

has  changed  hands  a  number  of  times,  Mr.  Schacffer  has  remained 
steadily  in  the  employ  of  the  ])ank,  and  for  the  last  thirty-five  years  has 
held  the  position  of  cashier.  The  State  Bank  of  Girard  is  the  oldest 
banking  institution  in  Crawford  county,  having  been  established  in 
1870,  and  was  conducted  as  a  private  bank  until  1905,  when  it  was  in- 
corporated under  the  Ijanking  laws  of  Kansas.  It  has  a  paid-up  cap- 
ital stock  of  $50,000  and  a  surplus  of  $19,000,  and  is  one  of  the  sub- 
stantial and  well  conducted  banking  institutions  in  southeastern  Kansas. 
In  addition  to  his  interest  in  banking  Air.  Schaeffer  is  an  extensi\c  land 
owner  in  Crawford  county,  lie  is  a  member  of  the  Knights  of  Pythias, 
Uniform  Rank;  Independent  Order  of  Red  Men,  Benevolent  and  Pro- 
tective Order  of  Elks,  Fraternal  Order  of  Eagles,  the  Anti-Horse  Thief 
Association.  Girard  Business  Men's  Club,  American  Piankers'  Associa- 
tion and  the  Kansas  State  Bankers'  Association.  During  his  long  and 
successful  career  as  a  banker,  Mr.  Schaeffer  has  made  a  wide  acquaint- 
ance and  many  friends,  and  by  his  straightforward  business  methods  has 
won  the  confidence  of  the  financial  and  commercial  world. 

Edwin  V.  Lanyon,  ]:resident  of  the  Xational  I'ank  of  Pittsburg,  is 
a  dominant  factor  in  the  financial  and  industrial  world,  and  belongs  to 
a  family  who  have  figured  conspicuously  in  the  industrial  development 
of  southeastern  Kansas  for  the  last  quarter  of  a  century.  Edwin  V. 
Lanyon  is  a  native  of  Wisconsin.  He  was  born  at  Mineral  Point  De- 
cember 14,  1863,  and  is  a  son  of  Josiah  and  Jane  (Trevorrow)  Lanyon, 
the  former  a  native  of  Mineral  Point  and  of  English  descent  and  the 
latter  a  native  of  England.  The  father  came  to  Pittsburg,  Kans..  in 
1S82.  and  was  interested  in  the  smelter  develo])ment  of  that  section,  but 
later  returned  to  Mineral  Point.  Wis.  Edwin  \'.  Lanyon  received 
his  education  in  the  public  schools  of  Mineral  Point,  and  in  1882  came  to 
Pittsburg  with  his  father,  where  they  built  a  zinc  smelter  which  they 
operated  until  1897,  which  was  o])erated  under  the  firm  name  of  \V.  &  J. 
Lanyon.  They  also  built  a  large  smelter  at  lola.  A  number  of  members 
of  the  Lanyon  families  were  interested  in  these  gigantic  smelting  proj- 
ects, and  thousands  of  dollars  were  involved.  The  Tola  plant  was  oper- 
ated under  the  name  of  Robert  Lanyon  &  Sons  Smelting  Company,  as 
was  also  the  LaHari)e  ])lant,  and  these  institutions  were  later  absorbed 
by  the  Lanyon  Zinc  Company.  In  the  spring  of  1899  Edwin  V.  Lanyon, 
of  this  review,  became  sui)erintendent  of  the  Lanyon  Zinc  Company's 
smelters  at  lola  and  LaHarpe,  and  remainc<l  in  that  capacity  until  1902, 
when  he  went  to  Xeodesha  and.  in  partnership  with  his  brother.  Deli  is, 
and  William  Lanyon,  Jr.,  built  a  zinc  smelter  which  they  operate<l  about 
a  year,  when  it  was  sold  to  the  Grady  M.  I't  1.  Co.,  of  St.  Louis,  then 
he  returned  to  Pitt.sburg,  Kans.,  and  became  president  of  the  Xational 
Bank  of  Pittsburg,  with  which  he  had  been  associated  as  director  for 
a  number  of  years  I)efore.  This  is  one  of  the  substantial  banking  institu- 
tions of  southeastern   Kansas,  and   manv  of  the  best  business  men   of 


l88  BIOGRAPHICAL 

that  section  have  been  interested  in  it  for  years.  \\'hile  Air.  Lanyon 
S:;i\-es  the  Ijanking  interest  the  greater  amount  of  his  attention,  he  is 
still  interested  in  a  number  of  important  industrial  projects.  In  1906  he, 
with  his  brother.  Deles,  and  associates,  organized  the  Lanyon  Star 
Smelting  Company  at  Bartlesville,  Okla.,  and  constructed  a  large  plant 
at  that  place,  which  they  still  operate.  He  was  one  of  the  organizers 
of  the  Pittsburg  Zinc  Company  which  purchased  a  plant  in  Pittsburg 
in  1907,  which  they  still  operate,  and  of  which  company  he  is  president. 
In  1905  he,  with  other  interests,  organized  the  Home  Light, 
Heat  and  Power  Company,  of  which  he  was  president;  later  that  com- 
])any  was  absorbed  by  an  eastern  syndicate.  Besides  his  banking  in- 
terests in  Pittsburg  he  is  interested  in  the  Mulberry  State  Bank,  of  which 
he  is  vice-president.  Besides  his  vast  private  industrial  interests  Mr. 
Lanyon  has  found  time  to  devote  to  the  public  welfare,  and  is  public 
spirited  and  is  ever  ready  to  support  any  public  enterprise  tending  to  a 
greater  Pittsburg.  He  has  served  as  mayor  of  Pittsburg  one  term,  and 
is  an  active  member  of  the  Chamber  of  Commerce.  He  has  been  vice- 
president  of  the  Commercial  Club  and  is  vice-president  of  the  Carnegie 
Library  Board.  He  is  a  Knights  Templar  Mason  and  a  member  of  the 
Shrine,  and  belongs  to  the  Ancient  Order  of  United  Workmen,  Benevo- 
lent and  Protective  Order  of  Elks,  Modern  Woodmen  of  America  and 
the  Fraternal  Aid.  Mr.  Lanyon  was  united  in  marriage  November  i-j, 
i8Sq,  to  Miss  Lydia,  daughter  of  T.  L.  and  Caroline  (Neff)  Scott,  of 
Pittsburg,  Kans.,  where  her  father  is  a  contractor  and  builder.  ]\Irs. 
Lanyon  was  Ixirn  in  Missouri  and  came  to  Kansas  with  her  parents 
when  a  child.  She  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  and  taught  for 
a  time  in  the  Pittsburg  city  schools.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Lanyon  have  been 
born  three  children :  Marjorie  married  T.  G.  Hill  and  resides  at  Pittsburg; 
Ldwina  was  a  student  at  Dana  Hall.  Wellesley,  Mass.,  and  Dorothy 
a  student  at  Monticello  Seminary,  Monticello,  111.  Mrs.  Lanyon  and 
(laughters  are  members  of  the  Presbyterian  church. 

Noah  E.  Miller, — In  the  death  of  Noah  E.  Miller,  which  occurred  May 
22,  1910,  Comanche  county  lost  one  of  its  most  enterprising  and  valued 
citizens.  Mr.  Miller  was  a  native  of  Holmes  county,  Ohio,  born  July 
29,  i860.  He  was  a  son  of  Eli  and  Mary  (Mast)  Miller,  natives  of  Ohio. 
Noah  E.  Miller  was  reared  on  a  farm  in  Ohio,  educated  in  the  public 
schools  of  that  State,  and  in  1890,  came  to  Kansas,  locating  in  McPherson 
county.  He  followed  farming  there  until  1896,  when  he  removed  to 
Rent)  county,  where  he  bought  considerable  land  and  was  engaged  in 
farming  on  an  extensive  scale  for  a  few  years.  He  then  spent  a  number 
of  years  in  Oklahoma  and  Texas,  and  in  1907  bought  2,000  acres  in 
Valley  township,  Comanche  county  situated  in  one  of  the  richest  parts 
of  Comanche  county,  known  as  Collar  Flats.  He  built  commodious  and 
substantial  farm  buildings  and  added  all  modern  improvements  unfil 
he  had  one  of  the  finest  places  in  the  county  and  was  successfully  en- 


BIOGR.M'HKAL  189 

gaged  in  farming  and  stock  raising  until  the  time  of  liis  death. 
Mr.  Miller  was  an  active  and  influential  citizen  and  a  life  long  RejMibli- 
can,  but  never  desired  to  hold  public  office.  He  was  a  mem])cr  of  the 
Mennonite  church  and  one  of  the  organizers  of  that  denomination  in 
Comanche  county.  Mr.  Miller  was  married  January  12,  1882.  to  Miss 
Sophronia,  daughter  of  William  and  ^lartha  ((lonser)  Hummel,  natives 
of  Ohio.  Mrs.  Miller  was  born  October  2.  1861.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Miller  have  been  born  fourteen  children,  as  follows:  Ursula,  born 
November  5.  1882;  Elias,  born  March  5.  18S4;  Alfred,  born  October  4, 
1885:  Lewis,  born  June  30.  1887;  David,  born  May  2,  1889;  Howard, 
born  March  22.  i8gi  ;  Baldwin  Forest,  born  May  4,  1893;  X.  Tucson, 
born  April  i,  1895;  Mary  Martha,  born  January  6,  1897;  Xora  May.  born 
December  17.  1898;  Billie  Dennis,  born  April  28.  1901;  Levi  .\braham, 
born  March  17,  1903,  and  Christina  Rebecca  and  Harold  Roosevelt, 
twins,  born  August  12.  1905.  The  Miller  family  are  well  known  in 
'."omanche  county,  and  prominent  in  the  communit}'. 

William  Henry  Knecht,  who.  for  over  thirty  years,  has  been  ideniiticd 
with  the  dcvclcipnicnt  of  soutiiwcstcrn  Kansas,  is  a  native  of  Ohio.  He 
was  born  in  Mahoning  county,  near  the  l)irth])lace  of  the  late  ['resident 
McKinley.  December  6,  1859.  He  is  a  son  of  Stejihen  and  Diana 
(Kaescher)  Knecht.  The  father  was  born  in  Xorthamjjton  county. 
Pennsylvania.  March  3,  i!^30.  of  Pennsylvania  parents,  who  removed  to 
Ohio  at  an  early  day  and  from  there  to  Michigan  in  1865.  Diana 
Kaescher  was  born  in  Ohio  in  1838.  .She  was  a  daughter  of  j'^ederick 
and  Mary  (Haulin)  Kaescher,  natives  of  Prussia,  who  immigrated  to 
America  and  settled  in  Ohio  at  an  early  day.  To  Stephen  and  Diana 
(Kaescher)  Knecht  were  born  two  children:  William  Henry  the  subject 
of  this  sketch,  and  FJvvood  Frederick,  born  May  12,  i860,  died  November 
24.  1884.  William  Henry  Knecht  came  to  Kansas  in  1884  and  located 
on  (lovcrnnunt  land  in  .\villa  township,  Comanche  county,  where  he 
has  since  been  engaged  in  farming  and  stock  raising.  He  ]xissed  through 
the  early-day  trials  encountered  by  the  average  pioneer  and  has  suc- 
ceeded tr)  the  extent  that  he  is  now  one  of  the  prosperous  men  of  the 
coimty.  He  owns  a  well  improved  farm  of  785  acres,  and  since  coming 
to  Kansas  has  taken  an  active  interest  in  local  affairs.  For  ten  years 
he  was  postmaster  of  Avilla,  which  was  a  lively  town  in  the  early  days 
but  met  the  fate  of  many  of  the  early  Kansas  towns  and  is  now  extinct 
and  erased  from  the  map.  Mr.  Knecht  is  a  Republican  and  has  held 
various  township  offices.  He  was  married  .August  26.  1890.  to  Miss  .Anna 
K.,  daughter  of  .Abraham  and  Flizabelh  (Shelley)  Darnell,  natives  of 
A'irginia.  The  father  was  born  September  20,  1822.  He  was  an  early 
settler  in  Kansas  and  died  in  Cowley  cotmty  June  4,  1884,  having  been 
gored  to  death  by  a  bull.  His  wife  was  born  December  12.  1818.  and 
died  in  I'.oone  county,  Indiana.  .April  22.  1862.  They  were  the  i):uents 
of  six  children,  as  follows:  Isaac;  Rebecca;  Sarah  C. ;  William   Henry 


igO  BIOGRAPHICAL 

(deceased);  Anna  K.  and  Lucy  (deceased").  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  William 
Henrv  Kencht  have  been  born  four  children :  Frederick  Ehvood,  born 
September  3.  1893,  died  in  infancy;  Paul  \\'illiam,  born  September  21, 
1894;  Elmer  Harold,  born  March  17,  1896,  and  died  July  26,  1896,  and 
Harry,  born  May  20,  1897.  Mr.  Knecht  is  one  of  the  pioneers  of  southern 
Kansas  who  is  entitled  to  his  share  of  credit  for  the  part  that  he  has 
taken  in  tiie  development  of  Comanche  county. 

Nis  H.  Skourup  is  mayor  of  Pittsburg,  Kans.,  and  a  prominent  fac- 
tor in  the  industrial  development  of  that  progressive  metropolis  of  south- 
eastern Kansas.  Mr.  Skourup  was  born  at  Schleswig,  a  province  of  Ger- 
many, May  28,  1868,  and  is  a  son  of  Hans  and  Catherine  Skourup,  both 
natives  of  Schleswig,  but  of  Danish  origin.  The  father  was  a  farmer 
and  engaged  in  that  vocation  throughout  life,  with  the  exception  of  the 
time  that  he  served  in  the  army  of  his  native  land.  Xis  H.  Skourup  was 
reared  in  his  native  land  and  educated  in  the  public  schools  and  when  a 
young  man  entered  the  Danish  army  and  during  his  period  of  service 
was  a  member  of  the  famous  body  guard  of  the  King  of  Denmark  at 
Copenhagen,  for  fourteen  months.  After  the  expiration  of  his  term  of 
enlistment  he  served  an  apprenticeship  in  the  creamery  business  in  his 
native  land,  and  soon  became  an  expert  butter  maker.  In  1889  he  im- 
migrated to  America,  locating  in  Grimdy  county,  Iowa,  where  he  was 
engaged  in  creamery  work  for  three  years.  He  then  entered  the  Water- 
loo Commercial  College,  Waterloo,  Iowa,  where  he  completed  a  thor- 
ough business  course  in  1893.  Shortly  after  finishing  business  college 
there  he  came  to  Kansas,  locating  at  Richmond,  where  he  had  charge 
of  the  creamery  for  three  years.  He  then  went  to  Ottawa  and 
engaged  in  business  for  himself,  conducting  the  Ottawa  Creamery  Com- 
pany, as  owner  and  proprietor,  for  four  jears.  In  1900  he  disposed  of 
his  interests  in  Ottawa  and  came  to  Pittsburg,  organizing  the  Craw- 
ford County  Creamery  Company  and  has  been  president  of  that  organ- 
ization since  that  time,  and  through  his  untiring  efforts,  coupled  with 
his  detailed  knowledge  of  the  creamery  and  butter  business,  he  has  built 
up  one  of  the  most  extensive  businesses  of  the  kind  in  southeastern 
Kansas.  The  products  of  his  creamery,  which  consist  of  butter,  cream 
and  ice  cream,  have  an  established  reputation  for  their  high  degree  of 
merit  which  needs  no  comment  here.  In  addition  to  his  active  business 
career,  Mr.  Skourup  has  found  time  to  devote  considerable  attention  to 
the  public  affairs  of  his  city.  He  has  served  as  a  member  of  the  board 
of  education  of  Pittsburg,  and  in  April,  1913,  was  elected  mayor  of 
Pittsburg,  and  his  administration  of  public  affairs  has  been  one  of  ef- 
ficiency and  economy,  well  known  to  all  who  are  familiar  with  the  con- 
duct of  his  administration  under  the  commission  form  of  government; 
recently  inaugurated  in  that  city.  Mayor  Skourup  has  shown  himself 
to  be  a  man  thoroughly  capable  of  transacting  public  business  on  the 
same  high  plan  that  he  has  conducted  a  successful  private  enterprise. 


BIOGRAPHICAL  I9I 

He  was  united  in  marriage  April  i8.  1896,  to  Miss  Anna  M.  Greischer, 
of  Richmond.  Ivans.  Mrs.  Skoiirup  is  a  native  of  the  Sunflower  State, 
born  in  Richmond,  I-'ranUIin  county,  and  educated  in  the  public  schools 
of  her  native  county.  She  is  a  daughter  of  Charles  Greischer,  a  prom- 
inent farmer  of  Franklin  county.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Skourup  have  been 
born  two  children:  Elnora.  a  graduate  of  the  Pittsburg  High  School, 
and  ^lildred.  a  student  of  the  Pittsburg  schools.  Mr.  Skourup  is  a 
members  of  the  Masonic  order,  including  the  Mystic  Shrine,  and  holds 
membership  in  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows.  His  wife  is  a 
member  <if  the  Eastern  Star. 

William  Aaron  Brandenberg,  president  of  the  Manual  Training  Nor- 
mal School,  Pittsburg,  Kans.,  is  well  known  throughout  the  West  and 
Southwest  as  a  prominent  author,  lecturer  and  educator.  He  was  born 
in  Clayton  county,  Iowa,  October  10,  1869,  and  is  a  son  of  Frank  and 
Enfield  ( Ma-xwell )  Brandenberg.  William  .Aaron  IJrandenberg  was 
reared  on  his  father's  farm  and  attended  the  district  school,  and  later 
graduated  from  the  Volga  High  School.  He  then  taught  school  about 
a  year  and  a  half,  and  his  first  pedagogic  experience  was  in  the  traditional 
little  old  log  school  house.  He  then  became  assistant  superintendent  of 
the  Volga  schools,  and  held  that  position  for  three  years,  resigning  to 
attend  college.  In  1895  he  matriculated  at  Drake  University,  Des 
Moines,  Iowa,  and  was  graduated  in  the  class  of  1900  with  the  degree, 
I'aclielor  of  Philosophy.  In  1900  he  accepted  the  superintendency  of 
the  Park  Avenue  district  school,  where  he  remained  three  years,  when 
he  became  superintendent  of  the  Capital  Park  district  school.  In  1905 
he  resigned  to  accept  the  suiierintendcncy  of  the  public  schools  at  Mason 
City,  Iowa.  In  1910  he  became  superintendent  of  the  city  schools  of 
Oklahoma  City,  Okla.,  and  in  .August,  1913,  accepted  the  presidency  of 
the  Manual  Training  Normal  School  of  Pittsburg,  and  has  capably 
filled  that  responsible  position  to  the  present  time.  Mr.  Brandenberg 
has  had  a  broad  field  i<(  experience  in  educational  work.  He  has  done  a 
great  deal  of  institute  work  and  has  been  called  to  the  field  nf  Chau- 
tauqua work,  in  which  he  is  very  popular  as  a  lecturer,  and  in  con- 
^Ide^able  demand.  He  is  an  instructive  and  entertaining  public  speaker, 
and  has  had  a  broad  exi^erience  in  that  line  of  work.  Prof.  Brandenberg 
is  the  author  of  a  research  and  reference  work  on  United  States  History 
and  Civics  of  the  State  of  Iowa,  which  was  published  in  1903.  In 
1903-4-5  he  was  instructor  of  education  in  Drake  University,  Des  Moines, 
Iowa.  Mr.  Brandenberg  was  married  June  22,  1893,  to  Miss  Alta,  daugh- 
ter of  William  and  Lucy  (Chapman)  Penfield,  of  Volga,  Iowa,  where 
her  father  is  engaged  in  the  mercantile  business.  Mrs.  Brandenberg  was 
born  at  Volga,  where  she  attended  the  public  schools,  graduating  from 
the  high  school,  and  later  attended  Upper  Iowa  University,  Fayette, 
Iowa.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Brandenberg  have  been  born  six  children: 
Lola,   graduate  of  the   Oklahoma   City   High   School,  Central    Normal 


192  BIOGRAPHICAL 

Training'  School  of  Oklahoma,  now  a  member  of  the  senior  class  of 
normal  college,  State  Manual  Training  Normal  School ;  Amv,  member 
of  the  senior  class  of  Pittsburg  High  School;  Merrill,  student  in  the 
Pittsburg  High  School;  Harold,  Helen  and  ^^'illiam  A.,  Jr.,  all  students 
in  the  Pittsburg  schools.  Mr.  Pirandenberg  is  a  Knights  Templar 
Mason  and  a  member  of  the  Shrine,  Knights  of  Pythias,  Modern  ^^"ood- 
men  of  America  and  Yeoman.  He  and  his  wife  are  members  of  the 
Christian  church. 

Harry  Brent  Kumm,  cashier  of  the  First  National  Bank  of  Pittsburg, 
is  one  of  the  substantial  young  business  men  of  the  banking  industry  of 
southeastern  Kansas.  Mr.  Kumm  was  born  at  Sedalia.  Mo.,  June  :?3, 
1880,  and  is  a  son  of  Louis  Kumm.  a  personal  sketch  of  whom  appears 
in  this  'volume.  Harry  Brent  Kumm  was  about  three  years  of  age  when 
his  parents  removed  to  Pittsburg,  and  thus  his  entire  life  has,  practically, 
been  s])ent  in  that  city.  He  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  and 
about  two  months  before  he  would  have  completed  his  high  school  course 
he  accepted  a  position  as  messenger  in  the  First  National  Bank.  This 
was  in  January,  i8g8,  and  he  has  been  connected  with  this  financial  in- 
stitution since  that  time,  and  gradually  advanced  from  one  position  to 
another,  and  on  July  i.  1911.  became,  cashier,  succeeding  J.  L.  Rogers, 
whose  death  occurred  at  that  time.  Mr.  Kumm  has  held  that  position 
since  that  time  and  is  recognized  as  one  of  the  capable  financiers  of  Pitts- 
burg. He  is  a  director  in  the  Pittsburg  Building.  Savings  &  Loan  Asso- 
ciation. He  takes  an  active  part  in  the  promotion  of  public  affairs  and 
is  active  in  the  Chamber  of  Commerce  and  Merchants'  Association.  He 
is  a  director  of  the  Young  Men's  Christian  Association  and  a  member 
of  the  First  Presbyterian  Church  and  active  in  the  work  of  the  congrega- 
tion, being  a  member  of  the  board  of  trustees  and  president  of  that  body. 
He  is  prominent  in  Masonic  circles,  l^eing  a  York  Rite  Alason  and  a 
member  of  the  Shrine.  Mr.  Kumm  was  united  in  marriage  October  7, 
1914,  to  Miss  Lorene.  daughter  of  J.  H.  and  Delila  (Fhut)  Cooper,  of 
Westmoreland,  Kans.  The  Cooper  family  came  from  Illinois  and  are 
early  settlers  of  Pottawatomie  county.  Kansas,  where  the  father  was  a 
prominent  farmer  and  stock  raiser  and  served  as  register  of  deeds  for 
six  years  and  sli,eriff  for  four  years  of  that  county.  He  died  in  May, 
iqi2,  and  is  survived  by  his  widow,  who  resides  at  Westmoreland,  Kans. 
Mrs.  Kumm  was  born  in  Pottawatomie  county,  and  educated  in  the  pub- 
lic schools  of  Westmoreland  and  Washburn  College,  Topeka.  She  is  a 
member  nf  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church. 

Charles  M.  Bean,  a  pioneer  of  Comanche  county  now  deceased,  was 
a  prominent  factor  in  the  development  of  Comanche  county,  and  1)\' 
his  industry  and  thrift  became  one  of  the  well-to-do  and  substantial 
citizens  of  that  section  of  the  State,  lie  was  a  native  of  Iowa,  born 
September  6,  1853,  a  son  of  Plato  Bean,  who  was  a  pioneer  of  Iowa  and 
in   1864  returned  to  Illinois,  where  he  spent  the  remainder  of  his  life. 


BIOGRArillCAL  103 

Charles  M.  llean  was  ediicalcd  in  tin-  jmhlic  schools  and  when  a  younc; 
man  removed  to  Texas,  where  he  remained  until  1884.  when  he  came 
to  Comanche  county,  Kansas,  and  located  on  Government  land  twelve 
miles  east  of  Coldwater.  1  Ic  entjafjed  in  farming  and  the  cattle  Inisiness 
and  was  successful,  lie  bought  additional  land  as  he  ])rospcrcd  and  at 
the  time  of  his  death  owned  88o  acres,  and  his  wife  has  bought  840 
acres  since  his  death,  and  the  family  now  owns  1,720  acres.  It  is  all 
well  improved  and  considered  one  of  the  best  farms  in  Comanche  county. 
Mr.  r.ean  was  a  Republican,  but  never  asj)ircd  to  hold  political  office, 
although  he  was  public  s])irited  and  took  a  keen  interest  in  the  welfare 
of  his  county  and  State.  .  lie  died  April  27,  1900,  and  thus  closed  a 
successful  and  honorable  career.  He  was  united  in  marriage  October 
21.  1875,  at  Monticello,  111.,  to  Miss  Xancy  M.  Cooper,  who  survives 
him  and  now  resides  at  \\\'ilmore,  Kans.  Sh'e  is  a  daughter  of  William 
X.  and  Elizabeth  (Rainwater)  Coo])er.  Mrs.  Bean  was  born  at  Monti- 
cello,  111.,  February  21,  1857.  Her  father  was  a  native  of  Pulaski,  Ky., 
born  May  15,  1821,  and  died  at  Post  Oak,  Texas,  .April  i,  1890.  His  wife 
died  at  Monticello,  111..  .Xjiril  25,  1868.  They  were  the  i)arents  of  thirteen 
children,  as  follows:  Elizabeth  Ellen,  Mary  Jane,  Oliver  Perry,  Martha 
Anne,  Franklin  Green,  Carl  Craughen,  William  Howard.  .Xancy  Margaret, 
Sarah  .Mice,  Dora  Emma,  .\riz<ina  r>elle,  Levi  Lincoln  and  L'relda  Ressa. 
To  Charles  M.  Ilean  antl  Xancy  M.  Coojjer  were  born  five  children: 
Franklin  Alonroe,  born  SejUember  17,  1876;  Henry  Oscar,  born  June  3, 
1879;  Purley  Xewton,  born  March  25,  1882;  William  Cooper,  born  June 
15,  1884;  Dora  Alice,  born  January  6.  1890.  The  I'.ean  family  ;ire  anmng 
the  prominent  citizens  of  Comanche  county  and  are  highly  respected. 

Merit  M.  Cosby,  a  Kansas  ])ioneer  and  a  isrominenl  citizen  of  Clark 
county  now  living  retired  at  Protection,  was  born  in  Jefferson  coiuity, 
Indiana,  Xovember  13,  1862.  He  is  a  son  of  Thomas  X.  and  Mary 
Elizabeth  Jane  (Xay)  Cosby.  The  father  was  a  native  of  Kentucky,  born 
near  Covington  March  i,  1822.  His  ])arents  were  \'irginians  who  settled 
in  Kentucky  before  that  State  was  admitted  to  the  L'nion.  Mary 
Elizabeth  Xay  was  born  in  Jefferson  county,  Indiana,  .April  13,  1825. 
She  was  a  daughter  of  Samuel  Xay,  a  native  of  \'irginia  and  a  ver)-  early 
settler  in  Indiana.  She  died  July  20,  1873.  Thomas  X.  Cosby  removed 
from  Kentucky  to  Indiana  in  1841  and  settled  in  Jefferson  county,  where 
he  was  successfully  engaged  in  farming  and  building  until  his  death, 
January  31,  1869.  He  was  well  off  at  the  linn-  of  his  death.  He  was 
a  prominent  Mason  and  a  member  of  the  Kaptist  church.  To  Thomas 
X.  and  Mary  Elizabeth  Jane  (  Xay)  Cosby  were  born  eight  children,  as 
follows:  Sarah  Isabella,  born  March  iG.  1844.  married  Zephaniah  Loyd, 
a  Civil  war  veteran  who  served  as  a  ))rivate  in  the  Eighty-second  regi- 
ment, Indiana  infantry,  and  resides  in  Jefferson  county,  Indiana;  Mary 
Elizabeth,  born  I'cbruary  15,  1847,  died  January  2,  1849;  William 
Lafavette.  \'alley   I'alls.  Kans..  born  .April  26,   1850.  married  Christiana 


194  BIOGRAPHICAL 

Rutlidge  and  they  have  four  children,  Jolin,  Lillie.  Ora  and  Mamie; 
George  Otto,  born  November  25.  1832.  pliysician.  Bnrnsville,  Ind.,  mar- 
ried Anna  Keneer  and  they  have  three  children,  Alyra,  Hubert  and  Anna 
Marie;  Thomas  Xaton,  born  May  8,  1855,  married  Martha  Nevil,  died 
Mav  7,  1902,  leaving  four  children.  Elba,  Otto,  Lucinda  and  Edna;  John 
Irvin.  born  January  10.  1858.  died  September  13.  1858;  Louisa  Jane, 
born  Februarj'  28,  i860,  married  George  Rock  and  they  have  five  chil- 
dren, Bertha,  Clara.  Blanche,  Arthur  and  Elmer,  and  Merit  M.,  the  sub- 
ject of  this  sketch.  Merit  M.  Cosby  was  seven  years  old  when  his 
father  died  and  about  a  year  later  his  mother  passed  away,  and  thus  he 
was  left  an  orphan  at  the  age  of  eight  years.-  He  went  to  live  with  an 
older  brother  and  attended  the  public  schools  of  Jefferson  county,  In- 
diana, and  remained  in  that  State  until  1884.  He  then  came  to  Kansas, 
locating  on  Government  land  on  Bluff  creek,  Clark  county.  The  town 
of  Lexington  was  located  on  his  homestead,  and  he  was  one  of  its  or- 
ganizers and  incorporators  in  1886.  and  was  elected  a  member  of  its 
first  council,  and  held  that  office  during  the  life  of  the  town,  which  was 
three  years,  when  it  became  extinct  for  the  reason  that  they  failed  to 
secure  a  railroad.  Mr.  Cosby  was  engaged  in  farming  and  stock  raising 
until  1890.  when  he  removed  to  Protection  and  engaged  in  the  mercantile 
business.  He  continued  to  buy  land  in  Comanche  county  and  is  now 
one  of  the  large  land  owners  of  that  section.  He  is  a  Republican  and 
prominent  in  the  local  organization  of  his  party,  and  has  held  various 
city  and  township  offices  and  was  justice  of  the  peace  for  a  number  of 
years.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows  and 
the  Baptist  church.  Mr.  Cosby  was  married  at  Madison,  Ind.,  March  16, 
18S1,  to  Miss  Florence  Jane,  a  daughter  of  Gamaliel  and  Lydia  Jane 
(Lewis)  Rogers,  the  former  a  native  of  Switzerland  county,  Indiana, 
born  October  31,  1837,  of  Ohio  and  Kentucky  parents,  his  father  being 
born  at  Cincinnati,  Ohio,  when  it  was  a  mere  trading  post  and  his  mother 
a  native  of  Kentucky.  Gamaliel  Rogers  was  a  veteran  of  the  Civil  war, 
having  served  four  years  as  a  private  in  Company  A,  Sixth  regiment, 
Indiana  infantry,  and  participated  in  many  important  battles,  including 
Shiloh.  His  wife  was  a  native  of  Indiana,  born  August  17.  1838.  In 
1886  the  Rogers  family  came  to  Kansas  and  remained  in  this  State  until 
1902,  when  they  removed  to  Missouri.  Mrs.  Cosby  was  born  in  Ripley 
county,  Indiana,  December  3,  i860,  and  is  the  oldest  of  a  family  of  ten 
children,  the  others  being:  DeLana,  born  April  6.  1862,  now  postmaster  at 
Buffalo,  Okla.,  married  Isabelle  Phillips,  and  they  have  seven  children : 
Ora,  Estella,  Maly.  Alta.  William.  John  and  Taft ;  Robert  Willis,  born 
June  18,  1865,  died  September  22,  1885  ;  Jessie  Anne,  born  January  i,  1866, 
married  Charles  Pauly  and  they  have  four  children :  Frank,  \Mlliam,  Elva 
and  Xellie;  Johnnie  Belle,  born  May  10,  1868,  married  Charles  Morrison; 
Christiana  Rachael.  born  November  18.  1870.  married  \\'illiam  Schworkey 
and  they  have  five  children:  Orville,  Charles,  Lewis,  Paul  and  Nicholas; 


BIOGRAPHICAL  195 

Samuel  Nicholas,  Ijorii  July  6,  1872,  married  Mary  Painter  and  they  have 
eight  children;  Moses,  born  August  10,  1873,  died  July  20,  1874;  Celia 
Rebecca,  born  October  6.  1879.  married  Samuel  Diece,  Gary  county, 
Kansas,  and  Pearl,  born  December  6,  1880,  married  Leslie  Lynch  and 
they  have  two  children  ;  Orville  and  Laverne.  To  Mv.  and  Mrs.  Merit 
M.  Cosby  have  been  born  five  children,  as  follows :  Jane,  born  December 
12,  1881.  married  Armand  Baker,  March  16,  1904;  George  Otto,  born 
December  7.  1882.  died  December  17.  1882;  Lydia  Myrtle.  l)orn  March 
7.  1885,  died  September  7.  1885;  I''''ed  Leo,  born  August  j8,  1889,  married 
Elaine  Shepard  May  30.  1914,  and  Foy  Rogers,  born  December  12,  1894. 
Mr.  Cosh)'  is  one  of  the  hardy  pioneers  who,  like  many  other  early 
Kansas  settlers,  is  entitled  to  a  great  deal  of  credit  for  the  part  that  he 
has  played  in  making  Kansas  one  of  the  greatest  states  in  the  Union. 
These  pioneers,  no  matter  how  much  success  they  attain  in  a  material 
way,  will  never  be  fully  repaid  for  the  hardships  which  they  ciuhired 
and  the  dangers  to  which  they  were  exposed  during  tlieir  exi)ericnce 
in  the  early  days  while  establishing  a  home  on  the  plains  (jf  the  West, 
not  only  for  themselves  but  for  posterity. 

William  Vonneida  Jackson,  of  Mayo,  Kans.,  has  been  an  important 
factor  in 'the  de\clij])mcnt  of  Comanche  county  for  thirty  years,  and  is 
one  of  the  large  land  owners  and  stockmen  of  so^1thern  Kansas.  lie  is 
a  native  of  the  Buckeye  State,  born  at  Dayton,  Ohio,  February  2,  1863, 
and  is  a  son  of  Samuel  B.  and  Martha  (Vonneida)  Jackson.  Samuel  B. 
Jackson  was  a  native  of  Virginia,  born  at  ^^'aterford,  October  3,  1824. 
of  \'irginia  parents.  lie  was  a  graduate  of  the  ( )hio  High  School  and 
I'ater  read  law  under  the  preccptorship  of  Judge  White,  who  was  later 
a  member  of  the  Ohi(j  Supreme  Court.  .Samuel  Jackson  was  practicing 
law  at  Dayton,  Ohio,  when  the  Civil  war  broke  out.  and  when  the  call 
for  volunteers  came  he  turned  his  law  office  into  a  recruiting  station, 
organizing  two  com|)anies.  and  was  elected  ca])tain  of  Company  E, 
Twenty-fourth  regiment.  Ohio  infantry,  and  scr\ed  in  tliat  capacity  at 
the  front  until  his  health  failed  and  he  resigned.  In  1870  he  came  to 
Kansas,  locating  on  Government  land  in  what  was  then  Howard,  but  now 
Elk  Cf)unty.  Here  he  spent  the  remainder  of  his  life,  and  died  November 
28,  1877.  His  wife.  Martha  Vonneida.  was  born  in  Lancaster  county, 
Pennsylvania,  October  16.  1838,  and  died  March  2,  1872.  She  was  a 
native  of  Lancaster  county.  T^ennsyivania.  and  the  oldest  daughter  of 
Rev.  Solomon  and  Elizabeth  (I""rey)  \'onneida.  both  Pennsylvanians. 
To  Samuel  B.  and  Martha  (Vonneida)  Jackson  were  born  three  children: 
William  Vonneida,  the  subject  of  this  sketch  ;  Charles  H..  born  A\n\\  14, 
1867,  farmer.  Comanche  county.  Kansas,  and  Martha  Miriam,  born  June 
3,  i8(V),  marrictl  Harmon  Kahler.  of  Hardin  county.  Ohio,  and  they  have 
four  children:  Carl.  William.  Henry  and  Mary.  William  \'onneida 
Jackson  was  educated  in  the  i)ublic  schools  of  Ohio  and  Otterbein 
Universitv  of  Westerville.  Ohio,  and  in   i88^  came  to  Kansas,  locating 


ig(,  BIOGRAPHICAL 

on  Government  land  in  Comanclie  county.  lie  was  one  of  the  very 
earliest  settlers  of  that  section  of  the  State  and  in  the  early  days 
encountered  all  the  discouraging  features  incident  to  the  western  Kansas 
pioneer.  He  prospered  in  the  cattle  business,  and  with  each  sticcessful 
step  bought  additional  land  until  he  now  owns  5,700  acres,  which  is  one 
of  the  best  stock  farms  in  southern  Kansas.  His  place  is  known  as 
"Valley  Farm"  and  is  located  in  Shinier  township,  twenty  miles  south- 
east of  Coldvvater,  the  county  seat.  The  place  is  well  improved,  with 
modern  and  convenient  buildings,  which  includes  one  of  the  best  resi- 
dences in  the  county,  which  was  built  at  a  cost  of  $8,000.  Mr.  Jackson 
has  installed  an  up-to-date  electric  light  plant,  water  works,  etc.  He 
makes  a  specialty  of  raising  Hereford  cattle  and  Duroc-Jersey  swine. 
He  is  also  a  successful  alfalfa  and  wheat  grower.  Mr.  Jackson  has 
always  taken  a  prominent  part  in  public  affairs  of  his  locality  and  is 
a  Republican.  He  served  as  treasurer  of  Comanche  county  from  1894 
to  1898.  In  1908  he  was  elected  a  member  of  the  State  legislature,  serv- 
ing in  the  sessions  1909  and  1911,  and  took  a  prominent  part  in  that 
legislative  session,  in  which  he  was  a  useful  member  of  many  important 
committees.  He  was  united  in  marriage  April  18,  1889,  at  Coldwater, 
Kansas,  to  Miss  Rose  Robertson.  She  is  a  daughter  of  John  and  Maria 
{'XeilD  Robertson  and 'was  born  at  Spirit  Lake,  Iowa,  December  10,  1869. 
To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Jackson  have  been  born  four  children:  Daniel  Xeill, 
born  September  14,  1891  ;  Ruth,  born  January  9,  1895;  Charles  R.,  born 
June  19,  1896,  and  Lucile,  born  August  13,  1902.  Mr.  Jackson  is  a 
member  of  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows,  and  he  and  his  wife 
are  members  of  the  United  Brethren  church. 

Fred  Hinkle,  county  attorney  of  Clark  county,  is  one  of  the  youngest 
men  in  the  State  to  occupy  this  important  position.  He  is  a  native  of 
Kansas,  born  near  .\shland.  January  14.  1S91,  and  is  a  son  of  Chris  and 
Sarah  .\.  (Olinger)  Hinkle.  Chris  Hinkle  was  born  at  Stone  Arabia, 
X.  Y.,  June  19,  1857.  a  son  of  Jacob  and  Louise  (Diehl)  Hinkle,  natives 
of  Germany.  He  was  reared  on  a  farm,  educated  in  the  public  schools 
of  Xew  York  and  was  engaged  in  the  live  stock  business  for  a  .number 
of  years  in  Illinois,  Iowa  and  Nebraska.  In  1882,  he  came  to  Kansas  and 
settled  in  Montgomery  county,  and  two  years  later  removed  to  Clark 
county,  locating  on  government  land  two  and  one-half  miles  west  of 
.\shland,  the  county  seat.  He  still  owns  his  original  homestead  and 
has  added  to  it  until  he  ncnv  owns  720  acres  which  he  dexotes  to  cattle 
raising  principally.  He  is  one  of  the  pioneers  of  Clark  county,  coming 
to  that  section  of  the  State  about  a  year  before  the  county  was  organized. 
In  1885  he  hauled  lumber  from  the  railroad  at  Dodge  City,  which  was 
the  first  lumljer  brought  to  .\shland  and  was  used  in  the  construction  of 
the  first  building  of  that  town.  He  was  one  of  a  family  of  eight 
children,  the  others  being  as  follows:  Henry,  Conrad  (deceased) ;  Philip, 
Fred    (deceased)  ;   ^^'illiam   and   Carmeta.     Chris   and    Sarah    (Olinger) 


BIOGRAPHICAL  I97 

Hinkle  were  united  in  marriage  at  Buffalo,  Mo.,  in  1885.  She  was  born 
at  ISuffalo,  Mo..  April  18,  1857,  of  Tennessee  parents.  Her  father  was  a 
farmer  and  spent  the  latter  part  of  his  life  in  Missouri  lie  was  a  Civil 
war  veteran,  and  ser\-ed  as  justice  of  the  peace  in  Dallas  cnunty. 
Missouri,  for  fifteen  years.  lie  died  in  1890  at  Ijuffalo.  Mo.,  and  his 
wife  passed  away  at  the  same  place  ten  years  later.  .She  was  a  descend- 
ant of  German  nobility,  being  a  member  of  the  Garr  family  who  trace 
their  lineage  back  to  1519,  when  the  family  coat  of  arms  was  known  as 
"Stanii3wai)pen  Des  Garr."  Descendants  of  this  Garr  family  founded  a 
colony  in  \'irginia  in  1732,  and  organized  Culpeper  county  in  that  State. 
At  that  time  Gustavus  Adolphus,  King  of  Sweden,  presented  the  \'ir- 
ginia  members  of  this  family  with  a  pipe  organ  as  a  token  of  his  regard 
f<ir  them.  Later,  members  of  the  (iarr  family  removed  to  Kentucky. 
and  built  the  first  brick  house  that  was  erected  in  that  .State  and  after- 
wards one  of  them  liecame  governor  of  Kentucky.  Members  of  this 
family  were  among  the  founders  of  Louisville.  Ky.  Sarah  Olinger  was 
one  of  a  family  of  nine  children,  as  follows :  Martha,  Susan,  Nancy, 
David,  Louise,  Mary  (deceased) ;  Elizabeth,  Eliza  (deceased),  and  Sarah. 
Fred  llinkle,  whose  name  introduces  this  sketch,  was  the  only  child 
born  to  Chris  and  Sarah  (Olinger)  Hinkle.  lie  was  educated  in  tlie 
public  schools  of  .\shland  and  was  graduated  from  the  .\shland  High 
School  in  the  class  of  igii.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Ashland  High 
School  debating  team,  who  was  well  known  all  over  the  State.  They 
defeated  thirty-five  high  school  debating  teams  in  Kansas  and  were 
awarded  a  silver  loving  cu])  by  the  University  of  Kansas,  .\fier  coiu- 
jjleting  high  school,  Mr.  llinkle  entered  the  L'niversity  of  Micliigan. 
Ann  Arbor,  Mich.,  where  he  was  graduated  from  the  law  dci)artineiit  -n 
the  class  of  1914.  While  a  student  there  he  was  a  member  of  tlii; 
Webster  Law  Club  and  served  as  president  of  that  organization  in  1913. 
The  Webster  Law  Club  is  one  of  the  leading  law  students'  associations 
in  America.  On  June  14,  1914.  Mr.  llinkle  was  admitted  to  the  supreme 
cotirt  of  Michigan  and  on  the  twenty-eighth  of  the  same  month  he  was 
admitted  to  the  su])reme  court  of  Kansas.  In  1914  he  received  the  Demo- 
cratic nomination  for  the  office  of  count}-  attorney  of  Clark  county, 
and  was  elected  by  the  largest  tnajority  of  any  candidate  on  the  ticket. 
Mr.  Hinkle  is  a  close  student  and  i)ossesses  a  natural  adaptitude  for 
the  law,  and  is  making  a  marked  success  in  his  chosen  ])rofession. 

J.  Claude  Lewis,  an  extensive  land  owner  and  stockman  of  Comanciie 
County.  Kansas,  has  for  a  number  of  years  been  one  of  the  large  cattle 
men  of  the  Southwest.  Mr.  Lewis  was  born  near  Bethany,  Harrison 
county,  Missouri.  May  13,  1873,  in  a  two-room  log  house,  which  became 
the  home  of  the  family  soon  after  the  Civil  war.  He  is  a  si>n  of  Merritt 
and  Mary  (Copeland)  Lewis.  Merritt  Lewis  was  a  native  of  Darke 
county,  Ohio,  where  he  was  born  in  March,  1839.  He  was  one  of  a 
family  of  twelve  children,  four  of  whom  were  anKJng  the  first  settlers  of 


igS  BIOGRAPHICAL 

Harper  count}-,  Kansas.  Those  who  settled  in  Harper  county  were 
Joseph.  Frank  M..  Hank  and  Mart.  The  Lewis  family  removed  from 
Ohio  to  Indiana  at  an  early  date,  and  settled  near  where  Terre  Haute  is 
now  located,  and  the  father  died  there  when  quite  a  young  man.  Merritt 
Lewis  was  a  Civil  war  veteran,  having  served  in  Companv  E,  Fifty-first 
Illinois  infantr\-,  throughout  the  war.  He  participated  in  the  battles  of 
Lookout  Mountain,  Chickamauga,  Chattanooga,  and  many  other  im- 
portant engagements.  He  received  honorable  recognition  for  bravery 
on  the  field  of  battle,  in  the  instance  of  capturing  a  CtJnfederate  flag.  At 
the  close  of  the  war  he  went  to  Missouri  and  located  in  Harrison  county, 
where,  with  his  small  savings,  he  bought  an  unimproved  farm  near 
Bethany.  His  wife.  Alary  Copeland,  was  a  daughter  of  John  K.  Cope- 
land,  of  Bethany,  Mo.  She  was  born  near  Gallipolis,  Ohio,  November 
3,  1845,  ^"d  now  resides  at  Carthage,  Mo.  To  Merritt  and  Mary  (Cope- 
land)  Lewis  were  born  four  children,  as  follows:  Charles  H.,  J.  Claude, 
the  subject  of  this  sketch;  Burt  V.  and  Grace.  Merritt  Lewis  lived  on 
his  farm  near  Bethany,  Mo.,  until  about  eight  years  ago,  when  he  re- 
moved to  Carthage,  Mo.,  and  spent  the  balance  of  his  days  in  retirement. 
He  died  May  11,  1913,  aged  seventy-five  years.  He  was  an  uiiright 
citizen  and  commanded  the  respect  of  all  who  knew  him.  and  above  all 
he  died  possessed  of  the  love  of  his  children,  who  recognized  in  him  the 
noble  qualities  of  an  ideal  father.  During  his  lifetime  he  had  extensive 
ranch  interests  in  Kansas  and  Indian  Territory.  He  was  a  member  of 
the  Masonic  lodge  and  the  Grand  Army  of  the  Reijublic.  J.  Claude 
Lewis,  whose  name  introduces  this  review,  received  his  education  in  the 
public  schools  of  Bethany,  Mo.,  and  Wellington  and  Sedan,  Kans.  At 
the  age  of  seventeen  he  left  Bethany,  Mo.,  and  went  to  Anthony,  Kans., 
as  his  father  was  interested  in  the  cattle  business  in  that  section  of 
Kansas  and  Oklahoma.  Life  on  the  plains  and  the  cattle  business 
fascinated  young  Lewis  from  the  start.  After  spending  a  season  on  the 
plains,  he  returned  to  Bethany,  Mo.,  and  invested  all  his  savings  in  cattle 
and  thus  began  his  career  as  a  cattleman.  The  following  spring  he 
went  to  Carthage,  Mo.,  spending  the  summer  on  his  father's  farm  there, 
but  during  all  this  time  he  heard  the  call  of  the  West,  and  on  August 
2,  1893,  he  saddled  his  horse  and  started  for  .\nthony,  Kans.  When 
he  reached  there  he  found  all  in  excitement  over  the  opening  of  the 
neutral  strip  in  Oklahoma,  which  was  to  be  opened  to  homesteaders 
September  16,  1893.  It  was  important  to  be  on  the  ground  early  in  order 
to  have  a  choice  of  the  land  which  was  to  be  opened  to  settlement,  and 
the  man  with  the  fastest  horse  had  considerable  advantage  in  the  race 
for  a  good  location.  Mr.  Lewis  headed  for  a  locality  which  is  now  Kay 
county,  near  Blackvvell,  Okla.,  and  succeeded  in  locating  on  a  choice 
claim.  During  the  day  three  or  four  others  staked  his  claim,  but  he 
settled  with  the  first  party  to  file  for  a  small  sum,  which  he  considered 
very  large  at  that  time.     Shortly  after  this  he  drifted  west  in  Oklahoma 


BIOGRAPHICAL  I99 

with  the  cattle  interests,  with  a  view  of  locating  south  of  the  Cimarron 
river.  In  the  Gloss  mountains  on  the  Cheyenne  creek,  he  liuntcd  and 
camped  out.  lookin<;  the  country  over  thoroughly  and  after  finding  no 
permanent  settlers  he  decided  that  he  had  found  what  cattlemen  called 
"a  cow  paradise."  Here  he  arranged  a  camp  and  began  the  cattle 
business.  He  bought  young  cattle  as  long  as  his  money  lasted  and 
worked  for  other  cattle  men  at  roundup  work,  etc.,  in  order  to  pay  ex- 
penses. He  invested  every  dollar  he  could  get  in  young  cattle  and  in- 
creased his  herd  and  range  until  1896-7  when  settlers  began  to  rush  in 
and  take  np  the  range  for  homesteads.  He  then  secured  another  range 
in  the  sand  hills,  north  of  Salt  Fork  river,  near  Walnut  Grove  crossing. 
About  this  time  he  sold  a  half  interest  in  his  business  to  Tom  S.  Mof- 
fett,  and  they  began  buying  cattle  in  the  southern  country  and  trailing 
them  to  this  ranch.  They  also  secured  a  lease  on  a  large  tract  of  l.nul 
in  Comanche  and  Kiowa  counties,  Oklahoma,  and  during  the  same  time' 
they  were  feeding  cattle  extensively  at  Cameron,  Kans.  Settlers  still 
pursued  them  and  began  to  close  in  on  their  range,  and  the  Government 
refused  to  renew  the  lease,  and  they  began  looking  for  another  location 
suitable  for  the  cattle  business  and  in  June,  1900,  they  located  at  tiic 
old  town  of  A  villa  and  Mr.  Lewis  formed  a  ])artnership  with  John  Mof- 
fett,  Tom  S.  Moffett  and  L.  11.  'Andrews  and  they  bought  about  24,000 
acres,  with  a  view  that  it  would  some  day  make  a  good  farming  country. 
Here  they  began  handling  cattle  on  a  large  scale  and  in  addition  to  their 
large  holdings  they  leased  considerable  land  near  by.  and  at  the  same 
time  grazed  hundreds  of  cattle  in  the  Flint  Hills,  farther  east.  At  the 
same  time  they  began  farming  on  a  large  scale  and  began  to  raise  con- 
siderable wheat  and  other  grain.  In  1909-10  western  land  began  to 
boom  and  they  sold  several  thousand  acres  to  settlers  in  that  locality, 
but  still  retain  about  9,000  acres  and  carry  on  general  farming  exten- 
sively, as  well  as  a  large  cattle  business.  In  the  spring  of  1913  they  be- 
gan to  prepare  a  large  acreage  for  wheat  and  sowed  between  6,000  and 
7.000  acres  that  fall,  and  in  1914  their  yield  was  over  100,000  bushels, 
which  is  some  item  considering  the  high  j)rice  of  wheat.  Mr.  Lewis 
was  united  in  marriage  October  4,  1904.  to  Miss  Maude  P>.  Thrift,  of 
Chetopa.  Kans.,  who  with  her  parents  resided  in  Harper  county,  Kansas, 
near  .\nthony,  for  thirteen  years  before  locating  at  Chetopa.  Mrs.  Lewis 
was  born  in  Dallas  comity.  Iowa,  .\ugust  i,^,  1XH3.  .^hc'  is  ;i  daughter 
of  S.  J.  and  .Mice  (Nevil)  Thrift.  .S.  J.  Thrift  was  born  in  Guilford 
county.  Xorth  Carolina,  July  28,  1848.  and  went  to  Indiana  when  a  boy. 
When  the  Civil  war  !)roke  out  he  was  in  that  State,  and  on  December 
28,  l86_^,  enlisted  at  Indianajiolis.  Iiul.,  in  Com|>any  1.  Xinth  reginunt. 
Indiana  cavalry.  He  particii)ated  in  the  battle  of  Pulaski,  Tenn.,  and 
in  the  cam])aigns  against  Forest  and  Hood.  He  was  also  at  the  battles 
of  Drick  River.  Cohunbia.  Franklin  and  Xashville.  He  received  an  hon- 
orable discharge  September  25,    1865.     .\t   the  close  of  the  war  he  re- 


200  EIOGRfVPHICAL 

turned  to  Indiana  and  was  married  and  shortly  afterwards  went  to  Iowa, 
locatingf  in  Dallas  county  and  followed  railroading  and  farming.  In 
1890  he  came  to  Kansas  with  his  family,  locating  near  Anthony.  Harper 
county,  where  he  followed  farming  until  1903,  when  he  sold  his  place 
and  bought  a  farm  near  Chetopa,  Kans..  where  he  resided  until  igo6, 
when  he  sold  out  again  and  removed  to  Chetopa.  where  he  is  now  living, 
retired.  Mrs.  Lewis  is  one  of  a  family  of  seven  children.  She  was  seven 
vears  of  age  when  her  parents  located  in  Harper  county.  Kansas.  She 
attended  the  district  schools  and  began  teaching  at  the  age  of  eighteen. 
She  taught  school  in  Kansas  and  Oklahoma  and  was  an  exce]^tionally 
successful  teacher,  and  when  the  family  removed  to  Chetopa.  in  ic)03, 
she  taught  school  in  that  vicinity  one  term  ])rior  to  her  marriage.  Mrs. 
Lewis  is  a  woman  of  unusual  aliility  and  is.  in  fact,  not  only  a  hel])- 
mate.  but  a  jjartner  of  her  husband.  She  is  just  as  successful  a  wife  as 
she  was  a  school  teacher.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Lewis  reside  on  their  Comanche 
county  ranch  during  the  summers  and  spend  the  winters  in  Kansas  City, 
Mo.,  where  Mr.  Lewis  is  interested  with  the  Moffett  Bros.  &  Andrews 
Commission  Company,  as  well  as  land  interests  in  Kansas,  Missouri, 
Texas  and  .\rkansas.  Mr.  Lewis  is  one  of  the  progressive  and  public 
spirited  citizens  of  Comanche  county,  and  has  ever  been  a  hard  worker 
for  the  development  of  Comanciie  county  and  the  betterment  of  the 
community.  He  is  ever  ready  and  willing  to  support,  witii  his  time 
and  money,  any  enterprise  that  tends  to  the  upbuilding  of  Comanche 
county.  He  is  vice  president  of  the  Peoples  State  Bank,  of  Coldwater, 
Kans. 

Samuel  H.  Hughs,  a  Civil  war  veteran  and  pioneer  of  Clark  county, 
Kansas,  is  a  Kentuckian.  He  was  born  on  a  farm  in  Allen  county,  July 
I,  1841,  and  is  a  son  of  Meredith  and  Xancy  (Hunt)  Hughs.  The 
father  was  a  native  of  North  Carolina,  born  February  22,  1802,  of  old 
southern  stock.  He  was  a  prominent  plantation  owner  and  a  memljer 
of  the  county  court,  and  owned  slaves  before  the  war.  He  was  killed 
in  Madison  county,  Arkansas,  in  1S67,  having  been  shot  from  ambush, 
presumably  bj-  political  enemies.  His  wife  died  in  1863.  They  were  the 
parents  of  nine  children,  as  follows:  Mary  Ann,  Joseph  J.,  Betsey  L., 
John  L.,  Lucinda  C.  Martha,  Walter  Scott,  Xancy  Jane  and  Samuel  H., 
all  of  whom  are  deceased  exce]it  Samuel  H.,  whose  name  introduces 
this  review.  .Samuel  H.  Hughs  was  reared  in  Allen  and  Ohfo 
counties,  Kentuck\-.  and  educated  in  the  ])ublic  schools.  When  the  Civil 
war  broke  out  and  the  Xorth  and  .^uutii  were  mobolizing  their  warring 
legions,  allhough  a  southern  man,  he  cast  his  lot  with  the  Cnion.  and 
enlisted  in  Company  F.  First  .Arkansas  cavalry.  He  i)articipated  in 
many  important  battles  and  hard  fought  campaigns  and  at  the  expiration 
of  his  term  of  service,  after  receiving  his  discharge,  he  engaged  in  the 
mercantile  business  at  Cincinnati,  Ark.,  wliere  he  remained  a  few  years, 
when  he  went  to  Greene  county,  Missouri,  where   he  was  engaged   in 


BIOGRAl'IIKAL  201 

farming  until  1884.  He  then  mined  to  Clark  county.  Kansas,  locating 
on  Government  land  in  Lexington  township,  where  he  has  since  been 
successfully  engaged  in  farming  and  stock  raising,  and  now  owns  a  well 
improved,  productive  farm  of  1,500  acres.  In  1885,  shortly  after  coming 
here,  when  Clark  county  was  t)rganized,  he  was  elected  county  treasurer, 
and  thus  has  the  distinction  of  being  the  first  county  treasurer  of  Clark 
county,  and  a  further  ])olitical  distinction  was  conferred  ui)on  him  at 
that  election  in  that  he  received  every  vote  that  was  cast  for  the  office 
of  county  treasurer.  He  has  always  taken  an  active  part  in  public  affairs 
and  has  always  been  a  public  spirited  booster  for  the  best  interests  of  his 
county  and  Slate.  He  was  one  of  the  founders  of  the  town  of  Lexington, 
which  was  a  thriving  western  village  for  a  few  years  but  met  with  the 
fate  of  many  other  early  Kansas  towns  that  v\  ere  missed  by  the  railroads 
and  are  now  extinct.  Mr.  Hughs  was  married  October  7,  1868,  to  Miss 
Eliza  E.,  daughter  of  David  W.  and  Rozilla  (Still)  ISryaiU.  She  was 
born  in  Lawrence  county,  ^Missouri,  August  15,  1S51.  Her  father  was 
a  native  of  \'irginia,  born  in  1S07.  and  died  May  29,  1887,  and  her 
uKither  was  l)orn  in  1818  and  died  April  I,  1895.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Hughs  have  been  horn  eight  children,  as  follows:  Meredith  William, 
born  August  18,  1869,  died  September  14,  1870;  Rozilla  Delia  Dian,  born 
February  10,  1871,  died  May  8.  1876;  Lemuel  C,  born  June  20,  1874, 
died  October  5,  1874;  Ottawa  L.,  born  July  13,  1876;  Timothy  AL,  born 
January  2(),  18S0;  (iay  .\.,  born  .\ugust  23.  1886;  David,  born  March  ly, 
1890,  died  March  ij.  1890,  and  .\nnie  V.\a.  born  Xovember  30,  1892.  now 
the  wife  of  E.  A.  I^hoades.  Politicall)-  Mr.  Hughs  is  a  Republican.  Lie 
is  a  member  of  the  Masonic  lodge  at  Asliiand.  Clark  county.  Kansas,  and 
also  a  meiuber  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church,  and  is  an  active  worker 
in  llu-  ci  'nL;rcL;atii  m. 

Michael  Sughrue. — The  life's  history  of  Michael  Sughrue  is  closely 
inlerwiixt'H  with  the  early  settlement  of  the  Southwest.  He  was  a  Civil 
war  \eteran  and  well  known  as  an  early  day  plainsiuan  and  an  Indian 
scout,  who  rendered  in  valuable  service  to  the  (government  in  several 
military  expeditions  against  the  Indians.  He  was  the  lirst  sheriff  elected 
in  Clark  county  and  iiad  the  imusual  distinction  of  having  been  elected 
to  that  office  five  times.  During  the  first  years  of  his  incumbrancy  in 
that  office,  when  the  country  was  new  and  has  its  "bad  men,"  the  duties 
of  the  frontier  sheriff  were  frequently  the  kind  that  "tried  men's  souls." 
Hut  he  was  always  ecpial  to  the  occasion,  lie  was  a  man  of  irnn  ner\e. 
(|uick  ])erception,  courage  and  resourcefulness,  and  as  an  officer  of  the 
law  never  shrang  fro  mhis  duties  no  matter  how  hazardous.  Michael 
Sughrue  was  a  native  of  County  Kerry,  Ireland,  born  l'"ebruary  17,  1844. 
He  was  a  son  of  Hiunphrey  L.  and  Mary  (Sullivan)  .Sughrue, 
natives  of  Ireland.  The  jiarents  immigrated  to  America  witli  their  family 
of  three  children  in  1852;  they  located  in  Washington,  D.  C.  wli.ere  the 
father   was  a   teaclier   for   ten   vears.     .Vs  earlv   as    1862   thev   came   to 


202  BIOGRAPHICAL 

Kansas,  locating  at  Leavenworth,  where  the  father  was  inspector  of 
weights  and  measures  for  the  city  of  Leavenworth  twenty-five  years,  and 
lateV  removed  to  Ford  county,  locating  on  Government  land,  where  he 
spent  the  latter  days  of  his  life.  He  died  April  20,  1885.  He  was  twice 
married,  his  first  wife  being  Mary  Sullivan,  and  three  children  were  born 
to  this  union,  as  follows:  Mary,  born  February  18,  1841,  married  John 
Riley,  now  deceased,  and  nine  children  were  born  to  this  union :  William 
(deceased)  ;  James,  Mary,  Michael,  Lizzie,  Joseph,  John.  Ralph  and 
Daniel  (deceased).  The  two  younger  children  of  Humphrey  L.  and  Mary 
(Sullivan)  Sughrue  were  Patrick  Francis  and  Michael  (twins),  born 
February  17.  1844.  Patrick  Francis  attended  the  public  schools  of 
Washington,  D.  C,  and  when  the  Civil  war  broke  out  he  enlisted  in 
Companv  C,  Xinety-fifth  regiment,  Illinois  infantry,  and  served  three 
years  and  four  months.  He  participated  in  the  siege  of  Vicksburg,  in 
the  Red  River  expedition  under  General  P>anks.  and  many  hard  fought 
battles  and  important  campaigns,  and  at  the  close  of  the  war  he  entered 
the  service  as  a  farrier  and  in  that  capacity  served  at  Forts  Leavenworth, 
Camp  Supply  and  Dodge.  He  retired  from  the  army  in  1878,  when  lie 
engaged  in  blacksmithing  at  Dodge  City.  In  1884  he  was  elected 
sheriff  of  Ford  county  and  served  for  four  years  at  a  time  when  the  sheriff 
of  Ford  county  had  to  be  a  real  sherif?,  for  that  was  the  time  that  Dodge 
Citv  was  the  mecca  of  the  criminal  element  of  the  frontier.  He  made 
a  good  record  and  had  many  lively  encounters  with  the  gunmen  of  those 
early  days.  He  was  seriously  wounded  at  one  time  in  subduing  an 
attempted  jail  delivery.  He  died  April  2,  1907,  from  the  effect  of  injuries 
received  in  an  elevator  accident  at  Topeka.  Patrick  Francis  Sughrue 
was  twice  married,  his  first  wife  being  Catherine  Sullivan,  a  native  of 
Ireland,  born  in  1843  and  died  in  1877.  Five  children  were  born  to  this 
union,  two  of  whom  are  living,  Catherine  and  Francis.  His  second 
wife  was  Katherine  Trutzler,  a  native  of  Germany,  and  eight  children 
were  born  to  this  marriage:  William,  Annie  (deceased^,  Humphrey, 
Lizzie,  Ralph,  Joseph,  Lena  and  Andrew.  Michael  Sughrue,  whose  name 
introduces  this  sketch,  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Washington, 
D.  C,  and  came  to  Kansas  with  his  father  in  1862.  Shortly  after  coming 
to  this  State  he  enlisted  in  Company  E,  Seventh  regiment,  Kansas 
cavalry,  serving  four  years.  He  was  in  a  number  of  important  battles 
and  was  wounded  once,  although  slightly.  When  the  Civil  war  was 
ended  he  entered  the  Government  service  as  a  scout,  and  served  under 
General  Miles  in  that  capacity  in  several  expeditions  against  hostile 
Indians  in  the  West.  *  He  rendered  valuable  service  in  that  hazardous 
sphere  of  military  life.  He  was  later  transferred  to  the  quartermaster's 
department  in  the  capacity  of  wagon  master,  and  crossed  the  plains  on 
several  occasions  with  supply  trains  from  Fort  Leavenworth  over  the 
historic  Santa  Fe  trail  to  Fort  L'nion,  X.  Mex.  Prior  to  1885  he  served 
as  under  sheriff  of  the  territory  now  comprising  Clark  county  when  it 


BIOGRAPHICAL  2O3 

was  attached  to  Ford  county  for  judicial  purposes,  and  in  1885,  when 
Clark  county  was  organized,  he  was  elected  its  first  sheriff,  and  from 
that  on  until  the  time  of  his  death  he  was  elected  sheriff  of  Clark  county 
five  times.  He  died  while  serving  his  fifth  term,  January  2,  1901.  He 
took  an  active  part  in  the  early  organization  of  Clark  county  and  was 
one  of  the  ])ioneers  to  whom  the  great  Slate  of  Kansas  will  ever  owe  a 
debt  of  gratitude  for  the  jiart  that  he  performed  so  well  in  the  early 
settlement  and  in  the  development  of  the  State.  lie  was  a  member  of 
the  Catholic  church  and  belonged  to  the  Grand  Army  of  the  Republic. 
Michael  Sughrue  was  united  in  marriage  at  Atchison,  Kans.,  Jmie  3, 
1874,  to  Miss  Anna,  daughter  of  William  and  F.lizabeth  (Devine) 
W'alters,  natives  of  Germany.  Mrs.  Sughrue  was  born  in  the  Fatherland 
May  13,  1838,  and  when  three  years  old  was  brought  to  America  by 
her  parents,  who  located  at  Atchison.  Kans.  Her  father  was  a  brick 
manufacturer  there  and  died  June  20,  1899,  and  the  mother  died  July  5, 
1905.  To  Michael  and  Afina  (Walters)  Sughrue  were  born  ten  children, 
as  follows:  Mary  I-'lizabeth.  born  March  3,  1876;  Francis,  born  September 
i.^'  ^^77'-  \N'illiam,  born  January  13,  1879.  died  October  2,  1879;  Julia, 
died  August  17.  1880;  Cecelia,  born  October  15,  1882;  .\gnes,  born 
December  2,  1884;  James,  born  July  22,  1886;  George,  born  January  12, 
1888:  I'.ernadine.  horn  December  13,  1890,  and  Herman,  born  June  7,  1899. 
Odus  G.  Young,  a  member  of  the  firm.  Young  Brothers,  is  one 
of  the  most  extensive  cattlemen  of  the  Southwest,  and  belongs  to  that 
type  of  Americans  who  have  become  accustomed  to  doing  big  things 
in  the  commercial  world  without  apparently  knowing  it.  He  might  prop- 
erly be  termed  one  of  the  captains  of  the  cattle  industry.  The  Young 
Pirothers'  ranch  is  located  in  the  far  famed  fertile  valley  of  Bluff  creek, 
Clark  county,  Kansas,  consisting  of  15,000  acres,  and  is  one  of  the  best 
equipped  cattle  ranches  in  southern  Kansas.  Odus  G.  and  Alanzo  F. 
"S'oung  engaged  in  the  cattle  business  in  Kansas  and  were  located  in 
Comanche  county  until  1908,  when  they  bought  ii.ooo  acres  in  Clark 
county,  and  later  added  to  it  until  they  now  own  15,000  acres.  They 
not  only  raise  and  feed  cattle  extensively  but  have  branched  out  in  other 
spheres  of  agriculture,  about  200  acres  of  their  ranch  being  under 
alfalfa,  and  in  1914  they  raised  1,200  acres  of  wheat,  which 
averaged  twenty-five  bushels  per  acre.  Odus  G.  Young  has  for 
years  been  an  extensive  cattleman  in  Oklahoma  and  Texas,  and  now 
has  other  vast  and  varied  interests  besides  the  Clark  county.  Kansas 
property,  wliich  by  no  means  is  a  small  jiroposition  in  itself.  He  is 
heavily  interested  in  Texas  ranch  iirojjerty.  being  one  of  the  owners  of 
"Figure  Two"  ranch,  which  is  also  known  as  the  "Black  Mountain" 
ranch,  located  in  Fl  Paso  and  Culberson  counties.  This  ranch  consists 
of  450,000  acres  and  has  a  capacity  of  handling  20,000  head  of  cattle,  and 
is  one  of  the  great  cattle  ranches  of  western  Texas.  In  addition  to  his 
interest   in   these  vast  acres  in  Texas  and   Kansas   Mr.  Young  is  also 


204  BIOGR.\PHICAL 

extensively  interested  in  farm  property  in  Missouri.  Odus  G.  Young 
is  a  native  of  Missouri.  He  was  born  in  Ray  county  Januarv-  20.  1858, 
and  is  a  son  of  Ambrose  M.  and  Permelia  Frances  (Graham)  Young, 
natives  of  Missouri  and  of  Kentucky  parentage.  Mr.  Young  was 
reared  in  Missouri  and  educated  in  the  pubHc  schools  of  that  State  and 
has  been  doing  things  ever  since  he  started  out  in  life.  He  has  been 
interested  in  politics  since  he  was  a  boy,  and  has  always  been  strong  for 
the  policies  and  principles  of  the  Democratic  party.  He  was  elected 
mayor  of  Carrollton,  Mo.,  in  1888,  and  served  two  terms,  being  the 
youngest  man  ever  elected  to  that  office  in  Carrollton  and  the  only 
one  elected  to  succeed  himself  up  to  that  time.  In  1896  he  was  elected 
a  member  of  the  Missouri  State  senate  from  Jackson  county,  and  was 
prominent  in  the  legislation  of  that  body.  He  was  a  member  of  a  number 
of  important  committees  of  the  senate,  and  was  chairman  of  the  judiciary 
committee.  He  was  the  author  of  the  bill  creating  the  home  for  feeble 
minded  which  is  now  located  at  Marshall.  Mo.,  and  stands  as  a  monu- 
ment to  his  efforts  in  the  cause  of  humanity.  This  was  the  first  and  is 
the  only  institution  of  its  kind  in  the  State  of  Missouri.  Mr.  Young 
has  been  a  prominent  figure  in  Missouri  State  politics  for  years,  and  is 
well  known  all  over  the  State.  A\'hile  his  business  interests  have  ex- 
tended over  a  wide  scope  of  country,  including  several  states,  Mr.  Young 
has  continued  to  reside  in  Missouri,  and  has  a  beautiful  home  at  Xo. 
2910  Campbell  street.  Kansas  City,  ilo.  Mr.  Young  was  united  in 
marriage  December  14.  1882.  to  ^liss  Ida  F.  Gant.  a  native  of  Ray 
county,  Missouri,  born  January  3,  1862,  and  a  daughter  of  Dr.  Jackson 
D.  Gant.  a  near  relative  of  the  late  Judge  Gant  of  the  supreme  court 
of  Missouri.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Young  have  been  born  six  children,  as 
follows:  Jack  F..  born  November  3,  1889;  David  (deceased);  Graham 
(deceased);  Odus  G..  Jr..  born  May  13.  1895;  Carrie  Frances;  Ambrose 
(deceased).  Mr.  Yoimg  is  a  member  of  the  time-honored  Masonic 
lodge. 

Charles  C.  Everitt,  the  efficient  and  jxipular  county  clerk  of  Crawford 
county,  is  one  of  the  well  and  favorably  known  men  in  that  section  of  the 
State.  Mr.  Fveritt  was  born  in  Middlefork,  Hocking  county,  Ohio,  De- 
cember 12.  1873,  and  is  a  son  of  R.  S.  and  Elizabeth  (Friend)  Everitt, 
natives  of  Ohio.  The  father  was  a  descendant  of  Pennsylvania  Dutch 
stock,  and  his  parents  removed  from  the  Keystone  State  to  Ohio  at  a 
very  early  date.  The  mother  is  of  German  and  French  descent,  and 
her  parents  were  also  pioneers  of  Ohio.  R.  S.  Everitt  came  to  Kansas 
with  his  family  in  1883.  and  on  September  20  of  that  year,  located  on  a 
farm  five  miles  northeast  of  Girard.  and  he  was  engaged  in  farming 
there  for  a  number  of  years,  and  now  owns  a  farm  two  and  a  half  miles 
northwest  of  Girard.  but  for  the  last  few  years  has  been  engaged  in 
business  in  Girard.  He  is  a  Republican  and  has  been  active  in  the  politi- 
cal life  lit  the  county  since  locating  there.     He  served  for  three  vears 


BIOGRAPHICAL 


205 


as  suiK'rintendcnt  oi  the  county  poor  farm.  Charles  C  I'.vcrilt,  whose 
name  introdiices  this  sketcli.  is  one  of  a  family  of  seven  chiklren.  as 
follows:  Charles  C;  \V.  C,  locomotive  engineer  on  the  Santa  Fe  rail- 
road, Chanute.  Kans. ;  Jessie,  married  James  Kelly,  Girard.  Kans. ;  Ed- 
ward, Girard.  Kans.;  Ray,  occupies  the  home  farm;  Gladys  and  Anna, 
botii  residing;  at  home.  Charles  C.  Everitt  was  educated  in  the  public 
schools  of  Ohio  and  Kansas  and  taught  school  in  Crawford  county  for 
two  years.  lie  then  entered  the  employ  of  the  Devlin  Coal  Company, 
now  known  as  the  Cherokee  and  Pittsburg  Coal  Company.  Mr.  Everitt 
serxed  in  the  capacity  of  vveighmaster  for  six  years  and  for  tv\'o  years 
was  foreman  of  that  company,  resigning  that  position  to  become  check 
weighman  for  the  miners,  lie  served  in  that  capacity  until  January  11. 
190').  when  he  was  appointed  deputy  county  clerk  of  Crawford  county 
and  held  that  office  four  years.  In  1912  he  received  the  Republican 
nomination  for  the  office  of  county  clerk  and  notwithstanding  the  fact 
that  1912  was  not  a  Republican  year  in  general  and  was  a  Socialist  year 
in  particular,  in  Crawford  county.  Mr.  Everitt  was  defeated  by  the 
small  margin  of  seventy-seven,  out  of  a  total  of  12,000  votes.  In  the 
following  January,  when  he  turned  his  office  o\-er  to  his  successor,  he 
accepted  a  position  as  bookkeei)er  and  cashier  for  the  J.  \i.  Crowe  Coal 
&■  Mining  Company,  and  in  1914  he  again  became  the  Rc]Miblican  can- 
didate for  county  clerk  and  after  one  of  the  hardest  fought  iiolitical  cam- 
paigns in  Crawford  county,  he  was  elected  by  a  majority  of  293.  and 
assumed  the  duties  of  that  office  January  i,  1915,  and  is  now  serving  in 
that  capacity.  Mr.  Everitt's  qualifications  as  an  accountant  and  his  long 
experience  with  the  duties  of  the  office  of  county  clerk  well  qualified 
him  for  that  resiionsible  position.  He  was  united  in  marriage  December, 
1896,  to  Miss  Rosa,  daughter  of  C.  I'.  Montee,  a  pioneer  of  Crawford 
coimty.  who  came  from  Illinois  to  Kansas  at  an  early  date.  To  Mr.  and 
Mrs.  Everitt  have  been  born  four  children,  as  follows:  Robert  Clifford, 
aged  sixteen  ;  Frances  Pauline,  aged  fourteen  ;  Alta  Marcet,  aged  thirteen, 
and  Charles  Montee,  aged  nine.  Mr.  E\eritt  is  a  staunch  Republican 
and  has  been  active  in  the  party  organization  since  casting  his  first  vote. 
He  served  as  treasurer  of  the  school  board  of  Crowberg.  Kans.  Me  is 
a  member  of  the  Masonic  lodge,  the  Ancient  Order  of  I'nitcd  Workmen 
and  the  Fraternal  Order  of  Eagles,  and  licilds  membership  in  the  Metho- 
dist Episcopal  church.  Mr.  Everitt  is  a  strong  advocate  of  out-door 
sports  and  is  an  enthusiastic  discii)le  of  hunling  and  fishing  and  has  a 
reputation  of  being  the  best  wing  shot  in  Crawford  county  \\  ilh  the 
true  spirit  of  the  sportsman,  he  is  a  great  dog  fancier,  Llewellyn  set- 
ters being  his  favorites  and  he  always  keeps  a  few  of  them  in  his  kennels. 
Benjamin  Ulysses  Towner,  a  Kansas  pioneer  and  early  day  cowboy 
and  ])lainsnian  of  the  Snuihwcst,  is  now  a  well  known  and  pros])er<ius 
real  estate  man  at  Protection.  Kans.  He  was  born  in  I'ike  ccmnty.  ( )hio. 
Januarv  24,  1S73.  and  is  a  son  of  William  11.  and  M.irgai'cl   A.   (Smith) 


206  BIOGRAPHICAL 

Towner.  For  a  more  extended  history  of  the  Towner  family  see  sketch 
of  Calvin  C.  Towner  in  this  volume.  Benjamin  U.  Towner  came  to 
Kansas  with  his  parents  in  1884,  and  at  the  early  age  of  eleven  years 
began  his  career  as  a  cowboy  on  the  plains  of  Kansas.  He  followed  that 
vocation  in  Colorado,  Indian  Territory  and  Texas,  and  for  sixteen  years 
lived  in  the  saddle.  He  became  an  expert  horseman  and  roper  and  a 
crack  shot.  His  was  the  school  where  self-reliance,  resourcefulness  and 
courage  were  developed.  He  made  nine  trips  with  cattle  over  the  trail 
from  Xew  ^klexico  and  Texas  ranges  to  Kansas.  He  Avas 
present  at  all  the  openings  of  the  Indian  lands  to  white  settlement  in 
Oklahoma,  beginning  with  the  original  opening  of  a  part  of  that  territory 
in  i88g.  He  broke  seventy-six  head  of  wild  horses  for  the  use  of  other 
people  preparatory  for  the  race  for  land  at  the  opening  of  the  Cherokee 
strip  in  1893.  He  was  engaged  in  handling  horses  and  cattle  on  the 
range  until  1906,  when  he  located  at  Protection  and  engaged  in  the 
livery  business.  In  190S  Mr.  Towner  engaged  in  the  real  estate  and 
auction  business  and  is  one  of  the  successful  and  prosperous  real  estate 
men  of  southwestern  Kansas.  During  the  years  1912-13  he  did  $463,000 
worth  of  business  in  real  estate,  besides  an  extensive  auction  business 
throughout  southern  Kansas  and  northern  Oklahoma.  Mr.  Towner 
was  united  in  marriage  .Vpril  25,  1903,  to  Miss  Elva  B..  daughter  of 
James  and  Jane  (Cochran)  Smith,  natives  of  Indiana,  where  Mrs.  Towner 
was  born  April  2,  1873,  and  came  to  Kansas  with  her  parents  in  1876. 
Mr.  Towner  is  a  Thirty-second  degree  Mason,  being  a  member  of  Con- 
sistory Xo.  2.  Wichita.  Kans.     Politically,  he  is  a  Republican. 

John  J.  Pierson,  wholesale  grocer.  Parsons.  Kans.,  is  a  pioneer  of 
southern  Kansas,  and  for  forty-five  years  has  been  an  active  factor  in  the 
commercial  development  of  Parsons  and  vicinity.  Mr.  Pierson  was  born 
in  Hancock  county.  Illinois.  March  27,  1846,  and  is  a  son  of  Thomas 
William  and  Susannah  (Triggs)  Pierson,  the  former  a  native  of  Ken- 
tucky, born  near  Lexington.  March  28,  1818.  and  the  latter  a  native 
of  Ohio,  born  September  5,  1820.  They  were  married  August  2,  1840, 
and  two  children  were  born  to  this  union :  Mary  Eliza,  born  July  23, 
1843.  now  the  wife  of  J.  J.  Jones,  Parsons,  Kans..  and  John  J.,  whose 
name  introduces  this  sketch.  The  father  died  when  John  J.  was  about 
four  years  of  age,  and  shortly  afterwards  the  mother  removed  to 
Keokuk  coimty,  Iowa,  and  located  on  a  farm.  Here  John  J.  Pierson 
was  reared  to  manhood  and  received  his  education  in  the  public  school. 
His  mother  died  in  1865  and  in  1869  Mr.  Pierson  came  to  Kansas  and 
located  a  claim  near  Altamont,  Labette  county.  At  that  time  the  railroad 
was  not  built  south  of  Kansas  City.  It  was  graded,  however,  as  far 
south  as  Paola.  After  locating  his  claim.  May  25,  1869,  he  went  to 
Emporia.  His  maternal  grandfather.  Triggs,  resided  southwest  of  that 
place,  and  young  Pierson  worked  for  farmers  in  that  locality  during 
that  summer.     He  then  returned  to  Labette  county  and  was  employed 


BIOGRAPHICAL  207 

in  a  sawmill  which  he  helped  to  set  up  cm  Labette  ereek,  and  was  em- 
ployed in  the  operation  of  that  mill  until  May  i,  1870,  when  he  entered 
into  partnership  with  W.  K.  Mays,  who  was  conducting  a  small  general 
store  on  his  claim,  which  is  now  a  part  of  the  city  of  Parsons.  The 
store  WMS  located  on  the  corner  of  what  is  now  South  Sixteenth  street  and 
Thornton  avenue;  the  building  in  which  they  did  business  is  still  stand- 
ing, but  has  been  removed  to  the  Weeks  place.  In  September,  1870,  Mr. 
Hays  was  appointed  postmaster  and  the  postoffice  was  named  Mendota, 
but  on  January  i.  1871.  the  name  of  the  postoffice  was  changed  to  Par- 
sons, the  railroad  townsite  comi^any  having  been  organized  and  the  name 
Parsons  was  given  to  the  town  in  honor  of  the  president  of  the  townsite 
company.  There  was  no  railroad  in  this  section  of  the  State  when 
Messrs.  Hays  and  Pierson  began  business,  and  they  hauled  all  their 
goods  from  Fort  Scott,  a  trip  usually  occupying  about  three  days.  Prices 
of  provisions  did  not  vary  much  from  the  present  day  high  cost  of  living 
with  the  exception  of  a  few  articles ;  flour  was  $6.50  per  hundred  and 
brown  sugar  sold  for  20  cents  per  pound,  there  being  no  granulated  in 
the  market,  and  bacon  25  cents  per  pound.  About  the  time  the  townsite 
comjjany  was  organized  Messrs.  llays  and  Pierson  moved  their  store 
building  on  a  lot  which  is  now  in  the  rear  of  the  St.  Clair  hotel  and 
continued  business  there  until  the  following  March,  when  the  town 
lots  were  sold.  They  then  located  on  the  east  lot  on  which  the  Ellison 
&  ^fartin  building  now  stands,  on  the  south  side  of  Broadway.  In 
January.  1874,  they  moved  into  a  building  west  of  the  First  National 
Bank  on  Broadway.  In  the  spring  of  1875  '^'^^  partnership  was  dissolved, 
Mr.  Pierson  taking  over  the  business.  Mr.  Hays  the  postofifice  and  Mr. 
Densmore.  who  had  become  interested  in  the  business,  totjk  the  ex])ress 
business.  Mr.  Pierson  then  located  in  a  store  which  occupied  the  j^resent 
site  of  the  State  Bank,  where  he  was  engaged  in  the  retail  business  until 
1893,  when  he  built  the  Pierson  block  and  engaged  exclusively  in  the 
wholesale  grocery  business,  which  he  has  continued  until  the  i)resent 
time.  Mr.  Pierson  is  the  only  wholesale  grocer  in  Labette  county. 
He  is  one  of  the  extensive  dealers  in  soutlu'in  Kansas  and  has 
built  tij)  a  large  and  well  established  trade  throughout  the  towns  in  the 
vicinity  of  Parsons.  He  has  three  traveling  salesmen  on  the  road  and 
em|)loys  from  fifteen  to  seventeen  peojjle  in  his  office  and  warehouse. 
In  addition  to  his  active  mercantile  career  Mr.  Pier.son  is  interested  in 
various  local  enterprises.  He  was  one  of  the  organizers  of  the  Com- 
mercial Bank  of  Parsons  in  1874,  and  became  a  stockholder  at  the 
organization.  In  1878  he  was  elected  one  of  the  directors  of  that  bank 
and  secretary  of  the  board  of  directors,  and  has  held  that  position  to 
the  present  time.  He  is  the  only  living  original  stockholder  of  that 
bank.  lie  is  also  interested  in  the  Inter-State  Mortgage  and  Trust 
Cf)mpany  and  has  been  a  director  of  that  institution  for  several  years,  be- 
ing  elected    to   that   office   at   the   organization    of   the   company.      Mr. 


2o8  BIOGRAPHICAL 

Pierson  was  united  in  marriage  October  6,  1878,  to  Miss  Augusta  S., 
daughter  of  Fredrick  and  Emily  (Linecah)  Braunsdorf.  natives  of 
Germany.  Mrs.  Pierson  was  born  in  St.  Clair  county.  Illinois.  January 
2^.  1856,  where  her  parents  settled  in  an  early  day.  They  removed  to 
Kansas  and  settled  in  Parsons  in  the  fall  of  1871.  and  shortly  afterwards 
located  on  a  farm,  where  they  resided  until  1905.  when  they  sold  their 
farm  and  removed  to  Parsons.  The  father  died  April  15.  1914,  and  the 
mother  passed  away  December  31.  1910.  aged  seventy-six  years.  To  ]Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Pierson  was  born  one  child.  Lloyd  Jay.  born  August  11,  1879. 
and  died  ]\Iay  10,  1906.  He  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Parsons 
and  at  the  time  of  his  death  was  engaged  in  the  wholesale  grocery 
business,  assisting  his  father.  Mr.  Pierson  is  a  member  of  the  time- 
honored  Masonic  lodge  and  also  holds  membership  in  the  Knights  of 
the  Maccabees.  Politically  he  is  a  Republican,  and  for  a  number  of 
years  was  active  and  influential  in  the  local  councils  of  his  party.  Mr. 
Pierson  not  only  bears  the  distinction  of  being  a  pioneer  merchant  of 
Parsons,  but  is  also  one  of  the  merchants  who  have  made  good.  He  does 
thousands  of  dollars'  worth  of  business  every  month,  which  contributes 
in  no  small  way  to  the  commercial  importance  of  Parsons.  He  takes 
a  commendable  interest  in  public  afTairs  and  is  always  ready  and  willing 
to  co-operate  with  any  movement  for  the  betterment  or  upbuilding  of 
his  town  or  county.  Mr.  Pierson  is  a  man  of  few  hobbies.  However,  it 
might  be  added  that  his  chief  recreation  during  the  summer  season  is 
caring  for  his  lawn,  and  its  beautiful  appearance  during'  the  summer 
bears  mute  testimony  to  the  constant  care  that  Mr.  Pierson  gives  it.  In 
1876  Mr.  Pierson,  in  company  with  his  old-time  friend.  W.  K.  Hays, 
visited  the  Centennial  held  at  Philadelphia,  Pa.,  and  at  that  time  made 
quite  an  extended  trip  through  other  eastern  cities. 

William  H.  Ryan,  lianker,  lawyer  and  farmer  of  Girard.  Kans..  has 
been  a  conspicuous  figure  in  the  affairs  of  this  State  for  over  a  quarter 
of  a  century.  Mr.  Ryan  is  a  native  of  Nebraska,  born  in  Omaha.  August 
15.  1857.  and  is  a  son  of  William  and  Bridget  (Daughney)  Ryan,  the 
former  a  native  of  England  and  the  latter  of  Canada,  both  of  Irish 
descent.  \\'illiam  Ryan,  the  father,  was  brought  from  England  to 
Canada  by  his  parents  when  four  years  of  age.  and  grew  to  manhood 
there.  In  1854  he  came  to  the  States,  locating  at  Omaha,  Xeb.,  and 
was  one  of  the  first  settlers  of  that  town  and  worked  on  the  construction 
of  the  first  house  that  was  built  in  that  now  thriving  metropolis  of 
Nebraska.  In  1869  he  came  to  Kansas  and  bought  a  claim  in  the 
western  part  of  Crawford  county  and  another  one  across  the  line  in 
Xeosho  county.  In  1870  he  brought  his  familv  to  their  new  home  on 
the  jilains  of  eastern  Kansas.  He  was  successfully  engaged  in  farming 
and  was  one  of  the  substantial  citizens,  who  contributed  to  the  upbuild- 
ing and  development  of  the  new  country.  He  died  near  Osage  Mission 
in    1905.  his  wife  having  ])assed   awav  two  years  previously.     William 


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nincRAPiiiiAi.  209 

II.  Ryan,  whose  name  imrnduccs  this  sketch,  was  twelve  years  of  age 
when  he  came  to  Kansas  with  his  parents.  He  liad  attended  the  i)ublic 
schools  of  Nebraska  and  after  coming  to  Kansas  attended  the  ])ublic 
schools  and  a  private  school  at  Osage  Mission.  In  1880  lie  bought  his 
first  land  of  the  railroad  company,  and  since  that  time  has  added  to  his 
tiriginal  holdings  until  he  has  become  one  of  the  largest  land  owners  of 
Crawford  county,  now  owning  over  2,000  acres  of  well  improved  val- 
uable land,  all  of  which  is  operated  under  his  personal  supervision. 
Three  of  his  farms  are  occupied  by  his  sons,  and  the  balance  of  his  farm 
property  is  operated  by  tenants.  All  of  his  farm  property  is  located  in 
the  vicinity  of  Brazilton.  In  1882  when  the  Nebraska,  Topeka,  lola  & 
Memphis  Railway,  now  a  part  of  the  Santa  Fe  system,  was  being  built 
thri)iigh  Crawford  count}-  Mr.  Ryan  established  a  grain  and  elevator 
business  at  Brazilton,  which  was  one  of  the  new  towns  along  that  line. 
He  also  opened  a  general  store  there  and  was  appointed  postmaster, 
and  was  also  agent  for  the  Santa  Fe  Railroad  Company  and  for  a  num- 
ber of  years  bought  and  shipped  cattle  e.xtensively.  lie  still  has  exten- 
sive interests  in  Brazilton  and  is  president  of  the  First  State  Bank  of 
I'razilton,  which  he  organized  Jime  i.  1910,  and  has  been  president  of 
that  institution  since  its  organization.  This  is  one  of  the  thri\  ing  and 
substantial  banks  of  Crawford  count}'.  It  was  capitalized  at  .$10,000, 
and  has  a  surplus  of  $2,400.  The  bank  owns  its  own  building  and  is 
eqni|)ped  with  modern  bank  fi.xtures  and  furniture.  C.  H.  Ryan  is 
cashier.  Mr.  Ryan  had  been  interested  in  the  banking  business  before 
organizing  the  First  State  Bank  of  Brazilton.  lie  organized  the  Craw- 
ford County  State  Bank,  in  1907.  becoming  its  first  ])resitlent  and  held 
that  position  until  1910,  when  he  disposed  of  his  interest  and  about 
that  time  organized  the  First  State  Bank  of  Brazilton,  as  above  stated. 
Mr.  Ryan  read  law  at  Girard  and  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  the  district 
court  before  Judge  Simonds.  in  1S118.  lie  was  admitted  to  the  State 
su])reme  court  in  1903  and  the  United  States  District  Court  in  1912. 
He  has  been  engaged  in  the  practice  of  his  profession  at  Girard  for 
the  ])ast  seventeen  years,  and  is  recognized  as  one  of  the  able  lawyers 
of  southeastern  Kansas,  He  is  a  close  student  of  the  law  and  a 
possessor  of  a  well  balanced  legal  mind.  During  his  legal  career  at  the 
Crawford  count}-  bar  he  has  been  identified  with  some  of  the  most 
important  litigation  adjudicated  by  the  courts  of  that  district,  and  he 
has  frequently  appeared  in  the  State  Supreme  Coinn  as  well  as  the 
Federal  court.  Mr.  Ryan  has  been  active  in  ])romoting  the  industrial 
welfare  of  Girard  and  Crawford  county,  and  was  one  of  the  organizers 
and  a  member  of  the  first  board  of  directors  of  the  Girard  Coal  P>elt 
Railroad,  which  was  organized  in  1907  and  o])erated  between  Girard  and 
the  coal  fields.  He  was  elected  president  of  the  com])any  in  1909  and 
held  that  position  until  the  road  was  sold  to  the  lleims  interests  and 
consolidated  with  the  Pittsburg  and  Joplin  line.       The  roafl  was  a  finan- 


2IO  BIOGRAPHICAL 

cial  success,  as  well  as  a  good  thing  for  Crawford  county.  In  addition 
to  his  various  private  enterprises.  Mr.  Ryan  has  been  prominently  identi- 
fied in  the  public  affairs  of  Kansas  for  over  twenty  years.  He  is  one 
of  the  prominent  Democrats  of  the  State,  and  has  taken  a  prominent 
part  in  State  politics,  of  which  he  has  been  a  leading  factor  for  a  numl)er 
of  years.  He  was  elected  to  the  State  legislature  in  1892,  serving  one 
term.  This  was  during  the  stirring  days  of  the  Douglas-Dunmore  ses- 
sion and  Mr.  Ryan  was  an  active  member  of  the  fusion  element,  and 
was  elected  temporary  speaker  of  the  house  by  that  party.  During  this 
session  he  served  on  the  committees  of  mines  and  mining  and  the 
judiciary  committee.  He  introduced  a  bill  regulating  weights  of  rail- 
road sliipments,  which  became  a  law  and  which  was  one  of  the  early 
railroad  regulatory  measures.  During  that  session  Mr.  Ryan  was  a 
strong  supporter  of  John  Martin  for  United  States  senator,  and  cham- 
pioned the  cause  of  Mr.  ^lartin  in  caucus  and  on  the  floor  of  the  house. 
In  1896  Mr.  Ryan  was  elected  to  the  State  senate  from  Crawford  county 
and  during  his  term  served  in  two  regular  sessions  and  one  special  ses- 
sion of  the  legislature,  and  was  prominent  in  the  legislation  of  all  three 
sessions.  He  was  a  member  of  the  educational  and  judiciary  committees 
and  was  chairman  on  the  committee  on  mines  and  mining  In  1898  he 
introduced  the  bill  which  gave  mining  organizations  the  right  to  par- 
ticipate in  the  election  of  mine  inspectors,  and  labor  organizations  the 
right  to  elect  labor  commissioners.  These  laws  remained  on  the  statute 
books  until  they  were  repealed  by  recommendation  of  Governor  Hodges 
during  his  administration,  and,  no  doubt,  the  repeal  of  these  laws  con- 
tributed to  the  defeat  of  Governor  Hodges  for  re-election.  In  1897 
Senator  Ryan  championed  a  bill  to  give  uniformity  to  the  text  books  of 
the  State  and  he  was  one  of  the  strong  supporters  of  Senator  Harris, 
in  that  session.  In  1909  he  introduced  Senate  Bill  No.  120,  which  was 
an  act  concerning  private  corporations,  placing  a  limitation  upon  their 
power  to  mortgage  and  declared  void  all  bonds  or  notes  issued  in  excess 
of  such  limitation.  This  bill  carried  in  the  senate  by  a  large  majority, 
but  was  defeated  in  the  house.  It  was  one  of  the  early  movements  to 
emancipate  the  people  from  being  burdened  by  watered  stock  and  ficti- 
tious valuations.  Mr.  R\an  was  actuated  in  presenting  this  measure  by  a 
court  decision  in  Nebraska,  forbidding  the  lowering  of  railroad  fares 
because  of  inflated  loans  and  watered  stock.  He  was  one  of  the  pioneer 
legislators  of  Kansas  in  the  matter  of  laws  regulating  corporations.  In 
1900  Mr.  Ryan's  name  was  presented  to  the  Populist  convention  for  the 
office  of  governor,  at  the  Fort  Scott  State  convention.  He  had  the  en- 
dorsement of  the  labor  element  and  made  a  strong  showing  in  the  con- 
vention, but  failed  to  receive  the  nomination.  In  1906  he  was  elected 
chairman  of  the  State  Democratic  committee,  and  conducted  the  cam- 
paign of  that  year,  and  was  chairman  of  the  State  committee  for  tw(T 
years.     In    1904  he   was  the   Democratic   nominee   for  Congress  in   the 


BIOGRAPHICAI.,  211 

Third  district.  This  was  the  year  of  the  Roosevelt  landslide,  and  Mr. 
Ryan  met  the  common  Democratic  fate  of  that  year.  He  has  served  as 
mayor  of  Girard  two  terms.  He  has  always  been  found  fif^j^^hting  in  the 
ranks  of  the  regular  Democratic  organization  with  the  exception  of  the 
campaign  of  1914,  when  Governor  Hodges  was  a  candidate  for  re-elec- 
tion. Owing  to  the  dissatisfaction  on  the  part  of  labor  in  southeastern 
Kansas  on  account  of  the  repeal  of  certain  labor  laws,  ^Nfr.  Ryan  favored 
Mr.  Billard  for  governor,  and  was  an  ardent  supporter  of  the  I'illard 
movement.  He  has  attended  every  Democratic  State  convention  held 
in  Kansas  since  1886  and  in  1904  was  an  alternate  at  the  St.  Louis  Na- 
tional Democratic  convention,  and  also  attended  the  National  Democratic 
convention  held  in  1908.  lie  has  been  chairman  of  the  Democratic  Cen- 
tral Committee  of  Crawford  county,  and  has  presided  over  numerous 
congressional  and  county  conventions.  Mr.  Ryan  was  united  in  mar- 
riage in  July.  1878.  to  Miss  Ella  Songer,  a  daughter  of  John  Harrison 
and  Jane  F.  (Patterson)  Songer,  natives  of  Iowa,  and  early  settlers  in 
Crawford  county,  Kansas,  where  Mrs.  Ryan  was  born,  October  16,  1857. 
Her  father  died  in  1880  and  her  mother  now  resides  at  Walnut,  Kans. 
To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Ryan  have  been  born  eleven  children,  nine  of  whom 
are  living,  as  follows:  Charles  H.,  bank  cashier,  Brazilton,  Kans.;  Wil- 
liam H.,  Jr.,  farmer,  near  Brazilton;  C.  M.,  conductor  on  the  Joplin  & 
Pittsburg  railroad ;  George,  resides  at  Seattle,  Wash.;  where  he  was  can- 
didate for  secretary  of  State  on  the  Democratic  ticket  in  1912;  Frank, 
farmer,  Brazilton  ;  Belle,  died  at  the  age  of  si.xteen  ;  Lillian,  married  Ches- 
ter Noland,  Oklahoma  City ;  Leonard  P.,  Girard ;  Earnest,  student  in 
the  Girard  High  School ;  Howard,  student  at  St.  Mary's  College,  St. 
Marys,  Kans.,  and  Raymond,  died  in  infancy.  Mr.  Ryan  is  a  member  of 
the  Knights  of  Columbus,  and  has  been  State  advocate  of  that  order. 
He  also  holds  a  membership  in  the  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of 
Elks. 

James  L.  Rogers. —  In  the  death  of  James  L.  Rogers,  which  occurred 
suddenlv  June  24.  1911.  not  only  his  immediate  family  and  friends  met 
with  a  great  loss,  Init  the  business  world  of  southeastern  Kansas  lost  one 
of  its  most  valued  members  and  best  citizens.  He  was  an  active  and 
enterprising  man.  whu  iiad  becimie  a  (li)niinant  factor  in  financial  anil 
commercial  Pittsburg.  His  untimely  death  was  due  to  an  accident  which 
occurred  in  which  he  was  struck  by  a  falling  boulder  while  insj^ecting  a 
mine  in  wiiich  lie  was  interested  at  Zinc,  .\rk.  James  L.  Rogers  was  a 
native  of  If)wa,  born  at  Sioux  City,  July  30,  1862.  He  was  a  son  of 
James  and  Victoria  Rogers.  The  parents  were  pioneers  of  northwestern 
Iowa  and  the  father  was  killed  l)y  Indians,  while  a  member  of  an  c\]>edi- 
tion  engaged  in  su])pressing  one  of  the  many  Indian  uprisings  of  the  early 
days  on  the  plains.  James  L.,  of  this  review,  was  only  a  few  months 
old  when  his  father  was  killed,  and  his  mother  married  again  and  aliout 
1866  the  family  came  to  Kansas,  settling  in  \\'ashington  county,  where 


212  BIOGRAPHICAL 

tlie  step-father  engaged  in  farming  and  stock  raising.  James  L.  spent 
his  boyhood  days  on  the  farm  in  ^^'ashington  county  and  attended  the 
district  scliools  and  later  was  a  student  at  the  Kansas  State  Agricultural 
College,  ^lanhattan,  for  two  j-ears.  He  then  learned  telegraphy  and 
became  an  expert  in  that  work.  Employment  in  that  vocation  took 
him  to  various  sections  of  the  country.  For  four  years  he  was  located 
at  El  Paso,  Tex.,  and  for  three  years  he  was  stationed  at  Chihauhau, 
Mexico.  In  1890  he  made  his  first  \enture  in  the  banking  business,  or- 
ganizing the  First  National  Bank  of  Westmoreland.  Kans.,  and  was  con- 
nected with  that  institution  about  a  year.  He  then  went  to  Olsburg, 
Kans.,  where  he  organized  the  Farmers'  State  Bank,  becoming  its 
cashier.  He  remained  in  that  capacity  about  six  years  when  he  dis- 
posed of  his  interest  in  that  bank,  returned  to  A\'estmoreland  and  or- 
ganized the  Farmers  'State  Bank  of  \\'estmoreland,  serving  as  cashier 
of  that  institution  until  1900.  He  then  went  to  Harrison,  Ark.,  where 
he  was  extensively  interested  in  mineral  lands,  and  while  looking  after 
his  interests  there  organized  the  National  Bank  of  Commerce  of  Harri- 
son, Ark.,  becoming  cashier  of  that  bank  and  directed  the  policy  of  that 
institution  one  year,  when  he  came  to  Pittsburg,  Kans.,  and  purchased 
an  interest  in  the  First  National  Bank  of  Pittsburg,  becoming  its  cashier 
and  served  in  that  capacity  until  his  death.  He  was  regarded  as  a  ca- 
pable and  conservative  financier  and  one  of  the  best  posted  men  in  the 
intricate  problems  of  finance  and  banking  in  the  Southwest.  He  was 
interested  in  a  number  of  industrial  enterprises  in  addition  to  banking. 
He  was  a  director  in  the  Pittsburg  Building,  Saving  &  Loan  Association 
and  secretary  and  treasurer  of  the  Manhattan  Zinc  Company  of  Pitts- 
burg. He  was  also  deeply  interested  in  the  progress  of  the  Young  Men's 
Christian  Association  and  was  treasurer  of  that  organization.  He  was 
one  of  the  trustees  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church  and  his  fraternal 
affiliations  were  with  the  Masonic  lodge.  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fel- 
lows and  the  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks.  Mr.  Rogers  was 
twice  married,  his  first  wife  being  Miss  Elizabeth  Jane  Richards.  She 
was  a  native  of  Pottawatomie  county,  Kansas,  and  was  reared  in  that 
county  and  educated  in  the  public  schools  and  Kansas  State  Agricultural 
College,  Manhattan.  She  died  November  22,  1897.  leaving  two  children. 
Harry  L..  who  is  now  connected  with  the  First  National  Bank,  of  Pitts- 
burg, and  Adalene,  residing  at  home.  On  February  12,  1899.  Mr.  Rogers 
was  united  in  marriage  to  Mrs.  Nannie  Cave  O'Daniel,  daughter  of  D. 
W.  and  Sarah  \'.  (Jones)  Cave,  the  former  a  native  of  Indiana,  and  the 
latter  of  Missouri.  The  father  is  an  attorney  and  is  now  located  at 
Zinc,  Ark.  He  was  a  pioneer  lawyer  of  western  Kansas,  practising 
law  for  a  time  in  Cheyenne  county,  and  at  one  time  served  as  probate 
judge  of  that  county.  He  was  one  of  the  founders  of  Bird  City,  and  took 
a  prominent  part  in  tlie  county  seat  rivalry  that  took  place  in  that  sec- 
tion when  the  railroad  was  built.     Mrs.  Rogers  was  born  in  Nebraska 


BIOGRAPHICAL  2I3 

and  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Kansas  and  the  Lincoln  Xoimal 
College  and  Lincoln  Business  College.  To  ^Ir.  and  Mrs.  Rogers  were 
born  three  children:  James  L.,  Jr.,  Martha  and  Fred  K.,  all  attending 
the  model  school.  Slate  Manual  'I'raining  College. 

Thomas  J.  Curran,  a  Kansas  pioneer  and  prominent  citizen  of 
Comanche  county,  now  living  retired  at  Coldwater,  Kans.,  has  been 
actively  identified  with  the  interests  of  southern  Kansas  for  over  thirty 
j-ears.  He  was  born  at  .Smiimersville.  A\'.  Va.,  November  7,  1848,  and  is 
a  son  of  Michael  and  Mary  (Reynolds)  Curran.  The  father  was  a  na- 
tive of  Ireland,  born  in  1821,  and  came  to  America  at  the  age  of  fourteen. 
He  first  located  at  Charleston,  W.  Va.,  where  he  was  employed  in  a 
salt  works  for  a  few  years.  He  later  engaged  in  farming  near  Summers- 
viJle  and  was  very  successful.  He  died  there,  July  5,  1888.  His  wife, 
Mary  Reynolds,  was  born  in  Monroe  county,  Virginia,  in  1830,  of  Vir- 
ginia parents.  She  died  January  22,  1906.  They  were  the  parents  of  ten 
children.  Thomas  J.,  of  this  rex'iew.  being  the  oldest.  The  others  are 
as  follows:  Jnhn  (deceased);  Robert  (deceased);  James  Monroe  (de- 
ceased); Sarah,  now  the  widow  of  Robert  Cohlin ;  Margaret,  wife  of 
Jerry  Murphy;  Ellen,  wife  of  O.  J.  Guseman  ;  Bettie,  wife  of  Logan 
Dodson ;  Caroline,  wife  of  Edgar  Holstead,  and  Fannie,  wife  of  George 
Sauerenson.  Thomas  J.  Curran  received  his  education  in  the  public 
schools  of  Summersville.  W.  \'a.,  and  remained  on  his  father's  farm 
until  he  was  twenty-two  years  of  age.  He  then  served  as  United  .States 
deputy  marshal  for  four  years,  when  lie  returned  to  the  farm  and  fol- 
lowed that  vocation  there  until  18S3,  when  he  came  to  Ivansas,  settling 
in  Comanche  county.  He  located  on  Government  land,  southeast  of 
Coldwater,  where  he  prospered  and  bought  additional  land  until  he 
owned  about  6,000  acres,  and  was  one  of  the  successful  cattle  men  of 
Comanche  county.  In  1910  he  sold  his  ranch  and  retired  from  the  ac- 
tive pursuits  of  business.  He  then  removed  to  Coldwater  and  invested 
extensively  in  bank  stock  and  kindred  institutions,  that  did  not  require 
his  constant  and  close  attention.  Politically,  Mr.  Curran  is  a  Repulili- 
can,  and  for  years  has  taken  an  active  part  in  political  and  civic  affairs. 
He  served  as  representative  to  the  legislature  from  Comanche  county 
during  the  session  of  1905  and  1907  and  was  a  ])rominent  factor  in  the 
legislation  of  that  session.  He  was  a  member  of  several  important 
committees  and  is  the  author  of  a  number  of  important  laws,  which 
are  now  on  the  statute  books  of  Kansas.  Mr.  Curran  was  married  May 
f).  1876,  to  Miss  Ada,  daughter  of  James  G.  and  Alargarct  M.  (Levisay) 
Macomb,  the  former  a  native  of  New  York,  and  the  latter  of  Virginia. 
Mrs.  Curran  was  born  in  Xicliolas  county,  Virginia,  May  6,  1851,  and 
died  at  \\'ichita,  Kans.,  January  27.  1915.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Curran 
were  born  four  children:  George,  born  February  2.  1877,  was  accidentally 
drr)wned  May  21,  1898,  in  Comanche  county;  Maude,  born  January  22, 
1879,   married    1".    L.    llolcoml).   October  20,    1904,   and    they   have   two 


214  •  lilOGRAPHICAL 

children,  Thomas  Curran,  born  May  19,  1909,  and  Donald  Gilbert,  born 
June  25.  1912;  Anna,  born  May  20,  1882,  married  Walter  Lonker,  Octo- 
ber 28,  1908,  and  they  have  two  children,  Mary  Louise,  born  September 
19,  1910,  and  ^Valter  Curran,  born  September  20,  1912;  Idress,  born 
in  Comanche  county.  May  20,  1889,  married  Sylvester  Gilchrist,  October 
12,  191 1,  and  they  have  two  children,  Virginia,  born  May  20,  1913,  and 
Patrecia,  born  October  25,  1914.  Mr.  Curran  is  a  member  of  the  In- 
dependent Order  of  Odd  Fellows  and  the  family  are  well  known  and 
prominent  in  southern  Kansas. 

Henry  R.  Morrison,  a  Clark  county  pioneer,  and  successful  farmer 
and  stockman,  was  born  at  Hickory  Grove,  111.,  December  10,  1852,  and 
is  a  son  of  Benjamin  and  Rosetta  (Redford)  Morrison,  the  former  a 
native  of  Maryland,  and  the  latter  of  Indiana.  A  history  of  the  Morri- 
son family  appears  in  the  sketch  of  James  Morrison  which  precedes 
this  article.  Henry  R.  Morrison  came  to  Clark  county  with  his  parents 
in  1884.  He  located  on  Government  land  in  Bluff  creek  valley,  where  he 
has  made  an  unusual  success  of  farming  and  stock  raising  and  now  owns 
2,300  acres  of  some  of  the  most  productive  land  in  the  county,  about 
600  acres  of  which  are  under  cultivation,  the  rest  of  which  is  devoted  to 
pasture.  Mr.  Morrison  was  united  in  marriage  June  19,  1872,  to  Miss 
Mary  Belle,  daughter  of  Benjamin  and  Fannie  (Tucker)  Metcalf.  Mrs. 
Morrison  was  born  in  Kentucky,  in  1857.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Morrison 
were  born  the  following  children :  Effie,  Pearl  Edward,  Benjamin, 
Emma,  Jennie,  Gertrude,  Rosetta,  Erma,  Clare,  Ida,  Alice  and  Mable. 
Mr.  Morrison  takes  a  keen  interest  in  public  affairs  and  is  always  ready 
and  willing  to  give  his  support  to  any  measure  that  tends  to  the  up- 
building or  betterment  of  his  county  and  State,  and  is  one  of  the  sub- 
stantial men  of  his  community. 

James  Morrison,  a  prominent  farmer  and  stockman  of  Lexington, 
Kans.,  is  a  native  of  Indiana.  He  w-as  born,  on  a  farm  in  Parke  county, 
Indiana,  December  13,  1857,  and  is  a  son  of  Benjamin  and  Rosetta  (Red- 
ford)  Morrison,  tlie  former  a  native  of  ^laryland  and  the  latter  of  In- 
diana. Benjamin  ^Morrison  came  to  Indiana  with  his  parents  when  he 
was  fourteen  years  old.  He  followed  farming  all  his  life  in  that  State, 
where  he  died  February  22,  1877.  His  wife,  Rosetta  Redford,  was  born 
in  1838,  and  was  a  daughter  of  Henry  Redford,  an  Indiana  pioneer.  He 
built  the  first  frame  house  in  Terre  Haute,  Ind.,  in  w^hich  he  conducted 
a  hotel  for  a  number  of  years.  Benjamin  and  Rosetta  (Redford)  Mor- 
rison were  the  parents  of  nine  children,  as  follows:  Henry  R.,  born 
Deceml^er  10,  1852,  a  sketch  of  whom  follows  this  article:  Annie,  born 
December  26.  1854;  James,  the  subject  of  this  sketch;  .Mice,  born  May 
23.  1859;  Martin  H.,  born  May  20,  1861 ;  Emily,  born  June  20,  1863; 
William  (deceased)  ;  Benjamin  (Deceased),  and  a  son  who  died  in 
infancy.  James  Morrison  spent  his  boyhood  days  on  his  father's  farm 
in  Parke  county,  Indiana,  and  received  a  good  common  school  education. 


BIOGRAPHICAL  21 5 

In  1886  he  came  west  and  located  on  Government  land  in  Clark  county, 
Kansas.  He  selected  an  ideal  place  in  Bluff  creek  valley  for  his  future 
home,  where  he  now  has  one  of  the  best  farms  in  Clark  county,  contain- 
ing over  2,000  acres,  all  well  improved  and  very  productive.  The  con- 
veniences and  equipment  on  his  place  today  are  in  marked  contrast  to 
the  conditions  that  confronted  him  on  his  arrival  in  Clark  count}-,  nearly 
thirty  years  ago.  He  lived  in  a  sod  house  during  his  first  two  years, 
and  met  with  many  discouraging  features.  Droughts  and  crop  failures 
were  the  common  lot  of  the  pioneer  Kansas  farmer,  but  he  always  had 
faith  in  the  futnre;  of  Kansas  and  was  not  disappointed  in  the  outcome. 
Mr.  Morrison  was  married  December  23,  1880,  to  Miss  Lucy  O.  Grain. 
a  daughter  of  Stephen  Grain,  a  native  of  Vermont,  who  removed  to  In- 
diana at  an  early  day.  IMrs.  Morrison  was  born  near  Georgetown,  111., 
January  11,  1855.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Morrison  have  been  born  six 
children:  Grace  C.,  born  October  i,  1881 ;  Oscar,  born  July  25,  1883; 
Mariam  B.,  born  November  7,  1885;  Ralph  C,  born  June  3,  1887;  Anna 
L.,  born  May  21,  1889.  and  Dolly,  born  March  31,  1892.  Politically,  Mr. 
Morrison  is  a  Republican,  and  has  held  numerous  local  offices  of  trust 
and  responsibility!  The  family  are  members  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal 
church. 

Guy  E.  Turner,  who  has  conducted  the  office  of  county  clerk  of 
Crawford  county  for  the  past  two  years,  is  an  exponent  of  the  theory 
that  "public  office  is  a  public  trust"  and  the  business  of  that  office  dur- 
ing his  administration  has  been  an  exemplification  of  that  theory.  He 
was  born  in  Benton  county,  :\rkansas,  November  29,  1877,  and  is  a  son 
of  Elias  and  Ida  Leonard  Turner,  the  former  a  native  of  Grundy  county, 
Missouri,  and  the  latter  of  Janesville,  \\'is.  The  father  died  when  Guy 
was  about  a  year  old  and  the  boy  went  to  live  with  his  griandparents, 
who  resided  in  Jasper  county,  Missouri.  His  grandfather  died  when 
he  was  about  twelve  years  of  age  and  his  grandmother  passed  away 
three  years  later  and  young  Turner  was  again  an  orphan  at  the  tender 
age  of  fifteen.  He  finished  his  education  in  the  district  schools  of 
Missouri,  by  his  own  efforts,  lie  canvassed  for  books  and  did  all  man- 
ner of  things,  in  order  to  obtain  an  education  and  qualify  as  a  teacher, 
and  after  teaching  two  years  he  went  to  Rich  Hill,  Mo.,  where  he  ob- 
tained employment  in  the  mines.  About  this  time  his  health  failed  and 
he  was  obliged  to  seek  a  change  of  climate.  He  went  to  Wyoming, 
where  he  remained  until  1903,  and  after  regaining  his  health  came  to 
Crawford  county,  Kansas,  where  he  followed  mining  until  191 2.  when 
he  became  the  nominee  for  county  clerk  on  the  Socialist  ticket  and  was 
elected  by  a  satisfactory  majority,  and  has  served  in  that  capacity  until 
the  present  time.  Mr.  Turner  is  a  capable  and  conscientious  man  and 
has  been  an  efficient  public  officer.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Ancient 
Free  and  Accepted  Masons,  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows  and, 
])olitically.  is  a  Socialist. 


2l6  BIOGRAPHICAL 

John  W.  Stark,  prominent  farmer  and  stockman  of  Comanche  county, 
was  born  at  Tiffin,  Ohio,  November  22.  1858.  He  is  a  son  of  Nicholas 
and  Mar}-  (Kettemjer)  Stark.  The  father  was  a  native  of  Germany, 
born  in  1822,  and  immigrated  to  America  with  his  parents  when  eleven 
years  old.  They  located  in  Ohio,  where  Nicholas  Stark  followed  farm- 
ing for  a  time,  when  he  removed  to  ^linnesota,  and  from  there  to 
Missouri,  where  he  died  in  1884.  His  wife,  Mary  Kettemyer,  was  a  na- 
tive of  Ohio,  where  she  was  born  in  1835,  of  German  parents.  She 
died  in  1905.  John  W.  Stark  was  one  of  a  family  of  six  children,  as 
follows:  John  W.,  Louise,  Josephine,  Frank,  Appolonia  and  Thomas 
(deceased).  Mr.  Stark,  whose  name  introduces  this  sketch,  received  his 
education  in  the  public  schools  of  Minnesota  and  Missouri.  In  1884 
he  came  to  Kansas,  locating  on  Government  land  in  Avilla  township, 
Comanche  county,  where  he  has  since  been  successfully  engaged  in 
farming  and  stock  raising.  He  has  added  to  his  original  holdings,  until 
he  now  owns  one  of  the  finest  farms  in  the  fertile  valley  of  Salt  Fork. 
He  is  one  of  the  extensive  stock  raisers  of  that  section.  Mr.  Stark  was 
united  in  marriage  February  8,  1882.  to  Miss  Callie  M.,  daughter  of 
Joseph  and  Anne  (Johnson)  Sewell.  Mrs.  Stark  was  born  in  Perry 
county,  Missouri.  September  g,  1861.  To  Mr.,  and  Mrs.  Stark  have 
been  born  three  children  :  Carrie  ^I.,  born  April  6,  1886.  died  March 
15,  1909;  Joseph  Bernard,  born  December  19,  1889,  graduated  from  the 
Coldwater  High  School  in  the  class  of  1906,  and  from  the  Salt  City 
Business  College,  Hutchinson,  in  the  class  of  1910,  and  Bessie,  born 
April  9,  1895.  educated  in  the  Coldwater  High  School  and  Mt.  Carmel 
Academy.  A\'ichita.  Kans.  Mr.  Stark  is  a  Thirty-second  degree  Scottish 
Rite  Mason,  and  belongs  to  the  Wichita  Consistory.  Politicall}-.  he 
is  a  Republican,  but  has  never  sought  politicaT  honors.  However,  he 
has  held  various  township  offices  from  time  to  time.  He  is  well  and 
favorably  known  throughout  Comanche  county,  and  is  always  ready 
and  willing  to  identify  himself  with  any  movement  for  the  betterment 
and  upbuilding  of  his  county. 

John  I.  Lee,  deceased,  was  a  pioneer  of  southwestern  Kansas  and  an 
earlv  dav  newspaper  man  of  Clark  county.  His  influence  in  behalf  of 
the  development  and  upbuilding  of  that  section  of  the  State  will  long 
be  remembered  by  the  real  pioneers  of  southwestern  Kansas,  who  are 
familiar  with  the  history  of  that  formative  period  of  the  early  days. 
John  L  Lee  was  a  native  of  Missouri,  born  in  Webster  county.  February 
2,  1857.  The  Lee  family  came  to  Comanche  county.  Kansas,  in  1884. 
and  John  L,  his  father,  and  two  brothers  proved  up  on  a  section  of  land 
there.  In  1885  John  T.  Lee  came  to  Clark  county  and  located  at  Ash- 
land, where  he  purchased  the  Clark  county  "Clipper."  a  weekly  news- 
paper, which  he  published  for  a  number  of  years.  Mr.  Lee  was  a  Demo- 
crat and  advocated  the  policies^  and  principles  of  that  party  through  the 
columns  of  his  newspaper.     However,  politics  was  not  the  chief  mission 


UlllC.KAl'lIKAl.  217 

of  the  "Clipper."  but,  as  Mr.  Lee  announced  in  the  first  issue  after  he 
assumed  control  of  the  paper,  "that  a  more  important  mission  lies  before 
us  than  the  discussion  of  politics."  He  used  the  influence  of  his  paper 
to  promote  the  development  of  Ashland  and  Clark  county,  and  he  be- 
longed to  that  class  of  public-spirited  citizens  to  whom  Clark  county  and 
that  section  of  the  Stale  owes  its  material  development,  in  the  way  of 
railroads,  public  buildings  and  institutions  and  other  improvements. 
Mr.  Lee  took  an  active  part  in  public  affairs,  and  was  elected  clerk  of 
the  district  court  in  1888,  and  re-elected  to  succeed  himself  in  1890, 
serving  four  years.  The  fact  that  his  party  was  in  the  minority  shows 
the  esteem  and  confidence  in  which  he  was  held,  when  he  was  elected 
to  public  office  largely  on  his  ])ersonality.  .\ttorneys  and  others  still 
comment  on  his  efficiency  as  an  officer  and  his  jjleasant  and  agreeable 
methods  of  dealing  with  the  public.  He  was  ai>pointed  register  of  the 
United  States  land  office,  at  Dodge  City,  by  President  Cleveland  in 
1894,  and  served  four  years.  He  was  a  faithful  officer  and  many  of  the 
hoineseekers  of  those  early  days  remember  his  courtesy  and  obliging 
metiiods  of  conducting  the  Government  land  office.  In  1891  he  went  to 
r)klahoma  and  located  at  Cordell.  wliere  he  engaged  in  the  coal  and 
lumber  business  and  was  as  active  in  promoting  the  welfare  of  his 
home  and  community  as  he  had  been  in  Clark  county.  Through  his  ef- 
forts in  securing  necessary  legislation.  Cordell  was  established  as  the 
permanent  county  seat,  and  he  lived  to  see  it  develop  into  a  prosperous 
town  of  several  thousand  people.  John  L  Lee  and  Kllen  .A..  Carson 
were  married  at  Urbana.  111.,  in  1890.  She  was  born  in  Champaign 
county.  Illinois.  August  11,  1864,  and  was  a  daughter  of  William  G.  and 
Martha  Jane  (Hales)  Carson.  For  a  more  com])lcte  history  of  the  Car- 
son family  see  sketch  of  Caleb  \\'.  Carson,  a  brother  of  Mrs.  Lee.  else- 
where in  this  volume.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Lee  one  child  was  born.  .Mien, 
who  died  in  childhood.  John  I.  Lee  died  at  his  home  in  Cordell.  Okla.. 
December  25.  1914,  and  is  survived  by  his  widow.  He  was  a  man  who 
had  many  friends.  Simplicity  and  candor  were  the  -dominant  traits  of 
his  character  and  the  highest  order  of  honesty  marked  his  every  act  in 
private  and  public  life. 

Webster  N.  Wallingford,  a  Kansas  jjioneer  and  i)rominent  citizen  of 
Clark  county,  now  living  retired  at  Ashland,  is  a  native  of  Kentucky.  He 
was  born  at  Tolesboro,  Ky..  December  11,  1843,  •'"f'  '^  '^  ^on  of  Mark  and 
Martha  .\nn  (Willet)  Wallingford.  natives  of  Kentucky.  The  father 
was  born  in  1801  of  \'irginia  parentage  and  spent  his  life  in  the  mer- 
cantile business  in  his  native  State,  where  he  died  in  1858.  11  is  wife, 
Martha  Ann  Willet,  was  a  daughter  of  John  G.  and  Nancj'  Willet.  and 
was  horn  in  Maysxille.  Ky.,  in  1810.  being  the  first  white  child  born  in 
that  town.  She  died  in  1883.  IMark  and  Martha  .Ann  (Willet)  Walling- 
ford were  the  parents  of  twelve  children,  the  first  four  of  wiiom  died 
in  infancv.  and  the  r>thers  are  as  follows:      lulia   I!,   (deceased);  Xancv 


2l8  BIOGRAPHICAL 

S.  ^deceased)  ;  Ahin  AI.,  \\'ebsler  X..  Francis  A.,  Alary  A.,  Alartha  E. 
and  Sarah  E.  Webster  X.  \\'allingford  was  reared  in  Tolesboro,  Ky.. 
and  educated  in  the  pubHc  schools,  and  had  just  reached  the  age  of 
manhood  when  the  Civil  war  broke  out.  He  enlisted  in  Company  G,- 
Tenth  regiment,  Kentucky  cavalry,  and  served  an  enlistment.  He  then 
returned  to  his  home  at  Tolesboro,  and  engaged  in  the  mercantile 
business.  He  was  an  expert  penman  and  accountant,  and  for  a  time 
was  deputy  clerk  ior  recording  deeds  in  his  county.  In  1884  he  came 
to  Kansas,  locating  on  Government  land  in  Antelope  valley,  Englewood 
township,  Clark  count}',  and  engaged  in  farming  and  stock  raising.  He 
took  a  prominent  part  in  the  organization  of  the  county,  and  has  al- 
ways taken  an  active  interest  in  public  affairs.  He  is  a  Republican  and 
for  several  years  has  been  prominent  in  the  councils  of  his  party.  In 
18(58  he  was  elected  probate  judge  of  Clark  county,  and  re-elected  to 
that  office  at  the  expiration  of  his  first  term,  serving  four  years.  Mr. 
Wallingford  was  married  in  Lew^is  county,  Kentucky,  Xovember  17, 
1868,  to  Miss  Mary  K.,  daughter  of  Samuel  B.  and  Mary  Ann  (Jones) 
Pugh.  She  was  a  native  of  Greenup  county,  Kentucky,  born  March  9, 
1846,  and  died  at  Ashland,  Kans.,  December  26,  191 1.  She  was  a  con- 
scientious Christian  woman  and  a  high  type  of  American  womanhood. 
To  Webster  X.  and  Mary  K.  (Pugh)  Wallingford  were  born  ten  children, 
as  follows:  Mary  Xoline,  born  in  1869.  died  in  1872;  Charles  Augustine, 
a  personal  sketch  of  whom  follows  this  article;  Mattie  L.,  born  August 
23,  1873,  married  George  Baker,  Ashland,  Kans. ;  Elmer  Richardson, 
born  Xovember  10,  1875,  married  Myrtle  Hankins,  in  1900.  and  they 
have  six  children,  Ralph,  Eldon,  Marguerite,  Adelbert,  Opal  and  Maggie; 
Mark  A.,  born  September  23.  1878,  married  Lillie  Brown,  in  1904,  and 
they  have  two  children,  Herbert  and  Lucile ;  Ella  W.,  born  December 
13,  1881,  now  the  wife  of  E.  B.  Mendenhall,  farmer,  Clark  county, 
Kansas ;  Samuel  P.,  a  sketch  of  whom  appears  in  this  volume ;  Earl  G., 
born  July  28,  1888.  married  Maud  I'^uller,  June  12,  1912,  and  they  have 
one  child,  Mary  Xoline,  born  March  31,  1913,  and  Emma  G.,  born  De- 
cember I,  1891.  Mr.  Wallingford  is  one  of  the  old-timers  in  southern 
Kansas,  and  is  one  of  the  well  known  and  highly  respected  citizens  of 
Clark  countv.  He  is  a  member  of  Major  Elliott  Post,  Xo.  437,  Grand 
Army  of  the  Republic,  at  Ashland,  and  is  an  elder  in  the  Presbyterian 
church. 

James  Samuel  Hudson,  a  Kansas  pioneer,  now  a  prosperous  farmer 
and  stockman  of  Comanche  county,  is  a  native  of  Missouri.  He  was 
born  in  Audrain  county,  and  is  a  son  of  Joseph  H.  and  Nancy  E.  (Yates) 
Hudson,  the  former  a  native  of  Pike  county.  Missouri,  born  February 
17.  1856.  and  the  latter  a  native  of  Kentucky.  Joseph  H.  Hudson's  par- 
ents were  \'irginians.  He  began  life  as  a  farmer  and  stockman  in 
Missouri,  and  in  1885  removed  to  Comanche  county,  and  located  on 
Government  land  in  Avilla  township,  being  among  the  very  first  settlers 


BIOGRAPHICAL  219 

in  that  locality.  These  were  trying  times  for  the  hardy  settlers  of  the 
plains,  who  were  endeavoring  to  make  a  future  home  for  themselves  in 
the  development  of  the  new  country,  which  at  times  was  discouraging 
and  seemed  almost  hopeless.  For  the  first  ten  years  of  his  life,  in  the 
new  country,  Mr.  Hudson  and  liis  family  lived  in  a  sod  house  and  en- 
dured all  the  discomforts  incident  to  their  surroundings,  but  he 
possessed  the  courage  of  the  typical  American  pioneer  and  finally  for- 
tune smiled  on  him  and  he  began  to  succeed,  and  added  to  his  original 
holdings  until  he  owned  quite  a  large  acreage  and  raised  cattle  to  a 
profitable  extent.  He  took  an  active  part  in  the  early  affairs  of  the 
county  and  for  six  years  served  as  justice  of  the  peace.  In  1903,  when 
the  Cherokee  strip  was  opened  for  settlement,  he  went  there  and  se- 
cured several  lots  on  the  site  of  the  present  town  of  Alva,  Okla.,  which 
have  since  proven  very  valuable.  In  1889  he  moved  there  with  his 
family,  and  is  now  living  retired.  James  S.  Hudson  is  one  of  a  family 
of  five  children:  .Anna  Louise,  born  January  16,  1870,  married  George 
E.  Beeley,  a  retired  farmer  at  Enid,  Okla.,  and  the}'  have  four  children, 
Roy,  Ralph,  Helen  and  Josie;  James  Samuel,  the  subject  of  this  sketch; 
Ollie  Lee,  born  April  23.  1874,  merchant.  Gushing,  Okla.;  Elizabeth, 
born  April  i,  1876,  now  resides  at  Kalispcll,  Mont.,  and  Joseph  H.,  born 
February  17,  1881,  banker,  Gapron,  Okla.,  married  Miss  Florence  Gon- 
way,  of  Alva,  Okla.,  and  they  have  two  children,  Hazel  and  Elizabeth. 
James  S.  Hudson  received  his  education  in  the  public  schools  of  Missouri, 
and  attended  school  in  Gomanche  county  after  coming  here  with  his 
parents  in  1885.  His  boyhood  days  were  spent  on  the  plains  on  his 
father's  ranch,  and  he  remained  at  home  until  he  was  twenty-four  years 
old.  By  that  time  he  had  saved  enough  of  his  earnings  to  buy  a  farm 
of  his  own,  and  in  1893  went  to  Oklahoma  when  the  Cherokee  strip 
was  opened,  and  took  a  claim,  which  he  later  sold,  when  he  returned  to 
Gomanche  countj',  Kansas.  He  bought  more  land  from  time  to  time 
in  Gomanche  county,  and  invested  in  the  cattle  business  as  fast  as  his 
means  would  jjcrmit.  and  soon  owned  6,000  acres  of  land,  and  was  one 
of  the  large  cattle  men  of  that  section.  He  has  since  disposed  of  some 
of  his  land,  but  still  owns  about  4,400  acres,  where  he  carries  on  an  ex- 
tensive cattle  business  in  connection  with  general  farming.  He  has 
been  one  of  the  most  successful  men  of  the  county  and  his  broad  acres 
arc  among  the  most  jiroductive  in  the  State.  His  ranch  is  equipped 
with  all  modern  methods  for  convenience  and  the  profitable  conduct  of 
his  business.  Mr.  Hudson  was  married  at  Medicine  Lodge,  Kans., 
September  i.  1898,  to  Miss  Mary  Etta  Reeley,  daughter  of  Josejih  Reeley. 
of  Orangeville,  111.  Mrs.  Hudson  was  born  in  .'^jiringficld,  111.  Mr. 
Hudson  is  a  Democrat  and  takes  an  active  interest  in  the  political  life 
of  his  county  and  State.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Masonic  lodge  and  his 
wife  is  a  member  of  the  Eastern  Star.  They  are  members  of  the  Ghris- 
tian  church. 


220  ■  BIOGR.\PHICAL 

Aaron  Sampson  Drake. — Men  capable  of  accomplishing  great  things 
in  the  commercial  or  industrial  world  are  like  poets — born,  not  made. 
Aaron  Sampson  Drake,  distinctively,  belongs  to  this  type  of  men.  He 
was  engaged  in  extensive  business  enterprises  before  investing  in  Kan- 
sas. As  early  as  1881  he  had  the  foresight  to  see  the  golden  oppor- 
tunity in  the  future  of  Kansas  and  had  the  confidence  to  invest  in  land 
in  this  State.  He  bought  a  large  ranch  in  Liberty  township.  Clark 
county,  where  he  now  owns  over  16.000  acres  of  improved  land,  which 
he  conducts  as  a  stock  ranch  and  raises  horses  and  cattle  on  an  extensive 
scale.  This  is  one  of  the  largest  stock  ranches  in  the  State.  Mr.  Drake 
is  a  native  of  Massachusetts,  and  comes  from  sturdy  Xew  England 
stock,  of  English  descent.  They  trace  their  ancestry  back  to  the  same 
family  of  which  Sir  Francis  Drake  was  a  member.  Aaron  Sampson 
Drake  was  born  at  Stoughton.  Mass.,  February  15,  1829.  a  son  of 
Ebenezer  and  Wealthy  (Sampson)  Drake,  both  natives  of  Massachu- 
setts, the  father  being  born  at  Sharon,  Mass.  He  was  a  farmer  by  oc- 
cupation, and  died  in  1872,  at  the  age  of  eighty-five  years.  He  was 
twice  married  and  reared  eight  children.  Aaron  Sampson  Drake  re- 
ceived his  education  in  the  public  schools  of  Massachusetts,  and  re- 
mained in  that  State  until  He  reached  his  majority.  He  then  went  to 
\^'isconsin  and  was  engaged  in  buying  cattle,  and  supplied  many  of  the 
lumbermen  of  the  Northwest  with  meat  for  two  years.  After  that  he 
was  engaged  in  bu3'ing  hogs  for  the  Boston  market  for  a  number  of 
years,  and  in  1862  engaged  in  the  packing  business  at  Detroit.  Mich., 
and  established  the  first  packing  house  in  that  city.  He  conducted  that 
business  for  twenty-seven  years  and  prospered,  thus  making  his  first 
substantial  start  in  the  financial  world.  In  1885  he  came  to  Kansas, 
having  purchased  his  Clark  coimty  ranch  four  years  previously,  and 
since  that  time  has  devoted  himself  to  his  extensive  stock  business  there. 
Mr.  Drake  was  united  in  marriage,  March  6,  1855,  to  Miss  Emeline 
Jones.  She  died  in  1858,  leaving  one  child,  Lelia,  born  June  20.  1857, 
now  the  wife  of  ^^'illiam  E.  Moss,  a  prominent  banker  of  Detroit.  Mich. 
They  have  two  children.  Edith  and  Helen.  Although  Mr.  Drake  has 
passed  the  four  score  and  six  milestone,  in  the  journey  of  life,  he  is 
still  a  man  of  remarkable  mental  and  physical  vitality.  He  attributes 
his  longevity  and  good  health  to  right  living.  He  has  always  been  ex- 
tremely temperate  in  his  habits,  never  having  drank  tea  or  coffee,  nor 
used  tobacco  in  any  form,  nor  intoxicating  liquors  of  any  kind.  Mr. 
Drake  has  been  somewhat  handicapped  in  later  years  by  the  loss  of  one 
of  his  limbs,  as  the  result  of  an  accident  which  occurred  at  Detroit 
in  1882.  A  horse  which  he  was  driving  became  frightened  and  uncon- 
trollable, and  in  the  mix-up  one  of  Mr.  Drake's  legs  was  broken  above 
the  knee  and  the  knee  was  also  fractured.  The  surgeons  in  charge  of 
the  case  made  a  strenuous  effort  to  save  the  limb,  but  blood  poisoning 
and   erysipelas  set  in,  and  an   abscess  formed   in   the   injured   leg,  and 


BIOGRAPHICAL  221 

amputation  was  necessary.  After  a  desperate  struggle  between  life  and 
death  for  several  weeks  Mr.  Drake  finally  recovered.  For  over  two 
weeks  his  physicians  and  family  expected  his  death  every  hour,  anci  his 
recovery  under  the  conditions  was  a  wonder  to  the  medical  profession. 
One  of  the  attending  surgeons.  Dr.  M.  J.  Spranger.  said.  "The  lungs 
became  paralyzed,  and  what  was  a  peculiar  feature,  with  a  scalp  wound 
also  which  caused  concussion  of  the  brain,  yet  Mr.  Drake's  mind  was 
perfectly  clear,  his  brain  power  bore  him  up  and  the  temperate  life  ^hat 
he  had  lived  contributed  to  his  power  of  resistance."  This  extraordi- 
nary case  may  fairly  be  said  to  be  a  triumph  of  mind  over  matter,  and  is 
characteristic  of  ^Ir.  Drake's  whole  life  and  shows  his  indomitalile  will 
and  resolute  character,  wliich  ha\e  been  dominant  factors  of  his  success 
in  life 

Charles  Augustine  Wallingford,  senior  member  of  the  firm  of  W'alling- 
ford  Brothers,  wholesale  grain  dealers  and  exporters,  is  a  prominent 
factor  in  the  business  affairs  of  southern  Kansas.  Mr.  Wallingford  was 
born  in  Tolesboro,  Ky.,  October  15,  1871,  and  is  a  son  of  Webster  N. 
Wallingford.  a  sketch  of  whom  appears  in  this  volume.  Charles  .X. 
Wallingford  came  to  Clark  county,  Kansas,  with  his  parents  in  1884, 
when  he  was  thirteen  years  old.  He  received  his  education  in  the  public 
schools  of  Kentucky  and  Kansas,  and  for  a  number  of  years  was  suc- 
cessfully engaged  in  farming  and  stock  raising,  and  later  engaged  in 
the  grain  business.  The  Wallingford  Brothers  rank  among  the  largest 
grain  dealers  and  exporters  of  the  country.  They  export  thousands  of 
bushels  of  grain  directly  to  the  European  markets  and  have  offices  in 
Ashland.  .Sitka,  Akers  and  Wichita.  Kans..  and  in  Galveston  and  Xew 
York.  They  are  also  extensive  wlieat  growers,  having  several  large 
wheat  farms  in  Clark  county,  Kansas,  which  are  operated  directly  under 
their  supervision.  Charles  A.  Wallingford  was  united  in  marriage,  June 
II,  1899,  at  TIarvcl,  111.,  to  Miss  Mary  Wright,  who  was  born  December 
15,  1877,  and  died  b'ebruar}-  24.  1914.  at  Wichita,  Kans.,  and  is  buried 
at  .Ashland,  Kans.  There  were  no  children  born  to  this  luiion,  but  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Wallingford  adopted  two  children,  Harold,  born  June.  1902, 
and  Mildred,  born  December  7,  1903.  Mr.  Wallingford  takes  an  active 
part  in  local  public  affairs,  and  was  elected  mayor  of  .Ashland  in  1913, 
and  has  conducted  the  municipal  affairs  of  that  city  in  the  same  business- 
like manner  characteristic  of  the  masterful  way  in  which  he  handles 
his  pri\ate  affairs.  He  is  one  of  the  progressive  citizens  of  Ashland, 
and  takes  a  commendable  pride  in  his  home  town.  He  has  one  of  the 
finest  residences  tn  be  found  in  southern  Kansas,  lie  is  an  elder  in 
the  Presbyterian  church. 

Samuel  P.  Wallingford,  one  of  the  progressi\c  business  men  of 
\\'ichila,  is  the  junior  nuniijcr  of  the  firm  of  ^^■allingf^>rd  Brothers.  He 
is  a  native  of  Kentucky,  born  at  Maysville,  .August  10.  1884.  and  is  a 
son   of    Webster    X.    Wallingford.    a    sketch   of   whom    appears    in    this 


222  BIOGRAPHICAL 

volume.  He  was  an  infant  when  his  parents  removed  to  Kansas  and 
settled  in  Clark  county,  where  he  received  his  early  education  in  the 
public  schools,  graduating  from  the  Ashland  High  School  in  the  class 
of  1903,  and  later  attended  the  Southwestern  College,  at  Winfield,  Kans., 
where  he  was  graduated  in  the  class  of  1908,  with  the  degree  of  Bachelor 
of  Arts.  He  then  served  as  secretary  of  the  Young  Men's  Christian 
Association,  at  Winfield,  Kans.,  and  in  191 1  became  a  member  of  the 
firm,  Wallingford  Brothers,  and  engaged  in  the  grain  business.  Thej' 
have  had  phenomenal  success  in  that  line  of  endeavor,  and  now  rank 
among  the  largest  grain  dealers  in  the  State.  Mr.  \\'allingford  was  mar- 
ried September  23,  1908,  to  Miss  Gertrude,  daughter  of  F.  R.  and  Helen 
Messinger,  of  Stanton,  Mich.  Mrs.  Wallingford  was  born  at  Green- 
ville, IMich.,  July  4,  1884.  She  is  an  accomplished  musician,  having 
made  a  special  study  of  the  harp  and  and  piano.  She  finished  her  musical 
education  in  Chicago,  and  for  three  years  prior  to  her  marriage,  was  at 
the  head  of  the  music  department  of  the  Southwestern  College,  Win- 
field, Kans.  To  ^Mr.  and  Mrs.  \\'allingford  have  been  born  two  children: 
Fred  Messinger.  born  August  11,  1909,  and  ^lolly  Katrina,  born  July 
28,  1912.  The  Wallingford  residence  is  at  1915  Gilman  Avenue,  Wichita,' 
Kans.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Wallingford  are  well  known  and  popular  in 
\\'ichita  society  and  have  many  friends. 

John  E.  Todd,  a  prosperous  cattle  man  and  farmer,  and  one  of  the 
extensive  land  owners  of  Comanche  county,  is  a  pioneer  of  southern 
Kansas.  He  was  born  on  a  farm  in  Marion  county,  Indiana,  March  21, 
1857.  and  is  a  son  of  Isaac  ^I.  and  Rachel  (Brewer")  Todd,  both  natives 
of  the  Hoosier  State.  The  father  was  born  in  1826,  in  Marion  county, 
and  followed  farming  all  his  life  in  that  county.  He  died  December  24, 
1910.  His  wife,  Rachel  Brewer,  was  born  in  1830.  She  was  a  daugh 
ter  of  Samuel  Brewer,  a  Kentuckian,  and  a  pioneer  settler  of  Indiana. 
John  E.  Todd  is  one  of  a  family  of  the  following  children:  Lizzie  (de- 
ceased) ;  Ella  (deceased) ;  Clara,  now  the  widow  of  Col.  Hanson ;  John 
E.,  subject  of  this  sketch;  Emma,  wife  of  George  Porter;  Elmer  (de- 
ceased) ;  Harry  (deceased)  ;  Frank,  and  Samuel.  John  E.  Todd  spent 
his  boyhood  days  on  his  father's  farm  in  Marion  county,  Indiana,  and 
attended  the  public  schools.  In  1882  he  came  to  Kansas  and  bought  a 
farm  in  Bourbon  count}',  where  he  remained  two  years.  He  then  sold 
his  interest  there  and  removed  to  Comanche  county,  where  he  took  up 
Government  land,  ten  miles  south  of  Coldwater.  Ten  years  later  he 
sold  this  property  and  bought  a  large  tract  of  land,  ten  miles  southeast 
of  Coldwater,  and  engaged  in  the  cattle  business  very  extensively.  He 
has  4.000  acres  of  land  well  adapted  to  the  purpose  of  cattle  raising,  and 
he  has  been  very  successful  in  that  line  of  endeavor,  and  is  one  of  the 
large  cattle  men  of  that  section.  Mr.  Todd  is  a  Republican  and  since 
coming  to  Comanche  county  has  taken  an  active  interest  in  politics 
and   public   affairs.     He   was   the   first    county   assessor   of   Comanche 


BIOGRAPHICAL  223 

county,  and  has  held  various  township  offices  on  different  occasions, 
and  in  1912  was  elected  a  member  of  the  board  of  county  commission- 
ers, and  is  now  serving  in  that  office.  He  was  united  in  marriage  at 
Greenwood,  Ind.,  April  7,  1879,  to  Miss  Emma  H.,  daughter  of  John 
and  Mary  (Bradford)  Herron,  natives  of  Greenwood,  Ind.,  and  residents 
of  that  place.  Mrs.  Todd  was  also  born  in  Greenwood,  February  20, 
1857.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Todd  have  been  born  four  children :  Alma, 
born  May  20,  1888,  married  Xick  Peppard,  and  they  have  three  children, 
\'erna.  Elizabeth  and  John  Todd  ;  Omer  Herron,  born  May  20,  1882, 
married  Georgia  Driker,  October  20,  1913;  Frank  L.,  born  May  20, 
18S4.  married  Minnie  Roswell,  May  20.  1907,  and  they  have  four  children, 
Frances,  Thelma,  \^ernice  and  the  baby,  and  Ralph  Brewer,  born  May 
20,  18P6.  married  Pauline  Boswcll,  October  20,  1912,  and  the}'  have  one 
child,  Xorman.  Mr.  Todd  is  a  Thirty-second  degree  Scottish  Rite 
Mason,  and  the  family  are  prominent  in  Comanche  county. 

Solomon  A.  Smith,  a  leading  attorney  of  W'infield,  has  practiced  his 
])rofcssion  in  Kansas  for  over  a  quarter  of  a  century.  Mr.  Smith  is  a 
native  of  Illinois,  born  in  Marion  county.  May  i,  1853.  Marion  county. 
by  the  wa}'.  is  the  native  county  of  W.  J.  Bryan.  Solomon  A.  Smith's 
parents  were  John  R.  and  Marj'  F.  (Bronson)  Smith.  John  R.  Smith 
was  born  in  Marion  county,  Illinois,  August  4,  1830,  of  Virginia  parent- 
age. He  grew  to  manhood  on  his  father's  farm  and  followed  farming 
and  stock  raising  in  his  native  county  until  August  4,  1862,  when  he 
enlisted  in  Company  E,  One  Hundred  and  Eleventh  Illinois  infantry, 
and  served  three  years,  to  the  day,  receiving  his  discharge  .\ugust  4, 
1865.  He  participated  in  many  important  engagements  and  was  witl; 
Sherman  on  his  memorable  march,  until  the  battle  of  Rcsaca,  where  he 
was  severely  wounded,  and  after  recovering  sufficiently  he  was  trans- 
ferred to  the  Invalid  corps,  and  assigned  to  duty  at  Camp  Douglas, 
Chicago,  111.  This  was  in  December,  1864,  and  he  remained  on  duty 
there  until  his  discharge,  at  the  time  stated  above.  In  1869  he  came  to 
Kansas  with  his  family  and  after  spending  about  a  year  in  Miami  and 
\\'iIson  counties,  came  to  Cowley  county,  September  9,  1870,  and  located 
on  Government  land,  ten  miles  east  of  Winficld,  where  he  was  success- 
fully engaged  in  farming  and  stock  raising  until  T887,  when  he  sold  his 
farm  and  removed  to  Winfield.  He  died  at  Dexter,  Kans.,  March  14, 
1907.  His  wife  died  in  the  same  town,  July  20,  1908.  She  was  a  na 
tive  of  Tennessee,  born  at  Lebanon.  November  28,  1829,  of  Tennessee 
parents.  John  R.  and  Mary  F.  (Bronson)  Smith  were  united  in  mar- 
riage at  Salem,  111.,  Marcli  7,  1850,  and  to  them  were  born  eight  children, 
as  follows:  William  M.,  born  March  27,  1851,  and  died  at  Lawton, 
Okla.,  July  20,  1914;  Solomon  A.,  whose  name  introduces  this  sketch; 
Laura,  died  in  infancy;  Elizabeth.  l)orn  .April  25.  1857,  and  died  Septem- 
ber II,  1912;  .\ddie.  born  October  29.  1859,  now  the  wife  of  E.  I.  John- 
son, Winfield,  Kans.;  Julin  R..  Jr.,  born  March  20,  1861,  now  postmaster 


224  IIIOGRAPIIICAL 

at  Warner,  Okla. ;  Carrie  Frances,  born  March  20.  18(17,  now  the  wife  of 
Edward  \\'att,  Austin,  Tex.,  and  Charles  M.,  born  February  22,  1870. 
died  May  20,  1901.  Solomon  A.  Smith  came  to  Kansas  with  his  par- 
ents in  1869,  and  after  receiving;  a  good  public  school  education,  at- 
tended Flaker  Universit}',  Baldwin,  Kans.  He  then  followed  teaching 
about  ten  years  in  Cowley  county,  and  during  the  last  few  years  that  he 
was  engaged  in  teaching,  he  pursued  the  study  of  law  also,  and  in  1889 
was  admitted  to  the  bar  and  since  that  time  has  been  engaged  in  the 
practice  of  law  at  ^^'infield.  He  has  a  large  practice  and  is  one  of  the 
capable  lawyers  of  southern  Kansas.  Politically,  Mr.  Smith  is  a  Social- 
ist, and  a  strong  advocate  of  the  principles  of  that  party.  In  1908  he 
was  the  nominee  of  that  part}-  for  Cnited  States  senator.  He  takes 
an  active  part  in  public  affairs,  and  for  eight  years  served  on  the  ^^'in- 
field  school  board.  Mr.  Smith  was  married  December  29,  1878,  to 
Miss  Mary  F.,  daughter  of  John  T.  Johnson,  a  native  of  Pennsylvania. 
Mrs.  Smith  was  born  near  Newman,  111.,  August  27,  1S54. 
Til  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Smith  have  been  born  five  children:  Joe  E.,  born 
November  8,  1880;  John  Thomas,  born  July  9,  1884;  Bernice  L.,  born 
January  22,  i8go;  Robert  Bower,  born  January  8,  1896,  and  Earnest, 
died  in  infanc\-. 

Caleb  W.  Carson,  a  prominent  business  man  of  Ashland,  and  one  of 
the  best  known  citizens  of  Clark  coimty,  is  a  native  of  Illinois.  When  a 
}'oung  man  he  left  his  native  commonwealth  to  seek  greater  opportuni- 
ties in  the  newer  State  of  Kansas.  His  thirty  years  of  effort  in  Kansas 
has  been  rewarded  with  unusual  business  and  financial  success  anrl 
today  he  is  one  of  the  substantial  men  of  the  State.  Caleb  W.  Carson 
was  born  on  a  farm  in  Champaign  county,  Illinois,  December  18,  1839, 
and  is  a  son  of  ^^'illiam  G.  Carson,  a  native  of  Vermilion  county, 
Indiana,  born  June  29,  1829.  William  G.  Carson,  whose  father  was  a 
native  of  Tennessee,  devoted  his  entire  active  career  to  agricultural  pur- 
suits in  Illinois  and  died  in  Champaign  county,  November  10,  1906.  His 
widow,  who  still  survives,  bore  the  maiden  name  of  Martha  Jane  Bales. 
She  was  born  in  Indiana  and  is  a  daughter  of  Caleb  Bales,  who  was  a 
soldier  of  the  War  of  1812.  To  William  G.  Carson  and  Mary  Jane  Bales 
were  born  ten  children,  four  of  whom  died  in  infancy.  The  other  six 
are  as  follows:  Emily  Josephene,  born  November  10,  1857,  now  the 
widow  of  Eugene  A.  Ford,  who  was  a  prominent  lawyer  of  Garnett, 
Kans.,  and  died  in  1895 ;  Caleb  W.,  the  subject  of  this  sketch ;  Ellen  A., 
married  John  T.  Lee,  a  sketch  of  whom  appears  in  this  volume;  Marcia, 
born  August  9,  1866,  is  the  wife  of  D.  P.  Sims,  a  dentist,  Lancaster, 
Pa. ;  Villa,  born  February  23,  1869,  resides  with  her  mother  at  Cham- 
l)aign.  111.,  and  William  F.,  a  salesman,  resides  at  \\'oodward,  Okla. 
Caleb  W.  Carson  received  his  education  in  the  public  schools  of  Cham- 
paign county,  Illinois,  and  later  took  a  business  course  at  Lawrence, 
Kans..  which  he  completed  in  1885,  and  the  same  year  located  in  Clark 


yV,l4>rUXIiA.<0-tf^, 


nioGKAniicAr.  225 

Cdiinty  and  en!jai;c(l  in  tlie  real  estate  and  Ifian  business,  a  line  of  en- 
deavor that  has  since  enj^asjed  his  attention  more  or  less.  In  18S7  he 
was  ai)i)(Mnted  postmaster  of  Ashland  by  President  Cleveland  and  was 
re-appointed  to  that  office  in  1894.  serving  eight  years  in  all.  For  five 
years  he  conducted  a  general  store  at  Ashland,  but  continued  his  real 
estate  business  at  the  same  time.  Today  he  is  the  largest  individual 
tax  payer  in  Clark  county,  and  its  most  extensive  land  owner.  He  is  a 
business  man  of  good  judgment  and  great  enterprise.  He  is  a  man 
capable  of  comprehending  the  possibilities  of  opportunity,  whicli,  with 
his  conscientious  and  honorable  methods  of  doing  business,  has  won 
for  him  the  great  financial  success  which  he  has  attained.  Not  only 
through  his  identification  with  the  commercial  interests  of  Ashland,  but 
also  through  a  close  and  deep  interest  in  public  affairs,  has  Mr.  Carson 
won  a  high  place  among  the  progressive,  public  spirited  and  successful 
men  of  the  State.  Tic  is  a  Democrat  and  has  taken  an  active  interest 
in  the  policies  of  that  party.  He  has  been  a  member  of  the  Ashland 
board  of  education  for  several  years  and  was  elected  mayor  of  Ashland 
in  1910.  serving  one  term.  Air.  Carson  was  united  in  marriage  Marcli 
Ti.  1886,  to  Miss  Afattie  Congleton.  of  Cham]jaign.  Til.  She  is  a  native 
of  Kentucky,  born  in  Nicholas  county,  August  24,  1859,  a  daughter  of 
Columbus  W.  Congleton,  who  was  a  Kentuckian  and  removed  from  that 
State  to  Chamjjaign.  TIL.  with  his  wife  and  children  and  followed  farm- 
ing there  the  balance  of  his  life.  TTe  was  born  in  Nicholas  county.  T\en- 
tucky,  January  23,  1827,  and  died  in  Champaign  county,  Illinois.  July  ^. 
1880.  His  wife  was  born  in  Bath  coimty,  Kentucky,  Noveinber  25,  T827. 
and  died  in  Champaign  county.  Illinois,  in  September.  1871.  They  were 
the  parents  of  eight  children,  as  follows:  Mollie,  Rule  (deceased"): 
Anna  (deceased)  :  T'^rank  Pierce  (deceased)  ;  Sarah,  Mattie,  now  Mrs. 
Carson;  William  C..  and  F.lizabelh  (deceased).  IVTr.  and  Mrs.  Carson 
have  five  children,  all  of  whom  have  received  unusual  higher  educational 
advantages  and  are  well  qualified  for  useful  careers.  They  are  in  order 
of  birth  as  follows:  Paul  Congleton,  born  March  28,  1887.  graduated 
from  Kansas  University  in  the  class  of  igii  and  from  the  Western  Re- 
serve Medical  College,  Cleveland.  Ohio,  in  IQ14,  and  is  now  practicing 
medicine  in  Cleveland.  Ohio;  ^^'illiam  C.  born  January  T3.  1889.  grad- 
uated from  the  Ashland  High  School  and  took  a  special  course  at  the 
Southwestern  College.  AA'infield,  T\ans..  and  is  in  the  real  estate,  loan 
and  insurance  business  with  his  father  in  .\shland,  Kans.  TTe  married 
Miss  r^ena  R.  Camp,  of  Spokane,  Wash.,  ATarch  20.  1912.  She  is  a  na- 
tive of  Wallace,  Idaho,  born  August  25,  1S88,  and  is  a  graduate  from 
the  Kansas  State  Normal  School.  F.mporia.  Kans.,  and  was  a  teacher  in 
the  Ashland  schools  for  a  year  prior  to  her  marriage.  Frank  Lee,  was 
born  June  23.  1890,  graduated  from  the  .\shland  High  School  and  entered 
Kansas  University  and  was  graduated  in  the  class  of  1913  and  is  now 
connected  with  the  Kansas  National   Rank,  ^^'ichita.  Kans.;  Caleb  ^^^, 


226  BIOGRArHICAL 

Jr..  the  youngest  son,  was  born  Xovember  19,  1891,  is  a  graduate  of  the 
Ashlajid  High  School  and  won  honors,  both  for  himself  and  his  county, 
as  one  of  the  three  representatives  of  the  Ashland  High  School  in  the 
State  high  school  debate,  held  at  Lawrence,  in  191 1.  The  trophies  of 
the  contest  were  a  beautiful  loving  cup  and  a  banner.  The  contest  had 
embraced  all  the  high  schools  of  the  State  and  the  final  contest  was  be- 
tween ^fontgomery  and  Clark  counties,  in  which  the  latter  carried  off 
the  honors.  Caleb  W.  is  now  a  student  in  Kansas  University  and  a 
member  of  the  class  of  191 5.  Hazel  Ellene.  the  only  daughter,  was  born 
June  29,  1893,  graduated  from  the  Ashland  High  School  in  the  class  of 
1912  and  after  attending  college  one  year  at  Xorthampton.  Mass.,  en- 
tered Kansas  University  and  is  a  member  of  the  class  of  1917.  The  Car- 
son home  in  Ashland  is  one  of  the  most  beautiful  residences  in  south- 
western Kansas,  and  was  erected  at  an  approximate  cost  of  $20,000. 
Mr.  Carson  is  prominently  identified  with  the  Masonic  order,  being  a 
Knights  Templar,  Thirty-second  degree  Scottish  Rite  Alason. 

Alvah  J.  Graham,  a  prominent  member  of  the  Cowley  county  bar,  and 
a  leading  lawyer  of  southern  Kansas,  is  a  native  of  the  Buckej'e  State. 
He  was  born  at  Canton,  Ohio,  June  26,  1867.  and  is  a  son  of  Dr.  William 
George  and  Fannie  P.  (Keyes)  Graham.  Doctor  Graham,  the  father, 
was  a  pioneer  physician  of  Cowley  county.  He  was  born  in  Holmes 
county,  Ohio,  April  16.  1842,  a  son  of  John  and  Alice  (Finley)  Graham, 
natives  of  Ireland,  the  former  coming  to  America  at  the  age  of  sixteen. 
He  remained  in  Ohio  until  1872,  when  he  came  to  Kansas  and  located 
in  Cowley  county,  and  died  soon  after  coming  here.  To  John  and  Alice 
(Tinley)  Graham  were  born  the  following  children:  John  Finley,  Dr. 
AX'illiam  George,  Alexander-  B.,  Thomas  M.,  Aloses  Asbury,  Margaret, 
Elizabeth  Ann.  Isabelle  C.  now  the  widow  of  J.  R.  Morgan,  and  Mary 
A.,  the  wife  of  G.  X.  Learey,  \\'infield.  They  are  all  deceased  except 
Isabelle  C.  and  Mary  A.,  and  all  spent  their  lives  in  Cowley  county, 
where  they  settled  in  an  early  day  and  took  up  Government  land.  Dr. 
\\'illiam  George  Graham  was  educated  in  Baldwin  College,  Eerea,  Ohio, 
and  the  Homeopathic  Medical  College,  Xew  York,  graduating  from  the 
latter  institution  in  the  class  of  1866.  He  then  engaged  in  the  practice 
of  his  profession  at  Ravenna,  Ohio,  for  a  time,  when  he  went  to  Canton, 
Ohio,  and  practiced  until  1878,  when  he  came  to  Kansas,  first  locating 
at  Leavenworth,  where  he  remained  one  year.  He  then  went  to  Cowley 
county  and  located  on  Government  land,  and  when  the  town  of  Win- 
field  was  located  and  laid  out  his  claim  adjoined  the  new  town.  He 
was  secretary  of  the  townsite  company  and  took  a  prominent  part  in 
the  early  day  doings  of  that  part  of  the  State.  He  was  one  of  the 
organizers  of  the  Settlers'  Protective  Association,  a  vigilance  commit- 
tee of  that  section  organized  for  the  mutual  protection  of  settlers 
against  outlaws  and  Indians.  He  was  the  first  ph3'sician  to  locate  in 
Winfield,  and  was  the  first  coroner  of  Cowley  cotinty,  and  his  wife 


BinGRArillCAL  22/ 

was  the  first  white  woman  to  permanently  settle  in  that  count}-.  Doctor 
Graham  was  mayor  of  Winfield  for  four  years.  He  was  a  Knights 
Templar  Mason,  and  a  charter  member  of  all  the  Masonic  bodies  in 
Winfield.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church,  and 
for  many  years  was  a  member  of  the  board  of  trustees  of  Southwestern 
College,  Winfield.  He  died  at  Winfield,  January  2,  1914,  and  his  re- 
mains are  interred  in  the  Cowley  Union  cemetery,  which  is  located  on 
his  oritjinal  homestead.  His  wife.  Fannie  P.  Keyes,  to  whom  he  was 
married  at  Ravenna,  Ohio,  in  1866,  was  a  daughter  of  Alva  E.  and 
Mary  (Brown)  Keyes,  natives  of  New  England.  She  was  born  at 
Westfield,  N.  Y.,  Jnne  24,  1848.  Alvah  J.  Graham,  whose  name  intro- 
duces this  article,  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  and  Southwestern 
College,  graduating  from  that  institution  in  the  class  of  1889.  He  then 
entered  the  University  of  Kansas  and  was  graduated  in  the  class  of 
1891.  with  the  degree  of  Bachelor  of  Laws.  He  then  engaged  in  the 
practice  of  law  at  Guthrie,  r)kla.,  where  he  remained  about  a  year, 
when  he  returned  to  ^^'infield,  where  he  has  since  been  successfully  en- 
gaged in  the  ]iractice  of  his  profession  and  has  Iniilt  up  a  large  practice. 
Mr.  Graham  was  united  in  marriage  .'\pril  14,  1895,  to  Miss  Julia  O., 
daughter  of  Rev.  John  Boone  and  Sarah  M.  (\\'ard)  Smith,  the  former 
a  native  of  Kentucky,  and  the  latter  of  West  Virginia.  The  father  was 
a  Methodist  minister,  and  a  relative  of  Daniel  Boone.  He  died  at  Win- 
field, Kans.,  in  .August,  191 1.  To  .Mvah  J.  and  Julia  O.  (Smith)  Gra- 
ham have  been  born  two  children  :  Helen,  born  .September  5,  1898,  is  a 
student  in  the  Winfield  High  School,  and  a  meml)er  of  the  class  of  1915. 
and  Elizabeth,  born  October  26,  1904.  Mr.  Graham  is  a  charter  mem- 
ber of  the  Old  Settlers'  Association,  and  has  served  as  president  of  that 
organization.  He  is  also  a  Knights  Templar  Mason  and  a  member  of 
the  Improved  Order  of  Red  Men,  and  is  the  great  keeper  of  wampmn, 
of  the  State  lodge.  Politically,  he  is  a  Socialist,  and  an  ardent  advo- 
cate of  the  economic  principles  of  that  party.  The  Graham  family  con- 
sisted of  two  children  :  .Mvah  J.,  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  and  Ernest 
R.,  born  at  Winfield.  Kans..  March  5.  1873,  and  educated  in  the  public 
schools  of  Winfield  and  the  Snuthwcstern  College,  and  is  now  a  Cowley 
county  farmer. 

John  Adams  Lightner,  an  extensive  land  ouiicr,  and  one  of  the  pros- 
perous farmers  of  Comanche  county,  is  one  of  the  pioneers  of  that  sec- 
tion of  the  State.  He  is  a  native  of  the  Old  Dominion,  born  in  Bath 
county,  Virginia,  January  7,  1848,  and  comes  from  Old  Virginia  stock, 
his  parents,  Jacob  and  Xancy  Jane  (\\'arwick)  Lightner,  being  na- 
ti\-es  of  that  .State.  Jacob  Lightner  was  born  in  1820,  on  the  tild 
Lightner  lupniestead  in  P.alh  county,  and  followed  farming  there  all  his 
life,  lie  died  December  18,  1886.  His  wife,  Jane  Warwick,  was  also 
born  on  a  farm  in  \'irginia.  and  her  ])arcnts,  Robert  and  Esther  (Hull) 
Warwick,  were  n;itivcs  of  the  s;\me  State.     She  died  in  her  native  State 


228  BIOGRAPHICAL 

in  187S.  Thev  were  the  parents  nf  the  following  cliildren:  Malcena, 
\'irgin,ia,  JdIiii  Adams.  Robert  \\'arwici<,  Will  Craig  (deceased)  ;  Mary 
Etta,  Jacob  Brown,  Peter  (deceased) ;  James  O.  and  George  W.,  the  last 
named  being  deceased.  John  Adams  Lightner  spent  his  boyhood  days  on 
the  home  farm  in  \'irginia.  and  received  his  education  in  private  schools. 
In  early  life  he  taught  school  about  six  years,  and  then  was  a  sales- 
man for  a  short  time,  and  later  engaged  in  the  mercantile  business  at 
Mill  Gap.  Va..  where  he  successfully  conducted  a  general  store  for 
twelve  years.  He  also  served  as  postmaster  at  Alill  Gap.  In  1884.  be- 
lie\'ing  there  were  better  opportunities  in  the  ^^'est,  he  came  to  Kansas, 
locating  in  Comanche  county,  where  he  took  up  Government  land. 
After  a  time  prosperity  knocked  at  his  door,  and  he  bought  more  land, 
and  continued  to  buy  until  he  now  owns  3.120  acres  of  some  of  the 
most  productive  land  in  the  State.  It  is  located  in  a  fertile  region  along 
Bluff  and  Kiowa  creeks,  and  his  farm  is  all  well  improved.  He  raises 
cattle  on  a  large  scale,  and  is  also  an  extensive  alfalfa  grower,  and  has 
met  with  a  marked  degree  of  success  in  that  feature  of  farming.  Mr. 
Liglitner  was  united  in  marriage  at  ]\IcPherson,  Kans.,  January  23, 
1892,  to  Miss  Myrtle  Grumm,  and  they  have  one  child,  Virginia,  born 
in  Comanche  county,  Janiiar}-  3,  1893.  She  is  an  accomplished  young 
woman  and  is  a  graduate  of  the  Bucklin  High  School  and  Kansas  Uni- 
versity, graduating  at  the  latter  institution  in  the  class  of  1912.  She  is 
a  graduate  pharmacist  and  has  given  special  study  and  attention  to 
music  and  domestic  science.  Mr.  Lightner  has  been  a  lifelong  Demo- 
crat, but  is  not  inclined  to  look  favorably  upon  yiolitics  as  a  profession, 
but  ratlier  as  an  incident  to  good  citizenship.  He  is  a  student  of  men 
and  affairs,  as  well  as  books,  and  his  hospitable  home  has  an  air  df  cul- 
ture and  refinement  which  impresses  one  with  his  distinct  individuality. 
John  Gilmore  Fulton,  a  veteran  of  the  Civil  war  and  Kansas  pioneer, 
has  been  a  resident  of  the  Sunflower  State  for  more  than  a  third  of  a 
century.  He  is  a  native  of  Pennsylvania,  born  at  Pittsliurgh.  October 
II,  1836,  a  son  of  James  and  Margaret  (Gilmore)  Fulton.  The  father 
was  also  a  Pennsylvanian,  born  at  Philadelphia  in  1800.  He  was  a 
wagon  maker,  and  for  several  years  was  employed  at  his  trade  by  the 
United  States  Government  in  the  Pittsburgh  arsenal.  He  died  in  1848. 
Margaret  Gilmore,  his  wife,  was  a  daughter  of  Daniel  Gilmore.  a  Penn- 
sylvania pioneer,  whose  wife,  when  an  infant,  was  taken  captive  by  the 
Indians,  and  was  reared  in  captivitj'  until  she  was  eighteen  years  old, 
and  had  no  knowledge  of  her  parents'  names.  She  died  November  3, 
1803.  at  Cobden,  111.  To  James  and  Margaret  (Gilmore)  Fulton  were 
born  the  following  children:  Oliver  P.,  Mary  Ann.  Xancy  Jane,  Caro- 
line. F.lizalieth.  John  Gilmore.  the  subject  of  this  sketch;  Josephine, 
Sarah.  \\'illiam  and  Graham.  John  Gilmore  Fulton's  parents  remox'cd 
to  Illinois  in  1844.  when  he  was  seven  years  of  age.  This  was  a  very 
early  day  in  the  settlement  of  that  State.     They   located   at   Duquoip. 


BIOGRAPHICAL  229 

The  boy  remained  al  home  on  tlie  farm  until  the  outbreak  of  the  Civil 
war.  when  he  enlisted  in  Company  J,  Sixth  regiment,  Illinois  cavalry. 
He  was  sergeant  of  his  company  and  served  three  years.  His  regiment 
was  attached  to  the  Sixteentii  army  corps,  under  command  of  General 
Sherman,  but  on  account  of  illness  Mr.  Fulton  was  unable  to  participate 
in  Sherman's  memorable  march  to  the  sea.  For  the  first  two  years 
and  two  months  of  his  service  he  never  missed  a  rollcall,  but  during 
the  last  ten  months  most  of  his  time  was  spent  in  a  hospital.  He  was  act- 
ing lieutenant  of  his  company  for  over  a  j'ear,  and  served  in  the  capacity 
of  major  during  two  engagements.  He  lost  his  right  eye  from  an  in- 
jury sustained  while  in  the  service.  He  made  a  good  militar}'  record, 
and  after  being  honorablj'  discharged  at  the  close  of  the  war,  he  went 
to  Cairo,  111.,  where  he  was  engaged  as  a  salesman  for  five  years.  In 
1 88 1  he  came  to  Kansas,  locating  in  Sedgwick  county,  and  was  engaged 
in  farming  near  Wichita  for  three  years,  and  the  place  where  his  farm 
was  located  is  now  occupied  by  a  large  packing  house  in  the  suburbs 
of  Wichita.  In  1884  he  went  to  Comanche  county,  locating  on  Govern- 
ment land,  ten  miles  south  of  Protection,  and  engaged  in  farming  and 
stuck  raising,  and  was  very  successful.  In  1900  he  retired  and  is  now 
living  in  Protection,  and  enjo3'ing  well  earned  rest  after  an  active  and 
successful  career.  He  was  active  in  the  organization  of  Comanche 
county  and  has  always  taken  a  keen  interest  in  the  public  affairs  of  his 
locality  and  has  held  various  local  offices.  He  is  a  member  of  O.  P. 
Morton  Post,  Grand  Army  of  the  Republic.  Xo.  14,  Joplin,  Mo.  Mr. 
Fulton  was  united  in  marriage  at  Duquoin,  111.,  May  26,  1858,  to  Miss 
.Sarah  Flizabeth,  daughter  of  Dr.  Leo  and  Sarah  Ann  (Jones)  Hamil- 
ton, a  native  of  Illinois,  born  December  23,  1840.  Pier  father  was  born 
in  Maryland  in  1800,  and  died  in  Illinois  in  1848,  and  her  mother  was 
a  native  of  Kentucky,  born  in  1806,  and  died  in  Illinois  in  1844.  Mrs. 
Fulton  was  one  of  a  family  of  six,  as  follows:  Matilda  Ann,  Walter 
I^.,  Sarah  Elizabeth,  Joseph  F.,  Humphrey  l'>..  and  Lewis  T.  To  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Fulton  have  been  born  six  children:  Ida  May,  born  Sep- 
tember 3,  1859.  died  January  20,  1863 ;  Walter  E.,  born  December  28, 
iSf'ii  ;  Chloe  F.,  born  .\ugust  3,  1863.  died  .\pril  20,  1864;  Carl  Frederick, 
born  June  13.  1866;  Ethel  F.,  born  January  6,  1874,  and  Kenneth  Hamil- 
ton, born  June  11,  1877. 

Arthur  Van  Wey  is  a  native  of  Illinois,  born  December  21,  1868. 
whose  parents  were  among  the  very  early  settlers  of  Coffey  county, 
Kansas.  He  is  a  son  of  Abram  and  Rebecca  (Holland)  \'an 
Wey.  The  father  was  a  native  of  Ohio,  born  in  Allen  county  in  1816, 
and  the  mother  was  a  native  of  the  same  State,  born  February  24,  1835. 
They  removed  to  Coffey  county,  Kansas,  in  1867,  which  was  a  very 
early  day  in  the  settlement  of  that  State.  Here  they  located 
on  Government  land,  where  they  remained  until  1883.  when  they  re- 
moved to  Comanche  cntuitv  and  settled  on  Government  land,  four  miles 


230  BIOGRAPHICAL 

east  of  Protection.  This  was  before  Comanche  county  was  organized, 
and  here  the  father  followed  farming  and  stock  raising  until  his  death, 
September  20,  1898.  He  was  a  Democrat  and  a  member  of  the  Metho- 
dist Episcopal  church.  To  Abram  and  Rebecca  (Holland)  Van  Wey 
were  born  three  children,  as  follows:  Sanford,  born  October  14,  1861, 
now  a  farmer  in  Comanche  county;  Abram,  born  May  20,  1863,  also  a  far- 
mer in  Comanche  count}',  and  Arthur,  the  subject  of  this  sketch.  Arthur 
Van  ^^'ey  received  his  education  in  the  public  schools  of  Kansas,  and 
was  fifteen  years  old  when  his  parents  located  in  Comanche  county, 
where  he  has  since  been  engaged  in  farming  and  stock  raising,  where 
he  has  become  one  of  the  prosperous  and  substantial  men  of  the  county. 
He  raises  cattle  and  horses  extensively.  Mr.  \'an  \\'ey  was  married  No- 
vember 29,  1889,  to  Miss  Jessie  Amy,  daughter  of  Walter  L.  and  Violet 
(Nail)  Stewart.  Mrs.  Van  Wey  was  born  in  Pennsylvania,  December  i, 
1873,  and  came  to  Kansas  with  her  parents  in  1880.  They  located  in 
Sumner  county.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Van  Wey  have  been  born  three  chil- 
dren :  Elmer  Arthur,  born  June  18,  1893  ;  Irtl-?  Stewart,  born  October  21, 
1894,  and  Henry  William,  born  July  22,  1898.  Mr.  Van  Wey  is  a  member 
of  the  Modern  Woodmen  of  America,  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows, 
and,  politically,  is  a  Democrat.  The  family  are  members  of  the  Baptist 
church,  and  well  and  favorably  known  in  the  section  where  they  reside. 
Edward  Bell  Payne,  M.  D.,  a  well  known  and  successful  physician 
of  Fort  Scott,  is  a  descendant  of  pioneer  Kansas  parents.  Dr.  Payne  is 
a  native  of  the  Sunflower  State,  born  in  ^liami  county,  near  Paola, 
October  9,  1866.  He  is  a  son  of  Rev.  J.  M.  and  Mary  A.  (Cantell)  Payne. 
The  father  was  active  in  the  Methodist  ministry  for  years,  and  is  now 
chaplain  at  the  National  Military  Home,  at  Leavenworth,  Kans.  He  is 
a  native  of  Indiana,  and  in  early  life  removed  to  Illinois,  and  in  the 
spring  of  1866  came  to  Kansas.  His  father,  Gustavus  Payne,  was  also 
a  native  of  Indiana,  and  came  to  Kansas  about  1870,  locating  at  Labette 
City,  where  he  was  engaged  in  the  mercantile  business  and  farming 
for  many  years.  He  died  in  1904.  Mary  A.  Cantell,  Dr.  Payne's 
mother,  is  a  daughter  of  Andrew  Cantell,  a  native  of  Ireland.  He  lo- 
cated near  Pleasanton,  Lynn  county,  Kansas,  at  an  early  day  and  was 
engaged  in  teaching  nearly  all  his  life.  Dr.  Payne  attended  the  public 
schools  in  the  various  towns  in  Kansas,  where  his  father  was  located 
in  the  ministry,  and  in  1882  entered  Baker  University,  at  Baldwin, 
where  he  was  a  student  for  three  years.  He  then  got  employment  in  a 
drug  store  at  Girard,  Kans.,  and  while  thus  employed  read  medicine 
under  the  preceptorship  of  Dr.  Shell,  about  a  year,  and  in  1886  entered 
tlie  University  Medical  College  of  Kansas  City,  where  he  was  graduated 
in  the  class  of  1889,  with  the  degree  of  Doctor  of  Medicine.  He  then 
engaged  in  the  practice  of  his  profession  at  Galena,  Kans.,  in  partnership 
with  Dr.  J.  P.  Schole,  for  a  period  of  about  six  months,  when  Dr.  Payne 
returned  to  college,  this  time  entering  Bellevue  Medical  College,  New 


BIOGRAPHICAL  23 I 

York  City,  and  was  graduated  in  the  class  of  1890.  He  then  returned 
to  Galena,  Kans.,  and  was  engaged  in  the  practice  of  his  profession 
there  for  fourteen  years.  In  1904  he  came  to  Fort  Scott,  where  he  has 
built  up  a  large  practice  and  holds  a  place  in  the  medical  profession,  as 
one  of  the  leading  physicians  of  that  section.  Dr.  Payne  is  a  close 
student  of  the  science  of  medicine  and  has  kept  fully  abreast  with  the 
great  strides  that  the  profession  has  made  in  recent  years.  He  takes 
a  commendable  interest  in  public  affairs,  and  in  1910  was  elected  coroner 
of  Bourbon  county,  and  is  now  serving  in  that  capacity.  He  has  served 
on  the  Fort  Scott  cit\-  council,  and  while  a  resident  of  Galena  was  a 
member  of  the  school  board  for  several  years.  He  is  active  in  the 
broader  field  of  American  medical  research,  and  in  1908  was  a  delegate 
to  the  International  Tul^erculosis  Convention,  held  at  Washington.  D.  C 
He  also  takes  a  prominent  part  in  the  work  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal 
church,  of  which  he  is  a  trustee  and  superintendent  of  the  Sunday  school. 
He  was  a  delegate  to  the  general  conference  at  Los  Angeles  in  1908. 
He  is  a  member  of  the  Countj^,  State  and  .American  Medical  Associa- 
tions", and  is  a  Knights  Templar  Mason  and  a  member  of  the  Mystic 
Shrine.  Dr.  Payne  was  united  in  marriage  July  6,  1898,  to  Miss  Rose, 
daughter  of  John  Luckey,  of  Baxter  Springs,  Kans.  Mr.  Luckey  came 
to  Kansas  from  Indiana  in  1870,  and  made  farming  the  occupation  of  his 
life.  Mrs.  Payne  was  born  in  Kansas  and  educated  in  the  public 
schools.  Dr.  and  Mrs.  Paj-ne  have  one  child,  Mary  Esther,  a  student 
in  the  Fort  .Scott  schools. 

John  Davis  Hunter,  a  well  known  successful  physician  of  Fort  Scott. 
Kans.,  is  a  native  of  the  Keystone  State.  He  was  born  at  Phoenixville, 
Pa.,  June  23,  1873,  and  is  a  son  of  George  A.  and  Emma  (Quigg)  Hun- 
ter, both  natives  of  Pennsylvania,  and  descendants  of  early  settlers  in 
that  State.  Dr.  Hunter  received  his  preliminary  education  in  the  pub- 
lic schools  of  his  native  town,  and  graduated  from  the  Phoenixville  High 
School  in  the  class  of  1892.  He  then  was  a  student  in  the  University 
of  Pennsylvania  for  two  years,  and  in  1894  went  to  Youngstown.  Ohio, 
where  he  studied  dentistry  for  one  year.  In  1897  he  came  to  Kansas, 
locating  at  Fort  Scott  and  was  associated  with  an  uncle,  W.  P>.  Hunter, 
in  the  drug  business  for  four  years,  when  he  entered  the  University 
Medical  College,  Kansas  City,  and  was  graduated  in  the  class  of  1905, 
with  the  degree  of  Doctor  of  Medicine.  He  was  associated  in  the  prac- 
tice of  his  profession  in  Kansas  City  with  Dr.  S.  C.  James  for  two  years, 
and  in  1907  located  at  Fort  Scott,  where  he  has  since  been  engaged  in 
the  practice.  He  is  a  close  student  of  the  science  of  medicine  and 
ranks  as  one  of  the  successful  physicians  of  Bourbon  county.  He  has 
given  a  great  deal  of  attention  to  the  surgery  side  of  his  profession, 
and  has  been  verv  successful  in  that  branch  of  professional  work.  He 
is  staff  surgeon  at  Mere}'  Hospital,  Fort  Scott,  and  assistant  division 
surgeon  for  the  Missouri  Pacific  Railway  Company.     He  is  prominent 


232  BIOGRAPHICAL 

in  medical  societies,  being  a  member  of  tlie  County,  State  and  American 
Medical  Associations,  and  has  also  served  as  secretary  of  the  County 
and  Southeastern  Kansas  Medical  Society.  Dr.  Hunter  was  united  in 
marriage  October  24.  1906,  to  Miss  Rena.  daughter  of  Col.  J.  H.  and 
Laura  (Lakin)  Richards,  both  natives  of  Indiana.  Col.  Richards  is  a 
prominent  attorney  and  for  many  years  was  general  solicitor  for  the 
Missouri  Pacific  Railway  Company.  On  account  of  failing  health  he 
retired  from  that  position  and  now  resides  at  Fort  Scott,  Kans.  I\Irs. 
Hunter  is  a  highly  educated  woman  and  prominent  in  social  circles  of 
her  home  city.  She  was  educated  in  the  Fort  Scott  High  School, 
Baker  University  and  the  ^\'oman's  College,  of  Baltimore.  Md.,  grad- 
uating in  the  latter  institution  in  the  class  of  1904,  with  the  degree  of 
Bachelor  of  Science.  To  Dr.  and  Mrs.  Hunter  have  been  born  two 
children:  John  Richards  and  Matsin  Lakin.  Dr.  Hunter  is  a  member 
of  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows,  and  he  and  Mrs.  Hunter  are 
members  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church,  and  take  a  prominent  part 
in  the  work  of  their  congregation. 

U.  A.  D.  Collelmo,  M.  D.,  a  well  known  physician  and  surgeon  of 
Pittsburg,  Kans.,  is  a  native  of  Italy.  He  was  born  at  \^iterbo,  Italy, 
^lay  5,  1867.  Dr.  Collelmo  received  an  excellent  education  in  the 
schools  of  his  native  land,  and  later  graduated  from  the  University  0\ 
Rome  and  Pavia,  in  1890.  After  graduating  Dr.  Collelmo  traveled  ex- 
tensively in  South  America  and  after  returning  to  his  native  country, 
went  to  Australia.  In  1894  he  located  in  Detroit,  Mich.,  and  after  prac- 
tising his  profession  there  for  three  years  went  to  Ba}-  City.  Mich.,  where 
he  practised  until  1908.  He  then  located  at  Arapaho.  Okla.,  and 
a  short  time  after  came  to  Pittsburg,  Kans.,  where  he  has  since  been 
engaged  in  the  practice  of  his  profession.  He  has  taken  considerable 
post-graduate  work,  giving  special  attention  to  surger\  and  has  made 
a  specialty  of  that  branch  of  professional  work  for  the  past  twelve  years. 
For  a  few  years  he  was  connected  wMth  the  Italian  Infirmary  of  Pitts- 
burg, as  surgeon,  and  in  1913  founded  the  Pittsburg  Emergency  Hospital 
and  Training  School  for  Nurses.  This  is  a  regular  chartered  institu- 
tion by  the  State  of  Kansas  under  date  of  December  6.  1913,  and  the 
present  directors  are  Dr.  C.  A.  Dudley.  Dr.  M.  B.  Hartman,  Dr.  E.  E. 
Deal  and  Dr.  E.  Coffero.  Dr.  Collelmo  is  surgeon  in  charge,  and  during 
his  career  in  connection  with  this  hospital  he  has  performed  a  great 
many  delicate  surgical  operations  in  which  he  has  been  uniformly  suc- 
cessful. The  institution  is  equipped  with  all  modern  methods  of  sanita- 
tion and  comfort,  and  is  capable  of  accommodating  twelve  patients,  and 
is  generally  filled  to  its  capacity.  There  are  five  nurses  in  charge  of 
the  institution.  Dr.  Collelmo  was  united  in  marriage  October  3,  1900, 
to  Miss  Mary  Louise  Goe.  of  Fay,  Okla.,  and  to  this  union  have  been 
born  six  children:  Victoria.  Angelina.  Doleres.  Ugo.  John  and  Mer- 
cedes.    Dr.  Collelmo  is  a  Reiniblican,  and  in  1914  received  the  nomina- 


BIOGRAPHICAL  233 

tion  of  his  party  for  coroner  of  Crawford  county,  and  was  elected  by 
a  large  majority.  Me  is  a  member  of  the  United  States  Board  of 
Pension  Examiners  and  a  member  of  the  County,  State  and  American 
^^edical  Associations,  being  vice  president  of  the  county  organization. 
He  also  holds  membership  in  the  Modern  ^^'oodmen  of  America  and 
the  Owls. 

J.  F.  Klaner,  ]iresident  of  the  Ellsworth-Klaner  Construction  Com- 
pan}-,  Pittsburg,  Kans.,  is  a  typical  representative  of  that  type  of  men 
who  do  big  things.  The  Ellsworth-Klaner  Construction  Company  is 
engaged  in  strip  ])it  coal  mining  and  is  one  of  the  first  companies  in  south- 
eastern Kansas  to  enlist  the  steam  shovel  method  of  carrying  out  this 
project.  Eor  the  benefit  of  those  who  are  unfamiliar  with  the  vai'ious 
methods  of  coal  mining,  it  may  be  stated  here  that  the  old-fashioned  strip 
IMt  mining  was  done  by  teams  and  scrapers  when  the  outcroppings  of  coal 
were  within  a  few  feet  of  the  surface.  However,  this  style  of  mining  was 
never  very  profitable  and  therefore  never  carried  on  very  extensively, 
but  when  coal  was  located  from  ten  to  fifty  feet  beneath  the  surface  of 
the  ground  and  the  roofing,  or  rock,  overla\-ing  the  coal  was  found  to 
be  very  shallow  the  question  of  mining  l)y  the  underground  method  was 
found  to  be  expensive  and  dangerous,  and  it  was  out  of  the  question  to 
remove  the  clay  or  "strip  the  coal"  with  teams  and  scrapers.  Then 
came  the  introduction  of  the  modern  method  of  removing  this  clay, 
overlaying  the  coal,  by  steam  shovels.  The  Ellsworth-Klaner  Company 
is  (me  of  the  pioneer  companies  to  operate  in  southeastern  Kansas  by  this 
method,  which  they  introduced  about  four  years  ago,  and  they  are  now 
operating  three  steam  shovels.  Tn  this  method  of  mining,  these  steam 
shovels  are  constructed  especially  for  this  ]iur]5ose,  and  are  among  the 
largest  to  be  found  in  the  country — larger  than  any  used  in  digging 
the  Panama  Canal.  Each  shovel  has  a  di]5])er  capacity  of  five  cubic 
yards,  operated  with  a  ninety  foot  Ijnom  and  fifty-four  foot  dipper 
stick,  and  the  steam  i)ower  required  to  operate  one  of  these  shovels  is 
furnished  by  two  150  horse  power  boilers.  The  approximate  cost  of 
one  of  these  giant  digging  machines  is  $40,000,  whicii  includes  the 
freight  charge  and  cost  of  putting  the  machines  in  position.  The  Ells- 
worth-Klaner Company  emj^lovs  about  200  men  in  this  method  of  min- 
ing, and  their  daily  output  is  from  thirty  to  forty-five  railroad  carloads 
of  coal.  Mr.  Klaner,  whose  name  introduces  this  article,  is  a  native  of 
California,  born  in  Placer  county,  January  11,  1877.  He  is  a  son  of 
Henry  and  Ann  (Pf)min)  Klaner,  natives  of  Germany.  The  father  was 
a  deep  sea  sailor  and  in  1848,  when  the  vessel  upon  which  he  was  sailing, 
touched  jjort  at  San  Erancisco,  he,  like  many  others,  abandoned  his 
regular  vocation  to  join  the  army  of  gold  seekers  in  the  Sacramento  \al- 
ley.  Eater  he  visited  his  native  land,  hut  returned  to  California,  where 
he   spent   his   life.     J.    F.   Klaner   received   his   education    in    the   jMiblic 


234  BIOGRAPHICAL 

schools  of  his  native  State,  and  in  early  Hfe  learned  the  blacksmith 
trade,  and  became  connected  with  mining  projects  in  California  and 
Arizona  in  the  capacity  of  master  mechanic.  He  was  employed  at  the 
"King-  of  Arizona"  mine  two  years,  when  he  went  to  Cripple  Creek 
district  and  worked  a  mining  lease  on  his  own  account,  operating  there 
about  three  years,  with  a  fair  degree  of  success.  He  then  operated  for  a 
machine  company  for  a  time,  when  he  entered  the  employ  of  the  United 
States  Government  as  foreman  in  the  Gunnison  tunnel  project,  and  had 
charge  of  this  work  until  1906,  when  he  took  charge  of  the  Central 
Colorado  power  tunnels,  at  Glenwood  Springs,  Colo,  as  superintendent  of 
construction.  In  1907  he  accepted  the  position  as  superintendent  of  mines 
for  the  Boston  Consolidated,  at  Bingham,  Canyon,  Utah. In  1908  he 
became  associated  with  Mr.  Ellsworth,  in  the  construction  business  in 
Utah  and  Colorado.  They  constructed  the  Rio  Grande  dam,  one  of  the 
largest  projects  of  the  kind  in  the  State  of  Colorado.  They  did  consid- 
eralile  other  important  construction  work  in  the  mountain  states  before 
beginning  operations  in  the  southeastern  Kansas  coal  field.  About  the 
time  that  Mr.  Klaner  was  operating  in  the  Cripple  Creek  district,  he 
accepted  a  position  from  the  Leyner  Engineering  Works  as  drill  expert 
in  constructing  the  Pennsylvania  Railroad  tunnels  under  the  North 
river,  into  New  York  City,  in  connection  with  the  construction  of  the 
Pennsylvania  depot  there,  but  on  account  of  the  climate,  and  the  nature 
of  the  underground  work  so  seriously  affecting  his  health,  he  was 
compelled  to  give  it  up  within  a  few  months  and  return  to  the  West. 
Mr.  Klaner  was  united  in  marriage  September  19,  1906,  to  Miss  Nettie 
Leabo,  of  Lathrop,  Mo.  They  have  one  child,  J.  P.,  Jr.  Mr.  Klaner  is 
a  member  of  the  Southwestern  Coal  Operators'  Association  and  takes 
an  active  part  in  the  work  of  that  organization.  He  is  a  Thirty-second 
degree  Mason  and  a  member  of  the  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of 
Elks.  In  addition  to  his  other  vast  interests  and  enterprises.  Mr. 
Klaner  has  a  fine  fruit  farm,  consisting  of  a  twenty  acre  apple  orchard, 
at  Honeyville,  Utah.  He  is  also  a  stockholder  in  the  Mosida  Fruit 
Lands  Company,  of  ]\Tosida,  Utah. 

Hon.  Ebenezer  F.  Porter,  State  senator  from  the  Ninth  senatorial 
district,  Pittsburg,  Kans.,  has  for  nearly  a  quarter  of  a  century  been  one 
of  the  powers  and  potential  forces  in  business  and  in  matters  relating 
to  educational  and  material  progress  in  that  section  of  the  State.  He 
has  from  an  early  age  borne  a  large  share  of  responsibility  in  the 
management  of  his  father's,  as  well  as  his  own  affairs  and  has  had  to 
deal  with  large  and  important  matters.  Notwithstanding  his  large 
sphere  of  activity,  it  can  be  said  to  his  credit  that  he  has  never  failecf 
in  any  of  his  enterprises,  Mr.  Porter  has  gained  the  reputation  among 
his  associates  of  going  straight  to  the  mark  in  any  business  affairs,  and 
with  a  definite  goal  for  his  efforts,  he  has  never  failed  until  he  got  what 
he  went  after.     .Although  he  has  been  concerned  with  several  large  in- 


BIOGRAPHICAL  235 

terests  during  his  life,  yet  they  have  never  been  so  wide  of  extent  that 
his  energies  have  been  diffused  to  the  neglect  of  any  detail.  His  friends 
say  of  him  that  everything  he  does  is  thoughtfully  planned  beforehand, 
and  with  a  foundation  well  built  his  projects  always  rise  to  a  successful 
completion,  but  his  intense  energy  and  broad  mind  have  ranged  into 
other  fields  than  pure  business  and  the  entire  State  of  Kansas  will  al- 
ways regard  him  as  the  founder  of  a  department  of  education  which  is 
destined  to  exert  a  powerful  influence  on  the  life  and  industries  of  the 
twentieth  century.  Senator  Porter  was  born  at  New  Salem,  Fayette 
county,  Pennsylvania,  July  14,  1859.  I  lis  parents  were  Judge  John  T. 
and  I'lioebe  Jane  (Finleyj  Porter,  natives  of  New  Salem,  Pa.  John  T. 
Porter  was  a  merchant  at  New  Salem  and  about  1860  removed  to 
Illinois,  and  sixteen  years  later  to  Iowa,  where  he  resided  until  i88x, 
when  he  went  to  Alabama  and  lived  at  Brewton  and  Montgomery.  He 
was  one  of  the  pioneer  sawmill  men  of  the  South.  In  1888  he  went 
to  Florida,  where  he  laid  out  the  town  of  Grand  Ridge,  and  engaged  in 
the  manufacture  of  turpentine  in  connection  with  the  lumber  business, 
and  has  since  resided  there.  During  Cleveland's  first  administration 
he  was  ajjpointed  United  States  commission  for  the  district  of  western 
Florida,  and  held  that  position  until  1909,  when  he  resigned  on  account 
of  ill  health.  Senator  Porter,  whose  name  introduces  this  review,  was 
educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Iowa,  and  after  reaching  his  majority 
engaged  in  the  luml)er  business  at  Clarinda.  Iowa,  and  is  believed  to 
have  established  the  first  yellow  pine  luml)cr  yard  in  that  State.  He 
also  engaged  in  the  grain  business  there  and  Iiad  a  branch  at  Hepburn, 
Idwa.  He  remained  in  Iowa  until  1885,  when  he  disjiosed  of  his 
l)usiness  there  and  came  to  Kansas,  engaging  in  the  lumber  business 
at  Wakeeney  as  manager  of  the  Wakeeney  Lumber  Compafty.  In  1888 
he  sold  his  interest  in  that  yard,  but  remained  at  Wakeeney  until  1890. 
when  he  located  at  Pittsburg.  Ever  since  1885  Mr.  Porter  has  been 
interested  in  Mnrida  timber  i)roperty  and  devotes  a  great  deal  of  his 
time  to  looking  after  his  vast  interests  there.  In  1893  he  became  auditor 
of  tlie  Casey-Lombard  Lumber  Company  and  later  secretary  and 
treasurer  of  that  company.  He  is  one  of  the  largest  individual  land 
and  lumber  ciwncrs  in  the  State  of  Florida,  holding  over  63.000  acres  of 
pine  land,  and  he  is  also  an  extensive  property  owner  in  Pittsburg  and 
vicinity.  In  1900  he  was  elected  State  senator  from  Pittsburg  on  the 
Republican  ticket  and  has  served  in  that  capacity  ever  since,  his  present 
and  fourth  term  in  that  office  expiring  in  1917.  Dining  that  period  Sen- 
ator Porter  has  been  active  and  influential  in  legislation.  He  introduced 
the  bill  which  pro\ided  for  manual  training  in  schools  of  Pittsburg, 
which  was  passed,  lie  also  introduced  the  bill  establishing  the  State 
Manual  Training  Normal  School,  of  Pittsburg,  which  carried  with  it  an 
ajipropriation  of  $18,000.00.  and  as  a  result  of  this  legislation  Senator 
I'oiter  is  known  as  the  father  of  the  manual   training  normal  school. 


236  ■  lilOGR.VPHICAL 

J-'oUowiiig  the  passage  of  this  bill,  the  State  in  1905  appropriated  $35,000 
for  maintenance,  and  $10,000  for  the  purchase  of  suitable  grounds  for  the 
institution,  and  Senator  Porter  was  influential  in  securing  the  appropria- 
tion of  $100,000  for  the  building  which  was  completed  in  1908.  He  has 
served  on  many  important  committees  and  for  years  has  been  chairman 
of  the  committee  on  mines  and  mining,  and  drafted  many  of  the  import- 
ant bills  in  that  field  of  legislation.  He  has  served  on  the  ways  and 
means,  assessments  and  taxation,  cities  of  the  first  class,  educational  in- 
stitutions, labor,  manufactures  and  industrial  pursuits  and  railroads  com- 
mittees. Many  important  bills  relating  to  laljor  and  labor  interests 
were  introduced  by  him.  Senator  Porter  is  a  member  of  the  Masonic 
order,  the  Knights  and  Ladies  of  Security,  Fraternal  Aid  Society,  Red 
Men  and  Anti-Horsethief  Association  and  for  a  number  of  years  has 
served  on  the  school  board  of  Pittsburg.  Mr.  Porter  was  united  in  mar- 
riage February  23.  i8cS2,  to  Miss  Anna  I.  Berry,  of  Clarinda,  Iowa. 
Three  children  have  been  born  to  this  union:  Lillian  (deceased)  ;  Harry 
Huston,  and  Harold  Berry.  The  family  are  members  of  the  Presby- 
terian church. 

Howard  R.  Burnette,  a  Comanche  county  pioneer,  who  nobly  con- 
tributed his  part  in  suliduing  the  stubborn  plains  of  the  West,  and  mak- 
ing Kansas  the  great  agricultural  empire  it  is,  passed  to  his  reward  at 
his  Comanche  county  home,  February  16,  1899.  He  was  born  on  a 
farm  in  Iowa,  October  23,  1858,  a  son  of  \\'illiam  and  Mary  (Gorgess"^ 
Burnette,  both  natives  of  Indiana.  The  father  was  born  February  29, 
1828,  and  died  at  Melville,  Mo.,  August  6,  1897,  and  the  mother  was  born 
August  17,  1832.  They  were  married  January  16,  1852,  and  nine  chil- 
dren were  born  to  this  union,  as  'follows:  Mary  Emeline,  born  Feb- 
ruary 12,  1853;  George  T.,  born  November  23,  1856;  Howard  R.,  whose 
name  introduces  this  sketch;  Charles  M.,  born  Januarv  6,  1861 ;  William, 
born  May  12,  1863;  James,  born  August  14,  1865;  John  W.,  born  May 
10,  1867;  Edward  D.,  born  October  27,  1870;  Rutie  C.  born  January  10, 
1873.  Howard  R.  Burnette  removed  with  his  parents  from  Iowa  to 
Richmond,  Mo.,  in  1867.  He  was  then  a  boy  of  nine  and  attended  the 
jnibh'c  schools  of  Ray  county,  remaining  at  home  until  1887,  when  he 
came  to  Kansas,  locating  in  Comanche  county.  He  took  up  Government 
land,  eleven  miles  east  of  Coldwatcr,  and  later  bought  additional  land, 
as  he  accummulated  capital,  until  at  the  time  of  his  death  he  owned 
1,250  acres.  His  family  has  continued  the  business  and  continued  to 
add  to  their  acreage  until  tiiey  now  own  3,600  acres,  all  in  one  body, 
wp.U  improved,  which  is  one  of  the  valuable  farms  of  the  county.  Mr. 
Bin-nctte  was  a  prominent  Democrat  and  always  took  a  commendable 
interest  in  public  affairs.  He  held  a  niunber  of  township  offices  at  dif- 
ferent times,  and  served  as  county  commissioner  of  Comanche  county, 
holding  that  office  at  the  time  of  his  death.  He  was  a  member  of  the 
Independent  Order  of  f^dd  Fellows  and  one  of  the  most  valued  citizens 


niOGRAI'IIK'AL  237 

of  the  county.  He  was  married  AFarcli  24,  i8Sf'),  to  Miss  Almira 
Ellen,  dauijhter  oi  John  and  Emerilas  (Henderson)  Jordan.  John 
Jordan  was  a  nati\e  of  Ohio,  horn  in  Jackson  county,  October 
22.  1828.  He  died  in  Warren  county,  Indiana,  February  20,  1907. 
He  was  married  September  30,  1850,  to  Emerilas  Henderson,  and  to 
them  were  born  ele\en  children,  as  follows:  Clara  Marion,  Sarah 
Maria.  William  Henry,  Charlotte,  John  C,  Emma,  Miles  L.,  Jessetta, 
Cornelius  \'.,  Olive,  and  Almira  Ellen.  To  Howard  R.  Burnette  and 
Almira  Ellen  Jordan  were  born  four  children:  Mary  E.,  l)orn  ^lay  16, 
18S9,  died  July  27,  iSSg;  l^dna  W.,  born  December  21,  1891  ;  Howard 
R..  born  October  28.  189.^.  and  John  W.,  born  Xovember  13,  1897.  The 
Burnette  family  are  well  kni:>wn  in  Comanche  county,  where  they  arc 
|ir(iminent  and  have  many  friends. 

J.  Albert  Gibson,  ])resident  of  the  Standard  Ice  i^  Fuel  Company,  of 
Pittsbursj,  Kans.,  is  a  representative  of  that  type  of  business  men  who 
have  made  southeastern  Kansas  the  great  industrial  district  that  it  is, 
and  the  Standard  Ice  &  Fuel  Company  is  one  of  the  important  enter- 
prises of  the  metropolis  of  that  section.  This  company  was  incorporated 
under  the  laws  of  Kansas.  June  26,  1903.  the  first  officers  being  J.  A. 
Gibson,  president;  James  Patmore,  vice-president,  and  M.  S.  Lanyon, 
secretary  and  treasurer.  Th.e  company  was  capitalized  at  ,$50,000.00. 
with  a  capacity  of  sixty  tons  of  ice  daily.  Mr.  ("libson  has  remained 
president  of  the  compan}^  since  its  organization,  and  at  the  death  of  Mr. 
Patmore,  Edward  Nicholas  succeeded  to  the  vice  presidency  and  at 
the  retirement  of  Mr.  Lanyon.  J.  T.  Stewart  became  secretary  and 
treasurer  and  now  holds  that  position.  The  business  of  the  company 
has  been  successful  from  the  start  and  the  management  has  shown  keen 
foresight  and  capability,  .^n  important  i)art  of  their  business  is  the 
icing  of  railway  refrigerator  cars.  They  furnish  large  quantities  of  ice, 
by  yearly  contract,  to  the  leading  refrigerator  lines  of  the  country  which 
pass  over  the  railroads  entering  Pittsburg.  Tn  1909  their  business  had 
grown  to  such  an  extent  that  it  was  necessary  to  erect  an  additional 
plant  I  Ml  the  line  <<i  the  Kansas  City  Southern  Railway.  This  is  known 
as  "Plant  Xo.  2."  and  has  a  capacity  of  75  tons  per  day  and 
the  total  output  of  their  two  plants  is  135  tons  daily,  and  they  have  a 
storage  capacity  of  al)oul  5.000  tons.  J.  .Mbert  Gibson  was  born  in 
Richfield.  \\'asliington  county,  Illinois,  September  15,  1870.  He  is  a 
son  of  Samuel  B.  and  Sarah  C.  (Hussey)  Gibson,  the  former  a  native 
of  Illinois,  and  the  latter  of  Ohio.  In  1880  the  Gibson  family  came  to 
Kansas,  locating  on  a  farm  near  Cherokee,  Crawford  county.  Here  J 
Albert  liegan  his  educational  career  in  the  district  school  and  later  at- 
tended the  Kansas  Xormal  .School,  at  Fort  .Scott,  and  in  1891-2  he  took 
a  course  in  Bryant  &  .Stratton's  Commercial  College,  Chicago.  111.  Me 
then  returned  tn  Pittsburg  and  accepted  a  position  as  bookkeeper  in 
the   Xalinnal    l!;ink  nf  Pittsburg,  remaining  in   that    capacity   until    i8()6. 


238  niaGRAPIIICAL 

when  he  resigned  to  engage  in  the  grain  and  milling  business,  as  a  mem- 
l)er  of  the  firm  of  John  R.  McKim  &  Co.  He  was  thus  engaged  for  four 
years  when  he  disposed  of  liis  interest  in  that  business  and  again  en- 
tered the  employ  of  the  National  Bank  of  Pittsburg,  as  teller  and  for 
five  years  was  connected  with  the  bank  in  that  capacity.  During  this 
time  he  promoted  and  organized  the  Standard  Ice  &  Fuel  Company  and, 
as  above  stated,  became  its  first  president.  However,  he  continued  to 
hold  liis  position  in  the  bank  until  1004,  when  he  resigned,  and  since  that 
time  has  given  the  affairs  of  the  Standard  Ice  &  Fuel  Company  his  un- 
divided attention.  He  is  interested  in  the  First  State  Bank  of  Pitts- 
burg, and  is  a  member  of  the  board  of  directors  of  that  institution.  In 
addition  to  his  industrial  and  commercial  activity,  Mr.  Gibson  takes  a 
prominent  part  in  the  public  affairs  of  his  city  and  county.  Politically, 
he  is  a  Republican,  and  in  1912  was  elected  a  member  of  the  legislature 
from  the  Twenty-first  district  and  was  active  and  influential  in  the 
legislation  of  that  session.  He  was  a  member  of  the  legislative  com- 
mittees on  cities  of  the  first  class,  judiciary,  manufacturing,  mines  and 
mining,  judicial  apportionment  and  public  utilities  and  was  the  author 
of  some  important  legislation  now  on  the  statute  books  of  the  State, 
and  in  1914  was  elected  to  succeed  himself.  Mr.  Gibson  was  united  in 
marriage,  March  23,  1894,  to  Miss  Eva,  daughter  of  A.  and  Mary  Bell 
(Hyndman)  Burns.  The  Burns  family  came  from  Sparta,  111.,  to  Kansas 
in  1882  and  settled  in  Crawford  county.  The  father  was  a  furniture 
mercliant  in  Illinois,  and  came  to  Kansas  for  his  health  and  engaged  in 
farming.  He  served  two  terms  as  county  treasurer  of  Crawford  county 
and  was  mayor  of  Girard  one  term.  He  is  now  living  retired  at  Girard. 
Mrs.  Gibson  was  born  at  Sparta,  111.,  and  educated  in  the  public  schools 
of  Kansas,  graduating  from  the  Beulah  High  School  and  later  graduated 
from  the  State  Normal  School,  at  Emporia,  and  taught  school  for  a  few 
years  in  Crawford  county.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Gibson  have  been  born 
three  children :  Helen  Claire,  a  graduate  of  the  State  Manual  Training 
College,  Pittsburg,  where  she  specialized  in  music ;  Eva  Louise,  a  .grad- 
uate of  the  Pittsburg  Hi.gh  School,  now  a  student  in  the  State  Manual 
Training  College,  and  Grant  Burns.  Mr.  Gibson  is  a  Mason  and  a 
member  of  the  Mystic  Shrine,  the  Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of 
Elks  and  the  United  Commercial  Travelers.  The  family  are  members 
of  the  United  Presbyterian  church,  of  which  Mr.  Gibson  is  an  elder. 

Ralph  Warren  Scott,  proprietor  of  the  "Rafe-Will  Ranch."  near 
Mayo,  Comanche  county,  is  one  of  the  largest  ranch  owners  and  most 
extensive  cattle  men  in  southwestern  Kansas.  Mr.  Scott  is  a  native  of 
Ne\y  Jersey,  born  on  a  farm  near  Trenton,  August  5,  1857.  He  is  a  son 
of  Howell  H.  and  Jane  F.  (Harding)  Scott.  Howell  H.  Scott  was  also 
a  native  of  New  Jersey,  born  October  20,  1830.  on  the  same  place,  near 
Trenton,  of  New  Jersey  parentage.  He  was  a  farmer  and  a  man  of  a 
srreat  deal  of  natural  abilitv.     He  was  a  close  student  and  a  keen  ob- 


BIOGRAPHICAL  239 

server  of  the  affairs  of  every-day  life,  and  a  well  posted  man  His  wife, 
Jane  F.  Harding^,  was  a  daiipjhter  of  Ezekiel  and  Elizabeth  (Fisher) 
Harding,  the  former  of  French  and  the  latter  of  Irish  extraction.  She 
was  born  in  New  Jersey,  September  8,  1829.  and  died  at  Timber  I^ake, 
Okla.,  May  27.  1906.  She  and  her  husband  were  both  earnestly  religious 
and  lived  consistent  Christian  lives.  They  were  the  parents  of  seven 
children,  as  follows:  John  N.,  born  February  22,  1854.  retired  farmer 
and  minister,  Paul's  Valley,  Okla.,  married  Belle  Sterling  and  they  have 
six  children.  Stanley,  Chester,  Nellie,  Kessie.  Anna  and  Marion;  Abel 
Elliott,  born  March  14.  1855,  farmer,  Elewellyn,  Neb.,  married  Salome 
Vances.  and  they  have  three  children.  Ralph  W'.,  Lilla  and  Eena  ;  Ralph 
U'arren.  the  subject  of  this  sketch  ;  Mary  Isabel,  born  April  7.  1861, 
married  Otto  Farmer,  who  died  May  20.  1893.  leaving  five  children, 
Gertrude,- Anna  May,  Howell  Scott,  Martha  and  Lilla;  \\'illiam  Ferdi- 
nand, born  February  22.  1863,  married  Ethel  Richey,  and  they  have  two 
children,  Genevieve,  born  August  30.  1903.  and  Mary  Etta,  born  March 
28.  1907;  Lizzie,  born  May  20.  1865,  died  October  24.  1872,  and  Josephine 
Johnson,  born  May  20.  1871.  married  Robert  W.  Bell,  and  they  have 
four  children,  Margaret,  Helen,  Daisy  and  Norman.  Ralph  Warren 
Scott  was  reared  in  Illinois,  where  the  family  had  removed  when  he  was 
a  child,  and  educated  in  Ihc  public  schools  of  that  State  and  Illinois 
Wesleyan  University.  In  1878  he  came  to  Kansas,  where  he  remained 
a  short  time,  when  he  went  west  and  was  engaged  in  the  mercantile 
business  in  Colorado  and  New  Mexico,  and  was  also  interested  in  pros- 
pecting in  that  country  for  fifteen  years.  He  met  with  remarkable  suc- 
cess in  his  enterprises  and  prospered.  In  1893.  when  the  Chernkcc  strip 
was  opened,  he  took  a  claim  in  \\'oods  county.  Oklahoma,  and  in  1899 
he  and  his  brother.  William  F..  came  to  Kansas  and  bought  8.000  acres 
of  land  in  Comanche  county,  and  engaged  in  the  cattle  business  on  an 
extensive  scale.  The  ranch  derives  its  name  froin  the  clever  combina- 
tion of  the  nicknames  of  the  two  brothers,  Ralph  and  William,  which 
is  of  itself  unique.  This  is  one  of  the  largest  and  best  equipped  cattle 
ranches  in  the  country.  The  ranch  is  stocked  with  Hereford  cattle,  and 
there  is  never  less  than  i.ooo  head  on  the  place.  They  also  raise  great 
numbers  of  horses  and  swine.  The  partnership  between  the  two 
brothers  continued  uninterruptedly  until  1914,  when  Ralph  i)urchascd 
the  interest  of  William,  the  latter  removing  to  Bentnnville.  /\rk..  where 
he  engaged  in  business  an<l  R;ilph  is  now  the  sole  owner  and  proj)rictor 
of  the  "Rafe-Will  Ranch."  Raljih  ^V.  Scott,  whose  name  introduces 
this  review,  was  united  in  marriage  al  .Vnthony.  Kans.,  October  15.  1896, 
to  Miss  Loretta.  daughter  of  I'rederick  and  Phoeba  (Carder)  Merck,  na- 
tives of  Gcrmanv.  The  father  came  to  America  at  the  age  of  eighteen 
and  spent  his  life  in  the  mercantile  business.  He  died  December  20, 
1907.  Mrs.  Scott  was  born  at  Millersburg,  Iowa,  November  23.  1869. 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Scott  have  no  children.     Mr.  Scott  is  a  Democrat  and  has 


240  BIOGRAPHICAL 

been  a  member  of  the  board  of  county  commissioners  of  Comanche 
county  since  1896.  In  addition  to  his  vast  individual  interests,  Mr.  Scott 
is  active  in  a  number  of  other  enterprises.  He  is  a  director  of  the 
Farmers  &  Bankers'  Life  Insurance  Company  of  Kansas,  and  president 
of  the  Peoples'  State  Bank  of  Coldwater.  Both  he  and  his  wife  are 
members  of  the  Alethodist  Episcopal  church,  and  are  active  in  the  work 
of  the  local  cong^regation. 

Addison  Baker,  registrar  of  deeds  of  Clark  county,  has  been  a  promi- 
nent factor  in  the  public  affairs  of  that  county  for  over  thirty  years.  He 
was  born  at  Amelia,  Ohio,  December  23,  1848.  and  is  a  son  of  Benjamin 
J.  and  Lucy  (White)  Baker,  the  father  a  native  of  Harrisburg.  Pa.,  born 
September  18,  1822.  of  Pennsylvania  parents.  He  was  a  carpenter  and 
millwright  and  followed  that  line  of  work  throughout  life,  e.xcept  dur- 
ing the  Civil  war.  when  he  served  as  sergeant  of  Company  C,  One 
Hundred  and  Seventy-fifth  Ohio  infantry.  To  Benjamin  J.  and  Lucy 
(^^'hite)  Baker  were  born  three  children,  as  follows:  Addison  Baker, 
the  subject  of  this  sketch;  John  Ross,  born  in  1850,  now  a  farmer  at 
Cuba,  Ohio,  and  Frederick  M.,  born  in  1833,  and  now  resides  at  Cincin- 
nati. Ohio.  The  mother  died  in  1855,  and  the  father  married  Susan 
^^'olf  and  eight  children  were  born  to  this  union :  Phoebe.  Amanda, 
Leonora.  Mattie,  Hattie,  Alma,  Grant,  and  Waldo,  all  of  whom  reside  in 
Ohio,  except  Grant,  who  is  deceased.  The  father  died  at  Greenfield. 
Ohio,  .'September  16.  1903.  He  was  a  very  religious  man  and  lived  a 
consistent  Christian  life.  Addison  Baker  received  his  education  in  the 
])ublic  schools  of  Clinton  county,  (^hio.  and  at  the  age  of  eighteen  en- 
tered the  employ  of  a  mercantile  house  at  Midland.  Ohio,  where  he  was 
a  clerk  and  served  as  postmaster  for  four  years,  when  he  engaged  in 
farming  in  that  county  for  a  few  years.  In  1872  he  engaged  in  carpenter 
work  and-contracting,  which  he  followed  until  1878,  when  he  entered  the 
employ  of  a  gas  company  and  was  thus  engaged  for  a  few  years.  In 
1886  he  came  to  Kansas  and  located  on  Government  land  in  the  western 
part  of  Clark  county.  The  country  was  new  and  sparsely  settled  at  that 
time  and  he  met  with  the  \arious  vicissitudes  incident  to  early  life  on  the 
plain,  and  for  tlie  first  nine  years  he  lived  in  a  dugout  and  was  engaged 
in  farming  and  cattle  raising  and  met  witli  a  fair  degree  of  success. 
.Since  coming  to  Clark  county  he  has  taken  an  active  part  in  politics  and 
public  affairs  and  is  a  strong  advocate  of  the  policies  and  principles  of 
the  Republican  party.  In  1896  he  was  nominated  by  his  party  for  the 
office  of  clerk  of  the  district  court  and  was  elected  and  was  twice  re- 
elected to  that  office,  serving  eight  years.  In  1910  he  was  elected 
registrar  of  deeds  of  Clark  county  and  re-elected  in  191 2  and  has  capably 
filled  that  office.  He  has  also  held  various  township  offices,  and  served 
si.x  years  as  a  member  of  the  .\shland  school  board  and  for  the  same 
length  of  time  was  a  member  of  the  city  council.  Mr.  Baker  was  mar- 
ried at  Wcstboro.  Ohio.  October  13.  1870,  to  Miss  .Anna  D..  daughter  of 


niOGRAI'lIICAL  241 

William  and  Ann  (Carter)  Tloliday,  a  native  of  Clinton  county,  Ohio, 
born  February  8,  1852.  Her  parents  were  also  natives  of  Ohio.  To  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Baker  have  been  born  nine  children :  Clarence,  born  July  20, 
1871,  died  July  25,  1871 ;  Francis  A.,  born  September  10,  1872,  married 
Mary  Johnson.  December  20,  1902;  I.ucy,  born  May  20.  1874,  died  May 
20.  1875;  Mette,  born  November  3,  1877,  married  Thad  Iledrick  in  igo2, 
and  they  have  six  children,  Dcvillc.  \'erona,  Robert,  Carl,  Anna  and 
Dorothy;  Clayton,  born  December  20,  1880,  married  Minnie  Knox,  and 
they  have  five  children,  Aneas,  Cleo,  Emily,  Ona  and  Eva,  the  latter 
two  bcinij  twins;  William  Asa,  born  July  29.  1884,  married  Maud  Ken- 
nedy, July  4,  191 1,  and  they  have  one  child,  Margaret  Anna;  Vernon  E., 
born  November  i.  1886;  John  Harrison,  born  May  29,  1890,  and  Walter 
E.,  born  September  14.  1891.  ^^'iIIiam  .\sa  and  Walter  E.  are  .e;raduates 
of  tlie  Southwestern  Colletje  of  Winfield,  Kans.  Mr.  Raker  and  family 
are  members  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church  and  he  is  a  trustee  of 
the  local  church  orsfanization  and  active  in  the  work  of  the  concjrega- 
tion.     He  has  been  superintendent  of  the  Sunday  school  since  1897. 

Nathan  Lindley,  i)resident  of  The  Farmers'  State  Bank  of  Protection, 
Kans..  and  lur  over  tiiirty  years  one  of  the  successful  farmers  of 
Comanche  cou^t^^  is  a  nati\e  of  the  Hoosier  State.  He  was  born  on  a 
farm  in  Bartholomew  county,  Indiana,  August  5.  1855,  and  is  a  son  of 
Charles  ,and  Zil])ha  (Cox)  Lindley.  both  natives  of  Indiana.  The 
father  was  born  in  Orange  county  in  1826.  He  made  farming  his  life 
vocation  in  his  nati\e  State,  where  he  died  October  8,  1893.  He  was 
twice  married,  his  first  wife,  Zilpha  Cox,  died  in  1863,  leaving  five  chil- 
dren, as  follows:  Isaac  C.  Nathan,  the  subject  of  this  sketch;  Mary 
F...  Sarah  A.,  and  Charles  E.  His  second  wife  was  Elizabeth  Morris 
and  to  this  marriage  were  born  three  children:  William  P.,  Zilpha  and 
Robert.  The  mother  died  in  1904.  Nathan  Lindley  was  reared  to 
manhood  in  Indiana,  and  received  his  education  in  the  public  schools. 
In  1884  he  came  to  Kansas,  locating  on  Government  land  in  Comanche 
county,  near  where  the  town  of  Protection  is  now  located.  He  has  since 
resided  on  his  original  homestead,  to  which  he  has  added,  from  time  to 
time,  imtil  he  now  owns  2,500  acres  of  well  imjiroved  land.  He  also 
owns  considerable  farm  jjroperty  in  Oklahoma.  He  is  one  of  the  ex- 
tensive stock  men  of  Comanche  county,  raising  large  numbers  of  cattle, 
hogs  and  horses,  as  well  as  carrying  on  dixersified  farming  on  a  large 
scale.  Mr.  Lindley  has  always  taken  a  keen  interest  in  public  affairs 
and  is  a  staunch  supporter  of  the  Republican  party,  but  has  never  as- 
pired to  hold  public  office.  He  has  many  other  interests  in  various  en- 
terprises in  ad(litir)n  to  farming.  He  was  one  of  the  organizers  of  the 
I'armcrs'  State  P>ank  of  Protection,  which  is  one  of  the  substantial 
financial  institutions  of  the  county,  and  in  1914  he  became  its  president 
and  now  holds  that  position. 


242  BIUfiRAPHICAL 

Hon.  Andrew  J.  Curran,  district  judge  of  the  judicial  district,  com- 
prising Crawford  county,  has  been  a  resident  of  southeastern  Kansas 
since  childhood.  Judge  Curran  was  born  at  South  Haven,  Mich.,  Sep- 
tember 29,  1865,  and  is  a  son  of  John  and  Eliza  (Judge)  Curran,  the 
former  a  native  of  Count}'  Down,  Ireland,  and  the  latter  of  the  Province 
of  Ontario,  Canada.  The  father  was  a  millwright  in  early  life,  but  later 
devoted  his  life  to  agricultural  pursuits.  In  1871  the  family  removed 
to  Crawford  county,  Kansas,  but  Andrew  J.  remained  in  his  native  State, 
where  he  attended  the  public  schools  until  1875,  when  he  came  to  Kansas 
and  entered  the  Kansas  Normal  School,  at  Fort  Scott,  where  he  was 
graduated  in  the  class  of  1888.  He  then  taught  school  for  three  or  four 
j^ears,  during  which  time  he  was  principal  of  the  Litchfield  and  Cherokee 
public  schools.  During  the  time  that  he  was  engaged  in  teaching,  he 
was  also  reading  law  during  vacations  and  at  spare  times  during  the 
school  years.  In  1893  he  matriculated  in  the  law  department  of  the 
University  of  Michigan,  at  Ann  Arbor,  Mich.,  and  was  graduated  in  the 
class  of  1895,  with  the  degree  of  Bachelor  of  Laws.  He  then  came  to 
Pittsburg,  Kans.,  and  engaged  in  the  practice  of  law  and  shortly  after- 
ward became  associated  with  his  brother,  John  P.  Curran,  a  personal 
sketch  of  whom  appears  elsewhere  in  this  volume,  and  the  firm  of  Cur- 
ran &  Curran  soon  became  thoroughly  established  and  well  known  in 
the  legal  world  of  southeastern  Kansas.  Judge  Curran  has  ever  been 
an  untiring  student  of  the  law,  and  his  well  balanced  judicial  mind  emi- 
nently qualifies  him  for  the  responsible  judicial  position  which  he  holds. 
In  the  fall  of  1914  he  was  elected  to  succeed  himself  after  a  spirited  and 
hard  fought  campaign  and  the  decisive  majority  with  which  he  was  re- 
elected bears  ample  testimony  of  how  the  electors  of  Crawford  county 
regard  his  administration  of  the  high  office  which  he  holds.  Crawford 
county,  with  its  remarkable  industrial  activity,  is  unusual  in  the  amount 
of  court  lousiness  disposed  of  each  year,  and  Judge  Curran's  position  in 
the  disposal  of  this  vast  amoimt  of  business  is  quite  unusual  in  the 
State  of  Kansas,  inasmuch  as  he  is  almost  continually  on  the  bench  and 
from  observations  of  the  courts  throughout  the  State  it  is  a  conservative 
estimate  to  say  that  Judge  Curran  is,  no  doubt,  the  hardest  worked  dis- 
trict judge  in  the  State  of  Kansas.  The  dispatch  with  which  he  handles 
the  vast  amount  of  business  in  his  court  would  be  a  worthy  object  les- 
son for  many  of  the  courts  with  congested  dockets  in  the  larger  cities 
throughout  the  country.  Judge  Curran  was  married  December  24, 
1908,  to  Miss  Margaret  M.,  daughter  of  Stephen  P.  and  Susannah  Rain, 
of  Crawford  county,  Kansas.  Mrs.  Curran  is  a  native  of  Illinois  and 
came  to  Crawford  county  with  her  parents  when  a  child,  where  she  was 
reared  and  educated  in  the  public  schools.  She  is  also  a  graduate  of 
St.  Joseph's  College,  Dubuque,  Iowa,  and  of  the  State  Manual  Training 
College,  of  Pittsburg,  Kans.,  and  for  a  number  of  years  prior  to  her  mar- 


BIOGRAPHICAL  243 

riage  taught  in  the  high  school  of  Pittsburg.  Judge  Curran  is  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Renevoleiit  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks. 

John  R.  Morton,  a  well  known  successful  stockman  of  Comanche 
county,  is  a  native  of  Missouri.  He  was  born  on  a  farm  in  Saline 
county,  Jul)'  31,  1877,  a  son  of  John  R.  and  Sarah  .\.  (Plazel)  Morton,  the 
former  born  in  Poonc  county,  Missouri.  January  4.  1839.  His  wife, 
.'^arah  Hazel,  was  also  a  native  of  Missouri,  born  in  Cooper  county,  in 
1844.  The  father  was  engaged  in  the  mercantile  business  in  early  life 
for  a  number  of  years  at  Gillham.  IVIo.,  and  came  to  Kansas  in  1884  and 
engaged  in  the  mercantile  business  at  the  old  town  of  Red  P)luff,  which 
is  now  a  part  of  Protection.  He  was  one  of  the  pioneer  merchants  there, 
and  he  also  took  up  Government  land,  near  Protection.  Tn  1904  he 
went  to  Oklahoma,  locating  at  Woodward,  where  he  engaged  in  the  mer- 
cantile business  and  also  invested  quite  extensively  in  land  in  that  sec- 
tion. \\'hile  a  resident  of  Comanche  county  he  was  prominent  in  local 
affairs,  having  served  on  the  board  of  county  commissioners  for  six 
years  To  John  R..  Sr.,  and  Sarah  A.  (Hazel)  Morton  were  born  nine 
children,  as  follows:  Emma,  born  Julv  9.  i86fi;  Joseph  H.  H.,  born 
April  4,  1870;  Warren  P.,  born  June  29,  1874;  John  R.,  the  subject  of 
this  sketch;  Sarah  E..  born  July  11,  1881 ;  Rolla  H.,  born  September  7, 
1884;  Robert  E.,  Hazel,  and  an  infant,  deceased.  The  wife  and  mother 
of  these  children  died  in  1S87  and  the  father  married  for  his  second  wife, 
Miss  Alice  Alexander,  and  they  had  three  children  :  Mildred,  Olive  and 
Augusta.  The  father  died  at  Woodward,  Okla.,  June  8,  1910.  John  R. 
Morton,  whose  name  introduces  this  review,  was  six  years  old  when 
his  parents  removed  to  Comanche  county  in  1884.  He  attended  the 
public  schools  and  later  graduated  at  the  Salina  Normal  School,  and 
served  one  year  as  clerk  in  a  law  office.  In  1904  he  bought  a  large 
farm,  four  miles  east  of  Protection,  w'hcre  he  has  since  been  successfully 
engaged  in  stock  raising  and  diversified  farming.  Pie  raises  Hereford 
cattle  extensively  and  is  one  of  the  progressive  farmers  and  stockmen 
of  that  section.  Mr.  morton  was  married  October  7,  1900,  to  Miss  Laura 
R.,  daughter  of  Mansel  and  Elizabeth  P>arnes,  pioneer  settlers  of 
Comanche  county.  Mrs.  Morton  was  born  in  Phelps  county,  Missouri, 
August  28.  1882.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Morton  have  been  born  six  children: 
Hazel  E.,  born  August  21.  1901;  Mansel  Ray,  born  February  26,  1905; 
Margaret  Lorene,  born  January  13,  1907;  Orlando  Homer,  born  June  23, 
1910;  Viola  Pauline,  born  January  6,  1913,  and  .Audrey  Christina,  horn 
Xovember  15,  1914. 

Charles  W.  Sherman,  chairman  of  the  board  of  county  commissioners 
of  ("onianche  count}',  is  an  early  settler  of  that  county  and  has  been 
pri>mincntly  identified  with  its  affairs  for  over  thirty  years.  He  is  a 
native  oi  Ohio,  born  on  a  farm  in  Delaware  county,  May  3,  1856,  and 
is  a  son  of  Ira  and  Soi)hia  (Reach)  Sherman.  The  father  was  also  a  na- 
tive of  Ohio,  born  in  Licking  county,  and  comes  from  an  old  Ohio  family 


244  BIOGIt.\PHICAL 

and  is  a  distant  relative  of  Gen.  W.  T.  Sherman,  whose  career  is  well 
known  to  every  one  familiar  \\4th  American  history.  Sophia  Beach  was 
a  native  of  Lewis  coimty,  New  York,  and  belonged  to  an  old  Xew  York 
family.  The  father  died  in  1873  and  the  mother  in  1904.  They  were 
the  parents  of  four  children,  as  follows :  Edward  Beach,  born  in  1852, 
died  in  infancy;  Charles  A\*.,  the  subject  of  this  sketch;  Lucy  Jane  (de- 
ceased), and  Josiah  R.,  a  farmer  in  Major  county,  Oklahoma.  Charles 
W".  Sherman  was  reared  in  his  native  State  to  the  age  of  eight  years, 
when  his  parents  removed  to  Cumberland  county,  Illinois.  Here  he 
grew  to  manhood  and  attended  the  public  schools  and  in  1885  came  to 
Kansas,  locating  on  Government  land  in  Comanche  county,  about  ten 
miles  south  of  Protection.  He  followed  farming  tnitil  1891.  when  he 
was  elected  registrar  of  deeds  of  Comanche  count)',  holding  that  office 
fottr  years,  when  he  again  engaged  in  farming,  and  is  one  of  the  success- 
ful farmers  and  stockmen  of  the  county.  He  owns  over  1,000  acres  of 
well  improved  land,  much  of  which  is  under  a  high  state  of  cultivation. 
He  raises  cattle,  horses  and  mules  on  a  large  scale  and  has  prospered. 
He  is  a  student  of  the  science  of  agriculture  and  one  of  the  best  posted 
men  in  his  section.  In  1912  he  was  elected  a  member  of  the  board  of 
county  commissioners  for  a  term  of  four  years.  Mr.  Sherman  has  been 
twice  married.  On  February  2,  1882,  he  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss 
Ann  Rains,  who  died  November  28,  1884.  Xo  children  were  born  to 
to  this  tinion.  On  April  20.  1898,  Mr.  Sherman  was  married  to  Aliss 
Martha  L.  Bolar.  Four  children  were  born  to  this  union,  as 
follows :  Roger  Harry,  Robert  K.,  Grace  Fay  and  Charles  Glenn.  Mr. 
Sherman  is  a  member  of  the  IMasonic  lodge,  the  Independent  Order 
of  Odd  Fellows,  the  Knights  of  Pythias  and  the  Society  of  Friends. 

Charles  Lincoln  King,  a  prosperous  and  progressive  farmer  and  stock- 
man of  Clark  county,  Kansas,  is  a  native  of  Illinois.  He  was  born  at 
Toulon,  111,,  September  26,  1864.  and  is  a  son  of  ^lilton  P.  and  Mary 
Ann  (Lucas)  King.  The  father  was  a  Kentuckian,  born  in  Estelle 
county,  Kentucky.  January  24,  1818,  of  Virginia  parents.  He  removed 
to^  Illinois  in  1838.  locating  in  Stark  county.  Six  years  later  he  was 
ordained  a  minister  in  the  Christian  church  and  was  one  of  the  pioneer 
preachers  of  Illinois.  In  Xovember,  1864,  he  removed  to  Keokuk,  Iowa, 
and  in  1898  went  to  Denver,  Colo.,  where  he  died  Xovember  5,  1902.  He 
had  been  retired  from  the  ministry  several  years.  He  married  Mary 
Ann  Lucas,  January  17,  1855.  She  was  a  native  of  Mercer  county, 
Pennsylvania,  born  June  3,  1829,  and  a  daughter  of  B.  F.  and  Eliza 
Lucas,  natives  of  Pennsylvania.  She  was  the  youngest  of  a  family  of 
nineteen  children.  To  Alilton  P.  and  Mary  Ann  (Lucas)  King  were 
born  nine  children,  as  follows:  Mary  Elizabeth,  born  December  15, 
1835;  Cyrus  F.,  born  July  3.  1857;  David,  died  in  infancy;  ^^'illiam,  died 
in  infancy;  Frank  Eugene,  born  February  20,  1859;  ]\Iilton  P.,  born  De- 
cember ID,  1862;  Charles  Lincoln,  the  subject  of  this  sketch ;  Luella  Jane, 


BIOGRAPIIICAI,  245 

born  January  26,  1867,  and  Etta  E.,  born  December  8,  1869,  died  Octo- 
ber 29,  1902.  Charles  Lincoln  King  came  to  Kansas  in  1884  and  the 
following  year  located  on  Government  land  in  the  fertile  Bluff  valley, 
in  Clark  county,  which  has  since  been  his  home.  He  engaged  in  farm- 
ing and  stock  raising  and  prospered  and  now  has  one  of  the  best  im- 
proved farms  in  that  section  of  the  country.  He  was  one  of  the  first 
settlers  in  Clark  county  and  has  kept  fully  abreast  with  the  development 
of  the  country  and  has  taken  an  active  part  in  local  public  affairs.  He 
is  a  leader  in  modern  agricultural  methods  and  active  in  farmers'  insti- 
tute work  and  is  a  practical  modern  farmer.  He  feeds  cattle  and  is  a 
successful  breeder  of  Poland  China  swine.  Politically,  he  is  a  Republi- 
can and  has  held  various  local  offices  of  trust  and  responsibility,  hav- 
ing been  justice  of  the  peace  for  the  last  twenty  years.  Mr.  King  was 
married  at  Ashland,  Kans..  January  26,  1886,  to  Miss  Emma  A.  Mc- 
Donald, and  they  have  four  children,  as  follows :  Charles  C,  born  De- 
cember 30,  1886.  married  Rosanna  Robeland,  April  10,  1914 ;  Alinnie  L., 
born  May  13,  1890,  educated  in  the  Kansas  State  Agricultural  College, 
Manhattan,  married  R.  B.  Coalscott,  November  3,  1913;  Nellie  L.,  born 
November  30,  1892,  educated  in  the  Kansas  State  Agricultural  College, 
Manhattan,  and  Maud  L.,  born  March  5,  1893.  Charles  Lincoln  King 
is  one  of  the  substantial  men  of  Clark  county,  and  has  contributed  his 
part  toward  making  that  county  the  wealthiest  in  the  State  per  capita. 
The  King  family  are  members  of  the  Christian  church  and  prominent 
in  the  cnmmunitw 

Andrew  Dunham  Walker,  of  Holton,  Kans.,  has  been  a  ])romiuent 
factor  in  the  industrial.  ])olitical  and  social  development  of  Kansas,  for 
over  forty  }ears.  He  is  a  native  of  Ohio,  born  at  Greenfield,  Highland 
county,  September  25,  1848.  He  comes  from  stiu-dy  Scotch  ancestors, 
who,  with  the  courage  characteristic  of  that  race,  braved  the  storms  of 
ocean  and  the  vicissitudes  of  life  in  the  new  world,  and  established  a 
home  in  the  wilds  of  \'irginia,  nearly  three  hundred  years  ago.  The 
Walker  family  was  founded  in  America  by  John  Walker,  a  native  of 
Wigton,  .Scotland,  who  left  his  native  land  in  1680,  and  went  to  Ireland, 
where  he  remained  until  1726.  when  he,  with  his  wife  and  children,  and 
three  of  his  brother  Alexander's  children,  immigrated  to  America, 
locating  in  Chester  county.  Pennsylvania.  Shortly  afterwards  most  of 
the  family  removed  to  Virginia,  and  John  Walker  was  contcm]ihitiug 
such  a  move  when  he  died  in  1734.  He  married  Katlierine  Riuiierford, 
a  native  of  Scotland,  born  on  the  banks  of  the  River  Tweed.  She  was  a 
daughter  of  John  and  Isabella  (.Mlein)  Rutherford.  She  died  in  1738, 
and  they  were  both  buried  at  Nottingham  Meeting  House,  Chester 
coimty,  Pennsylvania.  .Xndrcw  1 ).  Walker,  the  subject  of  this  review, 
is  a  son  of  John  Unwell  and  Margaret  I'.ay  (Elliott)  Walker,  both  natives 
of  Virginia.  Jnhn  IJnwill  Walker  was  horn  in  Rockbridge  county,  Vir- 
ginia, December  >),  1805.     lie  was  a  son  of  John  and  Sally   (Crawford") 


246  BIOGRAPHICAL 

A\'alker,  tlie  former  born  in  Rockbridge  county  about  1764.  and  married 
Sally  Crawford,  in  1797.  He  was  a  school  teacher,  and  lived  on  \\'alker 
Creek,  \'a.  (a  stream  which  took  its  name  from  the  W'alker  family).  He 
remained  there  until  1814,  when  he  removed  to  Ohio  with  his  wife  and 
family.  They  settled  in  the  wilderness,  on  the  then,  extreme  frontier, 
near  Xew  Petersburg,  Highland  county,  Ohio.  Here,  John  Walker  and 
his  wife  spent  their  lives.  He  died  in  1825,  and  his  wife's  death  occurred 
three  years  later.  This  John  W'alker  was  a  direct  descendant,  being  a 
grand  nephew  of  John  Walker,  of  Scotland,  above  mentioned,  who  was 
the  founder  of  the  family  in  America.  John  Howell  Walker,  the  father 
of  Andrew  D.  Walker,  was  born  December  9,  1805.  in  Rockbridge  county, 
\irginia,  and  spent  his  life  in  Ohio,  after  coming  to  that  State  with 
his  parents.  He  was  prominent  in  Highland  county  and  lived  an  unright 
life.  He  was  a  strict  adherent  to  the  Presbyterian  faith  of  his  Scotch 
ancestors,  and  was  a  strong  anti-slavery  and  Union  man,  and  the  fact 
that  nine  of  his  sons  and  sons-in-law,  bore  arms  in  defense  of  the  Union, 
during  the  Civil  war,  was  one  of  the  gratifications  of  his  life.  John 
Howell  Walker  and  Margaret  Bay  Elliott  were  married  August  2,  1830, 
and  thirteen  children  were  born  to  this  union,  as  follows :  Phoebe  Jane, 
married  John  Tudor,  Highland  county,  Ohio;  Sallie,  married  Louis  P. 
Tudor,  who  served  in  the  Civil  war,  now  deceased;  William  Elliott,  mar- 
ried Mary  Strain,  Greenfield,  Ohio,  a  Civil  war  veteran,  now  deceased ; 
Thomas  Alexander,  married  Mary  Jane  Graham  W^illiamson.  was  a 
Colonel  in  the  Ci\il  war.  and  is  now  deceased;  Hannah,  was  never  mar- 
ried, now  deceased ;  John  Crawford,  married  Katherine  Ammen,  became 
a  Captain  in  the  Civil  war,  now  deceased ;  Mary  Adeline,  married  Dr. 
Hugh  S.  Strain,  was  a  surgeon  in  the  Civil  war,  now  resides  in  Rock- 
bridge county.  \^irginia ;  Rachel  Ann.  married  Richard  L.  Patton,  who 
served  in  the  Twenty-fourth  Ohio  Battery  during  the  Civil  war,  now 
resides  at  Sabetha,  Kans. ;  James  Howell  was  a  Sergeant  in  the  Twenty- 
fourth  Ohio  battery,  died  November  8,  1864,  from  disease  contracted  in 
the  service;  Samuel  Johnston,  was  a  soldier  in  the  Civil  war;  Martha 
Ea\inia,  now  deceased,  married  William  Striblen,  who  was  a  Lieutenant 
in  the  Twenty-seventh  Regiment,  Ohio  infantry,  serving  throughout  the 
Civil  war;  Andrew  Dunham,  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  and  Joseph 
^Montgomery,  who  died  at  the  age  of  seventeen.  Andrew  Dunham 
W  alker  was  reared  on  a  farm  in  Highland  county,  Ohio,  receiving  his 
early  education  in  the  district  schools,  and  later  took  a  course  in  the 
academy  at  South  Salem,  Ohio.  In  1868,  he  came  West,  locating  in 
Douglas  county,  Illinois.  He  taught  school  there  one  year,  and  in  1872, 
came  to  Kansas,  locating  at  Holton.  His  first  venture  in  the  new  coun- 
try was  in  the  mercantile  business.  He  purchased  a  stock  of  hardware, 
and  for  one  year  was  engaged  in  the  hardware  business  at  Holton.  Mr. 
Walker  had  read  law  before  coming  to  Kansas  and  pursued  his  law 
studies  in  the  offices  of  James  H.  Lowell  and  Charles  Hayden.  In  1874, 
he  was  admitted  to  the  bar  and  engaged  in  the  practice  in  partnership 


,  BIOGRAPHICAL  247 

with  Charles  Hayden,  under  the  firm  name  of  Hajden  &  Walker.  He 
had  taken  an  active  part  in  local  politics,  since  coming  to  Jackson  county, 
and  in  1875  was  elected  clerk  of  tlit  District  Court,  being  re-elected  to 
that  office  twice,  serving  in  all  three  terms.  lie  also  served  one  term 
as  Mayor  of  llolton  during  this  time.  He  then  resumed  the  practice 
of  law  at  Holton  and  was  actively  engaged  in  the  practice  until  about 
1900.  For  a  number  of  years  he  was  in  partnership  with  James  H. 
Lowell  under  the  firm  name  of  Lowell  &  Walker.  In  i8(Sg.  he  was 
ajjpointed  by  President  Harrison,  as  a  member  of  the  committee  for 
the  distribution  and  allotment  of  the  Kickapoo  and  Pottowatamie  Indian 
lands.  Mr.  Walker  served  as  railroad  commissioner  of  Kansas  for  a 
number  of  years.  He  was  first  elected  by  the  Kansas  State  Executive 
Council  in  March,  1901,  and  re-elected  by  said  Council  in  March,  1904. 
While  serving  in  that  office,  the  law  was  changed,  making  it  elective, 
after  which  he  was  elected  for  a  term  of  two  years,  at  a  general  State 
election  in  November,  1904.  In  1880,  at  the  founding  of  Campbell  Uni- 
versity, at  Holton,  he  took  an  active  part  in  promoting  tliat  organization, 
and  served  as  president  of  the  board  of  directors  for  a  number  of  years. 
In  1884,  he  became  interested  in  the  grain  business  and  for  several  years 
was  one  of  the  most  e.xtensive  grain  dealers  in  that  section  of  the  State, 
having  elevators  at  Holton.  Dcnison,  Ontario,  and  Piancroft,  Kans.,  and 
,\rmour  and  Tate,  Xeb.  He  has  also  been  interested  in  several  of  the 
leading  financial  institutions  of  the  county.  He  was  one  of  the  organ- 
izers of  the  First  National  Bank  of  Holton.  and  was  a  member  of  the 
broad  of  directors  and  vice-president  for  a  time.  Lie  was  also  one  of  the 
organizers  of  the  Kansas  State  P>ank  of  Holton,  in  which  he  was  a 
director  a  number  of  years.  He  has  been  an  im])ortant  factor  in  the 
development  of  Jackson  county,  from  many  viewpoints.  He  founded  the 
town  of  Denison,  and  was  one  of  the  leading  ]5romoters  of  Hoyt,  Kans 
Since  coming  to  Kansas,  he  has  been  interested  in  the  great  industry  of 
the  State,  agriculture,  and  toilay  owns  several  farms,  and  is  one  of  the 
extensive  stockmen  of  the  State.  His  "Bill  Brook"  farm  is  a  model  of 
scientific  arrangement,  for  dairying  purposes,  and  is  one  of  the  best  farms 
in  Jackson  comity.  His  agricultural  interests  are  not  confined  to  Jack- 
son county,  as  he  owns  large  tracts  of  land  in  the  southwestern  ])art  of 
the  State,  in  Meade  county,  which  he  is  developing.  Mr.  Walker  is  a 
strong  advocate  of  irrigation  in  that  section  of  the  State,  and  iirobably 
has  done  more  to  develoj)  it  within  recent  years  than  any  other  man. 
He  was  married  April  3,  1875,  to  Miss  .\nna  \i.  Moore,  of  Pialdwin.  Kans. 
She  was  a  native  of  Dillsburg,  York  county,  Pennsylvania,  and  came  to 
Douglas  county.  Kansas,  with  her  parents  when  a  girl.  She  was  educated 
in  Baker  University,  and  died  April  28,  1879,  leaving  two  children  as 
follows:  Paul  Elliott,  born  August  27.  1876,  now  General  .\ltorney  for 
the  Ciiicago,  Rock   Island  &:   Pacific  Railroad  Company,  and  resides  at 


248  BIOGRArHICAI. 

Topeka,  Kans.,  and  Anna  Aloore,  born  May  28,  1878,  died  Jul}-  18,  1879. 
J\[r.  AX'alker's  second  marriage  occurred,  October  22,  1888.  to  Loula  J. 
Carr,  daughter  of  Amos  and  Sarah  (Price)  Carr,  the  former  a  native  of 
Leesburg,  \'a.,  and  the  latter  of  Carroll  county,  Ohio.  Amos. Carr  was 
a  teacher  and  surveyor,  in  early  life,  in  Leesville,  Ohio,  and  later  engaged 
in  the  mercantile  business  there,  which  he  followed  until  his  death  in 
1869.  His  wife  died  at  I.ees\  ille,  Ohio,  in  1900.  Mrs.  Walker  was  born 
at  Leesville,  Ohio,  April  24,  1867,  and  was  the  youngest  of  ten  children. 
She  came  to  Kansas  in  1885.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Walker  have  been  born 
two  children:  Josephine,  born  September  19,  1889.  She  is  a  graduate 
of  the  Holton  High  School  and  Kansas  University,  and  Sidney  Carr, 
liorn  September  26,  1893,  has  attended  the  Holton  High  School,  the 
Western  Military  Academy  at  Alton,  111.,  Kansas  University,  and  is  now 
a  student  at  Leland-Stanford  University,  Palo  Alto,  Calif.  The  \\'alker 
family  are  members  of  the  Presbyterian  church,  and  Mrs.  Walker  and 
her  daughter  belong  to  the  Daughters  of  the  American  Revolution.  Mr. 
Walker  has  been  a  life  long  Republican  and  prominent  in  the  councils 
of  that  party,  both  in  the  county  and  State.  His  fraternal  affiliations  are 
with  the  Ancient  P'ree  and  Accepted  Masons,  and  the  Independent  (Jrder 
of  Odd  Fellows. 

Isaac  Coslett,  one  of  the  first  settlers  of  Harper  county,  Kansas,  is 
a  native  of  ^\'ales,  born  August  21,  1849.  He  is  a  son  of  Thomas  and 
Mary  (Morgan)  Coslett,  both,  also,  natives  of  A\'ales,  the  father  born  in 
t8i8.  and  was  an  iron  worker  in  early  life  in  his  native  land.  In  1862, 
he  immigrated  to  America,  locating  in  Scranton,  Pa.,  where  he  remained 
until  1869,  where  he  removed  to  Pittsburgh,  Pa.,  where  he  also  followed 
the  vocation  of  an  iron  worker.  He  died  in  1888,  from  the  effect  of  an 
injury  received  in  a  steel  mill  two  years  previously,  which  rendered  him 
deaf  and  blind.  The  mother  was  born  in  1826,  and  died  in  1904.  They 
were  the  parents  of  twelve  children,  three  of  whom  died  in  infancy.  The 
others  are  as  follows:  Thomas,  born  December  18,  1847,  died  in  1912; 
Isaac,  the  subject  of  this  sketch;  Evan,  born  in  1851  ;  .\nna,  born  in  1853, 
died  in  1902;  Edward,  born  in  1855;  John,  born  in  1857;  Mary,  born  in 
1S59;  Elizabeth,  born  in  1861,  and  W'illiam,  born  in  1863.  Isaac  Coslett, 
whose  name  introduces  this  review  is  a  notable  example  of  a  self-made 
man,  and  his  success  in  life  is  due  to  his  own  unaided  efforts.  He  began 
work  as  a  puddler  in  an  iron  mill,  at  the  tender  age  of  eight,  and  followed 
that  vocation  until  he  was  twenty-nine.  In  1878  he  came  to  Kansas, 
locating  on  goxcrnment  land,  ten  miles  east  of  the  town  of  Plarper, 
Harper  county.  This  was  the  year  that  Harper  county  was  organized. 
His  original  homestead  is  still  in  his  possession,  and  he  now  owns  over 
1,000  acres  of  fine  land,  all  under  a  high  state  of  cultivation.  He  followed 
farming  and  stock  raising  until  1907,  when  he  retired  and  removed  to 
Harjjcr.  While  ^Ir.  Coslett  has  been  active  in  his  private  affairs,  in 
which  he  has  been  very  successful,  he  has  also  taken  a  keen  interest  in 
jjublic  affairs,  as  well.    He  is  a  Republican,  and  prominent  in  the  councils 


BIOGRAPHICAL  249 

of  Ilis  party  in  Harper  county.  In  1899  1'*^  ^'^''s  elected  county  commis- 
sioner, serving  one  term  of  three  years.  He  has  served  as  a  member  of 
the  Republican  County  Central  Committee,  and  has  been  a  delegate  to 
numerous  countj'  and  State  conventions.  He  served  eight  years  as 
trustee  of  Chicaskia  township,  and  held  the  office  of  justice  of  the  peace 
for  five  j'ears.  He  is  a  stockholder  in  the  Danville  State  Bank,  of  Dan- 
ville. Kans.,  and  was  one  of  the  organizers  of  The  Farmers  Alliance  In- 
surance Compan}-  of  McPherson,  Kans.,  and  has  been  one  of  its  directors 
since  1896.  This  company  is  now  rated  as  one  of  the  strongest  mutual 
fire  insurance  companies  in  the  United  States.  Mr.  Coslett  was  married 
at  Pittsburgh.  I'a..  September  3.  1872.  to  Miss  Margaret  Ann,  daughter 
of  Thomas  and  Jane  ( Reece )  Thomas,  natives  of  Wales.  Mrs.  Coslett 
was  l)orn  in  Pittsburgh.  Pa.,  February  3.  1852.  She  died  at  Harper, 
Kans.,  October  18,  1908,  mourned  by  many  friends.  She  was  a  deeply 
religious  woman,  and  lived  a  consistent  Christian  life.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Coslett  were  born  five  children:  Mary  Jane,  born  December  27,  1873, 
resides  with  her  father;  Evan,  born  April  21,  1S76,  married  Inza  Sturns, 
October  19.  1904,  and  they  have  two  children,  Ellen,  born  December  4, 
1908,  and  Velma,  born  November  6.  191 1;  \\'illiam,  born  June  2,  1880, 
married  Oscie  Grime,  July  10,  1907,  and  they  have  two  children,  Mar- 
garet Ann  and  Fern;  John  Albert,  born  December  8,  1882;  Edward  Mor- 
gan, born  September  18,  1885,  married  Rose  Doolin,  February  22,  1908, 
and  they  have  three  children.  Glen,  born  April  2,  1909;  Edward,  Jr.,  born 
May  26.  1910,  and  I'.lanche  Maxcine,  born  July  10,  191 1. 

Mr.  Coslett  is  one  of  the  substantial  men  of  Harper  county,  who  has 
made  good  and  earned  the  well  merited  success  that  has  crowned  his 
efforts.  He  is  a  Royal  .Arch  Mason,  and  a  member  of  the  Methodist 
E(»i-.i-i ipal  church. 

John  Q.  Brown,  a  ])ri)niiiient  farmer  and  stockman  of  Xorthern  Kan- 
sas, is  a  native  of  Illinois.  He  was  born  in  Pike  county,  October  13.  1848, 
and  is  a  son  of  Henry  R.  and  Elizabeth  J.  (Chapman)  Brown,  the  former 
a  native  of  Ohio  and  the  latter  of  South  Carolina.  The  father  was  exten- 
sively engaged  in  farming  and  stock  raising  in  Illinois,  until  the  time  of 
his  death  in  1903.  Henry  R.  Brown  was  of  English  descent,  his  father, 
William  Brown,  being  a  native  of  London  ,uh1  immigrated  to  America 
at  the  age  of  twenty.  John  Q.  Brown  was  reared  to  manhood  in  Pike 
county.  111.,  and  was  educated  in  the  public  schools,  graduating  from  the 
high  school.  He  then  acted  in  the  capacity  of  foreman  on  his  father's 
ranch  for  some  time,  and  also  engaged  in  farming  on  his  own  account. 
In  1873.  he  engaged  in  general  farming  for  himself  in  Illinois,  remaining 
there  luitil  1886.  when  he  came  to  Kansas,  locating  in  Jackson  county, 
and  i)urchased  a  farm  adjoining  the  town  of  Wiiiting.  He  had  purchased 
160  acres  before  coming  to  Kansas  and  when  he  came  here  i^urchased 
an  additional  104  iii)on  which  his  residence  is  located.  Mr.  Brown  is 
one  of  the  successful  farmers  and  stockmen  of  Jackson  county,  and  in 
the  conduct  of  his  farming  and  stock  raising,  follows  scientific  methods, 


250  BIOGRAPHICAL 

modified  b}'  the  practical  experience  of  a  life-time  in  that  line  of  work. 
He  makes  a  specialty  of  short  horn  cattle  and  feeds  a  large  number  for 
market,  shipping  several  carloads  annually.  He  also  raises  a  large  num- 
ber of  Poland  China  hogs,  and  is  also  extensively  interested  in  imported 
Percheron  horses,  and,  perhaps,  has  done  more  towards  introducing  and 
promoting  this  high  grade  breed  of  draft  horses  in  this  section  of  the 
State  than  any  other  man.  Mr.  P)rown  was  united  in  marriage  November 
26,  1873,  to  Miss  Ella  E.  Eastman,  daughter  of  Lycurgus  and  Rebecca  L. 
(Humphries)  Eastman,  the  father  a  native  of  New  Hampshire  and  the 
mother  of  Massachusetts.  Lycurgus  Eastman  was  a  wheel-wright  in 
early  life  in  his  native  State,  and  in  1834,  went  to  Illinois  where  he  fol- 
lowed his  trade  for  a  time.  Later  he  engaged  in  farming  and  stock  rais- 
ing in  which  he  was  successful,  and  in  later  life  retired  and  removed  to 
Griggsville.  111.,  where  he  died.  He  was  an  unright  citizen,  and  lived  a 
consistent  Christian  life.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Baptist  church  for 
sixty-two  years,  twenty-five  years  of  which  he  was  a  deacon,  and  super- 
intendent of  Sundaj'  school.  He  died  November  18,  1898,  aged  ninety- 
one  years,  and  his  wife  died  in  January,  1901.  Mrs.  Brown  was  born 
in  Pike  county,  Illinois,  and  was  educated  in  the  district  schools  and  the 
Ringsville  High  School,  and  taught  school  for  a  time  before  her  marriage. 
To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Brown  have  been  born  six  children :  Alice  E.,  born 
April  28,  1875,  married  R.  C.  Jackman,  farmer,  Strawn,  Kans.,  and  they 
have  one  child,  Elsie  Elizabeth ;  Richard  Eastman,  born  November  3, 
1877,  farmer  in  Jackson  county,  married  Anna  May  Edds ;  Jane  Reliecca, 
born  June  i,  1881.  married  Jesse  E.  Higby,  who  conducts  a  garage  at 
Whiting,  and  they  have  one  child,  Marjorie  Alice;  Mary  Elsie,  born 
March  2,  1883,  married  James  W.  Martin,  traveling  salesman,  Topeka, 
Kans.,  and  they  have  two  children.  Dorothy  Virginia  and  Mary  Lucile; 
Edith  Ella,  born  April  8,  1885,  resides  at  home,  and  Elizabeth  Jane,  born 
April  25,  1887,  married  Dr.  Raymond  S.  Love,  who  is  connected  with 
the  People's  Hospital,  Chicago,  111.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Brown  are  members 
of  the  First  Baptist  Church,  of  Whiting,  with  which  they  have  been 
identified  since  coming  to  Kansas.  In  1900,  Mr.  Brown  was  elected  Sun- 
day school  superintendent,  and  has  served  in  that  capacity  to  the  present 
time.  He  has  also  been  a  trustee  of  the  church  for  twenty-five  years, 
and  is  a  member  of  the  choir,  and  for  a  number  of  years  has  been  choir 
leader.  He  takes  a  deep  interest  in  church  affairs,  and  has  always  given 
liberally  to  the  support  of  the  church,  and  it  has  been  said  that  he  is 
the  largest  contributor  to  the  church  of  which  he  is  a  member.  He  is  a 
close  student  of  the  Bible  and  a  faithful  follower  of  its  teaching.  Mr. 
Brown  is  a  strong  advocate  of  good  schools  and  for  over  twenty-four 
years  has  been  a  member  of  the  school  board.  He  was  one  of  the  organ- 
izers of  the  Farmer's  State  Bank  of  Whiting,  and  has  served  as  vice- 
president  of  that  institution  since  its  organization.  He  is  a  Republican 
and   has  always   consistently   supported   the   policies   and   principles   of 


BIOGRAPHICAL  25I 

that  party,  and  takes  a  prominent  part  in  local  policies.     His  fraternal 
affiliations  arc  with  the  time  honored  ^lasonic  lodge. 

Jeptha  H.  Davis,  a  leading  farmer  and  stock  raiser  of  Jackson  county, 
belongs  to  that  class  of  agricnlturists  who  have  largely  contributed  to 
the  up-building  of  this  commonwealth,  and  made  of  Kansas  the  great 
agricultural  empire  of  the  West.  Mr.  Davis  is  a  Hoosier  by  birth,  born  in 
Scott  county,  Indiana,  April  13,  i860.  He  is  a  son  of  Chester  P.  and 
Hettie  M.  (Close)  Davis,  natives  of  Indiana.  In  early  life  the  father  fol- 
lowed farming  and  stock  raising  in  his  native  State,  and  was  thus  en- 
gaged when  the  great  Civil  war  came  on,  and  like  thousands  of  other 
loyal  patriotic  boys  he  answered  his  country's  call,  and  in  1862,  enlisted 
in  Company  F,  Sixty-sixth  Indiana  infantry,  and  served  until  the  close 
of  the  war.  After  his  discharge,  he  returned  t<i  his  Indiana  home  where 
he  remained  about  a  year,  and  in  1866,  removed  to  Monticello,  111.,  where 
he  was  engaged  in  the  mercantile  business  for  several  years.  lie  was  a 
Republican  and  prominent  in  local  and  State  politics.  He  was  a  member 
of  the  Illinois  house  of  representatives  in  the  twenty-eighth  general 
assembly,  from  1872  to  1874,  and  served  in  the  Illinois  State  Senate  in 
the  Thirtieth  and  Thirty-First  General  Assembly  during  the  years 
1876-1878,  and  1879-1880.  He  was  an  active  and  influential  member  while 
serving  in  both  the  house  of  representatives  and  the  senate,  and  was  the 
author  of  many  im])nrtant  laws,  now  on  the  statute  books  of  Illinois. 
He  was  a  man  of  strong  personality  and  deep  convictions,  and  was  a 
natural  leader  of  men.  Jeptha  H.  Davis,  was  a  child  <>{  six  years  when 
his  parents  removed  to  Monticello,  111.,  and  here  he  attended  the  public 
schools,  graduating  from  the  high  school.  He  then  entered  the  Univer- 
sity of  Illinois  at  Chamiiaign,  where  he  was  graduated  in  the  class  of 
1882,  and  later  attended  Union  College  of  Law  at  Chicago,  for  one  year. 
About  this  time  he  was  offered  a  position  as  manager  of  a  farm  for 
William  W'atson.  near  DeKalb,  111.  This  was  the  turning  jxiint  of  his 
career,  and  u]ion  his  decision  depended  whether  his  future  should  be  that 
of  a  lawyer  or  a  tiller  of  the  soil.  He  chose  the  latter,  and  has  made 
good.  He  remained  manager  for  Mr.  W'atson  about  three  years,  when 
he  resigned  that  position,  and  went  to  Ulysses,  Xeb.,  in  1887.  and  in  July 
of  that  year  became  associated  with  the  Hudson  Ri\er  Mortgage  Com- 
pany, of  Kansas  City.  Mo.,  and  was  engaged  in  that  line  of  wt)rk  until 
March  i,  1893,  when  he  purchased  a  3,300  acre  ranch  in  Jackson  county, 
Kans.,  seven  miles  north  of  Holton,  the  county  seat,  which  is  now  known 
as  the  "Davis  Ranch."  He  at  once  engaged,  extensively,  in  the  cattle 
business,  buying  large  numliers  of  steers  on  the  Kansas  City  market, 
which  he  shipped  to  his  ranch  and  fattened  for  market.  This  proved  a 
great  success,  and  he  followed  this  line  on  a  large  scale  about  ten 
years.  He  then  became  interested  in  raising  Hereford  cattle,  and  in  a 
short  time  had  as  fine  a  herd  of  Herefords  as  could  be  found  in  the  Slate. 
He  also  continued  buying  and  feeding  cattle  for  market,  and  feeding  as 
many  as  a  thousand  head  in  one  year.     Mr.  Davis  has  had  phenomenal 


252  BIOGRAPHICAL 

success  since  coming  to  Kansas.  As  lie  had  but  little  capital  when  he 
came  here,  he  was  obliged  to  assume  a  great  deal  of  indebtedness  in 
order  to  handle  a  proposition  of  the  magnitude  which  he  undertook,  and 
at  one  time  his  total  indebtedness  was  $120,000,  but  by  1902,  this  was  all 
paid,  which  reflects  a  great  deal  of  credit  on  his  capability  and  business 
management.  After  1904.  he  began  to  cut  down  on  some  of  his  business 
operations,  and  has  not  been  so  extensively  engaged  in  the  cattle  busi- 
ness in  recent  years.  However,  he  continues  to  keep  a  large  herd  of 
short  horn  and  Hereford  grade  cattle,  and  also  raises  a  large  number  of 
hogs,  feeding  as  high  as  seven  hundred  in  one  year.  ]\Ir.  Davis  was 
united  in  marriage  September  27,  1883,  to  Miss  Ella  M.  Watson,  daughter 
of  Wm.  and  Joanna  M.  (Curtis)  Watson,  of  DeKalb  county,  Illinois.  Her 
parents  are  both  natives  of  Massachusetts,  and  the  father  was  a  pros- 
perous farmer  in  DeKalb  county.  He  died  in  1885,  and  the  mother  still 
survives.  Mrs.  Davis  was  born  in  Kendall  county.  Illinois,  educated  in 
the  public  schools  and  graduated  from  the  DeKalb  High  School.  She 
then  entered  the  University  of  Illinois  at  Champaign,  where  she  was 
graduated  in  the  class  of  1880,  with  a  degree  of  Bachelor  of  Science.  She 
taught  school  before  her  marriage  and  was  assistant  principal  of  the  De- 
Kalb schools.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Davis  have  been  born  four  children : 
Marietta,  Gertrude,  Helen  and  Chester,  all  of  whom  are  graduates  of  the 
University  of  Illinois,  and  Marietta  took  a  post-graduate  course  at  the 
University  of  California,  Berkley,  Calif.  Mr.  Davis  is  a  Republican,  but 
has  never  aspired  to  hold  political  office.  He  is  one  of  the  substantial 
citizens  of  Jackson  county,  where  the  family  is  well  and  favorably  known. 
Franklin  Clark  Pomeroy,  a  successful  Jackson  county  farmer  and 
stockman,  is  a  native  son  of  Kansas.  He  was  born  in  Grant  township, 
Jackson  coimty,  November  2.  1874,  and  is  the  son  of  John  Franklin 
Pomeroy  a  sketch  of  whom  appears  in  this  volume.  Franklin  Clark 
Pomeroy  received  his  preliminary  education  in  the  district  schools  of 
Jackson  county,  and  in  1891  entered  Campbell  University,  where  he  was 
graduated  in  the  class  of  1897,  with  a  degree  of  Bachelor  of  Science,  He 
then  returned  to  the  home  farm  in  Banner  township,  where  he  has  since 
followed  farming  and  stock  raising,  and  has  met  w'ith  good  success. 
He  has  made  a  specialty  of  raising  short-horn  cattle  and  Poland  China 
hogs.  He  is  also  a  cattle  feeder  on  quite  an  extensive  scale,  and  operates 
770  acres  of  land.  Mr.  Pomeroy  is  a  Republican,  and  takes  an  active 
interest  in  political  affairs.  In  1904,  he  was  elected  to  the  Legislature 
and  re-elected  in  1906,  serving  in  two  regular,  and  one  special  session. 
He  was  a  member  of  the  Ways  and  Means  Committee,  during  the  session 
of  1907,  and  the  special  session.  He  introduced  the  Road  Drag  bill,  which 
became  a  law.  and  w-as  active  in  behalf  of  much  other  important  legisla- 
tion, including  a  primary  election  bill,  which  was  defeated  at  that  session, 
but  was  later  substantially  enacted  into  the  present  primary  law.  At 
this  writing,  1914.  ^Ir,  Pomeroy  is  the  Republican  nominee  for  the  State 
legislature.     He  takes  a  sommendable  interest  in  local  affairs  and  has , 


BIOGRAPHICAL  253 

served  on  tlie  school  board  and  is  secretary  of  the  Farmer's  Institute. 
Mr.  Pomeroy  was  married  in  1897  to  Miss  Margaret  Scanlan,  daughter . 
of  John  and  Emma  (.\ddamson)  Scanlan,  of  Holton,  Kans.  Mrs. 
Pomeroy  was  born  in  Holton,  educated  in  the  public  schools,  and  gradu- 
ated from  the  Holton  High  School.  She  died  April  7,  1900,  leaving  one 
child,  Mary  Isabel,  born  August  29,  1898.  On  August  8.  1907.  Mr. 
Pomeroy  married  Miss  Mable  E.,  daughter  of  David  A.  and  Lydia  .\nn 
(Thompson)  Cook,  the  former  a  native  of  Xew  York,  and  the  latter  of 
Ohio.  They  were  pioneers  of  Kansas,  and  came  to  this  State  in  1868, 
settling  in  Pottawatomie  county,  where  the  father  followed  farming  and 
stock  raising.  Mrs.  Pomeroy  is  the  second  of  a  family  of  four  children. 
She  was  born  in  Pottawatomie  county  and  attended  ihc  city  schools  of 
Onaga,  and  later  entered  Campbell  University,  graduating  in  the  class 
of  1897  with  a  degree  of  Bachelor  of  Science.  She  taught  school  for  a 
number  of  years  in  the  grades  and  high  school  of  Onaga,  and  held  a 
State  certificate.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Pomeroy  have  been  born  two  chil- 
dren: Rose  Mable,  born  January  14,  1909,  and  Frances  Clarabcl,  born 
March  11,  1911.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Pomeroy  are  members  of  the  Methodist 
Episcopal  church,  and  he  is  a  Thirty-second  Degree  Mason. 

F.  M.  Pearl,  ])ostmaster  of  Hiawatha,  Kans.,  is  a  native  of  Ohio.  He 
was  born  in  Perry  county,  October  20,  1864,  and  is  a  son  of  William  A. 
and  Elizabeth  (Studer)  Pearl,  both  natives  of  Ohio.  The  mother  was 
born  in  Perry  county  of  German  ancestry.  The  Pearl  family  is  of  Spanish 
origin,  and  the  first  record  of  their  settlement  in  America  was  at  Mar- 
blehead,  Mass.,  in  1671.  William  .A.  Pearl,  was  a  grandson  of  Captain 
Xichols,  an  Englishman,  who  was  a  Captain  in  the  Revolutionary  war. 
William  A.  Pearl  was  born  in  Morgan  county,  Ohio,  March  17,  1836,  and 
when  a  young  man  went  to  Zanesville,  Ohio,  where  he  worked  as  a 
journeyman  cigar  maker,  and  later  engaged  in  the  manufacturing  of 
cigars,  until  he  retired  from  business.  He  now  resides  at  El  Reno.  Okla. 
His  wife  died  in  December.  1909.  F.  M.  Pearl  attended  the  district 
schools  in  Perry  county,  Ohio,  until  he  was  fifteen  years  old  and  in  the 
spring  of  1879,  began  work  as  a  farm  laborer,  and  the  following  year  got 
employment  on  a  gravel  train  on  the  Pennsylvania  Railroad,  as  water 
boy,  and  worked  at  various  odd  jobs  until  the  spring  of  1885.  In  1884, 
he  purchased  a  telegraph  instrument,  and  at  spare  times  studied  teleg- 
raphy, practicing  on  his  instrument.  He  was  working  as  a  railroad  sec- 
tion hand  at  this  time,  and  in  January,  1885.  the  local  railroad  agent 
taught  him  station  work.  In  Jiuie,  1885.  he  took  charge  of  a  station  and 
followed  railroad  work  in  Ohio  until  September.  1887.  He  was  then  in 
the  employ  of  the  Baltimore  &  Ohio  Railroad  Company  at  Newark, 
Ohio,  and  resigned  to  accept  a  position  with  the  Chicago.  Rock  Island  & 
Pacific  Railroad  Company  at  Fairbury,  Neb.,  which  was  the  terminal 
of  that  road  at  the  time.  December  15,  1887,  he  entered  the  employ  of 
the  St.  Joseph  &  Grand  Island,  as  station  agent  at  Fairfield,  and  re- 
mained   in    the   employ   of   this   company    in    station    wrirk.    in    various 


254  niDGUAPHICAL 

points  until  1894.  In  1891,  while  agent  at  Robinson,  he  began  reading 
law,  and  in  November.  1894,  soon  after  severing  his  connection  with  the 
railroad  company,  he  was  admitted  to  the  bar  at  Hiawatha,  Kans.,  Judge 
J.  F.  Thompson,  father  of  Senator  Thompson,  presiding  at  the  time.  He 
then  engaged  in  the  practice  of  law  at  Robinson,  Kans.,  remaining  there 
until  Xovember,  1898,  when  he  came  to  Hiawatha,  where  he  has  since 
been  successfully  engaged  in  the  practice  of  his  profession.  Mr.  Pearl  is 
a  Democrat,  and  has  always  taken  an  active  part  in  political  affairs.  He 
has  served  as  city  attorney  of  Hiawatha  two  terms,  and  was  county 
attorney  of  Brown  count\'  one  term,  and  while  county  attorney,  he  con- 
ducted a  campaign  against  joints,  gambling  houses  and  gambling  devices, 
with  such  vigor  that  it  was  but  a  short  time,  until  Brown  county  was 
free  from  lawlessness  of  that  character.  In  1909,  he  purchased  the 
"Kansas  Democrat'"  and  reorganized  that  paper,  and  has  since  been  its 
editor  and  publisher.  The  "Democrat"  is  a  live  weekly  newspaper,  and 
has  a  large  circulation,  and  is  now  the  official  county  paper  of  Brown 
county.  In  1902  he  was  the  Democratic  nominee  for  attorney  general 
and  carried  more  than  his  party  vote,  but  the  overwhelming  odds  were 
against  him,  and  he  lost  in  a  hard  fought  campaign.  In  1912,  he  was 
floor  leader  of  the  \Mlson  forces  at  the  Hutchinson  Democratic  State 
Convention,  and  brought  in  a  minority  report  instructing  the  Kansas 
delegates  to  the  Baltimore  convention  for  Wilson.  In  1908.  he  was  the 
Democratic  nominee  of  the  First  Kansas  District,  for  congress,  and  in 
1896.  was  elected  delegate  to  the  Democratic  State  convention,  and  has 
been  a  delegate  to  every  Democratic  State  convention  since  that  tipie. 
In  1908,  he  was  chairman  of  the  Kansas  delegation  to  the  National  Demo- 
cratic convention  at  Denver.  In  1908  he  was  appointed  local  attorne}' 
for  the  Missouri  Pacific  Railroad  Company.  Mr.  Pearl  was  the  original 
promoter  of  the  Brown  County  Telephone  Company,  now  known  as 
the  Northeast  Kansas  Telephone  Company.  This  was  in  1901,  and' it 
was  the  first  telephone  company  in  Hiawatha,  and  he  has  been  secretary 
and  attorney  of  this  company  since  its  organization.  He  was  also  one 
of  the  organizers  of  the  Life  and  Annuity  Association,  and  was  its  presi- 
dent for  a  number  of  years.  This  is  a  fraternal  insurance  company,  with 
headquarters  at  Hiawatha,  and  has  members  in  every  State  in  the  Union. 
On  January  12,  1914,  -Mr.  Pearl  was  appointed  postmaster  of  Hiawatha, 
and  is  now  serving  in  that  capacity.  He  was  married  April  2.  1892,  to 
Miss  Cordelia,  daughter  of  J.  M.  and  Jane  (Hobbs)  Idol,  of  Brown 
county.  Kansas.  The  father  is  a  prominent  farmer  and  stockman,  and 
has  been  a  member  of  the  board  of  county  commissioners,  being  the  first 
Democrat  to  be  elected  to  that  position  in  Brown  county.  Mrs.  Pearl 
was  born  in  Walla  Walla,  Wash.  Her  father  was  a  native  of  North 
.Carolina,  and  mother  of  Missouri.  They  were  married  at  White  Cloud, 
Kans.,  and  about  the  time  the  Civil  war  broke  out,  they  crossed  the 
plains  with  an  ox  team,  and  went  to  the  Pacific  coast,  and  finally  settled 
at  Walla  \\'alla.  Wash.    Thev  returned  to  Kansas  in  1868.     Mrs.  Pearl 


BIOGRAIMIUAI.  255 

was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Kansas,  and  Caniphcli  L'niversity, 
Holton,  and  taut^ht  school  seven  years  before  her  marriage.  To  Mr.  and 
Mrs.  Pearl  have  been  born  six  children:  Liicile,  graduated  from  Mt.  Saint 
Scholastica's  Convent,  Atchison,  in  the  class  of  1912,  winning  the  gold 
medal  for  i)roficiency  in  music;  Lenore,  died  at  Albuquerciue,  X.  M., 
June  21,  1912,  aged  eighteen  years,  one  month  and  three  da\s ;  Idol,  a 
student  at  W'entworth  Military  .\cademy,  Wentworth,  Mo. ;  Sutro,  Cor- 
delia, and  Francis,  all  attending  the  public  schools.  Mr.  Pearl  is  a 
Knights  Templar  Mason,  and  his  wife  belongs  to  the  Eastern  Star.  The 
family  are  members  of  the  Eiiiscopal  church  of  which  Mr.  Pearl  is  a 
vestryman. 

John  H.  Osborn,  a  i^rominent  business  man  of  Humboldt,  Kans.,  is  a 
native  of  New  York.  He  was  born  near  Dundee,  Yates  county,  October 
26,  1830.  His  parents,  IJenjamin  and  Debora  (Paulding)  Osborn,  were 
also  natives  of  the  F.m]Mrc  State,  where  the  father  was  a  farmer.  John  H. 
Osborn  was  educated  in  the  district  school  and  remained  at  home  on  the 
farm  until  he  reached  his  majority.  He  then  learned  the  carpenter's 
trade  and  while  thus  engaged  the  Civil  war  l)roke  out,  and  on  August  8, 
1862,  he  enlisted  in  Company  V>,  One  Hundred  and  Twenty-si.xth  Regi- 
ment. New  York  infantry,  and  on  August  22,  was  mustered  into  the 
United  States  service.  His  regiment  participated  in  the  battle  of  Har- 
per's Ferry,  and  on  September  16,  1862,  the  entire  command  was  captured. 
They  were  paroled  in  a  short  time,  and  sent  to  ,\nnaiH)lis,  Md.,  and  from 
there  sent  to  Chicago  where  they  were  re-instated  in  Xovember  and  re- 
turned to  the  front.  \\'hile  at  Union  Mills.  V'a.,  Mr.  Osborn  was  taken 
sick  with  measles  and  smallpox,  and  during  this  time  the  military  authori- 
ties sent  for  his  brother  to  come  and  take  him  home,  and  the  soldier  boy 
had  no  knowledge  of  this  until  it  was  all  over,  and  on  February  3,  1863, 
he  was  discharged  from  the  service  on  account  of  disability.  He  then 
remained  in  New  York  State  and  worked  at  his  trade  until  December, 
iSfKj,  when  he  came  to  Kansas,  on  a  tour  of  investigation.  He  was  favor- 
ably impressed  with  the  country  and  returned  east,  where  he  was  mar- 
ried and  brought  his  bride  to  Kansas,  reaching  Humboldt,  March  15, 
1870.  Ciarnett  was  the  nearest  railroad  point  at  that  time.  Mr.  Osborn 
followed  contracting  and  building  at  llumboldt  for  a  time,  when  he 
went  to  California  where  he  remained  about  a  year  when  he  went  to 
Colorado.  After  spending  eighteen  months  in  that  State  he  returned  to 
Kansas  and  was  engaged  in  c<5ntracting  until  i886,  when  he  became 
manager  for  J.  P.  Johnson,  of  the  Citizen's  Lumber  Com]iany.  He  pur- 
chased the  lumber  business  of  S.  A.  Brown  &  Company,  at  Humboldt, 
in  October,  1888,  which  he  conducted  as  an  individual  enterprise  under 
the  title  of  the  J.  H.  ( )sl)orn  Lumber  yard,  until  July  15,  ujix;).  when  the 
business  was  incorporated  under  the  title  of  J.  H.  Osborn  Lumber  Com- 
])any,  with  John  H.  Osborn,  ])resident  and  treasurer,  and  J.  P.  Osborn, 
secretary  and  manager.  They  are  one  of  the  largest  lumber  dealers  in 
that  section  of  the  -State,  operating  yards  at  Humboldt  and  Ciaructt.    Mr. 


256  BIOGRAPHICAL 

Osborn  has  been  acli\e  in  other  important  enterprises,  as  well  as  the 
lumber  business.  He  was  one  of  the  organizers  of  the  Citizens  State 
Bank  of  Humboldt,  and  was  its  president  for  one  year,  when  he  disposed 
of  his  interest  in  that  bank.  He  was  one  of  the  original  stockholders  and 
organizers  of  the  Humboldt  Vitrified  Brick  Company,  and  was  also  one 
of  the  promoters  of  the  Monarch  Portland  Cement  Company,  and  the 
Phmiboldt  Portland  Cement  Company.  Mr.  Osborn  takes  a  commend- 
able interest  in  local  affairs,  and  has  served  as  treasurer  of  the  Humboldt 
school  board  for  several  years.  He  has  also  served  two  terms  as  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Humboldt  city  council.  He  is  a  Republican  and  takes  an 
active  part  in  the  party  organization,  and  has  been  a  member  of  the  Re- 
publican County  Central  Committee  and  a  delegate  to  numerous  State  and 
local  conventions.  Mr.  Osborn  was  married  at  Washington,  D.  C,  Janu- 
ary 27.  1870,  to  Miss  Anna  J.  Millard,  a  daughter  of  Squire  and  Emily 
(Phillips)  Millard,  of  Yates  county.  New  York.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Osborn  have  been  born  four  children :  Mary  Ella,  married  John  J. 
Squire,  farmer  Allen  county ;  Edith ;  John  Paulding,  secretary  and  man- 
ager of  the  J.  H.  Osborn  Lumber  Company,  and  Emly  Gertrude.  Mr. 
Osborn  is  a  Thirtj'-second  Degree,  Scottish  Rite  Mason,  and  a  member  of 
the  Grand  Army  of  the  Republic.  He  belongs  to  the  Christian  Science 
church.  Mr.  Osborn  is  still-  actively  engaged  in  business  and  is  one  of 
the  influential  men  in  .\llen  county. 

Charles  H.  Olson,  cashier  of  the  La  Harpe  State  Bank,  is  a  native  of 
Iowa,  born  al  Keokuk,  January  9,  1872.  He  is  a  son  of  Gustave  and  ]\Iary 
rjohnson)  Olson,  natives  of  Sweden  who  immigrated  to  America  in  1869. 
In  1874,  they  came  to  Kansas,  and  located  in  Jewel  county,  the  father 
taking  a  homestead  in  Center  township  where  he  has  since  been  engaged 
in  farming  and  stock  raising.  \\"hen  the  Olson  family  settled  in  Jewel 
county,  that  section  of  the  State  was  the  frontier  of  the  west.  The  rail- 
road extended,  only,  as  far  as  Waterville.  This  was  their  nearest  trading 
and  shipping  point.  Charles  H.  Olson  began  his  education  in  the  district 
schools  of  Jewel  county,  and  later  attended  the  Mankato  High  School. 
He  then  entered  the  Salina  Normal  LTniversity -where  he  was  graduated 
in  the  class  of  1900.  While  a  student  at  the  Normal  University,  he  taught 
three  terms  of  school,  in  order  to  get  money  to  finish  his  education. 
After  graduating,  he  taught  school  a  part  of  a  term,  but  resigned  to 
accept  a  position  with  the  Mankato  State  Bank.  This  institution  was 
re-organized  while  he  was  connected  with  it,  becoming  the  Mankato 
National  Bank,  and  Mr.  Olson  became  assistant  cashier.  He  remained 
in  that  position  until  January  15,  1905,  when  he  became  cashier  of  the 
La  Harpe  State  Bank.  In  fact  he  organized  the  La  Harpe  State  Bank 
while  he  was  still  connected  with  the  Mankato  National  Bank  of  Man- 
kato. The  La  Harpe  State  Bank  was  organized  in  December,  1904,  with 
a  capital  stock  of  $10,000.00  with  the  following  officers:  George  F. 
Fox,  president ;  John  \\'.  Laury,  vice-president,  and  C.  H.  Olson,  cashier. 


BIOGRAPHICAL  257 

and  there  has  been  nu  change  in  the  personnel  of  tlie  officers  since  the 
organizati^)n.  Tlie  l)ank  began  Inisiness  Marcli  6,  1905,  in  a  well  equipped 
banking  building.  This  inslitulit>n  has  had  a  substantial  growth  since 
the  organization,  and  is  under  capable  and  conservative  management. 
The  official  report  of  March  9,  1914,  shows  the  deposits  amounting  to 
$86,786.45,  with  resources  of  $99,203.45.  Mr.  Olson  was  married  January 
5,  1910,  to  Miss  Fk>rence  Roe.  daughter  of  William  and  Elizabeth  (AIc- 
Bride^  Roe,  natives  of  I'ennsylvania,  where  the  father  is  engaged  in  the 
oil  business,  and  where  the  family  now  resides.  Mrs.  Olson  was  reared 
near  Oil  City,  and  educated  in  Grove  City,  and  Pittsburgh,  Pa.  Mr. 
Olson  has  had  an  extensive  experience  in  the  banking  business  and  is 
well  (|ualified  for  the  responsible  position  which  he  holds,  and  b_v  his 
straight  forward  methods  has  won  the  confidence  of  the  business  public. 
He  is  a  member  of  the  Masonic  Lodge,  and  both  he  and  Mrs.  Olson  are 
members  of  the  luistern  Star. 

Herman  Klaumann,  who  lor  a  number  of  years  has  been  a  prominent 
factor  in  the  commercial  life  of  lola,  Kans.,  is  a  native  of  Germany.  He 
was  born  in  Rhincprice,  Prussia,  May  31,  185 1,  and  is  a  son  of  John 
and  Henrietta  Klaumann,  natives  of  Prussia.  The  father  was  a  lock- 
smith, and  was  employed  by  the  Krupp  Gun  Factory,  where  he  had 
charge  of  a  department.  Jn  the  spring  of  1857,  the  family  immigrated  to 
America  and  settled  at  Muscatine,  Iowa.  The  mother  died  August  3, 
1857,  a  few  months  after  reaching  this  country.  After  coming  to  this 
country  the  family  met  with  many  discouragements.  The  father  was 
employed  in  a  packing  house  and  a  saw  mill  for  a  time,  at  the  meager 
wages  of  fifty  cents  per  day.  He  struggled  along  for  a  few  years,  when 
he  engaged  in  farming  in  Muscatine  county  and  met  with  fair  success. 
Herman  Klaumann  attended  the  public  schools  until  he  was  twelve 
years  old,  when  he  went  to  Chicago  alone,  and  his  entire  capital  consisted 
of  tliirty-five  cents.  He  secured  employment  there,  in  a  grocery  store 
where  he  remained  four  years  when  a  wholesale  grocer,  with  whom  he 
had  become  acquainted,  furnished  him  a  stock  of  goods,  and  he  engaged 
in  the  grocery  business  on  his  own  account,  and  for  five  years  followed 
that  business  in  Chicago.  Jle  was  there  during  the  great  fire  of  1871, 
and  lived  within  two  blocks  from  where  it  started.  In  1879,  Mr.  Klau- 
mann came  to  Kansas,  and  settled  at  lola  where  he  engaged  in  the  gro- 
cery business.  His  store  was  located  on  the  Northwest  corner  of  Madi- 
son and  Washington  streets,  in  a  frame  building  20.X40  feet.  In  1881, 
he  built  a  two  story  brick  building  at  the  corner,  where  the  lola  State 
Bank  now  stands,  and  in  1884,  he  added  an  annex  to  this  building,  which 
was  also  occupied  by  his  grocery  business.  His  retail  business  grew  to 
large  propr)rtions  and  lie  added  a  wholesale  and  jiihbing  department. 
On  May  23,  1899,  he  sold  the  business  to  his  brother-in-law,  H.  W. 
Steyer,  who  is  still  engaged  in  the  business.  Mr.  Klaumann  then  engaged 
in  the  wholesale  produce  business,  as  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Ri.xby  & 


258  BIOGRAPHICAL 

Klaumann.  This  continued  until  kjoi.  when  he  disposed  of  his  interest, 
when  he  engaged  in  the  real  estate  and  insurance  business,  to  which  he 
has  largely  devoted  his  attention  since.  When  the  lola  State  Bank  was 
organized,  he  was  one  of  the  charter  stock  holders,  and  later  bought  a 
large  block  of  stock  in  the  Gas  City  State  Bank  and  became  its  president. 
This  instittition  later  liquidated  its  accounts  and  closed  its  business  with 
a  clean  slate.  Mr.  Klaumann  has  taken  an  active  interest  in  many  local 
enterprises,  and  is  ever  ready  and  willing  to  contribute  his  time  and 
money  to  the  betterment  of  his  town  and  county.  When  the  Allen 
County  Agricultural  Society  was  organized,  he  was  one  of  the  first  to 
lend  his  aid  and-intluence  to  the  project,  and  has  been  a  director  of  that 
organization  for  years,  and  for  fourteen  years  ha's  been  superintendent  of 
the  Agricultural  Building.  He  was  one  of  the  organizers  of  the  Allen 
Count}'  Horticultural  Society,  and  has  served  as  its  president  several 
terms,  during  its  thirty  years  of  existence.  IMr.  Klaumann  was  married 
July  I,  1875,  to  Miss  Fredericka,  a  daughter  of  Conrad  Steyer,  a  native  of 
Germany,  who  immigrated  to  America  and  settled  at  New  London,  Conn., 
where  Mrs.  Klaumann  was  born.  The  father  was  a  cabinet  maker,  and 
the  family  removed  to  Chicago  at  an  earlj^  day,  and  Mrs.  Klaumann  was 
reared  and  educated  in  that  city.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Klaumann  have  been 
born  four  children :  Clara,  graduated  from  the  lola  High  School,  Kansas 
University,  taught  in  the  lola  High  School  a  short  time,  and  is  now  the 
wife  of  Prof.  James  \\'.  Murphy,  superintendent  of  schools,  W'ashington. 
Kans. ;  Louis  H.,  educated  in  the  Tola  High  School  and  business  college, 
now  cashier  of  the  Farmers'  Supply  Company,  Arcadia,  Fla. ;  Chas.  H., 
a  graduate  of  the  Tola  High  School  and  Kansas  University,  now  an  in- 
structor in  the  Salina  High  School,  and  Edward,  deceased.  ]\Ir.  Klaumann 
is  a  member  of  the  Ancient  Order  of  United  Workmen,  and  has  filled  all 
the  chairs  of  that  order.  He  is  also  a  member  of  the  Knights  and  Ladies 
of  Security,  of  which  he  has  been  financial  secretary  for  a  number  of 
years.     The  family  are  members  of  Christ  Reformed  church. 

Benjamin  F.  Pancoast,  a  pioneer  merchant  of  lola,  Kans.,  who  for  over 
fifty  years  has  been  engaged  in  the  jewelrj'  business  in  this  State,  was 
born  in  Fayette  county,  Ohio.  December  11.  1S33,  and  is  a  son  of  Shreve 
and  Polly  (Myers)  Pancoast.  the  former  a  native  of  Pennsylvania,  and 
the  latter  of  \^irginia.  both  of  Danish  descent.  The  Pancoast  family  was 
founded  in  America  by  Isaiah  Pancoast  in  1806.  He  had  two  brothers, 
Jonathan  and  another  brother,  who  afterwards  became  dean  of  a  Phil- 
adelphia medical  college,  and  his  sons  are  now-  eminent  surgeons.  Jona- 
than Pancoast  was  a  brick  mason  and  settled  in  Cincinnati.  Ohio,  when 
that  city  w-as  a  mere  village.  Isaiah,  the  grandfather  of  Benjamin  F., 
w'as  a  farmer  and  followed  that  occupation  in  Pennsylvania,  and  later 
removed  to  Ohio.  His  son,  Shreve,  the  father  of  Benjamin  F.,  was  also 
a  farmer.  Benjamin  F.  Pancoast  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of 
Ohio,  such  as  they  were  in  those  days,  and  in  early  life  learned  the 


BIOGRAPHICAL  259 

jewelers'  trade,  and  in  1859.  came  to  Kansas,  locating  in  Allen  county, 
where  Tola  now  stands.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Tola  townsite  company, 
and  one  of  the  organizers  of  the  town  of  lola.  He  located  in  Allen  county 
largely  by  accident.  He  and  a  cousin,  A.  L.  Messmore,  were  on  their 
way  south  from  Independence,  Mo.,  and  when  they  reached  Allen  county 
they  were  favorably  impressed  by  that  locality,  and  as  there  were  plenty 
of  government  land  there,  they  took  claims  and  remained.  When  they 
located  in  Allen  county,  there  was  a  local  debating  society  which  held 
weekly  meetings  in  a  log  school  house,  and  at  the  first  meeting  which 
Mr.  Pancoast  attended,  the  society  passed  a  resolution  organizing  itself 
into  a  townsite  company,  and  thus  Mr.  Pancciast  became  a  mcmljcr  of  the 
original  lola  townsite  company.  He  was  elected  secretary  of  the  com- 
pany, and  held  that  office  until  the  affairs  of  the  company  were  closed. 
One  of  the  quarters  of  land  which  the  committee  selected  was  owned  by 
J.  F.  Colbam,  and  the  townsite  was  named  in  honor  of  Mrs.  Colbam, 
whose  Christian  name  was  lola.  The  company  was  limited  to  fifty  mem- 
1)ers,  and  each  one  was  assessed  $20,  which  gave  the  company  a  $i,ooo 
capital.  One  of  the  first  by-laws  of  the  organization,  required  each  mem- 
ber to  build  a  house  on  the  townsite  at  a  cost  of  not  less  than  $300.00, 
or  forfeit  his  interest.  Coffachiqui,  an  Indian  trading  post,  two  miles 
south,  consisted  of  about  twenty  houses,  and  the  Indian  agent  there, 
become  a  member  of  the  lola  townsite  company,  and  was  instrumental 
in  moving  the  trading  post  to  the  new  town  of  lola.  All  goods  and  sup- 
plies were  hauled  from  Leavenworth,  and  the  nearest  railroad  was  W'ar- 
rensburg.  Mo.,  and  mail  was  brought  from  Lawrence  twice  a  week  by 
stage  coach.  Mr.  Pancoast  took  an  active  part  in  the  early  development 
of  the  new  town.  When  the  Tola  Battalion  was  organized  he  became 
its  adjutant.  Later  this  Ilattalion  was  consolidated  with  the  \inth  Kan- 
sas Regiment,  and  as  that  office,  was  already  filled  he  resigned  and  re- 
turned to  lola.  In  1861.  he  went  back  to  Ohio  to  visit  his  parents,  and 
about  a  year  later  returned  to  Kansas,  locating  at  Olathe  where  he  worked 
at  his  trade  until  1869,  when  he  returned  to  lola  and  engaged  in  the 
jewelry  business,  which  has  occupied  his  attention  since  that  time.  He 
has  been  in  business  longer  than  any  other  merchant  in  lola.  In  addi- 
tion to  his  business  interests,  Mr.  Pancoast  has  been  interested  in  other 
local  enterprises  and  has  always  endeavored  to  promote  the  best  interest 
of  his  city  and  county.  He  has  taken  a  commendable  interest  in  advanced 
and  improved  methods  fif  horticulture,  and  was  one  of  the  organizers  of 
the  .\llen  Countv  1  iorticultural  Society  and  has  been  its  secretary  since 
organization.  He  is  also  a  member  of  the  State  Horticultural  Society, 
and  for  the  past  two  years  has  been  trustee  for  the  second  district.  Mr. 
Pancoast  was  married  in  1861,  to  Miss  Mary  Cowan,  a  daughter  of  J. 
M.  Cowan,  a  Kansas  pioneer  who  located  in  Allen  county  in  i860,  com- 
ing from  Indiana.  Mrs.  Pancoast  was  reared  and  educated  in  Indiana, 
and  came  to  Kansas  with  her  parents.    To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Pancoast  have 


26o  BIOGRATHICAL 

been  bmrn  four  children;  Lonie  M.;  Herman  L.,  cigar  manufacturer, 
lola,  Kans. ;  Ernest  L.,  jeweler.  La  Junta,  Colo.,  and  Milo  B.,  automobile 
machinist,  Kansas  City,  Mo.  During  Mr.  Pancoast's  long  career  as  a 
merchant,  he  has  gained  many  friends,  and,  b}-  his  upright  business 
methods  has  won  the  C(Tnfidence  of  the  public. 

William  Albert  Gilliland,  a  prominent  farmer  and  stockman  of  Jackson 
county,  was  born  at  Rockport,  Mo..  June  22,  1859.  He  is  a  son  of  Josiah 
and  Delitha  (Maxwell)  Gilliland.  the  former  a  native  of  Beverly,  Ohio, 
and  the  latter  of  Ogle  county,  Illinois.  The  father  spent  his  boyhood 
days  in  his  native  State,  and  in  1855  went  to  Missouri  where  he  owned 
and  operated  a  saw  mill  until  the  war  broke  out,  when  he  traded  it  for 
a  farm  in  Nebraska,  and  removed  his  family  to  Illinois,  and  enlisted  in 
a  ^lissouri  regiment  in  which  he  served  one  year.  At  the  close  of  the 
war  he  returned  to  Missouri,  where  he  remained  until  1876,  when  he  went 
to  Nebraska  and  settled  on  his  farm  which  he  operated,  with  success, 
until  1900,  when  he  removed  to  Auburn,  Neb.,  where  he  now  resides.  His 
first  wife  and  mother  of  William  A.,  died  in  Andrew  county,  ^Missouri, 
in  1868.  leaving  three  children  as  follows:  William  A.,  the  subject  of 
this  sketch  ;  Nellie,  married  Harry  Rhoades,  a  successful  farmer  and 
stockman  of  Howe,  Neb.,  and  Alida.  married  Andrew  Speer,  one  of  the 
county  commissioners  of  Atchison  county,  at  the  present  time.  When 
\\'illiam  A.  Gilliland  was  a  boy,  his  opportunities  for  obtaining  an  edtica- 
tion  were  limited.  He  attended  the  district  schools  of  Andrew  coimty, 
Missouri,  such  as  schools  were  in  those  times  on  the  frontier.  The 
school  term  consisted  of  only  two  or  three  months  each  year,  which  were 
perhaps  plenty  under  the  circumstances,  as  the  average  pupil  received 
about  all  the  "rod"  he  could  stand  during  that  period,  and  was  perfectly 
willing  to  "spoil"  for  the  rest  of  the  year.  But  )'Oung  Gilliland  made  the 
best  of  his  opportunities,  and  at  the  age  of  thirteen  was  compelled  to  quit 
school  and  go  to  work.  In  1876,  when  the  family  went  to  Nebraska,  they 
found  their  farm  encumbered  by  tax  title,  and  he  had  to  work  as  a  farm 
hand  to  help  pay  this  off,  and  after  that,  gave  his  earnings  to  his  father 
to  help  support  the  family.  At  the  age  of  twenty,  he  began  life  for 
himself,  as  a  farm  laborer,  and  at  the  end  of  a  year  had  saved  $150.  He 
then  began  farming  rented  land,  and  during  the  first  few  years  his  pro- 
gress was  slow,  on  account  of  crop  failures.  In  the  fall  of  1883,  he 
bought  120  acres  of  unimproved  land  which  he  improved,  and  built  a 
small  house  on  it.  He  began  in  the  stock  business,  in  a  small  way,  and 
soon  was  making  a  specialty  of  raising  cattle,  hogs  and  mules,  and  fed 
large  numbers  of  cattle  and  hogs  for  the  market.  He  prospered  in  his 
undertaking  and  began  to  add  to  his  holdings  and  it  was  not  long  until 
he  owned  362  acres  of  well  improved  land.  He  remained  on  this  farm 
until  1898,  when  he  removed  to  Jackson  county,  Kansas,  locating  in  Cedar 
township,  where  he  owns  a  200-acre  farm,  which  increases  his  acreage  to 
573  acres.    In  the  spring  of  1914,  he  gave  each  of  his  two  sons,  120  acres 


BlOGRAl'lIK  AI.  261 

which  is  valued  at  ?ioo.  per  acre.  Since  coming  to  Jackson  county,  he 
has  been  engaged  in  the  real  estate  business  in  addition  to  farming  and 
stock  raising.  Jn  his  real  estate  operations,  he  has  been  very  successful 
and  been  instrumental  in  bringing  many  substantial  settlers  to  the 
county,  to  whom  he  has  sold  farms.  He  is  a  strong  advocate  of  good 
schools,  good  roads  and  better  farming.  He  is  active  in  church  work, 
and  while  a  resident  of  Nebraska,  served  as  deacon  and  superintendent  of 
Sunday  school.  He  was  also  an  early  advocate  of  the  Farmers  Institute. 
He  inaugurated  the  movement  which  led  to  grading  a  road  from  his  farm 
in  Cedar  township,  to  Denison.  He  had  the  road  surveyed,  and  circulated 
the  subscription  list  to  pay  for  the  work,  to  which  he  contributed  liberally 
iiimself.  He  takes  a  foremost  position  in  the  community  for  commercial 
and  social  improvement,  and  is  one  of  the  most  public  spirited  citizens  of 
Jackson  county.  Mr.  Gilliland,  was  married  April  14,  1884,  to  Miss  Lou 
Emma  Cummings,  daughter  of  Thomas  J.  and  Dorcus  \'.  (W'ilcox) 
Cummings,  the  former  a  native  of  Ohio,  and  the  latter  of  Indiana.  They 
were  pioneers  of  Nebraska,  settling  in  that  State  in  1865.  Mrs.  Gilliland 
was  born  in  Kosciusko  county,  Indiana,  October  20,  1865,  and  was  only 
four  months  old  when  the  family  removed  to  Nebraska,  and  settled  in 
Nemaha  county,  where  the  father  engaged  in  farming  and  stock  raising. 
When  the  (iilliland  family  located  in  Nebraska  their  place  was  near 
where  the  Cummings  family  had  settled.  Mrs.  Gilliland  was  educated  in 
the  public  schools,  and  engaged  in  the  millinery  and  dress  making  busi- 
ness in  Auburn,  Neb.,  which  she  followed  until  her  marriage.  Her  father 
died  March  21,  191 1.  and  the  mother  now  resides  at  Cral)  Orchard,  Neb. 
To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Gilliland,  have  been  born  four  children:  Roy  Albert, 
born  September  17,  1886,  was  educated  at  the  Kansas  State  Agricultural 
College,  Manhattan,  and  Campbell  University,  now  a  farmer  and  stock 
raiser  in  Jackson  county,  where  he  specializes  in  raising  Jersey  cattle  and 
has  one  of  the  finest  herds  in  the  State.  He  was  married  December  30, 
H)o8,  to  Miss  (jertrude  Lanning,  and  they  have  three  children:  Olive  I^ou 
Emma,  Delia  Leola,  and  Roy  Albert,  Jr.  The  second  son,  Charles 
Henry,  born  August  8.  1888,  was  educated  in  the  Kansas  State  Agricul- 
tural College  at  Manhattan,  and  Cani|)hcll  University,  and  is  now  a  suc- 
cessful farmer  in  Jackson  comity.  Delia  Mae  Gilliland  was  born  July 
29,  1891.  She  is  a  graduate  of  Cam])bell  University  and  is  now  a  teacher 
in  Xetawaka  High  School.  Bertha  Ellen,  the  youngest  of  the  family  was 
born  February  6,  1894,  a  graduate  of  Cam])bell  University  and  is  now  at 
home  with  her  parents.  Mr.  Gilliland  is  a  man  of  strong  ])crsonaiity, 
with  a  deep  sense  of  right  and  justice.  He  loves  industry  and  abhors 
laziness.  His  sentiments  as  to  the  man  who  works  is  well  expressed  in 
the  following  lines: 

"It  matters  nut  how  rich  or  pi)or, 
This  is  the  future's  great  command, 

Who  does  not  work  shall  cease  to  eat ; 
Upon  this  rock  I  stand. 


262 


BIOGRAPHICAL 


The  fruit  of  trees,  the  g'rain  of  fields, 

\\'herever   use  and  beauty  lurk — 
The  good  of  all  the  world  belongs 

To  him  who  does  his  work." 

Orestes  L.  Garlinghouse,  M.  D.,  a  prominent  physician  and  surgeon 
of  lola,  Kans.,  is  a  native  of  Kansas.  He  was  born  at  Topeka,  June  18, 
1870.  and  is  a  son  of  L.  B.  and  Matilda  (Hanawalt)  Garlinghouse, 
natives  of  Ohio.  The)-  came  to  Kansas  in  1864,  and  settled  in  Topeka 
where  the  father  engaged  in  farming  and  stock  raising,  and  for  a  number 
of  years  was  land  inspector  for  the  Santa  Fe  Railroad  Company.  He 
spent  the  latter  part  of  his  life  in  retirement  in  Topeka,  where  he  died  in 
January,  1907.  Dr.  Garlinghouse  was  educated  in  the  public  schools, 
\\'ashburn  College  and  Baker  University,  graduating  from  the  latter 
institution  in  the  class  of  1892.  He  then  attended  the  Kansas  Medical 
College,  which  afterwards  became  a  department  of  Washburn  College 
for  two  years,  when  he  entered  Herig  Medical  College  and  Hospital,  at 
Chicago,  where  he  was  graduated  with  a  degree  of  Doctor  of  Medicine, 
in  the  class  of  1899.  He  then  engaged  in  the  practice  of  his'profession  at 
Walcot,  Kans.,  and  while  there  taught  one  year  in  Hahnemann  Medical 
College.  Kansas  City.  In  1900,  he  came  to  lola  where  he  has  since  been 
engaged  in  the  practice.  Dr.  Garlinghouse  is  a  close  student  of  his  pro- 
fession, and  in  1904,  he  took  a  post-graduate  course  at  the  Cook  County 
Hospital,  Chicago,  111.,  and  in  1910,  took  a  course  at  Carleton  College  at 
Farmington,  Mo.  In  addition  to  giving  close  attention  to  his  large  prac- 
tice, he  is  interested  in  a  number  of  industrial  enterprises.  In  1901  he 
built  a  large  business  block  in  lola,  and  was  one  of  the  organizers  of  the 
Humboldt  Refrigerator  Compan}^  but  has  disposed  of  his  interest  in 
that  enterprise.  Dr.  Garlinghouse  was  married  September  17,  1899,  to 
Miss  Peale,  daughter  of  E.  S.  and  Rovia  (Still)  Clark.  The  former  a 
native  of  Canada  and  the  latter  of  Missouri.  Mr.  Clark  is  an  extensive 
farmer  and  stock  raiser  in  Franklin  county,  Kansas.  Mrs.  Clark  is  a 
sister  of  Dr.  A.  T.  Still,  the  founder  of  Osteopathy.  Mrs.  Garlinghouse 
was  born  in  Franklin  county,  and  educated  in  the  public  schools  and 
Baker  University,  graduating  in  the  class  of  1894,'  with  the  degree  of 
Bachelor  of  Letters,  and  was  a  teacher  of  art  before  her  marriage.  To 
Dr.  and  Mrs.  Garlinghouse  have  been  born  three  children :  Marjorie 
Pearle,  born  July  25,  1900,  Robert  Orestes  and  Richard  Earl,  twins, 
born  March  19,  1910.  Dr.  Garlinghouse  has  been  active  in  Y.  M.  C.  A. 
work  and  was  one  of  the  promoters  of  that  organization  in  lola,  and  has 
been  a  member  of  the  board  of  directors  ever  since  the  association  was 
established  there.  He  is  a  member  of  the  County,  State  and  American 
Medical  Associations,  and  Kansas  Homeopathic  Medical  Association, 
and  was  jjresident  of  that  organization  during  the  j'ears  1911-12-13.  He 
is  a  member  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church  of  which  he  is  a  trustee, 


BIOGRAPHICAL  263 

and  his  fraternal  affiliations  are  with  the  Benevolent  and  Protective 
Order  of  l-'.lks.  and  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows. 

Robert  O.  Christian,  M.  D.,  a  prominent  ph3sician  and  surgeon  of  lola 
is  a  native  son  of  Kansas.  He  was  born  in  lola,  December  ii,  1878,  and 
is  a  son  of  James  \V.  and  Jane  Barbara  (Steele)  Christian,  both  natives 
of  Virginia.  The  family  came  to  Kansas  in  i860,  locating  on  a  farm  in 
Allen  county,  near  lola,  and  here  the  father  was  successfully  engaged  in 
farming  and  stock  raising  until  his  death  which  occurred  in  1888.  The 
mother  now  resides  at  lola.  Dr.  Christian  was  reared  on  the  farm  and 
attended  the  ])ublic  schools  of  Allen  county  until  he  was  fourteen  years 
old.  He  then  went  to  Iowa  City,  Iowa,  where  he  attended  school  for  a 
time  and  later  his  mother  removed  to  Emporia,  Kans.,  in  order  that  the 
children  might  have  better  educational  advantages,  and  Dr.  Christian 
attended  the  College  of  Emporia  three  j'ears.  In  1898.  when  the  Spanish- 
American  war  broke  out,  he  enlisted  in  Company  I.  Twentieth  Regiment, 
Kansas  infantry,  and  served  in  the  Philippine  Islands  with  that  famous 
organization,  for  eighteen  months,  when  he  returned  to  his  Kansas  home, 
after  receiving  his  discharge  in  October,  1899.  He  then  entered  the 
University  Medical  College,  Kansas  City,  Mo.,  and  was  graduated  in 
the  class  of  1903,  with  the  degree  of  Doctor  of  Medicine.  After  serving 
one  year  as  interne  in  the  University  Hospital,  Dr.  Christian  returned 
to  his  home  town,  where  he  has  since  been  successfully  engaged  in  the 
practice  of  his  profession.  In  addition  to  his  practice,  he  has  been 
interested  in  various  enterprises  and  has  invested  extensively  in  real 
estate.  He  owns  six  himdred  acres  of  land  in  Allen  county,  and  has 
farm  property  in  the  irrigated  district  of  Texas.  He  was  a  member  of 
the  United  States  Board  of  Pension  Examiners  for  a  number  of  years, 
and  is  local  surgeon  for  the  Santa  Fc  Railroad  Company,  and  is  also 
medical  examiner  for  the  United  States  Marine  Corps.  Dr.  Christian  is  a 
member  of  the  County,  State  and  American  Medical  Associations,  and  the 
Benevolent  and  Protective  Order  of  Elks.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Pres- 
byterian church  and  his  political  views  are  Republican. 

Herbert  M.  Webb,  M.  D.,  a  prominent  physician  and  surgeon  of 
Hunibiildl,  Kan^..  i>  a  nali\e  of  Kansas.  He  was  born  at  Ottawa,  July 
23.  1877,  and  is  a  sgn  of  M.  O.  and  Annie  (Fullerton)  Webb,  natives  of 
Maine.  The  father  came  to  Kansas  about  1873,  and  was  a  locomotive 
engineer  throughout  life.  He  died  in  1900.  I  lis  wife,  the  mother  of 
Dr.  Webb,  i)assed  away  in  1887.  Dr.  Webb  was  educated  in  the  public 
schools  of  Ottawa  and  Osawatomic,  graduating  from  the  Osawatomie 
High  School  in  the  class  of  1893.  '^"^  then  learned  the  machinist's  trade, 
wliich  he  worked  at  until  1902.  He  then  entered  the  Lincoln  Medical 
Cf>llcge,  Lincoln,  Nebr.,  and  was  graduated  from  that  institution  in  the 
class  of  1906,  with  tiie  degree  «f  Doctor  of  ^^edicine.  He  then  located  at 
Humboldt,  Kans.,  which  has  since  been  the  field  of  his  professional  activi- 
ties.   Dr.  Webb  is  a  successful  physician  and  has  built  up  a  large  practice. 


264  '  BIOGKAl'URA], 

lie  was  united  in  marriage  October  5,  1898,  to  Miss  Blanche  Fowler,  of 
(Jttawa,  Kans.  She  is  a  daughter  of  A.  S.  and  Harriett  M.  Fowler,  natives 
of  P'enns}-lvania.  The  father  was  a  blacksmith,  and  died  when  Mrs. 
Webb  was  a  child.  Mrs.  Webb  was  reared  and  educated  in  Ottaw-a, 
Kans.,  and  graduated  from  tiie  Ottawa  High  School,  in  the  class  of  1897. 
To  Dr.  and  Mrs.  Webb  has  been  born  one  child :  Jeanette  A.,  a  student  in 
the  Humboldt  schools.  Dr.  Webb  is  a  member  of  the  County,  State  and 
American  Medical  Associations,  and  is  a  member  of  the  United  States 
Pension  Board,  and  is  medical  examiner  for  the  United  States  Marine 
Corps.  He  is  a  .Scottish  Rite  Mason,  a  member  of  the  Ancient  Order  of 
United  Workmen,  and  the  Eastern  Star.  Mrs.  Webb  is  also  a  member  of 
the  Eastern  Star,  and  the  family  are  members  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal 
church.  Dr.  Webb  takes  an  active  interest  in  local  affairs  and  is  a 
member  of  the  school  board  of  which  he  is  president. 

Joseph  H.  Hindman,  M.  D.,  a  prominent  member  of  the  medical  pro- 
fession of  Allen  county,  is  a  native  of  Missouri.  He  was  born  at  Mem- 
phis, August  18,  1872,  and  is  a  son  of  Rev.  D.  R.  and  Mary  M.  (Bohom) 
Hindman,  the  former  a  native  of  Pennsylvania  and  the  latter  of  Ken- 
tucky. The  father  was  a  clergyman  of  the  Presbyterian  denomination, 
and  devoted  his  life  to  the  ministry.  He  died  March  11,  1908.  In  1880, 
the  family  came  to  Kansas,  and  settled  in  Ellsworth  county,  and  here  Dr. 
Hindman  began  his  education  in  the  district  schools.  After  obtaining  a 
good  elementary  education,  he  entered  Park  College,  at  Park\-ille,  Mo., 
where  he  completed  the  prescribed  course.  He  then  entered  the  Kansas 
Medical  College  at  Topeka,  and  was  graduated  in  the  class  of  1895,  with 
the  degree  of  Doctor  of  Medicine.  He  then  engaged  in  the  practice  of  his 
profession  at  Auburn,  Kans.,  where  he  remained  about  a  year,  when  he 
removed  to  Admire,  Kans.,  remaining  about  the  same  length  of  time, 
when  he  went  to  Deerfield,  Mo.,  and  practiced  eighteen  months,  when  he 
again  changed  his  location,  this  time  going  to  McAllister,  Okla.,  as 
l)hysician  for  a  coal  company.  He  remained  there  until  January,  1901, 
when  he  came  to  HumlDoldt,  Kans.,  where  he  has  since  been  engaged  in 
the  practice  of  his  profession.  Dr.  Hindman  is  a  skilled  physician,  and 
has  met  with  uniform  success.  He  was  married  June  4,  1895,  to  Miss 
Elizabeth,  daughter  of  John  and  Lucy  (Danna)  Stewart,  the  former  a 
native  of  Ohio,  and  the  latter  of  Virginia.  They  were  pioneers  of  Kansas, 
settling  in  iVIlen  county  in  1859,  where  the  father  w'as  successfully  en- 
gaged in  farming  until  his  death  in  1897.  Mrs.  Hindman  was  educated 
in  the  public  schools  of  Huml)oldt  and  Park  College,  Parkville,  Mo.  Dr. 
Hindman  is  a  member  of  the  County,  State  and  American  Medical  Asso- 
ciations, and  is  vice-president  of  the  Allen  County  Medical  Association. 
He  is  a  member  of  the  Masonic  Lodge,  and  he  and  his  wife  are  members 
of  the  Presbyterian  church.  ♦ 

Capt.  Samuel  J.  Stewart,  a  Kansas  pioneer  and  Civil  war  veteran,  now 
living  retired  at  lluniljoldt,  Kans.,  is  a  native  of  the  Buckeve  State.     He 


BIOGRArilR  AI.  265 

was  born  in  Miami  county,  Ohio,  March  28,  1833,  a  son  of  Jose])h  and 
Mary  (Coe)  Stewart.  The  tatlier  who  was  a  pliysician,  was  a  native  of 
South  Carolina,  and  was  brought  to  Ohio  by  his  parents  when  a  child. 
The  mother  was  a  native  of  Ohio.  She  died  in  1835,  when  Samuel  J.,  of 
this  review  was  two  years  old,  and  five  years  later  his  father  died,  leaving 
him  an  orphan  at  the  age  of  seven  years.  After  the  death  of  his  father, 
the  boy  went  to  live  with  an  uncle,  William  Stewart  at  Champaign,  111. 
Here  he  attended  school  and  grew  to  manhood,  and  in  1855,  went  to 
Lafayette,  Ind.,  and  worked  for  a  brother,  about  a  year,  and  in  1856, 
he  and  his  brother,  Watson,  came  to  Kansas,  driving  the  entire  distance 
in  a  "prairie  schooner."  They  settled  in  Allen  county,  south  of  where 
Humboldt  now  stands,  on  Osage  Indian  lands.  Here,  Captain  Stewart 
engaged  in  farming  and  stock  raising  which  has  been  the  principal  occu- 
pation of  his  life.  When  he  came  to  this  State,  the  border  warfare  was 
at  high  water  mark.  He  was  a  pronounced  free-State  man  and  had  many 
exciting  adventures  in  those  trying  times.  \\'hen  he  and  his  brother 
drove  from  Indiana,  the}'  had  their  household  goods  shipped  to  Kansas 
City,  and  after  reaching  .Allen  county,  he  sent  a  man  with  a  team  to 
Kansas  City  after  his  goods,  and  when  returning,  the  border  rufKans, 
under  the  notorious  Allen  McGhee  cajitured  the  outfit  at  Westport,  and 
ordered  the  driver  to  leave  town,  who  returned  to  .Allen  county  on  foot. 
When  Captain  Stewart  learned  of  the  incident  he  proceeded  to  Kansas 
City,  alone,  and  recovered  one  of  his  horses,  the  wagon  and  most  of  his 
goods  frt)m  the  bandits.  This,  however,  did  not  satisfy  him  and  six 
years  afterwards,  while  serving  in  the  army.  Captain  Stewart  located  Mc- 
Ghee, and  called  upon  him  personall)',  and  demanded  satisfaction  for  the 
wrong  that  had  been  done  him.  McGhee  had  no  money,  but  he  gave 
Captain  Stewart  a  gold  watch  which  was  valued  at  $200.00.  This  was 
one  of  the  many  incidents  of  the  border  warfare  which  Captain  Stewart 
experienced.  His  early  home  in  Kansas  was  among  the  Osage  Indians 
with  whom  he  was  very  friendly,  and  he  and  his  brother  were  adopted  by 
the  tribe  as  brothers  to  Chief  "Little  liear."  They  frequently  assisted  the 
Indians  in  their  trouljlcs.  and  at  one  time,  drove  a  band  of  horse  thieves 
out  of  the  county,  who  iiad  been  stealing  the  Indians'  iHinies.  Captain 
Stewart  took  a  prominent  ])art  in  tlie  early  lerrilinial  politics,  and  in 
1857,  was  elected  a  member  of  the  territorial  legislature,  and  served  in 
what  was  known  as  the  first  Free  Stale  legislature.  He  was  a  delegate 
to  the  Free  State  Convention  held  at  Grasshop]')er  Falls,  in  1857.  This 
was  the  first  decisive  move  of  the  Free  State  men  of  the  territory.  In 
those  early  days,  he  was  closely  associated  with  sucli  men  as  I'lumb, 
Ri)binson,  Ponicroy  and  Lane.  Up  to  1861,  CajUain  Stewart  had  been 
ke]jt  busy  with  border  ruffians  and  other  incidents  of  pioneer  life  on  the 
plains  and  now  another  important  duty  confronted  him.  and  in  August. 
1861,  he  enlisted  in  Company  H.  Fourth  Regiment.  Kansas  infantry,  and 
was  mustered  in  as  first  lieutenant  of  his  company,  and  in  l'\'bruary.  1863, 


266  BIOGRAPHICAL 

was  promoted  to  Captain  and  mustered  out  with  that  rank  in  August, 
1864.  He  served  in  the  Fourth  Regiment  until  the  spring  of  1862,  when 
the  Third  and  Fourth  Kansas  Regiments  were  consolidated  into  the 
Tenth  Regiment,  Kansas  infantry,  and  served  with  that  regiment  until 
he  was  discharged.  A  record  of  the  service  of  these  regiments  is  fully 
set  forth  in  another  volume  of  this  work.  At  the  close  of  the  war, 
Captain  Stewart  returned  to  his  Allen  county  home,  and  engaged  in  the 
more  peaceful  pursuits  of  farming  and  stock  raising  until  he  retired  in 
1901,  and  removed  to  Humboldt,  where  he  is  now  enjoying  the  fruits  of 
former  well  directed  efforts.  He  has  given  his  sons,  each  valuable  farms, 
and  still  owns  three  hundred  and  seventy  acres  of  valuable  farm  land, 
which  is  located  in  the  oil  belt  of  Allen  county.  The  daily  production  of 
oil  on  his  farm  is  about  five  hundred  barrels.  Captain  Stewart  was  first 
married  in  December,  1864,  to  Miss  \'ictoria  L.  Tinder,  of  Monticello,  111., 
who  died  in  September,  1866.  and  in  September,  1869,  he  married  Miss 
Emma  Heath,  of  ]\Ionticello,  111.,  and  to  this  union  seven  children  were 
born  as  follows :  Charles  A.,  who  represents  the  Standard  Oil  Company  at 
Humboldt,  Kans. ;  AN'illiam  \\"atson,  engaged  in  the  ice  business,  Chanute, 
Kans. ;  Lula,  married  C.  H.  Dickerson,  resides  on  the  home  farm;  Hattie 
B.,  married  R.  M.  Porter,  cashier  of  the  First  National  Bank,  Humboldt; 
Harvey  H.,  Humboldt;  Sadie,  married  W.  J.  Davis,  farmer,  Neosho, 
Kans.,  and  Effie.  married  Archie  Pickle,  St.  Joseph.  Mo.  Captain  Stewart 
has  been  a  life  long  Republican,  and  a  consistent  supporter  of  the  policies 
and  principles  of  that  party.  He  was  elected  State  representative  in 
1882,  and  re-elected  in  1885,  and  in  1900,  was  elected  State  senator  from 
the  Fourteenth  District,  serving  one  term,  and  while  a  member  of  the 
Hotise  of  Representatives  and  Senate  was  active  and  influential  in  the 
legislation  of  those  sessions.  He  served  as  chairman  of  the  Roads  and 
I  Bridges  Committee  while  a  member  of  the  Senate  and  was  instrumental 
in  changing  the  system  of  road  taxation.  Captain  Stewart  is  a  member 
of  the  Christian  Science  church,  and  the  Grand  Army  of  the  Republic. 
He  is  past  commander  of  the  Humboldt  Post,  and  was  a  delegate  to  the 
national  convention  held  at  Detroit,  in   1914. 

Johnson  W.  Pettijohn,  M.  D.,  a  pioneer  Jackson  county  physician  is  a 
native  nf  Ohio,  lie  was  born  at  Sardenia,  Brown  county,  Ohio,  October 
27,  1833,  and  is  a  son  of  William  B.  and  Elizabeth  (Johnson)  Pettijohn, 
natives  of  Virginia.  The  father  was  a  pioneer  of  Ohio,  and  followed 
farming  in  that  State  until  his  death.  He  was  an  old  time  Whig  and  one 
of  the  early  Abolitionists  of  Ohio.  He  was  born  in  1807,  and  died  in 
i860.  Dr.  Pettijohn  spent  his  boyhood  days  on  a  farm  and  attended  the 
public  schools  of  Brown  county,  Ohio,  and  after  receiving  a  good  prepa- 
ratory education,  he  entered  the  medical  department  of  the  University  of 
Alichigan.  Ann  Arbor,  Mich.,  where  he  began  the  study  of  medicine,  but 
finished  his  course  at  the  Georgetown  Medical  College,  Georgetown, 
D.  C.  where  he  was  graduated  in  the  class  of  1864,  with  the  degree  of 


BIOGRAPHICAL  267 

Doctor  of  Medicine.  Shortly  after  graduating  he  was  appointed  assistant 
surgeon  in  the  United  States  Army,  and  later  qualitied  before  the  exam- 
ining board,  and  was  assigned  to  duty  in  the  Nineteenth  Regiment,  Unit- 
ed States  infantry.  On  account  of  an  attack  of  rheumatism,  he  resigned, 
and  entered  the  hospital  service,  and  was  assigned  to  Arlington  Hospital. 
He  spent  about  two  and  one-half  years  in  the  service,  resigning  in  the 
fall  of  1865,  but  was  not  relieved  until  the  spring  of  1866.  He  then  located 
at  Lynchburg.  Ohio,  where  he  was  engaged  in  the  practice  of  his  pro- 
fession eleven  years.  In  1879,  he  came  to  Kansas,  locating  on  a  farm  in 
Jackson  county,  where  he  followed  farming  and  stock  raising,  and  at  the 
same  time  continuing  the  practice  of  his  profession.  He  was  the  first 
physician  of  the  new  town  of  Hoyt,  and  continued  the  practice  there 
with  unqualified  success  until  1911.  when  he  retired.  He  and  his  son, 
William  R..  have  operated  the  farm  in  partnership  since  the  boy  finished 
school.  They  have  been  extensive  stock  raisers,  making  a  specialty  of 
Herefords  for  a  number  of  years.  They  also  raise  a  large  number  ot  hogs 
for  the  market.  Their  farm  is  located  two  and  one-half  miles  west  of 
Hoyt.  and  is  one  of  the  model  farms  of  Jackson  county.  Dr.  Pettijohn 
is  a  Republican  and  has  taken  an  active  interest  in  politics.  He  served 
one  term  in  the  State  legislature,  but  decided  some  years  ago  that  a 
political  career  was  not  to  his  liking,  and  he  has  refused  to  accept  politi- 
cal office  in  recent  years.  He  was  married  in  i860  to  Miss  Francis  E., 
daughter  of  John  and  Rebecca  (.Stone )  Ridings,  natives  of  \^irginia,  where 
Mrs.  Pettijohn  was  also  born.  The  famil)-  removed  from  \'irginia  to 
Hillsboro,  Ohio,  where  the  father  worked  at  his  trade,  which  was  that  of 
a  machinist.  He  built  the  first  threshing  machine  which  wa;^  manu- 
factured in  the  West.  He  was  also  engaged  in  the  mercantile  business. 
Mrs.  Pettijohn  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Ohio  and  the  Hills- 
boro Female  College.  To  Dr.  and  Mrs.  Pettijohn,  was  born  one  child. 
William  R..  a  sketch  of  whom  follows.  The  wife  and  mother  departed 
this  life  in  1906.  She  was  a  noble  type  of  American  womanhood  and  lived 
a  consistent  Christian  life.  Dr.  Pettijohn  has  been  a  member  of  the  Inde- 
pendent Order  of  Odd  I""ellows  for  over  forty  years  and  is  a  Royal  .Arch 
Ma.son.  He  is  a  member  of  the  County,  State,  and  .American  Medical 
Associations,  and  holds  membership  in  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church, 
of  which  he  is  a  trustee. 

William  R.  Pettijohn,  a  successful  farmer  and  stockman  of  Hoyt. 
Kans..  was  born  at  Fincastle.  Ohio.  October  10.  1863.  He  is  a  son  of 
Dr.  Johnson  W.  Pettijolin,  a  personal  sketch  of  whom  precedes  this 
review.  He  received  his  education  in  the  public  schools  and  later 
entered  Kansas  .'^tate  .Agricultural  College  where  he  remained  one  year, 
and  then  attended  Cam|)bell  University  at  Holton.  He  then  engaged 
in  farming  and  stock  raising  in  partnership  with  his  father,  on  the  home 
place  near  Hoyt,  Kans.  They  have  operated  together,  and  have  met 
with  good  success,  and  rank  among  tiie  progressive  farmers  and  stock 


268  BIOGRAPHICAL 

raisers  of  Jackson  county.  Mr.  Pettijohn  has  been  active  outside  of  the 
field  of  agricultiiral  endeavor,  and  in  1902,  organized  the  Hoyt  Tele- 
phone Company,  and  is  now  the  sole  owner  of  that  enterprise  which  is 
a  prosperous  concern,  with  over  two  hundred  telephones  in  operation. 
The  central  exchange  is  located  at  Hoyt.  He  was  one  of  the  organ- 
izers, and  a  member  of  the  first  board  of  directors  of  the  Hoyt  State 
Bank,  and  is  still  a  stockholder  in  that  institution.  He  is  also  a  stock- 
holder in  the  Southwestern  Blati  Gas  Company  of  Kansas  City,  Mo. 
Mr.  Pettijohn  was  united  in  marriage,  September  13,  1893,  to  Miss 
Anna  R.  Broderick,  daughter  of  Case  Broderick,  a  personal  sketch  of 
whom  appears  in  these  volumes.  Mrs.  Pettijohn  was  born  in  Jackson 
coimty,  Kans.,  and  is  a  graduate  of  the  Holton  High  School  and  Camp- 
bell Universit}-.  ]\Ir.  and  Mrs.  Pettijohn  have  one  child,  Ada  L.,  a 
student  in  Bethany  College,  Topeka,  Kans.  Mr.  Pettijohn  is  a  Republi- 
can, and  takes  an  active  interest  in  local  politics.  He  is  a  Scottish  Rite 
Mason. 

Milton  Smyth  McGrew,  M.  D.,  a  well  known  and  successful  Jackson 
county  physician,  is  a  native  of  Ohio.  He  was  born  in  Bowerston, 
Ohio,  ^lay  5,  1867,  and  is  a  son  of  Xathan  L.  and  Sarah  (Smyth)  Mc- 
Grew. The  father  came  to  Kansas  in  1870,  and  engaged  in  the  mer- 
cantile business  at  Holton,  which  he  followed  until  1899,  when  he  re- 
tired. He  died  in  1902,  and  is  survived  by  his  wife.  Dr.  McGrew  was 
educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Holton  and  graduated  from  the  high 
school.  He  then  attended  Campbell  University  two  years.  He  then 
clerked  in  his  father's  store  two  years,  .when  he  entered  Hahnemann 
Medical  College  of  Chicago,  where  he  was  graduated  in  the  class  of 
1891.  with  the  degree  of  Doctor  of  ^ledicine.  He  then  returned  to 
Holton  and  engaged  in  the  practice  of  his  profession,  where  he  has 
since  remained.  Dr.  McGrew  has  a  large  practice  and  is  a  skillful 
l^hysician.  He  was  married  August  i,  1894,  to  Miss  Gertrude,  daugh- 
ter of  Frank  and  Julia  (Hubble)  White,  the  former  a  native  of  Penn- 
sylvania and  the  latter  of  Kentucky.  Mrs.  McGrew  was  born  in  Hol- 
ton and  educated  in  the  public  schools  of  that  cit3\  To  Dr.  and  Mrs. 
McGrew  has  been  born  one  child,  Xathan  ^^'hite.  born  May  23,  1897, 
now  a  student  in  the  Holton  High  School.  Dr.  McGrew  has  served  as 
county  physician  of  Jackson  county  for  eight  3'ears.  He  is  a  member 
of  the  Ancient  Free  and  Accepted  ^lasons,  the  Ancient  Order  of  United 
Workmen.  Yoemen,  Sons  and  Daughters  of  Justice,  Fraternal  Aid,  and 
the  I^oyal  Order  of  Moose.  Mrs.  McGrew  is  a  member  of  the  Pres- 
byterian church. 

Joseph  M.  Burns,  a  pioneer  business  man  of  Jackson  county,  was 
born  in  Daviess  county.  Indiana,  March  20.  1859.  and  is  a  son  of  Charles 
R.  and  Emalie  J.  (Hasting)  Burns.  The  father  was  a  farmer  and 
stock  raiser  and  when  Joseph  M.  was  four  years  old  the  family  came 
to  Kansas  and   settled  on   the  green   rolling  prairies   where  the  father 


BIOGRAPHICAL  .  269 

was  engaged  in  faniiini;  and  slock  raising  for  several  years.  He  was 
prominent  in  early  day  politics  and  was  elected  to  the  legislature  from 
Jackson  county  in  1871.  He  also  served  as  township  trustee  and  lield 
other  local  offices.  He  retired  from  business  in  the  sunset  of  his  life, 
and  spent  a  few  years  in  Hoyt.  where  he  died  in  March,  1910.  and 
where  his  widow  now  resides.  Joseph  M.  Burns  began  his  education 
in  the  subscription  schools  of  the  early  days  in  Kansas,  and  later 
attended  the  public  schools,  and  he  was  a  student  at  \\ashburn  College 
for  a  time.  He  then  engaged  in  farming  and  stock  raising  in  Jackson 
county  for  four  years,  and  about  this  time  the  Chicago,  Rock  Island  & 
Pacific  Railroad  was  built  into  the  town  of  Hoyt.  There  was  a  store 
and  post  office  named  Hoyt,  two  miles  west  of  the  present  town  of 
Hoyt,  and  Mr.  Burns  bought  this  stock  and  accepted  the  appointment 
of  postmaster,  with  the  understanding  that  the  post  office  should  be 
moved  to  the  railroad.  This  was  the  beginning  of  the  ]>resent  town  of 
Hoyt,  and  his  store  building  was  one  of  the  first,  if  not  the  first,  build- 
ing in  the  town.  He  continued  in  the  general  mercantile  business  there 
three  years  when  he  sold  out»  and  engaged  in  the  grain  business  at 
that  point.  'J'here  was  no  elevator  at  that  time,  and  grain  was  loaded 
direct  into  the  cars  from  wagons.  Mr.  Piurns  operated  in  this  way 
about  five  years,  when  an  elevator  was  built,  which  he  managed  a  few 
years,  when  he  engaged  in  the  insurance  and  collecting  business,  and 
about  the  same  time,  became  assistant  cashier  of  the  Ho\-t  State  Bank 
and  served  in  that  cai)acity  for  six  or  seven  years.  He  is  still  interested 
in  the  bank,  and  has  various  other  local  interests.  He  was  married 
July  I,  1880,  to  Miss  Susan  E.  Maris,  daughter  of  L.  D.  and  Sophrono 
Maris,  natives  of  Iowa  who  came  to  Jackson  county-  in  187Q,  where 
the  father  engaged  in  farming  and  stock  raising.  Mrs.  Burns  is  a 
native  of  Iowa  and  was  educated  in  the  jjublic  schools  of  her  native 
State.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Burns  have  been  born  four  children:  Lewis 
C,  a  sketch  of  whom  appears  in  this  volume;  Reuben,  an  emi)loyee  of 
the  United  .States  Express  Com])any,  Tojjeka,  married  Maggie  O'Brien 
and  they  have  f)ne  child,  I'"lcnor  lielle;  Raymond,  assistant  cashier  of 
the  Hoyt  State  Bank,  and  I'llenor,  deceased.  The  wife  and  mother 
departed  this  life  January  20,  1903.  On  September  20,  1903,  Mr.  Burns 
married  Miss  Clemnia  Peyrouse,  daughter  of  John  and  Mary  I'eyrouse, 
natives  of  Pennsylvania,  who  came  to  Kansas  and  located  in  Pottawa- 
tomie coimty.  Mrs.  Iiurns  was  born  in  Pennsylvania  and  was  educated 
in  the  public  schools  of  that  State  and  Kansas.  She  taught  school  in 
Pottawatomie  county  five  years  prior  to  her  marriage.  Mrs.  Burns  is 
a  nicnilH'r  i>f  ilu-  Catholic  church. 

Lewis  C.  Burns,  cashier  of  the  Hoyt  State  Bank,  Hoyt,  Kans.,  was 
1)orn  in  Jackson  county,  May  29,  1884,  and  is  a  son  of  Joseph  M.  Burns, 
a  sketch  of  whom  appears  in  this  volume.  He  spent  his  boyhood  days 
in    Hoyt,   and   was   educated    in    the   public    schools   and    Kansas   State 


270  BIOGRAPHICAL 

Agricultural  College  at  Manhattan.  In  the  fall  of  1902.  he  entered  the 
Hoyt  State  Bank,  as  assistant  cashier,  remaining  in  that  position  until 
1907,  when  he  became  cashier  and  has  remained  in  that  capacity  to 
the  present  time.  The  Hoyt  State  Bank  was  organized  in  January, 
1932,  with  a  capital  stock  of  $5,000.00,  and  it's  first  officers  were :  O.  D. 
Woodward,  president;  J.  M.  Woodward,  vice-president,  and  C.  M. 
Woodward,  cashier.  In  1907.  Jesse  Lasswell  purchased  the  controlling 
interest  in  the  bank,  and  became  president.  Frank  H.  Chase,  became 
vice-president,  and  Lewis  C.  Burns,  cashier.  On  January  i.  1913,  W. 
H.  Lasswell,  became  president,  the  other  officers  remaining  the  same. 
The  bank  owns  its  own  building,  and  in  1908,  the  capital  stock  was 
increased  to  $10,000.00.  The  Hoyt  State  Bank  has  had  a  healthy  and 
substantial  growth  since  its  organization.  The  first  statement  showed 
its  resources  to  be,  $6,591.48  and  the  last  official  statement  shows  $126,- 
892.63  resources,  with  deposits  amounting  to  S105.817. 77.  The  officers 
and  stock  holders  of  this  bank  represent  some  of  the  strongest  men  of 
finance  in  Jackson  county.  In  January,  1914,  Mr.  Burns  became  inter- 
ested in  the  First  National  Bank  of  Mayetta,  and  is  now  a  member  of 
the  board  of  directors  of  that  institution,  and,  although  a  young  man, 
he  is  considered  one  of  the  capable  bankers  in  Jackson  county.  He 
possesses  that  rare  combination  which  might  be  called  progressive  con- 
servatism, which  seems  to  be  a  characteristic  of  successful  bankers.  Mr. 
Burns  was  married  May  29.  1908.  to  Miss  Bess  M.,  daughter  of  C.  E. 
and  Jane  Ketterman,  natives  of  Ohio,  who  came  to  Kansas  where  the 
father  followed  farming,  and  later  was  engaged  in  the  mercantile  busi- 
ness at  Hoyt.  Kans.  Mrs.  Burns  was  born  in  Jackson  county,  and 
educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Hoyt  and  Baker  University,  Baldwin, 
Kans.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Burns,  has  been  born,  one  child.  Lewis  Jean, 
born  November  16,  1912.  Mr.  Burns  is  a  member  of  the  Ancient  Free 
and  Accepted  Masons,  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows,  and  he  and 
his  wife  belong  to  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church  and  Mrs.  Burns 
holds  membership  in  the  Eastern  Star. 

David  Coleman,  a  prominent  farmer  and  stockman  of  Jackson  county, 
is  a  native  of  Kansas,  and  descendant  of  pioneer  parents.  He  was  born 
in  Jackson  county,  March  24,  1863,  and  is  a  son  of  George  and  Elizabeth 
(Boyce)  Coleman,  natives  of  England.  They  immigrated  to  Canada  at 
an  early  day  and  from  there  to  Illinois.  In  1855.  they  came  to  Kansas 
and  settled  in  Calhoun  county,  now  Jackson,  where  the  father  engaged  in 
farming  and  stock  raising,  and  was  among  the  very  early  settlers  of  that 
section  of  the  State.  He  died  in  August,  1883.  The  Coleman  family  con- 
sisted of  seven  children,  of  whom  David  was  the  youngest.  He  spent  his 
boyhood  da3's  on  the  home  farm  and  attended  the  country  schools.  He 
loUowed  farming  and  stock  raising  until  1889.  when  he  removed  to  Deni- 
son  and  engaged  in  the  grain  and  elevator  business.  He  also  carried  on  a 
live  stock  business,  buying  and  shipping  stock  in  large  numbers.     He 


BIOGRAPHICAL  27I 

remained  in  the  grain  business  until  1912,  but  since  191 1,  he  has  resided 
on  his  farm  which  adjoins  the  town  of  Denison.  In  191 1,  he  enga,tjcd  in 
the  dairy  business  in  a  small  way,  at  first.  He  was  successful  in  this 
enterprise  and  the  business  developed  rapidly  and  today  he  is  one  of  the 
most  extensive  dairy  men  in  Jackson  county.  He  has  a  large  herd  of 
pure  bred  Holstein  cows,  and  has  equipped  his  place  with  all  modern 
methods  and  improvements  for  conducting  dair\-  business  on  an  extensive 
scale.  In  1913,  he  built  one  of  the  most  modern  and  complete  dairy  barns 
in  that  section  of  the  State,  equipped  with  electric  lights  and  all  conven- 
iences. In  1914.  he  bought  back  a  half  interest  in  the  elevator  and  is 
again  conducting  the  grain  business  at  Denison  in  connection  with  the 
other  interests.  In  1908,  Mr.  Coleman  become  interested  in  the  Denison 
State  Bank,  and  is  now  one  of  the  directors  of  that  institution.  He  was 
married  July  4,  1885,  to  Miss  Lillie  Ann,  daughter  of  Alplus  and  Rosana 
(Aker)  Bainbridge.  natives  of  Missouri.  The  father  was  a  farmer  and 
stockman,  and  a  pioneer  of  Kansas,  coming  to  this  State  in  1856.  He 
was  one  of  the  early  settlers  of  Jackson  county  where  he  resided  until 
his  death,  in  January,  1895.  Mrs.  Coleman  was  born  in  Jackson  county. 
Kansas,  and  received  her  education  in  the  public  schools.  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Coleman  have  five  children :  Walter  Allen,  a  sketch  of  whom  follows 
this  article;  Roy  David,  a  graduate  of  the  Kansas  State  Agricultural  Col- 
lege; Darius  B.;  Noel  E. ;  and  Gladys  M.  Mr.  Coleman  is  a  Democrat, 
and  was  the  first  mayor  of  Denison.  He  is  a  progressive  and  public  spir- 
ited citizen  and  takes  an  active  interest  in  all  movements,  tending  to  pro- 
mote the  Social  or  commercial  betterment  of  the  community. 

Walter  Allen  Coleman,  cashier  of  the  Denison  State  Bank,  was  born  in 
Jackson  county,  May  12,  1886,  and  is  a  son  of  David  Coleman,  a  sketch 
of  whom  precedes  this  review.  Walter  Allen  Coleman  was  educated  in 
the  public  schools  of  Jackson  county,  and  graduated  from  the  Denison 
school,  and  after  attending  the  State  Normal  School  at  Emporia,  he  took 
a  cf)mmercial  course  in  the  Central  Business  College  of  Sedalia,  Mo.  He 
then  worked  in  the  Denison  State  Bank,  as  bookkeeper  until  1906,  when 
he  went  to  ^^'ann.  Indian  Territory,  as  cashier  of  The  ^\'ann  State  Bank. 
He  remained  in  that  position  until  A]iril.  1907,  when  he  went  to  Coffey- 
ville,  Kans.,  as  bookkeeper  of  the  Peoples  State  Savings  Bank,  and  on 
December  i,  1907,  he  returned  to  Denison  and  assisted  his  father  in  the 
grain  business  until  January  i,  1909,  when  he  became  cashier  of  the 
Denison  State  Bank  and  has  since  held  that  position.  Mr.  Coleman  was 
married  June  2,  1909,  to  Miss  Edith  Artman,  daughter  of  John  S.  and 
Eva  Artman,  of  Jackson  county.  Mrs.  Coleman  was  l)orn  in  Jackson 
county,  and  educated  in  the  public  schools  and  Cam])bell  University', 
being  a  graduate  of  the  latter  institution.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Coleman  have 
one  child.  Howard.  They  are  members  of  the  Methodist  Episc<")pal 
church.  Mr.  Coleman  is  a  Democrat,  and  has  served  on  the  city  council 
of  Denison,  and  was  acting  mayor  for  six  months.     Although  a  young 


272  BlOGRArmCAL 

man.  liis  broad  experience  in  the  banking  business,  well  fits  him  for  the 
responsible  positiun  which  he  holds. 

George  S.  Linscott,  president  of  the  Linscott  State  Bank,  of  Holton, 
Kan.,  was  born  in  \\'ashington  county,  Iowa,  November  4,  1868,  son  of 
S.  K.  and  Josephine  (^Mallett'l  Linscott.  His  father  was  born  in  Chester- 
ville.  Me.,  descendant  of  fine  old  Scotch-English  ancestry.  When  only 
sixteen  years  of  age  he  left  his  native  State  and  located  in  Illinois  and 
engaged  in  farming,  but  soon  realized  that  an  education  was  one  of  the 
essential  equipments  for  a  man  to  succeed  in  the  world,  and  went  to  New 
"S'ork.  where  he  entered  Hamilton  College.  There  he  met  and  married 
Miss  i\l3ra  Simmons.  They  came  west  and  for  some  years  engaged  in 
farming  on  an  eighty-acre  farm  in  Washington  county,  Iowa,  raising  corn 
and  selling  it  at  ten  cents  a  bushel,  and  fat  hogs  at  $1.50  per  100  pounds. 
During  tiie  Civil  war  Mrs.  Linscott  died,  leaving  a  daughter,  and  Mr. 
Linscott  enlisted  in  the  Ninth  Illinois  cavalry  and  served  in  Alabama 
and  Mississippi  until  the  close  of  the  war.  After  leaving  the  army  Mr. 
Linscott  returned  to  Iowa  and  engaged  in  the  mercantile  business.  In 
1866.  he  married  Miss  Josephine  Mallett.  whose  ancestors  were  Con- 
necticut Yankees  of  Norman  and  English  descent,  and  some  of  whose 
relatives  went  to  the  Sandwich  Islands  as  missionaries  in  1820.  Of 
this  union  were  born  seven  sons,  six  of  whom  grew  to  manhood.  In 
1872,  the  father  sold  his  interests  in  Iowa  and  came  to  Jackson  county, 
Kansas. — before  the  railroads  were  built.  Immediately  he  was  ofTered 
and  accepted  the  position  of  cashier  of  the  first  banking  house  started 
in  the  county.  The  ambition  grew  to  have  a  bank  of  his  own,  and  in 
1874.  he  sold  his  interest  in  the  Holton  Exchange  Bank  and  started  the 
lianking  house  of  S.  K.  Linscott.  For  thirty-two  years  he  was  the  able 
e.xecutive  of  the  bank  and  never  gave  up  work,  being  actively  engaged 
until  his  death,  December  11,  1906.  Mr.  Linscott  had  great  business  abil- 
ity and  foresaw  the  bright  future  of  Kansas.  He  dealt  largely  in  lands, 
bought,  farmed  and  sold  many  farms,  principally  buying  the  wild  prairie 
tracts  in  large  quantities  and  breaking  the  sod  and  improving  it,  and 
selling  in  small  tracts.  Always  a  pioneer- — to  Illinois  in  1853,  to  Iowa  in 
1858.  and  to  Kansas  in  1872 — in  1896,  Mr.  Linscott  went  to  southern 
Mexico  and  bought  some  50,000  acres  of  land  on  the  Isthmus  of  Te- 
huantepec.  Resides  being  a  pioneer  he  was  a  progressive  farmer,  being 
one  of  the  first  men  to  introduce  thoroughbred  Poland  China  hogs,  Short- 
horn and  Jersey  cattle  and  standard  bred  horses  into  Jackson  county.  He 
loved  horses  and  owned  a  number  of  good  ones,  among  them  being  King 
Sprague,  2:12:  Dandy  O.,  2:11,  and  Otto  W.,  2  :i3i4-  He  was  also  one  of 
the  first  to  introduce  the  growing  of  tame  grasses  in  the  county  and  was 
among  the  first  to  plant  alfalfa  and  demonstrate  that  it  was  a  paying  crop. 
It  produced  for  him  ten  and  one-quarter  tons  per  acre  in  one  season,  and 
he  was  among  the  very  first  to  use  a  silo,  building  one  on  "Hickorv  Hill" 
farm  in   1887.     W^e  always  look  up  to  the  men  who  accomplish  things 


rp   '//  (/'■ 


/(.     J f/IXf//. 


BIOGKAI'HUAI.  2/3 

in  tin's  wiirkl,  and  Mr.  I.inscott  always  was  building  up  and  improving. 
He  was  a  self-made  man.  having  achieved  success  b)'  his  own  efforts; 
was  self-educated,  but  never  felt  that  the  education  was  finished,  for  he 
was  a  scholar  to  the  end  of  his  life,  a  reader  and  a  thinker,  and  was  re- 
markably well  posted.  1  lolton  owes  much  to  this  great-hearted,  generous 
man,  as  many  of  its  best  buildings  were  built  by  him  or  through  his 
efforts,  and  he  always  encouraged  all  civic  improvements  and  was  a  liber- 
al contributor  to  them.  In  addition  to  the  battle  he  fought  for  his  own 
success,  he  assumed  all  the  indebtedness  of  his  father,  who  lost  heavily 
in  the  panic  of  1837.  and  did  not  rest  until  every  penny  was  paid,  which 
was  nine  years  after  his  father's  death. 

George  S.  Linscott  accompanied  his  parents  to  Kansas  when  a  young 
child,  coming  into  Holton  on  the  first  passenger  train  to  reach  that  place, 
and  was  reared  and  educated  in  Holton,  graduating  at  Campbell  Univer- 
sity in  1886.  After  leaving  school  he  entered  the  bank  with  his  father, 
and  having  a  natural  inclination  to  business  soon  learned  business  meth- 
ods, and  he  was  advanced  from  time  to  time  from  one  position  of  trust 
to  another,  serving  as  errand  boy,  assistant  cashier,  cashier,  vice-presi- 
dent, and  after  the  death  of  his  father  was  chosen  president  by  the  board 
of  directors,  which  position  he  is  filling  with  marked  ability  and  to  the 
entire  satisfaction  of  all  the  stockholders. 

Air.  Linscutt  is  interested  in  farming,  having  spent  five  of  his  younger 
years  on  a  farm,  and  is  proprietor  of  the  Linscott  Ranch  of  800  acres 
near  Kansas  City,  and  2,900  acres  in  Texas,  besides  lands  in  Missouri 
and  Oklahoma.  On  December  31,  1891,  at  Farmington,  Me.,  he  was  mar- 
ried to  Miss  Minnie  B.  Linscott,  a  native  of  that  city,  and  daughter  of 
Dr.  J.  J.  and  Rena  C.  (Hemenway)  Linscott.  Her  father,  besides  being  a 
practicing  ])hysician,  was  Democratic  State  senator,  and  her  grandfather, 
the  late  Josei)h  A.  Linscott,  was  cashier  of  the  Sandy  River  national 
Rank,  then  auditor  and  for  many  years  treasurer  of  the  Maine  Central 
railroad,  and  a  member  of  the  Governor's  Council.  He  and  the  late  S.  K. 
Linscott  were  cousins.  To  Mrs.  Minnie  B.  Linscott  belongs  the  honor  of 
having  organized  the  Samuel  Linscott  Chapter,  Daughters  of  the  Ameri- 
can Revolution,  with  the  largest  charter  membership  and  the  largest  num- 
ber of  descendants  of  one  person  belonging  to  any  one  chapter  ever  or- 
ganized anywhere, — this  one  having  twenty-three  descendants  of  Samuel 
I^inscott  among  its  charter  members.  To  her  also  belongs  the  honor  of 
being  descended  from  sixteen  Revolutionary  soldiers. 

Ceorgc  .S.  ;ind  Minnie  B.  Linscott  have  two  children — Orena  J.  and 
John  S.,  I)otli  students  in  the  high  school.  The  family  are  Methodists 
and  Mr.  Linscott  is  a  member  of  the  board  of  trustees  of  that  church, 
having  also  served  as  ])resident  of  the  building  committee  when  the  new 
$25,000  church  was  built.  He  is  also  president  of  the  board  of  education 
of  the  city  of  Holton,  treasurer  and  member  of  the  board  of  trustees  of 
Campbell  College,  trustee  of  the  Knights  of  Pythias  lodge  and  also  of 


271  BIOGRAPHICAL 

the  Odd  Fellows'  lodge ;  chief  of  the  Helton  volunteer  fire  company,  and 
trustee  of  the  Firemen's  Relief  Association.  He  was  one  of  the  incorpor- 
ators and  directors  of  the  Bonner  Portland  Cement  Company,  and  later 
was  a  member  of  the  stockholders'  reorganization  committee ;  and  he  was 
secretary  of  the  Jackson  County  iBuilding  &  Loan  Association.  He  is  a 
director  of  the  Kansas  State  Historical  Society,  a  member  of  the  National 
Geouraphical  Society,  and  also  of  the  Sons  of  the  American  Revolution. 

John  G.  Martians,  of  the  firm,  Dawson  &  ^Martlcns,  well  known  real 
estate  dealers  of  Holton,  Kans.,  is  a  native  of  Denmark,  born  February 
26,  1863.  He  is  a  son  of  J.  Gottlieb  and  Helena  'M.  ^lartlens.  The  father 
was  a  physician  in  his  native  land,  where  he  died  in  1870,  and  three  years 
later  John  G.  Martlens  came  to  .\merica  with  an  uncle,  and  settled  in 
New  York,  and  the  mother  and  three  sisters  remaining  in  Denmark,  and  , 
the  mother  still  resides  on  the  home  place  in  her  native  land.  John  G. 
Martlens  attended  the  public  schools  at  Courtland  and  Tulley,  N.  Y.,  and 
later  attended  college  at  Courtland,  N.  Y.  He  then  took  a  course  at  the 
\\'ells  Commercial  College  at  Syracuse,  N.  Y.  He  then  entered  the  em- 
ploy of  the  Solvi  Process  Company,  Syracuse,  N.  Y..  in  the  capacity  of  an 
overseer.  He  remained  with  that  company  about  eighteen  months,  when 
on  account  of  failing  health,  he  took  a  trip  south.  Later  he  returned  to' 
Syracuse,  and  was  employed  in  an  iron  works,  where  he  remained  about 
a  year,  but  continued  poor  health  necessitated  another  southern  trip, 
and  after  recovering  this  time,  he  located  at  Cincinnati,  Ohio,  where  he 
remained  one  year.  In  1883,  he  came  to  Circleville,  Kans..  and  was  em- 
ployed by  the  railroad  company-  there,  and  he  went  to  Finney  county, 
Kansas,  with  a  view  of  homesteading,  but  was  not  favorably  impressed 
with  that  section  of  the  country  and  returned  to  Circleville,  where  he 
followed  railroad  work  about  four  }-ears.  He  then  bought  a  farm  of 
eighty  acres  in  Grant  township.  Jackson  county,  and  engaged  in  farming 
and  stock  raising,  and  soon  increased  his  holdings  until  he  had  180  acres. 
He  remained  on  his  farm  until  February,  19 11,  when  he  removed  to 
Holton  and  formed  a  partnership  with  Mr.  Dawson  which  has  since  con- 
tinued. They  have  been  very  successful  in  their  operations,  and  are 
among  the  leading  real  estate  dealers  of  Jackson  county.  Mr.  Martlens 
owns  a  number  of  fine  farms  in  Jackson  county,  as  well  as  in  other  parts 
of  the  State.  He  was  united  in  marriage  February  24,  1891,  to  Miss  Mat- 
tie  E.  Hamm.  a  daughter  of  R.  P.  Hamm,  a  personal  sketch  of  whom 
appears  in  this  volume.  Mrs.  Martlens  was  born  in  Jackson  county  and 
educated  in  the  public  schools.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Martlens  are  members  of 
the  Methodist  Episcopal  church  and  his  fraternal  affiliations  are  with  the 
Knights  of  Pythias  and  the  ^lodern  \^'oodmen  of  America. 

Rev.  R.  P.  Hamm,  a  pioneer  Kansas  minister  and  farmer,  was  born  in 
Fleming  county,  Iventucky,  November  27,  1831,  a  son  of  George  and  Ruth 
(Riggs)  Hamm.  the  former  a  native  of  Virginia  and  the  latter  of  Mary- 
land.   Mr.  Hamm  was  one  of  a  family  of  nine  children,  four  of  whom  are 


BIOCIKArllU  AL  275 

iK)\v  living.  They  were  all  ambitious,  successful  and  upri.ulu  citizens.  He 
was  reared  in  Kentucky  where  he  attended  the  country  schools,  and  when 
twenty-three  years  of  age  went  to  Illinois,  locating  near  iiloomington. 
Here  he  entered  land,  and  followed  farming  until  May  10,  1857,  when  he 
came  to  Kansas  and  settled  in  w-hat  is  now  Jackson  county,  at  that  time 
Calhoun.  He  entered  two  quarter  sections,  which  was  allowable  under  the 
law  at  that  time,  and  received  his  land  warrants  from  President  Buchanan. 
He  has  added  to  his  original  holdings,  and  now  has  a  fine  farm  of  four 
hundred  acres,  located  five  miles  west  of  Holton.  He  entered  the  ministry 
in  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church  in  1861,  and  four  years  later  became  a 
regularly  ordained  minister.  His  first  circuit  embraced  three  Kansas 
counties,  and  he  has  generally  been  located  in  the  vicinity  of  HoltcMi.  lie 
carried  on  farming  in  connection  with  his  work  in  the  ministry,  but  in 
1900,  he  was  compelled  to  give  up  the  ministry  on  account  of  the  failure 
of  his  voice  caused  by  a  severe  attack  of  gri]).  Mr.  H^amm  has  proliably 
performed  more  marriage  ceremonies  than  any  other  official  in  Jackson 
count}-.  \\'hen  he  came  to  Jackson  county  there  were  only  two  houses 
where  the  city  of  Holton  now  stands,  and  they  were  "claimers."  He  has 
seen  this  country  developed  from  an  unbroken  plains  into  the  garden 
spot  of  the  world